File #788: "WWII Office of Civilian Defense Civil Air Patrol GM-78.pdf"

WWII Office of Civilian Defense Civil Air Patrol GM-78.pdf

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OFFICE 0¥ CIVILIA~ D~SE
WASHINGTON, D. C°
CIVIL AIR PATROL

GM-78
NATIONAL HEADQUARTERS
WASEING~0N, MARaH 29, 1943

Subject: CAP Rules
All CAP UnIt Commanders
1. Attached is the beginning of a codification of the CAP directives
into a new series to be known as the CAP Rules, indexed for ready reference.
2. The Part on 0rgani~ation embodies few changes. Rules as to the
composition of units 8re more explicit than heretofore and will be followed in
the organization of all new units. For existin~units these provisions will
b e o p t i o n a l f o r t h e p r e s e n t b u t w i l l b e m a d e e f f e c t i v e l a t e r i n t h e y e a r.
Meanwhile, Wing Commanders will take the necessary steps to bring their organisattons into compliance with the Rules with a minimum of dislocations.
S. Note especially Titles 06 and 07which provide for dividing Flights
. ~ i n t o S e c t i o n s , i n c l u d i n g S e c t i o n s f o r s p e c i a l d u t i e s s u c h a s r a d i o , p h o t o g r a p h y,
parachutes, etc. This makes it possible to use the Flight as an administrative
unit for roll call, drill, and trainin~ and at the same time, puts specialists
together in units which can be detached for the special duties assigned. It has
the Important effect of giving specific duties to non-commissioned officers.
4 . Ti t l e 0 9 d o e s a w a y w i t h t h e o l d n u m b e r i n g s y s t e m f o r C A P u n i t s
whichwas based on Regional Commands which no longer exist. WinEs will go by
their State names and local units bTpl~oe names or numbers acoordi~ to local
preference.
5. The beginning of the Part on Personnel provides that an applicant
for membership in CAP must serve in a local unit as a provisional member and
complete 25 hours of CAP training before his identification card will be issued.
Details of procedure will be set forth in the remainder of this Part which soon
will reach you. A new system for ratine members accordi~ to their traininE,
service, and aeronautical experience also will be incorporated.
6. The beginning of Part S on Training sets general policies and outlines a bro~lened training program for which further Rules will be issued sooni
7. The following CAP directives are obsolete and may be removed from
files: All TraininEMemoranda (TM-1 through 14); Training Directives No. 1, 9,
1 0 , a n d 11 ; G e n e r a l O r d e r s N o . 1 a n d N o . 2 ; G e n e r a l M e m o r a n d a N o . 1 t h r o u g h 1 8 ,
28, 29, 34, $6, 38, 39, 40, 46, 46a, 51, 69.

OFFICE" 0Y CIVILIAU D~Y~831
W.~SHING~I', Do C,

March 29, 1945

0 I Y I L A I R PA ~ 0 L

C A P

R U L E S

CAP Rules are divided into 10 Parts:
0
1
2
3
4

0rgantzation
Personnel
Intelligence
Training
Operations

5
6
7
8
9

Equi~ent
Supply
Finance
Miscellaneous
Cadets

Eaoh Part may be further divided into 10 Titles by the addition
~of a second digit. For exan~le, 32 covers Military Training. The first
digit (3) denotes the main topic, Training, and the second digit denotes
the type of training in this case.
h e Ti t l e s a r e i ~ u r t h e r d i v i d e d i n t o S u b t i t l e s v h t c h a r e n u m b e r e d
c o n s e c u t i v e l y, w i t h a d a s h a f t e r t h e s e c t i o n n u m b e r. T h u s 3 2 - 1 i s t h e S u b ~ .
title on Military Courtesy and Discipline.
Paragraphs in Subtitles are numbered consecutivelyp vith a period
a f t e r ~ h e S u b t i t l e n u m b e r. T h u s ~ 2 - 11 . ~ i s a p a r a g r a p h i n t h e S u b t i t l e o n

References be Rules are made in the folloviug form: CAP Rules ll-1,
14, 09-1.3, etc., or simply by numbers in parentheses, e.g., (30-1).
Each page of the CAP Rules will be d~ted. Pages supplementing or
superseding those of earlier date will be issued from time to time and pages
" ~ superseded will be diecJrded.
Nothing tn the CAP Rules is restricted or confidential+ Full-text
coptes will be available in all CAP headquarters for the infor~ation of all
me, hers or the general public. All CAP members will stud~v the CAP Rules t"rom
tlme to time; will learn their general provisions| and will keep ~arrent on
amendments.

OAP RULES Mar 29 45

ORGAI~IT~&TION 00

o OROAWL ATION
oo- thorit r
O . C i v i l A i r P a t r o l , h e r e i n a f t e r r e f e r r e d t o a s C A P, o r i g i n a t e d t h r o u g h
the ~estre of civil airmen of the United States to be utilized, with their
equipment, in the war effort.
1. CAP was established Dec. 1, 1941, b7 the U. S. Director of Civilian
Defense by order which roads in part as follows: "... in line with the tradttione of this nation, ... I do hereby order established under the Office of
Civilian Defense, the Civil Air Patrol.... I call upon all persons in civil
aviation to enroll and otherwise assist in thts important contribution to our
national defense."
. 1 This step was taken after consultation with an~ written approval
o f t h e D e p a r t m e n t s o f Wa r, N a v y, a n d O o m m e r c e i n O c t o b e r, 1 9 4 1 .
2 The establishment of CAP was formalized on Dec. 8, 1941, by OCD
Administrative Order No. 9 which reads in part as follows: nBy virtue of the
authority vested in me through =7 appointment as United States Director of
the Office of Civilian Defense, through the ~xeoutive Order (No. 8757) of the
President creating said Office, dated May 90; 1941, I have caused to be createA
and organized a branch of this Office of volunteers for the purpose of enlisting and training personnel to aid in the national defense of the United
States, designated as the Oivtl Air Patrol.... It shall be the du~y anA res~
ponsibtltt¥ of the National Commander to see that the objects and purposes
and orders issued in conformity with the policy of the Office are carried
olaf .el"
5 The status of CAP was confirmed, pursuant to the Preeidentts
E x e c u t i v e O r d e r N o . 9 1 3 4 o f A p r. 1 5 , 1 9 4 2 , r e d e fi n i n g t h e f u n c t i o n s O f O C D ,
i n O C D A d m i n i s t r a t i v e O r d e r N o . P ~ , A p r. 2 9 , 1 9 4 2 , a s a n o r g a n t s a t i o n " c o m posed of volunteer members engaged in civilian air activities, including the
performance of such missions as shall be requested by the United States Army
or Navy or other depart~nents or agencies of the United States Government,
such as observation and patrol flTing, courier service, ferrFLn~ service,
- -forest patrol, and other tTpes of a~ttvit7...."

01 OI~JNIZ~I0W

£

CAP RULBS Mar ~9 4.3

O . C A P R u l e s , ~ s p r e s c r i b e d a n d a m e n d e d b y t h e N a t i o n a l C o ~ n a n d e r, w i l l
govern all personnel with exceptions only as he may prescribe by Orders, by CAP
Instructions in separate series to meet temporary or special situations sometimes without reg._w1 to CAP Rules, or b¥ CAP Confidential Instructions also in
separate series for ismlance only to personnel concerned. InfQ.r~l instructions
a n d ~ n t e r p r e t a t i o n 8 o f R u l e s w i l l b e i s s u e d i n C A P ~ u l l e t i n s . D e t a i l e d p.r~ e d u r e
~
will be set forth in Manuals prescribed by CAP Rules.
1. The CAP 'organi~tion consists of a Sational Headquarters; Win~8 (one in
each of the 48 States) composed of Groups, Squadrons, Flights, and Sections; and
certain operations units.
2. CAP operations will be performed by'National operations unite; Wing operations units; and regular Wing units.
3' The National Commander will establish or disestablish the Winp and National o~emtione units, assign to them their personnel, fix their fwactton8 and areas.
mad appoint o~ remove their oo~nandere.
.~
4. All C A~ personnel (10-0) All be subject to orders of the National Commander
and the commanders of the units to which they are assigned.
5. The omposition of a CAP unlt will ~e determined bF the nunber of active
CAP me=here assigned to it by the conmander of the next higher unit.
6. Each unit commander will be responsible for all activities under his
command, the execution of orders from higher commands, and the proper assignment
of personnel assigned to his command. Subject to the approw~l of the next hider
commander, he =ay:
1 Appoint or re=eve the assistant and staff officers prescribed for hie
u n i t w h o a h e m a y a u t h o r i z e t o i s s u e o r d e r s b y h i s o r d e r,
2 Establish or disestablish subordinate unite authorised by CAP Rules
and reporting directly to hie oo.naand, combine them with other unite in his co.and,
fix their areas, and appoint or remove their commanders.
7, A unit will be on a provisional statue until designated by the National
C o m m a n d e r. T h e u n i t h e a A q u a r t e r 8 w i l l b e fi x e d o n d e s i ~ a t i o n a n d w i l l n o t b e
c h a n ~ e d w i t h o u t a p p r o ~ m ~ o f t h e n e x t h i g h e r u n i t C O n L ~ s n d e r. C h a ~ e 8 i n u n i t h e a d quarters and ommanders will be reported immediately to National Headquarters
thresh channels.
8. The CAP chain of con~and runs directly from the National Co~=ander to the
co~,nander of each qin~ or operations uni~; thence directly to the co~nander of the
next subordinate unit; and 8o on to the officer in direct charge of personnl. Regular channels for orders and commnications will be 8trtctly along this chain of comm a n d w i t h o x o e l ~ i o n s o n l y a s p r e s c r i b e d b y C A P R u l e s . Ye t i s f o r o r 6 e r s , r e q u e s t s ,
and reports will be prescribed by the National Colander and identified by applicable
CAP Rule numbers.

CAP ~S Mar 29 43
02-

0RGANIZATION 02 03

Nat ions! Keadquarters

0. The National Officers of CAP will be Officers of the Arn~ of the United
States assigned to duty at CAP National Headquarters.
_1 National Officers, headed by the National ConNander and under his
o r d e r s , w i l l b e t h e E x e c u t i v e O f fi c e r, 0 p . e r a t i o n s O f fi c e r, I n t e l l i g e n c e 0 f fi c e r,
Tr a i n i n g O f fi c e r, C o o r d i n a t i n g O f fi c e r, F i n a n c e O f fi c e r, S u p p l y O f fi c e r, a n d
such others as the National Comm~nder may appoint. An order issued by a National Officer by order of the National Commander will have the same effect as if
b y t h e N a t i o n a l C o m m a n d e r.
2 The National Staff will consist of the National Officers and
civilian employees assigned to National Helulquarters.

0. A Wing will be composed of CAP members assigned to it within a State
o r o t h e r a r e a fi x e d b y t h e N a t i o n a l C o m m a n d e r. W i n g s a n d t h e i r c o m p o n e n t
units will function as:
_ 1 Vo l u n t e e r U n i t s t o m o b i l i z e a n d t r a i n c i v i l i a n s w i t h s k i l l s a n d
~equil~nent~ applicable to aviation and auxiliary duties, and to conduct emergency operations.
2 Recruitment, training, and replacement centers to ~revide ~ersonnel and equipment for operations of CAP and .other Federal services.
The Wing officers will be the Wing Commander and Wing Staff.
_1 One or more civilian employee map be assigned to assist the Wing
C o m m a n d e r. T h e y w i l l e n l i s t i n C A P a n d m a y b e a ~ p o i n t e d a s W i n g o f fi c e r s .
1.

