File #1535: "GAWG - 2016 History.pdf"

GAWG - 2016 History.pdf

PDF Text


Civil Air Patrol
Auxiliary of the United States Air Force

1 JANUARY 2016 – 31 DECEMBER 2016


Civil Air Patrol
Auxiliary of the United States Air Force
1 January 2016 – 31 December 2016

Prepared by
Lt Col David Brown, CAP
Wing Historian

Reviewed by
Col Andrea Van Buren, CAP
Georgia Wing Commander





Figure 1. Location of Georgia Wing units.

This history of the Georgia Wing of the Civil Air
Patrol (CAP) covers the period 1 January 2016
through 31 December 2016. Throughout CY 2016,
Georgia Wing members continued a long tradition
of training and service to the citizens of Georgia.
David Brown
Lt Col CAP
Georgia Wing Historian


Georgia Wing Squadrons – 2016
NOTE: Groups are color coded on the frontispiece map
with squadron locations represented by matching colored
location indicators in the order they are presented below
their respective groups. Group I is gold, Group II is blue,
Group III is orange, Group IV is purple, Group V is red,
and Group VI is green. For example, The orange indicator
with a "1" on the map represents the location of Albany
Composite Squadron, which is the first squadron listed
under "orange" Group III, and the purple "2" indicates
Group IV's second listed squadron, which is Brunswick
Senior Squadron. This is part of a new method of
subordinate unit mapping management instituted by the
Georgia Wing Command Staff as part of the Group
Realignment plan effective this year of 2015.

GA-001 - Georgia Wing Headquarters
GA-118 – Northwest Atlanta Group 1 Headquarters
GA-003 Atlanta Senior Squadron I
GA-045 Sandy Springs Cadet Squadron
GA-065 DeKalb County Cadet Squadron
GA-090 Cobb County Composite Squadron
GA-129 Bartow-Etowah Composite Squadron
GA-130 Peachtree-DeKalb Senior Squadron
GA-454 Marietta Air Museum Cadet Squadron
GA-119 – Northeast Atlanta Group II Headquarters
GA-112 Gwinnett Composite Squadron


GA-142 Walton County Composite Squadron
GA-156 Barrow-Jackson Composite Squadron
GA-157 Newton County Composite Squadron
GA-452 Clarke County Composite Squadron
GA-815 Rockdale County Cadet Squadron
GA-121 – Central Georgia Group III Headquarters
GA-002 Albany Composite Squadron
GA-014 Griffin Composite Squadron
GA-033 Middle Georgia Senior Squadron
GA-808 Central Fellowship Christian Academy Cadet
GA-813 Creekside Christian Academy Cadet Squadron
GA-122 – Southeast Georgia Group IV Headquarters
GA-069 Augusta Composite Squadron
GA-072 Brunswick Senior Squadron
GA-075 Savannah Composite Squadron
GA-143 Douglas Cadet Squadron
GA-451 Statesboro Composite Squadron
GA-453 Effingham Cadet Squadron


GA-123 North Georgia Group V Headquarters
GA-152 North Georgia Composite Squadron
GA-160 Gainesville Composite Squadron
GA-447 Dahlonega Senior Squadron
GA-506 Currahee Composite Squadron
GA-507 Ellijay Composite Squadron
GA-124 West Georgia Group VI Headquarters
GA-098 Columbus Composite Squadron
GA-109 Fulton County Composite Squadron
GA-116 Peachtree City-Falcon Field Composite Squadron
GA-153 West Georgia Composite Squadron
GA-154 Sweetwater Composite Squadron


Title Page
Georgia Wing Units – 2016
Table of Contents
List of illustrations
Executive Summary

































Figure and Page
Figure 1. Location of Georgia Wing units..................................................................................................... iii
Figure 2. Astronaut Eric Boe in orbit aboard the ISS with one of his old Georgia Wing patches. ................ 6
Figure 3. Participants and staff from the 14-15 May Corporate Learning Course........................................ 8
Figure 5. Colonel Richard Greenwood ........................................................................................................ 11
Figure 6. GAWG Encampment 2016 Group Photo...................................................................................... 15
Figure 7. Even waiting for chow is a time to utilize for academic training. ................................................ 16
Figure 8. Cadets about to head out on an orientation flight. ..................................................................... 17
Figure 9. Orientation pilots provided orientation flights to cadets at multiple locations and times
throughout the year.................................................................................................................................... 18
Figure 10. CAP cadets assist the USMC Reserve with the Toys For Tots program. .................................... 21
Figure 11. Lest we forget. ........................................................................................................................... 22
Figure 12. GAWG Commander Col Richard Greenwood marshals an aircraft responding to Hurricane
Matthew...................................................................................................................................................... 25
Figure 13. The path of Hurricane Matthew, from WFTV-9 - Orlando, FL. .................................................. 27
Figure 14. Hurricane Matthew as seen in this NASA photo from the ISS. .................................................. 28
Figure 15. An example of some of the SC flooding from ground level. (Courtesy of US National Weather
Service)........................................................................................................................................................ 29
Figure 16. Hurricane Matthew affected areas throughout the Southeast. (Courtesy of SC EMD). ........... 30
Figure 17. GAWG repeaters are located at various sites around the state to support operations and
training. ....................................................................................................................................................... 32
Figure 18. GAWG participation in CAP Day at the State Capitol................................................................. 36
Figure 19. Governor Deal's "Civil Air Patrol Day" Proclamation. ................................................................ 44
Figure 20. Museum of Aviation CAP History Display official opening and ribbon cutting, 3 December
2016. ........................................................................................................................................................... 46
Figure 21. General Sir James Edward Oglethorpe. ..................................................................................... 54
Figure 22. Georgia Provincial Companies. .................................................................................................. 56
Figure 23. A private in Oglethorpe's 42nd Regiment of Foot. .................................................................... 57
Figure 24. Battle of Bloody Marsh Memorial Plaque at battle site. ........................................................... 58
Figure 25. (Above) Macon Guards, circa 1870. (Below) Wilkes Guards, circa 1890. ................................. 60
Figure 26. Governor E.D. Rivers. ................................................................................................................. 62
Figure 27. Governor Eugene Talmadge....................................................................................................... 63
Figure 28. Major L.G. Mason and his staff of Atlanta Squadron 1 getting ready for an airshow back in
late spring 1941. Atlanta Squadron 1 still exists, as Civil Air Patrol Squadron GA-003. ............................. 64
Figure 29. Air Patrol members stand ready for inspection at McKinnon Field, St Simons Island, GA, May
1941. This location would later become activated as Coastal Patrol Base 6.............................................. 65
Figure 30. Georgia Wing's first Wing Commander. .................................................................................... 66
Figure 31. Winship Nunnally was president and son of the founder of this company............................... 67
Figure 32. Winship Nunnally, Jr. ................................................................................................................. 68
Figure 33. Winship Nunnally hunting in Homosassa Springs, Florida 1946 ................................................ 69
Figure 34. Georgia Defense Corps (Aviation Division) and GSDC Air Patrol pilot wings, 1940-41. ............ 74
Figure 35. Georgia's first "Wing Patch"....................................................................................................... 75

Figure 36. Air Patrol members, Spring 1941 ............................................................................................... 77
Figure 37. New patch for the new AF style uniform. .................................................................................. 80
Figure 38. Georgia Wing Commander Lt Col Winship Nunnally, Atlanta Squadron 1 Commander Major
L.G Mason, and acting National Commander Col Harry H. Blee inspecting the CAP unit at Albany
Municipal Airport in 1942. Please note the Georgia State Defense Corps patch on the flight jackets. .... 81
Figure 39. M1917 Enfield rifle, based on the British Pattern 14 Rifle. ....................................................... 83
Figure 40. Georgia State Guard troops, ready to protect vital state facilities. ........................................... 85
Figure 41. Coastal Patrol Base 6 Base Commander Major Thomas H. Daniel. ........................................... 88
Figure 42. McKinnon Field circa 1938. ........................................................................................................ 89
Figure 43. GSDC Air Patrol emblem mandated by Governor Talmadge to indicate aircraft in government
service. ........................................................................................................................................................ 90
Figure 44. Maj Daniel's Bellanca at Coastal Patrol Base 6. Note Georgia Air Patrol emblem in addition to
era CAP markings. ....................................................................................................................................... 91
Figure 45. Coastal Patrol Base 6 pilot on patrol in 1942. ............................................................................ 93
Figure 46. GAWG Commander Lt Col Nunnally inspecting CP Base 6, 1942. ............................................. 94
Figure 47. GAWG marksmanship training by Georgia State Guard in 1942. .............................................. 95
Figure 48. CAP assists Georgia State Guard with training in 1942.............................................................. 96
Figure 49. CAP assists with recruiting Army Aviation cadets, Savannah 1943. .......................................... 97
Figure 50. GAWG Ground Team responds to "victim" during a SAREX in 1942. ........................................ 98
Figure 51. Opening day of the joint Georgia State Guard and Air Patrol Forest Patrol Base in Rome,
Georgia in early 1942. ................................................................................................................................. 99
Figure 52. The Air Medal (front view). ...................................................................................................... 101
Figure 53. Citation accompanying award of the above listed Air Medal. ................................................. 102
Figure 54. Back view of an Air Medal awarded to a CAP member in recognition of his wartime service.
.................................................................................................................................................................. 102
Figure 55. Belligerency Certificate issued to CAP members by the USAF................................................ 103
Figure 56. NHQ memo to accompany Certificate of Honorable Service. ................................................. 104
Figure 57. Gold Star Banner for fallen CAP members. .............................................................................. 105
Figure 58. Army Issue Colt M1911 of type issued to CAP Coastal Patrol personnel. ............................... 106
Figure 59. Armed CP Base 6 CAP aircraft being fueled up for antisubmarine mission - 1943. ................ 107
Figure 60. Captain James P Knott and CP Base 6 clerk Laura Jane McClain in Base Operations, 1943. Note
.45 pistol on pistol belt. ............................................................................................................................ 107
Figure 61. 100-lb bomb of type carried by CAP aircraft during the war. .................................................. 108
Figure 62. B-7 Bomb shackle the Army used to mount bombs to aircraft used on CAP Coastal Patrol
missions..................................................................................................................................................... 109
Figure 63. CAP Coastal Patrol Base 6 aircrew returning from a patrol mission - St Simons Island, GA 1943. ......................................................................................................................................................... 111
Figure 64. AAF Interceptor Command memo - 1942. ............................................................................... 114
Figure 65. GAWG CAP unit flag from the Georgia State Capitol military unit flag collection. .................. 117
Figure 66. Georgia Humanitarian Service Award Ribbon. ........................................................................ 119
Figure 67. State of Georgia Aide-de-camp appointment. ......................................................................... 121
Figure 68. On the Air Force Team, circa 1957........................................................................................... 122
Figure 69. Georgia Wing Patch, 1992-2011 .............................................................................................. 123
Figure 70. An effective force-multiplier. From the 1959 Air Force Blue Book. ........................................ 123
Figure 71. Georgia Wing Patch, 2011-present .......................................................................................... 124



GAWG Staff Meeting, Dobbins Air Reserve Base, GA


Group V SAREX, Gainesville, GA


SER Ops Conference, Dobbins ARB, GA


Alabama Wing ES School #1, Maxwell AFB, AL


National Inland SAR Course, Tyndall AFB, FL


GAWG Legislative Day, Atlanta, GA


Group I SAREX, Ellijay, GA


Corporate Learning Course, Savannah, GA


GAWG Staff Meeting, Dobbins Air Reserve Base, GA


Group II SAREX - Briscoe Field, Lawrenceville, GA


Operation Frostbite Cold WX Ground Exercise, U.S. Army Ranger
Training Camp Frank D. Merrill Hawk Mountain Field Training Site,
Dahlonega, GA


Alabama Wing ES School #2, Maxwell AFB, AL


Training Leaders of Cadets Course, Ellijay, GA


CAP National Legislative Day, Washington, DC


Winter Command Council, Washington, DC


ICS-300 Course, Albany, GA


Training Leaders of Cadets Course, McDonough, GA


Commander's Call/CAC Meeting, Robins AFB, GA


Squadron Leadership School, Robins AFB. GA


GAWG Staff Meeting, Dobbins Air Reserve Base, GA


Mission Radio Operator Class, Chamblee, GA


Alabama Wing ES School #3, Maxwell AFB, AL




Cadet Programs, Powered O-flights, Blairsville, GA


Mission Radio Operator Class, Chamblee, GA


Cadet Programs, Trip to USS Yorktown and Patriots Point Museum,
Charleston, SC


National Staff College, Maxwell AFB, AL


GAWG Staff Meeting, Dobbins Air Reserve Base, GA


Alabama Wing ES School #4, Maxwell AFB, AL


Col Winship Nunnally Enshrinement Ceremony into Georgia Aviation
Hall of Fame, Delta Airlines Museum, Atlanta, GA


Cadet Programs, Thunder In the Valley Airshow, Columbus, GA


Senior IG School, Dobbins ARB, GA

29-1 May

"Constant Watch 16" Statewide COMEX


Military Academy Day, Dobbins ARB, GA

30-1 May

Cadet Programs, WWII Heritage Days Airshow, Peachtree City, GA


Group II SAREX Athens-Ben Epps Field, Athens, GA


GAWG Staff Meeting, Dobbins Air Reserve Base, GA


AL Wing ES School #5, Maxwell AFB, AL


Cadet Programs, PDK Good Neighbor Day Airshow, Chamblee, GA


Corporate Learning Course, Robins AFB, GA


Encampment Staff Training Workshop, Macon, GA


SER Region Cadet Leadership School, McGhee-Tyson ANGB, TN


Joint SER/GAWG Conference, University of GA, Athens, GA


Encampment Staff Training Workshop, Dobbins ARB, GA


National IG College, Peachtree City, GA


GAWG Staff Meeting, Dobbins Air Reserve Base, GA


GAWG Encampment, Marine Corps Logistics Base, Albany, GA






Squadron Leadership School, Peachtree City, GA


Cadet Programs, EAA Fly-in, Gainesville, GA


SER Region Staff College, McGhee-Tyson ANGB, TN


National ES Academy, Camp Atterbury, IN


GAWG Staff Meeting, Dobbins Air Reserve Base, GA


Cadet Programs, SER Glider Flight Academy, Tullahoma, TN


Basic Inland SAR Course, Atlanta, GA


GAWG SAREX, Falcon Field, Peachtree City, GA



GAWG Staff Meeting, Dobbins Air Reserve Base, GA


GAWG contingent attends CAP National Conference and Command
Council meeting, Nashville, TN


GAWG SAREX, Falcon Field, Peachtree City, GA


Commander's Call via WebEx


In memory of those lost on 9-11, all GAWG active powered airframes
were in the air performing active missions, except one. The one not
flying represented the “missing man”, in memory of those who
perished aboard the hijacked airliners that tragic day.


GAWG Staff Meeting, Dobbins ARB, GA


GAWG Practice SAR/EVAL, SW GA Regional Airport, Albany, GA


Cadet Programs, Warbirds Weekend Historic Aircraft Airshow,
Peachtree-DeKalb Airport, Chamblee, GA

30-2 Oct

Cadet Programs, Currahee Military Weekend, Toccoa, GA


Cadet Programs, Thunder Over Georgia Airshow, Robins AFB, GA
Governors of FL, NC, SC, and Georgia declare states of emergency in
their respective areas ahead of landfall of Hurricane Matthew. Disaster

Relief assets were moved in an orderly fashion ahead of the storm, and
prepositioned for post-hurricane response.

