File #206: "CAPNews-OCT1977.pdf"


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Nebraska Wing
WASECA, Minn.--After having been
accepted to attend the solo encampment, I
arrived in Waseca on July 22. The first
place we went after our arrival was to the
Waseca Municipal Airport where we were
introduced to the encampment commander, Maj. Jim Bates.
We were invited to look around the field
and at the airplanes we would be flying.
W e w e r e a l s o a s s u r e d t h a t "all
friendliness will cease tomorrow."
Altogether there were 13 CAP cadets
and about seven certified flight instructors on hand for the opening day of en.:~.ampment. After a Friday night briefing,

we cadets were up and ready to fly at 0700
on Saturday morning,
To open the day, we were given from
0700 until 0800 to dress, clean up and eat
breakfast in the University of MinnesotaWaseca cafeteria. At 0800, we would board
the bus to proceed to the Waseca Airport.
Upon our arrival, we conducted the flag-

raising ceremony and received our morning
briefing from Maj. Bates. Immediately
following the briefing, the scheduled flight
of cadets would go to their assigned instrnctors and aircraft while the other
flight would go to the terminal to receive
their ground school instruction.
At about 1000 hours, the flight receiving

flight training would go to ground school
and the other flight would go to their airplanes. When 1200 rolled around, we would
all board the bus to take us back to the
cafeteria to eat dinner.
After dinner, we would go through the
same schedule as in the morning (excluding the Bag-raising, of course) until
1630 when we would lower the flag and
board the bus to take us back to the dorms
for a night of free time until 2200.
This same schedule of events was
followed every day until Friday the 29th
when we had the traditional shirttail
cutting ceremonies.
(See SOLO, Page 2)



{O. 10

Recognition Scheduled
For Brewer Winners
ATLANTA, Ga. -- Civil Air
Patrol will honor two 1977
winners of the Frank G. BrewerCAP Memorial Aerospace

Award in October here at the annual meeting of the National
The two are: CAP Capt. Jule
Zumwalt. director of Aerospace
Education for the California
Wing, winner in the senior
member category: and the Air
Force Association of Colorado,
winner in the organizationindividual category.
No award will be made this
year in the CAP cadet category.
The award, consisting of an
engraved plaque, commemorates the late Frank G.
Brewer, a Birmingham, Ala.,
trucking firm executive, for his
lifelong interest in aviation.
youth and education. To win the
award, nommees "must have
made an unselfish, outstanding
contribution to aerospace
(aviation) or must have encouraged others to do so."
Capt. Zumwalt is a junior high
school teacher who teaches elective courses in beginning and advanced aerospace subjects. She

AWARD--CAP Cadet Kent D. Hiestand, left, accepts Spaatz
Award Certificate from Ch. (Maj. Gen.) Henry J. Meade,
Air Force Chief of Chaplains, in ceremony at Boiling AFB,
D.C. (See Story, Page 2.)

organized and taught the first
California Wing Aerospace
Education School in February of
this year and compiled and
publ~hed a book which is a guide
to Aerospace. Education
publications, teaching
materials, etc.
The Air Force Association of
Colorado has co-sponsored
aerospace education workshops
in Colorado for 22 years. The
association extends financial
support to CAP units in the areas
of flight training, scholarships
(See BREWER, Page 2)


IVing Adds.
Two Saves
MAXWELL AFB, Ala. -- Civil
Air Patrol's Minnesota Wing
added two more in late August to
the organization's growing list
of lives saved in 1977.
A mother and daughter from
Wildwood Bay, Minn., became
the latest recipients of CAP's
life-saving efforts after they
became lost while exploring outlying areas of th6 Wildwood Bay
resort area.
Thirty minutes after being
notified of the emergency situation by the local sheriff, the
Minnesota Wing had three aircraft in the air. Approximately
15 minutes later, a CAP aircrew
spotted the mother and daughter
in the swamps southwest of the
The local sheriff's department used an all-terrain vehicle
to return the survivors to the
resort. They were listed in good
The latest two saves bring to
37 the number of persons in
desperate need to whom CAP
has brought help this year. This
is three more than was recorded
in all of 1976.

CRASH PROBE--FAA representative AI Hunt, left, gives
detailed instructions to CAP cadets who assisted recently in
the investigation of a fatal crash in Michigan. The cadets, all
members of Michigan Wing Group XII, helped remove victims from the wreckage, guarded the site, and aided the
FAA accident investigator. The cadets in the photo are, from
left, Dennis D. Kaip, Kevin Nietzke and James Hubanks.

'78 Aerospace Ed
Congress Scheduled
DALLAS, Tex.--The 1978
National Congress on Aerospace
Education is scheduled for April
5-8 here at the Dallas-Hilton
This annual congress, the only
national aerospace education
leadership meeting held in
America; is co-sponsored by
Civil Air Patrol, the Federal
Aviation Administration, the
National Aeronautics and Space
Administration and the National
Aerospace Education Association and attracts aerospace
e d u c a t o r s, s p e a k e r s a n d
aviation-aerospace personalities
from the worldwide aerospace
Dedicated solely to the field of

aerospace education, it provides
educators with a favorable
awareness of the new
developments, advances in
technology and innovative
techniques which are occurring
daily in this challenging field.
This congress also serves as a
promotional vehicle to establish
aerospace education as an iraportante1ementofthe
curriculum in the nation's
schools and to develop leaders in
aerospace education at the grass
roots level -- those people who
can spread the gospel of
aerospace education throughout
(See AEROSPACE, Page 2)




Zack Mosley Picked
F o r A O PA A w a r d
HOLLYWOOD, Fla. -- The
Aircraft Owners and Pilots
A s s o c i a t i o n ( A O PA ) h a s

Ed Meet

(Continued From Page 1)
the crossroads and community.
The theme for the 1978 congress will be "Leadership,
Education, Aerospace and the
Future (LEAF)"-- and the
program will be an in-depth,
motivational, informative one.
Attendees will hear speakers
such as William "Bill"
Magrnder, executive vice president of Piedmont Airlines; Prof.
George Walter of Lawrence
University; and Harold Pluimer,
a former regional director of
aerospace education for CAP
and now a freelance writer and
The congress will also feature
a heritage segment led by Paul
Garber of the Smithsonian Institution and including some
famous old-timers in the field of
aerospace, as well as the
National Aerospace Education
Association's Hall of Honor
In addition, a "Mini Congress
"r$"~will be presented next year.
This one-day program is designed to present a group of 500
educators from the Dallas-Fort
Worth area with an exciting
glimpse into the aerospace
CAP members involved in
aerospace education at all levels
are urged to attend. All CAP
wing headquarters, liaison
region commanders and liaison
region directors of aerospace
education will have registration
Anyone in~terested in
attending the 1975 National
Congress on Aerospace Education should contact one of those
sources for further information
and registration forms.

selected CAP Col. Zack Mosley,
creator of the adventure'comic
strip "Smilin' Jack" and
longtime supporter of general
aviation, to receive the
organization's Laurence P.
Sharpies Award for 1977.
C o l . M o s l e y, a c h a r t e r
member of Civil Air Patrol, will
receive the award Oct. 22 here at
AOPA's "Industry Exhibit and
Plantation Party."
According to John L. Baker,
AOPA president, the award will
be presented in recognition Of
the "more than four decades in
w h i c h M r. M o s l e y b r o u g h t
general aviation into millions of
homes through the popular cartoon strip."
Baker also cited Col. Mosley's
work with Civil Air Patrol as a

reason for his being selected to
receive this-year's award. Zack
helped found Civil Air Patrol and'
flew coastal patrol duty with the
Florida Wing during World War
II. He later served as wing commander.
He began the "Smilin' Jack"
adventure strip in 1933, the same
year he began taking flying
lessons. Col. Mosley earned a
pilot license two years later,
and the aviation-oriented cartoon strip continued for 40 years,
syndicated to hundreds of newspapers. It was retired in 1973.
The AOPA established the
Sharpies Award four years ago
in memory of the association's
founding chairman. Presented
annually, it carries a $1,000

Chief of Chaplains
Makes Presentation
Officers Training Corps
scholarship and expects to serve
as an Air Force navigator after
graduation. He currently plans
See Photo, Page 1
to make a career of the Air
presented Civil Air Patrol's Gen.
During his four years with
Carl A. Spaatz Award to CAP
Cadet Kent D. Hiestand in a
Civil Air Patrol, CadetHiestand
colorful ceremony here in late earned both a private pitvt~
ti~. ~glider license. In
1975, he participated in the InterCadet Hiestand, the son of Mr.
national Air Cadet Exchange
and Mrs. Harry E. Hiestand of
program by travelling to GerHockessin, Del., is a member of
the New Castle (Del.) Cadet Sq.
many under CAP sponsorship.
He is also a graduate of the Air
He has been a CAP member
Force Academy Survival
since 1973.
Course, sponsored each summer
The prestigious Spaatz Award,
for CAP cadets by Civil Air
highest which can be earned in
CAP's Cadet Program, is always
presented by a general officer,
an elected state or federal official, or by a cabinet-level official. The award signifies completion of the Cadet Program
and carries with it an automatic
promotion to cadet colonel.
Cadet Hiestand is a sophomore
at Colorado University, studying
mechanical engineering. He has
(Continued From Page 1)
a four-year Air Force Reserve
We cadets felt ourselves very
fortunate to have good weather
the entire week and excellent
training under top-notch flight instructors who were very
thorough and patient. The
minimum allowable dual time
before solo in Minnesota is eight
hours and the instructors had
agreed not to solp anyone before
Wednesday afternoon.

(Maj. Gen.) Henry J. Meade, Air
Force Chief of Chaplains,

RADIO TRAFFIC--Cadets Edward Fisher, standing, and
Michael Leone, members of the Okinawa Cadet Sq., listen to
radio calls on a simulator used by the Air Force's 67th Tactical Fighter Sq., a part of the Pacific Air Forces. Members
of the CAP unit spent a day touring facilities used by the
67th. The Okinawa Cadet Sq., located at Kadena AB on the
Japanese island of Okinawa, is the only CAP unit located on
foreign soil.

BEST CADET--Air Force Col. Donald B. Zook, right, from
CA~. National ~_ltead~ - ~IL~B,-~.~~~
gratulates Cadet Jack Conley and presents him with trophy
f o r b e i n g s e l e c t e d B e s t F i r s t Ye a r C a d e t a t t h e N o r t h
Central Region Cadet Leadership School. The school was
held this summer at Kemper Military Academy, Boonville,
Mo. Cadet Conley is a member of the St. Charles Cadet Sq.
(Missouri Wing). The next cadet in line, Vernon Lee Martin
Jr., was named Outstanding Drill Cadet. (Photo by 1st Lt.
Dorys L. Hollandswortb)

Solo Flying Encampment
Draws Praise From Cadet

B y Tu e s d a y n i g h t , I h a d
become completely confident in
my flying, yet I was still having
some trouble with my landings.
After reading the section on landings several times that night,
Wednesday morning sawme
make some pretty good landings.
So, after eight hours of instruction in such elements of flying as
stalls and recovery; takeoffs and
landings, emergency landing
procedures, ground reference
maneuvers, slow flight, slips,
spirals, steep turns and many,
many others, I was found competent to solo Wednesday afternoon
by my instructor.
I was found guilty of one mistake in my solo and that was
failure toput the flaps back up
after my final landing. Because

of this mistake, I was awarded
the E. J. Block (one of the instructors) Travelling Boo-Boo
Award which was a gold-painted
propeller with both of the tips
curled as a result of one of Maj.
Block's poorer landings. I was instructed to carry that prop with
me at all times until the next
morning when I was relieved of it
and it was handed down to
another poor fool. Eventually
every cadet had to carry it at one
time or another.
Three of us soloed Wednesday
and the rest did it either Thursday or Friday. Friday afternoon
was the time when we all had our
shirttails cut and everyone
(while in full fatigue uniform)
was pointed towards the lake

Brewer Awards
(Continued From Page 1)
and for educational materials. It
also sponsors an annual high
school Aerospace Education
symposium for the state.
A committee at National
Headquarters, Maxwell AFB,
Ala., selected the winners from
nominations submitted from
across the nation.

where the ceremonies took place
and given the command,
"Forward, march!"
We all marched straight out
into the lake with Maj. Bates
following close behind until we
reached water that was about
shoulder-deep. At this time, we
proceeded to throw the instruc~
tors in the water, one by one, and
afterwards everyone was treated
to an afternoon of swimming at
the Country Club.
The total hours of flight time
that I received at the encampment were 11.6, with 9.6 of these
being in a Cessna 150 and two in a
Cessna 172. We were given rides
and flight time (one-half hour) in
a '1"-34 trianer. My instructor put
me through three aileron rolls
and a spin to demonstrate
recovery methods and to see how
much my stomach could take.
All in all, I had a great time at
the solo encampment and would
encourage any cadet interested
in flying to look into this opportunity. Thanks to the efforts of
Col. Keith Glaze (Lt. Col. Lester
K. Glaze of the Custer Comp. Sq.,
Nebraska Wing), Cadet Steve
Lewis and I now have our long
waited-for wings.