2. Component units will be as follows:
1 A Wing with less than 150 m~nbers will be organized into Flights.
2 A Wing with over 150 menbers may be organized into Squadrons and
Flights. If less than 4 Squadrons, the Wing will maintain Joint headquarters
with one of its Squadrons and the Wing Staff will serve concurrently as efftcers
of Squadrons in the Wing.
3 A Wing with more than 10 Squadrons Nay be organized into Groups,
So uadrons, and Flights.
3. For purposes of cooperation, a Wing Co-,-an~ter may communicate directly
~with other Wing CoNmanders and with operations units in his Wing area; a unit
commander with coN~anders of adjacent units and units directly under his immediate coNsander o
_1 A Wing or unit thereof Nay cooperate in its area with elements of
t h e A r N T, N a v y, M a r i n e s , a n d C o a s t G u a r d ; S t a t e g u a r d s ; S t a t e a n d l o c a l d e f e n s e
c o u n c i l s ; a g e n c i e s o f Ye d e r a l , S t a t e , a n d l o c a l g o v e r n m e n t s ; U n i t e d S e r v i c e
Organizations; war industries; the Aaerican Red Cross; and schools and colleges
operating training programs under Federal contract~ It may cooperate with
other organizations with special approval of the National Commander or in perforsance of e~ergency missions.
_2 With the exception of instructors (30-5), only CAP personnel will
p a r t i c i p a t e i n C A P a c t i v i t i e s o t h e r t h a n s o c i a l e v e n t s , e x c e p t i n e m e r g e n c y.

04 05 06 0ROANIZATION

CAP RUI~S Mar 29 43

0. A Group will be composed of not less than 200 members organlze~ in
not less than 3 Squadrons and may include DetachedPllghts.
1.~The Group officers will be the Group Commander and Group Staff. The
G r o u p ~ 11 m a i n t a i n J o i n t h e a d q u a r t e r s w i t h o n e o f i t s ~ S q u a d r o n s . T h e G r o u p
Staff will serve concurrently as officers of component Squadrons.
05-

Squadrons

0. A Squadron will be composed of not less than 50 members, residin~
close enough to the Squadron Headquarters to attend meetings there, and not more
than 200 members.
1. The Squadron officers will be the Squadron Commander and Squadron
Staff.
2. The Squadron will be divided into not less than 2 or more than 6
Flights whose headquarters will be that of the Squadron. The number of Flights
multipliedl~ 25 will not exceed the number of members in the Squadron.
06-

YliKhts an$ Sectigns'

0. A Flight will be co=posed of not less than 10 or more than 60 members.
A Detached Fli~ht is one which is not apart of a S~oadron but reports directly
to a Group or Wing Command.
1. Flights will be commanded as follows:
If not more than l5 members, a Flight Leader and a Flight Sergeant.
!
F r o m 1 5 t o 2 5 m e m b e r s , a F l i F = h t L e a d e r, A s s i s t a n t F l i g h t L e a d e r,
and Flight Sergeant. The Flight will be dt~de~l into2 Sections, ee~h commanded
by one of the latter two officers.
~ W i t h m o r e t h a n 2 5 m e m b e r s , t h e F l i g h t L e a d e r, A s s i s t a n t F l i g h t
L e a d e r, a n d Y l i g h t S e r g e a n t w i l l c o n s t i t u t e t h e F l i g h t S t a f f a n d a S e c t i o n
Leader will be appointed for each Section. Not more than4 Sections will be formed
in a Flight. The number of Sections multiplied bY 10 will not exceed the number ~
of me~bers in the Flight.
2. A Section will be composed of not less than 5 or more than 30 members
and will be or~anized under a Flight. Sections may he, established or d~sestablished and their leaders appointed or removed (01-6.2)/without notifyi~E the
N a t i o n a l C o m m a n d e r, p r o T l d e d t h e i r c o m p o s i t i o n c o n f o r m s w i t h C A P R u l e e . A
Sectionwlll have a Section Leader and anAseistant Leader; if more than 15
members, 2Assistant Leaders. A special Section, (07) in the performance of its
special duties, may report to a Squadron Staff Officer or act under its Section
L e a d e r.

0R~AWlZATIOH 07 08

CAP RULBS Mar 2943
07- Special Unite

O. SpeOlal units to serve as permanent WinK aospononts for special duties
usually will be dosignated as Sections.
I. ~peeial units reporting dlreetlw to' a Wing ¢emaaud na~ inelwle"
I One Headquarters Flight. ~hleh nay Inelu4e a Band Seetlen.
2 Units for functions authorized In (07-5) m~7 be erganise4 as
Squad_~on8 or Flights reporting directly to a Wing onlF l~r order of the
National 0onmander on proof that special circumstances require this irregular form of organization.
2. A Group will have no special units except those of the Squadron with
which it maintains headquarters. Special units of component Sqmulzon8 or
Flights nay be mobilized for training or operations under a Group Staff
O f fi c e r. 2 x a w p l e z M e d i c a l S e c t i o n s w i t h i n a G r o u p m a y r e p o r t t o t h e G r o u p
M e d i c a l O f fi c e r.
3. Special units in a Squadron or Detached Flight are authorized as
-~ Sections under designations which follow:
Headquarters
-Comnuaieations
Photo
. Medical
--5 Band

-5 Guar
7

8
08-

9 Parachute
I0 Transport
I~i Airpoxvt
I_~2 Maintenance
1..33 Weather

!4

Crash
Ranger (including Motorized, Mounted, Foot, or Ski Sections
usually eaployed in rescue missions)

Operations Units

0 . O p e r a t i o n s u n i t s , c o m p o s e d o f C A P m e m b e r s o n l y, w i l l b e e s t a b l i s h e d
for the performance of authorized operations over a period of time, while
most operations of brief duration will be performed bT Wing units or temporary
- detachments thereof.
1. National field units are the Patrols of the CAP Coastal Patrol and
of the Southern Liaison Patrol, wader the direct command of the National
C o m m a n d e r. T h e i r c o m m a n d e r s m a y c o m m u n i c a t e w i t h e a c h o t h e r a n d w i t h t h e
commanders of Wings and adjacent Wing units for purposes of cooperation.
2. A wing operations unit nay be established to operate under a Wing
O o m a a n d e r. W e w i l l s e r v e a s O p e r a t t e n s O f fi c e r o f a l l o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d
by 8ueh units which may operate beyond the geoga~phleal boundaries of his
Wing and may be mlthortsed for military and tndnstrial courier services,
f o r e s t p a t r o l s a n d o t h e r m i s s i o n s a u t h o r i z e d b T t h e N a t i o n a l C o m m a n d e r. A
regular unit of a Wing may be dest~aated as an operations unit for the perfol~ance of specific operationse

09 0RGANIZATION

CAP ~ ~ar 29 43

09- De~i~nation
0 . A u n i t w i l l b e d e s i g n a t e d b y o r d e r o f t h e N a t i o n a l C o m m a n d e r, t n i t i a t e d b y h i m o r i n r e s p o n s e t o a r e q u e s t f r o m a W i n g C o , m a n d e r, a n d w i l l b e
redest6~ated on change in its status.
1. Wing units will be designated on proof that they are composed of the
prescribed number of members and component units. Pending designation, unit
commanders may formprovielonalumtts under their command.
2. in case of shrinkage in active membership below the prescribed minizmm,
the organization of a Wing will be revised to conform with the provisions of
(03-2); a Groupwill be disestablished and its component units assigned directly
to the Wing or to another Group; a Squadron will be reorganized aea Flight; a
F l i g h t w i l l b e d i s e s t a b l i s h e d a n d i t s m e m b e r s a s s i g n e d t o o t h e r u n i t s . S i m i l a r l y,
auntt which expands beyond the prescribed maximum will be divided into 2 units
or raised to higher unit status. Such revisionswill be reported to the National
Commander for redesignation of the untts.
3. Wing units will be named as follows:
W i n g s , b y t h e n a m e o f t h e S t a t e o r o t h e r a r e a t h e y c o v e r. E x a m p l e :
New York Wing.
Groups, as the let, ~nd, etc. in the Wing. ~xample: 4th Group, Ind.
3 , S q u a d r o n s b y t h e n a m e o f t h e c i t y o r c o u n t y. W h e r e t h e r e a r e m o r e
than 2 Squadrons in a city or when a place name is not desired, they will be numbered. (~altimore Squadron, Md.; Arlington County Squadron, Vs.; Cleveland Squadron ~, Ohio; Squadron 12, Pa.)
Detached Flights, by the name of city or county or by special unit
designation. (Tucson Flight, Ariz.; Band Flight, Ala.)
Wing Headquarters Flights, by the letter H. (H Flight, Calif.)
Y!ights, by the letters A to F and the name or number of the Squadron.
(B Flight, Little Rock, Ark.; C Flight, Pittsburgh 3, Pa.)
7_ Sections, by numbers 1 to 4 or by functions as in (07-~). (Section 2,
D Flight; Medical Section)
4. Operations units will ~e designated under prescribed procedure (4) by the
following names:
1 Units of a patrol nature, as Patrols. ~xample: Wisconsin Forest Patra~ ~
CAP Coasta~Patrol No. 2.
2 O t h e r u n i t s o p e r a t i n g f r o m fi x e d b a s e s , e s S t a t i o n s . ( Yo r k C o u r i e r
Station. P~.)
~ Operations Conducted by a number of units, from a number of bases, or
from no fixed base will be designated as Services. (2ndAir Force Courier Service)
5. Standard abbreviations (8) will be used in referring to units in CAP
communications.

CAP RUT.~S Mar 29 43
1

PZRSOHBL 10

P E R S ~

10- Status
0. All CAP personnel, other than
will be civilian volunteers. The term
valid CAP identification card (14) and
are provisional members (12), inactive

National Officers and civilian employee,
"member" means one holding a ~lrrently
does not include other CAP personnel who
members (15), or CAP Cadets (91).

