File #188: "CAPNews-JAN1975.pdf"


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..... " Set For July,
MAXWELL AFB, Aia.--The eighth annual Civil Air Patrol
National Staff College (NSCt will be conducted here July 3--9,
1975. The week-long program will formally open on the morning
of July 3 and conclude with the traditional CAP DiningOut/Graduation Banquet on the evening of July 9.
The NSC staff, composed of
The 200 senior member officer
Air Force Reserve and selected
and warrant officer attendees
will undergo an intensified
senior member officers, will be
headed by the NSC Course Direcprogram of lectures, seminars,
field activities, and social af- tor. Col. William E. Lewis.
Reserve Region Commander.
(See NAT'L SCHOOL, Page 2}
The purpose of the college is to
prepare selected senior member
officers to bet~r execute the
delegated and implied duties and
responsibilities associated with
SIGNING--Civil Air Patrol and Defense Civil Preparedness Agency officials sign a
CAP command and staff
Memorandum of Understanding in a ceremony at the Pentagon. Signing the Memorandum
positions. To achieve this purare: (from left to right), CAP Brig. Gen. William M. Patterson, chairman of the national pose. the NSC curriculum is
divided into four major topical
board; John E. Davis, DCPA director and Air Force Brig. Gen. Leslie J. Westberg, national
areas, namely: Communicacommander.
MAXWELL AFB, Ala.--Thirtions Skills, Leadership, Manty-four lives were saved throughagement, and CAP Problem
out the United States {at press
Solving at the unit level.
Included in the course plan is time), in 1974, as a result of
Civil Air Patrol's Search and
student participation in Project
X. a field exercise in leadership Rescue efforts.
Rounding out the year with
and group behavior, which is an
saves in late November were
integral part of the USAF
are not concerned solely with
Squadron Officer School's resi- CAP members from the Alaska,
preparadness areas includes
MAXWELL AFB, Ala.--Civil
Idaho and Wisconsin Wings.
responses to military attack but dent program at Maxwell AFB.
radio communications; light
Air Patrol and the Defense Civil
CAP pilot Dale Jepson of the
are active during disaster
transport and flights for
Preparedness Agency (DCPA)
Additionally, the Civil Air
Alaskan '~ing flew two sorties
situations such as floods,
recently signed a Memorandum - e m e r g e n c y p e r s o n n e l a n d
Patrol threefold mission will
and received credit for saving
hurricanes, tornadoes and the
medical supplies; aerial surof Understanding in a ceremony
receive coverage in the form ~:~f
the lives of two men who had
like, directing rescue and
veillance; courier and
at the Pentagon in Washington.
selected briefings from
crashed their aircraft in the
recovery work. CAP has always
messenger service; aerial and
The Memorandum is aimed at
vicinty of Drift River, Alaska.
members of the National Headground radiological monitoring, worked with civil defense agenincreasing cooperation between
CAP was called upon for this
Civil preparedness agencies cies on such matters,
quarters staff.
CAP regions and wings, and
mission when a Air Force C-130
state and local civil defense
aircraft reported a distress
signal it had picked up from an
Signing the Memorandum
emergency Iocator transmitter
were John E. Davis, DCPA
director; Air Force Brig. Gen.
Due to the inaccessibility of
plete his application and subrevisions for the 1975-76
Leslie J. Westberg, national
the crash site, a volunteer
school year, was mailed to all
mit it to the squadron comcommander and CAP Brig. Gen.
Ala.--Civil Air Patrol
civilian helicopter plucked the
units in the November unit
mander. The squadron comWilliam M. Patterson, chairman
scholarships and grants
two survivors from the minus 20distribution. Squadron commander then forwards the
of the national board.
totalling $41,000 will be
degree temperature at the crash
manders are urged to bring a p p l i c a t i o n t o w i n g h e a d site.
S E E PA G E 1 2
awarded to selected eligible
The two, who were suffering
this pamphlet to the attention quarters to arrive by March
The Memorandum calls for the
applicants for the 1975-76
from minor injuries, were then
d e v e l o p m e n t o f e ff e c t i v e
15. Deadline for receipt of
of their cadets and members.
academic year.
airlifted to Kenai, Alaska via
agreements between state and
applications at National
The awards will be made in
To be eligible, applicants
CAP aircraft.
local civil preparedness agenHeadquarters is APRIL 1.
accordance with the
Members of the Wisconsin
cies and CAP wings to provide
must have completed reApplications received after
X'ting were called upon to assist
provisions of CAP Pamphlet
for the conditions and types of
quirements for either the
April 1 will not be considered.
in a search for a 14-year-old
20--Scholarships and Grants.
CAP support available to the
cadet Billy Mitchell Award or
A scholarship is awarded
youth who was reported missing
civil preparedness agencies durWinners will be named by a
the Senior Rating in Level II
while hunting in the Cheing emergencies.
for four years, and may be
selection committee apof the Senior Member Trainquamegon National Forest in
It also calls for closer coopera- pointed by the National Comrenewed each year by letter
northwestern Wisconsin.
i n g P r o g r a m . N O L AT E R
tion between CAP and civil mander.
of request to National HeadA CAP search aircraft was
preparedness agencies in a
launched and located the young
The December 1974 issue of
number of other areas. CAP supApplications
man. The pilot then guided a
CAPP 20, with appropriate
port to the states in civil
A grant is a one-year
ground team composed of CAP
scholarships and grants
award, and must be remembers and a game warden to
should be submitted on CAP
applied for.
his rescue.
Form 95. (Please use the
The temperature was below
latest four-page CAPF 95
PORTLAND, Ore. -- The Pacific Region is currently planning
freezing and there was a fourscholarship and grant
for its 1975 Pacific Region Staff College at the University of Portdated December 1974) All reinch snow on the ground during
program began in 1965 with
land, July 27 through August 2.
quired information and supthis search and rescue
The college will be limited to 150 students, and is open to all
the award of two four-year
porting documents must be
senior members of Pacific Region with grade of warrant officer
scholarships. The total
A ground team from CAP's
submitted or the application
and above. Applications will also be accepted from members of the
Idaho Wing along with personnel
monetary value of these
will not be considered.
Southwest and Rocky Mountain Regions on a space available basis.
from the Kootenai County
scholarships and grants to
Application forms may be obApplications should be on CAP Form 17, and are to go through'
Sheriff's office located a lost
date exceeds $400,000. It
tained from National Headyour unit and ,wing commander. Wing commanders will forward
hunter near East Coeur d' Alene,
would be impossible to put a
directly to: Commandant, PacReg Staff College, 3501 NE Marine
quarters through regular
finite value upon the
Drive, Portland, OR, 97211.
forms-requisitioning proceThe ground team searched 15
Those personnel who have either attended the 1974 PacReg Staff
e d u c a t i o n a l w o r t h t o t h e square miles during this mission
College, or a National Staff College since 1971, are invited to apply
before the hunter was located.
recipients and to the nation.
Each applicant thust cornfor staff positions.

34 Saves
During '74

CAP And Defense Agency
Sign Mem0 Understanding .....

Scholarships Total $41,000

PacRegion Slates College

J A N U A R Y, 1 9 7 5



USAF Liaison Offices
Receive Phone-Mates

MAXWELL AFB, Ala.--When you telephone one of the Civil Air
Patrol--Air Force Liaison Offices in the future you may get the
following answer: "At the sound of the beep, leave your message:"
Don't be alarmed, the offices are now equipped with an
automatic answering service called Phone-Mate.
At present 49 of the 52 wings have these units installed with Maine,
National Capital and Puerto Rico scheduled to be operational in
the near future.
The Phone-Mates, which cost an average of $122 each, partially
replace the secretaries who were eliminated in a recent force
When leaving your message be sure you give the time of your call
and when and where it can be returned.

Annual SAR Test Halted
To Search For Downed Craft

T O P AWA R D - - Wa r r a n t O f fi c e r T h o m a s E . G i o r d a n ( l e f t ) o f t h e N e w J e r s e y W i n g i s
presented the Frank Borman Falcon Award--the highest award attainable by a former
cadet--by New Jersey Governor Brendan Byrne (right), as CAP Col. Frederick S. Bell, wing

Nat'l School Set For July
Basic eligibility senior
member officer or warrant ofricer grade-at the time of
application remains the same.
However. unlike the two most
recent programs, application for
the 1975 NSC will be open to certain individuals who have
previously attended. Application
eligibility for return attendance
is limited to those individuals.
who have attended only one
previous NSC and who have not
attended since 1972.

may be selected against a given
region's allocated spaces. Wing
commanders recommending
selection of a prior attendee
applicant must provide
appropriate written justification_
to the respective region commander.
Application-selection dates for
the activity are detailed in
CAPR 50-9. Senior Member Act i v i t i e s . A d d i t i o n a l l y, c r i t i c a l
application submission dates are
spelled out in a related article in
this month's issue of the Bulletin
Board. Of immediate importance to all eligible and interested seniors is the Feb. 28.
1975 deadline for their
applications to be submitted to
their respective wing headquarters. CAP Form 17. Application for Senior Member Activities, dated January 1974.
must be used for NSC
application. Instructions for
completion and dissemination of
required copies are included on
back of the form.

their wing headquarters in accordance with CAPR 10-3.
. 7".
National Headquarters will
provide attendees with information regarding reporting instructions, curriculum content.
climate, proper wear of the uniform, customs and courtesies
peculiar to Maxwell AFB and
other pertinent data pertaining
to the National Staff College.
The fixed costs [or each
attendee will approximate $5.50
per day.



stands during the fly-ins which
involved more than 40 antique,
experimental and home built aircraft.
Virginia members were from
the Peninsula Composite
Squadron while Maryland was
represented by the Towson Composite Squadron.

CAP 'Thanked' For Survey

Air Patrol has received a "well
done" for their services performed in the survey of airports
conducted by the Federal Aviation Administration.
During a recent visit to
National Headquarters. FAA officials expressed their appreciation for the work CAP members
did to compile facts for their
Selectees and alternate
"best seller." General Aviation
selectees will receive
Activity Survey 1972.
appropriate notification by
T h e p a r t y c o n s i s t e d o f D r.
National Headquarter/DOT
M e r v i n K . S t r i c k l e r J r. . c h i e f .
approximately May 2. TransporAviation Education Programs
tation Authorizations for
Division. Office of General
attendees are to be prepared by
Aviation: James C. Pope, acting
Assistant Administrator. Office
of General Aviation; Otho M.
Mendenhall, deputy director of
the Executive Secretariat of the
FAA and Larry Williams, chief,
BALTIMORE, Md. -- Capt. Paul A. Willard of Virginia's Roanoke
Composite Squadron received the Falcon Award during the recent I n f o r m a t i o n a n d S t a t i s t i c s
Division, FAA.
Middle East Region Conference here.
During their brief stay here
Captain Willard is presently majoring in business at Virginia
Western Community College in Roanoke, while holding a full-time they presented a copy of the survey to Brig. Gen. Leslie J.
job as chief cost accountant at Universal Communications System.
He joined the Roanoke unit as a cadet in 1969 and is presently serv- Westberg, USAF, national comm a n d e r, a n d e x p r e s s e d t h e i r
ing as squadron information officer and commandant of cadets.
appreciation for CAP's time and
Williard is also active in scouting and is presently Scoutmaster of
effort in conducting the survey
Troop 472. He has received the Eagle Scout Award with Bronze Clasp
and is also a member of the Brotherhood, Order of the Arrow, and interviews.
-In addition, the officials disHonor Society in scouting.
cussed other areas of cooperaCAP Brig. Gen. William M. Patterson, national board chairman,
tion between FAA and CAP.
made the presentation.

Region commanders again are
the selection authority for their
respective region applications.
As in recent years, the number
of NSC spaces allocated to each
region is determined by National
headquarters based upon the
region's proportional percentage
of the total CAP senior
membership. Region commanders, at their discretion.
may allocate a maximum of ten
percent of their regional spaces
to eligible prior attendees as outlined above. This means that
from 1-4 eligible prior attendees

Units Assist

During Hy-lns

commander, looks on. The ceremony took place in the Governor's office.