Hudson Patrols Aid
River Boating Safety
M O N T G O M E R Y, N . Y. - Members of Civil Air Patrol in
this area of New York state
assisted the Coast Guard Auxiliary through the summer in
promoting boating safety in
assigned areas along the Hudson
CAP flew a Sundown Patrol
each Saturday and Sunday from
6 p.m. to 8 p.m. during the
months of July and August.
The flights began at Orange
County Airport, then to Beaver
Dam Lake, Cornwall, then south
on the Hudson River to
Verplank. The aircraft then
turned north on the Hudson and
continued to Ulster Landing,
then south again on the river to
Danskammer Steam Station,

then to Stewart Airport for
refueling and return to Orange
County Airport.
Minimum altitude for the
flight was 500 feet except at
Verplank and above the river
bridges. Weather minimums
were adhered to.
Object of the flights was to
look for boats or persons in distress in the water. Oil slicks,
fires, and any unusual situations
were observed and reported. :
U.S. Geological Survey maps
were used in identifying the
areas of the sightings. Radio
communications were maintained with the CAP base at Orange
County Airport from where the
information was relayed to the
Coast Guard Auxiliary.

Kentucky Holds Clinic
SUNDOWN PATROL--Capt. Warren Bernstein, comander of the Palm Beach Senior Sq.
(Florida Wing), pilots Cessna 150 on one of Civil Air Patrol's "Sundown Patrols." The
squadron flies the patrol each weekend from Hobo Sound to Boca Raton on the Atlantic Coast
of Florida, looking for boaters in trouble and needing help. "It's amazing," Capt. Bernstein
said. "You can have a boat intronble a mile offshore and nobody will know about it." The
"Sundown Patrols" are not difficult missions, squadron members say. (Photo courtesy of
Palm Beach Post)

C. Patrol Aids Two Boats
SALEM, Mass. -- The sundown patrol (reported in the
August edition of Civil Air Patrol
News), which the Salem Comp.
Sq. (Massachusetts Wing) has
been flying this summer in
~C0bpOration with the Northeast
Surf Patrol, has paid off here in
this popular boating area.
In late July, the patrol brought
help to two vessels in distress in
the area, both within minutes of
each other,

The first involved the 36-foot
yacht, "Orndeen," reported to
be taking on water four miles
south of Baker's Island. The
CAP plane flew to the area,
located the yacht and directed
another boat to its rescue. The
plane then brought a police boat
which pumped out the distressed
vessel and towed in to port.
A short time later, the plane
was notified of another vessel in
distress, the 24-foot yacht, "Ex-

poctation," which had suffered
engine failure. The plane failed
to find the vessel at the indicated
spot, but widened the search and
found it a short time later. The
plane then directed a Coast
Guard cutter to the scene.
Crew of the CAP plane which
brought help to the two vessels
consisted of Capt. Richard
Shafner, the pilot, and SM
George Villancourt~ observer
and radio operator.

Lebanon-Springfield Comp. Sq.
(Kentucky Wing) hosted a Kentucky Wing-sponsored flight
clinic recently at the LehanunSpringfield Airport.
Forty-one CAP members from
across the state participated in
the flight clinic.
WLBN radio covered the
Saturday portion of the clinic
and a television crew from
Channel 32 in Louisville was on
h a n d S u n d a y. T h i s n e w s
coverage was a great boost in
the already high enthuiasm of
the CAP members.
Ground school was conducted
on Saturday. Due to the number
of participants, double sessions
were necessary. Air Force personnel were also on hand to
review the activity.
Sunday was again an active
day with 35 members present. A
total of 48 flights were made dur-

Wing Supports Public TV Fund Raiser
Georgia Wing IO
AT L A N TA , G a . - - W E T V,
Channel 30, is Atlanta's public,
non-commercial television
station. Like most other public
television stations around the
country, WETV calls on viewers
three times a year to provide
financial support for community
This is done in the form of a
telethon, an effort that is supported by the Georgia Wing of
Civil Air Patrol.
Under the coordination of
Capt. Phil McLendon, wing information officer, the cadets of


the Dobbins Cadet Sq.,
supplemented by cadets from
other Atlanta squadrons, have
participated in all of WETV's
fund-raising drives. Their duties
have included answering phone
calls, taking pledge information,
and processing membership
applications. When the incoming
calls slow down, the cadets start
calling their friends to get them
to make pledges. This effort has
always made the segment they
manned the top one of the
Jil Slavin, coordinator of
Development at WETV, has
been very impressed with the


cadets' work. When Capt.
McLendon first contacted her to
offer Civil Air Patrol's
assistance, she was concerned
about teenagers being able to do
the job. Since the first time.
however, CAP is the first group
she contacts for volunteers.
"Their training makes them
particularly good," she says.
"The cadets' discipline adds to
their ability to follow directions
carefully, and they are extremely polite and have demonstrated
good communications skills."
She added, however, that "they
are also Cookie Monsters of the
highest order!." Jokingly, she

noted that they devoured 20
dozen cookies in just under four
hours at the station's recent
Summer Festival.
Civil Air Patrol has also
benefitted from this effort. The
organization now gets regular
coverage on TV since the station
runs the spots produced by
National Headquarters. In addition, the sister station, WABEFM, utilizes the radio tapes that
are available to all units.
Several cadets have been
recruited during the telethons. It
is just one more example of how
Civil Air Patrol can benefit when
available resources are utilized.

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ing the two days, using six CAP
Sunday was devoted entirely to
flight time for both pilots and
observers. This training involved radio communications and
flying grid search patterns to
find a target in Casey County.

South Carolina
Sponsors Two
Climes br Pilots
COLUMBIA, S.C. --The South
Carolina Wing recently held two
of its semi-annual Pilot
Upgrading Clinics. One was held
here at Owens Field, the other at
Monks Corner, S.C., Airport.
The clinics involved classroom
work as well as proficiency
In Columbia, the morning
hours were filled with instruction. Among those assisting with
the instruction were Frank
Kelly, Federal Aviation Administration accident prevention
specialist; John Pervis,
meteorologist in charge of the
U.S. Weather Service office; and
Tom Wilson, deputy chief of the
Columbia air traffic control
After a brief lunch, the pilots
returned to the airports to make
their flights with FAA certified
flight instructors who are also
members of Civil Air Patrol.
They used the South Carolina
Wing's Cessna 172s for the

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Executive Director's Comments


Brigadier General, USAF
Executive Director
One of the Civil Air Patrol's
original founding blocks and
currently one of its three missions is the providing of
emergency services. In the
ongoing corporate aircraft
fleet upgrade program, we
must insure that replacement
aircraft requested fulfill
missions needs
in performance, versatility and
Many factors
should be
weighed prior to aircraft selection, such as: aircraft useful
load, endurance, normal
operating altitudes, suitability
as a search platform, its
capability as a unit transportation resource, and capability to
support orientation and instruction programs.
Also, operations and maintenance officers must work

together to insure that the
assigned aircraft and all installed equipment are reliably
maintained and efficiently
used. Pilots must be skilled,
capable and current.
In this vein, the current rules
and regulations on flight
management are not designed
as restrictions but are intended
to insure that when called
upon, mission crew members
can safely and proficiently execute their duties.
During an emergency mission, time is always of the essence. It cannot be wasted by a
noncurrent pilot refamiliarizing himself with his machine
and his procedures. Active,
aggressive flight programs
that are well-planned and
closely supervised are essential for a quality product.
S i m i l a r l y, t h e b e s t c o m munications equipment
available is useless on an
emergency mission unless you
can talk to whom you want
when you want. Power output,
operating frequencies,
mobility-- all must be compatible with requirements.
CAP communications must


pertise to n~eet mission resupport both air-to-ground and
quirements, practice search
ground-to-ground requirements. Can the pilot in' and rescue and civil defense
stantly relay his airborne
exercises, and annual effecreports to the mission coor- tiveness evaluations have been
authorized. Financial support
dinator? Can he communicate
with ground teams to provide for these activities has been
approved in the form of reimdirections? The selection,
procurement and use of com- bursement for designated expenditures.
munications equipment must
To o b t a i n m a x i m u m a c be based upon a comprehensive
unit plan to create a reliable, complishment during these
tests requires an aggressive
effective network that meets
program that includes esall needs.
tablished goals, detailed plannSuccessful mission execution
ing and execution with as much
is not possible without the immeasureable support of senior realism as possible. The pracmembers and cadets in their
tice mission as well as the
emergency mission must
complementing fields of
e n d e a v o r t h a t r a n g e f r o m develop a "oneness" of attitude
manning ground search teams
with the unit becoming a single
to performing administrative team and not separate parts.
F i n a l l y, y o u r u n i t ' s
duties. To insure that your unit
can perform when called upon, capabilities must be known to
emphasis must be placed upon all potential users. Contacts
increasingly higher standards, must be made with state emerqualifying personnel in more
gency services agondes, comthan one duty area and stress- munities, local hospitals and
p r o f e s s i o n a l i s m other organizations to make
them aware of your avaflabili.
To assist L'~AIP Wings~t~:~Y, to: work for or Wll~lt~,m-~'~
molding their organizational when the need arises, never
structures and developing, forgetting that the goal is "to
procedures and individual ex- serve asone."

Illinois Sponsors Women Pilots in Air Derby
Education, and her partner, Gall
LaPook, recently in the 8th annual nil-Nines Air Derby.

The race, which is conducted
by the three E!inois chapters of
the Ninety-runes, is open to both
men and women and had 53
entries, some from as far away
as California.
The 250-mile round-robin
course is kept secret until all

planes are impounded the day
before the race so that speed and
p r o fi c i e n c y, t h e t w o r a c e
categories, can be fairly tested.
Object of the speed category is
to achieve the highest percentage over the listed handicap for
your plane.

New Wing
Are Listed

CHICAGO -- CAP's Illinois
Wing sponsored Maj. Diane Cozzi, wing director of Aerospace

In proficiency, the aim is to
come as close to your estimated
time and fuel consumption as
p o s s i b l e . N a t u r a l l y, a n y
navigational errors hurt your

Maj. Cozzi and her partner,
both members of the Chicago
Area chapter of the Ninetynines, won second place in the
speed category and received
beautiful trophies plus $200 in
cash. They flew a Cessna 177
Cardinal with the insignia of the
Illinois Wing of CAP on the side.
The Illinois Wing would like to
encourage participation in
events such as this which
promote flying safety and
p r o fi c i e n c y. - - -

AFB, Ata.--Appomt-

FLIGHT SCHOLARSHIP--The Order of Daedalians, a
national fraternity of military pilots, recently awarded $1,000 flight scholarships to two Civil Air Patrol cadets, Cadet
John H. Abegg of the Clinton-Scott Comp. Sq. (Illinois Wing)
and Cadet Paul J. Monarski of the New Castle Cadet Sq.
(Delaware Wing). The awards were made in Denver at the
organization's annual awards banquet. In photo, Cadet
Monarski, left, accepts the award from Gen. (Ret.) Otto P.
Weyland, USAF.

ment of three new wing commanders was announced recently by officials here at National
Headquarters. All wing commanders are appointed by the
National Executive Committee.
The three are:
--Lt. Col. Thomas M. May,
Arizona Wing, replacing Col.
Alan B. Thomas, effective July
4, 1977:
--Lt. Col. Richard L. Leali,
Florida Wing, replacing Col.
Henri P. Casenove, effective
July 31,1977: and
--Lt. Col. George O. Compton,
South Carolina Wing, replacing
Col. Douglas T. Abercrombie,
effective Sept. 1, 1977.
All new wing commanders
serve as interim commanders
until they are confirmed as permanent by the NEC.