GAWG response personnel were properly briefed, and were launched
to perform post-hurricane imaging of affected areas.


GAWG Staff Meeting, Dobbins Air Reserve Base, GA


Cadet Programs, EAA Fly-in, Blairsville, GA


Cadet Programs, Boshears Skyfest and Fly-in, Augusta, GA


Cadet Programs, Wings Over North Georgia Airshow, Rome, GA


Squadron Leadership School, Ball Ground, GA


GAWG SAR/EVAL, SW GA Regional Airport, Albany, GA


GAWG Staff Meeting, Dobbins Air Reserve Base, GA



Opening and dedication of CAP History Display at the second largest
air museum in the USAF, Museum of Aviation, Robins AFB, GA


Currahee Squadron 508 assists with USMC Toys for Tots program,
Toccoa, GA


GAWG Staff Meeting, Dobbins Air Reserve Base, GA

10 and 17

Members of GAWG participated in Wreaths Across America,
including decorating graves of GAWG members who served in the
U.S. Military



GAWG members celebrate CAP's 75th anniversary. His Exellency,
Georgia Governor Nathan Deal, declares this day to be "Civil Air
Patrol Day" across the state.

CAP Communications and NORAD personnel work together to help
track "Santa Claus" as part of a Federal interagency communications


The Georgia Wing in 2016 made considerable progress in cadet programs and
operations. Over the course of the year the squadrons in the state were active in their local
communities and the leadership of the wing increased its visibility and operations.
Throughout the year, the wing took part in several training exercises for operations and
emergency services. Table top exercises prepared the wing for graded SAREXs and other
training exercises. The wing met staffing requirements for Department of Homeland Security
(DHS), United States Air Force (USAF), and Georgia Emergency Management Agency
(GEMA) missions without delay. It worked alongside and in concert with several other Federal,
State, and local agencies and officially sanctioned volunteer groups with mutual interests and
complementary mission goals in service of the community, state, and nation. In addition, the
Wing and its units hosted several public events. As 2016 came to a close, the wing honored the
past and present.




The Georgia Wing, as a unit of the national Civil Air Patrol organization, completed its
72nd year of service to the people of the State of Georgia and to the United States of America.
On 16 April 1941, His Excellency, Georgia Governor Eugene Talmadge issued an executive
order reorganizing Georgia's State Guard that had been in existence in one form or another since
1733, renaming it as the Georgia State Defense Corps and expanding it into 3 commands. Those
3 units were the ground-forces based Georgia State Guard, the Georgia Military Police, and the
air-forces based Air Patrol. The Governor appointed Colonel Ryburn G. Clay as commander of
the GSDC, and Lt. Col. Winship Nunnally as commander of the Air Patrol. As the air branch of
the GSDC, this Air Patrol unit was responsible for performing air missions for the State of
Georgia, in place of the absent Georgia National Guard air units. Colonel Nunnally, who was
an acquaintance of Gill Robb Wilson from their National Aeronautic Association days, (having
had a son who had served in the Royal Air Force in the interwar years) saw war just over the
horizon, and endorsed the idea of somehow merging Georgia's Air Patrol into part of a larger
nationwide organization being touted by Wilson and General J.F. Curry. Shortly thereafter, on 1
December 1941 the national-level Civil Air Patrol organization was established, 9 days before
the GSDC ground units were called to duty under Brigadier General Omar Bradley. Colonel
Nunnally continued duties as the first Commander of Georgia Wing Civil Air Patrol through the
war years.


The Georgia Wing is presently headquartered at 800-A Dobbins Patrol Road, Hangar 5,
Room 2110, at Dobbins Air Reserve Base in Marietta, GA, near Atlanta. Descending from Wing
Headquarters, there are 6 subordinate groups and 33 squadrons and flights. As of 1 January
2016, total membership included 1029 senior members and 883 cadets. There are 13 singleengine CAP aircraft, 1 glider, and 26 CAP vehicles assigned to the wing. The wing maintains 11
VHF/FM repeaters, 189 VHF/FM stations, and 26 HF stations.
For CY2016, the wing operated under the command of Colonel Richard Greenwood, who
sought to maintain complete staffing and operations of all wing directorates. Increases in wing
operations and cadet program activities are a testament to the volunteer hours of the wing, group,
and squadron staffers state-wide. Federal budget issues imposed concerns and occasional
headaches on wing planning, but in way no way did budgetary issues impact the ability of
GAWG personnel to respond to staffing requests from state and federal agencies.
In order to help carry out the Wing’s assigned missions, the Wing Command Staff
selected competent, professional specialists from amongst the GAWG membership, to serve on
the Georgia Wing Staff. As of the beginning of CY 2016, these were the personnel currently
serving on the Wing Staff:
Richard Greenwood Col
Joseph Knight III Lt Col
Andrea Van Buren Lt Col
Paul Janssen
Jeff Arnold
Gina Cone
Valerie Knight

Lt Col
--Lt Col

Wing Commander
Vice Commander for Operations
Vice Commander for Support
Inspector General
Plans & Programs Officer
Finance Officer

Brad Choate
Jeff Baggett
Will Hargrove
Donald Hamrick
Brad Haynes
Shirley Arnold
Samuel B. Levie
Thomas Welty
Joel Shreenan
Shannon Williams
Patrick Zarnik
Christopher Savage
Linda Minor
Deborah Huffman
Michael E. Crowe
P. Owen Snider, Jr
John Aden
Marilyn Bridges
Elise Whitworth
Jonathan Lartigue
Randy Sumner
Ronald C. Clark
Jeffrey Chiu
Barry Loudermilk
David Brown
Gwen Brown


Lt Col
Asst Finance Officer
Lt Col
Emergency Services
Lt Col
Communications & IT Officer
Communications Engineering Officer
Lt Col
Wing Webmaster
Cadet Programs Officer
Lt Col
Professional Development
Lt Col
Safety Officer
Aerospace Education
External Aerospace Education
Lt Col
Lt Col Assist Logistics & Property Management Officer
Lt Col
Counter Drug Officer
Drug Demand Reduction
Lt Col
Public Affairs & Marketing
Lt Col
Medical Officer
Lt Col
Legal Officer
Lt Col
Government Relations Advisor
Lt Col
Assistant Historian


Director of Aerospace Education Maj Linda Minor
Assistant Director (External) Maj Deborah Huffman

Maj Linda Minor and her staff made notable strides support of CAP's aerospace
education (AE) mission in 2016. Luckily, Georgia as a state is blessed with a variety of
aerospace-related museums and other facilities which both contribute to and enhance this
mission, including museums such as The National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force
near Savannah, The Robins Air Force Base Museum of Aviation, near Warner Robins, The
Tellus Science Center near Cartersville, and DeKalb County's Fernbank Science Center near
Atlanta. CAP has full-time representation at Fernbank in the person CAP Major (and Dr.)
Deborah Huffman who serves as the institution's Aerospace Instructor.
Early in her teaching career, Dr. Huffman participated in an aerospace education
workshop that inspired her to become a private pilot, and she has been teaching aerospace
classes at Fernbank Science Center ever since. She is also very involved in Robotics and
Engineering programs.
A Graduate of the Aerospace Education Leadership Development Course at Maxwell
AFB in 1978, Dr. Huffman made a lifetime pledge to support and promote aerospace education.


She serves as the GA Wing CAP External Aerospace Education Officer; is the President and past
Vice President of EAA Chapter 690; selected as a member of the Network of Educator Astronaut
Teachers and Airspace Systems Education Cohort, both NASA programs. She helped develop
the Georgia high school aviation curriculum, the Georgia SkillsUSA Flight Contest, is a founder
and board member of the Transportation Education Foundation of Georgia, and serves on the
Careers In Aviation Board of Directors. Dr. Huffman is an active member of CAP, EAA, Aero
Club of Metro Atlanta, Women in Aviation, Silver Wings, AOPA, and Women SOAR 2009 and
2010 Mentor. Through these organizations, she helps students with scholarships and activities
that promote their personal dreams of flight.
Dr. Huffman is a recipient of the 2007 EAA Major Achievement Award, the Frank G.
Brewer Memorial Award for outstanding contributions to the advancement of youth in aerospace
activities, the 2003 Aero Club of Atlanta member of the Year award, Fernbank Science Center
Teacher of the Year, 2010 Epps Award for outstanding aviation achievement, and the 2011 Civil
Air Patrol Frank Brewer Outstanding Aerospace Educator for the Southeast Region Award.
Additionally, she is the professional educator credited more than any other of inspiring NASA
Astronaut and Space Shuttle pilot Air Force Col Eric Boe on the path of interest in the Aerospace
Sciences that later led to both a successful Civil Air Patrol, Air Force, and NASA career.


Figure 2. Astronaut Eric Boe in orbit aboard the ISS with one of his old Georgia Wing patches.

In addition to the Aerospace Education outreach provided by such officers as Dr.
Huffman, the Georgia Wing has been very active in the provision of distribution of STEM kits
to various deserving units through Georgia Wing. As of the end of November 2014, the
distribution of those STEM units by duty assignment, CAP unit, Officer responsible, and
STEM kit type as extracted from the National CAP STEM Assignment List have been as

North Georgia
Composite Squadron

Capt Linda Kotula




Bartow Etowah
Composite Squadron

Capt Samuel Sheffield




Gwinnett County
Composite Squadron

LTC Thomas Schmid


Flight Simulator


Dekalb County Cadet

Maj David Hamby


Model Aircraft/RC



Peachtree City Falcon
Field Comp Squadron

Capt Duane Romey




North Georgia
Composite Squadron

Capt Linda Kotula




Griffin Composite

John Burkett


Model Aircraft/RC


Creekside Christian
Academy Comp

1Lt Daniel Morrow


Flight Simulator

CAP Educator

Creekside Christian
Academy Comp

Marybeth Leavell


Flight Simulator



Figure 3. Participants and staff from the 14-15 May Corporate Learning

Director of Professional Development Lt Col Patrick Zarnik

The wing held several PDO activities around the state in CY2016. The first, activity, a
Corporate Learning Course on 6 –7 February, took place in Savannah, GA. Later, on 20 – 21
February , the Wing held a Training Leaders of Cadets Course in Elllijay, Georgia, and shortly
thereafter holding an ICS-300 course half a state away in Albany, GA on 27 – 28 February. On
4 – 5 March another Training Leaders of Cadets Course was held in McDonough, while almost
concurrently holding a Squadron Leadership School at Robins AFB on 5 – 6 March, followed
by attendance by some Wing member at the National Staff College at Maxwell AFB on 3 – 10


April, a Senior Inspector General Course at Dobbins ARB on 23 – 24 April, an ICS-300 Course
on 14 – 15 May in Albany, GA, and a Corporate Learning Course at Robins AFB also on 14 –
15 May. On 3 – 5 June, the Wing held a joint Southeast Region and Georgia Wing Conference
at the University of Georgia in Athens, GA, followed on 11– 18 June by the National Inspector
General College in Peachtree City, GA, followed by a Squadron Leadership School also held in
Peachtree City on 25– 26 June., and on 11 – 13 August, many Wing members attended the
CAP National Conference held in Nashville in fulfillment of Professional Development goals.
Lastly on 29 – 30 October in Ball Ground, GA, the Georgia Wing held the last Squadron
Leadership School of CY 2016.

Professional “LEADERSHIP” Development (by Lt Col Zarnik)
“In a speech given at Maxwell AFB, May 2014, the Sec of the Air Force, Deborah Lee
'We need leaders who can effectively plan and execute strategies...using the training that
enhances the quality of our people.'

We, as Civil Air Patrol USAF Auxiliary member have the same duty as stated above. When an
SLS or CLC or TLC and UCC classes are scheduled they can serve a DUAL purpose for us.
While servivg as a student at one of the above classes we are ENHANCING through training
to execute effectively. Also, as a student, you are able to enhance your LEADERSHIP abilities. How do
you react and conduct yourself in the class? How did you interact with the other students...often in GA


we have Officers from other Wings...did you welcome them? What type of GA CAP Officer did you
portray? How can you use this training back in your home units?
As Instructor, Director or Project/Squadron Contact Officer for any of the above classes, you will
have the ability to add to your LEADERSHIP tool box in a big way. Your planning and executing a
successful PD class can give you confidence in the fact that...I DID THIS... . I have heard from past class
Directors and Instructors after the class was over... 'Yes it was some work getting this going, but once it
got going it turned out “way cool” '. Some Directors and Instructors even asked.. 'Can I do another one?'
Civil Air Patrol offers every member a chance to use his/her ability to LEAD. When the Wing
Schedule shows classes being offered, give yourself a chance to LEAD. You and the Georgia Wing are
both the winners.
Thanks for your service to America;
Patrick Zarnik Lt Col CAP


Figure 4. Colonel Richard Greenwood

Colonel Richard Greenwood Biography

Colonel Richard J. Greenwood was the Commander of the Georgia Wing, Civil Air
Patrol, throughout CY 2016. As such he exercised command authority over the nearly 2000


volunteer professionals in the Georgia Wing. He also served as a member of the Civil Air Patrol
Command Council, advising the National Commander on operational matters affecting the
members under his command.
Colonel Greenwood has served in a variety of positions within the Georgia Wing ranging
from Squadron and Group Commander to Inspector General. He has also served on the Southeast
Region Staff as the Search and Rescue Officer, Assistant Director of Communications, and
Assistant Inspector General. Colonel Greenwood served as the Southeast Region Inspector
General for three years.
Colonel Greenwood has held continuous membership in Civil Air Patrol since joining as
a cadet over 25 years ago. While attending university, he served in numerous positions at the
Squadron and Group level in Florida Wing, and after graduation he served as a Squadron
Commander in New Mexico Wing.
Colonel Greenwood holds master ratings in 12 CAP specialties including Cadet
Programs, Aerospace Education, Operations, Inspector General, Standards and Evaluations, and
Flight Operations. He is a qualified Incident Commander and served for many years as a CAP
Instructor and Check Pilot. Colonel Greenwood is a graduate of multiple CAP Schools and
courses including National Staff College and is a distinguished graduate of the USAF Squadron
Officer’s School.
His CAP Awards and Decorations include the Silver Medal of Valor, multiple
Exceptional Service Awards, multiple Meritorious Service Awards, the National Commander’s
Commendation, the Region Commander’s Commendation, and multiple Commanders’


Commendations, the Achievement Award, the National Commander’s Unit Citation, numerous
Unit Citations, the Gill Rob Wilson Award, and numerous others. Colonel Greenwood has been
awarded CAP Command pilot Wings, Master Incident Commander Badge, Master Ground Team
Badge, and the Command Council Badge.
Colonel Greenwood is a graduate of Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Daytona
Beach, FL, where he earned a Bachelor of Science Degree in Aeronautical Science with a minor
in Aviation Safety. After spending over 15 years as a line Captain and Chief Pilot, he is a
professional pilot instructor for a major training provider providing ground and simulator
instruction to fellow professional pilots.
Colonel Greenwood has been married for 12 years and has three daughters and one son.



Director of Cadet Programs

Maj Shannon Williams

Drug Demand Reduction

Capt Marilyn Bridges

During CY 2016, the Georgia Wing Cadet Programs Directorate had a very busy year, with
an annual encampment, orientation flights, airshows and other activities in addition to the regular
cadet training offered at the unit level. This is covered in more detail in the paragraphs as follows.