(Continued From Page 1)
Pacific Region. Lt. Steve Hampt o n . U S A F. I s a s s i g n e d a s
National Headquarters project
officer for the third consecutive

Litchfield Senior Squadron, and
HARTFORD, Conn..-- The
CAP Maj. Walter King Jr., his
Connecticut Wing's annual
Search And Rescue effectiveness o b s e r v o r, f r o m t h e To r r i n g t o n
test recently came to an abrupt C a d e t S q u a d r o n l o c a t e d t h e
halt when they were called upon
The 'find' aircraft circled the
to search for a possibly downed
site as another CAP plane lead
Seventy-five senior members
the land rescue team to the burnand 65 cadets were conducting ed wreckage. The pilot, the only
one aboard was killed. State
the test with mission control
located at the Brainard Airport
police commended CAP for their
in Hartford, Conn., when they
assistance in locating the airreceived the 'go ahead' to join
craft and helping to secure the
the search.
M i s s i o n C o o r d i n a t o r, C A P
Capt. Bruce Lloyd closed the
test and dispatched a land rescue
team from it's area to the
reported area where the
Cherokee aircraft was last heard
H A M P T O N . Va . - - C i v i l A i r
from. The aircraft was on a
Patrol members were on hand at
fl i g h t f r o m H a r t f o r d t o Wa t e r the Williamsburg-Jamestown
ford. Conn.
Airport here and the MartinCAP aircraft were sent up imMarietta Airport near Townson,
mediately to search the flight
path of the missing craft. Md.. recently toassistin theExApproximately two hours after ~ ~perimental Aircraft Association
CAP aircraft were airborne. Fly-Ins in those areas.
~ ~'~
The cadets and seniors
CAP Senior Member F. Philippon,
assisted in traffic and crowd
a pilot from the Col. Clinton G
control and operated concession

Willard Gets Falcon Award

THANKS--Otho M. Mendenhall, deputy director of the Exe c u t i v e S e c r e t a r i a t o f FA A ( l e f t ) , p r e s e n t s a c o p y o f t h e
General Aviation Activity Survey-1972 to Brig. Gen. Leslie J.
Westberg, USAF, national commander, during a recent visit to
National Headquarters.




. by Chaplain (Col.) Joseph T. O'Brien, USAF


i !
Warrent Officer Reda Beck,
Maxwell (Alabama Wing)
Cadet Squadron, discusses
current cadet activities outlined in the 1974 Report to
Congress with Air Force Maj.
Gen. (Chaplain) Henry J.
Meade, Chief Of Chaplains,
USAF. General Meade is the
highest ranking known exCAP cadet in the Air Force.
(Photo by MSgt. Russ Brown)

Just before he left for Geneva for what was to be his final journey,
Ambassador Adlai E. Stevenson spent a weekend with friends. With
him he had a copy of a message entitled "Desiderata," with notation
that the original was found in Old Saint Paul's Church, Baltimore,
dated 1692. He-read this aloud and indicated that he would use it on his
Christmas card that year:
Go placidly amid the noise and the haste, and remember what peace
there may be in silence. As far as possible without surrender be on
good terms with all persons. Speak your truth quietly and clearly; and
listen to others, even the dull and the ignorant; they too have their
story. If you compare yourself with others, you may become vain and
bitter; for always there will be greater and lesser persons than
yourself. Enjoy your achievements as well as your plans. Keep interested in your own career, however humble; it is a real possession in
the changing fortunes of time. Exercise caution in your business affairs; for the world is full of trickery. But let this not blind you to what
virtue there is; many persons strive for high ideals; and everywhere
life is full of heroism. Be yourself. Especially do not feign affection.
Neither be cynical about love; for in the face of all aridity and disenchantment it is as periennial as the grass. Take kindly the counsel of
the years, gracefully surrendering the things of youth. Nurture
strength of spirit to shield you in misfortune. But do not distress
yourself with imaginings. Many fears are born of fatigue and
loneliness. Beyond a wholesome dieipline, be gentle with yourself.
You are a child of the universe no less than the trees and the stars; you
have a right to be here. And whether or not it is clear to you, no doubt
the universe is unfolding as it should. Therefore be at peace with God,
whatever you conceive Him to be, and whatever your labors and
aspirations, in the noisy confusion of life keep peace with your soul.
With all its sham, drudgery and broken dreams, it is still a beautiful
world. Be careful. Strive to be happy.

Air Force Chaplain Recalls
'Early Days' As CAP Cadet

don't believe I obtained any
(cadet) rank at all," recalled
Maj. Gen. (Chaplain) Henry J.
ANNVILLE, Pa. -- Members of CAP's Senior Squadron 306 of AnnMeade, Chief of Chaplains,
ville recently participated in a Boy Scout and Civil Defense exercise
U S A F. T h a t ' s i n t e r e s t i n g
held in Lebanon County.
because General Meade is now
This was a combined effort with personnel participating from the the highest ranking known exstate police, auxiliary police, fire and rescue units, radio operators Civil Air Patrol cadet in the Air
and local hospitals.
CAP was giv~e task of locating a simulated downed aircraft by
Chaplain Meade joined the
air seardr. Upon locating the crash site, pilots relayed the proper location through CD controls and gave ground directions for the rescue.
CAP cadet program in 1942 while
Using this information, the actual ground search and rescue he was a student atSL Anse]m's
College in Mar, chester, N.H.
procedures were conducted throughout the day long training by
various personnel taking part.
Several of his friends Were CAP
cadets and his membership was,
All CAP pilots participating were given the opportunity to locate the
in part, "an act of curiosity."
"Plus," he said, "I've always
had an inner love of flying."

Unit Participates In Exercise

years would pass before he again
it is now--an institution of great
admiration and nobility," said
joined an 'air' force,
"Because of my cadet ex-'
Chaplain Meade, an ex-CAP
perience, I'd always wanted to
cadet who really made good!
fly," he said. One of the first
things he did when he entered~ tzOpaa-the Air Force in 1957 was to take
flying lessons and solo. Flying is
today one of Chaplain Meade's p~; ~ ][~i

The HQ CAP-USAF£haplain's



Office keeps him current on the
MUSCLE SHOALS, Ala. -happenings in CAP. There have
been several changes over the Cadet Col. Joe McKinney of the
Muscle Shoals Composite
past 32 years but Chaplain
Squadron was presented the
Meade has noticed one big
Gen. Carl A. Spaatz Award by
similarity between then and
Alabama State Senator Stewart
now. "People whose interests
O'Bannon here recently.
start there (in the cadet
.program), grow there." "My adCadet McKinney, son of CAP
vice to those who are in Civil Air
Capt. Carlos and 1st Lt.. Martha
The 1942 program was
Patrol is to enjoy the years of
McKinney has been in Civil Air
"motivational" for Cadet
your association with CAP," he
Patrol since 1969.
Meade. One thing that impressconcluded. "Contribute to it with
The Spaatz Award is the
ed him was the quality of the y o u r s k i l l s a n d w i t h y o u r
highest attainable award in
members he assOciated with.
"They were very dedicated,
CAP's cadet program.
"Continue to make it be what
AFB, Ala.--The 75th National Convention o e ii!!
~.:." Veterans of Foreign Wars has adopted a resolution which calls .:.:i! attractive people," he recalled.
The uniforms then were khakis
~i for close support with Civil Air Patrol.
and the cadets met once a week
~.!i In a letter to National Headquarters, Edward L. Burnham, :!:i
i!il director of Yot/th Activities for VFW said, "the resolution is in i~i for classes ("get togethers"). In
addition to his participation in
i!!! recognition of the cooperation of Civil Air Patrol along with i~i':
drill and ceremonies and other
ii~! other organizations and associations in the develoI~ment of our i:!:
training, General Meade also
!iii youth, safety and patriotic programs and in sincere appreciation "i~
flew as a cadet, an influence that
!:~: of same."
would make itself felt later.
To t a l
!iii I-le added that "pursuant to this resolution we are urging our :::::
i!ii Posts, County Councils, Districts and Departments to maintain ii~i
(As of Nov. 30, 1974)
In 1943, General Meade relin::iit
:i:i and strengthen their ties with Civil Air Patrol."
quished his cadet membership to
(732 decrease since Jan. 1, ' 1974)
enter the seminary. Fourteen





supports CAPhi!




G R A D U A L LY R A I ~ ; ; L ~ W ' e l W A S P O W E R E D m ' W~tO
MADE :!~
S U R FA C E / ~ / , n / r , I W E S T I N G H O U S E
- .


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5 1 J : - R ~ A D 5 FA E , r. ~

Courtesy of Zack Mosley and Chicago Tribune--N.Y. News Syndicated





From The Commander

by Brig. Gen. Leslie J. Westberg,
USAF, National Commander
Financial Management is
everyone's responsibility, particular?
ly when the money you save is your
own. In this period of spiraling inflation it is vitally important that every
Civil Air Patrol
member recognize
that financial management is an individual responsibility.
With the limited
funds available to
us, the best of
"rinancia I management" will be required if we are to
continue our present programs.
What does "financial management"
m e a n t o C i v i l A i r P a t r o l ? To
squadron members it means using
squadron resources (supplies, equip-

ment, and funds) efficiently. It means
turning off electrical power when not
in use, maintaining recommended
heating and cooling temperatures,
making minimum copies of letters'
and using the telephone for local
communication rather than letters.
These simple measures can mean
significant savings.
To the squadron commander, financial management means insuring that
all squadron members actively support
resource conservation. It means inventorying squadron equipment, repairing
that which can be fixed and disposing of
the unserviceable. It means recognizing
the value of the squadron's airplanes by
charging an hourly rate sufficient to
cover depreciation, overhaul and inspection. We cannot afford the luxury of
wasting assets through failure to

recognize true operating costs. Every
staff officer and member has a duty to
assist the commander in conserving the
unit's resources.
Financial management at wing and
region level differs from squadron level
only in degree. Wing and region commanders are concerned with utilization
of many airplanes and hundreds of
vehicles. They must insure the financial
soundness not only of their headquarters, but also of their many subordinate units.
In speaking of conserving resources,
we really mean conserving the
resources of the individual Civil Air
Patrol member. You are the primary
source of funds for Civil Air Patrol.
State appropriations, donations and
sales of salvage are all important to
CAP; however, the bulk of the financial
support, the money that keeps Civil Air

Patrol going, comes from your dues
and your contributions. It is your investment that will be conserved through
good financial management.
One major problem still exists. That
is the timely submission of financial
reports by individual CAP units to their
respective wings. The wing finance ofricers' limited time is almost exhausted
in consolidating those reports received
from subordinate units. Units failing to
submit their reports or failing to submit
on time place an unnecessary burden on
the finance officer. Improvement must
be forthcoming.
Sound financial management is a
never ending responsibility. I solicit
your wholehearted support in the conservation of resources and in the accurate and timely reporting of CAP
financial operations.

Chairman's,~Com m enp

by Brig. Gen. William M. Patterson,
CAP, National Board Chairman
Janus, for whom the month of January
is named, was associated with opening
gates and beginnings. This being the opening month of our new year, I think it's
appropriate to talk about some shadows
that loom over the threshold of 1975.
On December 18 1 had the privilege of
joining with other Civil Air Patrol people
at a meeting with the Honorable David P.
Taylor in his office at the Pentagon.
Mister Taylor is Assistant Secretary of the
Air Force for Man-Power and Reserve
Affairs. This highlevel get-together was
arranged by our good
friend and strong
ally, Dr. James T.
Gilligan, deputy to
Mr. Taylor.


ONE: These observations directly
affect our ability to carry out the objectives we have planned for 1975.
TWO: In laying it on the line, I was speaking for each member--all 59,000 of
us--who are trying to keep our corporation floating in some very rough seas.
It was ironic that I arrived in the Pentagon carrying my copy of the Air Force
Times dated December 18. As usual, it
was full of depressing news announcing
cutbacks in this; reductions in that; less
money for this activity; less men for that
project and in general, an honest look at
the severe reductions facing the Air
Force in the "Three-M" area.., men,
money, material.