N a t i o n a l C o m m a n d e r . . . . . . . .=-= ..............B r i g . G e n . T h o m a s C . C a s a d a y, C A P
E x e c u t i v e D i r e c t o r . . . . . . . . . B r i g . G e n . C a r l S . M i l l e r, U S A F
D i r e c t o r o f I n f o r m a t i o n . . . . . . . Lt. Col. Herbert A. Babb, USAF
E d i t o r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -~--~--~ ................
TSgt. Hugh Borg
Civil Air Patrol News is an official publication of Civil Air Patrol, a private benevolent corporation which is also an auxiliary of the United States Air Force. I1 is published monthly at
Headquarters, Civil Air PatroI-U.S. Air Force/el, Building 714, Maxwell AFB, Ala. 36112.
Opinions expressed hereindo net necessarily represent those of the U.S. Air Force or any of
its departments, nor of the Civil Air Patrol Corporation.
Editorial copy should be sent to: HQ. CAP-USAF/OIIN, Editor, Civil Air Patrol News, Maxwell
AFB, Ala. 36112.
Civil Air Patrol News does not publish any commercial advertising. However, it does publish
official notices from Its own Education Materials Center (Bookstore) and CAP Supply Depot.
Published by mail subscription at $2 per year. Civil Air Patrol membership includes subscription dues.
Second class postage paid at Montgomery, Ala. 36104.
Postmaster: Please send Form 3579 to HCL CAP-U,S, kF/DPD, Maxwell AFB, Ala. 361 ] 2.

VOLUME 9, NO. 10

,i i ,

O C TO B E R 1 9 7 7





WATER RESCUE--CAP Cadet Luis A. Soto jumps into the water~ to rescue a crash victim at
sea, simulated by Cadet Antonio L. Gonzalez. (Photos by Maj. Ernesto Cortes)

Trainees Not Likely To Forget
Ranger School In Puerto Rico
NAVIGATION--Cadets Alan Cacho and Ramon Ortiz get an
azimuth on the land navigation course. (Photo by Maj.
Ernesto Cortes)

P U N TA P U E R C A , P u e r t o
Rico -- The 181 cadets and
seniors who attended the 1977
R a n g e r Tr a i n i n g S c h o o l a t
Roosevelt Roads Naval Air Station this past summer are not

likely to forget their unique experiences very soon.
The Puerto Rico Wing Ranger
School is now in its seventh year.
This year, as last, the school had
visitors from the mainland -- 1st

C a d e t s S et S o lo A s G oal
Ewa Beach Comp. Sq.

days, when a student pilot has
proven himself capable of taking
on the responsibility of handling
an airplane or glider, he reaches
the goal that Lt. Col. Richard B.
Fry~ encampment commander,
has set forth for all cadets-- to
At this year's annual encampment, there were 38
cadets-- 24 glider students and
14 power students.
It is amazing that the cadets,
14 to 18 years of age, can be
given instruction for only two
weeks before they are able to
solo. Soloing is the first major
step in obtaining a private pilot
license. It is at this point that a
student learns to make his own
decision, based on proper
knowledge instilled by flight instructors. The instructors take
off two weeks from their jobs or
as vacation time each to instruct
cadets at the flying encampment.

Hawaii-- The sun is just beginning to light the horizon on the
northwest tip of Oahu, and the
cadets of CAP's 1977 Flying
Seminar here are already up,
getting ready for another day of
Uniforms are being
straightened, the barracks are
being readied for inspection, and
cadets, senior members, and
pilots are lining up for chow in
the mess hall. Out on the airfield, a group of cadets are
p r e p a r i n g t h e , g l i d e r, a
Sohweitzer 2-33. Before 7 a.m.,
they are ready for the first flight
of the day.
The glider students receive
training with instructors Chip
Rohrer, Bob Lee, and Reed
Rohrer. Students must learn to
master seven skills-- altitude,
attitude, airspeed, tow, landings,
ridge soaring, and emergency
situations. It takes a lot of work
for both instructors and
Power cadets have it even
t o u g h e r. P o w e r s t u d e n t s ,
some with previous glider experience, attend ground school
classes each morning under the
instruction-of Navy Comdr,
David Luehring, certified flight
instructor as well as executive ofricer at Barber's Point NAS. The
t h e o r i e s o f fl i g h t , w e a t h e r,
navigation and other aspects Of
aviation are covered. Actual
flight training begins at 10 a.m.
.. are part of Nature's snow job.
Students undergo, intensive
They guard the fallen snow,
training in either a Cessna 150 or
prolong it's ~ife. and send
172 under one of the certified
its moisture down the valleys
flight instruct°rs-- "="isil"m d r
Luehring, Maj. David ~
Steve Chock or Terry Moxie.
..~lyy~can pr~eatl~r~t llr~. "~/..~. '
At some time during the 14

Col. Fry and Cadet Commander John Coubrough work
with the staff and cadets to
produce "the safest and most
successful flying encampment
ever." As with other Civil Air
Patrol activities, safety is a major concern, especially on the
flightline. Cadets are taught
proper ground crewing and care
of sailplanes and power planes,
and safety is stressed at all
times. Bedtime is early-- a tired
pilot is a dangerous pilot.
Out on the ridge the winds are
blowing steadily, and several
students are almost ready for
solo. Student pilot John Oshiro is
getting ready for his final
checkride before solo, accompanied by instructor Wendy
Hunt. He checks the altimeter
and controls and makes sure
both he and the instructor are
strapped in securely. Carmen
Cut, from Ewa Beach Comp. Sq.,
gets the signal to attach the
towrope. Everything is ready
and the towplane pulls off slowly
onto the runway;.
The tow is smooth and easy,
and the towplane climbs slowly
toward the ridge. The altimeter
creeps up to a thousand feet and
John pulls the release and makes
a climbing turn to the left. After
a few passes at the ridge, be
checks the traffic pattern and
heads in to land on Runway 8 at
A sure flight, a smooth landing
and now comes the moment that
John has been working for. His
fi r s t r e a c t i o n w h e n We n d y
climbs out of the back seat is
panic. Never before has he had
to take his own life and place it
on the line. He is not really sure
if he can go up alone, or whether
he wants to at all. Sheer panic,
but every soloer feels it.

john goes through ~preflight

check; signals the towplane with

the rudder, follows the plane as
it taxis onto the runway and
slowly climbs behind the plane.
At 1,200 feet, John releases and
makes the turn toward the ridge.
Flying slowly back and forth
along the ridge, he has time to
get his thoughts together.
He is no longer quite as nervous. The soft sound of the air
flowing past the wings and
fuselage has a very soothing
effect and John turns around quickly just to check one more
time that he is really alone.
He begins now to think about
landing, and starts losing
altitude, keeping a sharp eye out
for the other sailplanes circling
above him. He enters the pattern
at 800 feet. Crossing the runway,
he enters the downwind leg and
sails along the coast. The
landing is perfect-- well, maybe
a little bumpy-- but perfect.
John taxis over to the instructors and waiting cadets. It is an
old tradition at Dillingham to
throw the solo student into the
mudhole near the barracks. So:
after his first glider solo, a few
touch and goes on the gravel
road leading to the pit, and John
solces again-- this time into the
mud. By now, though, he doesn't
really care. It was all
Nineteen cadets out of 22 met
the qualifications and soloed at
this year's encampment. They,
and those who did not solo, will
be back on weekends to fly.
Hawaii's weather is ideal for fly.
ing most of the year. Power
cadets also had many solos-- 11
out of 13 cadets.
For most of the cadets at this
encampment, there will be many
fond memories. But the best by
far will be the memory of that:
moment when they trusted their
lives to the wind and a flying
machine-- and made it. ~

Besignano, both members of the
New York Wing. They served as
medical officers during the
All cadets in the school were
assigned to one of the six training squadrons according to their
interest and experience. They
received extensive training in
woodsmanship, land navigation,
crash site procedures, communications, first aid, survival,
rappelling, search techniques
and moral leadership.
The school ran smoothly all
nine days that it lasted, with
sunny days and clear nights.
Maj. Bartolo Ortiz, the school
commander, was very pleased
with the way the cadets performed their duties all througl~
the Ranger training. For next
year, he expects more participants from the mainland.
All of this would not have been
possible without the help that the
Puerto Rico Wing received from
Navy personnel at the naval air
station and through the use of
the land.

For the benefit of all
members of Civil Air Patrol,
the statistics of search and
rescue activities throughout
the organization are shown
These are unofficial figures
compiled by Directorate of
Operations at CAP National
As of Sept. 12,1977
Number of Missions ....
i Number of Aireraft .... 3,183
Number of Sorties ...... 6,458
Flying Hours ............. 11,843
Perso~a~el .... ............. 15,412
iiMobile Radios,.... ........ 3,727

~nxeaa=Uos ............... ,r4
Saves "-:'.-'i .......................




lACE Photos
From Abroad,
CAP Wings

VIRGINIA VISIT--Israeli cadets participating in IACE visit Virginia Gov. Mills E. Godwin
Jr., seated at table. Standing just behind the governor and on his left is CAP Col. Reed
Vaughan, Virginia Wing commander.

CAP ABROAD--Senior escort, David Sessums, left, and
CAP Cadets Norman Eko and Michael Dupia visit ruins at
Hiroshima while on IACE tour of Japan.

ornia Unit Aids
Start Of Air Race
SANTA ROSA, Calif. -- Personnel from Santa Rosa Cadet
Sq. 115 (California Wing) participated recently in the start of
the first Air Race Classic here at
Sonoma County Airport.
Members of the squadron
assisted the Santa Rosa Chapter
of the Ninety-Nines by providing
a round-the-clock guard on the
aircraft impound area for four
It was the first of what is
hoped to be an annual event. The

Club Donates
Funds To CAP
TOCCOA, Ga. -- The Toccea
Comp. Sq. (Georgia Wing)
recently received a check for
$850 from the Toccoa PBX Club,
an organization of switchboard
The donation was the amount
of profit made during a weekend
of airplane rides sponsored by
the club. Toccoa Squadron
pilots, who donated their services, made more than 100
takeoffs and landings during the
two-day event. Some 255 people
paid $6 each for a ride and a
brief aerial view of their city.
The Toccoa Squadron will use
the money to buy communicatiuns equipment.

Air Race Classic was started by
the Ninety-Nines, a women's flying organization, when the
Powder Puff Derby, begun in
1947, was discontinued with the
final flight this year. The race is
described as a handicap race in
which aircraft race against their
own best performance. Entry is
limited to completely stock aircraft, certificated in the normal
o r u t i l i t y c a t e g o r y, a n d
manufactured under a Federal
Aviation Administration certificate.
The squadron won praise from
the Ninety-Nines for its efficiency in performing the duties
assigned. The aircraft entered in
the race were inspected, then
assigned a spot in the impound
area. From that time on, it was
the responsibility of Squadron 115
to allow no one in the area
without security clearance.
Squadron personnel were
rewarded by being given
starting-line seats for the race.
Personnel participating included: Maj. Myron Steele, CWO
Myron Steele III, and Cadets
Douglas Brem, Dave Jeffries,
Kevin Campbell, Wayne Helm,
Richard O'Brien, David Jones,
Mark Alderman, and Guido Boccaleoni.

FRENCH CADETS--IACE visitors from France pause on visit to U.S. Corps of Engineers
Waterways Experiment Station at Jackson, Miss. At right is Edith Sessums, CAP hostess from
the Jackson Cadet Sq. Second from right is French senior escort, Marie-Therese Stepanski.

'Wonderful Experience'

Two Maryland Pilots Fly
Last Powder Puff Derby
last Powder Puff Derby has been
flown and a number of the
women pilots were Civil Air
Patrol members. Two of them
were from the Maryland Wing -2rid Lt. Jeannie Ball, personnel
officer of the Montgomery
Senior Sq., and SM Catherine
Grover of the Star Track Flight.
They flew a Piper Comanche.
From here, they flew to St.
Joseph, Mo., where they spent
the night. The next night was
spent in Albuquerque, N.M. The
third day was spent dodging
thunderstorms on the final leg to
Palm Springs, Calif., where the

derby was to start. When Key
landed at Palm Springs, the
temperature was 114 degrees.
The plane was then impounded
for safety inspection. There has
never been a fatality or even a
serious accident in any of the 30year history of the derby.
The first mandatory stop on
the derby was at E1 Paso, Tex.,
where they landed on a dry
runway but got soaked dashing
from the tie-down to the terminal. They had beaten a wild
thunderstorm by minutes.
Next stop was in Dallas, Tex.,
then to Monroeville, Ala., a
small town but one with a big
heart, the pair claim. Lt. Ball

says she would like to go back
and stay longer than just overnight.
The final day of the race included a mandatory stop at
Thomasville, Ga., for the
beginning of the precision flight
-- match your own estimated
time of arrival and gas consumption estimate -- to the final stop
at Tampa, Fla.
A big reception and awards
banquet climaxed this final
Powder Puff Derby. As Lt. Ball
says: "We didn't win, we didn't
lose, but we had a wonderful experience and we will have
memories for years to come."