Georgia Wing Encampment
Continuing a tradition dating back decades, the 2016 GAWG Encampment took
place at the U.S. Marine Corps Logistic Base (MCLB) in Albany, GA from 19 – 25 July. A
total of nearly 200 cadets and a capable staff senior members collectively made the encampment
a complete success. Under the leadership of the Encampment Commander and Encampment
Cadet Staff, all the cadets who completed this worthwhile program graduated from the
encampment on 25 July. Basic Cadets were educated in customs and courtesies, aerospace
education, drill, character development and more. Meanwhile, cadet staffers were improving
their leadership skills by training and mentoring junior cadets. The encampment events included
orientation flights, DDR projects, aerospace education projects, emergency services training,
drill practice, and tours of MCLB Albany, among other activities. While the greater majority of
the cadet were from Georgia, there also cadets attending from several other states.


In the course of the week, GAWG Commander Col Richard Greenwood visited with cadets and
was able to observe the training firsthand.

Figure 5. GAWG Encampment 2016 Group Photo.


Figure 6. Even waiting for chow is a time to utilize for academic training.


Cadet Orientation Flights
During CY 2016, Georgia Wing cadets had a variety of opportunities to take part in
orientation flights, as well as other flight training , in several powered aircraft and gliders. These
included orientation flights in Blairsville, GA on 26 March, the Glider Flight Academy in
Tullahoma, TN on 15 – 24 July, plus a variety of multi-weekend cadet flight orientation
activities held in Chamblee, Peachtree City, Ellijay, St Simons Island, Savannah, Columbus,
Macon, and Augusta.

Figure 7. Cadets about to head out on an orientation flight.


Figure 8. Orientation pilots provided orientation flights to cadets at multiple locations and times throughout the year.

Georgia Air Shows
As Georgia is a large state, blessed with many local airports, many cadet were presented
the opportunity to experience the aerospace educational activity of attending an airshow.

During CY 2016, CAP cadets were able to attend the “Thunder In the Valley Airshow” in
Columbus, GA on 16 – 17 April; the "CAF Dixie Wing WWII Heritage Days Airshow on 30
April – 1 May at Falcon Field in Peachtree City; the “PDK Good Neighbor Day Airshow” in
Chamblee, GA on 14 May; the “Gainesville Cracker Fly-in Airshow” in Gainesville on 9 July;


the "Atlanta Warbird Weekend Airshow" at Peachtree-DeKalb Airport in Chamblee;
the "Thunder Over Georgia Airshow” at Robins AFB on 1 – 2 October; and the “Wings Over
North Georgia Airshow” in Rome on 29 – 30 October.

Academy Day/USAF Academy Seminar and Forum
While not strictly a CAP-only activity, Georgia Congressional Delegation hosted the
largest Armed Forces Academy Day in the U.S. on 30 April 2016 at Dobbins ARB where more
than 1,200 attendees, including some GAWG cadets, were given information during an open
house on the application process for admission into a military service academy.
Col. Brett Clark, the Dobbins 94th AW commander, gave the opening and closing remarks
for the event, letting the applicants know how thankful he was for their interest in attending a
service academy and the potential service they will perform for their country.
"Our U.S. service academies have a long tradition of excellence in education and training our
nation's leaders," said Clark. "Many young people from Georgia graduated from these
academies. America's Armed Forces are the best at what we do and it is an honor to serve with
In addition to Clark, keynote speakers from the Georgia delegation included Senator
Johnny Isakson and Representatives Tom Price and Austin Scott, who also expressed their
gratitude toward the young men and women who are applying to attend some of the most
rigorous college curriculums.
Isakson also explained how the process for being granted a Congressional nomination


would unfold for potential applicants.
"Everyone in Congress has an academy board that reviews applications to the academies," said
Isakson. "We rate and rank them. In Georgia there is not political process whatsoever. This is a
competitive process. You will be competing when you apply to academies with other applicants
sitting here and others who will apply later on. Our selection committee makes the final
recommendations on who we will nominate, and then the academies will make the decision on
who they will ultimately extend offers to."
High school students were also given the opportunity to speak with representatives from
each of the service academies, including West Point, the U.S. Naval Academy, the U.S. Air
Force Academy, the Coast Guard Academy, and the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy.
The potential applicants were given information about each of the academies and in order
to gain a broader perspective on what each academy has to offer, and current students from some
of the academies offered insights to what opportunities they could be offered should they attend
a service academy.

Toys For Tots
The Currahee 508 Squadron, Georgia Wing Civil Air Patrol, did their part to assist the local U.S.
Marine Corps Reserve contingent in their yearly “Toys For Tots” drive to help underprivileged
children to receive a toy at Christmas. Support provided on 3 December 2016 included helping
gather toys outside the local Wal-mart, under the watchful eyes of the squadron's senior staff, in
concert with the Marine Corps reservists, in association with members of several other local
nonprofit groups who were rotating through assisting the USMC Reserve with this worthy event.

Figure 9. CAP cadets assist the USMC Reserve with the Toys For Tots program.

Wreaths Across America
Several Georgia Wing squadrons took the time to honor the service and sacrifice of our men and
women who served their country in uniform, who are buried alongside their fellow veterans and
servicemembers in cemeteries across the state, by the placing of memorial wreaths upon their
graves, during the month of December. In addition to honoring the service of our veterans, the
Gainesville Cadet Squadron was also able to honor a high ranking Civil Air Patrol member and
Air Force veteran who is buried at Alta Vista cemetery. Former Civil Air Patrol Colonel George
Graves, a retired Air Force lawyer who later went on to serve many years as the Georgia Wing


Legal Officer, and eventually on the National Commander's Staff as National Legal Officer, is
interred there, and he was honored with a wreath during the same wreath laying ceremony as his
fellow veterans.

Figure 10. Lest we forget.



Director of Operations

Maj Donald Hamrick


Lt Col Will Hargrove

Emergency Services Officer

Lt Col Marl McCracken

Counter Drug Officer

Maj Keith Walker

For CY2016, the GAWG made effective use of its fleet of aircraft and improved its
operational capabilities. To meet operational and training needs, NHQ last year provided the
wing a new Cessna 182, delivered in January for assignment to Peachtree City – Falcon Field.
This aircraft and the others in the fleet saw extensive use supporting mission requirements.
With all airframes in service, the GAWG accrued considerable flying hours in operations
and for cadet orientation rides. For CY2016, the Wing's complement of 268 aircrew members
amongst the Wing's 1018 emergency responders, flew in excess of 3200 hours, of which 1500+
flights were cadet orientation rides. In addition, GAWG flew 30+ other state support missions,
which were an excellent “return on investment” to both the people and the government of the
State of Georgia, as the Wing's state funding for 2016 of $75,414 resulted in an over $5,100,000
value of volunteer hours provided by the membership of the Wing.


In addition to the many actual missions that the Wing took part in during CY 2016, the
Wing held a large number of SAREX missions at different locations across the Wing. Having
these missions at more sites across the state allowed the maximum number of members across
the Wing to have training provided as close as reasonably possible to the local squadrons. As
the operational area of the Wing encompasses the entire state, and Georgia is the largest state
east of the Mississippi River, with wide variations in topography and thus different type search
methods used more effectively in various areas of the state, it makes sense to have the number
of different missions that were held. From the relatively flat farmland and lightly wooded areas
south of Macon, to the Coastal areas along the Atlantic Ocean of Brunswick and St. Simons
Island, to the Urban DF areas in the suburbs of Atlanta, to the rolling hills near Dawsonville and
Dawson Forest, to the mountains above Dahlonega at Hawk Mountain, and even small patches
of desert near the Tennessee border near Copper Hill, Georgia Wing members have been able to
receive specialized training appropriate to be able to prosecute missions safely and successfully
under a variety of environmental conditions, to be a more mission effective force.


Wing Deployment in Response to Hurricane Matthew

Figure 11. GAWG Commander Col Richard Greenwood marshals an aircraft responding to Hurricane Matthew.

Hurricane Matthew was a powerful Hurricane which was the first Category 5 Atlantic
hurricane since Hurricane Felix in 2007. It was thirteenth named storm, fifth hurricane and
second major hurricane of the active 2016 Atlantic hurricane season, bringing widespread
destruction and loss of life during its journey across the Western Atlantic, including parts of
Haiti, Cuba, Dominican Republic, the southeastern United States, and the Canadian Maritimes.
A total of 603 deaths have been linked to the storm, including 546 in Haiti, 4 in Cuba, 4 in the
Dominican Republic, 1 in Colombia, and 1 in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and 47 in the
United States, making it the deadliest Atlantic hurricane since Hurricane Stan in 2005, which
killed 1,600 in Central Mexico. In addition to the terrible loss of life, the storm also caused


damage estimated in excess of $15 billion dollars, becoming costliest Atlantic hurricane since
Hurricane Sandy in 2012, as well as the ninth-costliest Atlantic hurricane in recorded history.
Originating from a tropical wave that emerged off Africa on 22 September, Matthew
developed into a tropical storm 35 miles southeast of St. Lucia on September 28. It became a
hurricane 190 miles northeast of Curaçao on 29 September 29, before , ultimately reaching
Category 5 intensity on October 1 at just 13.4°N latitude (the lowest latitude ever recorded for a
storm of this intensity in the Atlantic basin, which broke the record set by Hurricane Ivan in
2004). Matthew weakened very slightly while making a northward turn toward the Greater
Antilles, still a strong Category 4 hurricane as it made its first landfall over Haiti early on 4
October. The hurricane then passed through the Windward Passage, retaining its Category 4
status before making a second landfall near Guantanamo Bay, Cuba later that evening.
Interaction with the terrain helped weaken the storm to Category 3, though Matthew eventually
returned to Category 4 intensity as it left Cuba and headed toward the Bahamas. Matthew made
its third landfall over Grand Bahama 15 miles west-northwest of Freeport as a Category 4
hurricane later in the day. The storm then began to parallel the Southeastern United States coast
over the next 36 hours, gradually weakening while remaining just offshore before making its
fourth and final landfall 55 miles south-southwest of Myrtle Beach, South Carolina as a
Category 1 hurricane on the morning of October 8. Matthew re-emerged into the Atlantic shortly
afterward, briefly retaining its hurricane status before completing its transition into an
extratropical cyclone as it turned away from Cape Hatteras, North Carolina on 9 October.


Figure 12. The path of Hurricane Matthew, from WFTV - Orlando, FL.

Preparations began in earnest across the southeastern United States as Matthew
approached, with several states (including Georgia) declaring states of emergency for either
entire states or coastal counties. Widespread evacuations were ordered for large areas of the
coast because of predicted high wind speeds and flooding, especially in the Jacksonville
Metropolitan Area. In Florida, over 1 million lost power as the storm passed to the east, with
478,000 losing power in Georgia and South Carolina. While damage was primarily confined to
the coast in the Florida and Georgia, torrential rains spread inland in the Carolinas and Virginia,
causing widespread flooding. In response to Hurricane Matthew, many trained emergency
response groups and agencies (including Civil Air Patrol) were called out to perform duties after
the storm. With CAP having a particular specialty training in the area of aerial photography of
storm affected areas, many CAP Wings (including Georgia Wing) provided aerial image support
to various Federal and State emergency management agencies, allowing those agencies to more


effectively make use of response resources in the most urgently needed areas.

Figure 13. Hurricane Matthew as seen in this NASA photo from the ISS.


Figure 14. An example of some of the SC flooding from ground level. (Courtesy of US National Weather Service)


Figure 15. Hurricane Matthew affected areas throughout the Southeast. (Courtesy of SC EMD).



Director of Communications/IT

Maj Samuel Levie

Assistant Director of Comm/Licensing Officer

Lt Col James Card

Communications Training Officer

Capt Donald Imbody

Communications Engineering Officer

Capt Thomas A. Welty

Net Control Officer

Maj Joseph B. Hinson

Wing Webmaster

Lt Col Joel Shreenan

Throughout the year, GAWG Communications continued to serve as “the voice of
command” . The Wing Communications Staff, along with Communications personnel from
across the state, conducted individual training of GAWG personnel, to enable the Wing's
personnel to effectively make use of Air Force-funded communications assets, including 11 VHF
Repeaters, 216 VHF stations, and 27 HF stations, in support of CAP's 3 primary missions. In
addition to this training, Mission Radio Operator training was held on both 15 and 29 July at
Peachtree-DeKalb Airport in Chamblee, to enhance the Emergency Services training of
personnel enrolled in the Communications Specialty Track. A region-wide Air Force-sponsored
communications exercise called “Constant Watch 2016” was also held on 29 April – 1 May to test
the ability of CAP members to effectively provide communications support during a regionwide


Figure 16. GAWG repeaters are located at various sites around the state to support operations and training.

Georgia Wing Website undergoes major overhaul
On 8 November 2013, the GAWG Information Technology team debuted a brand new Georgia
Wing website, now sitting on a dedicated server and developed in Wordpress-- an excellent

content management system. The new site was a complete re-write from the old website and was
the culmination of many months' work on the part of the Georgia Wing information technology
team. It consists of two websites; the public website with general information, plus a passwordprotected "members" site, developed to support the personnel of Georgia Wing. All GAWG
members were encouraged to make use of this excellent information management tool. In 2015,
this much-improved website underwent an extensive overhaul that enabled the same content to
be seen whether on a desktop, tablet or phone, and in both landscape or portrait orientation. In
2016 this important tool was further refined to become more user friendly and scalable for use in
support of CAP mission requirements and training at various command levels.



Logistics Officer Lt Col Michael Crowe


The Georgia Wing Logistics Department is quite pleased with the performance of its fleet
of vehicles and those members who kept them rolling in 2013. All vehicles in the wing passed
their annual inspections in 2016.
GAWG Logistics continues to supply vehicles on an ongoing basis for squadron events
throughout the state and beyond. The cooperation of the vehicle custodians allowed for the
easy flow of the fleet to provide the transport of cadets and seniors all year round.
GAWG vans supplied transportation for all major activities in 2016.



Government Relations Advisor Lt Col Barry Loudermilk


On 27 January, about 90 members from 20 squadrons turned out for Civil Air Patrol Day
at the State Capitol, promoting the organization’s missions and its contributions to local
During their visit, resolutions by both the Senate and House recognized members for
their volunteer service in CAP.
Select wing cadets served as honorary House and Senate pages, helping ensure the
smooth operation of the legislative session.


Figure 17. GAWG participation in CAP Day at the State Capitol.