The Air Force
delegation included
Maj. Gen. M. R.
Reilly, who commands the Globel-Spanning Headquarters Command and three
CAP-USAF members.
General Reilly and General Westberg
headed the Air Force delegation which also
included Mr. John V. Sorenson and Lt. Col.
Donald Moats. Joining me from Civil Air
Patrol was Col. Jon Hill, Middle East
Region commander. Purpose of the meeting
was to present a brief general look at Civil
Air Patrol of yesterday and today followed
by an in-depth examination of the four major problems areas we now face.
As you know, these are:
The CAP Supply Bill
Cadet Recruiting and Retention
Airlift/Aircraft Reductions
Reduction of USAF Personnel
When the formal briefing ended, we
entered into an open discussion which involved just about everybody present. It was
during this round-table exchange that I
was able to make several points.
I'm sure you'll be hearing more about this
meeting in the months ahead. However, I
want to relate to you my personal thoughts
which were expressed. I think it is essential
that you have this information right now for
two important reasons:

So I was conversant, and always have
been, with the myriad problems the Air
Force is facing in getting more done with
much less.
Nevertheless, I was compelled to tell
the Secretary that we believe it imperative that the Air Force maintain--at
the very least--the current level of support to Civil Air Patrol.
In fact the corporate body feels that the
USAF support, both in terms of money
and personnel, has now reached the
irreducible minimum. To put it another
way, the governing body of Civil Air
Patrol has asked the question, "What
happens if Air Force support dries up
completely"? Will they expect Civil Air

| /

] ' C II V I L


"NL, T'II~I"I 7C~t


~r ~r ~r ,k USAF AUXILIARY * ~ ~ ~ *

N a t i o n a l C o m m a n d e r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Brig. Gen. Leslie J. Wectberg, USAF
N a t i o n a l B o a r d C h a i r m a n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Brig. Gen. William M. Patterson, CAP
D i r e c t o r o f I n f o r m a t i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lt. Col. Wm. Capers III, USAF
C h i e f o f I n t e r n a l I n f o r m a t i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Capt. J. H. Ragan, USAF
E d i t o r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SMSgt. Don |owes, USAF
A s s i s t a n t E d i t o r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . TSgt. Don Thwoatt, USAF
The Civil Air Patrol News is an official publication of Civil Air Patrol, a private benevolent corporation and auxiliary of the United States Air Force, published monthly at Headquarters CAP-USAF (OI),
B u i l d i n g 7 1 4 , M a x w e l l A i r F o r c e B a s e , A l a b a m a 3 6 11 2 .
Opinions expressed herein do not necessarily represent those of the Air Force or any of its
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The appearance of advertising in the publication with the exception of
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Patrol to go it alone? In this same context
and based on an affirmative answer to the
last question my associates then ask one
final and highly pertinent question.
"What will it cost D.O.D. and the taxpayers in real dollars to supplant the existing CAP search and rescue capability
with a professional and highly viable
search force, strategically dispersed
throughout the CONUS with fast aroundthe-clock response capability?"
This is a touchy question but one that
may ultimately have to be answered.
None of us have any feel for the
magnitude of the burden imposed but
there is strong evidence that the figures
could well be astronomical when compared with the $6.2 million in
appropriated funds currently being fur-t
nished by the Air Force in support of Civil
Air Patrol.
And what of our other two missions-Aerospace Education and the
Cadet Program? Certainly, there is no
way to affix a price tag on our efforts, all
over this country, to help foster the understanding and support that the Air
Force needs. We believe that adequate
aerospace power to defend the Free
World depends on that public understanding. My job--and the job of every Civil
Air Patrol member--is to know the facts
about aerospace power and to pass them
along to others who need to know them.
Our Cadet Program--in my
opinion--continues to offer the government a handsome dividend for each dollar
invested. We're proud of our 26,000 young
men and women in the Civil Air Patrol
Cadet Corps. We're producing the leaders
of tomorrow by providing a balanced
program of leadership, discipline and
aerospace studies today.
I reiterated that all of us in Civil Air
Patrol were not only aware--but sympathetic-to the problems of the Air
Force. At the same time, it must be understood that their cutbacks were imposing new hardships on the already difficult
conditions under which the Civil Air
Patrol volunteers now exist.
In closing, I assured the Secretary that
whatever the future holds; whatever new
obstacles are placed in our path;
whatever the cost in time, effort or personal sacrifice, there would always be a
Civil Air Patrol.



J A N U A R Y, 1 9 7 5

La. Mayor
Cites Unit
For Efforts

General Reilly Visit
Marks CAP 'First'
C U L P E P E R , Va . - - T h e . r e cent Virginia Search and Rescue
exercise at Culpeper's Airport
marked another "first" in the
annuals of Civil Air Patrol when
M a j . G e n . M . R . R e i l l y, U S A F,
commander of .Headquarters
Command visited the exercise
It was the first time a Headquarters Command commander
had visited a Civil Air Patrol
SAR exercise. Headquarters
Command is the parent unit of
Headquarters CAP-USAF.
Two-hundred and 40 seniors
and cadets were active at the
Culpeper location with another
25 participating at the mission
sub-base in Martinsville. They
utilized 36 aircraft and 25
vehicles at the two locations.
The pilots and observers flew
25 sorties in search of the
"target" -- a parachute and
electronic locator transmitter
(ELT) -- at the northeast end of
North Anna Lake, with all making a score.
During the practice search."
C o l . G a r o l d R . B e c k , U S A F,
Middle East Region liaision of:
ricer and testing officer for the
mission, witnessed ground in'terrogation teams looking for
clues, practicing their skills in
rock climbing, compass and map
reading and giving first aid and
evacuating those "injured."
The second day's activities
consisted of cadets receiving

orientation flights in corporate
and member owned aircraft
and cadets replacing the headquarters staff and running a mission similar to the one the day

Colo. Units
Kept ,Busy
DENVER, Colo. -- The
Colorado Wing recently found
themselves going in three
different directions when units
of the wing were involved in
three separate search and
rescue missions at the same
The first mission involved a
missing Beech Baron aircraft
which disappeared on a flight
from Gallup, N. Mex. to Sturgis,
S.D. The wing was joined by
New Mexico, Nebraska and
South Dakota in search for the
m i s s i n g a i r c r a f t . H o w e v e r, a
large winter storm, with snow,
fog and low ceilings prevailed
along the route of the flight and
no transmissions were received
from an emergency locator trans m i t t e r ( E LT ) .
Poor weather and flying conditions prevailed for the duration
of the search with negative
The second mission became
necessary when an Air Commander 516 was reported missing on a flight from Milford,
Utah to Grand Junction, Colo.
Utah and Colorado joined forces
for the search which was also
hampered by bad weather. This
search was also terminated with
negative results.
The other mission was for a
Cessna 182 overdue on a flight
f r o m P l a i n v i e w , Te x . , t o
Greeley, Colo. Ground units had
been dispatched to the southeast
quadrant of Colorado when word
was received that the aircraft
had been located. A farmer had
found the wreckage in a field and
both occupants of the aircraft
were d~ceased.

Tornado Damage

Practice SAR Mission
Uncovers Actual Signal
SUPERIOR, Wisc. -Members of the R.I. Bong Senior
Squadron were surprised recently when the crew of the first aircraft off on a practice emergency
locator transmitter (ELT) mission reporting picking up an actual ELT signal.
Shortly after the first flight
was launched, the crew reported
they were leaving the airport
area on a search route for the
hypothetical missing aircraft.
Several minutes later the aircraft returned and passed over
the airport, and reported that
they had a signal, but only in the
area of the airport. The person
responsible for the placement of
the practice ELT was contacted
and he reported that it was
definately not in the airport
The crew, consisting of CAP
Maj. Robert W. Mertz, pilot and
CAP 1st Lt. Glen O. Lavin,
observer, were then requested to
tune to 121.5 mhz. When this was
done they reported that the
signal "practically blew their
headsets off."

For the benefit of ali
members of Civil Air
Patrol, the latest statistics
of search and rescue
activities throughout the
organization are shown
T hese are unofficial
figures compiled by
Directorate of Operations
a t C A P N a t i o n a l
(As of Dec. 15, 1974)
Number of Missions
Number of Aircraft
Number of Sorties
Flying Hours
Mobile Radios
Fixed Radios
SAR Objectives Located 172

They landed their aircraft and
began taxiing around in an
attempt to pinpoint the location
of the signal. It was finally
located in an parked aircraft in a
hangar and shut down.
The original mission was continued with four more sorties being flown. All crews successfully
located the target.

t h e A c a d i a C o m m u m c a t ~ o r. s
Senmr Squadron during a reeen!
tornado didn't go unnoticed by
Joe Gielen. mayor of Crowlev.
In a letter to the Louisiana
Wing commander, Mayor Gielen
said, "the unit performed
magnificently in supporting our
emergency ... the entire
squadron plunged into our
emergency operation, utilizing
me, and equipment to maximum efficiency.
"We are indeed fortunate to
have this squadron of capable
anddedicated men close at hand.
I fear to think how we might
have fared without them."
The unit, commanded by CAP
Lt. Col. Leonard Hensgens, had
only two weeks before assisted
the local hospital to get their
certification by having a
simulated tornado test.
During the real thing, the unit
mobilized at the court house.
Their first project was to get the
CAP generator working and establish a complete radio communication unit with equipment.
The Lake Charles and
Layafette Composite Squadrons
were also alerted and they sent
in personnel and a generator.
After power and communications were established
the area wos surveyed which
showed that six blocks of the
residential area had been completely demolis'ned, and another
14 blocks had received 30 to 50
percent destruction. Two people
were killed and 70 had to be
treated for injuries.
Once again CAP came through
with properly trained people and

Heroic Deed Garners Medal
For Ohio's Lt. Col. R.E. Cost
MAXWELL AFB, Ala. -- A member of the Ohio Wing, CAP Lt. Col.
Ronald E. Cost, commander, Headquarters Group 19 was recently
awarded the CAP Bronze Medal of Valor for his heroic actions in risking his life to save that ~)f others.
Early last year, while serving as a police officer for the city of
Springfield, Ohio, Colonel Cost was dispatched to a house fire. Upon
finding the entire rear portion of the house engulfed in flames he forced the front door open and found a mother and daughter overcome by
smoke. He then successfully removed both victims from the burning
The fire department arrived shortly thereafter and Colonel Cost was
taken to the hospital for smoke inhalation. Inspite of his valiant efforts, the mother and daughter perished due to smoke inhalation.

Minn. Pilot Locates Hunter
GRAND RAPIDS, Minn. -- A pilot from the Grand Rapids Composite Squadron was instrumental in locating a lost hunter during a
search near Inky Lake, Minn.
The Civil Air Patrol unit received the call for assistance from the
local sheriff's office after Danny Anthony, 15 years 01d, of Apple
Valley, Minn., had been separated from his hunting party.
Elmo Crowe, pilot of the unit's aircraft, located the boy and
directed him to a nearby road where a sheriff's vehicle picked him up
find returned him to safety.

Flight Clinic Attracts Many
S I M U L AT E D V I C T I M - C a d e t T S g t . C a r o l B o w e r a c t s a s a
"victim" during the recent exericise held by the Sandpoint
C a d e t S q u a d r o n ( Wa s h i n g t o n W i n g ) . O b s e r v i n g t h e p r o p e r
placement of a "patient" on the stretcher is 2d Lt. Richard E.
C o t e , fi r s t a i d i n s t r u c t o r. E l e v e n m e m b e r s o f t h e u n i t p a r ticipated in the two-day exercise which also included survival
training, radio communications and "search and evade"

WEST DOVER, Vt. -- CAP's Vermont Wing recently held its first
flight clinic at the Morrisville-Stowe Airport and according to CAP officials there attendance was good and interest was high.
Seminars for observers, ground school and level one examinations
were administered. Pilots from various squadrons were flight checked
in aircraft which included the ,'Tail Dragger~".
A special course in basic and advanced weather was given by E.
Brewster Buxton, a meterologist.




Montana--Wyoming Units Conduct Training
CASPER, Wyo. -- The small town of Decker, Montana was the recent site where cadets from the Billings Composite Squadron (Montana Wing) and the Natrona County Cadet Squadron (Wyoming Wing)
held their first joint Search and Rescue Exercise.
Although the search objective was not located in this territory which
was unfamiliar to all those participating, senior members watched as
cadets took over the entire successful exercise.
From the beginning it was planned that cadets would act in the staff
positions necessary to conduct this simulated search. The 10 positions'
were split between the units with Billings having the mission coordinator's task.
Both Units, although having prior knowledge of the date and time,
simulated mission readiness in alerting personnel, gathering and
preparing in the early hours of the morning to set up their mission control facilities.
None of the cadets knew where the objective was located and could
not guess if the lead they were receiving from 'interrogators' and the
11 simulated aircraft were false or real. A time limit was established
for the search and as time expired, ground teams were approximately
five miles from the objective.
Leads received were for the most part false, planned to show that all
searches cannot be successful and that all leads must be followed up.
Fifty cadets and senior members participated in the exercise. Ten
cadets comprised the mission staff and the remainder were on ground
teams. Following the training an evaluation was given by the cadet
coordinator and by other staff officers.
Cadets serving in staff positions were; 1st. Lt. Cathy Hart, mission
coordinator; Sgt. Start Gardner, briefing officer; MSgr. Brian Patterson, safety officer; A1C Ruby Soderstrom, flight line officer; 1st Lt.
Terry Nilson, round operations officer; CB Steve Peek, air operations
officer and AIC Suzette Haas, administrative officer.
Cadet Commanders Lt. Cols. Mike Street and Sue Chlapowski both
served as advisors and observors for the mission.