C o n t' d

!i!iiiiiii iiiii




"Is so unusual they attract more attention than the thought you were trying to con- iiiiiiiii!i!iiiii!i
conflagration." In other words, don't show off.





you have studied your notes and sorted your facts. Then let the facts tell the story. !ii!!iiiiiiiiii!iii

oi i;i~!~i~iil;i~i~!;!~

. o,m:e January 1976, 26 CAP flight mishaps have occurred dufi-~n~
takeoff_and landing phase; 15 resulted in groundloops. GrounddlU~;gs tarh;
unpopular, but thrilling maneuvers. They can occur durin taxi

°r'l~&'n!il Once begun, the aircraft crew has little chogice oftaa~ctei;nffl
The following appear to be contributing factors worthy of consideration ~-aLldent prevention efforts to avoid ground loo s, es "
P . peclally in
t ailwheel !i-rcr aft.

:OORDINATORS. To help the victim, we must work effectively with other agen- iiiiii!i!!iiii!iiii
m in our communications. If you cannot comply with a request for information, !iiii!ii~iiii!i!iiii
tgency know so that they may use other means to get the information or solve the !!iiiiii!iiiiiiiiii
as been lost while each side (e.g., CAP and AFRCC) thought the other was checking :iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii!
nmunications includes UNDERSTANDING of what is being said, and during a SAR iiiiiiii!i!ili!iiii
our actions, a misunderstanding could prove disastrous.


Crosswind operations especially in strong, gusting, or quartering,



Rapid elevator control movements which result in gyroscopic

DOSS iiiiiii!iiii!i~!!i!]

iiiiiiiiiii iii ]l

is to be held at the University of Utah' Salt Lake City, Utah, 13-17 June 1978. :ggggig!ggggglgiig
roject Officer Lt Col Gardner Barlow, CAP PO Box 189, Wfllard, Utah 84340. ~aagzg~ffag~i~g;:.[

RMR/OI ig!g!g!gigiliffii1
ALTY INDICIA. The US Postal Service and Headquarters US Air Force have noted !iiiiliiiiiiiiii[
personnel and units illegally using the Air Force penalty indicia. Civil Air Patrol !iii!iiiiiiiiiii|
zed the use of the penalty indicia and are cautioned that such use is a direct viola- iiii!i!iiii!iii/
severe penalties.
DA ii!iiiii!i!i[~
ld Processing Correspondence," 9 September I977, supersedes CAPR 10-1, 17 iiiiiii!ii!ii

gesponsibilities and Procedures,', 9 September !977, supersede~ CAPR 62-1,9 May iii!!iiiiii!]

Air Force Exchange Privileges of Civil Air Patrol Members," 9 September 1977,



airspeeds, e.g., "quickly raising the taft of aircraft during
II the early part of takeoff roll. This greatly increases the left turning
H t e n d e n c y ~ . mechanical condition of wheel brake systems which
c. Faulty '


causls inadvertent or unequal brake drag.
~_ dl Delayed control inputs by the pilot prior to reaching a point
of"~o~eturn." (Instructors and check pilots be alert,)
f~cloCs/~lu.nits having taildragger aircraft should review each of these
wind operat;;;epoeliPfl;t, PTfi%ThaYs~zPr;eV~doediPr;h;hve guidelines (X_ el brakeinspecUoas~
' i ~
as appropriate.
Let's keep the "Whifferdill" out Of our bag of maneuvers!

9 September 1977, supersedes CAPR 900-5, 20 October 1967.

ecialty Track-Study Guide for Information Officer," 9 September 1977, super-

ection Evaluation Checidist," September 1977, supersedes CAPF 40, July 1974.

Jrcraft Liability Insurance," September 1977, supersedes CAPF 97, October 1967.

OIP has a new shipment of Air Force Fact Sheets on Civil Air
Patrol. They are available to units in reasonable quantities.
O r d e r f r o m H Q C A P - U S A F / O I P, M a x w e l l A F B A L 3 6 11 2 .







lACE: Cadets
From Abroad
Visit Florida
This year, there was no New York phase of the 1ACE
(International Air Cadet Exchange) for visiting foreign
cadets. Instead, the teenage guests of Civil Air Patrol from
other lands visited Florida. While there, they took in
D i s n e y Wo r l d a n d A m e r i c a ' s s p a c e c e n t e r a z C a p e
Kennedy. On these two pages are some of the photos taken
of these visits. Some of the photos show CAP cadets who
accompanied the visitors. With the 186 foreign cadets
scattering among 30,000 other visitors at Disney World, it
was hard to herd them up for photos.

Photos by MSgt. Russ Brown
Welcome For Visitors From Florida Wing Members


11~iiii~:: |

Friends Pause to Discuss What to See Next
Castle In Background Sets Scene In Disney World

He's Not A Flying Tiger But His Welcome Is Warm

:This Might Make A Good Recruiting Device





Bags Full of Souvenirs to Carry Home

British Girls Try Apollo Patch For Size






Everybody Stops to Photograph Huge Display at Cape Kennedy

A Moment to Remember Shared VCith International Guests


. i
French Cadets Record Occasion In Photos

Visitors Bid Farewell to Florida and Depart For Home



f. Avoid vague word,,
@i ..CAP Butte
vey. Example: It's a "fire,


1. Nevada Wing and Southeast Region were the first to submit acceptable financial audit reports for fiscal year 1977.
C O N G R AT U L AT I O N S ! !

g. Don't begin to wn
:5 Quit when the story is throl
is throl

(From Air Force News Serv


cies, and we must be frank
or a task to be performed,
problem. Too often valuabi i
on some valuable informati
:: mission, when life is depend

distribution contains two recruiting items that can be of help to you in promoting Civil Air Patrol in your area and
recruiting new members. The pamphlet, "If You Want Air Time," provides information that will give you a better
understanding of how radio and television stations conduct their public service (free air time) programming, the DO's
and DON'Ts in working with radio and television stations, and sample spot announcement formats. CAP Pamphlet
33-1, "Civil Air Patrol Recruiting Guide," offers suggestions and recruiting methods you can apply to your recruiting
NOTE: Although the "Information Materials" pamphlet (distributed to all units in the September unit distribution)
lists the pamphlets "If You Want Air Time" and "Civil Air Patrol Recruiting Guide" as being available upon request,
they were, in fact, included in the October unit distribution.
3 . "OPERATION PIONEER." Review of all the Operation Pioneer interview tapes has been completed. The winners
will b e n o t i fi e d s h o r t l y .
4. RECRUITING TIPS. The following recruiting approach was employed by the National Capital Wing. It might
work in your area.
a. Week-long displays in major shopping malls. The CAP displays were manned from 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
Follow-ups were made on each and every person expressing an interest in CAP.
NOTE: Other malls are now inviting CAP to put up a display.
b. Distributing CAP material at local private airports.
Let's hear from local CAP units and wings which have had success with a particular recruiting campaign approach in
their areas. It might work for someone else. Send your successful recruiting approach to HQ CAP-USAF/OIW,
M a x w e l l A F B A L 3 6 11 2 .
5. ATTENTION, ALL UNIT COMMANDERS~ Does your squadron have an active, interested information officer?
It should have! The information program is vitally important in a nonprofit, volunteer organization such as ours. It
is the information program, guided and led by a dedicated information officer, which will lead the people in your
community to understand what Civil Air Patrol is all about and what your squadron has to offer the community.
When they understand these things, they will give you their support-and they will call on you when they need help.
So, if your squadron does not have an IO, or if he/she is inactive or unproductive, appoint a new one. Then give
him/her your full support and cooperation. When you do appoint a new information officer, be sure to let us know at
the National Headquarters Directorate of Information. We will send him/her an INFORMATION OFFICER'S
STARTER KIT to help him/her understand the job, to help train the new IO, and to give him/her all the help possible.
Be sure to send us the names and addresses of new ones. Write: HQ CAP-USAF/OII, Maxwell AFB AL 36112. OI
6. NEWSWRITING BASIC PRINCIPLES. There are few laws that govern news writing. There are, however, basic
principles. Few good editors allow their writers to violate these principles. If followed, your product will take on a
more professional touch. Here are some of those principles gleaned from a bevy of journalism texts:

For further information, c


several instances of Civil A
personnel and units are nol
!ii tion of federal law and can i





a. CAPR 10-1, "Pre[
January 1977.
b. CAPR 62-I, "CAP

c. CAPR 147-1, "An
:i supersedes CAPR 147-1.4 -'
d. CAPR 900-5, "Ins~

e. CAPP 52-2-2, "ge~
::: sedes CAPP 201,3 August 1


f. CAPF 40, "CAP L


g. CAPF 97, "Certific



ill Director o f Administration

a. Assume most of your readers are intelligent and mature. But, also assume that they have limited vocabularies
and still more limited background in fields outside their own. Above all else, be clear enough for readers to understand
exactly what you mean on first reading.
b. Where a tie-in with previous news is needed, be sure the tie-in is clear and as close to the lead as possible.
That is, if today's story depends on also quickly retelling part of last week's story, do so-and early.


c. Write more short sentences than long ones. A news column is about two inches wide. Many long sentences
will deepen your paragraphs. There is no better way to keep a reader from finishing-or even starting-a story than to
write long paragraphs.
d. Use strong, active verbs. Avoid words that end in "-itive" and "-ation." Keep passive forms to a minimum.
But, don't go overboard. If the action wasn't decisive, if it wasn't strong, don't make it seem as if it were.
e. Think twice before you use an adjective. It doesn't help to call a desert dry-everyone knows it is. In fact, a
declarative sentence sometimes is much better than a shop-worn adjective. Example: "Ed Smith crashed his fist on
the desk" means much more than "the angry Ed Smith,"

The Civil Air Patrol BULLETIN is published monthly. It contains official announcements, interim changes to CAP
publications, and other items of interest for all CAP members.






School Tr a i n s


Utah Wing

and is another tool for the mission coordinator to use.

N . Y. - - C A S P - - C o m p u t e r
Assisted Search Planning.
TAP Track Analysis Program.
EPIRB Emergency Position
Indicating Radio Beacon. POS-Probability of Success. CF -Coverage Factor.
Twenth-four Civil Air Patrol
members and four USAF-CAP
liaison officers learned about
these things and many more in
July here at the National Search
and Rescue School. They came
from 19 different CAP wings.
The school, taught by Air
Force and U.S. Coast Guard personnel, is designed to help those
CAP members attending in
teaching others in their home
wings and regions about search
and rescue and to give the
students an insight into some of
the latest SAR tools.
"A search mission coordinator
must be able to function as an
organizer, a planner, a controller and an evaluator," said
Air Force Capt. Ronald Merino,
the school's aerospace studies
"chief. He cited the acronym
"SCAT," which stands for Standardization- Coordination-Awareness-- Training. This
SCAT was used as a guideline for
functioning in the role of a mission coordinator and to plan instructional events.

Three actual SAR problems
were worked by the case, with
one-third of the group acting as
instructors in each case.
Students worked an overdue aircraft mission in California
(complete with ELT plots),
acted as Rescue Coordination
Center personnel for an Oregon
mission, and second-guessed the
antics of a Utah pilot. Each case
took the students through the
benefits of classroom exercises,
instructing them on how they
might be used in their individual

In planning a lesson, students
learned that three levels or
qualities need to be present: the
communicator (getting the
message across), the motivator
(getting the action undertaken),
and the educator (moving to a
higher level).
The Pygmalion Effect of thinking positive, displaying a positive
attitude, using praise and encouragement are all needed to
motivate CAP members into doing a professional job in SAR,
students learned.
Air Force TSgt. John A. Moore,
one of the school's aerospace instructors, tackled the topic of
survival and missing persons.
"Sixty per cent of persons involved in an incident will be injured entering 'the survival
phase," he said. "Within 24
hours, their chances for survival
decreases 80 per cent. He then
discussed geographical areas and

Several students indicated that
one important part of the SAR
school was the exchange of
ideas. Such things as alerting,
Rangers, publications,
procedures, facilities, methods
and the like run the gamut from
California to New York, they
said. "It's important," said one
student, "to see how others do
things. Sometimes they have a
better idea and it could really
make a difference in my wing."

i! ~ii~,~iiii~ii,ilii!~! ii~i!~i~~
LAB PRACTICE---Capt. George M. Sehuon (Pennsylvania Wing), left, and 1st Lt. William A.
Leitz (New York Wing) plot ELT reports during lab instruction while Capt. Glenn O. Peek
(Illinois Wing) serves as instructor, giving them leads as they progress through the practice
mission. (Photo by Maj. Jerry Wellman)

their impact on survival. He indicated that a positive attitude on
the part of a survivor will greatly
increase the chance of survival.
"More kids are reported missing, more often on two days a
year -- report card days," he
said. "Kids with poor grades get
lost, and their parents are so
relieved when they're found, the
impact of the bad grades is not as
important." Sgt. Moore then outlined questioning a mission coordinator might use in getting leads
about missing persons.
Students also participated in an
(emergency locator
transmitter) map reading exercise, designed to aid instruction
in those areas. Search planning

took on a different light, also,
when Capt. Merino surveyed the
class on the "weight" (probability or importance) of several
leads. An ELT was weighted
from 10 per cent to 80 per cent
while the weather factor got
from 40 per cent to 60 per cent.
"This demonstrates," said
Capt. Merino, "the need for
planning among several people,
and not limiting this search
planning to one individual."
Lectures featured Lt. Cmdr.
Billy Cunningham., officer-incharge of the school. He discussed area coverage and CASP
(computer assisted search planning. )

