File #710: "WWII Office of Civilian Defense Civil Air Patrol GM-122.pdf"

WWII Office of Civilian Defense Civil Air Patrol GM-122.pdf

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NATIONAL HEADQUARTERS
C I V I L A I R PAT R O L
500 FIFTH AVENUE
NEW YORK 18, NEW YC~

I0 March 1944

Subject:

We i g h t a n d B a l a n c e D a t a - - A A F L i a i s o n Ty p e A i r c r a f t

To :

All Wing, Group and Squadron Commanders

I. Attached hereto are true copies of AAF Regulation No. 55-3
Weight and Balance Control of Heavier-Than-Air Aircraft, lO June 1943,
and AAF letter 55-5, Compliance with AAF Regulation 55-3, ,~eight and
Balance Control of Heavier-Than-Air Aircraft."
2. Unit Commanders will examine Handbook of Weight and Balance
Data, AN Ol-l-40, carried in each AAF Liaison Type aircraft allocated to
CAP to make sure that strict compliance with AAF Regulation 55-3 has been
accomplished.
3. It is he understanding of this Headquarters that the
Airplane Weighing Forms referred to in paragraph 2, have been accomplished
f o r e a @ h s u c h a i r p l a n e . I f , h o w e v e r, s u c h F o r m s h a v e n o t b e e n a c c o m plished for every aircraft, Unit Commanders will solicit the aid of the
Weight and Balance Officer at the nearestArmy Air Base so that proper
steps may be taken for compliance.
By ~irection of National Commander JOHNSON:

HOWARD S. STERNE
M a j o r, A i r C o r p s
Asst. Operations Officer

RECORDS I~!ANAGE~ENT DIVISIOI~
CAP-USAF

numePous~

Adjutant General
~ ~ DISTRIBUTION.
i As indicated plus
. ~.~ Headquarters offices

~.~Q, A~COP~.
' ~ j~i. THOMAS E BARNES

,~

i~. Ins~uces

4-6404,AF

alroraft...will,:be, dividcd Inte-elassifinatiqns,:.as follov~s:.~ a~
Glees I includes any aircraft
o.f ~thieh is such,that no loading arrangement Illely to be

i~craft ~he,~.design., and

..... .

~Of...whiqh" i~ ~such~ha~oit~,~M,Lbe ioed~d~r, eadily~.In a=manner
. ~hich.~l~l~ ~r e s ult ~i6 r, it a~; cent er n e~ r,gr a~ity ~ fall.ln~¢be~end
the longitudinal, vertiealj er lateial limits reconmended by
~ ~i~th~"aizcraft~-manufeeture~ e~d ap~rove~b~,sthe Ggy~rnment.~ ,1

,~ ~t i,~ ~ ~.F~c¢.~ Airoraft~,olaesifieation~ll.,be~ete~dned~bM the ~-ErL.-.ineer- ~ ,
-)~ :~:" o~,~.~,ingcDivision~.!)~terlel, Command, Wri~ht,Field~- Dayten, ., Ohio
"
-,fist ~eO lat~:th~ tineL~he~irplane-~-ees' into;p.roductiono=~%~ _~ ,2
~

~.(~
~...