PA P E R W O R K - - C a d e t
i'Suzette Hass finds the
i myriad of paperwork a
real task as she prepares
i forms necessary to conduct
a search exerc!se.
SET UP--Cadets prepare to set up their field operations in Decker, Montana during a recent two state-combined search exercise.

--Cadet 1st. Lt. Cathy Hart
plots search leads and
progress on status boards
outside the headquarters

Photos by:
Capt. Jerry Wellman,


CHOW TIME--Cadet AIC Randy Haglund prepares himself
a 'quick meal' before resuming his duties during the training

! ~[e] ~lll d l 141 ~ [o],'h dEe[ol ~ I "-] II t d 41,1 :t II :Cob d [o]~

..... I

lie] d[af-I "in b d ::1~ l,'l,~ll~,'9',..l ~ii d q [~ :_b d[~ ~o~ d | I !~ ~

S E N D - F O R , T H E I L AT E S T F R E E C ATA L O G 1


C @ N T I N E N TA L



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doctors offices, etc.)

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Wing Scores 'Max'
During Annual. Test
CHICAGO, IlL- CAP personnel from the Illinois Wing recently earned
the maximum number of points (350) given by an Air Force evaluation
team after they completed their annual test exercise with Civil Defense
State wide problems for the mission focused on simulated nuclear
and natural disasters. Pilots searched and located their targets which
consisted of Emergency Locator Transmitters (ELTs) and simulated land
marked sites.
The North Central Region provided the use of an electronic instrument for testing the CDV-781 Airborne Radiological Monitoring Kits
and Civil Defense provided radioactive sources.
Fifty-three aircraft flew 155 sorties for 120 hours on tasks that included transportation of medical supplies and personnel, damage
assessment, radiological monitoring, surface traffic ~urveillance and
~eHal photography.
Communications between the bases included the use ot 14 base, 25
mobile and I air mobile station. Mare than 280 seniar members, cadets
and Civil Defense personnel worked together on this successful
slolewide mtss~on.

k INJURED--Cadet Renee
Lewis receives simulated
First Aid treatment from
Cadets Hampton and

Scott LaBott wearing the
protective clothing as part
of the Illinois CAP Wing's
radiological decontamination team.

REMOVAL--Civil Defense
personnel William Darner
and son Mike remove an
'accident victim.'

Va td nberg AFB Hosts 240 For Encampment
VA N D E N B E R G A F B . C a l i f . A m i s s i l e
launch, orientation flights and tours were
among the many activities scheduled for 240
California Wing members when they were
recently hosted by Vandenberg AFB to conduct a Type A Encampment.
This was the second consecutive year for
California members to visit the huge Air
Force installation for such an event.
More than 200 cadets received an orientation flight in the base's C-118 aircraft with
another 60 receiving helicopter orientation
flights. Cadets who had never flown before
this encampment received flights in CAP aircraft at the nearby Santa Maria Airport.
Static displays of aircraft from other
military installations where held including
the Air Force's T-37 and T-38 jet trainers and
U.S. Coast Guard rescue helicopters.

Other flightline activities included tours of
the control tower, life support facilities and
fire fighting demonstrations.
While at the base, cadets witnessed a launch
of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Scout Vehicle which
placed the first cooperative U.S. and
Netherland Astronomical Satellite into orbit.
Cadets also toured Minuteman and Titan II
Missile launch control centers and assembly
As part of their drill and ceremony
training, a segment of the cadets participated
in a base retreat ceremony. On their final day
of the intensive eight-day encampment, all
flights participated in a drill competition and
parade ceremony.


Direct Communications From 'The Top'

The Communications
Center was a very busy
place during this encampment:

Briefing On T-38 by Williams AFB Pilot

JANUARY, 1975_



Van Provides "Link'
At Aircraft Crash

MAXWELL AFB, Ala. -- Civil Air Patrol was on hand recently to
assist in rescue efforts following the crash of a commercial airliner in
northern Virginia.
The plane, a Trans World Airline (TWA) 727 jet with 92 persons on
board, crashed, Dec. 1. on Weather Mountain near Upperville, Va.
None of the 92 persons survived.
According to information received here at Civil Air Patrol National
Headquarters. the Virginia State Police requested Civil Air Patrol
assistance in furnishing four-wheel drive vehicles and radio communications.
A motor home which is used by CAP's Virginia Wing as a radio communications van was driven to the crash scene Sunday afternoon.
Since the vehicle is heated, it was used as an on-scene headquarters by
the FBI. the FAA (Federal Aviation Administraion), TWA personnel,
and the Virginia Office of Emergency Services (civil defense). The
vehicle was manned by some half dozen Civil Air Patrol members. It
later had a telephone installed in it and the van supplied communications from the site for all the agencies involved.
The van was expected to remain on the scene until all official activity there ended.
At Leesburg, Va., site of the operations center used in the rescue effort, approximately 25 Civil Air Patrol members were put on standby
alert Sunday afternoon, along with four-wheel drive vehicles and
another communications van. They were not needed, however.

FIRST RECIPIENT--Cadet Sgt. Ballard F. Fore Jr., (center), from the Eglin Composite
Squadron (Florida Wing) was the first recipient of a $250 Flying Scholarship from the Eglin
Chapter, Air Force Association, Scholarship Foundation. Making the presentation is Maj.
Gen. Walter B. Putnam, USAF (Retired), president of the chapter and former CAP national
commander (right), and Air Force Lt. Col. Roger K. Parrish, leader of the Thunderbirds.
The scholarship money was raised through an annual Military/Industrial/Community Golf
Tournament sponsored by the AFA.

'Disaster' Tests Effectiveness
Of Emergency Equipment
Communications Van At Crash Site

Cadets Supl l Two Air Shows
NORTH LAS VEGAS, Nev. -- Cadets from the Clark County Composite Squadron were kept busy recently supporting an airshow and a
radio-controlled model airplane show and exhibition.
The cadets participated in various assignments including parking lot
and crowd control ......
In addition the cadets helped locate two of the models which met in
a mid-air collision.

BALTIMORE, Md. -- Disaster
services organizations, including
Civil Air Patrol, in a tri-county
area of Maryland were put into
service recently during a
simulated~ disaster at the
Baltimore-Washington ~ International Airport here.
More than 500 people, including nearly 50 Maryland Wing
personnel, participated in the
simulated aircraft disaster instructional exercise, nicknamed
The simulated disaster was
formulated over a six month

Several changes have been announced con- will be terminated by the spring of 1976 and
relocated to McClellan AFB, Calif. Four Air
cerning realignment of Air Force forces.
They include:
National Guard units in the United States
All Air Force strategic and tactical airlift will be equipped with RF-4C reconnaissance
aircraft from the active force.
resources will be consolidated under a single
manager--Military Airlift Command
Units to be moderized include: The 124th
Fighter Interceptor Group, Boise Air TerThe consolidation will include the transfer
minal, Idaho from the F-102 aircraft and will
of host responsibility for Pope AFB, N.C.,
be redesignated the 124th Tactical Reconand Little Rock AFB, Ark., from Tactical
naissance Group; the 148th Fighter
Air Command (TAC) to MAC. Associated
Interceptor Group, Duluth International
with the consolidation, three C-130
Airport, Minn., with F-101 aircraft and will
squadrons will be transferred from Langley
be redesignated the 148th Tactical ReconAFB, Va. One unit will- be reassigned to
naissance Group; the 152d Tactical ReconMcChord AFB, Wash., the second to Scott
naissance Group, Reno Municipal Airport,
AFB, Ill., and the third inactivated and its Nev., with RF-101 aircraft; and the 147th
assets redistributed with the Air Reserve
Fighter Interceptor Group, Ellington AFB,
All actions should be completed by the Tex., with F-101 and T-33 aircraft and will be
redesignated the 147th Tactical Reconspring of 1976. Plans are underway to
naissance Group. The Air Force will
absorb the functions previously performtransfer some KC-135 aircraft from the aced by the Air Force Communications Sertive force to the Air National Guard beginnvice-(AFCS) into MAC. It is part of the Air
ing in the summer of 1975.
Force effort to cut down and eliminate headquarters or other overhead functions and to
This move represents the first time
reallocate manpower to more critical misreserve forces will be assigned a strategic
offensive role in support of the Strategic Air
Command mission.
Richards-Gebaur AFB, Mo., AFCS headquarters, will become a MAC base and will
Units affected include Little Rock AFB,
continue to host the 442d Tactical Airlift
Ark., Bangor International Airport, Maine,
Wing (Air Force Reserve). All Air Force
Pease AFB, N.H., Rickenbacker AFB, Ohio
Reserve activities at Hamilton AFB, Calif.,
and Spokane International Airport, Wash.

period, and was designed to test
not only the effectiveness of the
ambulance and fire crews, but
also the capabilities of six area
hospitals and their staffs.
A primary purpose of SADIE
was to develop new techniques
and procedures to be used
following a major airliner crash
at not only BWIA, but also at
other major airports across the

United States. Approximately
100 people from other airports,
the state of Maryland and
federal agencies traveled to
Baltimore to view first-hand
some of the innovations used
during SADIE.
Upon initial alerting for the
d i s a s t e r, t h e A i r p o r t F i r e
Rescue Service at BWIA was
dispatched to the "crash" site.
They quickly evaluated the
situation and requested fire
supression equipment and ambulances. The first four ambulances to arrive were used to
perform ~triage, and began tagging the victims with red, yellow
or green tags. Red being the
SO. CHARLESTON, W. Va -most serious.
Cadets from the Charleston
The airport is the only one in
Cadet Squadron have revived the
the county that uses the tag
old saying, "The show must go
system according to Capt. R.E.
on", when the second day of the
Sagan, Airport Fire Rescue Serannual West Virginia Air Show
vice. The tags quickly identify
was in threat of cancellation due
those victims requiring imto rain.
mediate attention and transporOn that day, rain starting
tation to hospitals which helps
around 10:30 a.m. forced many
eliminate confusion and loss of
spectators either to shelter or to
home. The cadets, who up to this time.
Nearly 30 ambulances were
time were managing traffic now
utilized to transport the more
had to contend with a two-way
exodus throughout the deluged t h a n 2 0 0 " v i c t i m s " o f t h e
simulated 747 crash.
day. Communications between
CAP personnel acted as
cadets was maintained by a
network of walkie-talkies and a casualties and helped with airport security.
mobile unit with a single sideband radio.
The airshow, sponsored by the
local Lion's Club featured such
famous names as the Navy Blue
Angels precision flying team,
the Army Golden Knights
Parachutists, and included
various interesting static displays of Army, Navy, Air Force
and National Guard aircraft.
The cadets also found time in
the dry hours of the show to
maintain a recruiting stand for
senior and cadets members under the wing of a local Air
National Guard C-119 aircraft.

Rain Doesn't
Dampen Show

[II'AIIRIPOIRT Aiq, l.,,. Sek. e--* s.,.;~, I
] ' FAA Certificated Advenced Plilkt Sckeel II





by CAP Lt. Col. Holli Nelson
Information Officer, WinstonSalem Composite Squadron
"So you're from WinstonSalem...How come you get so
much coverage in the CAP
N E W S ? " We g o t a c e r t a i n
amount of kidding at the
National Convention one CAP
member even accused us of owning a share in the paper! We own
as much of the NEWS as every
other unit in CAP, and we use
our little hunk.
Winston-Salem's formula is
s i m p l i c i t y i t s e l f : We s e n d
stories and pictures to the
NEWS. That's ale
This formula" for getting into
the NEWS can be expanded to
five "Do" steps:
I . S E N D T H E S TO R I E S
NEWS (National Headquarters,
CAP/OIIN, Maxwell AFB, A1.
2. Cover anything newsworthy,
that is ANYTHING that happens.
3. Write it up. Include the
Where, When, What, Who, Why
and How.
4. Photograph it. (A word to
photographers: candids usually
don't do the job. Pose your pix--but have the subjects DOING
something and get faces! Shoot

more than one pic and more than
one pose, then submit all
technically good pictures.)
Winston-Salem's IO team writes
up and photographs all
happenings involving the
squadron. We then submit the
stories to the local weekly paper.
Just about all our releases go
thru the photocopying
machine--a copy goes to the
CAP NEWS, to the region and to
the wing papers.
QUANTITY--that's our aim.
The more Winston-Salem stuff
on the editor's desk at deadline,
the better chance of publication
in any paper hometown or CAP
NEWS. We also over-write and
over-photograph. The editor can
cut words and photos to fit his
space, he cannot add them.
Paragraph one tells the whole
story five W's and one H in
brief. Following paragraphs
may go into more detail. The
second-to-last paragraph names
the participants in the activity
and mentions their residences.
The last paragraph gives some
general CAP information. CAP
NEWS always cuts these
paragraphs, but the local papers
will often run them. Remember,
we write our stories for the local

Students Taught By Pilots
NASHVILLE, Tenn.--Members of the Marshall County Composite Squadron recently provided some "non-classroom"
aerospace education for a group of young men here.
CAP Capt. Charles M. Brown and Warrant Officer Lee
Barron, the squadron helicopter pilot, flew to the Nashville
Metropolitan Airport and met a sixth grade class of aerospace
education students from Caldwell Elementary School. The
special interest class is taught by Mrs. Janet Ashmore, who is
also a member of the Marshall unit.
The students and their parents were given a basic explanation of how a small aircraft operates by Captain Brown, while
WO Barren described the general makeup and flight theory of a
Captain Brown took the students for a short flight around
Nashville, while they observed the radio operations of a con-;
trolled airport. In addition, arrangments were made for the!
students and parents to visit the control tower. They were also
given an explanation of the radar and air traffic control
operations by Federal Aviation Administration officials.