All a~plicants for membership w i l l s i g n t h e f o l l o w i n g o a t h : " ! h e r e b y
I .
make application for enlistment in the Civil Air Patrol and do sole=nly swear
(or a~ftr~) that I will bear~ true faith and allegiance to the United States of
A=erica, that I will serve them honestly and faithfully against all their enemi e s w h o m s o e v e r, a n d t h a t I w i l l o b e y t h e o r d e r s o f t h e P r e s i d e n t o f t h e U n i t e d
States and the orders of the officers a.~ointed over me."
2. ~nltstment8 in CAP will be for the duration of the war plus 6 months.
During this period, all who take the CAP oath will be subject to it =nless sooner
discharged from CAP or on active duty in the arned forces of the Unite& States.
3. ~he activities of CAP will be conducted by the members wAthout pay or
reimbursement for expenses, except for certain operations wherein members ~ay
receive a per diem for expenses and rental for their equilment. 8ez~riee in the
Wings will be arranged to fit the spare time" of membere insofar as possible but
members will be required to attend all me~ttngs and mobilisation8 ordered by
the officers over the= and no one will be excused from punotv~l attendance witho u t a r e a s o n a c c e p t a b l e t o t h e u n i t o o n n a n d e r.
4 . A m e m b e r m a y b e o r d e r e d t o C A P o p e r a t i o n s d u t y b u t t h e u s u a l p o l i c y,
e x c e p t i n e m e r g e n c y, w i l l b e t o p e r m i t h i m t o a p p l y f o r a s s i g n m e n t a n d r e q u i r e
him to Serve on such duty only for the period pledged in his application. On
assignment, the member will sign before a notar~ the following oathz
"I, a member of Civil Air Patrol, an agency of the United States of
America, having been assigned to active duty ~rlth Civil Air Patrol hereby voluntarily enlist subject to an.v and all orders of the National ConBander of Civil
Air Pe.trol to a term of continuous active service for the tern of
months,
o w. . e n c t n g
, 194__, and l hereby agree to be available for duty ontinuously and at all times during said term.
"During said term and any extension thereof, 1 de selennly swear l will
bear true faith and allegiance to the United States of &nei~lea! that ! will serve
.them honestly and faithfully against all their enemies Yhemseever; that ! will
fully and faithfully perform all duties assigned to me and obey the order8 of the
President of the United States and the orders of the efflcer8 appointed ever me
s u b j e c t t o t h e R u l e s a n d A r t i c l e s o f Wa r.
"In the event that ! shall not report or be available for active duty
at anytime during said term or any extension thereof whtch I shall voluntarily
undertake, or if ! shall not fatthi~lly and fully perform all duties assigned to
me, l hereby consent to the revocation and cancellation of ~ license to own,
operate, and service an~ aviation and ra~io equipment,a
5 . ~ ¥ o r d e r o f t h e Wa r D e p a r t m e n t , C A P m e ® a b e t s a r e p e r m i t t e d t o w e a r t h e
uniform, with certain distinguishing featt.res. Appointments and titles of
function and rank are in CAP and not in the Atw~. ~he prescribe~ CAP emble=
b e a r i n g t h e l e t t e r s " U S " i s r e g i s t e r e d i n t e r n a t i o n a l l y. A m e m b e r i n C A P u n i f o r m
captured by the ene=~ will be on the status of a prisoner of ~m~.

11 - E l i g i b i l i t y
0. Men and women who are citizens of the United States, native-born or
naturalized for a minimum of 10 years from countries other than ene~ynations
o r t h o s e o c c u p i e d b y t h e e n e m y, a r e e l i g i b l e f o r m e m b e r s h i p i n C A P. M i n i m u m
age is 16. lt ts fete:mended that an applizant under 18 be enlisted as a
cadet rather than as a member unless he holds a C~ student pilot certificate.
No maximum age or physical requirement is prescribed. Active or reserve
personnel of the armed forces or State guards, other than National Officers
o f C A P, r i l l n o t b e a d m i t t e d a s C A P m e m b e r s e x c e p t b y o r d e r o f t h e N a t i o n a l
Commander but ~ receive CAP training on the same basis as provisional
members vtthout applying for membership.

O. Membership application will be on prescribed forms secured from the
headquarters of the local Squadron or Detached Flight.
The applicant will fill in all blanks in the application and
fingerprint card; execute a full set of clear fingerprints on the card; furnish three full-face passport photos, l~" x l~e, without hat, unsmiling; and
deliver without folding to the local CAP unit. Incomplete or illegible applicationswill not be accepted.
An applicant under 21 will attache letter from parent or guardian
c o n s e n t i n g t o t h e a p p l t c a n t l s s e r v i c e i n C A P.
2. The unit ommander will transmit ~hese items, without folding, direct1¥ to National Headqunrters after signing ,ApprovedS, with his full name, CAP
t i t l e , a n d s e r i a l n u m b e r, C ~ P u n i t n a m e , a n d a d d r e s s , o n t h e b a c k o f t h e a p p l i cation which will not be considered without this endorsement. He will not
sign unless he believes the applicant possesses qualifications useful to CAP
a n d w i l l m a k e a n i n d u s t r i o u s a n d d e s i r a b l e m e m b e r.
3. Members of a typical unit will be about a thir~pilots; one-third
s t u d e n t p i l o t s ; a n d t h e r e s t w i t h a u x i l i a r y s k i l l s i n r a d i o , p h o t o g r a p h T,
mc~ictne, and other ground duties. This ratio is not mandatory and will be
impossible in areas where pilots are few or where a large ground personnel is
neede4 for duties of the local unit. But ~he above ratio and the prescribed
tables of organization for units will be borne in mind in the endorsement of
applicants.
4. After endorsing an applicant, the unit commander will admit him to
training as a provisional member of the unit in which status he will not wear
the CAP uniform or insignia. He will be excluded from assemblies where he may
gain confidential information. He will not participate in GAP operations except
by order of the National Commander or in temporary emergency but will be subject
to command and discipline pursuant to the C~ oath. He will attain membership
in CAP only after completion of training prescrSbe& in (17).
13-

Investt~ation

O. No one will be admitted to membership without careful investigation
o f h i s c h a r a c t e r, l o y a l t y, a b i l i t y, a n d t h e t r u t h o f s t a t e m e n t s i n h i s a p p l i c a tion.
1. The unit eo~nander who endorses the application vii1 ascertain that
the pictures, fingerprints, and signature are those of the applicant. He will
tea& the application an4 check .an7 portions of it that ma~ seem doubtful.

OAP ~_~S Mar 29 4~
3

MMNO

M

TRAINING

30- General
O. The purpose of CAP training is to prepare all personnel for duties in
CAP and develop their skills under military discipline for other war services.
It is required that flying personnel become familiar with auxiliary ground
duties and that ground' personnel learn the fundamentals of aviation.
1 . B a c h u n i t c o m m a n d e r w i l l b e r e s p o n s i b l e t t h r o u g h h i s T r a i n i n g O f fi c e r,
for a continuous program of tratntng so recruits will learn the primary subjects
rapidly and in orderly progression and members wtll be working at all times on
i n t e r e s t i n g s t u d y, c l a s s r o o m , a n d p r a c t i c e e x e r c i s e s w l t h o u t u n n e c e s s a r y r e p t t t tion of courses and without lost motion.
20 hoh unit will meet not loss than once a week for training not less
than 2 hours and will hold sAdittonal meetings avera64ng not lees than 2 hours a
week for practice missions which will be outdoors when weather permits. Additiona l m e e t i n g s m a y b e o r d e r e d b y t h e u n i t c o m n d e r. S p e c i a l t r a i n i n g m e e t i n g s w i l l
be arranged as necessary for members unable to attend regular meetings by reason
of war work, illness, or d/stance from the meeting place. Members may meet at
will With Instructors.
3. The n:mber of credit hours prescribed for each training subject is the
minimum of instruction by CEP instructors (30-5) before cred£t is given. Many
subjects will require such longer stu~7, with subsequent refresher courses,
quizzes, and practice exercises to be sure that skill and knowledge are retained,
1 Each member will be required to complete a minimum avere~e of 5
credit hours per month.
2 Oredtt for a course will be given on completion of the prescribed
number of instruction hours and written or oral examination or both. No fractional credits will be given for parts of courses. Members will be examined from time
to time by boards of officers on all subjects they have completed. (17) Members
with prior experience may be ored/ted with courses on which they can pass examination. Credit for courses learned through home study may be allowed on satisfactory
examination for members unable to attend meetings but the needs of such members
will be met through special meetings (30-2) insofar as possible. No credit will
be given unless the member has thoroughl~ learned the prescribed subject matter
under standards not less than those for CAA private pilot examinations.
4. In add/rice to prescribed courses, each unit will conduct practice
missions (41) for all personnel to simulate CAP operations and missions that
the unit may perform in local emergencies. Policy will be to encourage flying
personnel to advance their aeronautical ratings and help ground personnel learn to
fly.
5. Instructors will be designated by the Training Officer from members and
e x p e r t s f r o m o u t s i d e C A P b e s t q u a l i fi e d t o t e a c h t h e C A P c o u r s e s . YA c h l o c a l u n i t
will maintain a list of instructors approved to teach the respective courses.
Tr a i n i n g fi l m s a n d s p e c i a l e q u i p m e n t w i l l b e u s e d w h e n a v a i l a b l e .
6 . Te x t s f o r t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s w i l l b e s u p p l i e d w h e r e p o s s i b l e b y N a t i o n a l
Hea4quarters. Usnal distribution will be 4 copies per headquarters. A limited
number of extra copies ma~be furnished to unit Supply Officers on request through
¢~azmels. Some texts, identified by #GPO" in the following, can be pu~ahased from
S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f fi c e , Wa e h t a g t o n , D . C . . f o r t h e
prices specified with 25~ discount for quantities of 100 or more.

51 32 ~tlTING

CAP RULES Mar 29 43

1- Orient~ic~
O. Purpose of CAP Orientation Courses is to familiarize CAP personnel
w i t h t h e o r d ~ n t s a t i o n o f C A P, t h e a r m e d f o r c e s , a n d c c o p e r a t i n g p u b l t e a g e n c i e s .
1 . O i v i l A i r P a t r o l O r e d t t 2 h o u r s Te x t s : " F a c t s a b o u t C A P " " F a c t s a b o u t
OAP~ratning" CAP Rulee.
Eaoh reoru£t at an early st~e will be instructed as to the organization and activities of CAP and the unit to vhtchhe is assigned, the obligations
o f a m e m b e r, C A P 1 t u l e e , t h e t r a t n t n g p r o A ~ a m , h o w o f fi c e r s a n d n o n - c o m a a r e a p p o i n t e d , t h e z u s l n o p e r a t i o n s o f C A P, a n d h o w m e m b e r s m a y q u a l i f y f o r o p e r a t i o n s d u t y.
Each member will learn the correct name of his unit and the name and
title Of the eoemander o2 hts untt and of all higher uuits in the chain of command
t o t h e N a t i o n a l C o m m a n d e r.
2 , A r m y 5 h o u r s Te x t s O A P T r a i n i n g M a u u a l N o . 1
Purpose ie to famtltartse CAP personnel with the organization of the
Azmy of the United States so CAP may be prepare~ for effective service as an m~iliary to the armed forces.
In addition to individual stud~ of the text, there will be 3 classroom instructionperiods of 1 hour each, inclu~tn~ lectures, general Ais~asions,
questions, and unclassified information on nearby Armyuntts and facilities.
3 . ~ 2 h o u r s Te x t : O A p T r a i n t n g M a n u a l N o . 2
PurPose and instruction method as in (51-2)
4 . A r m y A i r Yo r o e s 2 h o u r s Te x t : O A P T r a t n t n ~ H a n u a l N o .
1 Purpose and instz~_~tion method as in (~1-2)
5, Oooperqt~n~PublioAeenetee 1 hour ~extZ OAP~miningMauual 31-5
Familiarize personnel with the publte a~netee with vhioh CAP cooperates. Emphasize those in the CAP untt area.
6 . H t s t o r 7 o f A ~ r l a t t q n 2 h o u : 8 Te z ~ : A n ~ s t a n d ~ r d t e x ~ b o o k p r e s c r i b e d
by the untt Training Officer°
Give general baok~o~ as to the main events and personalities of
aviation with emphasis on the U~tted States. Use pictures o~ planes and people°

O. ~ privilege of tmarta~ the uniform of the Army of the United State8
places upon every member the obli~tion to become veil grounded in ndlttary customs
and pros,salutes 8o as to walk with a soldierly bearing, d-~lll mmr~l~ in military
for~ttons, and conAuct all activities with military precision. ~he success of CAP
m i s s i o n s , w h e t h e r i n e o o p e m t t o n w i t h t h e s r m e A f o r c e s o r s e p a r a t e l y, d e p e n A e l a r g e l y
upon the thorough military tmtntn~ of each CAP member°
O o u = t e e Ta n A D t e c i ~ l t n e 5 h o u : e ~ e x t : Y a r D e p t . E a e l e F i e l d M a n ~ s l
1 @
Fg 21-50 " M i l i t a r y O o u r t e s y a n d D t s c t p l ! n e ~ O P O l O ~
~eamvorkunder discipline t8 the prime essential of military operations.
Recruits will be immediately Inetruete~L in thls sub~eet.
lnetru~tlonae in (31-2) pl~s frequent revlevs and eontia~al coaching.