[

2, Weight and Balance Officers. The comm~ndin:~ officer o~ each base
or 8roup,=eperatin~ .a~rcraft-A~ll eppo~nt.a ~'teight..,~endzb~lance:.effiee~.te ~A
c o n t r o l ' : t h e ~ w e i g h ~ a n d . - b a l a n e e = o f , - % h o ~ a i r c r a f t i m d e r, : : t h ~ - j u r i s d i c t ~ _ o ~ e f
t h m t ~ p a r t i c u l a r. , b a s * o ~ g r. o u p : ~ A w e i g h t ~ a n d ' . b o l a n e o / o f fi c e r ~ i l l , b e ~ . ~ , ~
appointed by the resident representative at each aircraft m~m~acttu~crs~fi n a l a s s e m b l y p l a n t a n d a t e a c h m o d i fi c a t i o n c e n ~ e r. T h e s e o f fi c e r s ~ i l l
have~en~ineerin~.=trainin~, an~ experience' or, ~.~ill ,be graduates of the
~.~" ~ ~" Te o h n l o a l = Tr a i n l n ~ C o ~ m a n d We i g h t a n d B a l a n c e S c h o o l . ~ T h e . ~ e i ~ h $ J a n d
" "~
b a l a n e ~ . ~ o f fi o e ~ . . v, i l 3 ~ h a v e a u t h e r i t y : , ~ o . p r e v e n t a i r p l a n e s f r o m ~ e i n ~ fl ~ m
until ha...has'appreve~ the,~loading. ~-c~ -.- ~::~,!~?y~.~:', :or ~ ~o£
3... Wpi~ht and BalaneeCont~ol System. All alrcra~t' trill.be provided
with ~ei~ht and bale~nce control as outlined in the N~ndbon~,K of Wcicht and
Balance-:Data, AN O1-1-40, Class 2 ~iroraft ~ill hav~ the hzm~eok m~pFlemente~ by. the .ep~rova~ balance computer.
~ ~ " ~ :[~¢~':~'-~.:.~ ~d7 "~.o
A.:" Weight and Balance Control Records:
a, A complete and detailed v:ei~ht end balance rccerd will he
- maintained coverlet, the eta.rue oF each airplane from the date
of erizinal manufactnre until it is salvaged. Aircraft manuf a c t u r e d a n , ~ d e l i w r e ~ ~ , p r. ~ o r t o t h e d a t e o f t h i s R e , ~ u l a t i o n ,
~[~:., ..... ann for ~hich-~,ei~ht nnd bal~,nce 9mfor~ation has not been
..... prepared as speeifie~l herein, ~-~ill be rmiq".ed ~nd the appre-

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.,: ....... ~ ....
appropr:
ma~%ained in accordance ."
:
~ ~-ith~:thc provisions;'se% .f6rt~ in this Regulation. Approved balance , 4
computers ~and blar~¢'~pies of the Handbook of Wei.~ht and Balance Data
'!'~'.
:will .be obtained by requisition (AAF Form No. 102) on Heada,~mtors,
,2;;:'i~
Air Service O~and, Patterson Field~ Fairfield., Ohio, Attention:
:
Publications Distribution Branch. In the-case of the approved balance
c o m p u t e r, . t h e - r e q u i s i t i o n . v r l l ~ : s ~ t e t h e s e r i a l n , m b e r a n d m o d e l o f
~..
the airplane in '.&ich the Instru~.ent trill be installe'~, or the purpose
"~'
. fO~:vhich the c~puter.~is to, be<used, ' ~." ~ " ~-.~..:'~-:~;.:.~'."~,~ ~'_~.,',:-~-:,,:,j~.. a~,~ ~:~
."

_ : :~:-~!

b. It,,;will':be %h'e responsibi1It¥ o¢:tho':prlme: manufac~zr~.::contract~" tO" " :;:'~
'
~dioate the. status .of eadh a~z~lane: at ..%1~9.- o~. de~ 4ve~ ~r~ .the ". "-,. ~-.':,......~
F a , ~ t o r y. b y e o m p l e t ~ , t h e a p p r o ~ r ~ % e f o r m s f o r ~ e i ~ h . t e ~ d b a l a n c e
:' ,.~;.:

..~ i.~

/~ : ".i/(i): ,.iThe H~bo~k 'o~.'~disht.?and':Bai~ce ::'Data~v./£1~ :beo~led cce, p!ete ' ' : ......

~" ' " '~::~,i!:'~,:s~m~r~ ;the "a~z~lane.~ser~alTnumbe~'.m0del designation, b~si~ "
". ~ ¥ . . . ~ .' . ./. i. ..,.~!. .i ,. .: :. ~ ~ " ; . . : ; , : w e i g h t , a .n d b a.,.s i c .i. n d . e x v a l .u e s . ~ i l ! b.e i n s c r i b. e d o n t h e c ~ r ~ T ~~=
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: .::::: ?:~..,¢ase- ~dentxficetion car~ one,the computcr;~" .The entire- assembl~
~:'~:
i / ~ * : : ~ : ~ u ~ l , ~ i n , ~ . , , t h e - a p P r o v e d b a l ~ c e . c o , p u t e r ~ . . , ~ . i l t b e r, o m ~ t ~ d s e c ~ m e l y
.":i!i:.!~ ~~the-~p~o~"s :':c~%ment"e~dJacent'.tO..the data: case;," - " .. : . .. --.
'~["~.
::::