Save A Life

cher kits are reusable and
land-search rescue team,
boater and those engaged in

Rust and corrosion-proof, these flares reach a height
of 500 feet and are visable for 15 miles at o luminous
strength of 20,000 candle power.
They weigh less than one ounce, and are no larger
than a cigarette (see illustration). Can be carried anywhere; pocket, navigation kit, map box, survival kit or
glove compartment.
Send for yours today!
Holly lynn Ct., R.D. 1, Hazleton, Po. 18201

# 200 Launcher with 2 Flares $6,70

[] quantity

250 Launcher with 6 Flares & Pouch $11.90 [] quantity
(Pennsylvania residents add 6% tax)
Enclosed: Check []
M,/O []
Amount $__

weekly newspaper~ CAP NEWS
just gets a copy.
QUALITY lies in the editor's
hands. He chooses the stories
and pix, cuts them to fit his
space, and lays them out. "Good
writing" from his point of view
meets two requirements: (1) It
is on his desk at deadline, and (2)
it contains all the factual information five W's and one H.
Let's look a moment at the
workings of a newspaper. Its
total space is budgeted--so
much to news, so much to
editorial, so much to advertising, and so much to features.
In the news category, CAP
NEWS has to divide its space
between headquarters items and
news stories from the field.
When the deadline comes, the
editor looks at all the items submitted. He picks what will
appear from the stories on his
desk with reader interest in
mind. But there's no way he can
run a story he has not received!
And the CAP NEW's receiving a
story is up to the IO at the unit
level. Write it, photograph it,
and ship it to NHQ, CAP/OIIN
CAP NEWS has printed 22 of
the 40 articles the squadron has
submitted. Only two of these
were written specifically for the
CAP NEWS, this item and the
No. 2 Squadron of Distinction
Story (Aug. 74.) All others were
written for, and most appeared
in, the Winston-Salem local
papers. Some of our stories
appear about as written a
couple of pictures, other are cut
from a page to a line or two, and
others come out as a pic and caption. but about 55% of our stuff
makes the CAP NEWS and that's
pretty close to the national
Would you believe that one
squadron IO who~naligned our
coverage has yet to send the
CAP NEWS one item?

Members Assist
|~cal Authorities

EASY DOES IT--A crane is used to load a T-34 aircraft onto a
barge for transfer from the U.S. Coast Guard Reserve Base in
St. Petersburg, Fla., to the Albert Whitted Airport, across the
Tampa Bay. The aircraft was transferred from the Coast
Guard to Florida's Group 17. (Photo by CAP 2d Lt. Wm.

Units Join Three i Civil Air Patrol wings recently
For A/C Search
joined forces to search for a missing PA-24 aircraft which was
enroute from Galesburg, Ill., to LaCrosse, Wisc.
The Minnesota Wing was involved with their annual SAR-CD test
during the actual search mission. Also participating in the extended
search were Wisconsin and Iowa CAP units.
The three wings flew a total of 217 sorties for more than 430 hours
during the search.

Md. Wing Holds F pmentCASCADE, Md. ~- Cadets from the Maryland Wing had a variety of
activities during their recent summer encampment at nearby Fort
Richie, ranging from a visit to a planetarium, rides in the Air National
Guard C-130 and an Army helicopter.
Cadets from all wing units flew in helicopters from Fort Meade,
which was followed by a visit to the Air National Guard Base in Martinsburg, W. Va., where they flew in a C-130 transport. They also
visited the Hagerstown, Md., Planetarium.

Flight Clinic Upgrades Pilots
RAND RAPIDS, Minn. -- Several members of the Grand Rapids
Composite Squadron, along with other squadrons in Minnesota's
Group I and II recently participated in a flight clinic.
The purpose of the clinic, conducted by Minnesota Wing personnel,
was to provide ground instruction and an evaluation flight to meet the
Federal Aviation Administration requirement for a biennial flight
review for all pilots before November 1.
TIt£ wNIrr.t s/& W['RE L.__

MORGANTOWN, W, Va. -The local Office of EmergencyService here recently called
upon members of the Morgantown Cadet Squadron for
assistance following a late night
automobile accident.
The accident knocked out a
section of a bridge near Morgantown leaving an exposed 85-foot
drop to the ground. CAP
members roped-off the
dangerous section and patrolled
the bridge throughout the night
advising those present of the




issue teem TO THe £OCAL N#ua~
mg.,H S~ PARr OF OUR ~ F"


~,,,'"% ~ . /t~l~
PROORAfll,I Irtllr.
IfflONTtt B£FORL:... ~ [





}P#OBlE~t [ILL


[~tlAtr R "~"~ f


TH~T',$ I



Please put me on your mailing list []

Contributed by Lt. Col. A. R. creighton, CAP, Michigan Wing




People In The News
SM John L. Loveridge of Group Ill (Ohio Wing)
recently attended the National Security Seminar
offered by the Industrial College of The Armed
Forces in Charlotte, N.C. Loveridge is now the
first senior member in the Ohio Wing to receive a
diploma from a National Security Seminar... A
pool party honoring two CAP members was
recently, held by the Mendocino Composite
Squadron 6 (California Wing). The party was in
honor of CAP Capt. Harold Curtis and Cadet
TSgt. Tim Moore who had completed their solo
flights... Six cadets from the Muscle Shoals
Composite Squadron (Alabama Wing) were recently flown to Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio to tour
the Air Force Museum. Members making the flight
and tour were Cadets Joe McKinney, Mark
Sockwell, Joey Oliver, Ronnie Carroll, Marty
Tays and Bob Johnson.
Cadets from the St. Matthews Composite
Squadron (Kentucky Wing) recently participated
in a two day search and rescue training exercise.
The unit made up a ground team which maintained radio communications with the base station.
Four members of the New Rochelle Squadron
(N,Y. Wing) Cadets James Forbes, Mark
Taraboletti, Fred Villani and Frank DiGesue are
now qualified to be Aerial Radiological Monitors.
The cadets completed their training last year by
taking a simulated aerial test using Civil Defense
monitoring equipment... Michigan Wing's
Thunder Bay Composite Squadron recently announced the appointment of CAP 2nd Lt. Eljay
Showers as their communications officer.
Although physically handicapped Showers has
been active in CB radio for several years.
The National Capital Wing's Cadet Advisory
Council recently heId a cadet leadership Symposium with the purpose of discussing leadership
problems. More than 30 cadets from eight
squadrons attended... Three U.S. Air Force
members of the 1st Strategic Aerospace Division
were recently presented CAP Certificates of
Appreciation by CAP Lt. Col. Arlene A. Hyer,
Group 11 commander (California Wing) The certificates were presented to Col. Richard M.
Snowden, MSgt. Donald W. Waddeli and TSgt. Ardith E. Hall in recognition of their outstanding
assistance during a Group 11 encampment held at
Vandenberg AFB, Calif... CAP 2nd Lt. Karla
Hessler recently served as commander of the
Tri-Cities Composite Squadron (Washington
Wing) Drill Team during a city parade in
Richland, Wash
CAP 1st. Lt. Nicholas T. Brignola, Jr., commander of the West Haven Cadet Squadron
(Connecticut Wing)recently received certification by the National Rifle Association as a rifle
and pistol instructor. Brignola heads the
squadron's Junior Rifle Club... SM Paul C.
Davis of the El Monte Composite Squadron 21
(California Wing) is presently attending the
Emery School of Aviation in Greeley, Colo., to
complete training for his commercial pilot's
Although confined to a wheel chair, CAP 1st.
Lt. John W. Lynch of the Townson Composite
Squadron (Maryland Wing) flies for CAP. The
former Air Force B-52 pilot was recently checked
out to fly the Piper Cherokee with the use of a
hand c_ontroU~l ~dder.., CAp 1st. Lt. Michael
Mooney of the North Coast Group 23 (California
Wing) recently served as project officer when his
unit hosted a two-day cadet emergency services

bivouac. Mooney planned the program which
more than 80 members attended
Four members of the Paine Field Squadron
(Washington Wing), Cadets Ken Hurley, Diana
Hurley, Jolene Hurley and Paul Warns, recently
provided the Color Guard for the Mariner High
School Americanism Assembly held recently...
CAP Col. Charles X. Suraci, commander,
National Capital Wing, recently presented a CAP
Certificate of Appreciation to Charles Coigan.
For the past two years Mr. Colgan has provided
tie downs for two of the Wing's aircraft and an
area located at Manassas Airport which is used as
mission headquarters in the event of an emergency.
A member of the Tahoe Truckee Composite
Squadron Cadet MSgr. Jeanne Nicholas recently
donned her solo wings... CAP Maj. Glenn
Knight, former Indiana Wing information officer
was recently awarded the coveted Gill Robb
Wilson Award. Knight recently transfered from
Indiana' and now serves as information officer for
Group 10 (Wisconsin Wing)... Cadet Phillip H.
Hall of the El Monte Composite Squadron 21
(California Wing) recently exchanged his CAP
uniform for that of the U.S. Air Force. Hall is
training to be an Avionics Specialist... Cadets of
the Eston Composite Squadron (Maryland Wing)
have embarked upon a 'Rocketry Program.' Ten
rockets were launched during a recent bivouac
and ground training exercise.
Cadet John D. Rockey, a senior at Raytown
South High School was recently notified that he is
to be featured in the Eight Annual Edition of
Who's Who Among American High School
Students. Rockey is a member of CAP's Kansas
City Composite Squadron 1 (Missouri Wing) and
holds the Mitchell and Earhart Awards... The
Color Guard of Green Valley Cadet Squadron
(West Virginia Wing) recently presented the
colors at the Green Valley-Glenwood Horse Show.
Members of the Color Guard were Cadets TSgt.
Sid Langford, Amn. Becky Waiters, Amn. Vickie
Perdue and A1C Sam Hawley.
CAP Capt. Pauline Woods, commander of the
Marshall Composite Squadron (Missouri Wing)
was recently awarded the Gill Robb Wilson
Award. She received the award for her conspicuously meritorious performaIice and exceptionally distinguished service in CAP... Cadet
Erica Zimmerman recently became the first
female to solo on her 16th birthday in CAP's
Greater Portland Squadron (Maine Wing). Erica
made her solo flight in a Cessna 150... A member
of the Salina Composite Squadron (Kansas Wing)
CAP Capt. Jeff Guernsey was recently filmed in
a fight scene for a forth coming movie titled
'King Kung Fu.'
A former cadet member of the E1 Monte Composite Squadron 21, David C. Ward is currently a
cadet candidate at the U.S. Air Force Academy
Prep School in Colorado Springs, Colo... Maj.
John W. Crouse Jr., USAF Reserve, was recently
assigned as Reserve Coordinator for CAP's
Rhode Island Wing. Crouse is an 18 year veteran
of the Reserves and is assigned to the Air Force
Reserve Personnel Center, Denver, Colo...
Cadets 2nd Lt. Mike Lucky and 2nd Lt. Steve
Rice of the Morgantown Cadet Squadron (West
Virginia Wing) recently traveled to Andrews
AFB, Maryland to participate in the Middle East
Region Orientation Course.

