File #917: "CAPNews-FEB1971.pdf"


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CAP Backs Sky-Safe Program
you the kind of pilot who has
learned all there is to know
about flying?.
Or are you, as the Aircraft
Owners and Pilots Association
a s k s i n i t s m a g a z i n e , A O PA
Pilot, %.. one of the normal,
sane and sensible pilots who
know.., that safe and efficient
flying is a direct product of a
never-ending educational
If you belong to the latter
g r o u p , S K Y- S A F E I S F O R

invited--and urged--to attend.
The gathering will be at
SKY-SAFE, developed and
Patterson Aircraft Co. a t t h e
s u p e r v i s e d b y t h e A O PA A i r
Safety Foundation, is aviation's airport.
first voluntary pilot proficiency
Any pilot, whether beginner
program and consists of a
or ATR rated with thousands of
hours flying time, can profit by
one, day lecture/flying program
for all pilots in all categories,
the program. You do not have to
N o w, C i v i l A i r P a t r o l i s
b e a m e m b e r o f A O PA t o
j o i n i n g A O PA i n s p o n s o r i n g a a t t e n d . A n y g e n e r a l a v i a t i o n
pilot is welcome.
S K Y- S A F E m e e t , t h i s o n e a t
The program can be
the Sacramento, Calif.,'
MuniCipal Airport on Saturday. c o m p ~ d i n t w o m o r n i n g s o r
and Sunday, March 27 and 28.
ay and involves both
~ a lecture Program.
You, a s a C A P p i l o t are

Each participant receives a
preflight to shutdown
1-to-l%-hour flight evaluation
by flight instructors thoroughly
familiar with the aircraft being
The Foundation hand-picks
the evaluator/instructor for his
particular knowledge of specific
aircraft models and then
carefully matches him with the
aircraft being flown by the
SKY-SAFE pilot, Following the
flight, the instructor and pilot
hold a comprehensive debriefing


" .....

The instructor then prepares
for the pilot a confidential flight
evaluation and recommends
attendance at appropriate
S K Y- S A F E l e c t u r e s a n d , f f
needed, additional flight training
at the pilot's home base.
The other half of the program
is a series of nine lectures on
subjects of major concern to
every pilot, conducted by
leading aviation educators and
(Continued on Page 2)



VOL. 3, NO. 2


M A X W,

~,-B, ALA.


Missing F-111 Triggers
Massive Aerial Sea r ch
of Civil Air Patrol's most massive
air search efforts in recent
months was suspended, Jan. 24,
by the Air Force after 15 days
of intensive and fruitless effort
hunting for a missing FB-111A
~ii~li aboard,
The Air Forceptane was last
reported Jan. 8 in the Port
Sulphur, La., area and was on a
round-robin flight out of
Carswell AFB, Tex. The search
was suspended after all leads as
to the location of the craft
proved negative.
Civil Air Patrol planes and
cr~ws from the Alabama,

active member of Civil Air
Patrol, the Honorable Carl B.
Albert, (D.-Okla.), has been
elected speaker of the House
.for the 92nd Congress. He is a
Civil Air Patrol lieutenant
colonel in the Congressional
Squadron of the National
Capital Wing,

communication facilities.
Military planes flew 253
sorties for 1,189.5 hours flying
Ana~¢rage of 46 CAP planes
per day were engaged in the
search, flying an average 0(77
sorties ~ ' ~ n 1 5 7 k ~ , u r s fl y i n g
time. Other figures showed that
an average of 246 CAP members
per day assisted in the search,
using 36 mobile and 30 fixed
(Continued onPage 16)

Reed-Pigman Scholarship
to Cadet Pfeiffer

ArkansasMiSsissippi'andL°uisiana'Oklahoma TexaS,wings Awarded
were involved in the search along
with Coast Guard, Navy and Air
ARDMORE, Okla.--Civil Air
Force planes.
Patrol Cadet Col. Charles A.
In the 15-day search, CAP
Pfeiffer of Winter Park, Fla., was
planes flew 1,163 sorties (a
named winner, Jan. 14, of the
sortie is one flight by one
a n n u a l R e e d Pigman Flight
airplane) for a total of 2,364.6
hours flying time. CAP ground
He received the award in
personnel helped sus.tain the ceremonies here at American
search b y m a n n i n g m i s s i o n
Flyers, Inc., a charter airline and
centers and operating radio
flying school.

W ha t do

e s


ha r i t y

SPACE COURSE GRADUATES-Civil Air Patrol graduates of
the Allied Officers Weapons and Space Orientation Course
inspect a satellite mockup at the Air Force Institute for
Precisional Development at Maxwell AFB, Ala., with fellow
classmates from allied countries. Among the graduates (from
ieft) are Maj. Sung Sok So," gepubilc of Korea; t~O Caslmir
Mroz, CAP, Illinois Wing; Capt. Fahim EI-Hage, Lebanon; Lt.
Cols. Eugene McCardle, CAP, New York Wing; Axel Altberg,
CAP, Alabama Wing and Maj. Abraha Negash, Ethiopia. See
related story on page 13. (Air Force Photo)

c o s


The scholarship, first awarded
in 1969, was established by Mrs.
Virginia Pigman, now president
of American Flyers, Inc., in
honor of her late husband,
aviation pioneer Reed Pigman
who established the firm. The
scholarship is awarded each year
to a CivilAir Patrol cadet.
Worth $5,000, it provides
four months of flying training at
the Ardmoreschoolleadingtoa
commercial pilot license.
Included in the award are room
and board for the period of

How much does it cost to
e s t a t e s a t d e a t h , t h e r e b y PLUS a $10,000 contribution to
give to charity?
reducing both federal and state C i v i l A i r P a t r o l , t h e i r t o t a l
Many taxpayers often
death taxes.
federal income tax, including the
C A P C a d e t M a j . C a r y F.
misjudge the size of the sacrifice
It is readily obvious that if a
2.5 per cent surtax, would be
Ve i t h o f D e n v e r, C o l o . , w a s
t h e y a r e m a k i n g . T h e y f a i l t o person fails to make gifts, he or
named alternate and will receive
consider that, each time they
his estate will later pay to the
Without the gift to CAP, they
make a tax deductible gift, an
tax collectors a part, or nearly w o u l d p a y $ 1 2 , 5 4 3 t o t h e t h e t r a i n i n g s h o u l d P f e i f f e r
decide not to pursue the course.
income tax saving results. An
all, of what he might have
Internal Revenue Service.
individual taxpayer may save
donated in the form of income
In other words, by donating
Pfeiffer, a member of CAP's
f r o m 1 4 t o 7 0 p e r c e n t o f t h e of death taxes.
to Civil Air Patrol, they would
Seminole Cadet Squadron of the
cost of his charitable gift,
How much does ~t cost to
save $4,466 in federal income F l o r i d a W i n g , j o i n e d C i v i l A i r
exclusive of the new surcharge. give to charity?
tax. Definitely a worthwhile
Patrol in 1965 and has been very
Tax savings are not limited to
Take the case of a husband investment.
active in the organization since
income tax alone. The donation and wife with an annual income
See page 6 for further details
that time.
of cash or property to charity by o f $ 5 0 , 0 0 0 . I f t h e y c l a i m e d
ori filing charitable donations on
He served in a wide variety of
individuals is removed from their
$10,000 in itemized deductions
the IRS Form 1040.
cadet staff positions and

il iiii! i!

attended a number" of
encampments and other
activities. In 1969 he
participated in CAP's
International Air Cadet
Exchange and in 1970 attended
CAP's Flying Encampment at
Norman, Okla., where he earned
his private pilot license.
T h e s o n o f M r. a n d M r s .
A n t h o n y F. P f e i f f e r, a l s o o f
Winter Park, Pfeiffer is a
graduate of Lyman High School,
Longwood, Fla., and has
attended Florida Technological
University and Valencia Junior
College of Orlando.
Selection of the scholarship
winner was made by a
committee of staff members at
Headquarters, CAP-USAF at
Maxwell AFB, All., location of
CAP National Headquarters.
To be selected, a cadet must
demonstrate an interest in
following a career in aviation
and a need for financial
assistance in earning a
commercial license.





CAP S upp o r ts

Professional Training Planned
For Senior CAP Membership

Sky-Safe Plan

radiological surveys, damage
M A X W E L L A F B , toward the operational aspects
A l a . - - F o r m a l , p r o f e s s i o n a l of emergency operations. It will surveillance, and airlift. Classes
stress operations in the State and
will consist of CAP volunteers
training in civil defense and
Sacramento. Cost of lubricants
disaster relief--two of Civil Air L o c a l E m e r g e n c y O p e r a t i n g w h o h a v e o r a n t i c i p a t e
(Continued from Page 1)
and fuel will be reimbursed for
P a t r o l ' s t h r e e p r i m a r y Centers and at SARDA (State assignments to Civil Defense
technologists. To qualify for the corporate aircraft.
liaison positions within their
emergency service roles--will be
and Regional Defense Airlift)
Civil Air Patrol pilots desiring
S K Y- S A F E c e r t i fi c a t e a t t h e
available to CAP senior members sites during SCATANA and will
to attend should complete an
completion of the program,
this summer for the first time. i n c l u d e a f u l l - d a y e x e r c i s e i n
Civil Air Patrol has working
pilots must attend at least three AOPA application blank, have it The courses will be given at a
simulated emergency operations, agreements with CD agencies in
of the lectures but may attend signed by the unit commander,
series of five-day encampments
all states under which CAP will
and forward to wing or region
all of them.
The Course, "Civil Air Patrol
participate in Civil Defense
liaison office along with check at sites across the nation.
Subjects covered in the
Mission Coordination for
The training will be given by
activities, including acting as a
for $15 BEFORE March 8.
lectures include: Multi-Engine
the American Red Cross and the E m e r g e n c y O p e r a t i o n s , " w i l l
CD "air arm," should the United
CAP's participation in the
O perations; Federal Aviation
prepare CAP members to work
States ever be attacked.
S a c r a m e n t o S K Y - S A F E i s O f fi c e o f C i v i l D e f e n s e S t a ff
Regulations; Altitude
with civil authorities within the
College. A third course in search
primarily for CAP pilots in the
I n s t r u m e n t Te c h n i q u e s ; F S S
The two courses will be
civil defense structure in
and rescue techniques for CAP
W e a t h e r B r i e fi n g s ; Te r m i n a l Pacific Region and application flying personnel is planned for i d e n t i f y i n g, p la n n i n g, presented in each CAP region
blanks have been sent to the
Operations; Navigation
coordinating, and executing such according t o the following
Pacific Region Liaison Office for
Knowledge; Aero-Med~'cal Facts;
emergency missions as aerial schedule:
CAP's Emergency Services
Engine Maintenance; and Weight further distribution to wings and
Committee, representing all
squadrons so that all pilots may
and Balance.
eight CAP regions, defined what
be afforded the, chance to
Besides the flight evaluations
it called the "desperate need"
and the lectures, you also get attend.
36 people
June 7-11
for training in these three areas
Uniforms are not required.
25 People
June 14-18
your own confidential personal
A b i l e n e , Te x .
at a conference here last year.
Pilots from other regions are
flight record, on-the-spot
July 12-16
36 people
Wright-Patterson AFB
i n v i t e d a n d m a y s e c u r e t h e The new courses are the result of
consultations with industry
Dayton, Ohio
July 19-23
25 people
planning initiated at
necessary application blanks
experts; a personal opportunity
June 14-19
N V, H A , C A - PA C R
Beale AFB
from the Pacific Region Liaison conference.
to experience spatial
36 people
Marysville, Ca.
June 21-25
25 people
T h e A m e r i c an R e d
disorientation in the Vertigon; a
Civil Air Patrol is tentatively
Cross-sponsored course,
S K Y- S A F E C o m p l e t i o n
Aug. 9-14
McChord AFB
p l a n n i n g t o j o i n A O P A i n "Emergency Services Training
CA--36 people
C e r t i fi c a t e a n d S K Y- S A F E
Aug. 16-20
25 people
s p o n s o r i n g S K Y- S A F E
Ta c o m a , W a s h .
for CAP," is intended primarily
wallet ID card, signed by all
programs in other CAP regions
for CAP ground personnel.
your instructors.
June 1-5
35 maximum-SER
Robins AFB
no female
However, flying personnel may
Limited quarters will be
The program has been solidly
attend. The course will equip
available at McClellan AFB,
approved by top members of the
25 people
June 14-18
Macon, Ga.
C a l i f . , f o r a t t e n d e e s a n d b u s CAP disaster teams to perform
U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f
July 19-23
36 people
Lowry AFB
more fully a variety of
Tr a n s p o r t a t i o n , t h e FA A , a n d t r a n s p o r t a t i o n t o a n d f r o m
July 26-30
25 people
D e n v e r, C o l o .
Patterson Aircraft Co, will be emergency services needed
staff members at Headquarters
OCD 23-27
36 people
Grenier AFB
during a disaster and will prepare
CAP-USAF who participated in
Aug. 30-Sept. 3 25 people
M a n c h e s t e r, N . H .
A O PA a l s o w i l l o ff e r o t h e r them to work independently or
another SKY-SAFE program at
50 people
Boiling AFB
June 21-25
courses at the same time the
w i t h i n d i v i d u a l Red Cross
Richmond, Va., in June 1970.
June 28-July 2
25 people
Washington, D.C.
Cost of the program is $30. S K Y- S A F E p r o g r a m i s h e l d . chapters.
Those desiring to take these
Aug. 23-27
40 maximumH o w e v e r, C i v i l A i r P a t r o l ' s
With long
experience i n
no female
special-courses may do so at
Nationa~-Executive Committee
disaster relief, the Red Crowbar- ~ , . ~ . . . . . . . . . .
their own expense. These are:
Aug. 30-sept. ~ 25 pdopfe
unanimously endorsed this
planned the study to cover
Sedalia, Mo.
Pinch-Hitter, 360-Degree Rating, b r i e fl y b u t c o m p l e t e l y s u c h
program and has elected to pay,
Persons interested in attending one of these courses should fill out the
Instrument Nay/Corn,
through the corporate teasury,
topics as the nature of disasters,
application blank at the bottom of page and mail it to their wing
h e a d q u a r t e r s b e f o r e A p r. 1 5 .
Instrument Pilot Preparatory,
half of the required fee ($15) for
services provided following
I n s t r u m e n t P i l o t R e f r e s h e r, disasters, supporting activities
CAP pilots who attend.
f _
Whatever type plane you are Mountain Flying, Private Pilot
W r i t t e n E x a m , I n s t r u m e n t recovery' service,duringemergencieS,responsibilty
qualified to fly can be used in
i n
t h e S K Y- S A F E p r o g r a m . C A P W r i t t e n E x a m , a n d A i r l i n e of Red Cross and government i~ E X
p l a n e s o r r e n t a l a i r c r a f t ( a t Transport Rating courses. These n a t u r a l d i s a s t e r s , R e d C r o s s
c o u r s e s w i l l b e g i n o n F r i d a y, policies and organization, and
reduced rates) may be used. CAP
n s e c r a
March 26, and extend through the Red Cross in general.
units are encouraged to fly
Monday, March 29.
a position be assumed in June
corporate aircraft to
The Red Cross and Civil Air
Force Chaplain, (Col.) Clarence 1970.
P a t r o l n o w h a v e i n e ff e c t a n
In his capacity as National
E. Hobgood, a 29-year veteran
agreement signed in 1970 under
military clergyman was recently Chaplain for the Civil Air Patrol
which CAP will provide
he became well-known
communications assistance to s e l e c t e d a s t h e E p i s c o p a l
Church's second Bishop for the throughout the United States in
the Red Cross during disaster
his dedicated service to more
situations. CAP maintains and Armed Forces. The service of
consecration will be observed in
than 73,000 CAP members.
operates a 17,000-station
He was responsible for
the Cathedral Church of Saint
emergency radio network,
organization and programs of all
and Saint Paul,
1 Unit 2 Units 3 Units 4 Units 5 Units
The course to be presented Washington, D.C., Feb. 2.
CAP Chaplain activities,
Accidental Death $5,000 $10,000 $15,000 $20,000 $25,000
by Civil Defense personnel will
10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000
Dismemberment 5,000
He leaves the Air Force as including the current Moral
be adapted from the three-day C o m m a n d C h a p l a i n ,
Medical Expense
1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500
Leadership Training and
program previously held at the
H e a d q u a r t e r s , S t r a t e g i c A i r Ministry to Youth emphasis.
CD Staff College in Battle Creek, Command, at Omaha, Nebraska,
In his new position as The
Annual Cost
Mich., with emphasis added
Bishop For the Armed Forces,
$10.00 $20.00 $30.00 $40.00 $50.00
20.00 40.00 60.00 80.00 100.00
he will be the ecclesiastical
approving authority for all
I I-~reby Make Application For Civil Air Patrol Senior Member
Episcopal clergymen wishing to
Accident Insurance Under Hartford Accident & Indemnity Co.
enter military service; including
Master Policy On File At National Headquarters Civil Air
the Civil Air Patrol Chaplaincy.
Brig. Gen. Richard N. Ellis,
CAP's national commander and
Name .............................. ; ............. Date of Birth ......................
a group of key staff officers will
Address ......................................................................................
fl y t o W a s h i n g t o n for the
Consecration Service.
CAP Ser. No ........................Pilot ............. Non-Pilot ................

Staff Chapla" Hobgo d
To B Co
ted Bishop


Choose Number of Units Desired



Beneficiary ..............................................Relation ....................


No. Units Applied For .......................... Premium $ ...................







I Certify I Am A Member Of The ............................ Wing, CAP


Date ...................

Make Check Payable To Turner-Weaver-Wilson
P.O. Box 6010, Nashville, Tennessee 37212




Signed ............................................................














for FREE






POW/MIA Report

Don't Slow Your Speed
Until All Are Freed
by CoL Chester H. Bohart, USAF
national heathluarlers I)O~*,/M[~, chairma,t
T h e r e s e e m s t o h a v e b e e n a s l o w i n g d o w n o f C i v i l A i r o u r n a t i o n ' s h i s t o r y. C A P h a s
forged an effective, productive
P a t r o l ' s e ff o r t i n s u p p o r t o f t h e P O W / M I A c a m p a i g n .
campaign and we must keep it
We must never let this happen.
up! We must not weaken
Yo u r e ff o r t s h a v e g a i n e d
is pledged to continue its fight
because the other side shows no
national recognition and drawn until every man is accounted for sign of relenting their barbaric
praise from the highest levels of and we are assured they are
receiving humane treatment.
In fact, they have refused
Our task is not ended. The
Civil Air Patrol is joined in
President Nixon's offer to
w o n d e r f u l , h e a r t - w a r m i n g this effort by agencies across the
exchange 8,000 North
progress noted to date is
country in one of the greatest Vietnamese prisoners for 800 of
encouraging. But Civil Air Patrol demonstrations of solidarity in
free world prisoners. That's ten
t o o n e ! O b v i o u s l y, t h e i r
disregard for human lives
extends to their own people.
I'd like to call your attention
to two recent items on this
subject. One is a poem by a
teenage daughter--the other is an
official chart of our POW/MIA
To me, they offer a poignant
picture of the total problem. It
begins with the individual
anguished family and ends with
an angered, concerned
Yo u a n d I a r e p a r t o f t h a t
North Vietnam
government. Let's keep doing
South Vietnam
our share.

Prisoners Of War

Missing In Action

Poet's Corner
Please, Bring Him Home
I don't know what he suffers there,
I cannot feel his grief, despair.
His agony is only known
To men who have been caged - alone.
I only feel a selfish pain,
A fear that I might pray in vain,
And never see again his face
Or feel again his strong embrace.
I need his love while I am young
With many fears to walk among.
I need his help to guide me through To him the dangers are not new.
For how long must I wonder when
My father will be mine again?
How many years can he survive?
Is he, even now, alive?
Before it is too late to try,
Before my life must pass him by,
Please, bring him home, and I'll be then
My father's little girl again.
Debi Wood, age 16
Provo Utah

In Southeast Asia



. Totals:


Reprinted Courtesy of Air Force Times




" ~




Totals: 7








North Vietnam
South Vietnam






Total letters received
Total number of writers


O n l y n i n e A m e r i c a n p r i s o n e r s h e l d i n N o r t h Vi e t n a m h a v e b e e n
allowed repatriation by the Hanoi government. Most of these men
had been prisoners for less than two yeats. Seventeen known prisoners have been murdered or have died in Viet Cong captivity. The
physical condition of the men who have been ,released has been
far below normal standards.

HONOR WAR DEAD-Cadets from the
National Capital Wing honor the dead of two
world wars, the Korean and Vietnam conflicts
b y p l a c i n g a w r e a t h o n t h e To m b o f t h e
Unknowns at Arlington National Cemetery.

The contingent of cadets participated in the
ceremony held in conjunction with the 29th
Anniversary of Civil Air Patrol. (Photo courtesy
of the National Capital Wing)

CAP Signs Revised Agreement with Reservists
revised agreement, worked out
here recently between Civi.l Air
Patrol and the U.S. Air Force
Reserve, will enable CAP to go
into action more promptly when
future calls come for help in
civilian emergencies.

mutually acceptable procedures,
so far as CAP and the Reserve
are concerned, in cases of
domestic emergencies. Requests
for CAP participation in
emergency relief operations
ordinarily are channeled through
t he Continental U.S. Army

The Reserve is responsible for
authorizing use of Air Force
resources in such emergencies. In
most cases where help is needed,
Civil Air Patrol represents the

H o . g I } i tal Board

Air Force as its official auxiliary
and is compensated for fuel and
lubricants used.
The "Joint Standard
Operating Insti'uctions" outlines
areas of responsibility and

AMARILLO, Texas--Lt. Col.
G e r a r d K . N a s h , C A P, Te x a s
Wing's Group 1 medical officer,
has been elected president of the
board of trustees of the
Southwest Osteopathic Hospital
here. He is chief of the hospital's
department of radiology,

Headquarters or the Air Force
activity nearest the emergency,
H o w e v e r, t h e r e v i s e d
agreement now allows either
civil authorities or CAP
commanders to go direct to Air
Force Reserve regions in~
requesting CAP assistance "when
a natural disaster creates
conditions of such imminent
seriousness as to preclude the
receipt of timely instructions."
The time saved by the direct
communications is expected to
be a significant factor in
preventing "loss of life,
In addition, the new
agreement makes CAP mission

coordinators more responsive to
t h e n e e d s o f c i v i l a u t h o r i t y,
makes CAP-USAF liaison
officers responsible for necessary
reports, and allows CAP mission
coordinators to release news
items of CAP activity direct to
civilian news media when
working on purely civil missions.
The revised agreement is
effective when CAP wing
commanders and Air Force
Reserve- Region commanders
concerned sign it.
Helping to rewrite the
tong-standing agreement here at
CAP National Headquarters
were: Col. Jack Maret, director
of Operations Plans at
Headquarters Air Force Reserve;
Col. E. M. Powell, chief of

Disaster Preparedness for the
Eastern Air Force Reserve
Region; Col. W. A. McLaughlin,
d e p u t y C h i e f o f S t a ff / O p e r a tions, and Maj. John B. Berry,
director of Emergency Services
at CAP National Headquarters~



From the commander...

Chairman's comments...

'Sky Safe

q e re Pulling

and Other Matters...'
by Brig. Gen. Richard N. EllLs, USAF
There are several topics l want to discuss.
The first, and by far the most critical, is ....
Flying gafety
On the front page of this issue you'll find an
article describing a SKY-SAFE meeting. We
intend that this will be the
first of many such clinics to
be jointly sponsored by Civil
Air Patrol and the Aircraft
Owners and Pilots
Association (AOPA).
CAP is fortunate to have
this support because AOPA is
the pioneer, the expert, and
the driving force of this new,
v o l u n t a r y, l o w - c o s t p i l o t
proficiency evaluation program.
I won't go into detail because the article
mentioned covered all aspects of this joint
S K Y- S A F E . I f y o u ' r e a p i l o t - s t u d e n t o r
veteran--it demands your study and careful
consideration. If you are not a pilot, I suggest
you read it as a matter of importance to all of
Civil Air Patrol.
My logic is simple. Anything that gives this
organization a black eye or hurts the CAP
And I assure you that CAP's flying safety
record does both. It is bad--very bad. It doesn't
matter by what criteria we are judged or what
organization we're compared with...CAP's
poor performance is in a class by itself.
Pilot error has accounted for the vast
majority of CAP accidents. As we probed
deeper into the four leading causes of accidents,
another factor emerged. The real cause, the
hidden, underlying problem was lack of
adequate supervision.
Only a dreamy optimist could hope that
SKY-SAFE will be a panacea for all CAP flying
safety woes. But it is a forward step--no, a
forward LEAP--and something we've needed
for a long, long time.
I'll tell you why.
CAP is far behind general aviation in safety
and we're actually three times worse than aero
clubs. Equally startling is our comparison to
military flying with its high performance jets
and combat conditions. An accident rate just a
third as poor as CAP's would be completely
unacceptable to the military.
This shoves the least laudable part of CAP
operations on center s.tage in a glaring national
spotlight. Why? Because flying safety statistics
are rightfully in the public domain. There4s no
way to hide them backstage.
Nor should we want to! The only way to
solve the problem is to improve our
record...and the key to improvement is
That's what I've been hammering at for the
past 15 months. I have high hopes that
SKY-SAFE clinics will be the turning point for
us because it focuses on our pilots and
supervisory personnel.
I've been a flyer for about 30 years with
several thousand hours on record in aircraft
ranging from Apaches to high performance jet
fighters to B-52 bombers. But I learned a long


time ago that a good pilot never stops learning.
I consider myself a good pilot and I intend
to remain one. I also intend to remain a live
one. To me, a pilot's proficiency in-his flying
ability is, or certainly should be, a matter of
personal pride,
We could get dramatic, but still be honest
with ourselves and say, "It's a matter of life and
How about you?
Are you interested in your own survival?
Your support and attendance at "SKY-SAFE"
clinics as they occur, will help that worthy
Lost in the Shuffle
There has been a surge in complaints that
this headquarters loses, misplaces or simply files
and forgets requests from the field. Each time I
r e c e i v e s u c h a l e t t e r, i t ' s c h e c k e d o u t
immediately and completely.
So far, no complaint has been substantiated.
This is no whitewash job. In each instance we
found that the correspondence never reached us
or had been taken care of and returned.

Tw o G ' s . . . '

by Brig. Gen. Samuel H. duPont Jr., CAP
This is not a reference to the gravitational pull of the
I wish it was.
That definition is clean and mathematically ~::;~::::
concise. To Dull "two G's" in that sense simply
means to be subjected to twice tt~e gravity force of
our planet.
Nearly all of us have experienced the thrill of
challenging this G-force factor and most think it's .... ~:~:::~::
a lot of fun.
But the two G's I'm talking about are not fun.
In fact, if we don't do something about one of
them right now, Civil Air Patrol of the future might not bear any
resemblance to CAP of yesterday and today.
--Or it could mean the end of this great humanitarian
organization whose only reward is to serve the nation and their
fellow man.
No matter how-you slice it, you'll never find a tighter, more
explicit definiton of Civil Air Patrol. n other words, we are
Givers-and that's the first G.
The other "G" we're pulling is the Getters.
We have a crying need for the former and no place for the latter.
No one desires an upsurge n membershio more than I do.
Commanders at all evels are barraged with recruiting/retention
charts and graphs I'm also well aware that unit prestige--and
nationa standings-are closely entwined with membershio figures.
Despite all this I'd be cooping out if looked away from this
I must ask that all commanders and each member apply this
"Two G" scale to each prospective member. Is he a Giver or a
Getter? I know from recent experience that it won't be easy. In
early December a married couple-friends of long-standing, asked

These inquiries take time and are especially
aggravating when this Headquarters is likened
t o a " p u z z l e p a l a c e . " T h a t ' s a n o l d , O l d j o ~ ~ " " - ' : - ' : ; : . . . .S-::-~-=t'~:stt~::-'~2-~b-'tct~=-'!-~-~-~a-;[t-i-~,-Z=-~%:~'~-~
and time has eroded its humor,
L e t m e r e i t e r a t e m y p o l i c y. T h i s
It was obvious they were primarily interested in the social
headquarters is here for one purpose--to serve
aspects, and~t4~e~thought of w~armg a uniform, especially to don the
you and your unit. If you have a problem, we
new mess d/rress e~emble.
want to hear about it. But please check
So I said NO-in a nice way of course, but very definitely "No,
everything out before committing yourself and
thank you."
me to a problem that doesn't exist. We have too
We're still friends.
many real problems to waste each other's time
You must do the same when faced with similar circumstances.
tilting at windmills.
Again, I have to tell you it won't be easy. This is a delicate area and
I've gone on record that my door is always
it's up to you to make the decision.
open to you and that includes the door to my
Any 79c slide rule will give you the mathematical formula for
mailbox. I meant it then and I mean it now.
determining a "G" force. But for you, there is no slide rule, no
But please use them judiciously.
formula, no computer, no textbook in this decision.
The only things you've got going for you are your personal
experiences in CAP, plus a good brain including common sense.
USAF Support
Another complaint I receive from time to
time concerns USAF support. It's incredible,
but there are a few among us who feel that Air
Force support is lacking. It is difficult to keep
my cool in answering these charges. I would
have thought that anyone with one eye open
could see that USAF support is-and has
been--truly remarkable.
Let me remind you that the U.S. Air Force
provides today-as it has for more than two
decades--the principal deterrent power that
protects the free world.
D E S PirE this awesome responsibility,
DESPITE a shooting war in southeast Asia,
DESPITE critically reduced flying hours,
DESPITE a lean and plucked budget, DESPITE
aircraft shortages, DESPITE global
commitments and DESPITE the current seige
of overall super-austerity, USAF support to
Civil Air Patrol during 1970 reached new
heights in many areas.
These letters of complaint represent a
microscopic percentage of CAP
personnel...but it is important that even they
be halted.
I ask each of you to help me reach the
uninformed,~y~givinlg 4~, the facts.