RUIn, S Mar 29 4,~.

TRAINING 32 to 36

(Following is an outline of additional courses in the broadened CAP training prog r a m . T h o s e m a r k e d w i t h a s t e r i s k a r e n e w, )
32- Military
Eour_____~s
1, Courtesy and Discipline. ........ ..~.,...o..,
3
2 o I n f a n t r y D r t l l , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . , . , . . . . . . , 20 "
3. SafeguardingMilitary Informattono,......o,.
1
*4. A r t i c l e s o f W a r . o . , . . . . . , . . . . . . , , . . , , . , . . . . ,
1
5.
I n t e r i o r G u a r d D u t y. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . .
4
6 , Revievs and Inspections....,,..,,.,.....,.,.
2
7 . Duties of Command and StaLer 0fficers,,.,.,,,
2
8 . Leadership and Co,and,.....,..............,
5
9 . Military Correspondence,...................+
2
10. O p e r a t i o n s 0 r d e r s , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . o . . . . . . ,
1
11 . Y i r e a r R S e o . . . o e e o . . . . o . . e . . e e . . e . e . t e e . . . e . e
6
el2. C o u r t s M a r t i a l . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,
6
$3- Civilian Defense
I . L o c a l C i v i l i a n D e f e n s e Ya m i l l a r l z a t i o n . . . . . .
I
2. Protection against ~e and Incendiaries.....
4
3. Protective Concealment,...................,.
2
"4, Airport Proteetion...9.,,....,...,..........
2
eS. Air-Ground Practice Missions................ 1 0
34- P re-fliKht
*1. T h e o r y o f F l i g h t s . . . . , . . . , . , . , , . . . . . . . . , . . , .
6
"2. A i r c r a f t C o n s t r u c t i o n . , . . , . , . . . , . , , , , , , , , , , ,
6
OS. P o v e r p l a n t 8 , . . . o , . , . . , , o , , , o , , o , , . , , , , . o . , . , ,
10
04. l n s t ~ m e n t 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , , . . . . . . . . o . . . . . ,
4
5 . Map and Aerial Photogr&phReading..........,
5
6 . Air Navigation,.......,.o. .... o.....,,.....o 1 5
7 . M e t e o r o l o g y , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . , . . . . . . . ~ . . . , 15
"8. O i v i l A i r R e l a t i o n e . . . . . . . . . , . . , . . . . . . . . . .
6
9 . C o n t r o l To v e r P r o c e d u r e , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4
10. 0 b s e z ~ r a t t o n a n d R e c o n n a l e s a n C e e e . o o e . e . . . . . .
1 0
*II, Accident Causes.........,....,..............
3
Instrument Flying........................,,.
20
I~, Te r Ta i n F a m t l t a r i ~ t i o n , ~ . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5
10
2.
3.
4.
36-

Primary Flight Training Missions,..,,,,.,,,, 15
~aeic Flight Training Mission8.............. 15
Advanced Flight Training Missions........... 20
Special Flight Traini~gMission8............ 20

Ground Service
I .
Crash Procedure,,....... ..... . . . . . . . 0 . 0 , , . , ,
2 . Duties of Servicemen............. .... . . . . . . ,
3. Aircraft Inspection.........................
e4e A i r p o r t o . . . . , , , . . . . . . . e e . . . . , e e , e e e e e e e e . . , .
eS. F i r e a n d W i n d P r o t e c t i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
06, H s ~ a r s e e , , , , , , , . . , . , . . . . . e,e,,o,eeeee.eeeee
e7. A i r c r a f t M a i n t e n a n c e , . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6
5
6
4

2
4
4

s7 to R ~~0

C~ RULIS Mar ~9 4~

(~J~Ivl)

Hour_.__!

Z.
]JL.
2.
5.

YintAt&o................-....u-o.-------..e. 20
~ v a a o e ~ TA z ~ t A i d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - . . - 1 0
5
P h Ti t o Z o g t o a l A e p e e t e o f F I T £ j ~ . , . . , . . . . . . . , . . .
10
~eleal~zercises..............-..--..-~--...Photogmphyo.....+...........-..--.-...-.....-" 20
C O ~ o a t l O n S o . e e e e e e e e e e e e e o o e e . e e e e e e e e e e e e e
M o r s e

O o d e o o e e e e e e o e e e e e e e o e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e e o e e e

Pa~o1 Readingeooooo..........oe.-.-......-...-o
~deer~d Ciphers.....................-.-...--.
~~te8.......,..°.o.,.o..,....oo.......o°°,

6
8

2
4
10

N.teeellaneous
lo
~iO°...o°.o...o...o...°....eoo°e°eeee°oee,eeo
1A. Bands
e2.
Languages
X ~ T. T. I G ~ ( ~ h i s P a r t w i l l c o v e r t h e I n t e l l i g e n c e a n d P u b l t c R e l a t i o n s
Function.)
WqlUL210~S

(~hts Part vili cover general rules amplified by ~resent
opemttone directives.)
(R~l.es as to aircraft and radio.)
(~hAs vIIl cover ~mlfoms, etc., as .set forth in ~-4S and
addenda.)

W 0 B

(~es as to Innz~moe, vouehern, i~mds, etc.)

NZSO~ (]Males vhieh cmumot be olueifte~ ~er ~he forgoing 7 Pa~e.)
GLD~8

(]h'ief R~ee ae to GAP Osdots vho, in geaez~, vii1 follov
CAP ~ee.)

~- -

OFFICZ 0Y CIVILIAI~ D~$B
WASKIN~0N0 D. C.
CIVIL AIR PATROL
Subject:

GM-78A
~ J ~ I ~ ' ~ * T. ~ R , ~
WASHII;GTO~I APRIL 5, 1943

CAP Rules (Second Instalment)
£11 CAP Unit God.renders

1. Herewith are i~ther sections of the new CAP Bllles. As in the case
of the Rules sent you under ~-78 on March ~, this tn~talment is issued as a 16l~e folder for convenience in printing and distribution. ~fhen ~terlnl reaches
you in this form, you san remove the staple and ~t along the fold 8o the various
pages can be assembled according to the index. If you ~rlll set up & leeee leaf
hook with division cards for the 10 sections of the CAP Rules, it will be simple
t e fi l e s u b s e q u e n t p a g e s . Te w p o r a r i l y y o u ~ a ~ p l a ~ e 8 o m e o f t h e m o r e I m p o r t a n t
old CAP directives in the various divisions for ready reference.
2. The organi~tinn charts which follow are based on the CAP Rnlas
previously sent 7co and Illustrate the flexibility of the authorised erganisntton
to fit a given Wing or Squ~ron situation.
3. The continuation of the Personnel provision8 herewith ~unot be
made fully effective until the rest of the Personnel procedure is issued. ~ffectlve
i m m e d i a t e l y, h o w e v e r, n o m e m b e r s h i p a ~ p l i c a t i e n s w i l l b e a c c e p t e d w i t h o u t t h e
e n d o r s e m e n t o f n C A P ~ i t c o m m a n d e r. A p p l i c a n t s s o e n d o r s e d n a y h e a c c e p t e d a s
provisional members of units 8o they can start their training. Fux~her R~las
will provide t~t to mttnin meabcruhip, s provisional member ~st complete 25
credit hours of CAP training as follows: Civil Air Patrol, 2 hours; Xilttar~
Courtesy and Discipline. 2 hours; lnfantrT Drill, 5 hours; Safeguarding Military
I n f o r m a t i o n , 1 h o u r ; A r t i c l e s o f Wa r. 1 h o u r ; a n y o t h e r m u t h o r i s e d C A P t r a i n i n g
co~rnes, not less than 13 hours.
4. Additional Milltar~ Training courses are outlined. Attached are
n e w Tr a i n i n g M a n u a l s o n P r o t e c t i o n o f M i l i t a r ~ I n f o r m a t i o n a n d M o r s e C o d e , i l l u s trating the type of training material which will be issued henceforth. References
a r e m a d e i n t h e R u l e s t o o t h e r C A P Tr a i n i n g M a n u a l s n e t y e t i s s u e d . T h e o l d Tr a i n ing Directives for the respective subjects will he used until the new Hansel8
reach ~eUo
5. Rules as to CAP Cadets are more flexible than the previous directive
on this inportant subject.
6. In addition to the old CAP directives listed in ~M-78, the following
&re obsolete and ~y be re=eyed f~on files: Training Directives 2,5,12,19.~0,3~;
0 p s r a t i o n 8 M a n o r a n d u n 4 ; O p e r a t i o n s D i r e c t i v e s 1 . ~ , 6 , 11 , 1 4 ; G e n e r a l M e a o r a n d a 2 0 ,
~1,:32 ,:~3,:~, ~5,26,30,35,41,48,58.

CAP RULES Mar 29 4~

ORGANIZATION 09-A

ORGANIZATION CHARTS, CIVIL AIR PATROL

National
Commander

National Operations Units
National
Staff
in each State) subdivided accordin~

NATIONAL OP~ANI ZAT 1ON

Wing
"' Winz Ooeratlons Units '

Groups of not less than S Squs~rons each
C

O

E

~

m

~

~

~

L~RGE WING ORGANIZ~ION

Wing
Commander

~ '

MEDIDM SIZE WING

SHALL WING

CAP RULES Mar 29 43

09-A ORGANIZATION

Squadron

Officer

[

Intelligence
O f fi c e r j

I~°~Bunicat i°nsOfficer I

[ Provisional

Sec. I Medical Sec.
Attached
Provisional
Members
Sec. 1

Attached CAP
Cadet
or Yl1~ht

Sec. 2 [ ~uard Sec. I~ Crash

TTPICAL SQUADRON (50 to 200 Members)

LeaderI

I Flizht Leader [

] Fl1~ht Leader

Assistant

F1 ight

MEDIUM SIEE
FLIGHT
(15 to 25 Members)

LARGE FLIGHT
(26 to 60 Members)

FLIO~
(10 to 14 Memberg)

Leader J
Aseistsnt
Section Leader]

(If more than 16 members,
2 Assistant Section Leaders)

ORGANIZATION OF A SECTION (5 to SO Members)

13-

~nvestl~ation (Continued)