HAPPY REUNION--Col. Charles X. Suraci (right), National
Capital Wing commander, recently paid a visit on his former
commander, Gen. George S. Brown, USAF, Chairman, Joint
Chiefs of Staff, and presented him with a Civil Air Patrol plaque. General Brown was a wing commander at Williams AFB,
Ariz., when Colonel Suraci was stationed there with the Air

Wg' Conducts Annual Seminar
KAILUA,Hawaii -- The Hawaii Wing held its 26th annual Flying
Seminar at Dillingham Air Force Base recently with 27 cadets participating.
Among the 27 participants which included seven females, 21 went
for glider training while the remainder went for power training. Eighteen of the 21 glider cadets soloed and four out of the power group
Also, nine glider cadets took the FAA written examination seven
for their private pilot ticket and two for their commercial ticket.
Three of the cadets received their private pilot ticket for glider.
They were Ken Mumford, Leslie Yamashita and Walter Mensching.
Capt. Richard Lee received his certified Flight Instructors Certificate
for glider.
The encampment was conducted by the cadets of the Hawaii Wing.

Cadet Harting Earns Spaatz
CLEVELAND HEIGHTS, Ohio -- A former member of the Dover
Bay Cadet Squadron 407, Cadet Col. Harry L. Harting recently earned
the highest award in CAP's cadet program, the Gen. Carl A. Spaatz
Harting is the ninth member of the Ohio Wing to receive this award.
Fie is presently a member of CAP's National Capitol Wing and a
junior at Georgetown University majoring in international economics.

11 Solo During Encampment

LAKEHURST, N.J. -- Eleven cadets recently received their solo
wings during New Jersey's first cadet flying encampment.
Held at Millville Airport, the eight-day encampment included both
ground and flight schools. The ground school was conducted by Air
Force Reservists while CAP certified flight instructors provided the
flying instruction.


Choose Number of Unit~ Desired
1 Unit 2 Units 3 Units 4 Units 5 Units
Accidental Death $5,000 $10,000 $15,000 $20,000 $25,000
Dismemberment 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000
Medical Expense.
1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500
Annual Cost

MEMBERSHIP--Ralph "Shug" Jordan,
coach of one of the nation's
top football teams--Auburn
University--was made an
honorary m~mber of Aubarn's War Eagle Squadron
(Alabama Wing) in commemoration of CAP's 33d Anniversary. Presenting the certificate are Maj. Ray Plagge
(left), squadron commander
and Cadet Craig Calhoun,
c a d e t c o m m a n d e r. T h e
squadron also claims Aub u r n ' s t e a m m a s c o t , Wa r
Eagle IV, as its own mascot.


$10.00 $20.00 $30.00 $40.00 $50.00
40.00 60.00 80.00 100.00

I I-~reby Make Application For Civil Air Patrol Senior Member
Accident Insurance Under Hartford Accident & Indemnity Co.
Master Policy On File At National Headquarters Civil Air
Name ............................................ Date of Birth .....................
Address ......................................................................................
CAP Ser. No ........................ Pilot ............. Non-Pilot ................
Beneficiary ..............................................

Relation ....................

No. Units Applied For ........................... Premium $ ...................
I Certify I Am A Member Of The ............................ ing, CAP
Signed ............................................................ Date. ..................
Make Check Payable To Turner-Weaver-Wilson
P.O. Box 6010, Nashville, Tennessee 37212

November, 1~4
John B. Nelson ...... 0'2064
Michael R. Lehmann
Michael M. Beaehler . 0~O43
Jeff R. Hancock ........ 0~103
Edward A. McLuckie 0~103
Norman S. Sehwelzer
Jeremy Pearso[ ...... 08180
Kirk K. Steinhauser ...0~1~
William I Lang ...
William K. Davis.
Robert W Brown.
Judith A. Shntwell
Paul J Atelsek...
David R. Rodgers . .
Cheryl A. Boren
Charles J. Lauer
Paula D. Sibert
Susan J. Kelley
John M. Owens
Paul D. Romanik. . 29002
Albert J. Hoffman Jr '29090
Victorta Maxtme|ue
Steven R Sconfienza
To n y D . B a s s . . . . . 32051
Randall J DuFaull . .33005
Don J. Campbell ..... 33005
Richard L. Mook ..... 34051
David M Schuster ...... 34166
Edward C. Lewis .... 34167
J o h n W . B o y d . . . .35006
John L. Cauffiel ........35008
Roland W. Spencer .....37246
Jeffrey W. Lemay ...... 2010
Danita I. Davidson ..... 42010
Pamela I. Kantor . . .42110
William A. Sacco ......
Richard A Witt .......
W R. Stepbens Jr ...... 48055
Scott D Schraufnagel...48149
Roberto Marquez ....... 52086
Gerardo Torres ....... 52068
Harry Ramirez ......... 52068
Radames Mercado ...... 52086
Gerardo Lugo ......... 52086
Juan V Rodrtguez ..52094
Julin Santiago .......... 52094
Mark D. Sockwel] .... 01041
Thomas L. Funk .. 02045
Joseph E. Ehrhardt ...02050
Ward E Harbin ..... 020~
Henry. E. Decker ....... 03079
L e o R B a u e r . . . . . . . . 04092
Thomas D. Leeper ..... 04104
Lmda J. Cordes ........ 04184
Terence C. Marpert . ,04193
~n J. Adamieh ..... :04204
Wdliam J. Flannigan ...04204
Andrew J, Monk ........ 04287




M- ~.1 i ~t, ,: .- : ~':,JT..
~''r.~ B (o[tfe~ Jr 29O82
.:~ J hottrnan
t'e(er ~ Ludewtg
r~o~ r~gs Kosmetatos
lJ~', h ~x-,--:.
Susan Macaluso
I~onna M. Difeliee .... 31173
. .31201
Davtd A Lane .
06O58 Thomas M. Towey ....31317
F rar~ .- ~ ,,e.Jri
M~rlt ~ do,eman
07OO4 Ralph P. Gams.
*,re-i~,t~ t' ttaellele
Mark A. Hailer ...... 34037
Ste;~oeo ( SeJpp
Brad J. Barter ...... 34038
N*ck L Castrlnos
Stephanie A Raster ....34070
Dav,d J Tong
. .08043
Mark L Stephens ..... 34131
Mark D Peters ..
B , I I R L a c a s . . . . . .08066
Garn [l Davis .....
Kenneth C. Krisa .....35074
Geoffrey C. Jarvis ......
Mieheal J Dykstra ....36042
Ly l e B E S t e r n . . . . . . 08204
Richard E. Merck ..... 37021
Gary G. Sehrade
Cynthia A. Borkowski .37025
John T. Cusat~s .
Peter M. Kurdziel ..... 08227
James W. Gibson .... 39009
David M. Chizek ....... 09045
Robert W. Obosla Jr .... 09045
J o e K S a r t i n o . . . . 41054
Dean A. Etcher ....... 09075
Kim W. Ferguson .... 42026
D o n R . B l a i r . . . . . . . 10078
Keith V. Goodson ....... 421M
Edward M. Rernandez 42187
Steven J ttolmstrom . .11090
MiChael C. Jordan ..... 42167
Carlos Contreras ....... 11090
Mark R. Shutock ... 11173
D a v i d W. F r e e . . . . 43014
Karen A. Schultz ..... 44005
Patrieia S. Bevell ......11187
Gary L. Parsons .......45060
Robert J. Tyszka .......
Brian F. Lorge ........ 11189
Charles G Franke ...... 45095
Andrew C. Marehiando.. 11196
Brian J. Strattner ......
Donna M. Marlow ...... 11212
David S. Corbett ...... 45117
James M. Colombo . .11219
J e ff D . A r n o l d . . . . . . 45117
Wayne L. Kosty .......11228
Jeffrey S. Adler ........45117
R. T. Vanbreemen ..... 11226 Rande L. Lindner .....46003
Glen W. Hobbs ...... 12184 Kathy A. Elder .......46003
David J. Vaehon
Terry E. Bowen ..... 46002
Joseph J Burroff ....... 16005 William W. Bost .....¢8003
Donald L. Fink ......... 16007 Coral L. Manners ....... 46003
Charles M. Darlington ..18003
Russell A. Witt ......... 48018
B G. Schneider III .....18003 Glen L. Brandt ......... 48095
John C. Kayak ........ 18038 Alan A. Feingold .......
18039" John R. Keller ......... 48110
Jay C. Voighl ..........
David E. Borowy ..... 18044 Timothy M. Kirby ..... 8126
Paul M. Kirby ........ 18052 Kendal L. Nagel ....... 49009
Brien D. Ward ........18052 Lamont T. Edel ....... 51028
R. M. Henderson Jr ..... 18077 Bernarda Martir ....... 52045
Don M. Keyes .......... .9.110"20 Luis A. Laboy ......... 52045
Wade E. Connell .......20020 Vladimir Ojeda ........ 52045
Robert E Neelis ....... 20020 Juan J. Palacio ....... 52045
Russell J Sheibels ..... 20065 Jaime O. Ruiz ....... 52045
Earl J. Dettmer ........ 20068
Jose A. Ortiz ......... 2045
Tom J. Cannan ....... 20117
Jose R. Monscgun ..... 52045
Michael S. Sadowski .... 0117
Carlos M Rodriquez ....52045
Miehele L. Chirio ....... 20182
Edgar A. Torres . . .52045
Margery P. MacMurray .20228
Carmelo Torres ..... 52045
Douglas M. Rutherford..21017
I~enry Aviles ........... 52045

New Policy
In Clothing
MAXWELL AFB. Ala. -- The
clothing list for cadet special activities that was contained in the
"1975 Cadet Special Activities
Application and Selection"
brochure published in the October 1974 CAP NEWS has been
revised to reflect more realistic
requirements for shade
1549/1550 uniforms at some activities.
Uniform requirements for
Cadet Officer School (COS) and
the Communications Electronics
Course ICEC) remain as
originally published.
For the Air Force Academy
Survival Course (AFASC) and
the Air Training Command
Familiarization Course
I ATCFC) revised requirements
are for only one (1) shade
1549/1550 uniform, plus utility or
flight suit uniforms as originally
For allotherspecialactivities

except IACE. revised requirements are for one (1) shade
1549 skirt/trousers, and two (2)
blouses 'shirts. Travel uniforms
may be optional shade 1505 or
3304 pinstripe,
Requirements for IACE remain unchanged, with the IACE
blazer outfit, plus utility uniforms or flight suits (when
specified for particular
countries) being the only mandatory clothing items.


pRESENTATION--Cmdets Capt. Jonathan R. Bonds (right), and
MSgt. Michael R. Ryan of the Martinsburg (West Virginia)
Composite Squadron present "Hero Next Door"--a book on
"Civil Air Patrol--to Mrs. Anna Sherbridge, librarian at the
Martinsburg-Berkley County Public Library. The book,
authored by Frank Burnham, a member of the California Wing,
is a factual, up-to-date account of CAP. The book is on sale
through the Civil Air Patrol Bookstore at Maxwell (see ad

Cadet Roy Earns Top Award
NASHUA, N.H. Cadet Col. Donald Roy of the Wright Brothers
Composite Squadron (New Hampshire Wing) was recently presented
Civil Air Patrol's highest cadet achievement -- the Gen. Carl A. Spaatz
Award -- by New Hampshire Governor Meldrim Thomson.
Cadet Roy, who joined CAP in 1969, was the first recipient of the
award in New Hampshire. In addition to attending the Air Force
Academy Survival Course, Roy has attended flying encampments, has
served as ranger team commander, secretary and chairman of the
New Hampshire cadet advisory council and was commander of the unit's drill team in 1973 when it won the New Hampshire competition. He
has also received his private pilot's license.
Roy is currently attending the Air Force Academy in Colorado

ml in ii im im 1 mu Im l I 1 1 lll Ul I Imll


" T h e C A P tS ry L i k e
'' 1
N e Y e r B l l e n T old











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"The true story, historically accurate and
m tactful of little known exploits.. " FAA INTERCOM





m ~"






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"The Civil Air Po+rol over 'the years, heovy

I with anecdotes of heroism, service and the unI expected." FLYING MAGAZINE

I You can reserve your copy now by filling out

) I the order blank (left}, and sending if with your


~ml check or money order for$6.95+o The Booksfore,
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"A book with all the answers" ' " about the
I Civil Air Patrol... excellent reading." CROSS



one of









m + h e fi n e s t fl y i n g s t o r i e s p u b l i s h e d i n a l o n g t i m e . . . .=~==ii~iiii~,==:: ......
m . ,. a+ long last! ... +he whole fascinating story
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z n "The account is filled with dramatic rescues
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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I Maxwell AFB, Alabama 36112.