Hawaii Wing Member
Wins Braniff Trophy
HONOLULU, Hawaii-- Lt.
Col. Patricia Davis of the
Hawaii Wing has been awarded
the Braniff Trophy.
This trophy is presented annually to the outstanding woman
pilot, a member of the Aloha
chapter of the Ninety-Nines, who
has contributed the most to the
advancement of women in
Col. Davis, a CAP command
pilot, has held a number of jobs
during her nine years in Civil Air
Patrol. She is qualified for
search and rescue work, both as
a pilot and as mission coordinator. At present, she is in
charge of the Senior Training
Program for the Mokulele
Senior Sq.
Col. Davis began her
professional aviation work in
1971 as a corporation pilot. She

flew for a charter-tour company
in 1974 and 1975 and is presently
a fulltime flight instructor in
In the field of Aerospace
Education, she has set up and-or
taught numerous ground schools
for CAP cadets, has presented a
series of pilot refresher courses
for Hawaii Wing pilots, and has
provided technical and teaching
assistance in the Aerospace
Education classes at:
Kamehameha Schools in
Col. Davis began flying in 1966
and topped off her ratings in 1975
with the Airline Transport Pilot
Certificate. She has been active
in the General Aviation Council
of Hawaii, the Aloha chapter of
the Ninety-Nines, and has raced
four times in the Powder Puff

The probability of detection,
he said, hinges on many
variables-- sweep width, track
spacing, weather and visibility,
the .altitude, the size of the
target and the amount of light.
Stressing such areas as crew
fatigue and the use of planning
charts and graphs, he emphasized to the students the importance of these factors in search

Armed with instruction and
motivation from the school staff
and ideas from each other, the
graduates of the 1977 SAR school
departed Governor's Island with
a better understanding of search
and rescue. Comments atdeparture masked hopes that they
might persuade commanders
and staff members to listen to
progress and depart from some
of the old ideas.
"We really have the latest information from the real SAR
professionals," a New York
Wing member said. His comments were quickly echoed by
others standing nearby.
"I hope my commander lets
me use this stuff," one laughed
and pointed to a bulging briefcase.

One item, not discussed much,
but foremost in the thoughts Of
the students, was the motto of
"Problems you find with new
the sch0ol: "Always Ready-things," lectured Cmdr. CunThat Others Might Live." Said
ningham, "include N1H (not inCapt. Merino at the opening lecvented here), NUH (not underture, and a Coast Guard chaplain
stood here), machine errors and ' at the week's end: "We're here
lack of supervisor understanto learn how to better save lives.
ding." He added that a computer
Let's remember that above all
uses all inputs, forgets nothing,

Maj. Brown Is More
Than Just Search Pilot

With Braniff Trophy

CORDELE, Ga. ~-- Maj.
Eugene A. Brown has earned a
second "Find" ribbon as a result
of his locating the wreckage of a
missing aircraft near here this
past July.
Maj. Brown is an active mission pilot and owns his own
Mooney airplane. He is also a
commercial pilot and flight instructor. But he is something
more than that. His primary
CAP duty is as chaplain of the
Atlanta Senior Sq. No. 1.
He recently moved to Cordele
from Atlanta but retains his
membership in the Atlanta unit.
The recent search involved an
aircraft en route from Florida to
Macon, Ga. Aboard the craft
were the pilot, his wife and their
three children. Mission headquarters for the search was at

Tifton, Ga., some 45 miles from
The local sheriff requested Ch.
Brown to start a search for the
plane, since the last radio contact was in the Cordele area. Ch.
Brown contacted mission headquarters at Tifton and was
assigned a seach area in this
In a short time, he and his
observer spotted the wreckage.
They notified mission headquarters, returned to Cordete
and led a ground team to the
site. All five persons aboard the
plane were killed in the crash.
Ch. Brown's first find was a
Cessna 205 which crashed and
burned on Pine Log Mountain,
some 35 miles northwest of
Atlanta, in late 1971.




McClellan AFB Is Host
To Type B Encampment
McCLELLAN AFB, Calif.Thirty cadets and 13 senior
members from the California
Wing participated here in Julyin
a s e v e n - d a y Ty p e B e n campment.
Servingas_encampment cornmander was Capt. Randall R.

Tweedy of Fair Oaks, Calif.
First Lt. Craig T. Parsons of
Beale AFB, Calif., was commandant of cadets and Cadet
Anthony G. Scotch of
Orangevale, Calif., was cadet,
During the week, cadets




received orientations on
operations of the Air Logistic
Center, the mission of the 41st
Aerospace Rescue and Recovery
Sq., the National Aeronautics
and Space Administration, the
Quiet Short-Haul Research
Aircraft (QSRA) Program, and
the Air Force-CAP relationship.
The cadets also participated in
tours of the data processing
c e n t e r, t h e A i r L o g i s t i c s
Distribution Center, and the
maintenance hangar where they
observed work being done on F106 and F-111 aircraft.
As part of their training, they
also participated in a retreat
ceremony on base.
Activities for the week
culminated in a parade and
awards ceremony at the base
parade grounds. Air Force Col.
Bradford L. Sharp, Pacific
Liaison Region commander,
acted as reviewing official.

S PA AT Z AWA R D - - C A P C a d e t S t e p h e n J . G r e u b e l , l e f t ,
accepts the Gen. Carl A. Spaatz Award from Oklahoma Gov.
David Boren in recent ceremonies on the lawn of the
Cherokee County (Okla.) Courthouse. Cadet Greubel, the son
of Dr. and Mrs. Bob Greubel of Tahlequah, Okla., is the
fourth in the state to earn the award. He has also won a fouryear ROTC scholarship at the University of Oklahoma. (Pictorial Press Photo by Robin Landrum)

Mission Data Team Helps

" "" Up Odds
=Flying Actmtnes Missions
Non "

DM?ring oAir Search

function is to gather whatever
.data the mission coordinator
deems necessary. Additionally,
While flying aircraft and lookthey have the freedom to follow
ing for a downed plane is an exup any lead that they feel
citing part of Our search and F
will give more information and
rescue mission, it is not really
will assist in narrowing the
the most productive activity. A
search area.
highly trained crew, flying a 100few weeks ago I gave you some
knot aircraft over heavily
The MDT has been effectively
idea of what the Air Force
covered terrain, can search
used to provide the mission
Rescue Coordination Center
approximately 85 square miles
coordinator with more highly
(AFRCC) and the Federal Aviaper hour.
qualified information more
tion Administration (FAA) are
rapidly than was normal in the
With five miles visibility and a
doing to help narrow down the
past. The MDT was able to
one-mile track spacing at 1,000
search area. Now, I'm going to
relieve the mission coordinator
feet, this effort would give a 20
tell you how YOU can reduce the
of the data collection function
percent probability of detection
search area and increase your
and allow him to concentrate on
(POD). If there was a 50 percent
probability of success.
setting up the mission base and
probability (and this is excepYou can significantly reduce getting aircraft in the air as
tionally high) that the target was
the size of the probability area
rapidly as possible.
within that 85 square miles, the
by intensive information
search crew would have only a 10 gathering. By putting together
percent probability of success!
If you could confirm that the
various bits and pieces of informissing aircraft refueled at
How can we improve the odds? m a t i o n , y o u c a n n o r m a l l y
some en route airport, then you
Two ways: First, improve our
eliminate vast areas from
searching -- and this can be done
serious consideration. Statistics have effectively eliminated all
of the area between departure
in several ways. We can insure
have shown that most (85 to 95
and the refueling point as a
that every aircraft of threepercent) downed aircraft will he
probable seach area. This one
passenger capability or greater
found within 10 miles of the inpiece of information could save
has at least two scannerstended track. This statistic is
you hundreds of hours of
observers. We can train these
misleading to a small extent
scanners to search as well as
since it assumes that you know
searching and when this piece of
information is added to other
possible, and we can train the
what the intended track was, but
data on the pilot and aircraft and
pilot to fly accurate search
frequently this information is
weather, you will be able to
patterns to give complete
not readily available.
narrow down the high probabilicoverage of the assigned area.
The California Wing has esty areas even-more. What I'm
tablished a program which
But we can't change the
trying to say is that each piece of
visibility and we can't change
strengthens the data collection
good information is easily worth
the ground cover, so we are pretfunction. Majs. Frank A.
hundreds of flying hours with the
ty well stuck with about a 30
Burnham and Stuart A. Hall
have written a paper on the
best crews.
percent maximum POD over
heavy terrain. This means
California program and a copy of
repeated searches over the same this paper was sent to each wing
While the aircraft is certainly
area to achieve respectable Emergency Services officer last
helpful, and in many cases inPODs, and it will take 15 (that's month.
dispensible, on our SAR misright -- 15) searches to achieve a
This mission data program is
sions, a much more productive
90 percent POD. But even with a
built around a, Mission Data
method of eliminating large
90 percent POD, we still have
Team (MDT) concept. The misareas to be searched is through
only 45 percent probability of
sion data team is composed of
thorough investigative acsuccess in our one 95-squaretwo CAP members selected for
tivities. And, the California
mile area.
their ability to communicate
MDT program may be an exOn a typical search, we may
with the public and an ability to
cellent method for collecting the
easily have as much as 2,000 gain the confidence of family
important data. If you would like
square miles (100 x 20 miles)rto and friends of the missing pera copy of the mission data
search! It should be obvious that
program or have any comments
The MDT is alerted along with on the use of an MIX), please
we can't fly enough hours to
cover all of the possibility area
the mission coordinator and is
drop me a line: HQ CAPso that we have some hope of be- responsible to the mission coor- USAF/DOSS, Maxwell AFB,
ing in the right search area. A
dinator. The team's primary
Aia. 36112.


- _~_~_ -

All Smflin' Jack material courtesy of
C h i c a g o Tr i b u n e , N e w Yo r k N e w s S y n d i c a t e , I a c .

Store Offers Special
On Mosley Biography
CAP Col. Zack Mosley's book,
"Brave CowF?d Zack," is an
ideal holiday gift for any
member of Civil Air Patrol. It
also should be on the bookshelf of
all CAP units.
The author, a charter member
of Civil Air Patrol and one of its
founders who flew Coastal
Patrol during World War II,
penned the book to tell the story
of his years of flying and drawing the aviation-adventure comic
strip, "Smilin' Jack."
During its heyday, "Smilin'
Jack," remembered and loved
by many older CAP members,
was syndicated to hundreds of

newspapers and read by millions
of readers. "Smilin' Jack" ran
for 40 years and was retired in
Col. Mosley was inducted into
Civil Air Patrol's "Hall of
Honor" in 1976. His book,
"Brave Coward Zack," tells
much about the early history of
Civil Air Patrol.
It is available at a discount to
CAP members from the CAP
Bookstore. The discount price of
$5.95 _per copy represents a saving of $1.50 over the cost if
ordered from the publisher,
Valkyrie Press, Inc., of St.
Petersburg, Fla. The price of
$5.95 includes postage..

C A P B o o k s t o r e , M a x w e l l A F B , A l a . 3 6 11 2
Enclosed is $
. Please send me
copies of "Brave Coward Zack."
Ci ty.
Make check of money order ($5.95 for each
book) payable to: CAP Bookstore. Mail tO
address above.







People, Cars Pack
Oregon Open House
By CAPT. THOMAS TRAVER PORTLAND AFB, Ore. -- than 5,700 private vehicles packed this small Air Force installaOregon Wing IO
Nearly 30,000 visitors and more
tion recently during open house
sponsored by the Oregon Air
National Guard, the Air Force
Reserve, and the Oregon Wing of
Civil Air Patrol.
CAP cadets and seniors from
seven local squadrons helped
park the estimated 5,722 vehicles
that inundated the base nearly
two hours before the official
opening. One cadet commented:
"We were parking cars in places
where we didn't know we had
While some cadets were
assisting the security police
detachment in handling traffic,
others were manning two Civil
Air Patrol-operated concession
stands, handling refreshments
for an estimated 28,500 visitors.

Oregon Wing commander Col, Bobble Girard, right, shows
off wing's aircraft to young visitor.