During the 2016 Georgia Legislative session, 2 resolutions specifically honoring the
Georgia Wing CAP, were introduced and approved. The text of these, as introduced in the
Georgia State House and Senate, respectively, are included in the immediate following pages.
Later in 2016, in time for CAP's 75th Anniversary, Governor Nathan Deal declared 1 December
2016, the founding date of the National CAP organization, to be "Civil Air Patrol Day" in


LC 111 0050

House Resolution 1061
By: Representatives Rogers of the 10th, Ralston of the 7th, Cheokas of the 138th, Lott of the 122nd,
Coomer of the 14th, and others

1 Recognizing January 27th, 2016, as Civil Air Patrol Day at the capitol, commending the
2 volunteers of the Civil Air Patrol for their service to the citizens of Georgia, and for
3 other purposes.
4 WHEREAS, the Civil Air Patrol was founded on December 1, 1941, as an organization of
5 volunteers to assist the United States military in national defense by performing aerial coastal
6 patrols and emergency services within the continental United States; and
7 WHEREAS, in 1943, the capabilities of this new volunteer organization were recognized as
8 vital to national defense, and by Presidential Executive Order, the Civil Air Patrol was
9 assigned to the War Department and was subsequently chartered by Congress to perform


10 three distinct missions: emergency services, aerospace education, and cadet programs; and
11 WHEREAS, Civil Air Patrol air and ground teams perform over 90 percent of inland search
12 and rescue missions tasked by the Air Force Rescue Coordination Center; and
13 WHEREAS, the Georgia Wing of the Civil Air Patrol consists of over 1,900 volunteer
14 members in 45 squadrons and four groups located throughout this state; and
15 WHEREAS, Georgia Wing squadrons have been awarded the National Squadron of
16 Distinction in 2008 and 2009, the Southeast Region Squadron of Distinction in 2010, and
17 numerous other awards for Counter Drug, Emergency Services, and Cadet Programs; and
18 WHEREAS, Georgia Wing members are an intricate component of our national defense who
19 volunteer their services, time, and resources to actively support the Civil Air Patrol by
20 conducting missions in homeland security, disaster relief emergency services, search and
21 rescue, counter drug, aerospace education, and cadet programs; and
22 WHEREAS, their contributions to our state are constantly evidenced through their efforts
23 locating several missing aircraft and people in Georgia, to locate and silence numerous
24 activated distress beacons, to conduct "Sundown Patrols" in South Georgia, and to conduct
25 joint exercises with local emergency agencies throughout this state; and
26 WHEREAS, Georgia Wing volunteers also supported the Governor's Task Force for Drug

27 Suppression and other antidrug efforts, honored more than 15,000 of Georgia's fallen soldiers
28 through the Wreaths Across America initiative, and introduced hundreds of Georgia youth
29 to aviation through the flight orientation programs; and
30 WHEREAS, the estimated value of the Georgia Wing members' volunteer hours is almost
31 immeasurable; and
32 WHEREAS, these "flying minutemen" of the Civil Air Patrol have, since the program's
33 inception, consistently provided this state with invaluable emergency services, aerospace
34 education, and cadet programs.
36 the members of this body recognize January 27, 2016, as Civil Air Patrol Day at the state capitol,
37 and commend the volunteers of the Civil Air Patrol for their service to the
38 citizens of Georgia.
39 BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Clerk of the House of Representatives is authorized
40 and directed to make appropriate copies of this resolution available for distribution to the
41 Georgia Wing of the Civil Air Patrol.
H. R. 1061


LC 109 0062

Senate Resolution 804
By: Senators Millar of the 40th, Thompson of the 14th, Jackson of the 24th, Heath of the
31st, Bethel of the 54th and others
1 Recognizing the Civil Air Patrol for their service to the citizens of Georgia; and for other
2 purposes.
3 WHEREAS, the Civil Air Patrol was founded on December 1, 1941, as an organization of
4 volunteers to assist the United States military in national defense by performing aerial coastal
5 patrols and emergency services within the continental United States; and
6 WHEREAS, in 1943, the capabilities of this new volunteer organization were recognized as
7 vital to national defense, and by Presidential Executive Order, the Civil Air Patrol was
8 assigned to the War Department and was subsequently chartered by Congress to perform
9 three distinct missions: emergency services, aerospace education, and cadet programs; and
10 WHEREAS, Civil Air Patrol air and ground teams perform over 90 percent of inland search


11 and rescue missions tasked by the Air Force Rescue Coordination Center with its 58,000
12 volunteers and 550 aircraft; and
13 WHEREAS, the Civil Air Patrol is celebrating 75 years of performing these "Missions for
14 America, " and its Chaplain Corps is celebrating its 65th year of providing "Spiritual
15 Service", and
16 WHEREAS, in 2015, Air Force Chief of Staff, General Mark A. Welsh announced that
17 Civil Air Patrol members are part of the United States Air Force's Total Force, joining the
18 ranks of the regular Air Force, Air National Guard, Air Force Reserve and Air Force retired
19 military and civilian employees; and
20 WHEREAS, the Georgia Wing of the Civil Air Patrol consists of nearly 1,900 volunteer
21 members in 34 squadrons and six groups located throughout this state; and
22 WHEREAS, Georgia Wing squadrons have been awarded the National Squadron of
23 Distinction in 2008 and 2009, the Southeast Region Squadron of Distinction in 2010, and
24 numerous other awards and citations for Counter Drug, Emergency Services, Cadet
25 Programs, and a National Commander's Citation for its support of Deep Water Horizon; and
26 WHEREAS, Georgia Wing members, as an intricate component of our national defense,
27 volunteer their services, time, and resources to actively support the Civil Air Patrol by

28 conducting missions in homeland security, disaster relief and emergency services, search and
29 rescue, counter drug, aerospace education, and cadet programs, as evidenced in 2015 by:
30 assisting FEMA photograph flood damage in in South Carolina, locating people in Georgia;
31 locating and silencing numerous activated distress beacons; conducting "Sundown Patrols"
32 in South Georgia; and conducting joint exercises with local emergency agencies throughout
33 Georgia while using its fully programmed and interoperable system of ground, mobile,
34 and airmobile based radios paired to a robust network of repeaters throughout the state; and
35 WHEREAS, Georgia Wing volunteers also supported the Governor's Task Force for Drug
36 Suppression with almost 400 hours of aerial support and other anti-drug efforts, and honored
37 more than 15,000 of Georgia's fallen soldiers through the Wreaths Across America initiative;
38 and
39 WHEREAS, the volunteers introduced hundreds of Georgia youth to aviation through the
40 flight orientation programs; and
41 WHEREAS, Georgia Cadets competed against cadets throughout the Southeast Region; and
42 leadership, aerospace, fitness, and character development education was provided to Cadets
43 at the Marine Corps Logistics Base in Albany, Georgia, while similar skill development
44 courses were given to adult members so that they can work with various emergency

45 jurisdictions throughout Georgia and the nation; and
46 WHEREAS, the estimated value of the Georgia Wing members' volunteer hours in 2014 was
47 over $5 million; and
48 WHEREAS, these "flying minutemen" of the Civil Air Patrol have, since their inception,
49 consistently provided this state with invaluable emergency services, aerospace education, and
50 cadet programs.
51 NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED BY THE SENATE that the members of this body
52 recognize the selfless contributions the volunteers of the Civil Air Patrol have made to the
53 State of Georgia.
54 BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Secretary of the Senate is authorized and directed
55 to make appropriate copies of this resolution available for distribution to the volunteers of
56 the Civil Air Patrol.

S. R. 804


Figure 18. Governor Deal's "Civil Air Patrol Day" Proclamation.


Robins AFB Museum of Aviation Civil Air Patrol History Display Dedication and Opening
On 3 December 2016, at the second largest museum in the Air Force, the Museum of
Aviation at Robins Air Force Base, a Civil Air Patrol history display was dedicated and opened
to the public as part of the celebration of CAP's 75th Anniversary Weekend. Representing the
Georgia Wing was Wing Vice Commander for Support and Georgia Wing Commander selectee
Lt Col Andrea Van Buren. As Robins AFB has a large Air National Guard presence, as well as
Air Force Reserve (Robins is Headquarters for the AF Reserve), as well as the base with the
largest number of AF civilian employees in the state, and the state's single largest employer, the
base has for many years had very decent displays at the museum recognizing the service of those
other AF components. With the inclusion of the CAP as part of the Air Force's "Total Force" so
near to the 75th Anniversary, museum personnel expressed an interest in creating a CAP display
similar in scope and appearance to that of other AF components. The display there is the result of
a collaborative effort of almost a year of work between various echelons of CAP, the U.S. Air
Force, the State of Georgia, Museum staff, and volunteers. While the general layout and concept
of the display was a project of the Georgia Wing History Staff, ALL the aforementioned people
made it happen, and ALL of them deserve credit for the hard work that they put into this project.
As this particular museum is located not very far off major North/South Interstate I-75, and
routinely has approximately 500,000 visitors annually, there is a potential over the next year that
up to a half million persons will see this display, located in the main "Eagle" Building, right next
to the popular Col Robert L. Scott "God Is My Copilot" display.


Figure 19. Museum of Aviation CAP History Display official opening and ribbon cutting, 3 December 2016.

Present for the ribbon cutting were a cross section of CAP, Air Force Reserve, Air National
Guard, AF Civilians, military retirees, and family members who all exemplified the "Total
Force". After the official opening ceremony and a subsequent question and answer session about
CAP history, the museum staff took the people who worked on this project and their families on
an exclusive "behind-the-scenes" tour (generally only granted to high ranking VIPs), where we
learned in detail from professional curators about restoration projects, and were offered simulator
time in the museum's high end simulators.



Unit Designation: Georgia Wing Headquarters Civil Air Patrol
Location: 800-A Dobbins Patrol Rd, Hangar 5, Room 2110, Dobbins ARB, GA 30069-4210
Higher Headquarters: Southeast Region Headquarters Civil Air Patrol
Commander: Col Richard Greenwood
Vice Commander: Lt Col Joseph Knight III
Chief of Staff: Lt Col Andrea Van Buren

Aircraft Assigned: 14 Corporate Aircraft, 2 Gliders
Awards and Decorations: Region Mission Award, GAWG Counterdrug for SER
1 National Commander's Citation
8 Unit Citation Awards


Public Affairs Officer

1st Lt Candace Serafin

Squadron Chaplain

Ch (Lt Col) Oscar Cope

Communications Officer

Capt Bennie McDonald

Professional Development Officer

Lt Col Patrick Zarnik

Cadet Programs Officer

Capt Carl Matthews

Property Manager

Capt Timothy Perry


Lt Col David Brown

Recruiting Officer

Capt Richard Saboda

Phase I Cadet of Year

Cadet Jason Rigo

Phase II Cadet of Year

Cadet McKenna G. White

Phase III Cadet of Year

Cadet Paul Hew

Col Ben Stone Phase IV Cadet

Cadet Daniel Ward

AFSA Cadet of Year

Cadet Michael J. Twitty

Senior Member of Year

Maj Jeffrey Garrett

Frank Brewer Lifetime Award

Lt Col Thomas Schmid

Frank Brewer Organization Award

FlightSafety Atlanta Learning Ctr

Squadron of Merit

Albany Composite Squadron

Unit Citation Award

Gwinnett Composite Squadron

Unit Citation Award

DeKalb Cadet Squadron


List of Georgia Wing Commanders and time of service
Winship Nunnally, Lt Col

1 Dec 1941

9 Oct 1945

Jesse L. Dobbins, Col

9 Oct 1945

30 Oct 1952

Lex D. Benton, Col

30 Oct 1952 3 Feb 1960

Robert L. O'Neil, Col

3 Feb 1960

Gordon W. Curtiss, Col

20 Oct 1961 3 Mar 1965

Theodore H. Limmer, Jr, Col

3 Mar 1965

James E. Carlton, Col

18 Oct 1968 8 Dec 1969

Harry M. Harkins, Col

8 Dec 1969

Raymond B. Mabrey, Col

15 Aug 1971 1 Jun 1973

20 Oct 1961

18 Oct 1968

15 Aug 1971

Winfield M. Baldwin, Jr, Lt Col 1 Jun 1973

7 Aug 1973

Richard A. Naldrett, Col

7 Aug 1973

14 Jan 1975

Lindsey V. Rice, Col

14 Jan 1975

7 Jun 1976

Leroy S. Riley, Col

7 Jun 1976

7 Nov 1978

Philip T. McLendon, Col

7 Nov 1978

31 Aug 1982

Ralph E. Grady, Lt Col

31 Aug 1982 8 Mar 1986

James A. Hyde, Jr, Col

8 Mar 1986

Larry R. Davidson, Col

16 Mar 1989 7 Jan 1991

Warren L. Crawford, Col

7 Jan 1991

Benjamin D. Grove, Col

23 Apr 1994 26 Apr 1997

Calvin C. Franklin, Jr, Col

26 Apr 1997 24 Mar 2001


16 Mar 1989

23 Apr 1994

Verne E. Fowler, Col

24 Mar 2001 11 Feb 2002

Charles D. Greene, Col

11 Feb 2002 20 Aug 2005

Lyle E. Letteer, Col

20 Aug 2005 29 Mar 2008

James W. Hughes, Col

29 Mar 2008 3 Nov 2009

Tonya Boylan, Col

3 Nov 2009

Richard J. Greenwood, Col

16 Apr 2013 8 Apr 2017

Andrea Van Buren, Col

8 Apr 2017


16 Apr 2013



The basis for the design is the Georgia State Flag and, therefore, symbolizes the
membership of the Wing and the state we serve. The three white stars represent the three
missions of Civil Air Patrol: Emergency Services, Aerospace Education, and Cadet Programs.
In heraldry the colors also have meaning. The colors in the emblem represent:
Red – Strength and Courage

White – Integrity and Wisdom
Blue – Devotion and Truth
Gold – Excellence and Honor
The emblem is in the shape of a shield and scroll which is traditional in Air Force
heraldry for groups and higher commands. The use of this shape for the emblem is to honor that
tradition and our parent service, the United States Air Force.
The basic design was submitted by Senior Member Jason Ellingson of the Middle
Georgia Senior Squadron.
The selection of the design was made by Col Tonya Boylan and a committee of Georgia
Wing members out of 20 designs that were submitted by GAWG members. The committee made
a few small changes to the original design. The design was approved for use by the Georgia
Wing on 24 March 2011 by Southeast Region Commander Col James Rushing. The new design
was presented to the membership of the Wing for the first time at the annual Georgia Wing
Conference on 9 April 2011.
(From a plaque on the wall of the Georgia Wing HQ Building at Dobbins Air Reserve Base).



As with any organization, the Georgia Wing did not just spontaneously spring into
existence from nothingness, but like a great oak with many branches and many roots that are a
part of the larger plant, the Georgia Wing shares a common heritage with preceding root
organizations, with some links of law and tradition that even now connect a modern Georgia
Wing with our predecessors of generations past. And following in the long-held historic tradition
that accepts that a Vermont Air National Guard unit can trace its unit history directly to a
Vermont colonial unit older not only than the Air Force (1947 National Security Act), the
National Guard (1902 Dick Act), or even the United States itself (1776 Declaration of
Independence and 1789 U.S. Constitution), this section of the historical report attempts to
explore a history viewed not only “up close” in detail but also zooming out to see the larger
picture to help provide a historical context. Just as USAF history also includes the Army Air
Forces before it, and the Army Air Corps, Army Air Service, and Signal Corps and so forth
before that to tell a more complete story, the history of a Wing would be less complete without
also exploring the larger historical context. No history occurs in a vacuum, but is always part of
a larger narrative. This is an attempt to explore a bit of that larger narrative to better understand
the organizations and people that walked the path before us.


Figure 20. General Sir James Edward Oglethorpe.


The story begins in the England of the early 1730s. General Sir James Edward
Oglethorpe approached the Crown about a request to establish a new colony of the British
Empire to serve as a buffer and defensive proprietorship located between the already established
British colony of South Carolina, and Spanish colony of Florida. It would be named “Georgia” in
honor of the reigning monarch of the time, His Royal Highness King George II. In order to
people the colony with worthwhile subjects, he and the other Trustees of the colony began
interviewing potential colonists, looking for carpenters, tailors, bakers, farmers, merchants, and
others with the skills necessary for the colony's success, exploration and effective use of the new
colony’s vast natural resources. Since the colony was, however, located in such relative
proximity to Spanish Florida, all able-bodied men aged “sixteen to sixty” were extensively
trained in the military arts by Sergeants of the Guard seconded from regiments of the British
Army, before ever setting foot on the ship headed to the new colony. In this manner, these men
could serve daily in their chosen vocation, but also stand ready to serve as a local auxiliary force
to help the few British Regulars defend the colony from attack by hostile forces. These citizensoldiers trained regularly alongside their Regular counterparts to hone their skills, to defend their
homes and families, and served as an effective auxiliary force and citizen militia, performing
ground patrols on foot to maintain the peace, and coastal patrols on horseback to keep an eye out
for Spanish ships attempting to land troops.
With the establishment of the colony’s first city, Savannah, in 1733, this citizen-militia
became more organized, and performed its first muster as an organized unit concurrent with the
founding of the city that year. Knowing that they had professionally trained citizen soldiers in
addition to a few scattered detachments of British Regulars provided for a level of stability that
allowed the colony to have a bit of breathing space to turn this previous wilderness area into a

home for the settlers, and the city of Savannah into the Province of Georgia’s first capitol. These

Figure 21. Georgia Provincial Companies.

citizen soldiers of the legally established provincial militia companies (as illustrated above in a
drawing found in Georgia state historical records) may have worn a variety of clothing, but they
all had one thing in common: the duty to protect the province from attack.


Figure 22. A private in Oglethorpe's 42nd Regiment
of Foot.

These citizens helping defend their province, along with recent recruited new settlers
from Scotland, were then further recruited into a newly raised regiment authorized by
Parliament. This new Regiment, known as the Oglethorpe’s 42nd Regiment of Foot, was raised in
Savannah in 1740. This newly formed unit was considered professional enough in its training
and capability that Parliament put the Regiment “on the Establishment” , i.e., considered it a
full-fledged regiment of the British Army. The founding of this regiment of Georgia citizens in
the service of their state is considered by many historians to be part of the beginning heritage of
what would later become both the Georgia State Guard and the Georgia National Guard.

This new unit saw its first “trial by fire” in 1742, when Spanish forces attempted to
invade Georgia. Spanish governor Don Manuel de Montiano commanded the invasion force,
which by some estimates totaled between 4500 and 5000 men. Of that number, roughly 1900 to
2000 were ground assault troops. Oglethorpe's forces, consisting of 42nd Regiment personnel,
militia, and native Indians, numbered fewer than 1000. Georgian forces fought with distinction

Figure 23. Battle of Bloody Marsh Memorial Plaque at battle site.

at the Battle of Gully Hole Creek, and the subsequent Battle of Bloody Marsh. As these troops
were defending not only their province, but their families and homes, they were able to
overcome these overwhelming odds. Though many Georgians lost their lives that day, they
eventually defeated the Spanish invaders. This battle blunted Spanish attempts at invasion of
Georgia and the other colonies by the Spanish, who were eventually pushed back almost to the
gates of St Augustine.


This provincial guard continued to serve and protect the citizens of Georgia through the
intervening decades as a Crown Colony, and when Georgia declared independence from Great
Britain, many units of Georgia’s citizen soldier militia took part in protecting Georgians once
again, but now as part of an officially established Georgia State Guard. As the new United States
was initially wary of having a large standing national army, this State Guard served as a state
military force, using the citizenry of the state as a personnel pool to perform missions necessary
for the maintenance of law, order, and peace in the state. Even now, in 2013, the state is legally
split into not only counties, but militia districts according to its territory and population
(Reference OCGA 32-2-1(a)) , and “all able-bodied male residents of the state between the ages
of 17 and 45 who are not serving in any force of the organized militia or who are not on the state
reserve list or the state retired list and who are, or who have declared their intention to become,
citizens of the United States” are considered to be part of the unorganized militia (reference
OCGA 38-2-3(d)). They are subject to callup by the Governor (under authority of OCGA 38-270) who may:
“(1) Order into active state service, recognize existing, or authorize the establishment of
organizations of the unorganized militia, of designated classes thereof, or of volunteers therefor,
as he may deem to be for the public interest;
(2) Prescribe for those organizations enumerated in paragraph (1) of this Code section such parts
of the regulations governing the organized militia as may be applicable thereto or establish such
regulations therefor, or both, as he may deem proper; and
(3) Provide for the separate organization of the unorganized militia and authorize the enlistment
in such organizations of persons volunteering for such service who are not otherwise subject to
military duty”.


Figure 24. (Above) Macon Guards, circa 1870. (Below) Wilkes Guards, circa 1890.


The Governor of Georgia, having been given such authority under law, has actually had
to use it a few times since Georgia’s founding. The War of 1812, War for Texas Independence,
American Civil War, the Indian Wars, Spanish-American War, and both World Wars saw the use
of state troops either as a primary military force or as a replacement for federalized forces. It
must be remembered that the National Guard in its current form did not even exist until passage
of the Dick Act by the U.S. Congress in 1902. Before that point, governors as chief executives of
their respective states exercised complete control over their own state forces, and after that point,
the Federally recognized units of the various state guards became what we now know as the
National Guard. Those units which were not so recognized remained as state-only forces. As
time went by many of these state forces were reduced in size to little more than a ceremonial
guard, or eliminated entirely in some states (especially during the financially austere days of the
Great Depression).
Georgia in the late 1930s was still recovering from the Great Depression. Although
economically in a better position than many of its neighboring states due to being even then a
major transportation, communications, and business hub, the state was not keen to spend an
undue amount of money for projects not specifically funded or allocated by legislative actions of
elected officials in Washington and Atlanta. But, situations going on outside Georgia’s borders
were about to change the lives of those 1940s Georgians and their descendants.


Figure 25. Governor E.D. Rivers.

In early 1940, Governor E. D. Rivers made a request of the American Legion's
membership in Georgia to, as a central part of the state's Civil Defense plans, help organize a
pool of unpaid civilian volunteers into a state military force and “home guard” to be known as
the Georgia Defense Corps, as initially Congressionally authorized under Federal Act ML 1939,
Sec. 1323, and as later amended by Act of Oct. 21, 1940 (Sec. 1, Bill No. 36, WD 1940). This
organization would fall under the Georgia Department of Public Safety, but was under command
of the Georgia Adjutant General. In June 1940 under authority of the same original act, Governor
Rivers by Executive Order officially designated the same Georgia Defense Corps to replace the
Georgia National Guard during Federal service. War was in full swing in Europe, and was not
going well for England and France. The Georgia National Guard, along with the Guards of the

neighboring states of North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee, comprised the 30th Infantry
Division, and rumors were strong the “Old Hickory” Division would soon be federalized.
The authorized strength for the Georgia State Defense Corps as of June 1940 was 6,000.
By 19 September 1940, only 45 of the authorized positions were not filled; 2,955 officers and
3,000 enlisted men had volunteered to serve. (By 1943 this number had increased to over 11,000
officers and enlisted). On 16 September 1940, the first elements of the Georgia National Guard
were federalized for one-year active duty. By November 1941 President Franklin D. Roosevelt
had placed the entire Georgia National Guard on active duty for one year. Few could have
forseen at that time that those Georgia National Guardsmen would be on active duty for five
years and many would never return home. In October 1940, just before the 1940 Gubernatorial
election, Governor Rivers addressed the unit commanders of the Georgia State Defense Corps by
saying, “I am very proud of the State Defense Corps and commend its members; our country has
had to fight for nearly everything we have attained, and we expect to uphold our traditions won
by fighting.”

In November 1940, Eugene Talmadge was elected Governor of Georgia for a third term,


Figure 26. Governor Eugene Talmadge.

replacing Ed Rivers. Talmadge had previously served two terms from 1933 to 1937. One of his
acts under his authority as Governor, as Commander-in-Chief of “the Army, the Navy, and the
militia thereof” of the State of Georgia was to reorganize and expand the mostly “infantry based”
Georgia Defense Corps into something much more extensive. His Proclamation issued 15 April
1941 renamed the Georgia Defense Corps the “Georgia State Defense Corps” and split it into 3
branches; the infantry-based Georgia State Guard , the MP-based Georgia Military Police, and
the Army Air Corps-based Air Patrol. The Georgia State Defense Corps was organized into 297
units, and designated by cities and towns and numbered 1 to 297; for example, Waycross Unit
No. 72” or “Atlanta Squadron 1”.

Figure 27. Major L.G. Mason and his staff of Atlanta Squadron 1 getting ready for an
airshow back in late spring 1941. Atlanta Squadron 1 still exists, as Civil Air Patrol
Squadron GA-003.


The Governor appointed Colonel Ryburn G. Clay as commander of the GSDC, and Lt. Col.
Winship Nunnally as commander of the Air Patrol of the GSDC. As the Air Division of the
GSDC, this Air Patrol unit was responsible for performing air missions for the State of Georgia,
in place of the absent Georgia National Guard air units.

Figure 28. Air Patrol members stand ready for inspection at McKinnon Field, St Simons Island, GA, May 1941. This location
would later become activated as Coastal Patrol Base 6.


Figure 29. Georgia Wing's first Wing Commander.

Colonel Nunnally was a well-known pilot and influential and powerful businessman of


1940s Georgia. A 1904 graduate of the University of Georgia (and later, Yale), George Winship

Figure 30. Winship Nunnally was president and son of the founder of this company.

Nunnally was born in Atlanta on 1 January 1885 to regionally-famous Nunnally Candy company
owner James Hilliard Nunnally and his wife Cora Winship Nunnally. He was a very competent
businessman, who in addition to helping make his father's business a household name across the
South, also rose through the corporate ranks to not only become president of his father's
company, but also to sit on the boards of such well known companies such as Delta Airlines,
Coca-Cola, and Trust Company of Georgia (now known as SunTrust). (One of his fellow board

members and friends was Herman Talmadge, who was a son of Governor Eugene Talmadge and
who served later Governor of Georgia in his own right). He was a very competent pilot who
learned to fly at Candler Field (the main Atlanta commercial airport of the 1920s through the war
years), whose son Winship Nunnally, Jr. was also a pilot who flew with the Royal Air Force and
RCAF prior to and during WW2. (Winship Nunnally Jr. also flew missions as a GAWG CAP
officer after the war).

Figure 31. Winship Nunnally, Jr.

The senior Winship Nunnally was also one of the major founders of the very exclusive
Tuxedo Park neighborhood (location of current Georgia Governor's Mansion) of the exclusive
Buckhead area in Atlanta, where the Nunnally House built in 1933 still stands off Valley Road.
He also had a summer home off Spalding Drive in Norcross, off the Chattahoochee River near
Holcomb Bridge Road, close to his neighbor General Lucius Clay (World War II and Cold War
military leader and architect of the Berlin Airlift). He was also an avid hunter, and traveled
around the southeast U.S. in more peaceful times as his work schedule and CAP duties allowed.

Figure 32. Winship Nunnally hunting in Homosassa Springs, Florida 1946

After the war, and later in his life he concentrated on his various business interests, and
was a multimillionare several times over by the time of his final departure from this world. Still,
his legacy lives on in the lives of many Georgians today, as he was a founding member of the
President’s Club at the University of Georgia (a organization dedicated to helping raise funds
from private donors to support the University’s programs), and 3.28 million dollars of his
extensive fortune were bequeathed to the University as “unrestricted funds” to help support a
variety of programs that state funding and tuition do not completely cover. Investment dividends
from that initial money he provided are still helping to more fully educate UGA students to this


It took a very long while, but Colonel Nunnally was finally recognized in an Enshrinement
Ceremony into the Georgia Aviation Hall of Fame, held at the Delta Airlines Museum located at
Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport in Atlanta, Georgia on 16 April 2016. Here are a few
detailed bullet points mentioned during the ceremony:
- He brought his business acumen to the development of the Aviation Industry in and around
- In 1929, he was a founding director of the Atlanta Aircraft Corporation, which produced the
first plane made in Atlanta.
- He was the Governor of the Georgia chapter of the National Aeronautics Association from
1931-1933, and was Vice President of the NAA’s 4th district in 1931.
- He helped to establish a separate Atlanta Chapter of the NAA in 1938.
- Under his leadership, the Aviation Committee of the Chamber of Commerce raised the number
of directions flown out of Atlanta's Candler Field (now Hartsfield -Jackson International Airport)
to a record 10 directions by winning routes extended air service into the Midwest and to the
Georgia coast. Routes won under his leadership include:
Atlanta to Knoxville, TN; Lexington KY; and Cincinnati, OH. (Delta)
Atlanta to St. Louis. (Eastern)
Atlanta to Savannah via existing route through Augusta. (Under Delta, Nunnally also
campaigned to extend the route all the way to Sea Island, GA.)


Atlanta to Pittsburgh. (Pennsylvania Central)
Atlanta to Birmingham. (Pennsylvania Central; Atlanta was a stop on the Pittsburgh-Birmingham
- In 1947, Winship Nunnally was elected as a Director for Delta Airlines.
-He has also participated in multiple committees and conferences to develop airports and air
traffic control on the national level.
- 1932-33- Participated in the Atlanta Committee appointed by the U.S. Department of
Commerce’s Aeronautics branch to report on Air Traffic Control. Each Committee was
responsible for:
Helping individual airports smooth traffic flow and improve safety
Assemble data on air traffic conditions including time spent approaching airports, time taxing to
unloading platforms, and time spent on the ground.
Use the data to contribute to the standardization of air field rules and signals.

- 1940- Hosted a Regional Airport Conference as the Chairman of the Chamber of Commerce’s
Aviation Commission Board.


- In 1941 he was chosen to organize and head the Georgia Wing of the Civil Air Patrol. He
served as Wing Commander under the National Civil Air Patrol organization from 1 December
1941 to 9 October 1945. As Wing Commander he streamlined enlistments, coordinated training
adult and teenage volunteers, and oversaw the merger of the CAP and the Air Patrol of the
Georgia State Guard. He also:
- Was one of the major leaders in the establishment of Coastal Patrol Base 6 at St Simons Island
from which the Civil Air Patrol pilots flew along the coast to escort merchant shipping, perform
rescue operations for civilian boating, and patrolling the Georgia coast for enemy submarines.
(Major Thomas Daniel, Base 6 Commander, had served with Colonel Nunnally in the Air
Service of the Georgia State Defense Corps, as Nunnally's Wing Adjutant in the pre-Air Patrol
days, and was selected as Coastal Patrol Base 6 Commander based largely upon Colonel
Nunnally's recommendation).
- When the CAP was moved from the Office of Civilian Defense to the War Department, he
began a recruitment campaign to bring in and train volunteers in more specialized fields,
including fire-fighting.
- In Spring of 1942 he sent planes to fly over fires in North Georgia and North Carolina and
assist the Forest Service in fighting them. Afterwards he oversaw the development of a special
fire-fighting unit. (Damage from this severe fire is still evident in the lack of "old growth" forest
in northern Georgia and southern North Carolina). (This was one reason that the Forest Patrol
was also a vital wartime mission coequal with Coastal Patrol and Target Towing).