This Memorandum of Understanding provides for mutual cooperation
and establishment of policy relative to the development and issuance of
guidance on items of mutual concern to state and local civil defense
preparedness agencies and CAP wings and subordinate units.
1. DCPA is under the direction, authority and control of the Secretary of
Defense. Subordinate to the DCPA National Headquarters are eight
regional offices and the National Staff College.
2. The Director of DCPA coordinates with other Federal agencies and
with State and local governments to develop, execute, and administer civil
preparedness programs.
1. CAP is a nonprofit, volunteer civil corporation chartered by Congress
and established as an auxiliary of the U.S. Air Force (USAF). Organized
into 8 regions and 52 wings, CAP is provided advice and assistance by a
similar organization of CAP-USAF liaison offices. An Air Force General
Officer is designated as National Commander.
2. CAP members serve on a voluntary basis without compensation. On
missions authorized by the USAF, members are eligible for reimbursement
for fuel and lubricants and are covered under the Federal Employees
Compensation Act. Reimbursement on other missions is dependent upon
existing agreements.
1. DCPA Headquarters
a. Maintain close liaison and coordination with CAP Headquarters in
development of DCPA guidance for State and local governments which inform civil preparedness agencies of CAP's capability to support emergency
b. Coordinate and exchange information with CAP Headquarters in
matters of mutual interest, to include such matters as DoD excess and surplus aircraft.
2. CAP Headquarters
a. Maintain close liaison and coordination with DCPA Headquarters in
the development of emergency services guidance and procedures for CAP
wing and subordinate units to assure compatibility with civil prepardness
guidance and concepts for emergency disaster operations.
b. Coordinate and exchange information with DCPA Headquarters in
matters of mutual interest.
c . C o o r d i n a t e w i t h D C PA H e a d q u a r t e r s i n t h e d e v e l o p m e n t o f
CAP/civil preparedness training, and test and exercise requirements.
3. DCPA Staff College
a. Provide assistance to CAP Headquarters in those areas of civil
preparedness training having mutual benefits.
b. Exchange. training information with CAP Headquarters.
4. DCPA Regional Offices
a. Provide program guidance to the States in the areas of planning,
testing and exercising, and emergency operations as related to CAP support.
b. Provide on request of the CAP Regional Liaison Officer assistance in
planning, coordination, and administration of civil preparedness tests and
exercises for the CAP wings.
c. Assist in the coordination and training of CAP personnel to perform
civil preparedness functions.
5. CAP Regional Offices
a. Provide to DCPA Regional Offices, CAP Regional support capability
b. Designate a CAP member as Liaison Officer to work with the respective DCPA Region in test and exercise planning, and in civil preparedness
training of CAP personnel.
c. Provide for the coordination of CAP personnel and resources in interstate civil preparedness emergency operations.
1. The Director, Defense Civil Preparedness Agency, and the National
C o m m a n d e r, C i v i l A i r P a t r o l , w o r k i n g t h r o u g h t h e i r r e s p e c t i v e
organizations, mutually agree to encourage State and local governments
(in cooperation with State and Regional Disaster airlift (SARDA) officials)
a. Develop effective State civil preparedness/CAP wings, and local civil
preparedness/CAP unit agreements, which provide for the conditions and

types of CAP support available to the civil preparedness agencies during
b. Include in the agreements provisions for CAP support for search and
rescue, radiological monitoring, transportation, communications, reconnaissance and damage assessment, and other support capabilities as
c. Include in the SARDA Plans, in accordance with Federal Aviation
Administration guidance, those support missions to be performed by CAP
and detailed information concerning the coordination, control and execution of these missions.
d. Provide for CAP representation in State and local EOC's during
tests, exercises, and emergencies.
e. Provide space in each EOC communications area for installation of
CAP radio equipment.
f. Provide "training to CAP personnel to enable accomplishment of civil
preparedness assignments.
g. Formulate procedures for requesting support missions and alerting
and controlling CAP units.
h. Formulate conditions and procedures under which the State and
local civil preparedness agencies will provide reimbursement and other
benefits to CAP while assisting in emergency operations.
i. Prescribe the availability of civil preparedness equipment for CAP
units assigned emergency support missions.
j. Develop an annex to State and local emergency operations plan
providing for CAP participation.
k. Provide assistance and participation by CAP in the On-Site
Assistance process to increase the emergency operating capabilities of
local governments, when requested.
I. Provide for joint planning of State and local tests and exercises by
civil preparedness agencies, CAP units, and other appropriate State and
local agencies.
m. Provide for active participation by CAP in the SARDA
n. Provide for other assignments within the interest and capability of
CAP units.

~ ~DiA V Ir S ~ ~ - ~
Defense Civil Preparedness Agenc~

Chairman, National Board
Ci vil Ai r Patrol










I . C A D E T S P E C I A L A C T I V I T I E S - E S C O R T A P P L I C AT I O N ~ . I n o r d e r t o p r o v i d e a m p l e t l m ~ f o r p r o cessing Cadet Speclal Activities escort applications at all levels of command, suspense dates
for required actions at the various echelons are revised as follows (these dates will appear
in the forthcomlnE revls:on of CAPM 50-16, to be publlshed in January 1975):



Natlonal Commander invites certain selected senior members to apply for
I A C E e s c o r t d u t y.

No Later Than
31 January


Invited applicants forward IACE escort applications direct to National

No Later Than
1 January

All other appllcants submit appllcatlons to commander of unit of assign-ment (Sq, Wg, Rsn).

No Later Than
15 January

Appropriate commander attaches CAPlr 45 to application and forwards to
next higher headquarters (WE, Rgn, or National).

No Later Than
31 January

Wing or region commander forwards application to national Hqs.

No Later Than
15 February

National Headquarters submits list of IACE applicants and copy of all
I A C E a p p l t c a t t o ~ t o r g n / w g c o ~ m ~ d e r.

No Later Than
15 March

Wlng and region cozBanders forward recon~endatlons to National Hqs.

No Later Than
31 March

National Commumders Selection Board convenes.

No Later Than
15 April

National Headquarters notifies wlng and region commanders & selectees.



Please note that all applications must reach National Headquarters postmarked not later than
3 1 J a n u a r y i n o r d e r f o r t h e s e l e c t i o n p r o c e s s t o p r o c e e d i n a t i m e l y m a n n e r.


By 28 February 1975

Individual appllcatlons must be submitted to respective wine head-


,iii i iiiii

quarters. CAP Form 17, Application for Senior Member Activities, dated
January 1974, must be used for Natlonal Staff College application.
By 25 March 1975

By 18 April 1975

By 2 May 1975


Wing commanders' review and recommendation for selection completed.
Respective wing applications forwarded as a "package" to region headquarters this date.


Region commanders' evaluatlon of respective wing applications completed.
Each appllcatlon assigned a region selectlon number and all appllcatlons forwarded as a group to National Headquarters/DOT this date.
S e l e c t e e s a n d a l t e r n a t e s e l e c t e e s n o t i fi e d b y N a t i o n a l H e a d q u a r t e r s / D O T.

3 . T H E L I V E LY C O ~ . A N D E R ( T L C ) A U D I O V I S U A L AT N . A s s t a t e d I n t h e C h a i r m a n ' s c o l u m n o f t h e
December 1974 CAP NEWS, distribution of one copy of the TLC "kit" has been made to each region
a n d w i n g . T h e k l t c o n s i s t s o f 5 4 c o l o r, 3 5 m m s l l d e s , a c c o m p a n y l n g a u d l o t a p e , a n d a w r i t t e n
narrative. It is available for individual or unlt purchase from the CAP Bookstore at a price
of $9.50 per klt.
4. ~QUADRON COMMANDER'S GUIDE - 1975 EDITIOn;. The 1975 edition of the Squadron Commander's
G u i d e , C A P P 5 1 , i s b e i n g d i s t r i b u t e d t o C A P u n i t s a n d l i a i s o n o f fi c e s . F u r t h e r, t h e n e w e d l - _
t l o n , w i t h o r w i t h o u t t h e p l a s t i c o u t e r c o v e r, i s a v a i l a b l e f o r u n l t o r i n d i v i d u a l p u r c h a s e
from the CAP Bookstore. Prices are as follows:
Complete pamphlet

- $I.00 each

Plastic outer cover only - $ .50 each
Contents only

- $ .50 each


i!ii i iii.






The Civil Air Patrol BULLETIN is published bimonthly (Jan., Mar., May, July, Sep., and Nov.). It contains
official announcements, interim changes to CAP publications, and other items of interest for all CAP members.


[111[1[ I
[iiii [[[ [I[[ [] [[ [l
Bulletin Cont'd Q
; C I A P P L I C AT I O N S . P a r a g r a p h 5 , I t e m 2 , C A P R 5 0 - 1 , E x t e n s i o n C o u r s e I n s t i t u t e ( E C I ) , d a t e d
ober 1974, specifies the use of the individual's Social Security Account Number (SSAN) when
ing for ECI courses in ECI Form 23. The rationale for this r@qulrement is that the SSAN is
n e n t a n d i s n o t d u p l i c a t i v e o f a n y o t h e r n u m b e r. A n y C i v i l A i r P a t r o l m e m b e r a p p l y i n g f o r
:I course should use his SSAN. Individuals who have not made application for a SSAN should
In order to preclude delay in receipt of Eel courses, CAP members may submit ECI applin u t i l i z i n g t h e i r C A P I d e n t i fi c a t i o n N u m b e r. I n c a s e s w h e r e t h e C A P I D n u m b e r c o n t a i n s
than the 9 digits required to complete the SSANblock (item 2, Eel Form 23) the CAP ID hum'
hould be preceded by sufficient zeros so as to complete the block, i. e., CAP ID number is
6, item 2, Form 23would read: 000345666.
; C I T E S T C O N T R O L O F F I C E S . L i s t e d b e l o w a r e t h e Z i p C o d e / S h r e d s o f E C I Te s t C o n t r o l O f fi c e s
:ach Civil Air Patrol Wing. Applicants for ECI courses must enter their respective WAng
~de/Shred in Item 8, ECI Form 23, ECI Enrollment Application.
8 5 7 11 - 5
0 6 11 4 - 5

Nat Cap

5 5 111 - 5
8 7 11 7 - 7
11 5 3 0 - 5






The GroverLoenlng Aerospace Award is presented
individuals in recognition of their active partici-

pation in Level III of the Senior Member Training
Program. Consideration of the four requisites for

7 3 11 0 - 5
8 4 11 3 - 8

inge CAPR 50-1 to reflect as above.

this award will reflect emphasis upon the word
"active", since in addition to completion of selected
readings in leadership and management attention is
centered on attendance at various training activities.
Attendance at the National Staff College is the one
specified activlty that must be completed. This weeklong intensified program of lectures, seminars, guest
speakers, and social activities is conducted annually
a t M a x w e l l A F B , A l a b a m a . To p i c s c o v e r e d i n c l u d e t h e
art of communication, leadership, management and CAP
related problem solving.
Another important means for career broadening is
available to active members at wing, region, or
national conferences Participation in seminars,

committee membership and the general order of business


in general meetings is reflective of the concerned
active senior member. Accordingly, attendance at four

CHANGE IN CHARTER FEES. Effective 1 January 1975, the charter fee for new CAP units is

such conferences is a requirement for Level III completion. Attendance at oneother nationally approved

C R A N G E I N P R O M O T I O N C R I T E R I A . E f f e c t i v e i m m e d i a t e l y, m e m b e r s e l i g i b l e f o r p r o m o t i o n u n d e r
mission-related skills method (Section D, CAPE 35-5, CAP Officer Appointments and Prumom) will no longer be required to satisfy time-in-grade requirements. Co--,-nders are still
~ c t e d t o i n s u r e t h a t m e m b e r s r e c o m m e n d e d f o r p r o m o t l o n u n d e r t h i s m e t h o d , h o w e v e r, a r e c o n mtlng their special skill to the CAP mission. A change to CAPE 35-5 will be forthcoming.

course is the final criterion for Level III completion
and award of the Grover Loening Aerospace Award.
Nationally approved or nationally recognized courses
of training include: the National Search and Rescue
School. ARES CAP Mission Coordination Course, participation in a~nual SAR or CD evaluation, flight

clinics approved by National Headquarters/DOO,
National Security seminars, Weapons Employment Course

I D E N T I F I C AT I O N O F R E T I R E D M E M B E R S . F u t u r e m e m b e r s h i p c a r d s f o r r e t i r e d m e m b e r s w i l l b e

, ~ a t e d t o r e fl e c t t h e l e t t e r " E " i - - - e d l a t e l y f o l l o w i n g t h e C A P s e r i a l n u m b e r.