2. On receipt of an~q~plication by NationalHeadquarters, the fl~gerpr1_ut
car~ will be referred be the Federal ~reau of Investigation an~ the applicant's
references will be checked. Zn event of an adverse report, Patlo~ Headquarters
will advise the local unit colander directly in the case of an applicant or
t h r o u g h c h a n n e l s I n t h e c a s e e f a s o m b e r. S u c h a p p l i c a n t o r m e m b e r w i l l b e e x c l u d e d
inzediately from CAP activities and will not be reinstated without approval of the
N a t i o n a l C o ~ z ~ d e r.
3 . W h i l e a n a p p l i c a n t i s s e r v i n g a e a p r o v i s i o n a l m e a b e r, t h e w a i t o . r e n d e r
w i l l i n v e s t i g a t e h i m t h o r c n g h l y. ( 2 3 ) O n a d v e r s e fi n d i n g s , t h e a p p l i c a n t w i l l b e
dropl~d from previsional :mbership immediately and the unit c~z~ander will advise
National Headquarters directly with brief notes as to the circ~stances.
14- Identification
O. Identifications will be furnished to memberuandwill be carried by them
at all times when in CAP uniform er participating in CAP activities. Identifications will be government pr©perty; will be shown on demand; and on the resignation
~ / o r d i s c h a r g e o f a m e m b e r, o r b 7 o r d e r o f t h e N a t i o n a l C e m a n d e r, w i l l b e s u r r e n d e r e d
to the CAP unit comm~uder on demand.
1. A provisional member will be given a credential signed and dated by hi~
unit commander as follows: mThie will certify that (name and address)
for memberahl~ in Civil Air Patrol and is accepted for training by (n~e of unit
o f C A P, p e n d i n ~ a c t i o n e n t h e a ~ l i c a t i e n . T h i s a u t h o r i t y e x p i r e s 9 0 d a y s f r o m
date." In the case of a member of the Armed Forces, or a civilian a~iting induction,
attached to a CAP unit for training without applying for CAP membership, a credential
m~v be furnished with the underlined words emitted.
2° After a provisional meaberhas served at least 1 month and has o.lobed
the training (17) req~redforRating 1, aboard of officers will hold oral exa~nat e e n a s t o h i s q u a l i fi c a t i o n s a n d d e s i r a b i l i t y, a n d w i l l i ~ p r e s s ~ o n h i s t h e n a t u r e
of his obligations. On satisfactory examination, the unit co.sander will execute
s t a t i n g s h e e t ( 1 7 ) i n d u p l i c a t e , k e e p o n e c o p y, a n d s e n d t h e o t h e r d i r e c t l y t o
National Headquarters whence an identification card will be lesue~ bearing the
m ~ n b e r ~ s n a m e , a d d r e s s , p i c t u r e , C A P e e r i a l n u ~ b e r, a n d s i g n a t u r e . O n l y t h i s c a r d
w i l l c o n s t i t u t e e v i d e n c e o f m e ~ b e r e h i p i n C A P.
3. National Headquarters will send the ~ln~ Colander the card for transmittal
t h r e s h c h a n n e l s t o t h e l o c a l u n i t o ~ a n d e r, a n d a d u p l i c a t e o f t h e m e ~ b e r ~ s a p p l i cation for Ning files. Transmittal of the ~lieate application will constitute
assignment of a ~e~ber to a ~ing and transmittal of the card through channels will
constitute assig~ent to a local unit.
4. ~lle a~iting transmittal of his card, the me~ber will complete the trainlng (17) requtred for~ting2and on satisfactory exs~Inationwill appear in orrect
uniform before a meeting of the CAP unit and take the CAP oath. The unit cc~mander
will then present the identification ~rd to the me~ber.
5. An identification card will be validfor the duration of the war plus six
m o n t h s u n l e s s o t h e r w i s e o r d e r e d b y t h e N a t i o n a l C ~ ® ~ u d e r. I n c a s e a m e ~ b e r l o s e s
his car~, the unit omm~uder will send a rating sheet, passport photo, and e~lana~
t i c n o f t h e l o s e , s i g n e d b y t h e ~ e m b e r, d i r e c t l y t o N a t i o n a l H e a d q u a r t e r s w h e n c e a
~'~ new card vii1 be sent through ohannele.

k 5

1 ~ S 0 ~

CAP ~3L~S Mar 29 43

15O. A me~ber will remain attaehed to the v~It to which he is assigned by the
coE~auder of the next higher unit, until transferred. Transfer may be eHfected by
relief from duty with the unit, on ayplicatton of the member to the unit conmauder
o r o n o r d e r o f a h i g h e r u n l t c o m m a n d e r.
1. The following proes~re applies to trsaefer to and from ¥inge, Groups,
Squadrons, and Detached Ylights. Transfer between Flights within a Squadron
b e e ~ o c t e d b y t h e S q u a d r o n C o m n a n d e r a n d b e t w e e n S e a t i o n e b y t h e Y l i g h t L e a d e r,
without reportin~ to higher ~mits, For operations ~tte see (19).
1 The unit comnmnder viii execute two ooplee of a rating sheet covering
a l l w o r k c o m p l e t e d b y t h e m e ~ b e r, w i l l g i v e t h e m e . h e r o n e , a n d w i l l s e n d t h e o t h e r
to Wing Headquarters, endorsing both SRelteved from aesigr~ent to (name of tmit,
date, and signature and title of oriander)s
On reporting to a new unit in the same Wing, the member will give
hie op7 of the rating sheet to the ~nit omander who vii1 endorse the sheet,
,Reported for duty (name of unit, date, and signature of comzmnder)s, and will report
the reassignment au~ the mmnherls new address to Wing Headquarters.
If the transfer is outsi~e the Wing, the Wtn~ Comander will forward
the memherVs rating sheet an~ the guplicate of the original application to National
Headquarters and advise, if possible, which Wing the member wishes to e~ter and
the memberts new address. On reporting for duty with a local unit, the member will
give his copy of the rating sheet to the unit co~mnder who will proceed as in
(15-1.~). ~he Wing Commander will report the memher|s new unit and address to
~atienal Headquarters whence the duplicate a~pll~atlon will be sent to the ~ing.
2. A member temporarily absent from
transfer, to activities of the unit where
will furnish him a signed statement as to
on his rating sheet when he returns to his

his ~mit may be admitted, without formal
he happens to be. ~he unit co~ander
any training courses ompleted, for entry
home unit.

~.~

~. A meaber assigned to CAP operations duty will be oarried on the rolls of
hie regular Wing unit and will report to it for duty on relief from operations
assignment. The member's functional asei~J~ent in the unit will be held open for
him at least 90 days.
4. A ~ember who is ~uable to re~in active in CAP by reason of active duty
w i t h t h e a r m e d f o r o e e . ~ o r k i n a ~ a r i n & u s t r y, p r o l o n g e d i l l n e s s , o r a b s e n c e f r o m
t h e v i c i n i t y o f a C A P u n i t ~ r e t a i n m e m b e r s h i p i n C A P. H e ~ a y ~ e o p h i s i d e n t i fi cation card and participate in CAP meetings and training ss in (15-~) but viii be
placed on an inactive status and relieved of CAP assignment and duties. The unit
~oe~nder will execute a rating sheet in duplicate, endorsed "Inactive (reason for
this status, na~e of ~it, date, and si~ature of co~uder)", viii give the me~ber
o n e c o ~ y, a n d t r a n s m i t t h e o t h e r t o W i n ~ H e a d q u a r t e r s . T h e M i n g C o e ~ a n d e r w i l 1
transmit the sheet, and the Wing file duplicate of the member's application, to
~ational Headquarters. An inactive me~ber will hold no title of function or rank
in CAP and will not wear the CAP uniform. He mY be restored to active statue on
disch~rge from military service, or on becoming able to be active a~ln, by reporting for duty with a local unit whose co.Bander will execute a rating sheet and
proceed as in the case of the arrival of a transferred member (15-1)o
5. A member who resigns or is discharged from CAP may be reinstated, except
if dishonorably discharged, or honorably discharged without satisfactory service
endorsement (16-1), as in the ease of the arrival of a transferred me~ber (15-1).

~.~

RUL2S Mar 29 4,~

~e~

CADETS 90 91

90- 0rgantsatton
0. The Civil Air Patrol Cadets (CAPC) were established Oct. I, 1942, by
order of the CAP National Commander authorizing a grade of CAP membership design a t e d a s " C a d e t " a n d J u n i o r t o r e g u l a r m e m b e r s h i p i n C A P. P u r p o s e o f C A P C i s t o
exten& the benefits of CAP traAningto young men and women and thum develop pretrained personnel for CAP and other Federal services.
I .

CAPC will be governed bp the sa~e rules as CAP except as modified in (9).

2. CAPC is a local program. Pursuant to (01-6), and in addition to the
Squadron or Flight co~position authorized in (05) and (06):
A CAP Squadron may establish 1 Squadron, Flight, or Section of CAPS.
A CAP Detached Flight may establish 1 Flight or Section of CAPC.
3. Until at least 6 ~onths after the formation of a CAPC unit, its membership will not exceed the number of active members in the CAP S~uadron or Flight
~/ to which it is attached, unless the Win~ CoriAnder approves a shorter initial
p e r i o d . T h e r e a f t e r, a C A P C S q u a d r o n e ~ v b e e x p a n d e d t o a l ~ - i n ~ m o f 2 0 0 C a d e t s ;
a CAPC Flight to a maximum of 60.
It is recom~endedthat CAPO recruiting be undertaken at the beginning
of the regular Fall and Spring scholastic terms and of the Summer vacation so the
CAPC program will coincide with that of the local schools.
4. The CAPC unit will bear the name of the CAP unit to which it ie attached.
~mple: Baltimore Cadet Squ~lren. Md.; Cadet Flight, District of Columbia Squadron.
91- Personnel
0 . To c o n c e n t r a t e t h e C a d e t p r o g r a ~ i n t h e p r e - d r a f t a g e s , m e m b e r s h i p w i l l b e
limited to etudenta in good echolagtic standing in the last 2 years of senior high
school who are physically fit for duty in the Ar~ed Forces and whose parents or
~rdiaus meet the citizenship requirements for CAP membership. A CAP Cadet will
hold membership in a CAPC unit; not in CAP or in CAPC as a whole.
1. A~plicatlons for membership will be eu~aitted to the leca~ O~C unit in
d~ltcate on prescribed forms, with 3 full-face ~assport photos, l~m x 1~", unsmiling, without hat; and with written consent from parent or guardian te the
appllcantle service in CAPC. The CAPC unit will keep one copy ef the application
and one photo. ~he other items will go to the CAP unit.
2 . Y. ~ c h a p p l i c a n t w i l l t a k e t h e f o l l o w i n g o a t h : " A s a n a t i v e - h e m c i t i m e n o f
the United States, I wish to serve m7 countrT ~- helping build aviation in America
and trainin~ m~self in aviation. I pledge that I WlAI perform m~ duties faithfully
in the Civil Air Patrol Cadets, attend all drills and classes, obey the order~ ef
superior officers, wear ~y unifor~ in a milltar~ manner, keep alert ~t all times,
and complete m~ training as rapidly as possible zo teat I may pre~a~e ~yself for
membership in Civil Air Patrol."