With this induction ceremony, he joins two other former Georgia Wing CAP officers
previously inducted. This has been a long term project, including many hours of research at
various institutions of higher learning, state and corporate archives and lots of time spent by a
variety of professional historians and researchers, that many officers of the Wing took part in in
order to bring this about as part of the 75th Anniversary Celebration in Georgia. After review by
both professional historians and the governing board of the Georgia Aviation Hall of Fame, this
project finally became complete.


Figure 33. Georgia Defense Corps (Aviation Division) and GSDC Air Patrol pilot wings, 194041.

Initially the unpaid members of these three branches of the GSDC were scheduled to
wear the blue Civil Defense uniform as a duty uniform. Due to the a shortage of those type
uniforms, coupled with a ready availability of khaki cloth and uniforms being produced for the
U.S. and its allies, and in recognition of the military support nature of the duties assigned to these
members, these State Guardsmen, Georgia MPs, and Air Patrol members were granted the
privilege of wearing a distinctive uniform similar to that of their active duty, reserve, and
National Guard counterparts. The “U.S.” collar brass on all uniforms were replaced with “GA”,
and the piping on the overseas cap was replaced with distinctive red version. Georgia State
Guardsmen and Georgia Military Police wore the GSDC seal in place of grade insignia on the
overseas cap, and members of the Air Patrol wore a silver “prop and wings” insignia at the same
place on the cap. GMP Officers wore a distinctive campaign hat with a red cord and “Georgia
Military Police” identification in addition to the usual MP accoutrements associated with such
duty. Air Patrol officers fully qualified as pilots wore special distinctive pilot wings with “GA”
superimposed on them, and members of all three branches wore the Georgia State Defense Corps
patch on the left shoulder.


Figure 34. Georgia's first "Wing Patch".


On a trip through Georgia in June of 1941, aviation writer Gill Robb Wilson touted the
idea of a nationwide organization of pilots who could be of service in the inevitable conflict to
come. Drawing on the experiences of similar organization in other states, such as the Ohio Civil
Air Reserve, and the New Jersey Civil Air Defense Service, Wilson’s vision of one umbrella
organization that could work across state lines was very intriguing to several pilots in the state,
including Colonel Nunnally, who knew Wilson quite well from both men’s time in the National
Aeronautics Association. Colonel Nunnally realized that the coming conflict would touch the
lives of all his fellow Georgians in a way unknown since the Great War, necessitating the
blending of a patchwork of various state groups from around the country into one group under a
common command structure, with a common mission set. Likewise, the leadership of the
fledgling national-level Civil Air Patrol also saw the advantages of making use of preexisting
groups of trained pilots and other individuals that already existed at the state level in various U.S.
states. Indeed, it is a very great credit to such men as Gill Robb Wilson and General J.F. Curry
that they were able to so efficiently blend such diverse groups as the Ohio Civil Air Reserve, the
New Jersey Civil Air Defense Services, the Air Squadrons of the Florida Defense Force, and the
Air Patrol of the State of Georgia into one national Civil Air Patrol. In furtherance of that
blending process, Colonel Nunnally was invited for a meeting with General J.F. Curry in
September of 1941 to discuss the matter further, and when Wilson and Curry’s vision of a
national level Civil Air Patrol became a reality on 1 December 1941, it was Colonel Nunnally
who was the appointed leader at the helm of what was now known as the Georgia Wing Civil Air


Figure 35. Air Patrol members, Spring 1941


Since the Air Patrol of the State of Georgia already had a uniform dating from its days as
the Aviation Division of the Georgia State Guard, and later the separate Air Patrol pre-1
December 1941, it was very common for those early Georgia Wing CAP members to convert
their khaki uniforms (bought by the members or from funds provided by their home
cities/counties) over to the standard CAP uniform of the war years. With the replacement of the
Georgia State Defense Corps shoulder patch on most uniforms with the familiar “prop and
triangle” CAP patch, and the replacement of the “GA” collar brass with “C.A.P.”, these members
were now in uniform and ready for serve not only their state, but their nation. The State of
Georgia then, (as now, with a law still on the books today) under OCGA 38-2-275, is very
restrictive on wear of military-style uniforms. It states:
“38-2-275. Unlawful wearing of uniforms and devices indicating rank; penalty
(a) It shall be unlawful for any person except members of components of the armed forces of the
United States, members of the organized militia of this or any other state, members of
associations wholly composed of persons honorably discharged from the armed forces of the
United States, and members of associations wholly composed of children of veterans of any war
of the United States to wear any uniform or any device, strap, knot, or insignia of any design or
character used as a designation of grade, rank, or office such as are by law or by regulation, duly
promulgated, prescribed for the use of the organized militia or similar thereto, provided that this
Code section shall not apply to cadets of military schools, the Boy Scouts of America, or to
persons wearing on the stage any such uniform at theatrical or like performances.
(b) Any person violating subsection (a) of this Code section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.”


There is also a related bit of Georgia code that covers support for organized military-style groups
in the state of Georgia (also still on the books) that had an effect on the wartime Georgia Wing,
specifically OCGA 38-2-277, which states:
“ 38-2-277. Unauthorized military bodies prohibited; exceptions; support by counties or cities
prohibited; penalty for membership
(a) No body of men other than the organized militia, components of the armed forces of the
United States, and bodies of the police and state constabulary and such other organizations as
may be formed under this chapter shall associate themselves together as a military unit or parade
or demonstrate in public with firearms.
(b) Associations wholly comprised of military personnel honorably discharged from the service
of the United States and benevolent and secret organizations may parade in public with swords.
Students in educational institutions where military science is a prescribed part of the course of
instruction may drill or parade with firearms in public under the supervision of their instructors.
This Code section shall not be construed to prevent parades in public with firearms by authorized
organizations of the organized militia of any other state.
(c) No political subdivision of this state shall raise or appropriate any money toward arming,
equipping, uniforming, or in any other way supporting, sustaining, or providing drill rooms or
armories for any such unauthorized organizations.


(d) Any person who actively participates in an unauthorized military organization or who
parades with any unauthorized body of men as set forth in subsection (a) of this Code section
shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.”
As the State of Georgia at the time considered the wartime Georgia Wing CAP at least nominally
to fall under the allowed organization list in both OCGA 38-2-275 (a) and 38-2-277 (a) because
of its roots in the predecessor Georgia State Guard Air Division and later Air Patrol (albeit, as
members of an authorized state force called to Federal service first under the Office of Civil
Defense, and later as an Auxiliary of the Army Air Forces), Georgia Wing members were now
allowed to wear a distinctive variant of the Army Air Forces uniform that was not too different
from the one they were wearing previously. The State of Georgia did, however, insist that
GAWG members continue to wear the Georgia State Defense Corps patch on some uniform
items (such as flying clothing) so Georgia National Guard officers (and members of other State
of Georgia government entities) who provided oversight of GAWG CAP (much as CAP-USAF
does now) could identify Georgia personnel. In fact, it would not be until 27 November 1950, in
preparation for expected wear of a variant of the “new” Air Force Blue uniform by Civil Air
Patrol members, that that patch was officially replaced with a new design.


Figure 36. New patch for the new AF style uniform.

Figure 37. Georgia Wing Commander Lt Col Winship Nunnally, Atlanta Squadron 1 Commander Major L.G Mason, and
acting National Commander Col Harry H. Blee inspecting the CAP unit at Albany Municipal Airport in 1942. Please note
the Georgia State Defense Corps patch on the flight jackets.


Shortly after the activation of the Georgia Wing Civil Air Patrol under the U.S. Office of
Civil Defense and General Curry on 1 December 1941, the other elements that had been
functioning under the Georgia State Defense Corps were called to duty by proclamation of
Governor Talmadge on 10 December 1941 (just 3 days after the Japanese attack on Pearl
Harbor), and placed under command of Brigadier General Omar Bradley, who was Commanding
General of Georgia’s Fort Benning at the time. To fulfill their role in the defense of Georgia,
GSDC personnel were placed at vital points throughout the state, including all waterworks,
power plants, and big power dams, as well as all railroad bridges, airports and broadcasting
stations in Georgia. Also, the state began issuing obsolete but still fully functional firearms still
stored in the state armories to personnel operating under the GSDC umbrella. According to
Colonel Gene Lowry of the Georgia State Defense Force (in an interview conducted in 1991 by
Georgia State Defense Force Command Historian Colonel Richard Elwell) of Lowry’s original
unit he joined back when he was an 18 year-old high school senior during the war : “Our
weapons consisted of 12-guage shotguns, single barrel with plastic stocks . . . then we were
issued new weapons, the old British Eddystone Enfield, .30 caliber that must have weighed 15
pounds, also one Thompson .45 caliber Sub-machine gun and one .45 caliber Revolver”. As the
ground units were organized in a similar manner to the infantry and military police, the unit
officers were issued the pistols, a designated specialist (usually a combat veteran of the Great
War) would be issued the Thompson submachine gun, and the regular enlisted troops of the
GSDC would have been issued the Enfield rifles. The British Enfield rifle in question would
have been the M1917 Enfield Rifle design produced as 30.06 caliber variant of the “Pattern 14”
.303 caliber Enfield Rifle. It was the standard infantry rifle of the Georgia National Guard during
the Great War, and was used by second-line units of volunteers, such as the British Home Guard


and several state forces well throughout the Second World War. (If the reader is a fan of the
classic BBC television show “Dad’s Army”, which was shown on Atlanta’s WPBA 30 Georgia
Public Television Station many times in the past, it is the same model of rifle carried by the
members of Captain Mainwaring’s “Walmington-On-Sea” platoon on the show).

Figure 38. M1917 Enfield rifle, based on the British Pattern 14 Rifle.

The rifle used a modified Mauser turn-bolt action, and weighed about 15 lbs counting the
bayonet, sling, oiler, and ammunition. It had a length of 3 feet and 11.25 inches, with a barrel
length of 26 inches. It had a muzzle velocity of 2,800 ft/s (with Cartridge .30 M2 Ball
ammunition). It had an effective firing range of 600 yards, and a maximum firing range of
5,500 yd (with .30 M1 Ball cartridge). It was fed from an internal 6-round magazine, and could
be reloaded relatively quickly using a 5-round clip. Over the years it has been used as a drill rifle
by various cadet organizations (including both ROTC and the Civil Air Patrol Cadet Program),
and the Danish Slædepatruljen Sirius still use the M1917 as a service weapon due to high


reliably of bolt-action rifles in harsh conditions. It is also used by some hunters as a rugged and
reliable hunting rifle for large game such as mountain lions, bears, elk, and deer.
The efficacy and necessity of issuing armaments to members of the GSDC and its
affiliated forces during the early days of World War II was proven by actions very early in the
war. For Georgians, especially in coastal areas, the war was not something “far away” across the
ocean, but was something they could see and hear for themselves. Almost nightly, sinking ships
could be seen burning off the coasts near the major ports of Savannah and Brunswick, with
remains of the content of those ships washing up upon Georgia shores a few days later. While
there were regular and reserve military assets of the Army and Navy available, and even some
fixed Coastal Artillery positions (such as the one on Tybee Island once commanded by a young
Lt Col named George C. Marshall), most of those consisted of training or logistical support
facilities such as Camp Benning in Columbus, Camp Currahee in Toccoa, Camp Stewart in
Hinesville, a couple of Royal Air Force training bases in Albany and Macon, Robins Field in
Warner Robins, Moody Field in Valdosta, Chatham Field in Savannah, Marietta Field in
Marietta, and NAS Atlanta in Chamblee. Only two facilities, Hunter Field in Savannah and NAS
Glynco were specifically set up to serve as antisubmarine combat bases early in the war, and the
Glynco installation was set up with a large part of its facility dedicated to the use of Navy blimps
as antisubmarine sighting platforms. They did what they could to help defend our coastlines, but
antisubmarine warfare dedicated bases were few and far between, and enemy U-boats could
often quickly sink a boat loaded with war materiel and be out of the area before Army or Navy
antisubmarine assets could arrive to engage the enemy. These U-boats were able to operate with
such impunity early in the war, that one even managed on 8 April 1942 to surface and rake part
of the port of Brunswick with machinegun fire, then escape back out to sea unharmed before

Army or Navy bombers could engage them. Also, not only were those German U-boats wreaking
havoc on coastal shipping in the manner of conventional warfare, but they were apparently
attempting to come ashore to drop off spies and saboteurs as well. A German spy was caught by
the FBI at Jekyll Island attempting to note locations and movements of several very well-to-do
industrialists who had winter homes on this island, plus Cumberland and Sea Island (in
preparation for a German plan to assassinate them to disrupt the war effort), and U-boat crews
were caught landing personnel in civilian clothes on a small island called Horse’s Head north of
Sapelo Island.

Figure 39. Georgia State Guard troops, ready to protect vital state facilities.


In response to the earlier actions by hostile forces, the Georgia State Guard put every
available member of their ground forces from the 8 State Guard Districts around Brunswick on
shore patrol duty. The state guard also after this expanded their forces into a maritime patrol role,
and established a State Guard Volunteer Navy (consisting of various yachts and other small craft
pressed into service as extra “eyes and ears” to monitor and patrol Georgia’s coastal waters). In
order to placate those who at the time were saying that these were just “civilians” who had no
business conducting a private war against America’s enemies, the State of Georgia even paid a
lease fee of $1 per vessel/aircraft per day to the legal owners of the surface vessels used by the
Volunteer Navy, and to the legal owners of the aircraft flown by Civil Air Patrol so that these
vessels and aircraft would legally be considered government vessels/aircraft. And , as the
personnel were part of a Federally authorized, legally armed, militarily-uniformed force using
government-leased conveyance and military-issued weapons to conduct patrol operations,
functioning under the direction of a military chain-of-command (Army General Omar Bradley
for the Georgia State Guard effective 10 December 1941, and Army Air Forces General John F.
Curry effective 8 December 1941), all requirements under Annex IV of the Hague Convention
of 1907 (of which both the United States and Germany were signatories) for status as “legal
belligerents” under the Laws of War were met.
In spite of all these conditions being met, some persons at the time still argued that since all
those personnel operated in place of the mostly absent foreign-deployed National Guard troops,


and were not actually members of the National Guard during their period of service in CAP or
the Georgia State Guard, that they were still “just civilians playing military”. Three separate
contemporary bits of evidence refute the conclusions of those who said such things at the time.
Please consider the following.
1) These members were ordered to seek out and destroy the enemy. AAF Antisubmarine
Command Instruction No. 1, Nov. 27, 1942. charged coastal patrol units: ” To patrol
coastal shipping lanes as directed during daylight hours for the purpose of protecting
friendly shipping and of locating and reporting enemy submarines, enemy warships, or
suspicious craft, and to take action as equipment permits in destruction of enemy
submarines; to conduct such special antisubmarine missions as are directed by
headquarters, Army Air Force Antisubmarine Command.”
2) This small group (including CAP members assigned to Coastal Patrol duties) took the
same oath of enlistment as other military members.
3) They were considered civilians at the Federal government level until a May 8, 1942
Army Judge Advocate General Opinion (SPJW 373.1) said coastal patrol units: “are
accompanying or serving with the Army of the United States in the field, and that under
the provisions of Article of War 2(d) they are amenable to military discipline and subject
to the jurisdiction of military courts.”


Figure 40. Coastal Patrol Base 6 Base Commander Major Thomas H. Daniel.

When it was established that CAP members could act as belligerents towards the U-Boat
menace operating off the Eastern seaboard, Civil Air Patrol went about the establishment of a
system of Coastal Patrol bases all the way from “Bar Harbor to Brownsville”. Partially because
of the proximity to the Port of Brunswick, and partially because there had already been a prewar
Air Patrol unit at the location, McKinnon Airport on St Simons Island seemed to be the logical


Figure 41. McKinnon Field circa 1938.


Figure 42. GSDC Air Patrol emblem mandated by Governor Talmadge to indicate aircraft in
government service.


Figure 43. Maj Daniel's Bellanca at Coastal Patrol Base 6. Note Georgia Air Patrol emblem in addition to era CAP markings.

choice. Also, it didn’t hurt that the airport had an exterior guard of armed Georgia State Guard
ground forces to complement the Base interior guard of CAP Guards, as well as the rescue boats
of the State Guard Volunteer Navy. On 12 May 1942, National Headquarters Civil Air Patrol
established CAP Coastal Patrol Base 6 at the location, and appointed Major Thomas H. Daniel as
Base Commander.

Major Thomas H. Daniel, (CAP ID 4-2-36) was born 27 January 1909 in Atlanta,
Georgia. He attended Culver Military Academy, Oglethorpe University, and completed his postgraduate degree in business and insurance at New York University. He was an extremely
competent pilot, a natural leader skilled in the military arts, and a “lead-from-the-front” type of

officer. Like Georgia Wing Commander Winship Nunnally, he began his CAP career as an
officer in the Aviation Branch of the Georgia State Guard, then the Air Patrol of the State of
Georgia, and finally in the Georgia Wing Civil Air Patrol post-1 December 1941. He knew
Colonel Nunnally personally, and had served as an officer directly under Nunnally’s command at
every stage of his career up till assuming command of Coastal Patrol Base 6. Under his
leadership, the Base became one of the best equipped and provisioned Coastal Patrol Bases on
the Atlantic seaboard. With the help of the Commanding General of Fort McPherson, Major
General Eric Fisher Wood, (who had to come see CAP operations at the base firsthand), the base
was provided with 3 large portable buildings (for use as a Briefing/Ops, Engineering, and Mess
Hall), as well as 2 staff cars, 4 Jeeps, several 2 ton 6-wheel 4-wheel-drive trucks, and a larger
truck to be used at the base ammo dump. When the U.S. Navy tried to take over part of the base
as a training field for F4F training, he established a rapport with the USN CO, Commander
William Daniel Thomas, that allowed priority operations for armed CAP Coastal Patrol flights.
While the Naval aviators initially made fun of these CAP flyers with their red shoulder straps,
they developed a newfound respect for the CAP pilots after a couple of those Naval aviators
crashed in the sea, and CAP pilots flew out in bad weather to find those aviators, staying on
station until rescue boats of the State Guard Volunteer Navy could arrive to return them safely to
shore. After the successful completion of the Coastal Patrol mission along the Atlantic, Major
Thomas Daniel was asked by CAP National Commander Earle L. Johnson to continue his
outstanding work as a CAP officer at the Southern Liaison Patrol Base at El Paso, TX.


Figure 44. Coastal Patrol Base 6 pilot on patrol in 1942.


Figure 45. GAWG Commander Lt Col Nunnally inspecting CP Base 6, 1942.


Since there was, in fact a war on, everyone in uniform had to work together to help keep
the state and nation safe, including training together to be of more effective use in the defense of
the nation, and as a force multiplier. The Georgia State Guard, as the primary state resource for
helping in ground defense in place of the activated Georgia National Guard units, was
responsible for training other state forces in weapons familiarization and ground defense. Below
is a photo from 1942 of Georgia State Guard members training Georgia Wing CAP members in

Figure 46. GAWG marksmanship training by Georgia State Guard in 1942.

Of course, in return, the Georgia Wing CAP also assisted the Georgia State Guard with training
as well, as this 1942 article from the Augusta (Georgia) Chronicle newspaper indicates.


Figure 47. CAP assists Georgia State Guard with
training in 1942.


Of course, the Georgia Wing performed other duties during the war, such as tow-target
duties at the CAP Tow-Target Base in Albany, GA, and forest patrol duties in the heavilywooded area of the Forest Patrol Base at Rome, Georgia. In addition, they helped the Army Air
Forces with recruiting Aviation Cadets. Below is a 1943 picture of a recruiting event held in
Savannah. Mayor Thomas Gamble is 5th from the left, and Capt S. E. Perkins, commanding
officer of the local Civil Air Patrol unit, is 4th from the left.

Figure 48. CAP assists with recruiting Army Aviation cadets, Savannah 1943.


Figure 49. GAWG Ground Team responds to "victim" during a SAREX in 1942.

In addition to those wartime-type missions, Georgia Wing Civil Air Patrol members responded
in wartime disaster relief missions and missions searching for lost aircraft not very much
different from what might be encountered in more modern times, in addition to practicing for the
same. Here is a photo of GAWG members training for response to practice “victims” of an
aircraft crash during a practice mission during the war.
One should remember that the Georgia Wing can trace its history back to military roots,
meaning that close order drill was also a part of the training curriculum. Aside from the fact that
it presented a good example to the Cadet members of the Wing, it also emphasized the more
military nature of the early Georgia Wing. Here is a photo taken somewhere in central Georgia
earlier in the war, of some members of the Wing participating in drill as part of an exhibition on
behalf of the public during the war.


Figure 50. Opening day of the joint Georgia State Guard and Air Patrol Forest Patrol Base in Rome, Georgia in early 1942.


Overall, Georgia Wing was one of the more successful Wings in the nation, and the
service of its members drew high praise from both the State and Federal Governments. In
recognition of the nature of the service of those early members, the War Department awarded
824 Air Medals to Civil Air Patrol members. (In fact, the first 2 Air Medals ever awarded to
members of any branch of the Armed Services were awarded to Civil Air Patrol members
involved the Coastal Patrol mission). The Air medal was established for use by all branches of
the US Military establishment on 11 May 1942. Basis for its initial establishment was Executive
order 8158 dated 11 May 1942(Section III, Bulletin 49, War Department, 1942), as amended by
executive Order 9242-A of 11 September 1942 (Section III, Bulletin 49, War Department, 1942),
and further amended by the National Security Act of 1947. It is awarded to any member of the
Armed Forces of the United States for qualifying service after 8 September 1939. It is a combat
or non-combat award awarded to individuals “who have distinguished themselves by meritorious
achievement while participating in aerial flight.'' It may be conferred in recognition of either
single meritorious actions, or for sustained operations against armed enemies of the United
States. It was designed by Walter H. Hancock, and is in the form of a 16-point sculptured bronze
compass rose. The obverse depicts an American Bald Eagle volant in an attitude of attack,
gripping flashes of lightning in its talons, centered in the compass rose. A suspension ring is
attached to the medal making use of a fleur-de-lis. Passed through the suspension ring is a ribbon
of medium blue with narrow golden-orange stripes on either side. The reverse contains a raised
disk, often left blank at the manufacturing stage to allow engraving of the medal recipient's
name. Awards presented to CAP members were uniquely engraved, and bore the typical
inscription ''(Name), (Member's grade), Civil Air Patrol Active Duty, 1942-43''.


Figure 51. The Air Medal (front view).


Figure 53. Back view of an Air
Medal awarded to a CAP member
in recognition of his wartime

Figure 52. Citation accompanying award of the above
listed Air Medal.


In addition to the award of the Air Medal, many Civil Air Patrol members who served in
various wartime missions such as armed Coastal Patrols, Tow-Target, and Southern Liaison
Patrol were also recognized by the newly-established United States Air Force in the late 1940s
by the awarding of Certificates of Honorable Service (Belligerent) to confirm the status of those
early CAP members as “lawful combatants” under both U.S. and international law. These
certificates served as proof to those who might deride the nature of the wartime service of those
early members as “wannabes playing army”, that the nature of the service of those members was
definitely combatant, performed under the direction of a branch of the Armed Services, and was
done under full color of law.

Figure 54. Belligerency Certificate issued to CAP members by the USAF.


Figure 55. NHQ memo to accompany Certificate of Honorable Service.


Unfortunately, due to the inherently dangerous nature of wartime duties, not every one of
those early Civil Air Patrol servicemembers managed to make it back to their families alive.
While even the loss of one life in the line of duty is a tragedy that should be avoided, it happens
in wartime, and so the War Department made an honest effort to provide a visual item that the
families of some of those members who lost loved ones in the service of their country with CAP
could display. The “Gold Star Banner” is traditionally provided to families of those who die in
the service of the United States Armed Services, and since CAP fell under the Army Air Forces,
the War Department came out with a banner for the next-of-kin of those members as well.


Figure 56. Gold Star Banner for fallen CAP members.

With the victory over the Axis forces in 1945, and thus the end of the war, U.S. military
forces that had been stationed overseas began returning home in large numbers. Because of this,
the vital wartime missions of organizations such the Civil Air Patrol, the Georgia State Guard,
and other similar groups around the country were not so urgently needed as before. In Georgia
with the return of the National Guard, the Georgia State Guard quietly returned their Enfield
rifles, Thompson submachineguns, and combat shotguns back to the state arms rooms from
where the state initially issued them, in preparation for that organization’s return to a less
“combat oriented” and more ceremonial mission. Likewise, the Civil Air Patrol returned any
unused Coastal Patrol use AN/M-30 100-lb bombs, issued M1911 .45 Colt Automatic Pistols,
.38 revolvers, and issued rifles back to the Army.

Figure 57. Army Issue Colt M1911 of type issued to CAP Coastal Patrol personnel.


Figure 59. Captain James P Knott and CP Base 6 clerk Laura Jane McClain in Base Operations, 1943. Note .45 pistol on
pistol belt.

Figure 58. Armed CP Base 6 CAP aircraft being fueled up for antisubmarine mission - 1943.


Figure 60. 100-lb bomb of type carried by CAP aircraft during the war.


Figure 61. B-7 Bomb shackle the Army used to mount bombs to aircraft used on CAP Coastal Patrol

Since CAP had been serving as an armed auxiliary of the Army Air Forces, and had in fact
engaged enemy forces in armed combat during the Second World War, there was an attempt by
Congress towards the end of the war and immediate postwar era to formally grant veterans status
to CAP members who performed such duty. In a speech to the U.S. Senate on 21 November
1944, Senator Robert Reynolds of North Carolina said of the Civil Air Patrol: “The veterans of
the CAP volunteered for one thing and were commanded to do another by the War Department,
but because of their original intentions, there exists an opinion in high places that they are just
civilians like many that watched for forest fires or spotted airplanes. Unlike many other civilian
organizations which performed admirably, these veterans not only performed their civilian
functions, but were further commanded to seek out and attack an armed enemy and to engage
him in mortal combat. Upon being commanded to engage the enemy, these men ceased to be

civilians and became combat troops…. These veterans of the CAP were instructed carefully
about prescribed uniform insignia, because in the event of capture by the enemy they would be
treated as soldiers only if such insignia were properly displayed. This would not indicate a status
of either civilians or guerrillas according to concepts of international law. There is one and only
one answer to their status; that is, they were soldiers of the United States, and as such they are
entitled to all rights and privileges pertaining thereto. Regardless of the original intentions …
these men were by command of constituted authority made combat troops and so used in the
conduct of this war.... To deny these men veteran’s status on the grounds of establishing a
precedent for others to seek similar status is a denial not based on justice nor even practical
considerations. These men are comparatively few in number and regardless of deaths, wounds,
injuries, or personal sacrifice in line of duty, these men were made combatants not by choice of
their own, but by command of the War Department…. These men did not question the right of
the War Department to make them combat troops; now who has the right to question whether or
not they were soldiers?” An additional attempt was made in 1945 to award veteran’s status to
Civil Air Patrol via House Bill #2149 and Senate Bill #381. While both bills failed, it was not
due to the fact that Congress did not feel that CAP members did not deserve such recognition; to
the contrary, a reading of the Congressional Record of the time indicated strong feelings by a
majority of the members of Congress in support of the concept of CAP members involved in
such wartime missions being granted veteran’s status. It was due to arguments that granting such
status to deserving groups such as CAP would “open the floodgates for every civilian group
including the Women’s Airforce Service Pilots and Merchant Marine” to be able to claim such
status. (It is a bit of historical irony that in more recent years, BOTH of those other organizations
were officially granted veteran’s status, but CAP still has not as of the writing of this report).


Some of the few remaining combat veterans of those days still hold out hope that this historical
oversight might be corrected by Congress while at least a few of those individuals still remain
alive. In the meanwhile, at least Congress did a VERY presigious honor of the memory of the
service of all those who survived, and sacrifice of those who died (26 on Coastal Patrol, 7 in
Tow-Target and Tracking, 6 in Courier Service, and 2 in Southern Liaison Patrol) with a VERY
well-deserved Congressional Gold Medal, much as they did for the Tuskegee Airmen, and the
Doolittle Raiders.

Figure 62. CAP Coastal Patrol Base 6 aircrew returning from a patrol mission - St Simons Island, GA - 1943.


While Congress didn’t quite give those early members the full recognition that many felt
their service deserved, they did take steps to help keep the Civil Air Patrol a viable organization
in the postwar era. This was very important, as many previous wartime organizations, such as the
WASPS were being retired or disbanded. Even the Georgia State Guard was being reduced to
little more than a ceremonial honor guard, with its last active member mustering out in 1951.
Keeping in mind the outstanding accomplishments of the wartime CAP, and being mindful of a
continuing need for trained personnel for missions such as search-and-rescue, Congress passed a
few laws that preserved CAP as a organization. On 1 July 1946, President Harry S. Truman
signed Public Law 79-476, incorporating the Civil Air Patrol. Less than two years later, Truman
signed Public Law 80-557 on 26 May 1948, establishing the Civil Air Patrol as the civilian
auxiliary of the new United States Air Force.
The war had transformed Georgia in ways that would have been unforeseen only a
generation earlier. With the large number of training airfields left over from the war, and a huge
number of pilots recently having been returned to civilian life in Georgia, the state became a
virtual Mecca of civil aviation during the postwar period. A majority of Georgia’s 159 counties
had at least one general aviation airport, and every major city in the state had an airport capable
of supporting regional airline-type aircraft. This in turn led to a boom in economic development
in the state, and eventually to Atlanta becoming the home of the world’s busiest airport. (It is no
coincidence that such a major intersection of a “highway in the sky” is located in the state that
Forbes magazine has listed as the “best state for business” for the past 2 years running).
Of course, statistics have a way of catching up with reality, and an increase in air traffic
also tends to lead to an increase in aircraft accidents. Even though, statistically speaking, air
travel is absolutely the safest method of travel, accidents do occasionally occur. Just as with fires


in most rural areas of Georgia that occur sporadically enough that a Volunteer Fire Brigade
composed mostly of trained local citizens is usually enough a majority of the time to protect
homes and property from fire damage, a trained group of “Air Search” specialist volunteers serve
a similar function within the state. Keep in mind that Georgia is a “home rule” state (Reference:
Georgia Constitution, Article IX, Section II), meaning that the local government jurisdiction has
complete control of all civil emergency response within its borders, which means that any state
or other resources/agencies must specifically be invited to participate in the response. Since only
the largest cities in the state have the funding to support a paid 24/7/365 aviation response, the
rest of the state depends on their closest equivalent volunteer group of trained pilots, observers,
communicators, and other specialist responders. Back in the day this group (founded initially as a
state group and volunteer response agency) was known as the Georgia State Guard Aviation
Division. Later, it became the Air Patrol of the State of Georgia. Later, out of wartime necessity
requiring a larger response than any one state could respond to, that organization became (like
similar organizations in many other states) a Wing of the national Civil Air Patrol. This
organization still exists, and is still responding to mission requests (as a mostly Federal
instrumentality but occasionally still responding as a quasi-state entity when requested as a costeffective force-multiplier for some missions for the state in furtherance of various MOUs). (Even
Florida Wing was concurrently known as the “Florida Defense Force” during the war years if
official communiqués from the Army Air Forces Interceptor Command can be considered a
reputable source, so there is some precedence for this).



Figure 63. AAF Interceptor Command memo - 1942.

That would not be inconsistent with a discussion that the author had several years ago
with a Colonel George Graves, CAP's National Legal Officer. It should be prefaced that the
author had known and worked with Colonel Graves both within and outside CAP, and was well
aware of his qualifications. In addition to being a retired member of the Air Force Judge
Advocate Corps as well as a retired USAF Lt Col, and a currently serving lawyer at the time,
Colonel Graves was also an ardent student of Civil Air Patrol history from a legal standpoint,
and was probably one of the foremost experts in that field in the entire organization during his
time initially as the Georgia Wing Legal Officer, and later National Legal Officer. In any case,
while serving on staff with Col. Graves at an activity, the author asked about the military status
of CAP members when performing duties at various levels. Having been a former cadet who had
heard the “we are just civilians” versus “we are not exactly civilians but not exactly military
either” differences of opinion ever since his early cadet days, it was worthwhile for the author to
actually hear the opinion of one of CAP's best legal minds on the subject. What he said (based on
years of his own legal research on both the Air Force and CAP side), was “enlightening” to say
the least. His answer was as follows: “CAP members are absolutely civilians, as far as the
Federal Government is concerned. When performing Air Force missions under an AF mission
number, CAP members are, under current Federal Laws, still civilians. Under state law,
however, that MAY not always be the case. Since CAP in Georgia came from the State Guard
in 1940, and the modern Georgia State Defense Force is the lineal descendant of that
organization; if the GSDF is considered military at the STATE level when performing mission
for the State of Georgia then so is CAP. The names may have changed, and they both evolved to


perform different missions, but they still come from the same source. If one of them is
considered military when performing a mission for the State of Georgia, then they both are; if
one is civilian at the state level, then so is the other. The two are linked by both history and law,
and have the same legal status when performing state missions.”. Of course, while the author has
always had the utmost respect for Col. Graves, he might not agree with his view on the subject
100% (and unlike Col. Graves, is not a lawyer), and feels that the answer to that question is still
best left up to those who are. Still, many things that the author has come across from multiple
sources in the process of acquiring knowledge for inclusion in this report does seem to support
the opinion that GAWG CAP did, in fact, begin its existence as an aviation division of the
Georgia State Guard. Still, the fact that all GAWG vehicles are required to have Georgia State
Government car tags affixed to them in the same manner as all other state government entities
(as required under OCGA 40-2-37), and the Georgia Department of Revenue considers GAWG
CAP tax exempt on Department of Revenue Form ST-5 under Exemption Method 4 (“For use by
Federal Government, State of Georgia, or any county or municipality of the state”), there may be
some merit to his opinion. Of course, under Georgia law (specifically OCGA 38-2-3, section (b),
subsections 1-3) that states that “the organized militia shall be composed of (1) The Army
National Guard and the Air National Guard, (2) The Georgia Naval Militia, and (3) The Georgia
State Defense Force”, so if his stated point of view is correct, then it is possible that (albeit,
ONLY when being used as a STATE resource on a STATE mission in CAP’s case, rather than
100% of the time in the GSDF’s case) there may be some circumstances where some CAP
members performing certain mission profiles might be considered to fall under “organized
militia” much as both the Army and Air National Guards and Georgia State Defense Force do
when functioning under U.S. Code Title 32 (State) status.


Based upon this tenuous (but still legal) link based upon a shared history and heritage, the
State of Georgia has chosen for several decades to treat the Georgia Wing CAP as a state
military unit for certain purposes. One of the more notable examples of such honors bestowed
upon CAP is the inclusion of a Georgia Wing unit flag of the “Civil Air Patrol 2ND Atlanta
Squadron” in its collection of flags of Georgia military units that have served the state since

Figure 64. GAWG CAP unit flag from the Georgia State Capitol military unit flag collection.

The author remembers seeing this very flag on display at the Georgia State Capitol while
on a school field trip back in 1979. While it is still part of the State Capitol Flag Collection
maintained by the Georgia Secretary of State, many decades of time on display have caused this
original piece of Georgia Wing history to fade and break down a bit, so this flag has now been

moved to long term storage in a temperature- and humidity-controlled facility of the Georgia
State Archives (along with several other similar fragile Georgia historical items), to ensure their
preservation for future generations of Georgians. The very thought that the State of Georgia
would “go the extra mile” to maintain this item (along with many GAWG CAP wartime
historical records under administrative control and oversight of the Georgia National Guard who
oversaw CAP operations in Georgia before and during WW2) as part of its State Archives should
give one a newfound respect for their dedication to historic preservation.
In addition to such steps being taken by the State of Georgia in the efforts of historic
preservation, the state has over the decades rewarded individual Georgia Wing CAP members
with some State military honors. Because of the aforementioned joint root history between the
Georgia Wing CAP and the Georgia State Guard (and its predecessor units before Georgia was
even a state), several members have had various Georgia state military awards awarded by the
Governor of Georgia (as Commander-in-Chief of the State) and Adjutant General of Georgia (as
the ranking officer of all the State’s forces in state service). Most prevalently awarded amongst
these is the Georgia Humanitarian Service Ribbon. Most recently it was awarded to several
Georgia Wing members in the early 1990s for their actions during the Southwest Georgia floods.
Although as a overall matter of policy CAP uniform regulations generally prohibit wear of state
military ribbons on the CAP uniform, special permission was granted by National HQ CAP for
wear of those particular Humanitarian Service Ribbons through the late 1990s because (like the
Air Medals awarded almost 40 years earlier), they were awarded “by competent military
authority” to specific CAP members for duties performed as CAP members on a state-level CAP
mission (as opposed to just being awarded to people who happened to be CAP members but
awarded for service with an organization outside CAP).


Figure 65. Georgia Humanitarian Service Award Ribbon.

Due to changes in the interpretation of the concept of the Civil Air Patrol variant of the
U.S. Air Force uniform by various incarnations of CAP’s National Uniform Committee in recent
years, however, the previous authorization to wear this particular ribbon was unfortunately
rescinded. Because of a desire to more closely follow active-duty Air Force uniform wear
policies that prohibit wear of state-awarded ribbons by members of all AF components that exist
in “Title 10 Status” (interpreted to include CAP as well as the AF Reserve and Air National
Guard when on Federal orders), the last few versions of CAPM 39-1 no longer allow wear of this
ribbon. Despite this policy change, it does not change the fact that several GAWG members did,
in fact, proudly earn this award.
Not only have some GAWG members been recognized by the State of Georgia by the
award of a type of state-level service ribbons, but a few very exceptional individuals actually
hold State of Georgia commissions as “Lieutenant Colonel, Aide-De-Camp, Governor’s Staff”,
as authorized under OCGA 38-2-111. That code section reads as follows:
“38-2-111. Personal aides-de-camp; appointment; commissions; length of service; duties


The Governor's personal staff shall consist of one chief of aides-de-camp, with rank of brigadier
general; two assistant chiefs of aides-de-camp, with rank of colonel; all other aides-de-camp
shall be appointed with the rank of lieutenant colonel. The selection of aides-de-camp shall be
without regard to previous military service, sex, or age limit; and the commissions of all of these
officers shall expire with the expiration of the term of the Governor making the appointment. All
appointments will be in either the army or air force. Officers of the National Guard shall be
eligible to appointment to any of the ranks or the offices of aide-de-camp provided for, but such
appointments shall not vacate or affect their status as commissioned officers in the National
Guard in which they are serving. The aides-de-camp shall perform such personal and ceremonial
duties pertaining to their office as may be required of them by the Governor.”

While the intent of the OCGA section is to provide a manner to recognize various
outstanding Georgians and others in a manner similar to the State of Kentucky’s “Kentucky
Colonel” honors system, it is still technically a legal (albeit unpaid, volunteer, and primarily
ceremonial) appointment. According to at least one retired flag officer who awarded one to a
CAP member back in the 1980s, (when that particular General was serving as Georgia’s Asst
Adjutant General for Air) it is a Lt Col commission in order for CAP members to remember that
Georgia’s Wing’s first Wing Commander Winship Nunnally started out as a Lt Col in the
Georgia State Defense Corps prior to Georgia’s Air Patrol being absorbed into the wartime
Georgia Wing CAP, and that the same officer served as a Lt Col under the national CAP during
the war. It is traditionally awarded by high ranking politicians or military officers of the State of
Georgia to Wing Commanders upon the successful completion of their command term, and to
other outstanding Georgians as the state sees fit.


Figure 66. State of Georgia Aide-de-camp appointment.


Regardless of what status that Georgia Wing and the larger Civil Air Patrol may have had
both during and after World War II, it was (and still is in the modern day) an Auxiliary of the
United States Air Force “set up to encourage and aid American citizens in the voluntary
contribution of their efforts, services, and resources to the development of aviation and
maintenance of U.S. air supremacy” (as quoted from the 1959 U.S. Air Force Blue Book).

Figure 67. On the Air Force Team, circa 1957.

With many lives saved through Emergency Services and Disaster Relief missions, with young
people being mentored through an award-winning Cadet Program, and with an Aerospace
Education Program that has helped put a man into space, the Georgia Wing continues to serve as
a cost-effective and efficient force multiplier, and a full partner with similar groups and agencies
of the state and other levels. It has a proud tradition of service that can be traced back not only to


Figure 69. An effective force-multiplier. From the 1959 Air Force Blue Book.

Figure 68. Georgia Wing Patch, 1992-2011


the days immediately prior to the Second World War, but is part of a larger tradition of service
by Georgians that can be traced all the way back to those first Georgia colonists who stood their
first watch on 12 February 1733, a day still commemorated every year by Georgia
schoolchildren as “Georgia Day”. When artisans, farmers, shopkeepers, and the like stood watch
to protect their neighbors and families upon Yamacraw Bluff, to help create a new colony,
province, and later state. A tradition of service best summarized by Georgia’s colonial motto
emblazoned upon the first colonial seal: Non sibi sed aliis. (“Not for ourselves, but for others”).
A tradition of service that we still continue to this day, as members of the modern day Georgia
Wing Civil Air Patrol.

Figure 70. Georgia Wing Patch, 2011-present


AE Aerospace Education
AEMS Aerospace Education Members
AEO Aerospace Education Officer
AEX Aerospace Excellence Program
AFNORTH Air Forces Northern
AFRB Air Force Reserve Base
AFRCC United States Air Force Rescue Coordination Center
AFB Air Force Base
ANGB Air National Guard Base
AP Air Patrol
ARB Air Reserve Base
CAA Civil Aeronautics Administration
CAP Civil Air Patrol
CPR Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
CPTP Civilian Pilot Training Program
CY Calendar Year
DDR Drug Demand Reduction
DHS Department of Homeland Security
DoD Department of Defense
ES Emergency Services
FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation
FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency
FM Frequency Modulation
FY Fiscal Year
GAWG Georgia Wing
GEMA Georgia Emergency Management Agency
GSDC Georgia State Defense Corps
GSDF Georgia State Defense Force
HF High Frequency
IACE International Air Cadet Exchange
ICS Incident Command System
IG Inspector General
MCLB Marine Corps Logistic Base
NAA National Aeronautics Association
NCO Non-Commissioned Officer
NCOLA Non-Commissioned Officer Leadership Academy
NESA National Emergency Services Academy
NHQ National Headquarters
NORAD North American Aerospace Defense Command
OCD Office of Civilian Defense, 1941 – 1945
O-rides Orientation Flights
PDO Professional Development (also Professional Development Officer)
SAR/DR Search and Rescue / Disaster Relief
SAREX Search and Rescue Exercise
SER Southeast Region
STS Space Transportation System

TAC Tactical Officer
TLC Training Leaders of Cadets
USAAF United States Army Air Forces
USAF United States Air Force
USMC United States Marine Corps
USN United States Navy
VHF Very High Frequency


SD01 2016 Legislative Day GAWG Annual Statement
SD02 Wing Calendar for 2016
SD03 GAWG 2016 Encampment Facebook Page
SD04 GAWG 2016 Encampment Website
SD05 Fernbank Science Center Website
SD06 GAWG Facebook Page
SD07 Georgia Wing Recruiting Newsletter
SD08 GAWG Mailing List Archive
SD09 Georgia DoD Records at Georgia State Archives
SD10 Georgia State Capitol Flag Collection
SD11 Historical Society of the Georgia National Guard Archives
SD12 “GSDC and GSG 1940-1947” research paper by GSDF Historian Col Richard Elwell
SD13 Wikipedia
SD14 CAP Gold Medal Website
SD15 CAP Historical Foundation Website
SD16 Flying Minutemen History Website
SD17 Civil Air Patrol History Facebook Page
SD18 Code of Federal Regulations
SD19 Official Code of Georgia Annotated
SD20 Personal interview with then-CAP National Legal Officer Col George Graves
SD21 New Georgia Encyclopedia
SD22 University of Georgia Historical Document Collection
SD23 Atlanta Journal-Constitution Newspaper Archive
SD24 Atlanta History Center Archive

SD25 Georgia Secretary of State Records
SD 26 Imperial War Museum


This report is dedicated to all those Georgians, past, present and future, who take the time to
be of service to others, and uphold the traditions and heritage of those who came before us.


About the Author
Lt Col David Brown has been a member of the Civil Air Patrol, since joining as a cadet in
Georgia Wing in 1982. He is a 1991 graduate of the University of North Georgia – the Senior
Military College of Georgia, where he majored in Psychology with a dual emphasis in Counseling
and Psychometrics, and minored in Criminal Justice with a dual emphasis in Law and Criminal
Investigations. He is also a graduate of the U.S. Air Force Squadron Officer School.
He has training as an Observer, with approximately 550 flight hours in various types of
aircraft, as well as training as a Ground Team member. He has Master ratings in Communications,
Information Technology, and Aerospace Education, along with Senior and Technician ratings in a
variety of other specialties. In addition to service in various duty assignments at the Squadron level
including Squadron Commander, he has also served as a Group Vice Commander, Wing
Encampment Deputy Commander, Wing Encampment Tactical Officer, Wing Corporate Learning
Course Deputy Director, Squadron Leadership School Instructor, Communications Instructor
Instructor, and Wing Deputy Director of Cadet Programs. Awards include the Meritorious Service
Award, multiple Commander’s Commendations, multiple Unit Citations, the National Commander’s
Unit Citation, the National Defense Service Medal, the Air Force Training Ribbon, and the Amelia
Earhart Award.
A lifelong student of history and the law who is related to two of Georgia’s former
Governors, and the son of a retired Justice Of The Peace Judge, he is married to the former Gwen
Chadwick, herself also a graduate of the University of North Georgia – The Senior Military College
of Georgia. They are both active members of the UNG Alumni Association.