of Allied Officers, IACE Escort, and the recently im-

S P E C I A L O R D E R - U N I F O R M A P PA R E L . A l l C A P m e m b e r s s h o u l d b e a w a r e t h a t r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r
s i z e d o r o u t - o f - s t o c k a p p a r e l f r o m A P C l o t h i n g S a l e s S t o r e s m a y b e p l a c e d o n s p e c i a l o r d e r.
request will be honored by Clothing Store personnel. In addition, CAP members are per:ed to exchange items previously purchased through the Clothing Store for like items, pro~d that items are returned new within 30 days from date of purchase.

plemented regionally conducted Instructor Training
Seminar. Some other regionallyconducted activities,
such as the Northeast Region Communications School,


also qualify as meeting this requirement. Qualified
applicants should complete CAP Form 24, Application

ACQUISITION OF VEHICLES. Wing Commanders must insure that acquisition of vehicles from
excess does not include fire fighting trucks, refueling tankers, and motor boats. UnauthorJ a c q u i s i t i o n o f D O D v e h i c l e s w i l l r e s u l t i n s u s p e n s i o n f r o m r e c e i v i n g D O D e x c e s s p r o p e r t y.

mit through their respective unit and wing commander


Grover Loenlng Aerospace Award Certificate and ribbon
will be forwarded to the applicant's wing commander

for Senior Program Awards, dated July 1974, and subt o N a t i o n a l H e a d q u a r t e r s / D O T. W h e n a p p r o v e d , t h e

U N I T P U B L I C AT I O N . P u r s u a n t t o C A P M 1 9 0 - I , e a c h u n i t " i s r e q u i r e d t o f o r w a r d a c o p y o f a
: publlcatlon to HQ CAP-USAF/OII each time it is produced. A publlcatlon on file with
~onal Headquarters is worth points to the unit's wing in the National Co~mnander~s EvaluaI. Some unit publications received do not clearly indicate the wing to which the unit be; s . To a s s u r e e a c h w i n g o f r e c e i ¥ i n g m a x i m u m c r e d i t f o r u n i t p u b l i c a t i o n s i n t h e N C E i t
.d help if the unit would include the name of the parent wlng prominently on the masthead
:he publication.
T H E N AT I O N A L C 0 ~ 4 M A N D E R

for presentation.


, Lt Col, USAF
.~ctor of Administratio-







Due to several
operating inadv
FA A h a s i s s u e d
1 October 1974:

Effective 1 January 1975, +all tests administered to
Civil Air Patrol cadets in Phases I and II became openbook tests. The tests affected by thl8 change are-

~ ,+~ ~

~R ~ ~;~ i ~
~ %

i . L e a d e r s h i p L a b o r a t o r y A c h l e v e m e n t Te s t s ( C A P
Form 16) for Achievements 1-7.


" ~

;~P ~I

~rm ou] zor Achievements 2-7.
3 . A e r o s p a c e E d u c a t i o n Te s t ( C o d e 1 5 ) , t h e A e r o space Education test for the Mitchell Award.



v, a r e n o t a f f e c t e d b y t h i s c h a n g e a n d w i l l r e m a i n





1 . L e a d e r s h i p L a b o r a t o r y A c h i e v e m e n t Te s t s ( C A P
Form 16) for Achievements 8-15.


AS ares
Emergency Locate
Jamming the ~er

1 . E LT '
s h o w n o n E LT I d ~

No. O03A, dated






2 . S t a f f D u t y A n a l y s i s Te s t s ( C A P F o r m 1 8 ) f o r
Achievements 8-15.
3 . . L e a d e r s h i p Te s t ( C o d e 1 6 ) , t h e L e a d e r s h i p Te s t f o r t h e E a r h a r t A w a r d .
S p a a t z

to all Lelgh 5y~
with Lithium Ba~

2. Cond~
ante with photo :


closed book.

4 .


~ .

Te s t i n E C o n t r o l :

Engineering and
3 . I f ~
transm/ts properl
utes of any hour


or Fllght Service
Advisory Circular

4. If co
replace with an
ante wi~h paragr~
the next flight
w i t h FA R 9 1 . 5 2 ( e ) ~

The testing changes outlined above do not affect the control of cadet tests. All cadet tests,
except the Spaatz Exemination, are loca~y controlled and the unit testing Officer must exercise maximum security with all test items under his control.
Te s t i n g P r o c e d u r e s :
The following procedures will be followed for ad~tnisterins open-book tests.
1 . L e a d e r s h i p L a b o r a t o r y A c h i e v e m e n t Te s t s ( C A P F o r m 1 6 ) a n d A e r o s p a c e E d u c a t i o n A c h e i v e Te s t s ( C A P F o r m 8 0 ) .
a . T h e c a d e t s a r e a l l o w e d t o b r i n E e i t h e r t h e L e a d e r s h i p L a b o r a t o r y M a n u a l o f Yo u r
Aerospace World test to the exemination room for reference during the test.


b. The-passin8 score for these tests 18 100~.
(1) The cadets must score lO0g on the test using their reference books to look up
any necessary answers.
(2) If a cadet scores less than IOOZ, the testing officer should check off the
appropriate block on the cadet's achievement contract.
c. There is no officially established time limit on these tests. However, the unit
testing officer should establish a reasonable maximum time sufficient to allow all cadets to
pass the test using their reference books.
2 . A e r o s p a c e E d u c a t i o n Te s t ( C o d e 1 5 ) .
a . T h e c a d e t s a r e p e r m i t t e d t o u s e t h e i r a e r o s p a c e e d u c a t i o n t e x t ( Yo u r A e r o s p a c e
World) as a reference during the test.
b. The passln8 score on thl8 test is 85~ corrected to I00~.
(1) If a cadet scores less than 85~, the testing officer should discuss the questions missed and schedule a date for the cadet to be retested. There 18 no llmlt to the number
of times a cadet may take the test.
(2) When a cadet passes the test (85~ or higher), the testing officer should return the answer sheet with the incorrect answers marked and notify the cadet to return ~o his
seat and correct the questions missed. The testing officer should NOT tell the cadet the corr e c t a n s w e r, t h e c a d e t s h o u l d r e f e r t o h i s t e x t t o d e t e r m i n e w h i c h a n s - - - - w e r i s c o r r e c t .
(3) When a cadet has passed the exam and correctly answered those questions missed
the testing officer should enter the orlglnal passing score ~n the appropriate block on the
cadet's Achievement Contract #7.
c. The established time limi~ for this test is 90 minutes for taking the test plus the
t i m e r e q u i r e d t o c o r r e c t t h e a n s w e r s t o a n y q u e s t l o n % a n s w e r e d i n c o r r e c t l y. H o w e v e r, t h i s m u s t
take place during the same meeting. No cadets should be allowed to take the test and/or answer
sheets home for correcting.
3. Following completlon of all tests, regardless of whether the cadet passed or failed,
the answer sheets should be destroyed (preferably by burnln8).

The Cessr
butes many fl)

accidents. Ma
landing. In a
National Headq~
spection of ~h,
brakes are not
Through your ef
been identified
steerlng spelng~
been repalred;
Th~s one-tlme i~
to keep the item
With your help C
to accomplish ou:

~ t s o f t h e L e l g h S y s t e m s S h a r c 7 E LT f a i l l n g t o o p e r a t e . . . . . .
lily because of corroded parts vrlthin the transmitter, the
"ollowlng airworthiness directive which was effective
ocator transmitters Lelgh Systems Sharc 7 Series. Applies
Sharc 7 Series Emergency Locator Transmitters equipped
required as indicated:
of chemical corrosion resulting in either failure of the
a n s m l t t e r ( E LT ) t o o p e r a t e o r i n a d v e r t e n t a c t l v a t l o n ,
Y frequencies of 121.5 MHz and 243.0 MHz accomplish the
llpped with Lithltm, Batteries may be determined by weight
tcatlon tag as 1.5 pounds.

visual inspection for evidence of corrosion in accord ili!!~i~i~


,duction which is part of Leigh System's Service Bulletin i!!i:-'iii
5, 1974, or equivalent inspections approved by Chief,
" ....

aoturlng .ranch. F~ ~stern .eglon



E LT t r a n s m i s s i o n s a r e a u t h o r i z e d i n t h e fi r s t fi v e m i n t o t h e r t i m e s i f c o o r d i n a t e d w i t h t h e n e a r e s t F A A To w e r

AT T E N T I O N C A D E T S !

35A or 20-81).


L o n i s f o u n d o r i f t h e E LT d o e s n o t t r a n s m i t p r o p e r l y,
i i i i i ! i i,:::::::::',
,ed serviceable unit which has been inspected in accord-i!i!iiiii
or replace with another TSO approved unit, prior to
: that a ferry fllght may be conducted in accordance

knew albeit



Civil Air Patrol annually awards scholarships and grants
worth approximately $40,000 to qualified cadets and members.



They are mostly four-year undergraduate cadet scholarships
a m o u n t i n g t o $ 5 0 0 , $ 7 ' 5 0 , o r $ 1 0 0 0 y e a r l y. I n a d d i t i o n , t h e

............ !iiii!iii!

graduate-S500; two graduate-S1500; and five technicaL/vocatlonal-$500.


Yo u r s q u a d r o n h a s C A P P a m p h l e t 2 0 g i v i n g d e t a i l s a b o u t
h o w t o q u a l i f y a n d a p p l y. F I N D O U T I F Y O U Q U A L I F Y,



)5 (known as the L-19, Birddog or o
fhO~s to the CAp total T~ .'

ther an~ee~ -


~ ~rounded all C-~'," a~d Provide. s~;~ o~ ~a~e-off or

:tlon is Only as good Pair=/adjustment have~l~emblies have
~uper repair - - ~o c.e inspection _ ~en corrected.

"maintain a ~l~P°.~Ic c~ec~s ~ust ~/~r~orm~d ~hen,

Q U A L I F Y,







De yeu knew ~--'-~~"-,~

The U.S. Air Force Reserve Officers Training Corps
(AFROTC) offers four-year college scholarships to pilot-and

for~e~o~°"nd fool* ~s"asf hsdnmore t~a~ ~es/ contrl- i g a t o r - q u a l i fi e d
_ _
~ ~uro this t~-~ ~o s o CO ~,
~ Snare of
w h e e l a n d b r. L _
s in November .~_~ aircraft,
"atlng pro-e-- ""~ assemblies. I~_ ~-uzng a one-t
S in the ~:r~yt a real DOte .... ;-':" one tail Wh~^- ime incorrect--; .... and time well"_~_°" ror an accidenT=*_°r
.^ ~
~u. Aircraf~ -- ~pent, dlscr-. =~aSts.


following one-year grants are offered: Four advanced under-


cadets. The scholarships provide: FULL

TA X F R E E ; a n d F R E E F LY I N G L E S S O N S A F R O T C h a ~ o t h e r
scholarships available for which other cadets (including
women) are eligible if they are alreadyin the ROTC program.
For more information, see Section E, CAP Pamphlet 20;
consult your guidance counselor, or write to: Air Force
ROTC Office of Information, Maxwell Air Force Base,
A l a b a m a 3 6 11 2 .

-~ ~* good, well ke~= accomplished.
~, Saze aircraft

De yeu knew aknui



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:..:.:.:.'.:.:.:.:..-...:.:.:.:.-.: ...... :.:.-..';:;'::;:.:.:.:.:.'.

- ~ . - ~





P ~ / " I f ~ ~
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[~iiii~ii!i~iiiiiiiiiii~iiii!ii~iiii i iiiiiiiii iiiiiii!iiii!! ii

The American Legion publishes a booklet entitled NEED
LIFT? It is crammed with information about educationaA
opportunities, career loans, scholarships, and employment.
To o b t a i n a c o p y o f t h i s e x c e l l e n t g u i d e , s e n d . 5 0 9 t o :

T h e

A m e r i c a n

L e g i o n

Department S
P, O . B o x I 0 5 5
Indianapolis, Indiana 46206

li~i!i!iiiiiii::iii::iiiiii::iiiiii!~i~ii!i!~iii i::i::ii!iiiii
15!iiiiiii~iii i !ii i ! ~ ii! ! i i::i:ii!i!iii!SiiSiiiii! i iii!!~iii
i:i:i:i:i:i:i:: : :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: :!:i:i::: :: :i:
:~: :iii i i~i i iiii i~iii:::!:!:i:i:!:iii !! i i iS i!


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....................... i'l'rl'l ..... l" r I I I I'l'l'l'l'l'l'l'l'l'l ......T ] I I 1 1 1 i I I ' l ' l ' l ' I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .