File #769: "WWII Office of Civilian Defense Civil Air PAtrol GM-48.pdf"

WWII Office of Civilian Defense Civil Air PAtrol GM-48.pdf

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Subject: Courier Service
To :

All Unit Commanders

i. Numerous units of the Civil Air Patrol are rendering courier service
for the transportation of personnel and cargo on behalf of the armed forces,
official agencies, and war production pleats. It is recommended that all units
of the Patrol use their initiative in finding opportunities for such service.
2. Courier service may be in the following categories:
~. ~--Non-recurrent missions to fill special requests.
b. Route service--Flylng of regular routes on fixed schedules, or
on a stand-by basis with trips when service is requested.
~. ~--Trlps in and out of an airport on an official
airj traffic route, radially to outlying fields or by established route circuits
surrounding the main field.
--Trips between a courier station and all
d . F d points of plck-up or destination.
~. ~--Operations to carry OAF courier traffic within
a given area.
S. Services other thau area service are likely to operate with light
loads and often with empty return trips. It is desirable that CAP courier work
be pooled within each area so that planes flying with a light load from one user
of the service can be filled with passengers or cargo from other users.
4. Although light planes are capable of long trips, they can be used
m o s t e f f e c t i v e l y w i t h i n t h e i r n o n - s t o p c r u i s i n g r a n g e . F o r e f fi c i e n c y, e c o n o m y,
a n d s a f e t y, c o u r i e r p l a n e s s h o u l d o p e r a t e w i t h i n a r a d i u s o f i 0 0 t o 1 8 0 m i l e s
from their stations, so that pilots will fly over terrain with which they are
familiar and will not be away from their home stations overnight. It is to be
anticipated that a major percentage of CAP courier traffic will be relatively
short haul.
5. For transportation over longer dist~uces, it is recommended that
consignments be relayed from one CAP courier unit to another so that each unit
will stay within its own area. As courier stations develop, their areas can be
fixed with rel~tion to each other and to the logical routes for through traffic.
A through shipment may be taken from one station to the next, or it msj be
trans-chippod at a relay point on the boundary between courier station areas.
At such point, the local CAP Squadron may aid in the service. It is important
to share the work as widely as possible among Patrol units.