Legion Post Aids In Flight Program
GRAND PRAIRIE, Tex. -American Legion Post 356 of
Dallas, Tex., has offered half
scholarships to all cadets participating in the Crusader Comp.
. Sq.'s Cadet Solo Flight Program.
Maj. W.A. Billman revealed the
offer here recently.
The program is open to all
eligible cadets with eligibility to
be determined by the Solo Flight

Comn~Rtee. The committee consists of the squadron's five certiffed flight instructors who will
also teach the program.
The program will consist of 10
hours of in-flight instruction.
The total tuition for each participating cadet is $130 with the
scholarships from the American
Legion paying half.

Mitchell A wards--.August 1977
Armando J. Mendoza ....... 04015
James G. Nelson ............ 04032
Christine D. ltauerty ..... 41~
James Leen ................... 051~
Keith H. Breton .............. 04261
Terry L. Reams ............. 04363
Gregg M. Olsun .............. 04364
Travis W. Nanael ............ 04371
"Kevin E. Ynckle .............
William A. Murray .......... 05145
Chas N West ................. 06015
Willie L Wright, Jr ......... 07006
David H, Harold ............. 07000
Paul V. Mtthlena ............. 07011
Elizabeth De Kanter .......
Paul K Harris ...............05123
John R. Hughes .............. 06128
Andrew J. Croft ............. 051~
James W Card ............... 05176
Bonnie M. Schweitser ......
Edward M. Walton .......... 05294
Howard S. Adams ........... 05204
Peter A. Nystrom ...........
Robert E. Abel ............... 08293
Benadina A. Harris ......... 05412
George F. Williams .........
Michael J. Caylnr ........... 0~,23
David C. Restucher .........05425
Donald J. Perri .............. 08452
Jeff J. McManus ............. 09075
K.D. Slndaldecker .......... 11137
Richard J~ Techman ........
Marguerite L. Ludwick.... 12049
Charles J. Webb ............. 164}07
Cal R Sumrall ............... 16010
Tracy Comeaux .............. 16010
Don W. Ducote ............... 16063

Gerald E. Folster, Jr ....... 17035 Carl N. Lucas ................
Richard E. Boyer ........... 19003 James E.~i-ns ........ ......
Kimberly K. Bowers ....... 18004 James p. Halferty .......... 36~5
Thomas C. Baillie ........... 19006 Glenn D. Backes .............
Joseph E. Zwirblia .......... 19~2 Christopher D. Read ....... 37021
Junnine Hynds ............... 19032 Phillip M. Vito ............... 37025
Kay L Lincoln ............... 20072 Lee W. Dial ............ : ...... 37045
Joyce Hanke .................. 20228 Micheal J. Dwyer ...........
Herman Lewis ............... 20235 Rick M. McCann ............. 37222
Nell J.L. Ashdown .......... 20240 Robert P. Clark .............. 37268
Bechie D. Ashdovm .........20240 Kevin T. Klunk ...............
20259 Joseph T. Kinard ............ 39019
Janice E. Cartledge ........
James F, Gcodrow .......... 20261 Keith E. Ball ................. 41015
Glenn N. Slot/less ........... 21016 Timothy K. Ripley. ......... 41015
Denise C. Buchholz .........22061 Dwight A. Allen .............. 41136
Richard J. Horack ..........
Eugene J. Freeman, Jr.......24012
Roberta J. Elder ....: ....... 24012 James R. Clark ..............
Andrea L. Thomas .... : ..... 42357
Kevin J. Frank ............... 24037
David W. Hatcher ........... 42357
David A. RedgerS ........... 25053
David S. Paladlno ...........29067 Michael A. Lowe ............
David N. Klein ............... 29067 Rodney E. Carter ........... 43051
29080 Robert P. Hart ............... 45088
Neal M. Sturm ...............
Theodore W. Delbo .........29092 Louis R. Volchansky... ~.... 45091
Stevun S. Wolf ................ 29092 Joel G Pitts ..................
Kevin P. Mazurowski ~ .....31050 Mark L. Jacobsen ...........
31111 John S. Carry ................. 51048
Russell J. Wills
Michael E. Przybyl ......... 31197 Matthew D. Olson ........... 51060
Enoch K. Evans .............
Robert C. Gunther .......... 31249 Julia M. Carrion ......... ~... 52027
Jon E. Parker ................ 31292 Alba Mnasas .................. 52027
Timothy B. Brown .......... 32019
David E. Imsehweiler ..... 32111 Rosauna L. Curras ......... 52116
David Janka .................. 34131 Fernando Antonetti ......... 52116
Melitza Jusino ...............
Birgitt D. Kopp .............. M131 Jose R. Nazario .............. 52116
Shizue J. Takeda ............ 34131
Allen P. Taylor .............. 35015 Migdalia M. Pellecier ...... 52900
Jennifer C. Roberts .........
William S. Redgers ......... 35071

Earhart A wards--A ugust 1977
James L. Peoples ........... 06030
Patricia Trowbridge ....... 06015
John Iszczyszyn ........ ~..... 06022
Frank T. Rowand ........... 08043
Stephan B. Epstein ......... 0~27
Joseph F Mascara .......... 05303
David P. Kennedy ........... 0~,32
John P. Creun ................ 09087
Phil G. Bronneman ......... 12010
Stephen D. Prather ......... 12126
Mike R. Shanahun ...........12126
Mark E. Fuller ............... 14092
JamesF. Sinclair ............ 17052
David J. Wyndham ..........17062
Paul E. Blackaby ........... 20~8

Jay R. Anderson ............. 20086
Mary T. Olson ................ 20107
Nina L. Tromp ............... 20107
Mark A Folk .................
Randy F. Donahue ..........21113
David W. Lamm ............. 22048
Steve D. Traxler ............. 23088
William M. Zimmerman .. 25053
William R. Gray ............. 26002
Timothy D. Rope ............ 31111
John A. Hertz ................ 31117
Donald R. Powen ........... 32048
Jeffery K. Hastings ......... 34219
Cliot A. Venekamp .......... 36007
James D. Boflyun ........... 37169

Edward J. Deni .............. 37214
Victoria G. Laidler
David R. Painter .......... :. 41005
Foy M Burns Jr ............. 42076
Dick A. Mastin ............... 42076
David R Marshall .......... 45060
Tony C. Clark ................ 450e4
C.L. Grosenick .............. 45059
Kenneth J. Fontenot ........45095
Eric A. Boysen ............... 45117
Walter T. Mensching ..~.... 51028
Osman O. Aloyo ............. 52097
Hector L. Luna ............... 52097
Ivellisse Acevedo ........... 52119

The open house, held during
the famous Portland Rose
Festival week, featured displays
of aircraft from World War I
days to the present and included
the Oregon Wing's reliable 0-1
Birddog, used in search and
r~cue operations.
The operation, on the part of
Civil Air Patrol, was for fun and
profit with the CAP concession
stands selling hot dogs, soft
drinks and ice cream. Crowds
packed the two concession
stands and the CAP members
sold more than 10,000 hot dogs.
The CAP squadrons participating in the open house
divided ~e $885 in profit~from
the stands.
A number of the military services were represented at the
open house, including the U.S.
Coast Guard, the Navy, the U.S.
Marine Corps, the Oregon Air
National Guard, and the Montana Air National Guard's 219th
Fighter Interceptor Sq. with its
A letter to CAP from the 142nd
Security Police Detachment
stated, in part, that, "Without
your assistance the open house
would not have been the success
that it was... The attitude and
friendliness of your people was
just outstanding."

Geu. Newcomer, left, congratulates Cadet Anger

Award Is Presented
At Special Luncheon
from U.S. Rep. Jack Kemp and
presented a copy of the Great
TA K C a d e t S q . ( N e w Yo r k
Seal of the United States which
Wing), a part of the Niagara
the Congressman had provided.
Frontier Group, recently
Maj. Barbara Manley
celebrated the squadron's se.represented the staff of the
cond Gen. Carl A. Spaatz Award
Niagara Frontier Group. Capt.
within a year.
Bernard Basinski, deputy comCadet Randy C. Anger receivmander of the TAK Sq., was
ed the prestigious award from
chairman of the program.
retired Air Force Gen. Henry
The Spaatz Award is the
Newcomer at a special luncheon
highest which can~ be earned in
here. Special guest at the
Civil Air Patrol's Cadet
presentatiun was Cadet Mark
Program. ~The award carries
Rakowski, a member of the
squadron, who earned the award with it an automatic promotion
to cadet colonel.
a year ago.
C a d e t A n g e r, 1 9 , i s a
sophomore at Canisius College in
Buffalo, and, along with working
part time, still finds time to act
as commander of the TAK Sq.'s
land rescue training team. The
LRT has conducted several
successful training weekends at
Lockport AFB this past summer
and, at this writing, was planning another under the direction
of Cadet Anger.
During the ceremony, Capt.
Malcolm A. Willard, TAK Cadet
Sq. commander, read a letter



Former Delaware Wing Commander Dies
WILMINGTON, Del. -- Col.
Williams H. Everett, former
commander of the Delaware
Wing, died Aug. 4 at the age of 74
after an illness of several
Col. Everett had served the
wing for 26 years in various key
staff positions, including deputy
commander, before being made
wing commander in July 1976,
succeeding Col. Louisa S. Morse.
He held a number of Civil Air
Patrol honors and was particularly interested in aerospace
education and in the International Air Cadet Exchange
Flying was another of Col.
Everett's special interests, particularly "tail-draggers." He
was a qualified CAP command
pilot, Class I observer and mission coordinator. He was one of
the relatively few wing
members checked out in the 0-1
Birddog and could regularly be
seen flying it out of the Smyrna

(Del.) Airport.
In private life, Col. Everett, or
"Dec" as he was known to a host
of friends in CAP, was a dentist
with offices in Kennett Square,
Penn. A graduate of Gettysburg
Military Academy, he earned a

D.D.S. degree from the University of Pennsylvania Dental
School. During World War II, he
served with the active Reserve
in the rank of captain.
He is survived by his widow,
his mother, and two children.

Civil Air Patrol News publishes each month a list of Civil Air
Patrol members who have died recently. Notices of deaths should
be sent to the Personnel Section of National Headquarters in accordance with Regulation 35-2, or to the National Chaplain's office-not to Civil Air Patrol News. Listed are names, ranks, dates of
death and CAP unit.
BUTZ, Craig S., Second Lieutenant, May 15,
1977. Des Moines Comp. Sq., Iowa Wing.
CROSSWHITE, Luther W., Captain, July 19,
1977. Thunder Mountain Comp. Sq., Colorado
FLANNIGAN, William J., Senior Member, May
5. 1977, Thunderbolt Cadet Sq., Massachusetts
FRYE, Allen, Senior Member, May 20, 1977,
Thunderbolt Cadet Sq., Massachusetts Wing.
HENDERSON, William K., Second Lieutenant,

Aug. 7.1977, Blair County Senior Sq., Pennsylvania
LISTON, Merrill G., Major, Aug. 17,1977, Provo
Comp. Sq., Utah Wing.
McCLINTOCK, S. Gordon, Major, Sept. 9,1977,
Group 6, Ohio Wing.
MeKENZIE, William K., Cadet, Aug. 23, 1977,
Bethesda-Chevy Chase Cadet Sq., Maryland Wing.
SAPP. Arthur Q., Senior Member, Aug. 29,1977,
Pikes Peak Senior Sq., Colorado Wing.
SAPP. Barbara, Senior Member, Aug. 29, 1977,
Pikes Peak Senior Sq., Colorado Wing.



. . . . . . .



Emergency Training
Stresses Teamwork
Story and Photos By
Maj. George R. Macdonald
St. Louis Comp. Sq. No. 1
ST. LOUIS-- During the past
year, many cadets and senior
members from squadrons in the
St. Louis area have been participating in a rigorous training
exercise called ESTEX
(Emergency Services Training
The program emphasizes the
importance of well-trained
ground teams in search and
rescue operations and consists of
weekend bivouacs during which
the trainees learn by doing.
Included are such subjects as
map and .compass reading,
rappelling, shelter building,
wilderness survival, communications and first aid.
Teamwork is stressed in addition to rigid safety procedures.
The latest segment of this
training was held recently at
Greensfelder Park in St. Louis
County. It began with an entire
evening devoted to night
orienteering in an extremelyhilly area covered with dense undergrowth. This was followed by
two full days of rugged activity
at the Ropes Initiative Course.
The course consists of a series
of obstacles or challenges involving climbing, swinging,
ascending or descending rope
and other types of obstacles. The
underlying philosophy is to increase the trainee's sense of personal confidence, increase his
mutual support with a group
(teamwork), and challenge his
physical abilities.
At all times, safety was highly
emphasized. Each group of 12
trainees actually participating in
the Ropes Course were supervised by a fully certified instructor

Cadet Handles
SAN JOSE, Calif.-- Peter
Briones, a 17-year-old Civil Air
Patrol cadet, won high praise
from the mission coordinator
recently for his handling of radio
communications during a
weekend search.
The mission involved a light
plane believed to have crashed in
the Carmel Valley area with two
persons on board.
Cadet Briones operated three
radios, passing messages to air
and ground search teams from
the Carmel Valley to the San
Joaquin Valley. "There was a
tremendous amount of radio
traffic but Cadet Briones
remained calm and cool and sent
the messages through loud and
clear," said Capt. Peter Cikalo,
information officer on the mission. "It was really amazing for
a young man his age.
"We were short-handed and
Peter was keen to be the radio
operator as long as the active air
search continued, even though
the days were sometimes 16
hours long," Cikalo continued.
"At a critical point in the
search, one radio repeater went
dead but Peter was able to
switch quickly to another and
continue the vital communications."
Cadet Briones is a member of
J.J. Montgomery Memorial
Cadet Sq. 36 based at Reid
Hillview Airport and is a senior
at Silver Creek High School.

and an assistant instructor. The
certified instructors, Maj.
Richard Macdonald, Capt.
Melvyn Shiehtman, and 2nd Lt.
Michael Barg, had previously
undergone several days of
special training in order to
qualify for certification.
The pipe, wall, tippy ladder,
beam, spool, Burma bridge, zip
wire, seat harness, and
carabiner, among others, soon
became household words to the
trainees. Each of the following
comments was heard many,
many times throughout the twoday session: "You gotta be kidding!"... "Absolutely no way!"
... "That's impossible!" ...
"Help!" ... "Oh, dear God!"
"Oops!" ... "Ouch!" and "Hey,
we did it!"
By the time the weekend came
to a close, everyone was exhausted but pleased that they
had thoroughly enjoyed
themselves. At the same time,
they gained valuable knowledge
and experience which can be
applied in future emergency service missions. Someday their
training may save a life.

T h e L o n g Wa l k A c r o s s T h e B u r m a B r i d g e - - 1 5 0 F e e t L o n g , 3 5 F e e t A b o v e G r o u n d

Speaker System
A ids In Missions

D AY TO N A B E A C H , F l a . - During missions at the
Personnel assigned to run search
Daytona Beach Airport, location
and rescue or civil defense misof the local unit~, ~ alL_co~msions from the headquarters of
mUnications in the past hav-~ .......
Daytona Beach~Comp. Sq. b e e n h a n d - c a r r i e d b y
(Florida Wing) will find a markmessengers running between the
ed increase in efficiency and
mission coordinator, operations,
decrease in confusion from now communications and personnel
functions, as well as to the briefing and debriefing rooms, airColorado Unit Holds crew ready room and flightline.
Sometimes, if not enough people
Climb Up Pike's Peak reported for duty, a section head
might have to leave his duty station and carry his own comC O L O R A D O S P R I N G S, munication personally.
Colo.-- Eleven members of the
Colorado Springs Cadet Sq.
Now, however, all that has
(Colorado Wing) participated
changed, thanks to the ingenuity
recently in the squadron's seand skill of some squadron
m e m b e r s. A n e w c o mcond annual Pikes Peak Climb.
munications center, designed
Leading the activity was Maj.
and built by WO David Keys and
Frank Spitzer, squadron cornCadet Web Essex-- with help
mander, and his wife, 1st Lt.
Terri Spitzer.
from several other seniors and
cadet,v- provides instant voice
The high point of the climb
was reaching the top of the
contact between the mission
14,100-foot peak. Not only had
coordinator and the various section heads responsible for the
the group met its goal, but they
success of the mission.
also saw the first cars arriving
The system is designed so that
Swinging Across The "Ravine"
at the finish line in the famous
Pikes Peak Hill Climb.
the mission coordinator also has
a discrete, private channel to his
operations officer. A public
address system provides paging
service and, when desirable,
radio transmissions can be
service by having qualified peremphasized, safety in ground
m o n i t o r e d t h r o u g h t h e PA
operations should not be
sonnel inspect this equipment,
LieutenantColonei, USAF
evaluate procedures, and
Director of safety
neglected in our efforts to preAll these services are provided
observe related operations. Unit
vent loss. Responsible adult
through speakers which, except
Civil Air Patrol membership
commanders should review all
leadership and supervision of
for the PA system, also serve as
consists of approximately 63,000
cadet activities, more especially activities for unsafe conditions,
microphones. However, the
senior and cadet members,
field events, are indispensableto
Everyone shares the responThese members often operate
system also contains a private,
sibility for safe participation,
fostering safe practices and coninternal telephone system.
equipment which is capable of
cerned attitudes. All unit safety
Master control for the system
inflicting serious injury if misusYOUR INTEREST!
officers can provide a valuable
ed or abused. This equipment inis in the radio room, with other
cludes some 3,100 ground
~ .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
stations in the offices of mission
coordinator and the operations
vehicles, i.e., jeeps, buses and
officer. Communications may be
trucks; about 650 aircraft; and a
initiated at any one of the three
sizeable quantity of high-voltage ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
equipment. As of July this year,
With the new communications
CAP has experienced some 30
~ ~
aircraft-related accidents or in~ii~ i!i i i! ~!i ~i ii!i i i !!ii~i i~i~ ~ii i!~ i~i~i!i ~i!!ii~i centerl a fleet of 11 airplanes
i~. i ~
and upwards of 50 people
cidents, 21 surface vehicle ac- ...........................
available for search and rescue
cidents, and 47 other injuries to
~ = . . . . ~i
~ i
work, the Daytona Beach Sq. has
members involved in CAP acan operating capability untivities.
matched inthe Florida Wing.
While flying safety is often

Ground Safety Is Also Important




Middle East Region

West Richmond Cadet Sq. (Virginia
Wing) once again made its annual trip to
the Smithsonian Institution. Also included
in the trip was a visit to the restoration
museum at Silver Hill, Md... The Carroll
Comp. Sq. (Maryland Win'g) conducted a
weekend SARCAP recently to test the
ability of the squadron to handle multiple
missions at the same time and to provide
additional training to their personnel.
Members of the Frederick Comp. Sq.,
Howard Comp. Sq., Reisterstown Comp.
Sq. and Prince Georges Comp. Sq.
assisted in the exercise.
When the Canadian cadets visited South
Carolina recently, they were given a tour
of the Governor's Mansion, the Riverbanks Park Zoo and appeared on WISTV's Carolina Today program... Three
members of the Raleigh Comp. Sq.
recently won awards at the North
Carolina Summer Cadet Encampment.
Cadet Barry Gladstone was chosen the
Outstanding Cadet Officer. First Lts.
Mark Edwards and Lynne Edwards were
awarded the two Outstanding Senior
Member Awards.
Seventy-eight North Carolina cadets
recently attended their annual summer
encampment which was held at the
Cherry Point Marine Corps Air Station.
Capt. Gary Horenkamp of the Goldsboro
Comp. Sq. was the commander... Three
Hickory Airport-based organizations have
been recognized for their assistance and
cooperation during a statewide training
exercise. Certificates of Appreciation
from the North Carolina Wing commander, Col. Eugene E. HarweU, were
presented to Cannon Aviation and the two
Federal Aviation Administration units at
the airport.
Col. Louisa S. Morse, commander of the
Middle East Region, is one of 10 alumnae
from Miss Potter's School in Farmington,
Conn. to be saluted in the Spring '77
school bulletin. The honored alumnae
were women "who were graduated before
1935 and whose achievements at home, in
volunteer work, in careers, have been outstanding." ... Recently the South Carolina
Wing held its Annual Model Rocket
Contest. Cadets and senior members
came from all over the state to participate. At the day's end, Cadet Dan
Driver was declared the over-all winner.
Cadets Frank Holly and Avery Jones
claimed second and third place honors,
Cadets Dean McGallaird and Chris
Scheppegrell of the 111th ARRS Sq.
(North Carolina Wing) recently completed the Air Force Academy Survival
Course. Training was done through the
survival, evacuation, resistance and esc a p e i n s t r u c t o r s . . .

Northeast Region
Members of Massachusetts Wing's
Thunderbolt Sq., Shrewsbury Sq., TriCounty Sq. and Worcester Sq. have completed a one-day training exercise on Mt.
Wachusetts. This exercise was designed
to prepare the cadets for ground
operations in rough terrain. Air Force
Reserve Capt. Lewin E. Nyman, supervised the training... Members of the
Southmoreland Comp. Sq., (Pennsylvania
Wing) conducted a program on Civil Air
Patrol at their local junior high school
recently. Various equipment used was
demonstrated and talks were given concerning summer activities, encampments, uniform, etc.
Cadets and senior members of Bristol
Comp. Sq. (Connecticut Wing) recently spent their Labor Day holiday answering
phones and taking pledges for the Jerry
Lewis Muscular Dystrophy Telethon.

Southeast Region
Ocean Springs/Keesler Comp. Sq.
(Mississippi Wing) recently hosted three
French cadets and their escort during
their visit to the Gulf coast. While there,
they were given a boat ride to Ship Island
and Fort Massachusetts... Members of
the Aibertville Comp. Sq. (Alabama
Wing) recently participated in a dedication parade as an honor guard unit. Those
participating were Cadets William
Henry, K. D. Dorsett, Mitchell Bailey and
Annette Henry.
Ocean Springs/Keesler Comp. Sq.,
along with Pascagoula and Gulfport Sqs.
(Mississippi Wing) took part in a Type B
encampment consisting of three
weekends of different activities... Cadets
from the Tallahassee Comp. Sq. (Florida
Wing) recently "joined"the Navy at Pensacola Naval Air Station. Sixteen cadets
and senior members led by lstLt. Scott
O. Boyd were guests of the Navy for a
busy weekend of activities... Cadet Joel
K. Edmondson of Jackson Cadet Sq.
(Mississippi Wing) recently attended the
Southeast Region Cadet Staff College at
Samford University, Birmingham, Ala.
C a d e t R o l a n d T. D i c k s o n o f t h e
Jackson Cadet Sq. (Mississippi Wing) has
joined the U.S. Navy. Prior to joining he
was cadet commander of his squadron...
Fourteen cadets and two seniors from
the Aibonito High School Cadet Sq.
(Puerto Rico Wing) were awarded certificates recently upon their graduation
from a Civil Defense radiological
monitoring course.


uniforms and two ranks. One uniform is
Air Force blue with CAP insignia and caprain's bars and the other is Army green
with sergeant's stripes... Cadet Michael
Uveges of the Bowling Green-Warren
County Comp. Sq. (Kentucky Wing)
recently received his novice class
amateur radio license and made his first
contact on the amateur bands. In recognition of his accomplishment, Cadet Uveges
received the American Radio Relay
League First Contact Club Certificate of
Marion Comp. Sq. (Indiana Wing)
hosted the first annual cadet SAR exercise in the Great Lakes Region recently.
Indiana Wing senior staff section heads
advised the cadets in various sections
throughout the day. Air Force personnel
were present to critique the over-all mission... Cadets from Oscoda, Bay City and
Saginaw Squadrons (Michigan Wing) took
first place for marching units in Oscoda's
Paul Bunyan Festival Parade recently. A
plaque was presented to the cadets after
the parade.
Cadets and senior members of
Firelands Cadet Sq. (Ohio Wing) recently spent the day as guests of the 200th
Civil Engineering Sq. (HR), stationed at
Camp Perry, and received a certificate as
honorary Air National Guardsmen for a
day ... Members of Sterling Cadet Sq.
(Michigan Wing) were visited by their
Congressman James Blanchard recently.
Rep. Blanchard presented a flag to the
squadron which had flown over the U.S.
Capitol. Squadron commander, Capt.
Robert A. Wills, accepted the flag...
Group VIII of the Wisconsin Wing held its
first "Rescue and Survival School"
recently. The encampment was held at
the Wyalusing State Park. More than 40
cadets and 22 seniors were in attendance.

PA1,,, E F I F T E E N

School Comp. Sq. (Texas Wing) is participating in aluminum can collection and
recycling. The group hopes to be able to
purchase a radio which will be used for

Rocky Mtn. Region
The Mile-Hi Cadet Sq. (Colorado Wing)
hosted an On-the-Job Training Program
for over 40 teenagers from four units at
Buckley ANG Base recently. The cadets
worked in 11 different areas on the base
learning about their operations and functions on and to the base itself... The Mt.
Olympus Cadet Sq. (Utah Wing) recently
won the second Utah Wing Cadet Drill
competition held recently. The team was
eommanded~ Cadet Caroline Blessing...
Cadet Gregg M. Beary, a member of the
North Valley Comp. Sq. (Colorado Wing)
was named honor cadet at the wing's Type
B Encampment recently. Beary served as
the encampment's cadet deputy commander.
The U.S. Air Force credited the Billings
Comp. Sq. (Montana Wing) with a "find"
recently in its search for the source of an
aircraft emergency transmitter. Second
Lt. Jim Anderson and 1st Lt. Rich Xifo
found the source of the signal after four
hours of air search... The Twin Falls
Cadet Sq. (Idaho Wing) recently took
part in Airport Day held at Joslin Field.
Cadets were in charge of parking, traffic
control and flight line security. Highlight
of the day was a fly-over bythe replica of
the Spirit of St. Louis.