- . ( 2 ) . ; : ' O n o ' o ~ o £ ~ . C h e ' r t s ~ A , ~ : G i ~ m d ' E " : : o r. : t h e , H a n d b b o k ' o f , . ~ e i ~ t a n d " . . . . .
,
' . Balance Data, co,feted ~or each airplane acttml]y ~,~i~h~.d,
' ~'T~.~rtogether with-ca :.lAst'. of e~lanes ~by : scrls I :nunber :'fcrr, r~hich that
~;~
~!:"-~-~',
"
..~~-.-~...:='~.~:":
/~;'i:.~i:....:.
-::~-~ '.:~,;",~ii :.

~ ! ; - . : ~ ' ~ C w. e i ~ I n ~ i s ' - c o n s l d e r e d t o b ¢ r e o r e s e n t a t i v c , . " : - - , i l l b e . s u b m i t t e d t o . " ( ~
.i/.'.~:.: : ~.e A/mcraF~.!~borator~, EnF,~eerin~-J.Division, .,:~ter~el Ochre, rod,
-----.
" "
: - ' : W r i v, h t F i e l d ,
-.'... ,...,-. - -......
~ : : ~ , . ~ . . : , . - . .-,,: .........,'~ .-,-,..,.~ "..,~...~ ..........~,~
.... ..
~., .
~. ~,.,~-~,~ ~..~.~ ~..~,.:=.~.~,.=~ _.,.=. =,, .~..~,., c .~. ,~.,,,~ "..~,~ ,..,.~..~;.~,~
~. Mc%Lifieation centers,"r~ir deuot~,~or other a~:eneles m~k.~ ch~es "~
. or alterations to the airplane structureor eq~ipmen~ a'~fectln~ i;he ....
"basic weight. and balance will contim~e or beF~nthe. -~'ei~.ht snd balance -

.... :.:.~,"..:,.
;":~::!/:': "
.9:'~,~:~..-".:~.:-';
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(I) Recalculate'the ~;e~ght and balancc.or reweizh: the :.~mplane~ t'or". :
"~ all the. changes have. been completed; ~ If a. copy ofthe..Ha~dbook .~
~'.~'~.'i. of.::Teigh~.and:Balance Data Is~not .~n, the. airpls.n@.. (hav~..n~ been ,:..
. . : " l o s t o r n o t f u r n i s h e d ) t h e a i _ . ~ p l ~ n e ~ , ~ i l ! b e . w c i F h e d , . ' . P r o p e r. - . . . . . . . . . . :,
entries will be .~de in the Ham4b.ook of V!clg,..ht e~d Bal~ce Data
' " '.' : ~"" .to bri~ the .s~tus record ..oF~ .vez~ht and .balance up..to .Rate...
"'

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"'~ :'. ...... ~ ' " - ' . ' , . " ' ~ ' . ' . n . . . . . . . .- . , ' . ~ , . ' . . . . ' , ' i ~ " 7 / " ~ . ' : ~ " : - "

( 2 ) . O n e . c o m p l e t e d : c o p y o f c h a r t s A , : B , c n ~ " , : C c x ~ d t h e v. ' e i F. h i n ~ f o r m "
of the Handbook of ~eigh% and Balance D~t~ ~ill be submitted by
or .p~n~zations :~ith~n the cont.~ncnte.l l~its o£ the United S~tes .
t o t h e A i r c r a f t L a b o r a t o r y, E n g , i n e e r i n ~ D i v i s i o n ~ ~ . ~ . t e r i e l C o m m a n d ,
WrJ.~ht Field, D~yton, Ohio o~, .~a~h ~.irplane at the time of weighing.
A(lditio.nal blank cherts an.,:, ":~o.i~l,..Ing for~..e .may be obtained from
the Oomm~ndin~. Genere.l~ He~v~_~ters, Air Service Com:,~nd, Fairfield, Ohio.
.
"
~ , I % " r, l l . ~ b e t h e r e s p o n s l b i l i ~ y o f t h e ~ , c i F h t a n d b a l a n c e o f r. i e o r , ~ d e r
v:hose Jurisdiction an ~ir~lane's ~..'..'ci~:ht ~-nd balance control passes
f r o m o n e a s s i f . ~ . - n t t o a n o t h e r, t o c o n t ~ _ n u e o r t o b c F i n . t h e ~ e i K h t
and balenco record as :~ollo-rs:
.

