File #429: "Operations Directive No. 7 March 12, 1942.pdf"

Operations Directive No. 7 March 12, 1942.pdf

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OFFICE OF CIVILIAN DEFENSE
CIVIL AIR PATROL

OPERATIONS DIRECTIVE)
NO. 7
)

NATIONAL HEAI~UARTERS
WASHINGTON, MARCH 12, 19~2

RULES OF LAND WARFARE

1. General
It is imperative that members of the Civil Air Patrol be
thorough~ familiar with certain fundamentals of the Rules of Land
Warfare and that Civil Air Patrol operations be conducted in acorda n c e w i t h t h e s e R u l e s . To t h i s e n d , U n i t C o m m a n d e r s w i l l r e g u l a r l y
bring to the attention of all members of the Civil Air Patrol the
R u l e s o f L a n d Wa r f a r e . T h e e x t r a c t s f r o m t h e R u l e s o f L a n d Wa r f a r e
presented herewith will be read to all enrollees when the oath of
office is given. Unit Adjutants will occasionally call attention
to these Rules at drill formations.

The aoe~ extracts are from ~ar Department, Basic
F i e l d M a n u a l F M 2 7 - 1 0 p " R u l e s o f L a n d Wa r f a r e " .
3.

Distribution

Copies of this Directive will be distributedtoUnits on
the basis of four copies per Unit.
~. Rules
A s a Vo l u n t e e r C o r p s s e r v ~ a s a n a u x i l i a r y t o t h e A r m e d
Forces9 the members and Units of the Civil Air Patrol will observe
the following rules:
a. Obey their officers.
b. Wear the Civil Air Patrol shoulder patch sewn on
t h e i r c l o ~ .
c. Carry openly such arms as may be required.
d. Conduct operations according to laws and usages
o f w a r,
5.

Questioz~ By the Ene~

S h o u l d a C i v i l A i r P a t r o l m e m b e r b e c a p t u r e d b y a n e n e m y,
the ene~ Intelligence 0ffieer would probabl~ ask ma~ questions in

Operations ~ive Be. g

an attempt to learn as ~mnh as possible about our Ax~ and Maw/. Under
t h e R u l e s o f L a n d Wa r f a r e , i t i s n o t n e c e s s a ~ 1 o a n s w e r t h e s e q u e s t i o n s .
Prisoners of war under these Rules are required to give on~ the followi m g i n f o r m a t i o n t o t h e e n e o ~ : " N a m e , g r a d e a n d s e r i a l n u m b e r. .
6.

Requirement

Due to the importance of this Directive, its contents will be
impressed upon members of the Civil Air Patrol by frequent reiteration.
By Command of Major General ~:

Tra~ & Operations Offiear

Operations Direotive No. 7

XT ACTS

OF LLSp

( Wa r D e p a r t m e n t B a s i s F i e l d M a m m l F M 2 7 - 1 0 )

1 . T h e ~ R u l e s o f L a n d Wa r f a r e a r e b a s e d o n v a z i o u s t r e a t i e s
which the United States has entered into with other nations of the
world. As ear]~ as 1864, Red Cross oonventions were held. The Hague
Convention, first held in 18~, relates to the laws and eusto~ of
w a r o ~ l a n d . S u c h s u b J e o t s a s t h e ~ r e a t a e n t o f p r i s o n e r s o f w a r,
their parole, the rights of citizens in oooupled oo, m~r~es, and the
prohibition of the use of certain types of weapons were set forth in
treaties to which the United States and other nations beoame signat o r i e s . T h e r e a r e a l s o u n w r i t t e n r u l e s a n d l a w s o f w a r.
2 . W h e n a n e n e = 7 o o o u p i e s a h o s t i l e o o u n t r y, t h e p o p u l a t i o n
is divided into two general classes, known as the a~ed forces and the
~af~ ~o~lation. Both olasses have distinot rights, duties and
diskbiltties. No person ~ be!~n~., to both T~.m~eS at n,~ a,~ the ~e
time.
3. I~ is important that lawf~ belligerents observe the
R n l e s o f L a n d Wa r f a r e s o t h a t w h e n e a p t t t r e d t h e y w i l l b e t r e a t e d a s
p r i s o n e r s o f w a r.
4- La~ belligerents are composed of axles, militia, and
volunteer oorps. ~e laws, rights and duties of war app]7 not on]7 to
araies, but also to militia and volunteer oorps fulfilling the followiDg oondltions:
a.
b.
.
d.

To b e o o m m ~ e d b y a p e r s o n r e s p o n s i k l e f o r h i s
subordinates.
To h a v e a fi x e d d i s t i n c t i v e e m b l o n r e c o g n i z a b l e a t
a distanoe.
To c a r ~ a r m s e p e n ~ .
To c o n d u c t t h e i r o p e r g t i o n s i n a o e o r d a n o e w i t h t h e
l a w s a n d u s a g e s o f w a r. I n o o u n t r l e s w h e r e m i l i t i a
or volunteer oorps oonstituto the ar~, or form part
of it, they are inoluded under the denomination "army".

Combatants and nonoombatantss--The armed foroes of the
belligerent parties Nay oonsist of combatants and noncombatants. In
the ease of eapture by the ene~, both have a right to be treated as
prisoners of wax'.