National Commander ............

Brig. Gen. Richard N. Ellis, USAF

N a t i o n a l 8 o a r d C h a i r m a n . . . . . . . . . Brig. Gen. Samuel H. duPont, CAP
D i r e c t o r o f n f o r m a t i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . L t . C o l . J o h n W. M i l l e r, U S A F
C h i e f , I n t e r n a l I n f o r m a t i o n . . . . . C a p t . M e r v v n E . R o b e r t s , J r. , U S A F
E d i t o r

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TSgt. John J. Lyons, USAF

The Civil Air Patrol News is an official publication of Civil Air
Patrol, a private benevolent corporation and auxiliary of the United
States Air Force, published monthly at Headquarters CAP-USAF (OI),
B u i l d i n g 7 1 4 , M a x w e l l A i r F o r c e B a s e , A l a b a m a 3 6 11 2 .
Opinions expressed herein do not necessarily represent those of the
Air Force or any of its departments. Editorial copy should be addressed
to Editor, CAP News, National Headquarters (O1), Maxwell AFB,
A l a b a m a 3 6 11 2 .
Questions about advertising rates in the Civil Air Patrol News should
b e d i r e c t e d t o K i m b r o u g h & A s s o c i a t e s A d v e r t i s i n g A g e n c y , P. O . B o x
2 1 8 1 , M o n t g o m e r y, A l a . 3 6 1 0 3 .
The appearance of advertising in this publication with the exception
of the CAP Educational Materials Center, does not constitute an
endorsement by the Civil Air Patrol Corporation of the products or
services advertised.
Published by mail subscription (Civil Air Patrol membership dues
include subscription).
$2.00 per year by mail subscription (Civil Air Patrol membership
dues include subscription).
S e c o n d c l a s s p o s t a g e p a i d a t M o n t g o m e r y, A l a . 3 6 1 0 4 .
Postmasters: Please send forms 3579 to Headquarters, CAP (OPYO),
M a x w e l l A F B , A l a . 3 6 11 2 .
Vol. 3. No. 2





Army Conducts Training
For CAP Cadet Rangers
Metro-Columbia Cadet Squadron
and several other units of the
South Carolina Wing
participated in the wing's firsL
ranger training cycle recently at
Ft. Jackson.
Army instructors" from Ft.
Jackson's 3rd Advanced

I n d i v i d u a l Tr a i n i n g B r i g a d e
conducted the classes in map
reading, land navigation and
Cadets and senior members
gained their practical experience
in the use of compasses on
unfamiliar terrain after
completing classroom

instruction and then were
divided into small groups and
sent out on the 1,600 meter land
navigation course.
Maj. Albert Addelnor, CAP,
wing director of ranger training,
said the program was divided
into five training phases that
included eight weekend training
sessions and culminating in a
week-long summer encampment
The advance phase of the
training for wing members is still
being planned and second
training cycle tentatively
s c h e d u l e d f o r s u m m e r. T h e
program in the wing will be
fortified by the use of four
newly acquired jeeps which will
be called into use during training
and ground search and rescue
operations, Major Addelnor said.
He also expressed his thanks
on behalf of the wing to the
instructors at Ft. Jackson for
making this training highly

Henry McAllister, officer in charge of land navigation, 3rd
Advanced Individual Training Brigade, gives Cadets Dorothy
Lowery (center) and Barbara Clark, pointers on map reading
during the recent South Carolina wing ranger training at Fort
Jackson. (U.S. Army Photo by SSgt. Richard Maehr.)

Cadets Brave Cold in Training
G R A N D R A P I D S ,
Minn.--Eighteen cadets from the
Grand Rapids Squadron of the
Minnesota Wing recently

returned after undergoing
training in survival in the
wilderness of the Mill Lake area,
15 miles southwest of here.

CAP Members Active "- MedTest

ON TARGET-Cadet Dorothy Lowery shoots an azimuth with
her compass during land navigation training at the South
Carolina Wing's ranger training school at Fort Jackson, S.C.
(U.S. Army Photo by SSgt. Richard Maehr)

BELLEVUE, Wash.-Cadets
and senior members from two
squadrons in the Washington
Wing had an important role
recently when the staff of
Bellevue's Overlake Hospital
staged its annual disaster drill.
The drill was a simulated bomb
explosion at the local high

CHARTING COURSE-Cadets Robert Crowe and Lynnea Nelson of Grand
Rapids Squadron of the Minnesota Wing, chart the course of a simulated downed
airplane during a winter survival training and search and rescue exercise recently.
The two were among a group of 18 cadets participating in training at Mill Lake,
15 miles southwest of Grand Rapids. (CAP Photo courtesy of the Minnesota

Braving heavy snows and ice,
the group took part in an
overnight training session in
conjunction with the unit's
annual search and rescue

The cadets used snowmobiles
and sleds to get themselves and
school, 50 students assisted by equipment to the training area
simulating a variety of injuries. and erected shelters from tree
"We couldn't have done
During the overnight stay, the
w fthout them," stated the
cadets, under the leadership of
Disaster Medical Officer. The 15
1 s t L t . A l l a n B u t t , C A P,
cadets assisting in the drill all
s q u a d r o n t r a i n i n g a d v i s o r,
hold American Red Cross first searched the area for clues in an
aid certification.
exercise for a simulated downed

EAGER BEAVER-Cadet Dave Jarva of the Grand Rapids Squadron, Minnesota
Wing, seems to enjoy the winter weathei while participating in a search and
rescue exercise and survival training at the Mill Lake area site. He was among a
group of 18 cadets involved in the overnight campout, (CAP Photo courtesy of

PA G E 6



~ Exemptions

Form 1040~ 1970BPage

Complete only for dependents claimed on line 3b, page 1

(a) NAME (It more spa~.e is needed attach scneclule)

(b) Relationship (c) Monthshved in your
home. If born o; died durinz year wrde "B" or "D"

(d) Did dependenthavb income
I of $600 or more?

(e) Amount YOU furnisnedl
for dependent's support, ,
if 100% write "ALL"

3 Total



ter here
n p a g e

(f) Amount furnished
by OTHERSinclud.
ing del~endent.





~ b .


' .

la Gross
and amount:


G I V E TO C A P - - A N D S AV E !

lb Exclusion (see
lc Capital gain
(see page 5 of
l d Nontax;
(see page
Z e Total (add
I f Taxable dividen,
not less
Interest (list

.Q ...o....

.°. .................


2 Total
3 Pensions and
nerships, estates
4 Business incom~
5 Sale or exc
6 Farm ine(


7 Total
8 TOTAL (add lit
Enter here

If you've been poring over your financial
category as donations to churches, tax.exempt
records for 1970, getting ready to submit your educational organizations, exempt hospitals, or a
Federal Income Tax, it is time to consider your
number o f other charitable organizations.
contributions to Civil Air Patrol.
Donations in this category may be deducted up to
Many members apparently are still not aware 3 0 p e r c e n t o f t h e t a x p a y e r ' s a d j u s t e d g r o s s
that this organization qualifies as a legitimate income, whereas the normal allowance is only 20
b enevolent corporation. CAP's Congressional
Charter gives it income tax exemption status so
These contributions are entered on Schedule A
that contributions to CAP can be made and
& B of your Form 1040 and are allowed only in
deducted from personal and corporate income in
the year of actual payment, whether the taxpayer
computing taxable income.
is on the cash or accrual basis and regaCdless of
These deductions include cash gifts, donations
when the amount is pledged. To be deductible, the
of properties, dues, unreimbursed expenses made contribution must be made by the taxpayer. In
incident to rendering service to Civil Air Patrol,
other words, you can't claim junior's cadet
unreimbursed overnight travel expenses away from
uniform and expenses though you can claim
home, unreimbursed transportation costs, repair
Mamma's if she is an active CAP member and you
and maintenance of private property used solely are filing jointly.
When a personal automobile is used on CAP
for CAP activities and cost and maintenance of
uniforms and insignia.
activities, such as a SAR or CD test, actual
Other deductible expenses include rental of
expenditures for the use can/bededucted or you
may claim five cents per mile driven in lieu of
aircraft for CAP.functions, both usage and fuel/oil;
actual expenses. In either case, make sure you have
also for use in cadet orientation tides; and
~ z ~, the records to,bac~a ~ , ~ claim. ~
, ~ your
~* ~
,,"~ . . ~ ~;.~
~ '
Bub before at CAP functions. , _~thes~ ~gliband ~ ~ ~ , Some ~ t e m ~ y o ~ i n ~ ' ~ Py- : :n o" ~ . - ~tl~h" t l u ~ O f . . . . . . .~"
es you -start ~ - .
i ~
knockmg ~
expenses off your Form 1040. make sure that you
services donated, depreciation, repair of private
have the necessary records to support your
property damaged on CAP activity (although it
deduction. These records can take many forms,
may qualify as a casualty loss), proportionate cost
of repair and maintenance of private property used
ranging from cancelled checks and receipts to
documents showing the transfer of real property j o i n t l y o n C A P a c t i v i t i e s a n d p e r s o n a l ] y,
to the Civil Air Patrol Corporation. All records,
entertainment and hospital and medical expenses
including those of other deductions claimed,
for injuries sustained in CAP activities. The latter
should be retained for at least five years--just in may qualify as a medical expense deduction,
case the Internal Revenue Service° (IRS) should
decide to audit your account.
A recent ruling by the Commissioner of IRS
But what if you neglected to keep such records
concerned admissions and tickets to fund-raising
during 19707 Well, that's water over the dam. But
activities for charities. The portion of the ticket
it is not too early to start planning ahead for next
that goes toward admission is not deductible. If
year when you submit your 1971 tax return.
part of the ticket is above the admission cost and
O n e o f t h e e a s i e s t w a y s t o m a i n t a i n s u c h is solicited as a gift, that portion is deductible.
records is to start a folder on all your CAP
However, the burden is on the taxpayer to prove
expenses. This can be as simple as a brown manila
that a portion is above the admission price.
enveldpe in which you can file away your
These are just a few simple hints about the tax
cancelled checks, receipts and documents to
advantages available to you when you give your
support your claim next year.
support to Civil Air Patrol. For more detailed
It is always wise to keep a running account of
information, be sure to consult your attorney,
these expenses, including the date, what it went
income tax counsellor or a representative of the
f o r, a n d a n y o t h e r m e m o r y j o g g e r s t h a t w i l l
remind you why you spend $10 for a hotel in
You can save tax money and support a worthy
Minneapolis or $20 for the repair of your unit
cause by giving to Civil Air Patrol. Just remember:
motion picture projector. Don't overlook your
--Make sure they are valid deductions;
official CAP orders. They are an invaluable
--Keep supporting records and documents;
reference as well as good supporting documents.
--C~nsult your attorney, tax advisor or IRS
A gift to Civil Air Patrol falls into the same

orders, etc.

z "Sick pay" if
tach Form 2440

2 Moving
:3 Employee b=
2106 or
4 Pa


etc. (attach Form 2950SE). i

3 F o r e i t a x c r e d i t ( ; . o r m 111 6 ~ . . . I
4 TOTAL CREDITS (for page 1, line 13). I~J

[OTeArLhADJUnSTMoENTS (lines I through 4).~ I
page 1, line8 . . I I


EXPENSE ACCOUNTS--If you had an expense allowance or charged
expenses to your employer, check here [] and see page 6 of instructions.
~'1~'1~'~1' U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE. 1~g--0-290-001





Rangers Can Train
YOu How to-MAXWELL AFB, Ala.--You
and two of your passengers have
survived when your plane crash
landed in a remote area. The
passengers are injured and you
know it will be some time before
you are reported missing and
help is on its way.
Do you know what to do to
insure survival and care for the
passengers until help arrives?
If you have undergone ranger
training and become a member
of this group of elite specialists
in survival you will to
survive and be able to render
immediate first aid to those
injured in the plane crash.
Rangers are trained to survive
in remote areas, natural
disasters, administer first aid,
participate in ground search and
rescue operations and conserve
natural and wildlife resources.
Interested in Ranger training?.
Contact the Pennsylvania
Rangers for information on
training procedures and how to
start a unit in your wing.
The following publications
have been accepted as official
CAP Ranger training
publications and may be

published at the rate of about
two per yetr.
Published to date
No. 1--Air-Ground
Coordination; No. 2--Latitude
and Longitude .Conversion
Ta b l e s ; N o . 3 - - L a n d S e a r c h
Theory; and No. 4--Legal.
Pennsylvania Wing Ranger S.OJL
The Standard operating
procedure for all ranger teams in
the Pennsylvania Wing. Includes
complete description of Ranger
Training Program.
Pennsylvania Wing Ranger Forms
RNGF 1, 2, 3 and 4.
Assortment of 50 forms for
$1.00. (Appendix IV of LS and
R has sample forms).
These publications are not
available through the
E ducational Materials Center
(CAP Book Store). If you want
to order any of these please use
the attached order blank and
make checks payable to: Ranger
Headquarters Squadron, CAP.
No C.O.D. orders will be
accepted. Mail order to:
Maj. Thomas E. Jensen, CAP
2230 Kemmerer Street
B~ethlehem, Pa. 18017.

Robert Powers, USCG search and rescue mission pilot,
explains the electronic equipment on a UH-43 helicopter to
The first of two volumes of
the R'a~n'g~'~ining Manual of
......... CAP Cadet SgL Peter Rom~nik (right) ~luring an orientation of
the Pennsylvania Wing. (Part II
helicopter rescue techniques for the Ranger team from
will become available later this
Cumberland Composite Squadron, New Jersey Wing. The joint
year). This is a required
CAP-USAF orientation was conducted recently at the U.S.
textbook for all Pennsylvania
Coast~ Guard Training Center at Cape May, NJ. (Photo by
Rangers and for the Summer
Instruction began with a tom
C/Capt. Thomas Humes)
Ranger School at Hawk
personnel of the United States of the station's search and rescue
Coast Guard Training Center at
control center with 1st. Lt.
C a p e M a y, N . J . , h o s t e d t h e Robert Powers, USCG, a SAR
Team Commander's Notebook
i s
F i r s t
Ranger team of the Cumberland pilot as guide. He demonstrated ~
A s e r i e s o f a r t i c l e s , e a c h Composite Squadron, Millville, t h e u s e o f t h e h i g h l y T O A t t e n d
c o m p l e t e i n i t s e l f , i n 8 1 / 2 x l l N.J., recently for a class on air sophisticated communications
booklet format, prepunched for m o b i l e r e s c u e t e c h n i q u e s equipment in the center which
a three-ring binder. Articles of
e m p l o y i n g t h e U H - 4 3 enables the Coast Guard to talk
K I R T L A N D A F B ,
The seminar, conducted at
particular interest to Ranger
to all types of vessels at sea, N.M.--Twenty-four members of the USAF Aerospace Rescue and
Team Commanders are to be
airplanes and fixed base
the. New Mexico Wing recently.
Recovery Central Rescue
operators as far away as the west returned here after attending a Coordination Center, was the
seminar on search and rescue at
first in a series for members of
The cadets then attended two R i c h a r d s - G e b a u r A F B , n e a r
Civil Air Patrol from every state.
movies dealing with the role of Kansas City.
A tour of the center's
the Coast Guard in search and
command post, which is manned
Please send the following publications to:
rescue. One film dealt with the
24 .hours-a-day, was one of the
Uses of the latest helicopter
main features of the seminar.
rescue equipment and
Personnel at the command post
are responsible for all air search
and rescue efforts for the central
After the movie presentation,
U.S. comprising an 18 state area.
the cadets visited a hangar for a
The remainder of the day was
familiarization briefing on the
spent discussing all phases of a
(Zip Code)
UH-43 search and rescue
new units were chartered
sea rch mission. Considerable
recently to boost membership in t'une was spent on details of how
Both the cadets and Coast Civil Air Patrol Charters were a search should be conducted
made out to
inclosed is a check for
G u a r d m e m b e r s f o u n d t h i s received by the Skyhawks Senior
"Ranger Headquarters Squadron, CAP".
and the help that can be
orientation of mutual interest Squadron, Montana Wing, and expected from the center and
copies of Land Search and Rescue. Mall order
a n d h o p e f u l l y t h i s t y p e o f the Ka-Lawai Cadet Squadron, the Air Forc~
price: (Part I) $3.00 each ($2.75 each in lots of z0 or more).
training will lead to closer
Hawaii Wing.
New Mexico was the first unit
copies of Air-Ground Coordination (Notebook No. 1)
working rapport between the
selected for the seminar because
$.50 each.
Maj. Daniel Carson, ANG,
two rescue organizations not
of the difficult areas and terrain
copies of Latitude and Longitude Conversion Tables [No.
only in the Delaware Bay area Skyhawks commander, received the wing is required to fly search
2) $.50 each.
hut throughout the entire East
the CAP charter from Col.
and rescue over. Purpose of the
copies of Land Search Theory (Notebook No. 3) $.50
Coast, officials stated.
G o r d o n T. W e i r , U S A F, a t
seminar is to standardize search
The training tour was
c e r e m o n i e s a t G r e a t F a l l s , and rescue methods throughout
coordinated by Lt. (j.g.) Robert Mont., while 700 Guardsmen, the CAP wings.
copies of Legal (Notebook No. 4) $.50 each.
ZeUer, USCG and CAP project Air Force personnel and CAP
copies of Pennsylvania Wing Ranger S.O.P. $.50 each.
members attended the
officer CWO William R. Chanels.
copies of Pennsylvania Wing Ranger Forms. Assortment
A special vote of thanks was
dedication ceremonies.
as follows:
given to Commander H. L.
Lt. Col. Allan A. Fujii, CAP,
Carter, USCG, training center
Ka-Lawai Squadron commander,
commander, who offered the
received the CAP charter at
facilities for the familiarization
ceremonies in Hawaii.
tour~for the CAP cadets.
Land Search and Rescue

Coast Guard Provides
Traing for CAP Unit

New Mexico Wing
Search Training


2 New Units

Get Charters




General Ellis tells cadets
ii in

' W e A r e L i s . t e n i n g t o Yo u '
by Barbara Bentle+
MAXWELL AFB, Ala.-In the opinion
of Brig. Gen. Richard N. Ellis, CAP's
N a t i o n a l C o m m a n d e r, " T h e A d v a n c e d
Cadet Leadership Symposium was a solid
success and may become an annual
An important "first" for more than 130
CAP cadet leaders, the symposium was held
Jan. 7-10, at the Statler-Hilton Hotel in Dallas,
Texas. During the three-day round of seminars,
these future leaders discussed ways to best
implement the cadet program for some 35,000
cadets throughout the country.
In a major address, General Ellis told the
assembled cadet leaders: "You are
participating improve the Civil
Air Patrol of the future...Ultimately, all Civil
Air Patrol hopes to do is prepare young men
and women to be responsible citizens and the
leaders of tomorrow.
"1 personally would be delighted if your
desires lead to careers in the Air Force,
commercial aviation, or some related aerospace
field. But if you tackle something radically
different-government, teaching,
law-enforcement or whatever-it's still fine
because there is a crying need for leaders in
every field of endeavor."
He also said:. "You have been given the
opportunity to speak up-and we are I sten ng.
General Ellis meant just that. The cadets
spoke up in more than 15 seminars covering.
topics vital to CAP and the cadet program. The
reports prepared by the cadets give ample
promise that they will in fact be tomorrow's
Their deliberations, conclusions and
recommendations will be published and
distributed to each symposium member, the
National Headquarters staff, and the members
of the National Board.
Among seminar topics was the perennial
problem of retaining dadets. The retention
committee identified six problems and
proposed several solutions to each. This
in-depth treatment was supplemented by
another seminar group who compiled a survey
questionnaire for former cadets to find out why
they did not remain in CAP.
Another seminar prepared a Cadet Officer
School Curriculum emphasizing psy~;hological
training, problem solving, and communicative

Other topics were: Cadet recruiting teams,
aerospace education in high school, the cadet
program and the computer, emergency services,
moral leadership, CAP's aerospace olympics,
cadet squadron activities programs, the Type B
encampment program, cadet squadron
organization, AFROTC-CAP membership, the
cadet encampment staff, special activities
publicity, and a selection process for CAP's
outstanding cadet of the year.
The cadets were welcomed to the
symposium on the first evening by CAP's
National Board Chairman, Brig. Gen. Samuel H.
d u P o n t , C A P. N e x t c a m e a g r o u n d r u l e s
briefing by Capt. Stephen A. Dempsey, project
Lt. Col. Donald R. Hayes, symposium
director, highlighted a few of the improvements
made by National Headquarters during the past
year to better the overall cadet program,
pointing out that methods to improve the
program were under continual review. Colonel
Hayes called attention to another "first" at the
symposium-the convening of the Nadonal
Cadet Advisory Council. The council,
~ :~
composed of the eight region cadet advisory
council chairmen of whom seven were present,
elected Thomas Richardson of Delaware .....
J o h n V. S o r e n s o n , D C S / A e r o s p a c e
Education and Cadet Programs, ctosea the .....
opening evening session with a charge to lead
and be strong. As part of the charge to lead, he
quoted a poem by Gill Robb Wilson, CAP's
founder,-his well-known "So tong as this is a
free man's world somebody has to lead.. "

Arriving at Love Field from left are Earl Brak, Billie Pirner, Floyd Arashiro and Tom
.... :.

National Cadet Advisory Council Leaders-Delaware's Richardson,
chairman and Larry Willers of Colorado, vice-chairman.

Dramatic and emotion-packed presentation by sculptor-artist Lt. Col. Gilbert N. A




i iiii

Patricia Huelenbeek of Oklahoma emphasizes her viewpoint.


rio, USAF.


Faith Vilas of Massachusetts receives Spaatz award from General du P~nt.

"'... Speak up, we are fistening."




Five Earn Solo Wings
BOWIE, Md.-Cadet 1st. Lt. Philip Lamber of the Lanham Cadet
Squadron recently became the first of five Cadets in the Maryland
Wing to earn his silver wings under the CAP Cadet Solo Flying
Training program here.
Others earning their wings were Cadets Gary Skogebo, Larry
Malchodi of Bowie-Belair, Leonard Litkowski of Lanham and Gene
Gordon of Prince George Composite Squadron.

Cadets Visit Big Industry
LYNWOOD, Calif.-The Downey Cadet Squadron members
visited the Western Gear Corporation here recently and for the most
of the 23 on tour it was their first time seeing the industrial world at
The group toured the shops and saw the various products made
by Western Gear, one of the industries making up the aerospace
manufacturing complex.

Pilot Who Failed to Close Flight
Causes Massive CAP Aerial Search
Calif.--A pilot who forgot to
close his flight plan caused a
flurry of activity for Civil Air
Patrol members of the California
Wing operating from two search
bases in the state recently.
Aerospace Rescue and
Recovery Services called CAP
aerial SAR teams into the search
for an aircraft missing on a flight
from Van Nuys to Palo Alto.
Although the weather was
good the day the plane departed,
it was overcast and mining
during the search effort.

First Aid Cards Given
DOYLESTOWN, Pa.-Cadets from the local squadron received
first aid cards after graduating from an American Red Cross course
here recently.
Presented by Steven Smith of Ivyland, Pa., an ARC instructor,
the course is a requirement for all those involved in CAP search and
rescue and emergency services operations.

CAP pilots flew five sorties
out of search bases here and
Salinas with the flights

Cadets Make Christmas Brighter

The first flights were
dispatched when 1st. Lt. Bruce
G o r d o n , C A P, m i s s i o n

concentrating along the pilot's
intended route up the California

MIAMI, Fla.-Christmas was much brighter for a group of
children, 3 to 8 years old, when the Florida Wing's All Girl Cadet
coordinator, was notified that
squadron held a Christmas party for the youngsters in December at
the plane was found and the
the Miami Sunland Training Center here.
pilot safe.
Santa Clans, with 15-year-old C/TSgt. Alyne Talbott in the role,
Embarrassed but safe, the
arrived with a bag full of toys and gifts donated by other members
pilot and his passenger were
of the squadron for the youngsters. Cadet Lt. Col. David White,
Florida Wing council chairman, assisted the girls with the party
found at the destination airport
preparation and entertainment.
after a third ramp check.

CHRISTMAS CHEER GIVEN-The children of Miami Sunland
Training Center were. entertained at a Christmas party in
December by cadets from Florida Wing. Among the cadets
involved in feeding the youngsters (from left) are Cadets Susan
Pagey, Carol Rosch of Miami's All Girl Squadron and Cadet
Lt. Col. David White, Florida Wing council chairman. (Photo
courtesy of the Florida Wing)

The pilot, who had just
purchased the plane, had
HOUSTON, Tex.-Twenty-six cadets from the Talon, Bryan and reportedly parked it in a hangar
instead of the, txans[e~t p~king .......
Eagle Composite Sq uadrons participated in an encampment 40 roiles
F o r
northof here recently.
The cadets underwent training in pre-flighting airplanes, chart
"This should be a strong
MAXWELL AFB-In response to thousands of requests from the
reading, navigation and radio communications exercises.
reminder to all pilots that
field, the Education Materials Center (CAP Bookstore) is now
Several of the cadets received aerial orientation flights in Cessna
c l o s i n g y o u r fl i g h t p l a n i s a s accepting orders for copies of CAP regulations and manuals.
150, Cessna 172 and Beech Bonanza airplanes and the encampment
i m p o r t a n t a s filing one,"
was hailed as one of the most successful conducted of late in the
CAP members may purchase current directives (applicable to
officials stated.
Texas wing.
squadrons and flights) as individual items or on a subscription basis.

Three .SqUadrons Camp Out

Center to Accept Requests
Manuals, Regulations

No Hit or Miss System Used
In Selecting CAP's Top Cadet
CAP National commander every
year selects a cadet to receive
CAP's Outstanding Cadet of the
Year award and the selection
used to determine the top
candidates for this high honor is
no hit or miss system, according
to Lt. Col. Donald R. Hayes,
U S A F, d i r e c t o r o f c a d e t
programs here.

In order to qualify for the
award, a cadet must have earned
the Billy Mitchell award or
highe~ awards, demonstrated
outstanding leadership and have
been selected to attend a special
activity during the current year
of selection.
Because many of the cadets
in CAP have met these
requirements, CAP's National

Group V Starts Rank Bank
For CAP Insignia Seekers
I N D i A N A PO L IS,
Ind.--Group 5, here, has started
a repository for no longer
needed insignia of grade.

Squadron to Use
Link Trainer
CHINCHILLA, Pa.--Abington
Heights Squadron 208,
Pennsylvania Wing, signed an
agreement with the Abington
Heights School District for the
~ joint use of the Link Trainer at
"tlid local high school. ....

The idea came out of the
recent promotion of the group
inspector, Capt. Larry Hearn,
who found he had an excess of
first lieutenant bars he didn't
need but was unable to locate
any insignia for his new grade.
All officers have been asked
to donate any old insignia that
t h e y m a y h a v e . " We h o p e t o
eliminate some of the cost of
promotions and make grade
insignia easier to locate
particularly for our warrant
officers," stated Lt. Col. Alan F.
Trester, group commander.

Headquarters created a system
by whieh only truly outstanding
cadets could be nominated.
The system uses an "I
Nominate Folder" to nomihate
cadets and each card in the
folder is an official nomination
and provides the necessary
information for the final
selection procedure of the
Outstanding Cadet of the Year.
E v e r y W i n g C o m m a n d e r,
through a wing selection board
uses the folder to nominate t~e
three top candidates in his urdt.
Each escort in charge of a
national special activity also
must complete the folder
nominating the top three cadets
attending the activity.

Farewell Party
BOULDER, Colo.--Approximately 100 CAP members and
guests attended a farewell party
recently for Col. Frank L. Swain
who has resigned as the
commander of the Colorado
Wing because of business
A pilot with United Airlines,
Colonel Swain has been
t ransferred to Los Angeles.,

The availability of a regulation or manual iS dependent upon item
being in print and current as determined by the office of primary
responsibility at Hq CAP--USAF.
Regulations, regardless of the number of pages, may be purchased
for $0.30 each.
Prices for manuals vary:
CAP 20--1 $1.00
CAP 39--1 $1.00
CAP 50--5 $0.7.5
CAP 50--9 $0.50
CAP 50--10 $1.00

CAP 50--11
CAP 50--15
CAP 50-16
CAP 50-20
CAP 60-1


CAP 67--1 $0.50
CAP 67--4 $0.50
CAP 100-1 $1.00
CAP 173--1 $0.75
CAP 190--1 $1.00

Subscription Service
Members may subscribe to a complete set of regulations and
manuals The first.year cost is $13.00 and renewals are $6.50 per
y e a r t h e r e a f t e r. T h e i n i t i a l f e e i s f o r a c o m p l e t e s e t o f
squadron/flight level directives and an appropriately identified
three-ring binder.
The subscriber will automatically receive changes to directives
and new directives as they are published. Changes and new directives
will be distributed monthly.
How to Order
Copies of individual regulations and manuals should be ordered
on the Bookstore Order Form. Subscriptions also should be ordered
on the Bookstore Order Form; in the body of the order form enter
the address to which future changes and new directives should be
If the Bookstore Order Form is not available, orders and
subscriptions will be accepted in letter form. All requests must be
accompanied by check or money order. Purchase orders will be
accepted immediately. Subscriptions must be submitted as a single
item. DO NOT COMBINE with other items. These are not subject to
In the event a directive is in the process of being rewritten for
near-future publications, the applicable portion of your ordcr will be
placed in 'back order' status and furnished at a later date.
CAP cadets are reminded that the greater portion of
squadron/flight level directives will be in their Phase III and Phase IV'
achievement packets.
Pamphlets and leaflets are not considered directives and are not
part of the subscription service.




National Staff College PlannedAug.8
f o u r t h a n n u a l N a t i o n a l S t a ff
College will be conducted here,
A u g . 8 - 1 4 , f o r 2 0 0
commissioned officers, warrant
officers and Spaatz award
winners understudying a senior
member staff position.
The National Staff College
objective is to develop more
effective CAP commanders and

s t a ff m e m b e r s b y o ff e r i n g a
program based on experience in
all aspects of the CAP program.
The curriculum is divided into
three areas.
The first is devoted to the
personal development of the
individual. Guest lecturers from
the Air University will give
presentations on communicative
skills, instructional techniques,

NAR Revises. Code
MAXWELL AFB, Ala.-The National Association of Rocketry
(NAR) has published a revision supplement to the 1967 edition of
its U~S. Model Rocket Sporting Code.
Civil Air Patrol Manual 50-20 includes NAR's 1967 Code but
National Headquarters does not plan to revise the manual to include
the 1970 supplement.
Members who are taking +part in the CAP Model Rocketry
Program are encouraged to order the 15-page, 50-cent supplement
direct from the NAR. The address is P.O. Box 178, McLean, Virginia

SPAATZ AWARD RECEIVED-Cadet Col. John W. Stewart
of Delaware Wing's Brandywine Cadet Squadron receives the
CAP Gen. Carl A. Spaatz award from Brig. Gen. William W.
Spraune, Delaware Air National Guard's adjutant general. The
son of Mr. and Mrs. Paul M. Stewart of Pembry, Del., is a
junior at the University of Delaware, majoring in mechanical
engineering. He is the 130th cadet to achieve the highest honor
in the CAP Cadet program. (CAP Photo)

leadership principles and group
Part two deals with the
commander, his staff and the
mission. It is a comprehensive
analysis of the CAP mission and
in response to suggestions from
previous classes, will include
expanded presentations from
The third part of the course
will investigate the nature of
aerospace. Students will hear
guest lecturers and discuss the
ac hievements, potential and
promise of the aerospace age in
whidh we live.
The National Staff College
will be housed in the Air
University's Squadron Officers
School with the use of all its
audio-visual facilities. Attendees
will be housed in the student
dormitories on Maxwelrs
Academic Circle.

A p p l i c a t i o n f o r t h e s t a f f number
b. Home address
college should be by letter to
Headquarters, CAP-USAF
c. Sex
(DOT). A copy of the
d. CAP unit and charter
application should also be sent number
e. Unit strength (Cadet)
by the applicant to his wing
f. Unit strength (Senior)
The following format must be
g. Present position in CAP
used by applicants:
h. Number of years in CAP
i. Educational background
a. Name,-rank and CAP serial

Commanders Evaluate
Current CAP Mission
WICHITA, Kans.--Commanders from 49 units reported here Jan.
23 for the Kansas Wing Commander's Call to evaluate all current
operations of the Civil Air Patrol program in the state. Addressing
t h e c o m m a n d e r s w a s L t . C o l . E r n e s t M . G r e e n , C A P, w i n g
Sessions opened at 1 p.m. at the Kansas Wing Headquarters at
535 North Market and included examination of 16 major
operational phases in the units ranging from maintenance of aircraft,
vehicles and material, to emergency services capabilities,
communications readiness, testing programs, chaplain staffing and

D E A D LY P L AY M AT E - C W O C h a r l e s J . i ( r i g h t ) , w h o m a k e s s u r e o f h i s g r i p o f t h e
Grandy, CAP, of the Cutler Cadet Squadron,
reptile. The class, under the command of Capt.
Florida Wing, shows a class of cadets attending
Fred P. Graham, is held one weekend each
the Glades Ranger and Survival School the
month in the Florida Everglades for wing
fangs of a water moccasin to illustrate some of personnel involved in ground search and rescue
the dangers encountered in the wilds. Assisting missions. (CAP Photo from the Florida Wing)
in the demonstration is Cadet Bob Dehnert

Kentucky Cadet
Earns Scholarship
L O U I S V I L L E , K y. - - C a d e t
Lt. Col. David W. Stamps of the
St. Matthews Composite
Squadron, here has been
awarded a two year Air Force
ROTC scholarship.
A student at the University of
Louisville, Stamps won the
award in competition against
other ROTC cadets at the
University. The award was for
academic achievement and

S P O N S O R S R E C E I V E C E R T I F I C AT E S - T h e s p o n s o r
committee members of the Burges Cadet Squadron at El Paso,
Texas, receive Civil Air Patrol Sponsor certificates from
C/Capt. Leonard Shimsock at a ceremony at Ft. Bliss Officers
Open Mess. Committee members (from left) are Lt. Cols.
Frank McKinney, USAFR, Gary Presemer, USAF, Ct)ls. Cecil

C. McFarland, USAF Ret.,Fred R. Lafferty, USAF Ret.,Brig.
Gen. M. I. Marks, USAF Ret., M.D. and Lt. Gen. Howard A.
Craig, USAF Ret. Colonel McFarland is committee chairman,
Burges Cadet Squadron advisor and an aerospace teacher at
Burges High School. (CAP Photo)
, ~





(Reprinted from "Aerospace Safety")
ahe following exchange took place
at a major airport serving all
kinds of private, commercial and

military traffic. It vividly illustrates
why pilots must keep their "head
out of the cockpit," especially
around airports. (The identification
o/ the light aircra/t has been altered. Ed.)
1 6 2 7 H o n o l u l u To w e r : C e s s n a
123 report left downwind, Runway 4.
1 6 2 8 H o n o l u l u To w e r : 1 2 3 , r e port left downwind Runway 4.
Cessna 123: Roger, this is Cessna 123. Please repeat and explain.
dHonolulu Tower: Cessna 123,
what is your request?
Cessna 123: I don't know what
you mean by what you said.
H o n o l u l u To w e r : W h a t d o y o u
want? Do you want to come in for
a landing?


Cessna 123: Yes.
H o n o l u l u To w e r : O . K . I w a n t
you to report on the left downwind
for Runway 4. Over.
Cessna 123: On a left downwind? I don't know what you mean.
Honolulu Towe~': You don't know
what a left downwind is?
Cessna 123 : No.
H o n o l u l u To w e r : O . K . , w h e r e
are you now?
Cessna 123: I am coming over
the golf course.
Honolulu Tower: O.K., you want
to turn right and fly a southwest
Cessna 123: O.K.
At this time another aircraft intervened: I am over the golf course
and I don't see him.
H o n o l u l u To w e r : C e s s n a
rock your wings.


H o n o l u l u To w e r : C e s s n a
rock your wings. Over.


H o n o l u l u To w e r : O . K . I have
you in sight. Come toward the tower
and fly your present heading. I will
tell you when to turn.
Cessna 123: Roger.
H o n o l u l u To w e r : C e s s n a 1 2 3 ,

7. Keep windshields clear.
The peak of the winter season
is past and spring may be just Frosted or fogged-over windows
can lead you into hazardous
over the horizon but regardless
of ground-hog predictions a lot circumstances.
of winter weather is yet to be
8. Winter brings high, gusty
winds, and calls for caution in
T h e w e a t h e r c a n s t i l l b e taxiing, take-errs, and landings.
pretty unpredictable with nasty D o n o t e x c e e d p i l o t o r p l a n e
storms yet to come so this is no limitations.
9. Be alert for rapid weather
time to get complacent and
i g n o r e g o o d ~ w i n t e r fl y i n g changes, often unforecast,
1 0 . Av o i d s c a t t e r e d s n o w
If you've been flying pretty s h o w e r s , t h e y m a y b e q u i t e
heavy in intensity, and result in
regularly throughout the winter,
instrument conditions.
the time may be ripe for a
11 . Av o i d p r o l o n g e d
twinge at the old safety nerve. If
your flying has been somewhat power-off approaches; engines
curtailed during the worst part c o o l r a p i d l y a n d m a y n o t
respond when power is needed.
of the winter, it would be wise
to review some winter flying tips Use power approaches when
as you're lured into the air by feasible.
the improving weather.
12. Use extreme care when
landing; drifting snow may leave
Whatever the situation, the
deep ridges, often not noticeable
following checklist is printed
hopefully to help you through f r o m t h e a i r. U s e s o f t fi e l d
t h e r e s t o f t h e w i n t e r fl y i n g techniques when landing in snow
of any amount.
1. Remove any ice, snow or
13. If in doubt about the
frost from aircraft prior~ to surface conditions, whether
taxiing off, or landing, don't do
2. Be alert to snow-covered it.
obstructions on the ground.
14. Winter flying can be fun
3. Remain aware of braking and safe, if we are careful and
conditions caused by ice and plan ahead.
4. Keep fuel tanks full to
avoid moisture condensing inside Hawaii Involved
them when aircraft is stored,
regardless of length of time in
5. Carefully inspect heaters squadrons throughout the state
and mufflers for cracks--carbon participated in a Civil Defense
monoxide is deadly.
emergency exercise staged
6 . B e a l e r t f o r fi r e w h e n recently.
starting overprimed
This was the first time that a
engines--have proper equipment CAP-CD exereise held in Hawaii
on hand with personnel to
required the relocation of CAP
: o p e r a t e i t ~ . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . squadrons. - ~ ................ :., -

In CD Exercise

Cessna 123: Roger.
Honolulu Tower: Cessna 123, do
you see the Cessna ahead and to
your left on a base leg over the
H i c k a m G o l f C o u r s e ? O v e r.

Cessna 123: Roger.

Winter May Be Waning
But Weather Still 'Here

turn right to a southwest heading
now. Southwest about 220 degrees.

Cessna 123: I can't see what you

Cessna 123: I can't spot him.
The sun . . . There he is. Yeah!
H o n o l u l u To w e r : O . K . F o l l o w
him. Wherever he goes, you go.
You can start a base leg anytime.
Cessna 123: Roger.
H o n o l u l u To w e r : C e s s n a 1 2 3 ,
clear to land Runway 4R. Land on
the same runway the Cessna did.

mean---over the Golf Course.

Cessna 123: Roger.
Heads up! *

H o n o l u l u To w e r : D o y o u s e e
the Cessna over the Hickam Golf
Course about to turn over Runway
4? Over.

Contributed by:
Maj Thomas E. Boyle,
6486th Air Base Wing.

Members Graduate From ARRS

Search -AndR escue Course
Mo.--Thirty-three members of
seven Civil Air Patrol wings
graduated recently from the
second rescue operations
seminar conducted here by
members of the 43rd Aerospace
Rescue and Recovery Squadron.

operations conducted ill his
At the one day seminar were
home state.
CAP. members from Colorado,
Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri,
The first of such seminars was
Nebraska, North Dakota and
conducted last November for 24
W y o m i n g . E a c h i n d i v i d u a l members of the New Mexico
attending was directly
responsible for some vital role in
In all 18 states are scheduled
aerial search and rescue
to participate in the seminars, a
p i o n e e r e ff o r t l a u n c h e d a s a
national first by the men of the
43rd. Overall project officer for
these seminars is Capt. John
Cody, USAF, a rescue controller
with the 43rd ARRS.
A study completed earlier
this past year indicated a large
degree of success in SAR efforts.
Lt. Col. A. C. Neimeyer, search
and rescue, explained that it was
noted that through improved
methods of notification,
communication and mission
procedures, perhaps more lives
could be saved.


SECTIONAL CHART CHECK-Col. Fred Wood (left), Indiana.
wing commander, 1st. Lts. Vern Opelt, information officer
and William Welch, executive officer, go over a sectional chart
before going on a training flight over Indiana. (CAP Photo)

"V J & ~ I
I l ~ l t

Earn B.S. from fully accredited coed
school located where there's 300 flying
days per year.
M a l o r o r m i n o r p r o g r a m s o ff e r i n g
Commercial and Private Pilot Certificates, Instrument Rating, Flight and

Instrument Instructor Certificates,
Flight Engineer Certificates and Airf r a m e & P o w e r p l a n t Te c h n o l o g y a l o n g
with regular liberal arts college
Write Director of Admissions, Dept, B

SOUTHEASTERN STATE COLLEGE/OUeA.r, OK~ ~4m 90 m,. eo. of D~ias

We carry the most complete stock of CAP supplies at guaranteed,savings.
All new item= in stock.
We stock sew-on cadet
officers rank insignias
end sew-on wings of oll
Send now ,for your free
CAP carnies.

8 WEST 26TH 5TRErr
NEW YORK, N.Y. 10010

PAGE 13 "



SAR Effectiveness Test


~"'%~ (D)

Emphasis Is Changing
I n t h e p a s t y e a r, C i v i l A i r
Patrol, through agreements with
the Federal Aviation
Administration and state
aviation agencies, has accepted
greater commitments in support
o f t h e i r m i s s i o n s . To i n s u r e
CAP's preparedness, the
emphasis during SAR
effectiveness evaluations has
been changed to allow training
and upgrading of personnel
during the tests. The need for
qualified mission coordinators
has become acute because of
commitments to the EARDA
Plan, for example.
Criteria for the National
Commander's Evaluation have
been changed to award points
for training accomplished both
before and during the
evaluation. A wing will now
receive 100 points for the test
regardless of the total test score.
Points gained in other areas will
now reflect the training achieved
during the mission.
For example, in order to
provide adequate training
situations, multiple operating
locations are encouraged and 25
points are awarded in the
Commander's Evaluation for
each operating location up to a

total of 100 points. Multiple
operating locations will allow
more mission coordinators to be
upgraded during the test.
Tw e n t y - fi v e p o i n t s a l s o a r e
awarded for each mission
coordinator upgraded. Another
25 points also can be earned for
each member who has
completed a training course
leading to mission coordinator
upgrading before the test. The
maximum score for each of
these categories is 150 points,
Another new area to be
scored on the revised CAP Form
12 will be the exercising of
ground rescue teams. This
important aspect of the SAR
mission was not tested before
and ground teams will be

expected to demonstrate
proficiency in their tasks to
communications. They should
also be prepared to treat
simulated casualties.
SAR objectives will now
include a crash locator beacon
and 100 points will be awarded
in the Commander's Evaluation
f o r t h e i r u s e . T h i s w i l l a ff o r d
training in beacon search
procedures, an area of growing
importance in search and rescue.
The change in emphasis will
allow wing commanders to
improve their SAR capability
during effectiveness evaluations
without hazarding their score on
the National Commander's

Most of the material on these two pages (pages 12 and 13), of
interest to pilots, is supplied by the Directorate of Operations at
CAP National Headquarters and is taken, in part, from FAA
publications and directives.

If there is any one thing that
will get an argument started in a
~ ~ i t ' s fl a p s .
How much flap should be
used on final approach? Should
they be used for take-off?. What
about gusty winds and short
field landings? Ask these
questions of 10 pilots and you
may get 12 different answers
when they're through hedging
with "unless," "except when,"
and "if."
Why this flap about flaps and
why don't pilots agree on a set
To begin with, there is no set
procedure on when to use flaps
or how much when you do. For
example, the Cessna 150 before
landing checklist specifies "wing
flaps--as desired below 100
mph." Except for the airspeed
limitation that's about as
non-specific as you can get. No
wonder people disagree.
Further back in Section II,
the 150 owner's manual says
that 10 degrees of flaps will
shorten the ground run distance
approximately 10 percent but
the advantage is lost in the climb
to a 50-foot obstacle. Therefore
10 degrees of flaps should only
be used for minimum ground
runs or soft fields with no
obstacles. Flap settings of 30
and 40 degrees are never
recommended for take-off.
Why should a few degrees of
flap shorten the ground run and
why is the advantage lost when
there's an obstacle to climb
over? Why not 40 degrees of flap
for take-off? These questions are
best answered by explaining how
flaps work.
Let's start with some basic
aerodynamics. A wing gets most
%f~ ~,-]J~,b~ ~a£ its ~amb er,

a measure of the curve of an
airfoil seen in cross section.
Basically, the greater the camber
the greater the lift. This is very
nice, but like everything else,
you never get something for
nothing and while lift increases
w i t h c a m b e r, s o d o e s d r a g .
U n f o r t u n a t e l y, d r a g g o e s u p
faster than lift.
So the airplane designer has
to make one of many
compromises when he designs
the wing. To achieve a tolerable
cruise speed with the thrust
available he has to sacrifice lift
to reduce drag. Of course it's
also desirable to land as slowly
as possible so the ideal situation
would be to have two sets of
win~, c, ae for cruise and one for
This is where flaps come in,
or should we say go out. When
you lower flaps you're actually
changing the shape of the aizrfoil;
increasing the camber and
getting more lift. Since flaps are
USUALLY used during landing
approaches (notice that we're
hedging too) you're more
interested in slowing the aircraft
and the drag can be
compensated by power.
Besides lowering the landing
speed, the use of flaps also
makes steeper approaches
possible, again the result of the
added drag. The angle of descent
can still be adjusted by using
pow,!~:~ ~hough.
~y now you may be asking,
"If t~:~ps create all this drag, how
co~e 1~3 degrees of flap will
shor~rt take-off rolls and why
are t~ey recommended fur soft
field Lake-offs?" The answer is
easy--because the flaps reduce
the drag! Sounds like
double-talk but remember










(B) ~





( / ~(c}

to (E)

- -









Beacon Search Easy
With An AGC Meter
(NOTE: The following article
is reprinted from the August
1970 issue of Civil Air Patrol
News to reemphasize beacon
searches in preparation for the
new SAR Effectiveness
This article, the second on
procedures for finding a downed
aircraft which has a locator
beacon installed, covers the

. "180-90 degrees" search pattern.
there's drag and then there's ....... The pattern, similar" ~o ~he
one previously described which
drag. There's induced drag, the
used only a radio receiver, also is
penalty paid for lift caused by
camber. There's parasitic drag based on varying~ignal strength
from skin friction and anything but requires an ad~litional device
in the search air, raft. This is.a
else that disrupts the airflow.
simple AGC (automatic gain
D u r i n g t a k e - o ff r o l l y o u a l s o
have landing gear drag caused by~ control) meter.
The meter gives a visual
the wheels being in contact with
presentation of the signal
the ground. In soft snow or
strength being received. By
rough ground this landing gear
flying the indicated search
drag will be the real booger that
pattern the AGC meter-equipped
keeps you from accelerating to
search and rescue aircraft can fly
liftoff speed and makes short
r u n w a y s s h o r t e r. T h e o t h e r to the point of strongest signal
strength--over the beacon.
forms of drag will be less
Referring to the diagram, the
important in this case so any
procedure is as follows:
way to get weight off the wheels
1. The pattern begins at Point
will help. How do you decrease
(A) where the emergency beacon
weight? Lift it by increasing the
signal is identified and the AGC
value notes.
Since 10 degrees give the best
lift to drag ratio you'll reduce
the landing gear drag more than
you'll increase the induced drag
a n d g e t a i r b o r n e e a r l i e r.
Remember though, that once
airborne, landing gear drag drops
MAXWELL AFB, Ala.--Three
to zero and the greater induced
Civil Air Patrol officers were
drag from the flaps will lower
graduated from the Allied
your rate of climb, hence the
Officers Weapons and Space
admonishment about the 50
Orientation Course here on Jam
foot obstacle in the owner's
The course, which was
One final topic: flaps and
presented by the Air University
Institute for Professional
We ' v e a l r e a d y n o t e d t h a t
Development, provided students
using flaps makes slower landing
with a general understanding of
speeds l~ssible. However, don't
forget that lower airspeeds mean U . S . s p a c e a n d w e a p o n s
programs. The five-day course
lower dynamic pressures on the
included instruction on physical
control surfaces. In practical
laws governing space flight,
terms this means the ailerons,
propulsion systems, and
elevators, and rudder are less
effective and it takes more c o n v e n t i o n a l
movement to correct for sudden
Civil Air Patrol attendees
wing gusts. So when using flaps
w h i l e l a n d i n g i n r o u g h a i r o r were Lt. Col. Axel Altberg, of
crosswinds be even more alert t h e A l a b a m a W i n g ; L t . C o l .
Eugene McCardle, of ,~e~]~.e~,
than usual.--(DOT)

2. Hold constant heading and
altitude while recording location
and AGC values at periodic
intervals on any appropriate
3. Aircraft will pass through
area of maximum signal level
(B), and continue to the point of
signal fadeout, (C)
4. Conduct a 180-degree turn
and return to the point of
highest signal level, (B).
5. Conduct a 90-degree turn
either right or left.
6: If signal diminishes,
conduct a 180-degree turn and
return toward the beacon, (D).
7. After passing over the area
of highest signal level, (E),
continue past approximate
beacon's location to obtain a
ddfinite decrease in signal level.
8. Conduct a 180-degree turn
and return to point of highest
signal level for intensified search.
In mountainous terrain where
the beacon signal may fluctuate,
the pattern may have to be
repeated on different headings
to locate the beacon accurately.
The pattern also can be used
by aurally measuring signal
strength but the AGC meter
gives a more

CAP Officers Are Graduated
From Air University Course
York Wing; and W.O. Casimir
Mroz of the Illinois Wing.
A bonus for the CAP
members was meeting and
exchanging views with their
fellow students, allied officers
from 14 different nations. The
class included officers from
Bolivia, Republic of China,
Denmark, Ethiopia, Greece,
Indonesia, Iran, Korea, Laos,
Lebanon, Malaysia, Thailand,
Turkey and Vietnam.
A limited number of spaces
for the class meeting April 26
through April 30 will be
available to Civil Air Patrol
officers. Interested members
should apply by letter through
their wing commander to
National Headquarters (DOT)~



~ ! :

~ ! ~



Tree Sale
Nets Cash
For Fund

Weaver, the former cadet r.ommander of the North Syracuse
Cadet Squadron, New York Wing, receives the American Spirit
H o n o r M e d a l f r o m M a j . T h o m a s E . R a n d a l l , U S A F, a t
c e r e m o n i e s a t L a c k l a n d A F B , Te x a s . S e l e c t e d f r o m
approximately 1,000 basic airmen at the Air Force training
installation, Weaver earned the medal for demonstrating
leadership and best reflecting the American spirit of honor,
=loyalty and high example to comrades in arms. The American
Spirit Honor Medal is sponsored by the Citizen's Committee
for the Army, Air Force and Navy. (Air Force Photo)

ASHLAND, Ore.--Presentation of certificates to four
outstanding cadets, discussion
on finances and new training
program highligh.ted the recent
Ashland Squadron meeting at
Walker elementary school.
Certificates of proficiency as
small aircraft ground handler,
traffic director and fireman were
received by cadets James Cady,
J e f f P e t e r s o n a n d H u g h F.
Simpson. Cadet Mike Lockridge
received his certificate for
communications and electronics.
Cady also was promoted to
Major John J. Cady, squadron
commander, reported the unit
earned $500 on the sale of
Christmas trees bringing the
building fund total to $1,200.
SM Ed Nelson, senior cadet
training pilot, presented the
safety code of the American
Society of Engineers to the
cadets, explaining the meaning
and necessity for observing good
safety practices. Capt. Sue Cady,
s e n i o r e x e c u t i v e o f fi c e r,
explained the record keeping
procedures required by the new
training program.

Maryland Mourns Loss of Captain
Clinton K. Hughes, a member of
the Frederick Composite
Squadron, Maryland Wing, died
Dec. 29, after suffering a severe
stroke two days earlier. He was
56 years old and a CAP member
nearly 10 years.
He joined in February 1961
and served as supply officer,
ground rescue officer and active
advisor and participant in
Maryland Wing's Ranger
program where he taught ground
rescue techniques to Frederick
Squadron personnel.
A communications
enthusiast, he served as a net
control station monitor for most
of western Maryland and
established and operated a daily
net for the Frederick-Hagerstown area--the only daily net
within the wing conducted at
squadron level.
During his career, Captain
Hughes participated in more
t h a n 5 0 R E D C A P, S A R a n d
Civil Defense missions. He
earned the Senior Member
Certificate of Proficiency and
the CAP Meritorious Service
Award in 1968.
A man who practices his
training, he was credited with
saving life on several occasions.
He once rescued a child from a
burning house when he came on
the scene while delivering mall,
and in 1969 helped save another
child's life by rushing it to
hospital in a snowmobile he
borrowed to accomplish the
mission-in a severe snowstorm.
The same year, the U.S. Coast
Guard cited him for his efforts
which ultimately led to the
rescue of eight crewmen aboard
a yacht stranded in the Bay of
Fundy between Nova Scotia and
New Brunswick. Captain Hughes
picked up a distress call on his

Citizens Band radio and relayed
the call that resulted in the~crew:
being rescued by Coast Guard.

HIGH .FLYER-Capt. Larry Loos (center), Eastern Kansas
Group model rocketry project officer, explains the ejection
change of the Cherokee D-powered model to cadets MSgt. C.
Ned Keller (left) and C/B Edward Michael, at a meeting of the
Miami County Composite Squadron. Loos was recently
appointed state director for Kansas, Mo., for the Mid-America
Division of the National Association of Rocketry (NAR).
Through the help of NAR's Midwest Rocket Research
Association, six squadrons in Group VII are establishing an
NAR section in Overland Park. (CAP Photo by MSgt. Wayne
Philipp, Johnson County Composite Squadron)

Book Store Announces
Ending of Discounts
Educational Materials Centerhas
announced that discounts now
being allowed on orders from
the Center will be discontinued
beginning Mar. 1.

Captain Hughes is survived by
his wife, 1~o~ehi~~~~ ~squadzons~who~
deduct [he discount from orders
on and ~/fter Mar. 1 will be sent a
debit ~n emoranclum-requ esti~ng
full payment.

orders, is being discontinued as a
result of the new program's
requirement that materials be
ordered in individual packets.

Cadets Awarded,
IVin Promotions .....

D O Y L E S T O W N , P & - - Te n
Doylestown Cadets received the
Gen. J.F. Curry Award and their
The discount, originally promotion to Cadet Airman
offered to encourage .bulk
after completing Phase I of the
CAP Aerospace Education
Program recently.
The cadets now enter Phase
II, which is a six category
self-study program leading to the
Gen. Billy Mitchell Award. After
completing Phase II and
receiving the Mitchell award
cadets may apply for
A M A R I L L O , Te x a s - M o r e s c h o l a r s h i p s , fl y i n g
than 30 medical doctors have
encampments, International Air
responded to advertisements
Cadet Exchange and many other
placed in nine leading
medical/osteopathic journals and
The cadet program is
shown interest in volunteering
conducted by cadets for cadets,
their services to units in Civil Air
under the supervision of
qualified senior members.
Behind the drive to recruit
the doctors is Lt. Col. Gerard K. Squadron Engaged
Nash, CAP, medical officer of
Headquarters, Group 1, Texas In Letter Drive
Wing, who placed the
WAT E R B U RY, C o n n . - - T h e
advertisement in the journals.
W aterbury-Wolcott Composite
Squadron of the Connecticut
Colonel Nash said the names
Wing participated in an
of the individuals who
responded to the advertisement important project in response to
President Nixon's request for
will be sent to the appropriate
wings who in turn will provide s u p p o r t o f t h e l e t t e r w r i t i n g
appeal by all Americans asking
the necessary information on the
humane treatment for American
CAP programs and activities.
POW's and M IA's.

Doctors Respond
To Advertisement
For CAP Service

WINNERS-Members of the New Mexico Wing's Thunderbird
Cadet Sqhadron display the trophy they won in a recent
state-wide drill competition. The team was judged the best in
military inspection, standard and freestyle drill phases of the
competition. (CAP Photo)





CAP Announces
Award Winners
The following is a list of Amelia Earhart and Billy Mitchell award'
winners for December.
Amelia Earhart Awards - 14 B/F
Northeast Region
A r t l l u r O . H . D a m m e r s , B r i a n G . E v e r h a r t , E u g e n e G . K e m o e Y, A n t h o n y
S c a l i s e , M a r y A . C s e s e l k a , R o s s F. S c h r i f t m a n , K e n n e t h L , H u m m e l , B r u c e E .
Matheny and Raymond G, Wells.

Middle East Region
D o u g l a s M . S t e p h e n s o n , K a t h l e e n A . F l e e g e r, M e l a n i e R . M o r r i s o n , M i c h a e l
A. White, Jeffery /~. Hunt, Kevin E. Davenport, Thomas D. Moffitt, Sheldon
L. Kociol, Jeffrey M. Rubin,
S t e v e D . B e r r y , M i t c h e l l I . L e w i s , M a r k T. M a t t h e w s , T h o m a s S . M a t t h e w s ,
L a v e r n H . P a b s t J r . , R o b e r t L . S m i t h , D a v i d W . H o o v e r , F r a n k A . To t h ,
J o s e p h C . B a t e m a n a n d J o e l W. M i l l e r.

Great Lakes Region
B e r t M . B a s s f o r d , D a n W . H e l s p e r , L a r r y E . E a s e , Te r r y A , E a s e , Te r r y A .
Wales, James M. Bartel, Mark D. Lehrman,
K e v i n E . B e n n e t , J o h n M . P i n t a r, S c o t t M . B o i k o , P e g g y A . K u d l a , S t e v e n
e a t o n , Te r e n c e K e l l e r , R i c k y L . T u r n e y, R a n d y G l e n n , B r i a n W . R a d l i f f e ,
Robert L. Pollock,
Patricia A. Zitella, Alan D, Moran, Lonnie S. Keene, James A. McGowan,
F r a n k E . P l e l i , D a v i d H . S p e n n e r, J o h n W. Z a c e k a n d M i c h a e l E . L u t y.

Southeast Region
B r u c e A . C l a r k , J o h n J . C r o w l e y , A l a n T. H a s e m e y e r , W a l t e r L . K e n n e d y ,
T h o m a s L . i c C r i c k a r d I I I , K e n n e t h W . M u r p h y, C a r y E . Ta y l o r , D a v i d L .
W i l k e r s o n , J a m e s W. R e a g a n ,
A n d r e M . D a l l a u , R a y m o n d E . B e n c e , D a n i e l B e s s , D o n n a R o f m b y,
B e r t r a m S . L i p s e y, G l e n n H a s h , D e b r a A . N e w m a n ,
S u s a n E . O l d h a m , J e r r y R , Wa l l e r, M i c h a e l R . R o i t m a n , R o b e r t M . B y e r s ,
Wa r r e n S . M c E a e h e r n D o u g l a s G . L a Ve r n e , D e n n i s N . D o d d
C h a r l e s H . To l l e t t , M e l v i n S . B a l l , G i t b e r t o B r a c e r o , F r a n c i s c o R i v e r a ,
Myrna M. Rivera, Victor E. Menendez, Jorge A. Esteban, Eloina Ortiz, Violet a
Camacho, Reinaldo Franqui, Rosalina Ramirez, Jose A. Rodrlguez, William
R o d r i g u e z , N e l l y T i r a d o a n d S a n t a Va r g a s .
J o h n n i e M o r a l e s , B u d d y W. C a n d e l a r i o a n d J o s e R a l a t .

North Central Region
R o b e r t S . L e n t z , C h a r l e s G . Vo l k , B r u c e A . L a f f e r t y, A r m a n d o H . J o n e s ,
Kendrick Blais, William A. Ludwig, Gene McClain, Robert G. McKim,
Katherine A. Marts, Carol A. Polhemus, Gary L. Copsey and Maureen B.
O ' R e i l l y.

Southwest Region
Philip J. Gerke, Dale E. Bernelle, David E.
Richardson, Robert C. Krust and Arnie R. Mengel.

Brassfield, Robert L.

Rocky Mountain Region
Edward D. Frushour, Helen M. Bischoff, David R. Brock, Faith S.
Hamilton, Brian G. Andreja, George R. Cooper and Richard A. Phelps.

Pacific Region
M a r k L . L u p f e r , J o n e l l e M . R o p o l o , G r e g o r y G . B r u n o , B r u c e P. J a c k s o n ,
Michael E. Bohne, Kenneth L. Hartwell, Philtip L. Stephenson, Daniel
M i y a ~ h ~ r ~ , ~ D a n M . To y o f u k u , M y l e s A z e k a , J o h n H . C a m p b e l l , W i l l i a m B .
~ . - - - d g ' I L ~ r d s o n J r. a n d K e n n e t h A . F e r r a r a .

R o b e r t F. H e n r y, R o b y T. H a s t e y, A I E . F e r r e i r a , G a r y M . H i n c h l i f f e ,
R a y m o n d R . P r o n o v o s t , i a u r e e n E . C r o w l e y, J o h n M . C u n n i n g h a m , H e n r y J .
R ~ b D a v i d M . L u c a s , S u s a n E . S c h u l t z , S u z a n n e B . R a p p , R o b e r t P. B e y e t t e ,
E i l lee~tt~YtDunn,
Jeffrey M. Biasuzzi, Richard W. Wegman, Steven D. Compton, Edward
C h i n , P a u l H . J a r n u t o w s k i , R o b e r t F . Y a n i c h k o , F r a n c i s D . P e r r Y, E d w a r d F .
Fulmer, Joseph C. Hrin, Steven S. McConnell, Mary E. Scott, Cheryl L.
S w o p e , L a r r y S . D r a p e r,
H u g o A . F i c c a J r. , T h o m a s A . F r y e , J o s e p h A . M i l l e r, Wa r r e n D . L e v i n e ,
John R. Davis, Gary J. Salamon, Russell D. Sanders, Collin J. Shrift, Warren A.
Hyman, Sharon K. Mazzocca and Paul R. Zito.


DOWNED AIRCRAFT-Cessna 150 stands on
its nose (L). The crash killed the pilot. T/Sgt.
Roy McFadden (L), SM Jim Depree (C) and

Capt Wilson Rawlings examine the aircraft
cockpit atop a wooded hill at Gray, Ky. (CAP

London Paces SAR For Plane
LONDON, Ky.--Pilots from
the London Composite
Squadron paced aerial search
and rescue activities as the
Kentucky Wing became engaged
in its first and only massive
REDCAP for 1970. Subject of
the search was a Cessna 150,

Heaviland Named
Group Commander
LAWRENCE, Ind.--Lt Col.

Frederick C. Heaviland, CAP,
assumed command of
Indianapolis Group 5 of the
Indiana Wing, during the annual
group banquet last month in

piloted by Jarvis Hoe of Albany,
Ky., reported five days overdue
on a flight from Russell Springs
to Albany.
Search planes piloted by CAP
SMs Bob Terrell and Ray Reams
located the downed airplane
atop of a high ridge at Gray,
Ky., southeast of London and

approximately 100 miles off the
scheduled flight pattern. Also
engaged in the search was TSgt.
Roy McFadden, an observer on

G r a y, L o n d o n C o m p o s i t e
S q u a d r o n ' s s u b - b a s e
c o m m a n d e r, w h o r e c e i v e d a l e a d
f r o m S M Te r r e l l p l a c i n g t h e
aircraft far to the east of the
expected flight pattern.
The day after CAP teams
r e m o v e d t h e b o d y, a n o t h e r t e a m
l e d F e d e r a l A v i a t i o n
Administration and Civil Airline
Board officials to the crash site
to investigate the accident,

one of the two spotter planes.
A ground rescue team from

the London Composite
Squadron braved freezing rain to
climb to the crash site and
remove the body to a waiting
He succeeded Lt Col. Alan F.
A qualified flight instructor,
Trester, CAP, who has held the
post since 1964 and has elected Hoe failed to file a flight plan
to r~r~altr~ff~h-~ ~.o-t~p~-s----before leaving RusselF Springs -causing CAP search and rescue
executive officer
efforts to be delayed five days.
communications officer,
Credit for ~racing the downed
Before being named Group
C o m m a n d e r, H e a v i l a n d w a s airplane in the close~p~oximity
group executive officer,
of the crash went ~o Ma], Ruth

Martir A. Kringdom, Nancy Melendez, Wilfredo Perez, Jaime Pizarro,
M i g d o e l R o d r i g u e z , R a m o n R u i z , B e n j a m i n S e b a s t i a n , E d w i n Va l e n t i n ,
C a r m e n Va l l e , M y r n a G a l a r z a , M a r t i n M u n i z , E l s i e N i g a g l i o n i , N i d i a N i g a g l i o n i ,
V i c t o r R o s a , F r e d d y I . P e r e z F r a n c i s c o Y a l l e l t a n e s , N i c o l a s To r o , A w i l d a C a y ,
J O S e l J h A . S c h f o e d e l , M a r k A . S w e e t i n g , J o h n P. V i n c i g u e r r a , L l o y d W .
To m a s O j e d a , A n g e l R o j a s , R a f a e l R o j a s , Yo l a n d a Ta r r a t s , L u i s A . D e J e s u s ,
Wa r r i n g t o n J r. , D o n a l d D . Wy m a n , D a v i d J . M a r t i n , J e a n M . H a y d e n ,
Carlos Garced, Vidal Gomez, Ramon Gonzalez, Rau Lopez, Ruben nobles,
Gary C. HartlauD, Gregory H. Cook, Don H. LIovd, Larmont M. Smith,
Jose Santiago, Daniel Suarcz, Diego Campis, Enery Lopez, Juan B. Pacheco,
M i l t o n T. S l i e r , M o n t r o s e A . W a t e r s , A n g e l y a M . H u n t , K e i t h E . D a v e n p o r t ,
Esther Padilla, Miguel Perez, Frank Ponce, Santos Rodriguez, Roberto Troche,
G e o r g e W. A n d e r s o n , S t a n l e y M . E d w a r d s , J e r r y M . M o o r e fi e t d , Ti m o t h y J .
J o s e H e r n a n d e z , A n g e l O . B a r b o s a , L u i s A . N a p o l e o n y, E d g a r d o P o r r a t a ,
S u l l i v a n , R o b e r t L . M c E i n n e y,
Benito Arocho, Justina Gonzalez, Neftali Gonzalez, Sandra Hernandez,
P r e s t o n E . W i l s o n , J a n A . B r i t t i n g h a m , D a v i d P. D u n n , G e o r g e D . R i t e n o u r ,
Carmen L. Lorenzo, Miguel Muniz,
D e b o r a h A . D a l t o n , W a l t e r T. B u r h a m , B e n j a m i n W . T u r n e r : V i r g i l G . H u g h e s ,
E f r a i n R i v e r a , D a i s y L . Va r g a . s , C a r m e n D . D i a z , C a r l o s S . L e b r o n , E f r a i n
Barbara L. Widman, Richard E. DeBusk,
L e b r o n , L u i s M . R i v e r a , I s u e l A c o s t a , A n g e l R . A y a l a , W i l f r e d o F e r r e y, L u i s
Cynthis J. Arbaugh, Carl D. Brewer, Randall J. Bumgardner, Vicki L.
I r i z a r r y, H a u l i e n d e z , M a n u e l A . i o r i l l o , J o s e O l m e d a , J o s e O . P a g a n ,
K e n n e d y, R o n a l d L . B o w m a n , R o b e r t L . S m i t h , S D o n a l d A . J a m i s o n , D a v i d H .
W i l f r e d o B e r m u d e z , E r i c C o l o n , J o s e G . C r i s t y, M a r c o G a l i n d o , J u a n A .
Schultz, Wanda G. Trent, Barbara A. Weed and James B. Guice.
Gonzalez, Jose R. Lopez-Cepero, Richard Maisonet, Eddie McFaline, Ernesto
Great Lakes Region
Lionel A. Neptune, J. M. Rodriguez, Ruben Soto, Pastor Baez, Julio
E u g e n e J . D ' A m b r o s i o , H a r o l d F, W i l k i n s o n , D a v i d W . K n i e r i e m , J o s e p h J .
S u l i e r , D o n A . G a r e e , M a r k S i g n o r e l l i , P a u l S i g n o r ~ l l i , M i c h a e l P. M u r r a y , B a s a b e , H e c t o r E l i a s , L a u r a G r a n a d o , I v a n R i v e r a , F e r n a n d o R o s a , G l a d y s
S a n t i a g o , D e n n i s Va i l l a n u e v a , E i l e e n C a r l o , J u a n F u e n t e s , R i c h a r d L a b o y,
. D e n i s e M . S t e e l e , K a t h l e e n A . H a g e r, P a u l a H i g g i n s , L e o n a r d A . P a l k a , Yv o n n e
J a i m e L o v r i d o , Te d fi l o M a l d o n a d o , L e t i c i a M o r a l e s , L u i s O t e r o , A d o l f o
H . Ve r b u r g t ,
Robledo, Eddie Medina, Nerelda Ramps, Sarahi Rivera, Norma I. Alicea, Elsie
Jon R. Offringa, Robert B. Kolanowski, Carlos M. Villanova, George G.
B o r d o n , G e r a l d p . W y a t t , J o h n D . W y a t t , B r e n d a F. G l e n n , L e o n a r d J . Cruz, Maria I. De Jesus, Manuel Rivera and Marguerite Frick.
Homola, Thomas R. Reed, Patricia A. Barnes, Patricia L. McShane, Steven M.
North Central Region
Shelton, Matthew J. McDermott, William J. Sherron, non L. Heck, Ronald G.
S t e p h e n R . M e y e r, M a r k M . H a r p e r, L e e M a r t i n , G r e g A . G r e e n , W i l l i a m M .
H e n a r d , H o w a r d M . M a t e r , T i m o t h y T. P r i l l , D a n i e l C . S c h r o e d e r , G r e g o r y D .
B o w d e n , C a r m e n Yo u n g , Te d J . C u t r o n e , D a v i d L . D e w i t t , A n n a - M a r i e B o a s ,
S e l l e r s , J u l i a n L . S h e p a r d , R o b e r t W. H a g a d o r n , C h a r l e s E . L o v e j o y, D o n n i e L . "
M i c h a e l K . W i l l i a m s , E d w i n A . E r i c k s o n , R o g e r W. F e t t e r l y, K e v i n A . S h e e h a n ,
J o h n E . T h o m p s o n , T h o m a s N . T h o m p s o n , R i c k e y G . K r u e g e r , J o h n T.
W i l l i a m D . R o b i n s o n , P a u l C . L o c k e y, P a t r i c i a G . N e w t o n , K a t h e r i n e A .
H a i n e s , M i c h a e l W i l l i a m H u t t n e r, G r e g o r y H . Va n c e , G r e g o r y W. R o b e r t s ,
B a r a n , R o n a l d B . B a r a n , M i c h a e l J . G e i g e r, R i c h a r d R . S c h i m i z z e , D e n i s e J .
P a t r i c i a P. V a n C u r e n , P a u l W ; G e r h a r d t , J o h n M . S a p p e n fi e l d , N e l l W .
S h e i b e l s , V i k k i P. B e s s l e r , B r u c e W . B e a u v a i a , P a u l E . W a t s o n , M i c h a e l J .
R u s s , L a r r y P. P r o v i n c e , S o n j a M . F o e r s t e r , P a t r i c k S . M c C r a d y , W a l t e r F .
M a r t i n , C h a r l e s B . B r a d l e y, W i l l i a m A . B o i k , R o b e r t W . H u n t e r , R o b e r t S . S t r u m s k y, J o h n F. A n t a l , R o b e r t E . H o d g e s , T h o m a s M . A b e l , G e o r g e R .
H a s t y, R o g e r Yo u n g , G o r d o n ' M , P o w e l l , P a u l i . B e r g s t r a n d , F r e d e r i c k M .
Darlington, James E. Hecht, Michael E. Hockett, John A. Jensen, Christine L.
B r i l l , S h e l l y J . T h o m p s o n , V i c k i I . Va n n o r s d a l l , Ti m o t h y M . R u n n e l s ,
B a k e r, J a m e s R . Wa r d , R o n a l d J . Wa n t t a j a a n d W i l l i a m A . H a n s o n .
R a n d a l l D . H u r s t , J e ff r e y M . S p o n s e l l e r, D a r y l H . L u o c k , J e a n W i t t h u h n ,
Southwest Region
P a u l E . K u c h e , J o A . W i e r z c h o w s k i , E l a i n e T. F e d y z k o w s k i , T h o m a s N .
S c o t t P. C u l s h a w , R o b e r t A . D e l u c i a J r . , M a r y E . O d o m , D a n D . W i l t ,
M a r c i n i a k , J a m e s T . L i m a , K r i s M . M a r h e i n e , M i c h a e l T . B o r c h e r t , D u a n e P.
C l e m e n t s o n , B r i a n J . M c C a n n , T h o m a s J . N o o y e n , J a m e s M . L u t y a n d M i c h a e l S y d n e y L . C h i l l o n , D e n n i s P. E v a n s , E d w i n B . F r a s e r , S h e r i A . P e a r y , M a r y J .
V a r g a s , S t e v e n R . W i l e y , L . M s a l l , J o h n T. N i c h o l s , H a r d y O . W i l s o n , P a u l R .
J. Undis.
C l i n e , B o b b y R . F i s h e r,
Southeast Region
P a t r i c k C . Wa l s h , L e s l i e M . D e n d y, A l t o n B . L u p e r, J a m e s D . S a n d o z ,
p r e s t o n R . R e y n o l d s , C h r i s t o p h e r R . P o t r e k u s , D a n a M . Ta y l o r , D a n i e l R .
S h a r o n A . T r a y l e r , R i c k e y P. A l v a r e z , W a n d a J . N e w m a n , J e f f r e y S . V a n
B a t c h e l o r, D a v i d E . G o l d s m i t h , B r a d l e y R . S a a d , R a y A . W h i t e , C a t h e r i n e M .
D o r e n , J e n n y e L . G o w l e r, J a m e s W. Ti l s o n , J a m e s C . H a l l , D i c k y C . W i t t H ff ,
Worthen, Scott R. Manning, Michael K. nobel, Alan R. Willis, MikeJ. Newell,
Reynolds S. Kieter and Albert E. Richter II1.
S t e p h e n A . E u b a n k s , J a m e s F. U n d e r w o o d I 1 , M a r g u e r i t e A . M o r g a n ,
J o e l D . G r e e n s p a n , D a r r y l W. C o a t e s , T h o m a s J . P l a c a n i c a , T h o m a s M .
J a c k i e C . D e n n y, K e n n e t h L . K o e s t e r, R i c h a r d E . E n g l a n d , R u s s e l l E . H a l l ,
F a r r a r, K e v i n M . G o o d p a s t u r e , R i c h a r d A . P a t t e r s o n , J o h n G . P l o u r d e , D a n i e l
Konrad A. Jagst, Pamela J. Blakeslee, Helen M. Hart, Douglas A. Wiberg,
M . D e l a u n e , W i l l i a m C . W e l l s , R e e s e L . W i l l i a m s , D o n a l d S . C h e c k l e y, A n t h o n y
R u s s e l l R . B a t e m a n J r. a n d M a x i m G . H o l l o w a y
M. Hall, Ronald Hayes, Donald L. Hayes,
S t e w a r t C . S t a l l i n g s , J a m e s E . F a u l k n e r , G e o r g e F. B u r r o w s J r . , K a r e n
Pacific Region
D i c k e r s o n , W i l l i a m F. S l a t e r I I I , E n r i q u e J . O l i v i e r i , D e n i s B a e s , J u a n A .
S c o t t A . M c c a y, D a v i d E . B o n D , G i s e q l e J u r k a n i n , G r e g o r y D . M c A I p i n ,
Figueroa, Jose G. Gonzalez, Jose A. Batista, Elizabeth Medina, Nilda Santago,
Joseph A. Filice, Henry E. Schuldt, Larry S. Morris, Michael J. Greenwood,
Martita Agosto, Carmelo Ayala, Nelida De Jesus, Ivan Diaz, Edgardo Figueroa,
N o r m a n N u n e z , J o h n B o i s J r. , S c o t t M . S m a t h e r s , J a n i c e L . S h e r i c k , P e t e r
W h i t e , C h a r l e s R . M o s h e r t P a u l G . A r m e n t r o u t , B r a d l e y D . G u n t h e r, B r u c e J .
Luis R. Lopez, Alfjandro Mirando, Manuel H. keyes, Pablo A. Rodriguez,
L o v e l i n , J a n e t S h a n n o n , E d w a r d R B o d q e t t , M a r k O C a r t o n . K a y R o h l e t t e r,
Guillermo E. Santiago,
R i c h a r d E . C o t e , G e o r g e G . F r i e s , L a r r y T. H e n d e r s o n ,
Reymundo Aponte, Janet Castro, Raul Felicano, Efren Garcia, Adalberto
J a m e s D . R o s e , C a r l A . C a n n o n , J o h n K . E m e r y, R o b e r t C . M u r d o c h , E r i c
Gonzalez, Luis Manuel aernandez, Edwin A. Lopez, Jose A. Ortiz, Luz
N e r e i d a R o b l e s , F r a n c i s c o R o d r i g u e z , I l i a n a I . U f a r y , a p e V a l l e , R o s a M . C . E d s m a n J l . , M i c l l a e l R . F f a i n , G e o r g e H o g t i e % R u w i d ~ d Y. M u r i t a , C i a y L o n
S . S a k a h a s h i , W e n d e l l T . Y. D a n g , S t e p h e n S . K a t o , C h r i s t o p h e r F . W . C h u n ,
M i r a n d a , M a r i o M o r a l e s , I r m a O r t i z , W a n d a R o d r i g u e z , R o s a L . To r r e s ,
J o h n B . G r e e n e , D a r r e l l T. K o k i , W e n d e l l M . T. K o n g , J a s o n H . M a r t i n J r . ,
Herbert Zayas, Carmen Adorno, Maria Adorno, Jose A. Ayala, Esrevar~E.
L e o n a r d N . Y. W o n , G e r a l d F . T o y o m n a , H u l a n i W o n g a n d P a m e l a s M a r k a r i a n .
Bonilla, Hiram Bosch, Hector Fernandez and Juan J. Guzman.
. . . .
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142 F I F T H A V E . , N E W Y O R K , N , Y.

At the World-wide Information Conference, Gen. Bruce K.
Holloway offered suggestions to correct the age-old problem-public
misunderstanding of the military. Portions of his remarks are
reprinted here because they are appropriate and timely in Civil Air
Patrol's mission to help keep the American public informed on
military matters.
It is understandably difficult
for the concerned citizen to
know what his military
establishment is up to and he is,
therefore, frequently easy prey
to rumors and distortions from
supposed experts. It, therefore,
behooves each of us in the
defense sector of public service
to assist in providing the public
all the available unclassified
information consistent with
national security.
Everyone in the service has
been told that he is an
ambassador in uniform. I would
further add that we are all
communications experts to the
community at large, we are not
public-relations experts or
propagandists. It is not necessary
to "sell Air Force to the public"
because it already belongs to the
public. But the airman does have
an obligation to help keep the
civilians with whom he comes in
contact informed on service
activities and issues. And
because it is more difficult for
the citizen to understand what's
happening, the serviceman has
an obligation to explain insofar
as possible the who, what,
where, when a n d w h y o f
military affairs.
Some people may regard that
obligation to explain as a
dangerous Pandora's box, but I
believe that it is our only hope.
Public understanding of the
military seems to be at its lowest
since World War II. There are
several identifiable reasons for
this era of bad feelings. The
American public is generally
disappointed and frustrated over
the war in Vietnam. It is
disgusted over real and imagined
abrogations of trust by the
military in many facets of its
endeavor. It is incredulous of
huge and apparently
nonproductive defense costs at a
time when domestic needs are
great and the budget tight. It is
transfixed by "bad" news about
the military. And it is lulled into
a euphoria of "ali's well" abroad
by international negotiations
and the poetic platitudes of
some vocal citizens.
I believe that all these reasons
are substantiations of my
conviction that the public is too
often not aware of the crucial
facts or what they mean.
A central fact of life for every
person on this planet in the year
1970 is that the USSR threatens
to exceed the United States in
strategic military power. This
fact is central because it is that
power that is a critical factor in
aft international negotiation, all
coercion, to include war, and it
will always be so until we live in
a world ruled by law. This fact is
central because I think that, as
we view current Soviet actions,
we must recall the USSSR
promise to "bury" us. It is




central because experience warns
us that the Soviet Union has not
been hesitant to use power, even
against its allies, it is a fact of life
that every person on this earth
could live or die at Soviet whim
before this decade is out.

own interests that distortion
creeps into their comments. For
instance, the Department of
Defense (including all members
of the Joint Chiefs of Staff) has
repeatedly examined present and
future US strategic offensive
forces. It has repeatedly found
that we are best served by a triad
This is a minority attitude but
of strategic offensive
one that exists and must be
f o r c e s - - l o n g - r a n g e b o m b e r s , rectified.
land-launched intercontinental
But one thing is abundantly
ballistic missiles, and
clear: A great many of our
sub-launched ballistic missiles. It c i t i z e n s ( i n c l u d i n g s o m e i n
is difficult for me to see how
uniform) are either not receiving
one could reach any other
decision, all factors considered.
Yet, we have of late seen what I
believe to be one-sided
arguments presented on this
subiect. Sometimes some
members of all the services are
guilty of divisiveness, and I
believe we must. all of us--of all
services--guard against this. How
can one expect knowledgeable
understanding of military
programs unless the military
unitedly supports those
programs itself?.

Beside this, other problems
pale. Yet our public too often
seems unaware of it and
unknowing or unbelieving of it.
People simply do not know the
facts and are not aware of their
meaning. The average American
seems to believe that the only
purpose of strategic forces is to
defend our nation against some
Armagedon which he rightly
feels is highly improbable. He
may also believe that this
defense is being accomplished by
some "X" hundred Minuteman
missiles (or some "X" hundred
We are at fault also because
Polaris missiles}, and that all the
rest is "overkill." Now that may we don't keep abreast of the
sound absurd, but I have heard t i m e s . I n t h e e a r l y y e a r s o f
these misconceptions offered by a v i a t i o n , t h e r e w a s a p u b l i c
honest men in a complete empathy with the Air Corps
seriousness. We are trying to because our business was strictly
airplanes, and airplanes had
deter the loss of a way of life.
captured the public imagination.
and much of the public
To d a y, o u r b u s i n e s s i s n o t
apparently does not know. does
not understand, is not aware of strictly airplanes, and the public
has become space-oriented. The
the danger.
Air Force mission is still
accomplished in many exciting
That lack of public
ways; yet. the public is not
knowledge, that lack of public
u n d e r s t a n d i n g , t h a t l a c k o f aware of many. of these ways
and we seem no longer to
public awareness is our
capture its imagination.
fault-yours and mine-everyF i n a l l y, t h e m i l i t a r y
body's on the defense team. We
community is at fault because it
simply haven't done a part of has not cared enough about its
our job as responsible citizens. I responsibilities to the public.
think we have failed in a number
of ways.
I do not believe the military
community has worked hard
enough to declassify
information, I think some things
ha,~e been mistakenly or wrongly
classified. Defense Secretary
Melvin R. Laird has made a great
effort to improve this condition.
Our efforts should be at least as
great. Sometimes we are even
made to appear ludicrous, as a
result of inconsistency in our
classification system.
I believe the military
community hasn't worked hard
enough to present positive
information. We regularly and
responsibly gather information
for the public by reacting to
press queries or crises which
frequently mean news critical of
us. There are millions of
productive happenings we don't
take the time to discuss or
explain because we are too busy
putting out fires or because of
what I call don't-rock-the-boatitis.
The military community does
not speak with one voice. That is
a very hard saying, but I'm
afraid it's true. Some people
become so concerned with their

Commander in Chief of
SAC since July 1968 is
Gen. Bruce K. Holloway,
previously USAF Vice
Chief of Staff. His experience varies widely from
fighter combat to over-all
management of the Air
Force. He began his combat
experience as a lighter
pilot with the "Flying
Tigers" in the early days
of WW H. He commanded
USAFE in 1965-66.

F-111 Search
(Continued from Page 1)
radio stations per day.
The search covered 462,826
square miles of territory.
Should any new leads as to
the location of the missing
aircraft develop, the search
would be reopened. No CAP
search mission is ever closed
unless the objective is located.

or not understanding the critical
facts of defense. We are not
afraid of the truth. But we are
afraid of propaganda, half
truths, emotional thinking, and
misrepresentations. We have to
do a better job in telling.

designating Dec. 1-7 "Civil Air Patrol Week In Bellaire City,
Texas" and the C. R. Tomlinson trophy are received by
Outstanding Wing Cadet, C/Col. Janet R. Prestridge of the
Bayou City Composite Squadron. Mayor Grant Webster
presented the proclamation and trophy to the daughter of Mr.
and Mrs. L. G. Prestridge of Westbury. A student at Rice
University, she is also active in the 99s, the national women's
pilot organization. (Photo courtesy of Maj. Jacqueline Floyd)

Education Congress Planned
1971 National Congress on
Aerospace Education will take
place April 28-30 at the

MSgt David Kern, Liaison NCO, New Jersey Wing
T Sgt Dwight E. Surratt, Administrative Liaison Office,
Supervisor, Oregon Wing Liaison Office
Lorette B. Marchand, Secretary, New Hampshire Wing
Liaison Office
Directorate of Cadet Programs, Hq CAP-USAF
Inspector General, Hq CAP-USAF
Southwest Region Liaison Office
Oklahoma Wing Liaison Office
Texas Wing Liaison Office
Washington Wing Liaison Office

Embry-Riddle Aeronautical
Institute, Daytona Beach, Fla.
Civil Air Patrol and its
Aerospace Ed'ucation
Association will participate in
this national forum which seeks
to meet aerospace education
needs for schools at all levels and
in many curricular areas.
The 1971 Congress will
feature a special one-day NASA
program at the John F. Kennedy
Space Center.

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