3-~.~99,AF

....... ...................................................... , ...... " ........ i ..... ..... i ........., .......
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t. .+_' ~ - +. H e n d b o m ¢ + , o. f. ~ . .~ .e. i~ ...h .i .. .e .n d .+. B a l a n c e + .D ~ t a b .:.. o n ~' Yn ~ . ~ , t o . a n a i r . . . ..~,~
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L~rther usb,,..O~.'+:hlL'spac++:*~n'.the charts .ts..usedl up, the
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" -. .~.oigh.% and- balanc e Officer ~' charge will obtain a next
i i,'ii~
'~+~
+::m~+~.m,~+#k .~ +handbooMi .~.'.i bia~form,!:rmm~h, the alrplanc if.. necessary,
+ .+"
: t ' an~..h~lanc i contro~ 'again,
P.,."+..~._, :~ + " s~art.~+tho+.re~ord.:Of~ + eigh
,+',~
+ and. - . . . . . . . . . ~ ' " ' ~ "
-'C
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, . ~ L ~ w W. . ~ e n , a n e ~ J . . h a ~ b o o k i s ~ p r e p a r e d - 1 0 . r e ~ l a c d . a + : c o m p l e t e d + .
:.",':-~
':+:
" ~~'+~handbook,.~ll~ ch~. s B.;on..~.~hioh. entr$os+havo been made uLll.
'++.~ o~ "~'~~.~ %ransfe .~+ ed ;+%0 an~i.re~a:tnod.: ~. ,%h.~/:+ne~- ~lmndb0ok for. " .
,,:i~;~++.+~+
".:::t-x+
+':"+
+.. o,P ~_~.,:h:~storical ir+.o¢(~rd+ip~.pbses+ +~,A],!.+. a:,% , b e ~ a s + a t t a i rewoighed
.z.c*;o+ft',rrill-, be n e d a t
: . ' and thelrbas c ~ci~ht and ~lancc,t,'~..
.
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' ' . - + . ' : . ~ "l e a s+ % .J 'o '.n ,c. ~e . .. .e. a c .h .y e. a r , . . . . . . .. ........ . . . . . . . .,......... ~.,.,.;+.+".~:.,~+,...~,.:+,:..+-i+i'~+
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D a t a o n ~ h ~ c h n e w e n t r i e s a r e m a d e a t t h e t i m e o ~ ., + {, e -t ~ .h. ~ n ~ , .+-, ~:-+_:.
. +.
~ .;
~ .;:?:+]
. . :
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to, ether rrlth a copy of the r%i~hin£, Form_, When an airplane
%.
,~leave~.,th~.,,:United,~Stat~.the .~oi,~ht" e~d+ balance officer st
" ,!.+.' "
t h e p o r t o f o . ~ . . b a r k a t i o n w $ 11 ~ . o ~ ' ~ r d t o t h e .s ~ m e a @ . d r e s s o n @ . . . . .:.+,.
~;~.~+~
"+~~ +
' ~ - " : . . + : , . ~ . c o p y o f F o r m : : - F o f % h e H a n d . b o o k o f , . ' Ve i ~ t e n d B a l a n c e O a t a . ~ . ~ . ~
..":
+: " ~ T v ' _ ~ + ~ - ~ ' : - : o . ~ i e t e d ~ o ~ o ~ h s n d e v e r y a i r n l a n e a t t a k e - o f f ~ _ n . a c b 6 r ' ~ : " . "
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. ~ . ~ t ~ d a n c e - , :r l t . ~ ' .~.e ~ n s t r u c t i o n s c o n t e . i n ~ d : m t h e H a n d b o o k . .
i
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(3) - D u t i e s o f w. e i p h ~ , s ~ a b a l a n c e o f fi c e r s ~ i ~ i ~ I ~ . 6 " ~ _ d ' ~ g ' : ~ , : ]
" +- .
pilots "+~ %he use. of the ~]~nco computer "and, :.the:~ -'+ -loa~TnZ. ... ":+:::,:' " ' ,:":~:.
.
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,+ ..... , +
. . ~'~. A-,~%
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I t ~ i l ! b e ~ h e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y o f t h e , . ~ e i ; - h t a n d b a l ~ d b e . . . . . . ,,~+~;+ ""
officer to hnvc all scales trader his Jurisdiction certified
:~+.I'
by a competent inspector of weic.hts nnd measures or-calibrated by the scale manufacturer%service re_nresen~a~ive once~ ":
ever~ six months.
. . . ,.~,,~.. . :~.:.+-.~
+ . ~ , . , . , . ,.++~.~ .~.+~.~.',.':< .:.~:+:!i+~,~+.~