CAP RULES Hat 29 43
3. Recruitment policy will ~e to make each CAPC unit a select corps conpese~
of youn~ men and women likely to Be of service to the war effort and deemed the
m o s t l i k e l y t o s u c c e e d i n a v i a t i o n a ~ o n g t h e y o u n g p e o p l e o f t h e c o ~ t n i t y. ~ a c h
application viii he signed by a member of the CAP v~it who will attest to the truth
of the aFplication and will pledge personal responsibility in assisting the recruit
to adlq~ce o

~-~

1 ~he preferred method of forming a CAPC unit is for each ~an in the C~P
unit to sponsor one young man for CAPC and each woman to s~onser one young woman.
2. An alternate ~ethod is to accept the recomend~tions of local high
school p~lncipale or teachers, especlal]~v ~re-flight teachers.
4 . T h e a ~ p l i c a n t w i l l b e i n t e r v i e w e d b y t h e C A P C u n i t o ~ a n d e r, o n w h o s e a p p r o v e~ he will be accepted as a provisional me=bet of the ~PC unit for 10 hours of training, without uuifona, as fellows: Civil Air Patrol (31-1~, S hours; Oourtesy and Disoipline (Si-1). S hours; and Infantry Drill (Si-iA), 5 hours. Meanwhile he will be
s u b j e c t t o i n v e s t i g a t i o n a s t o c h a r a c t e r a n d l o y a l t y. A f t e r n o t l e s s t h a n a e o n t h l s
service aud on e~tisfactor7 e~u~inatien in the above subjects by a beard of officers
of the CAP unit, the applicant will appear before a CAP meeting in correct uniform,
will take the CAPC oath, and will be presented hie CAPC identification card. bearing
h i s n a m e , ~ A P C s e r i a l n u m b e r, p i c t u r e , a n d s i g n a t u r e .
1 Identification cards will be furnished by National Headq~e~rters for
~.~
issuance by olanders of CAP Squadrons and Detached Flights to Cadets under their
c o ~ n d , w i t h o u t c l e a r a n c e b y h i g h e r u n i t e o f C A P.
2 Serial numbers, starting with l. will be assigned to Cadets in the order
of their admission as me~hers of each ~PC unit. number will not be reassigned.
5. Cadet ~a~ reatgn or ~ be discharged by order of the CAP unit o~ander
who will ~dorse the Cadet's identification card as to the nature of the discharge
(16-1). a Cadet honorably d~schar~ed with favorable notation can be accepted for
rene~ed ~e~bership in the same unit or another CA~C unit ~ich, on acceptance, will
issue hl~ a new card. Cadets 16 and over ~ be reco~ended for meaberehtp in CA~
(ll-O) but will find better opportunities for command e~-~erience by remaining in CAPC
until graduation from high school.
6. ~t~s will not he given to Cadets as a basis for rank as in CJ~. Careful
records will be kept as to all training courses completed. ~a~inations by beards
of CAP and CAPC officers will be given free t~e to time as in (1?)o On discharge
fro~ CAPC, a Cadet will be £1ven a rating sheet by the CAP wait ¢o~er attestt~
te the courses he h~s completed and service rendered. copy will be sent directl~
~'~
to National Headquarters for permanent file. If the Cadet applies for membership in
G A P, h e w i l l b e c r e d i t e d w i t h a l l c o u r s e s c o m p l e t e d i n C A P C o n s a ~ i s f a n t o r y e x a m i n a tion by the CAP unit which he Joins.
7. Ca~ets will not hold officer grades. Yunetion~l titles and nen-co~issionad
g r a d e s , ~ h ~ c h w i l l B e i n ~ A P C a n d n o t i n C A P, a r e m l t h e r i s e d o n ~ a s f o l l o w s :
1 S q u a d r o n C o ~ a n d e r. F i r s t S e r g e a n t .
2 Squ~ron Staff, who will rank in the order named: Training Sergeaut,
Intelligence Sergeant. Commnicatiens Sergeant, Su~ly Sergeant, and ~Jutant, all
in the grade of Sergeant.
3 Flight Leader, Serge~t.
A s s i s t a n t F l i g h t L e a d e r, C o r p o r a l .
4
S e c t i o n L e a d e r, C o r p o r a l .
6
A s s i s t a n t S e c t i o n L e a d e r. F i r s t C ~ s s P r i v a t e .
8. NO Cadet will we~r chevrons for the above grades until at least 3 ~cnth8
sqzwtce in CAPC.

~'~

92O. Intelligence and public relations will be oondunted by the Intelligence
Officer of the C~ unit to which the OAPC uutt tm attached. Thts officer wlll
utilize the enstatance of the OAPO Squadron Intelligence Sergeant er If the CAPe
unit is a Yltght or Section. the assistance a designated member thereof. CAPO
Intelligence personnel may prepare ~tertal and pictures for placement in school
p a p e r s o r e l e e ~ e r e , s u b j e c t t o t h e a t ~ r o ~ l o f t h e O A P w a t t I n t e l l i g e n c e O f fi c e r.

93O . A l l C A P " t r a i n i n g w i l l b e p t t r s u a n t t o ( 3 ) . C a d e t s ~ 11 t a k e t h e s a m e
courses as CAP memhere wader the same standers of Instruction and examination.
~Llified Cadets ~ff be dent~ted as instructors.
Flight tratnt~ will be optional for Cadets.
_1 NO Cadet wader 16 will be carried aloft or will enter or approach an
airor~t vtth the ermine running.
2 A Owlet 16 or over m~y fly or may enter or approach an aircraft with
~.~ the engine z~nntn~ only if he files with the CAP unit written consent fr~ parent
or g~ardten.
1.

94O. Oedete will not participate In CAP operations except by order of the Nat i o n : 1 O o m a n d e r i n e m e r g e n c y. T h e y m a y p a r t i c i p a t e i n v o l w a t e e r u i s e t o n s o n
ant~ents such as Roard ~aty or in CAP pz~cttoe missions, meetings, and mobtltsation by order of the O~ unit commander and on ouch duty will be under the
o r d e r s o f s u c h O ~ o r C i P O o f fi c e r s a s h e : a ~ a s s i g n O Ve r t h e m .

O. Equlpaent and fanilitioe will be used b~ O~PO pursuant to (8) and under
the custody and direction of the CAP uuit commander°

O. Orders for insignia and m:pplies will be prepared ~ the OAPC Squadron
Supply Sergeant or by a designated member of a 0~0 Flir~t or Section for tranmmlttal to the supply source by the O~ wait Supply O~flcer (4) who will iomae the
supplies to the OA~O unit.
1, ~he uniform of a 0~P Cadet will oonsiet of the foll~n~ garments as
prescx~bed for enlisted men of the ~-m~z khak~ or chino shirt without choulder
loops; black tie; khaki or chin~ trousers (skirt ~ be worn by girl me,bore);
web holt with plain buckle; plain ten shoes; plan tan socks; and ~rienn cap
w i t h r e d p l ~ l n ~ a s p r e s c r i b e d f o r C A P. ~ h e fi e l d J a c k e t i s o p t i o n s 1 . C i v i l i a n
o u t e r ~ r ~ e n t s m a y b e w o r n i n c o l d o r r a i n y w e a t h e r. O t h e r w i s e n o i t e m s o f c i v Ilian wear rill be worn with the uniform and portions of the uniform beartn~
insignia will not be worn with civilian ~amsuts° The cap ~lth wiser vii1 not
be worn. No unlforn item other than those above naaed will be worn.

Insignia will be worn by all Oadets as follows:
1 QAPO emblem, cloth: red 3-bladed propeller on white triangle on 2-~/4" blue disc, same
as O~ emblem without the "USa a~d with "OAD~u
added below in red letters on white background;
se~n on the left sleeve of shirt and field Jacket,
~m below the shoulder seam.

(~ actual size)

2 Silver CAPO pin: I~" long in letters
3/8" high;--worn centered above the right shirt
pocket with the bottom ef the letters ~" above
the top ef the pocket flap.
5 O~C cap emblem, cloth: red 2-bls~e4
propeller with white win~s on a l~u blue disc; sewn
on the left side of the garrison cap, I" from the
front and half ~y between the top and bottom of the
cap.
3.

(actual size)

size)

Insignia for C,J~O officers are authorlsedas follows:

1- Functional titles, cloth, optional for Squad.s Cemmandort Squadron
Staff, and Flight Leader: white letters~n high woven on blue fabric, to be sewn
on the left sleeve centered ~N below the CAPS emblem.
_2 C~evrons, cloth, for grades prescribed in (91-7) : khaki on red backg r o p e d s a m e a s p r e s c r i b e d f o r C A P, s e w n o n b o t h s l e e v e s h a l f w a y b e t w e e n t h e
s h o u l d e r s e a : a n d t h e e l b o w.
4. On civilian garments, CAP Cadets will wear no CAP or OAPC iniignia except
t h e s m a l l w i n g e d l a p e l e m b l ~ n p r e s c r i b e d f o r C A P.
97- Finance
O. A CAPC unit may maintain a fund as in the case of a CAP unlt (7) subject
t o i n s t r u c t i o n s o f t h e C A P u n i t c o m m a n d e r.
98- Miecelluneeue
0. Each CAP unit commander will report through channels each month as to
the nun~er of Cadets and the general status of Cadet organization and training
nader his command.
99-

Pro-Cadet ?ralnin~

O. CAP unit couanders at their discretion are authorized to cooperate wit~
public schools and with the ~o7 Scouts of America by furnishing instructors and
by enlisting teachero and Scout Leaders in CAP for training.
Not_.__ee: Supply sources for CAPO insignia include the follevlng:
G e m s c o , 3 9 5 4 t h A v e . , N e w Yo r k C i t y ~ - C A P S s l e e v e e m b l e m , 2 5 & c a .
(Minimwa order 6 pieces)
~0 cap emblem,
15# ca.
R o b b i n s 0 o . , A t t l e b o r o , ~ s s . - . . . . . . . . OAPC silver letters, 65~ ea.
(Mintmmaorder 3 pieces)
O t h e r O A P O i t e m s , w h i c h a r e t h e s a m e a s s p e c i fi e d f o r C A P, m a p b e o b t a i n e d
from the sourcem listed in addenda to Part 6.

RULES Mar 29 43
32-

~ 0

Z 2

Military (¢onti~l)

2 . I ~ t r Y D r i l l T ~ t : Wa r D ~ t , ~ s i ¢ F i e l d ~ 1 ~ 2 2 - 5
Drill Regulations~ GPO 30g Credit 20 hours, subdivided as follows:

m i g h t y

2A 5 hours C~apter 1 of ManuAl and first 2 sections of Chapter 2 on positions and facings, plus simple =etchings.
5 hours Chs~ter 2. See. Ill; attain p~oficiencF in marching..
2C 10 hours Drill in formations, to the extent the size of the local unit
permits, pursuant to applicable portions of the Manual, especial]~v Chapters 4
and 9. If ~rill is with arms, learn Manual of Arms, Chapter 3.

/

~.~

1 Nothing is more stiemlating to the morale of a military unit than
well ooB=anded and well executed drill movements. Bead carefully the 2rid paragraph of the Manual on the purposes of drill, especially as regards giving command
experience to ~nior and non-coealssicned officers° 3vety me.bar likely to Join
t h e A r m e d F o r c e s s h o u l d l e a r n t o g i v e c o w. a n d s . C A P t r a i n i n g h a s m e a n t t h e r a p i d
a ~ v a n c e m e n t a n d t h e m o r e e f f e c t i v e s e r v i c e o f ~ n o v i n t h e A r ~ y.
2 In addition to the 20 hours required for each member, each unit will
cond~t at least 1 hour of drill per month without additional credit. Time ~ent
on training for Interior Guard Duty (32-8) stud Revie~ and Inspections (3~6) will
be in addition to the 20 hours required for Infantry Drill.
A good beginning for a re~a~ weekly unit meeting is to line ~p the
unit promptly for roll ~all and half or three-qv~arters of an hour of drill or
calisthenics (37-2) o
4 Drill with arms if possible. If rifles or shotguns sze not available,
wooden guns resembling Arm~ rifles can be made. Cooperation of the industrial arts
departments of local schools ~ be solicited for the purpose.
3 , ~ a ~ e A ~ u a r d i n ~ M i l i t a r F I n f o r m a t i o n 1 h o u r Te x t : C A P T r a i n i n g M a n u a l 3 ~ 3 ;
CAP Rules, Part 2
1 People who cannot learn to keep quiet about what theF see and hear
are likely to be more ~ than helpful to the war effort. This subject+ along
with Military Courtesy and Discipline, will he thoroughly impressed ~on new me~~ers on enlistment and often reviewed.
4 . A r t i c l e s o f W a r 1 h o u r Te x t : C A P T r a i n i n g M a n u a l 3 2 - 4 O p t i o n a l Te x t :
Military Laws of the United States, GPO $2
t These a~e the general ter~s of service which apply to members of the
Arme~ Forces. It is required that all me~ers become familiar with the Articles,
a n d w i t h c e r t a i n ~ A t l e s o f 1 , 8 . n d . W ~ r f a r e w h i c h ~ p l ~ t o C A P.
5 . I n t e r i o r ~ u a r d D u t y 4 h o u r s Te x t : W a r D e p t . B a s i c F i e l d M a n u a l 1 ~ 2 6 - 5
"Interior Guard Duty" GP0 10g
1 Many units of CAP have posted guards over airports and air.raft. In
local disasters such as floods, CAP members have guarded entire areas.
2- lnst~otion 1 hour lecture and at least 3 hours practice in the entire
guard procedure, preferably at flFtng fields or buildings that actually ~ be
guarded b~ the local unit. All members will learn the ll General 0r~ers by heart.
6 . ~ v ~ e w ~ a n d l n s ~ e c t i o n s 2 h o u r s Te x t : W a r D e p t . A i r C o r p s F i e l d M a n u a l
]1( 1-60 0P0 lO#; Infantry Drill Regulations, Chapter 9
1 Lecture; practice thoroughl~ so the unit will be ready at any time for
inspection by a high ranking officer or official.

S ~

~ 3

~ W G

CAP DUL-~S Mar 29 4~

7 . D u t i e s o f ~ o ~ u d ~ u d ~ t a ~ f O f fi c e r s 2 h o u r s Te x t s : C A P T n a l n i n g
Manual $2-7; CA~ ~Ales 17.
1 Lectures. It is required that each member understand thoroughly
~-~
the d~tiee of the officers and non-oomisetoned officers of his unit and, in a
g e n e r a l v ~ y, t h e d u t i e s o f o f fi c e r s i n h i g h e r C A P u n i t s a n d t h e f u r t h e r d u t i e s t h a t
are perforaed by ~ officers of similar function° Learn names of local CAP officers.
S.

L e a d e r ~ h i ~ . a n d C o J l m d 3 h o u r s Te x t : C A P T r a i n i n g M a n u a l N o . fi
Lectures and study of text° This course evere principles which are
fundamental to the operations of all military ~tuitee
9 .

M t l i t a z 7 C o r r e s p o n d e n c e 2 h o u r s Te x t : C A P T r a i n i n ~ M a n u a l 3 2 - 9
1 Learn thoroughly so as to be able to write ellitary letters and" endorse=onto in correct form vlthout aid of text.
1 0 . O p e r a t i o n s O r d e r s 1 h o u r Te x t : C A P T r a i n i n g M a n u a l 3 2 - 1 0
1 Learn to write orders in correct form without aid of text.
I I . Y ~ r e a r a s S h o u r s Te x t : W a r D e p t . Y i e l d M a n u a l Y M 2 ~ - 2 6 Q P O I S #
1 I n c e r t a i n m i l i t a r y o p e r a t i o n s o f C A P, t h e c a r r y i n g o f p i s t o l s i s
n e c e s s a r y. A t ~ a i r p o r t s , C A P m e = b o r e a r e p e r f o ~ n l n g g u a r d d u t y v i t h r i fl e s .
shotguns, pistols, or revolvers,
_2 £Al me~bez's should become familiar with the :eohanlsm, use, and safe
car~Ing of these weapons, especially the pistol, an~, if possible, with other
vespone such as the Thoapson sub-maahine gun.
5 Ta r g e t p r a c t i c e , a t l e a s t w i t h . 2 2 c a l i b r e r i fl e s a n d r e v o l v e r s , i s
rec~end~l where possible. Cooperation ~ be sought from near~y units of the
A t : y, N a v y, a n d S t a t e O v ~ a r d s , ~ d f r o m l o c a l p o l i c e , s c h o o l s , a n d r i fl e c l u b s f o r
facilities and instruction.
4 A r m s w i l l b e s e r r i e d o p e n l y - - - w i t h o u t c o n o e a l a e n t . ~ h e Ye d e r a l G o v e r n meet, the States, and ~any :unicipalitles have lays and regulations as to the possession, carrying, and use of firearms° ~he inclusion of this course in the SAP t~ainl e g p r o g r a m m u s t n o t b e c o n s t r u e d a s g r a n t i n g p e r m i s s i o n t o a n y o n e t o p o s s e s s , c a r r y,
o r u s e fi r e a r m s e x c e p t i n s t r i c t o o ~ p l i a n c e w i t h l a w.
C o u r t s ~ a r t l a l 6 h o u r s Te x t : W a r D o p t e M a n u ~ l f o r C e v ~ s M a r t i a l G P O ~ i .
1 As in civilian life, a me~ber of a military organization is entttle~
to a fair hearing when serious charges are brought against him. It is desira~le
that all CAP members gain a general under~tanding of the procedures, the legal
terms in octanes usage, and the principal offenses for which punish:e~t is necesnal~
to maintain militar~ discipline. A thcrongh stud~ of the Manual will give good
h a c k ~ r o u n d a s t o t h e p r i n c i p l e s o f l a w.
-5 Required training will consist of a series of lectures, preferably by
a n a t t o r n e y, a n d a m o c k c o u r t m a r t i a l m a d e a s r e a l i s t i c a s p o s s i b l e .
12.

~ Civilian Defense
O. It is the duty of ever7 CAP ~it to prepare for local emergencies which
may come through action of the ene=~or of ene~vngencies. In so preparing, the
unit will be ready for natural disasters such as floods or tornados. It is the
duty of each ~nlt to leszn defense techniques so that it will be able not only to
~orkwith other protective ngencies~ut to opsr&te on its ors where neceesaxy°
1. Local Civilian Defense Familiarization I hmxr Io text; instructors will
get current information fro~ appropriate local agencies.
I ~aaillarlze me=bets with local civilian defense, polloe~ fire, and fir~taid agencies: the service they perform: where they are iccatedu how they can be
r e a c h e d ; a n d h o ~ t h e C A P u n i t = a y c o o p e r a t e w i t h t h e m i n e ~ e r g e n c y.

~.~

~.4

SAFEGUARDINO MILITARY INFO~ATIOH
Credit 1 hour

CAP TRAINING MANUAL 3~-3
Mar 29 43

1. The enemy 18 in search of information, some of which you ma~ know without
realtsing its importance. A ship sailing here or & flight of planes there z,ay be
Just the fact an enemy a~ent needs to complete his Jig-saw puzzle of clues to ou~
military operations° Think what that would hate meant had the element of surprise
been removed from our capture of French Africa. Loose talk, even about matters
w h i c h & r e c o m m o n k n o w l e d g e l o c a l l y, m s ~ 7 c o s t m a n y A m e r i c a n l i v e s b y h e l p i n g t h e
enemy compile data which he can fit into a ~ttern. The loss or disclosure of
military infor~tion is a serious offense, especially in warttne.
2. Civil Air Patrol has kept its secrets well. The work entrusted to it by
t h e A r m e d F o r c e s t h e r e f o r e h a s i n c r e a s e d i n s c o p e a n d r e s p o n s i b i l i t y. I t i s t h e
d u t y o f e v e r y & e m b e r t o l e a r n a n d o b s e r Ve t h e r u l e s o f m i l i t a r y s e c r e c y.
3. There are two types of military information: (n) olaesifte~ lnfo~aation.
which is either (1) secret, (2) confidential, or (3) restricted, as will be defined
below; and (h) unclassified information which is available to the public. Because
t h e p r e s s a n d r a d i o o p e r a t e u n d e r t h e C o d e o f Wa r t i n e P r a c t i c e s o f t h e U , $ ° O f fi c e
of Censorship and are cooperating fully in withholding news that might help the
~ / e n e m y, y o u c a n b e r e a s o n a b l y s u r e t h a t i t i s p r o p e r t o d i s c u s s m o s t o f t h e t h i n g s
that you read. But even then. unless it t8 evident that the information has been
m a d e p u b l i c b y p r o p e r a u t h o r i t y, y o u m s 1 h e l p t h e e n e ~ b y r e p e a t i n g a n d p u t t i n g
your own interpretation on some of the thingB you see in print.
4 . W a r D e p a r t m e n t C i r c u l a r I 1 . ~ . A p r. 1 7 . 1 9 4 2 . b y o r d e r o f t h e S e c r e t a r T o f
War througk the Chief of Staff, points cut how inforl~tion of value to the enemy
~y be published through ignorance of its eignif~canee with the result of defeating
the purpose of the Code of Wartime Practices. The Circular sets forth ~ cons t i t u t e s l n f o r w a t i o n o f v a l u e t o t h e e n e m . v, i n p u ~ D a s f o l l o w s :
A. Factual information of our armed forces--Such inforwation includes
the organization, composition, strength, state of training, equipment or armament
of any unit; the morale of our armed forces; mmtinp or sedition within a command;
identification and location of units; nssigmaent of personnel; the nntivetien or
contemplated activation of new units; the ~ottcal emplo~nent for which units are
organised or trained| tactical doctrines of our armed forces; the movement of treope
within or without the United States; the assembly of units in a staging &re& or port
of enharkation; weather reports; romps or photographs showing the detailed disposition
~.4 of our forces at home or abroad; nilttary operations contemplated or proposed, or
information which ulght focus attention upon training, permonnelD or equipment from
which the character or location of future operations might be deduced; casualty
lists; photographs or descriptions of damage to military objectives; and matters
of similar nature.
2. y~ttu~l information of our lozistice--$uch information includes ~eecriptions, photographs "or maps of war industries or military installations, airfields, rail terminals, highway systems, or storage facilities; lnfonzation of new
des~_zns of, or experiments with, weapons, equipment, or production nachinery~ inferrotation about war contracts, type of production, production schedules, datel of delivery; estimated supplies of strategic and critical materials or rate of pro~uction
of an~ nrnanent, equil~eat, or other material of war; inforuation about movement.
a s s e m b l Y, o r s t o r a g e o f s u p p l i e s o r m m t e r i a l s o f w a r ; a n d m m t t e r s o f s i m i l a r n a t u r e .
C° Information for ~r~a~andu use--Infor~ation which may be used by the
e n e m ~ f o r p r o p a g a n d a t o a f f e c t t h e n o r a l e o f o u r p e o p l e o r t h a t o f f r i e n d l y, n e u t r a l .
or enemy peoples°
i format o which weuld lee~ the, ene~ to an interpretation
~'~
D. tra
of our war plans or intelligence.

Page 2 CAP TRAINING ~L~UAL 32-3
5. ~aeic teEn/arlene governlng classifled informatlon are set forth In AD~7
Regulations 380-5, from which most of the following has been taken, classified
information will be discussed only with military or civilian personnel havin~ s
legitimate interest therein. No person in the military service or employed by it
is entitled to tnfo~atton solely by virtue of his position. Information will be
entrusted only to these who need it in the perforsance of their official duties.
Public or private discussion of classified information in the presence of ~nauthorized persons is strictly forbidden. Clerical and technical work on secret and confidential matters will be performe~ only by trustworth~ persons. The 3 types of
classified information are defined by £R 380-5, in part, as follows:
A . S e c r e t - - W h e n d i s c l o s u r e m i g h t e n d a n g e r n a t i o n a l s e c u r i t y, c a u s e s e r i o u s i n j u r y t o t h e i n t e r e s t o r p r e s t i g e o f t h e n a t i o n o r a n y g o v e r n m e n t a l a e t l ~ t y,
or would be of great advantage to a foreign nation. The dissemination of secret
matter will be held to the absolute minimum. Information ae to the contents or
whereabouts of secret utter will be disclosed only to those persons whose duties
require such knowledge. It ts exclusively for the official use of the person to
whom it is di~lged or issued, who will be responsible for its safe custody and
s e c u r i t y. I t s i n v i o l a b i l i t y i s t h e d u t y a n d r e s p o n s i b i l i t y o f a l l p e r s o n s h n v i n g
knowle~e thereof, no matter how obtained.
B. Confidential--When disclosure, although not endan~er~n~ the national
s e c u r i t y, m i g h t b e p r e j u d i c i a l t o t h e i n t e r e s t o r p r e s t i g e o f t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s , a
g o v e r n m e n t a l a c t i v i t y, o r a n i n d i v i d u a l , o r b e o f a d v a n t a g e t o a f o r e i g n n a t i o n s
Confidential military information will neither be discussed with nor disclosed to
unauthorized persons. The contents or whereabouts of confidential documents, eryptographic d~ices, or material will be disclosed only to those persons in the Government service whose duties require that they have such knowled~e and to such other
persons of especial trust who must be infonned. Those to whom confidential inform a t i o n i s e n t r u s t e d o r d i s c l o s e d a r e r e s p o n s i b l e f o r i t s s a f e c u s t o d y a n d s e c u r i t y.
O . R e s t r l c t e d - - ~ h e n i n f o r m a t i o n I s f o r o f fi c i a l u s e o n l y. o r w h e n i t s
disclosure should be limited for reasons of administrative privacy or denied the
general public. The information contained in restricted documents and the essential characteristics of restricted mater~al will not be communicated to the public
or to the press, but may be given to any person known to be in the service of the
United States and to persons of undoubted loyalty and discretion who are eooperatin~ in Government work.
6. Authority to classify military taformatlon is as follows:
A. Secret--Matters may be classified as secret only by the authority of
t h e S e c r e t a r y ~ U n d e r S e c r e t a r y, o r a n A s s i s t a n t S e c r e t a r y o f W a r ~ t h e C h i e f o f S t a f f
or an Assistant Chief of' Staff on the War Department General Staff; a ehlef of a~,
service, or the ~atlonal G~ard ~uxeau; a general officer; the come~andln~ offloe~ of
a depot, poet. ca~p. or station; the commandant of a general or special ser~ce
school; or a military attache.
~. Confidential or Rsstrieted--Do~umente, development pro~ects, technical
d~ta, and materiel m~y be classified as confidential or restricted by any eosmiesioned
officer.
7. It Is important that military Information be protected by classify~n~ it in
t h e p r o p e r c a t e g o r y b u t o v e r - c l a s s t f t ~ t ~ o n i s t o b e a v o i d e d . To l ~ b e l a d o ~ e n t
"Confidential" rather than "Restricted" ms~ needlessly lt~it its use. In CAP eorreepondence~ when there is some reason for privacy but when no matters Of ~lllt~ry
confidence are involved, the label "Personal" uill be sufficient.

(More)

~/

.~

J

CAP TRAINING MANUAL SS-2AB
Mar 29 43

MORSE CODE
PHON~IC ALPHABET

38-2A Norse Cod~ Credit S hours; learu to send and receive International Code at
l e a s t 8 w o r d s a m i n u t e w i t h b u z s e r a n d b l i n k e r.
1. Ymowled~e of code is ~tndezental to the ooumuntcatione phAsee of CAP
missions. The sending and receiving of messages by dots and dashes not only plsy8
an important part in operations such as Coastal Patrol but may prevent disaster
i n e m e r g e n c i e s w h i c h m a w r c o m e i n a n y c o m m n t t y. ~ p l a n e s h a v e b e e n s a v e d b y
CAP members who ~lashed them landing direction with ordinary flashlights.
2 . ~Iding the structure of the
code will help fix it in your mind. Note
hew the 26 letters of the alphabet are
aeei~ed amo~ 30 possible combinations.
Logical arrangement according to brevity
of signals would follow the order of frequency in which the letters are used in
E n g l i s h : E , T, A , 0 , N , R , I , S , H , D , L , F,
C , M , U , G , T. P. N . B . V , E , X , J , Q , Z .
J The code apprexl~tes this sequence.

One at Three at
a Ti m e
a Ti m e
E
S ...
T U ..Tw o a t
R .'%

W °--.

F o u r a t a Ti m e
H .... B-o..
V ...- X - . . F ..-.
C "*'e

..--

I ..

D

-..

A e'*

K

--e'P

,',--

N - .

G
0

-~.
---

D .--.
J .---

M --

L .-..

T- . - Z--..
Q

- - o -

~-.
Oh----

S. The code can be memorized in less than an hour by associatlag a key word
w i t h e a c h l e t t e r. T h i s m e t h o d i s f r o m a n a r t i c l e b y ~ e n ~ a m i n G r a h a m i n E S ~ I R E
Magastae. March, 1942. Pretend that the dashes are consonants and the dots are
~ v e l s , i n c l u d i n g N a n d Y. S e l e c t w o r d s w h i c h b e ~ i n w i t h o r c o n t a i n e a c h l e t t e r
of the alphabet and in which the vowels and consonants occur in the same order as
t h e d o t s a n d d a s h e s f o r t h e r e s p e c t i v e l e t t e r. In some cases the key word will
have to contain an extra letter in
J .--- (J)umpe S ...
l~rentheeie to fit the code. Se~
A .- At
(S)ooo
K -.- Keg
lect your own words. The more ab- E -... Beau
T T
surd they are. the easier you can
L .-.. aLee
U ..- U.a.l.
0 -.-* Code
M -Md
V . . . - (Victory)
remember them. After ~ou haws
P -.. DS~
l e a r n e d t h e c o d e t h o r o u g h l y, t h e
No
E .
N -.
N .--- N.p.b.
~
key words will sllp from your mind P ..-. wife
0 --(O)dde
X -..- hoaX
Y -.-- myth
and the dote and dashes will stay
Gnu
P .-". (P)oppy
(}--*
H .... (N)owie Q--.- sQu(a)d Z - - . . ( Z ) z s o
with you. Here is a sample set
of key words:
I ..
4. Another usy
to memories the code
is by the following
groups, useful in sending practice. Stud~ of
these groups will help
you distinguAeh between
letters of similar pattesn.

N
I
S
N

*
..
...
....

A .N .--J .----

5. A~ter ycu are able to write the vhele alphabet, practice with the dote
and dashes in ~ur spare time. As you go down the street, translate signs into
M o r e s , t h i n k i n g o f a d a s h a s w d a , a n d a d o t a s O d i N . R e p e a t i n g t h o s e ~ 7 11 a b l e s
o u t l o u d a p p r o x i ~ t e e t h e s o u n d o f t h e l e t t e r s o n a n o s c i l l a t o r . Yo u c a n p r a c t i c e
b y w h i s t l i n g , r e c k i n g y e a r f e e t , o r t a p p i n g y o u r fi n g e r s . Ta p o u t l e t t e r s a t r a n dom. USend" words from a book or magazine. ~iming i~ as follows: a dash is as
long as S dots; the interval between dots and dashes within a letter is us long ae
1 dot; interval between letters. S dots; betweea words, 5 ~ots. ~ the above practice, you can soon learn to send much faster than the required 8 words a minute.

CAP ~'~IWXN@ ~ 38-~t.~

XORSZ CODE; ~ONL~ZC

6. Following are the 10 digits, which are easy to learn, and the ~mctuationz
most commonly used. There are m n~saher of other Ir~nctuations and general 8i~s
but these here liete~ will suffice for all ez~tnax7 plLt~oses.
1
2
3
4
5

°---* * ~
...-o.,°..*..

6
7
8
9
0

-,,°,
-~.o,
---..
~ - .
-----

Period °* ** **
Coams
.*.-.Semicolon - . - ° - °
Colon
---..°
(~ostien mark ..--..

°°...,
3 z Te r
]~d of Menage .-,-,
R e a d y, g o a h e a d - , Wait
,-°.,
Distress ,..---,..

7* Xt is harder to learn to receive than to send. Where equipment is availa b l e , a g o o d o s c i l l a t o r o p e r a t e d b y a n i n s t r u c t o r, o r c o n n e c t e d w i t h a m o t o r - d r i v e n
device operating with a punehed ~aper ribbon to transmit letters at various speeds,
is best. Headphones are used in radio schools. ~ut inexpensive buzzers readily
obtainable at toy stores are good enough. Practise keys, operating on two flachl~ght batteries, are made 8o that with a turn of a switch they will work as a
blinker or as a buzzer or will cllch like a tele~h, ~vo sets can be connected
s o s t u d e n t s s e n s e n d m e s s a g e s t o e a c h o t h e r, O p e r a t e t h e k e y b y m o v i n g t h e f e r e a n s
rstherthanenl7 the wrist. In classes or with &fellow student, praettee writ$~g
m e s s a g e s o r J u m b l e d l e t t e r s a n d n u m b e r s s e n t b y b u m m e r. T h e y c h o u l d b e s e n t n o t
less than 5 words per minute. Tho~ yo~ will miss a good ma~ letters at the
start, given combinations of dots and dashes will soon begin to mean to 7eu the
l e t t e r s t h e y r e p r e s e n t . I f t h e s e n d i n g i s t o e s l o w, t h e s e c o m b i n a t i o n s w i l l n o t
bays the right 17t~ &ud will not sound as code actually sounds°
Carry on until
~ou san ~nderstandmesuges without the aid of pencil and p~er°
8 . L e a r n l i k m r A e e t o r e c e i v e h l i n k e r m e s l a g e e . I n e m e r g e n c y, i ~ p r e v i n e d
signallngbylighte, by heliegraph, or wavingahandkerchief~be a Btter ef
llfe er death, ln wig~ wignallng, el lag is held vertically on a mall staff
and ~ved in a loop to the right of the sender for a dot; to the left fe~ a dash.
9. The &boys 8~abole are the International Code, used in cable8 or wifeless.
The original Horse, or Horse Land Code, used by American telegraphers, differs as
t o 11 l e t t e r s a n d t h e n ~ n b e r e . L e a r n i n g t h a n i n n o t r e q u i r e d f o r C A P b u t h e r e t h e y
e ~ e ° N o t e t h e t L l e a l o n g d a c h a n ~ t h e r e a r e ~ p a o e s i n t h e m i d d l e o f C . 0 , R , T,
and Z.
l
2
3
4
5
6

.--,
..-,.
...-.
..,.~ .
°***..

7 --..
8 -....
9 -..- 0
Period .,.--..
Com~ ,-**.

C
Y

. .
.-.
-.-.
- . .
.,°,,

L
0
P

~
R
X
T
Z

,.-.
. ..
.-..
. . . .
. . . .

8-2B Phonetic al~bet Credit 1 he~Lr; learn ~ heart.
1. Then trying to tr~u~lt pesple~e initials over the phone, Fou h~ve probabI7 said gS as in Sam. F as in Yrank~ to avoid confusion between l~tters of dinilar sower. The Az~AlrForcee. in all theatres, use the following set of words for
cobbled operations with o~r Allies to insure phonetic clarity in voice messages by
radietele~he~e:
Able

Dog

~eerge

~lg

Mike

Peter

S~ar

¥ietor

_~aker ~asy

How

ling

N_an

~ueen

Ta r e

W_illian

_C~arlie Fez

~te~

~eve

Oboe

Roger

Uncle

~-Ray

_ Yo k e
Zebra