The following general rules will govsrn all CAP courier missions:
g. -Rotes will be in accordance with 0p~rations Directive No. 16&A.
~. All courier missions must be covered by CAP accident, crash,
and liability ins~,zance. Be sure personnel carried are adequately in~urod. N:~,w
directives on passenger insurance will be issued.
~. All courier tr~ps must be under ~pecific operationa orders.
~ . N O c a r g o o r p a s e e r ~ e r s r. a 7 b e c a r r i e d e x c e p t o n o f fi c i a l
business f~r official agencie~ of Federal, State, or local governments; the
A~erican Red Cross; end industries engaged in war production. In the absence
of such passengers, pilots will fly s/one. Una-athorlzed passengers or cargo must
not b~ carried.
~. &ll cl~arance and fllght rule~ of the CAA and the armed
services, and all applicable CAP directives,, must be strictly observed.
~. Strict~,st safety stsz~dards mu~t be nalntained as tc flight
procedures omd airworthin*~s of planes. Cl~nces must not be t~eno Either the
p i l o t o r t h e d i s p a t c h i n g o f fi c e r m a J c c . u c e l ~ fl i g h t o n g r o u n d s o f s a f e t y. C a r ~ o
must be carefully secured. Duel controls mu~t be rendered Inoperative.
g . Competition '~ith established commercial carriers must be
strictly avoided. This is exclusively r~n emergency w~rtize ~rvice.
h . To c a r r y p e r s o n n e l , p i l o t s m u s t h a v e ~ 1 5 0 h o u r s fl y i n g
time, including 50 hours cross count~, at leazt I0 hours pf which shall have
b e e n fl o ~ m i n t h e p a s t 6 m o n t h s . P i l o t s o f l e s s e r s k i l l m ~ c a r r y c a r g o o n l : r.
i. All personnel engaged in courier ~ervice ~mus~ be accredited
members of CAP and will carry their CAP identific~.,~ion c~"ds.
d. The full and correct CAP uniform will be "~orn by members end
~ t h e C A P i n s i g n i a w i l l b e d i s p l a y e d o n p l ~ n c s " o n c o u r i e r d u t y.
~. 0nly airplanes ~ th2~ 90 h.p° will be a~signod to courier
missions. The heavier planes ar~ needed for other duties.
i . D o n o t y o n d e r u n p a i d s e r v l c ~ e x c e p t i n e x t r e z o ~ m e r g e n c y.
~. Car~iag of firearms, if necessary for g~rding of Dlanes ~ud
cargo, will conform to a~plicahle l~ws and regulations.
~. All courier plans, designation of courier stations, ~u~ assignment of members to active duty on courier work mu~t be D~lly reported to National
Headquarters and will be subject to orders from Rational Headquarters,
7. GAP units at ioc~tions which seem logical courier points may ~r~pare
for operations by making preliminary surveys as follows:
~. T
--By interv'ieW and joint conferences with
agencie~ and Industrle~ in the area, ascertain vol~e, nature, smd dircotlon'of
potential traffic. (Hold contacts with armed services to a minimum unde~ coordination of Wing Headquarters so a~ not to t~ke too much time of busy officers or
to make dupllcati~ or conflicting proposals. If ~ny Army or Navy unit wants CAP
service, it can ask permission through ohm/reels from the Chief of the Army Air
~ o r c e s , w h o , i f h e a p p r o v e s , w i l l r e q u e s t t h e N a t i o n a l C o m m a n g e r o f C A P t o a u t h o r. s
the work.)
~. ~_~--Fly practice missions to survey probable traffic
~outes. Compile detailed information on terrain, emergency !~uding areas, prevsJling weather conditions, and airports of destination.
c. ~--Sel3ct sites for courier stations and make plans for
t h e i m p r o v e m e n t o f f a c i l i t i e s w h e r e n e c e s s a r y.
~. E_~,--Survey avs/lsble planes and reps/r facilities t~
be sure that airworthy equipment will be available.
a. PP----Select pilots, including women, best qu2.1ified and
available for service. Appoint provisional courier offieer~.




f. ~Confer with adjacent GAP units to ascertain their
traffic facilitie~ and requirements and to reach agreements as to the relaying
of consignments between units.
~. ~--Work with traffic control officials to simplify
the problem of clearances.
~. ~~e sure to get the best possible r~vice on
insur~ce, traffic, maintenance, and other technical matters.
8. Courier operations may begin wherever deman~ for service exists
and sufficient funds c~n be found, on approval by National Headquarters. If
service is for war industries, it is recommended that the companies participating
underwrite the entire cost of the courier stations, pay monthly service,
end pro-rate additional expenses at the end of each month on the basis of traffic
c a r r i e d f o r e a c h u s e r. I n a d d i t i o n t o t h e h o u r l y r a t e s p ~ i d f o r p l a n e s i n
fl i g h t a n d t h e p e r d i e m p a i d t o e a c h p i l o t w h e n o n d u t y, t h e r e w i l l b e o v e r h e a d
itcms for secretarial assistance, talephone, office supplies, and miscollsn~ous.
The accumulation of an opers ting fund is recommended. contributions may
be accepted by Wings, Groups, and Squadrons.
9. A typical courier station will be staffed by a Dispatching 0fficer~
other officers where needed--the least number consistent with sound management; :
a clerical assistant, if needed; and sufficient pilots to carry the traffic.
Officers will be pilots who will fly on courier missions to the extent that
operating conditions permit. It is indicated that one pl~s should be standing
by for each two pl~nes in service. It ms~ prove best to use active duty volunWez
serving ~0 days or more to get a station started. But ns traffic develops, all
the members in the area who are qualified to fly should be given an opportunity
to serve in rotation. Caution must be exercised in assigning only the pilots
o f p r o v e n c o m p e t a n c e a n d r e l i a b i l i t y.
lO. Details will be worked out as the program develops. It is importan
that National Headquarters be kept currently informed on all courier plans so
that information can be pooled and arrangements for tie-ins between sto tions may
be coordinated.
By d~rection of National Commander J0~U~SON:

Captain, Army Air Forces
Intelligence Officer