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:~ ~%..+,;~.~:. ~ . .:...~,..+,~,.~
--". -.. ~ _,~- '+,'~ c .~ .~_ ~'::,~:.~.~H

It .."Ill be the responsibil~-ty of the person perxormxnc'-~n.e,.r .!,:',~. ¢~' ~ ,,..~,

+

balance calculation to ascertain by -qns.~ection that. %he"ai~plane'+..'.~...~:

i,.act lo.ed -_'n ocor ..oo +th bal .c

~ .

5 .

"
~ , . . . . ,;'" ~ ++"- ~÷A
+[+.0 .,.,+-5,-; .+"" .; + 1:~,++I,,~
In case a new Fern F is not required for a take-off, certlflca- '
t i o n w i l l b e m a d e o n . t h e fl i g h t c l e a r a n c e , A A F F o r r. . . N o . 2 3 , o r
t h e l o c a l c l e a r a n c e f o r m t o t h e e f f e c t t h a t t h e w e i r. h i a n d
balance status of the alrvla~.e :;.s identical ~.~th that sho.nn on
Form F filed at (insert) field on (insert date) at (~).

~cntralizcdC0ntrpl of~;eif~ht, and B&!anccData:
The ~teriel Com.~nd, Wrip.ht Field, Dayton, Ohio, be.+~p, the
c o n t r a c t i n ~ a . p , e n c y f o r. t h e p r o c u r e n c n t o f A A P a i r c r a f t , + . - i l l b e
the only AAF or+,~_nization to request ueivht ~mta or the services
o f : : e i p . h t e n g i n e e r s f r o m a n y A A F c o n t r a c t o r.
3-889~:AF

- , ."

~or~nd.~ ~.rich%.~ield, D.a~on,: 0hi6'~i~+Jlrou,c.h .the uroper : : :
:'.3;~ i~.~' charmels .and: not to. a n~.'~,.~contract?r. - -- ~-~ ~.
.. ~:: ~::,::
"

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( '.-,~.~t,~,.~:~" "~" ~'. "'~ ..... ".~";:'" "''"".:" :" : :~'""~,:~''a./" "'.~,"~'~' ".'~ ~.
t ~ , i ~ ; " ' - - ~ . j ' , ' " A n .v . t. r a ~ J~ - e ~ l ~~s - o r -~,t~c.r .a ~ u r o. : -o.r --p u b l i c a t i o n s ,
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~ncludlng ~:"
.,":~:'~'-'~:~'~.~ .::~ tex%bool:s or.any school coarses; on the suhjoctr of ~cight
":!~,-,~,~! ,~ .bsl~nce~i-for t~a~n~n~ of~A~. P'ersonnc! and.:: s~onsored by

~A~F orSah~.zation"br~..:~AF ~on%ract.or .n~_~" be:-submitte~
r A~' Forcos, tothe
~teriel CO~end ~for "
apnro~Z:prior to ....

accept
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any a:
~ ~Tithout ". This is~a i: '"" ~
~'.~1i bei" strictly enforced.'.,

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