Pacific Region

Cadets Richard Moneymaker and
Robert Powell of the Tukwila Comp. Sq.
(Washington Wing) are keeping their
private pilot licenses very current by flying two cross-country's this summer...
Members of the Reno Senior Sq. (Nevada
Wing) recently flew two sorties a day to ....
During a recent week-long enwatch for signals of distress during a recampment, two cadet members of the
cent Girl Scout back-pack.
Siouxland Comp. Sq. (Iowa Wing) took
Members of the Tukwila Comp. Sq.
two of the top honors of four that were
(Washington Wing) went on a guided tour
awarded. Cadet Scott Nelson was named
of the Federal Aviation Administration
Outstanding Cadet and Cadet Kevan
Flight Center recently. They were shown
Oleson received a plaque for the best
through the facility by James Parcell and
first-year cadet...
Edward Haeseker, both air controllers.
The cadets were given demonstrations in
the use of the new computer radar system
Capt.-Don Ratliff, commander of Ardalong with the old manual and relay
more Comp. Sq., recently appeared on the
KXII-TV production "Today in Texoma,"
150th Air Rescue Sq. (California Wing)
has manned a booth at the annual Long
a public affairs program, explaining the
Beach Airport Day. Members gave basic
d i ff e r e n t f u n c t i o n s o f t h e C i v i l A i r
orientation about CAP and its mission to
Patrol... The use of narcotics by teenapproximately 10,000 persons... The
agers was discussed at a regular meeting
Nevada Wing was awarded a rating of exof the Randolph AFB Comp. Sq. (Texas
cellent after they completed the largest
Wing) with two experienced members of
the narcotics squadron of the San Antonio
combined CD exercise in the history of
Capt. Bryan F. Seifert, commander of
.Parma .Cadet Sq. .(Ohio Wing). wears .two. Police. Department.... The .Calvert. High. . the. wing.. . . . . . . . . . . . . ................
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . .

North Central Region

Southwest Region

Great Lakes Region

Teacher, Pilot, CAP Member--But She Wears Nun's Habit
Lieutenant Colonel, USAFR
MAXWELL AFB, Ala.--Fulltime teacher, sometime pilot,
Civil Air Patrol enthusiast. Mix
them together with a nun's
And it all adds up to an unusual
person, Sister Anna-Maria
CoverdelI, a participant in the
just-completed Aerospace
Education Leadership Development Course held here at
facilities of Air University.
Following completion of the
course, Sister Anna-Maria
returned to her home with the
Sisters of Mercy in Omaha,
Neb., where she will use the
knowledge gained here in her
chemistry teaching assignment
at Mercy High School.
It will also give a boost to her
assignment as instructor in
Radiulogical Defense, as well as
assisting in search and rescue

operations with her local Civil
Air Patrol unit. She holds the
rank of major in CAP.
Although others might look
askance at a nun working with
CAP, she sees nothing unusual in
"As a Sister of Mercy, I have
dedicated my life to service of
God's people wherever they
are," she explains. "CAP in its
search and rescue mission helps
those in need, and that's my
calling. SO I see nothing conflicting in my duties as a nun and
my efforts in CAP."
Sister Anna-Maria has spent 30
years in the classroom. She estimates that, during that time,
she has taught more than 5,000
students. During extra time, she
instructed another 1,000 persons
in classes in radiological
defense. These classes are
sprinkled with housewives, adult
and cadet CAP members, school
teachers, shop stewards, and

even a unit of theCoast Guard
which patrols the Missouri
Although she has taught at the
elementary level, her first love
in teaching is her position as
high school chemistry teacher
where she instructs students at
the junior and senior level-- a
position for which she is
eminently qualified.
A member of the American
Chemical Society, Sister AnnaMaria is also a member of that
body's select committee which
prepares the test annually administered to some 85 per cent of
the country's high school
chemistry students.
In 1975, some 40 members of
the test committee selected her
as chairman of the group. She is
currently serving as chairman of
the Omaha section of the
American Chemical Society.
A love of flying led her to cam
her private pilot license at the

age of 54. "I had always wanted
to fly, but thought the expense
involved would prevent my learning," she explained.
"But I was working with a
group of cadets, and two female
cadets in the group wanted to attend a solo flying encampment.
The sponsors asked me to go as
an escort. When I told them I
couldn't, they bargained with
me, saying they would teach me
to fly if I would accompany the
She went along and got her
license, too.
What was one of the most unusual experiences in her
teaching career? It was in being
escorted by former President
H a r r y Tr u m a n t h r o u g h t h e
Truman Library before it opened
to the public.
It happened this way. She was
a teacher from 1955 to 1959 in St.
Mary's High School in
Inden~ndon-~ ~#" A,~^~,4;..

that school were John and Mary
Truman, great-nephew and niece
of President Truman. In 1958,
just before the library was
dedicated, the salty former
President offered to personally
conduct John and Mary's
classmates through the library.
"He was a great person,"
Sister Anna-Maria said of President Truman, and added, "I
thought this was one of the
kindest acts he could have
As to her future plans, Sister
Anna-Maria will continue with
her teaching assignment. She
also plans to continue her work
in CAP. "I couldn't quit CAP,"
she declared.
"Because of its emphasis on
man's concern for his fellow
human beings, it has provided
me witli one of the most
rewarding experiences of my

ATLANTA, Ga.-- For those
who are expecting to attend the
National Board meeting here
this month, we are reproducing
on this page a map of the downtown Atlanta area.
Please note that the name of
Cain Street, on which the
Marriott Motor Hotel is located,
has recently been changed to
International Boulevard and
street signs have been changed
in recent days to reflect this
Those driving to Atlanta will




exit the Interstate at the International Boulevard (instead of
Cain Street) exit if coming from
the south. If driving from the
north, you should exit at

Courtland Street.
The key to the map is as
follows: Star (uppercenter of
map)-- Marriott Motor Hotel
(headquarters for the National

Board meeting); Star iu a circle
(center of map)-- Five Points,
center of inner city (NOTE:
Rapid transit construction just
south of Five Points has caused

~ I I d T E R N AT I O N A L B LV [ ) .

Florida Pilot.
Completes Own
Verieze Plane

re-routing of traffic in this
area.); 1. Capitol Hill; 2. City
Hall Square; 3. Fulton County
Courthouse; 4. Underground
Atlanta; 5. Georgia State
University; 6. Hyatt Regency
Hotel; 7. St. Joseph's Infirmary;
8. Russell Federal Building;
9. Davison's Department Store;
10. Rich's Department Store.
Grant Park and the Cyclorama
are just at the lower righthand
corner of the map. Martin
Luther King's grave is located at
the righthand edge of the map.

Western Staff
College Held
In C lit'm'nia

MERRITT ISLAND, Fla.-Capt. John Murphy, a member of
the Central Brevard Comp. Sq.,
has completed construction and
testing of his Verieze airplane.
He spent about six months and
$6,000 to complete the Verieze
from plans drawn by Bert
Rutan, a California designer.
"It's a great plane to fly,"
Murphy said. "It cruises at 200
miles per hour and has a range
of 800 miles. The best part is, it
gets 38 miles per gallon which is
more than double that of most
single-engine planes."
The aircraft weighs 630
pounds, has a wingspan of 22
feet, and is 12 feet long. It has a
90 horsepower engine and a fuel
capacity of 26 gallons. It requires a takeoff strip length of
2,000 feet and landing strip of 1,500 feet.
Except for the engine and
mounts, it is made almost entirely from fiberglass and
styrofoam. The pusher engine,
with rear-mounted propeller,
provides the illusion that the
plane is flying backwards.
Murphy has also incorporated
vertical fins on each wingtip
which increases the efficiency
about 8 percent and reduces
CapL Murphy and his son flew
the new aircraft to Oshkosh,
Wisc., for the air show there in

I RV I N E , C a l i f . - - C i v i l A i r
Patrol's Western Staff College
was held in late June and early
July here at the University of
California-Irvine (UCI).
It followed on the heels of the
Pacific Region Squadron Officers School, also held here.
Forty-five CAP members
from the Pacific and Rocky
Mountain Regions attended the
staff college as students.
Subjects covered included
Communications Skills; Effective Listening Training; Management and Leaclersbip; Community Resou~aining;
Personal Health and Copl~
~; Ceremonies and Social
Events; and Orientations,
Summary and Critique.
Col. (Ret.) William E. Lewis,
USAFR, who is also a CAP
member, served as commandant
of the college. Speakers included
Col. Howard Brookfield, Pacific
Region commander; Dr. Mort
Gherman; Rear Adm. (Ret.)
R i c h a r d Ly o n , U S N R ; D r.
Richard Ovington from National
Headquarters at Maxwell AFB,
Ala.; William T. Scherer, Fluor
Corp; Dr. William T. Richardson, Northrop Corp; Col.
Howard Hull, USAFR; personnel from UCI; and a number
of others.

North Dakota Unit A rranges Own Type B Encampment
Squadron Information Officer
FA R G O , N . D . - - F a r g o Moorehead Cadet Sq. (North
Dakota Wing) held its own Type
B encampment in June at Bad
Medicine Lake, Minn. Maj.
David L. Ortner, squadron commander, began planning the encampment when the North
Dakota Wing said that it could
not afford to hold one.
A new experience for the
squadron, the camp was held quite successfully at Vernonen's
Resort on Bad Medicine Lake.
Twelve cadets from the FargoMoorehead Sq. attended.
Maj. Ortner rented a cabin for
the headquarters, kitchen and
his own quarters. The cadets did
all the menu l)lanning and
cooking. They lived in four and
five-man tents in a section of the
Some of the leadership lab section of the camp was incorperated in work projects arranged between Maj. Ortner and Bill

Veronen, owner of the resort.
The work projects consisted of
improvements at the resort.
Ray Stordahl, president of a
Fargo, N.D., firm, had work for
the cadets, also. In exchange for
their digging trenches for a
watering system on his lake lot,
Stordahl let the cadets use his
sailboat and his power boat for
water skiing.
The cadets also had use of the

resort's boats and canoes, as
well as the squadron's own
power boat. Skiing was a
favorite pasttime since there
were two boats to pull skiers.
As part of the encampment
training, the cadets were taught
how to use a compass by Itasca
State Park, Minn., Ranger Gene
Wroe. More than just a
classroom instruction, the
course included a 12-mile hike

Illinois Unit Members
Spend Busy Weekend
LOCKPORT, I11.-- A two-day
air show here at Lewis Lockport
Airport meant a busy weekend
for senior and cadet members of
Illinois Wing Groups 8 and 16.
Senior members provided
supervision while cadets
assisted the organizers of the air
show, the Chicago Area Sports
Aviation, with ground communications, guarding aircraft
on display, flightline duty, crowd

control and also in manning a
CAP recruiting booth.
Approximately 50 cadets and
12 seniors from the two groups
participated in the event.
The Chicago Area Sports
Aviation, a local chapter of the
Experimental Aircraft
Association, had high praise for
the job the cadets did. This airpert is approximately 25 miles
southwest of Chicago.

through the densely wooded and
marshy areas of the state park.
The cadets were sent out in
pairs at five-minute intervals
with a map, compass and, carrying on their backs, supplies for
two days. They were to find a
pre-selected campsite five miles
away. Because of a steady downpour, the going was rough.
However, they found the site and
made camp in about two hours
and a half.
To test the cadets' compass
reading ability, Ranger Wroe set
up a course the next day with
markers which the cadets were
to find. They were given compass readings and the number of
steps to take between turns.
Although some cadets miscalculated on some directions,
the compass-reading hikers
usually came close to, if not
right on, the markers.
When the test was finished, the
cadets packed up, took out their
compasses once again, and began
the long hike back to the lake.
At the end of the week,
everyone loaded up and headed

home to Fargo where they had
an appointment to help the
North Dakota Air National
Guard celebrate its 30th ann!versary. The celebration included an open-house and a show
by the Air Force's Thunderbirds
at which the cadets assisted.
They also put on their own display at the open house.

is easy
~i~i~ We're
~ii cou~ing

Red Cross. The Good Neighbor.