File #1334: "Aviation and You Workbook.pdf"

Aviation and You Workbook.pdf

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Major General Walter R. Agee, USAF
National Commander
Civil Air Patrol
Dr. Marvin K. Strickler
Director of Aviation Education
Civll Air Patrol

AVIATION AND YOU
LessonI
EXERCISE NO. 1
( Yo u h a v e 5 m i n u t e s t o c o m p l e t e t h i s e x e r c i s e . )

PREFACE
The exercises and activities prescribed in this workbook
will help you attain the purposes of each lesson. These
purposes will be brought to your attention by your
instructor. No excercise is to be attempted until your
reading assignment has been completed. Do not
attempt the exercises until you have made preparation
after planning with the instructor and paying heed to his
presentation at the first lesson session.
Do not hesitate to use every method at your command
in order to obtain essential information. Observe, read,
ask questions of your instructor and the resource
people that visit your classroom. You will note that
lessons are numbered in accordance with a natural
sequence and not with reference to a particular
workbook; for example, the first lesson of the workbook:
Aircraft in Flight is Lesson VII; that of the workbook:
Power for Flight is Lesson XIV. This procedure is also
used to identify the lesson plans of the several booklets
of the Instructor Guide series.
By means of a key your instructor will help you correct
Exercises I, 2, and 3 of each lesson. Since it has not
been possible to key the responses to Exercise 4, the
quality of these should be appraised during discussion
by students and instructor.

HAROLD E. MEHRENS, Editor
PRICE 15 CENTS PER COPY

1. Place a T in the blank space preceding a true statement;
place an F in the blank space preceding a false statement.
a. Aviation has an influence in the life of every individual citizen
of our nation.
b. .................. The features of aviation are so well known to all
persons that there is no need for an aviation education program
in the United States.
c. .................. The first controlled powered flight by man was
made on December 17, 1903.
d ................... Orville and Wilbur Wright made the most
outstanding contribution to the history of aviation.
e ............. The term "aviation" has one common meaning to all
citizens.
f. …………………The shortest direct air route to Japan from New
York would be to the north.
g ................ Helicopters, like airplanes, must operate from
runways.
h………….. The early development of our country was
accomplished in the age of the wheel.
i…………………. Aviation has very little effect on the local
community life in our small towns.
j ………………… History indicates that since the beginning of
time men have always envied the ability of birds to soar through
the air.

EXERCISE NO. 2 (You have 10 minutes to complete this
exercise.)

I. Fill in the blank spaces with the word, or words, that properly
complete the statement.
a. The magnitude of aviation's effects on civilization has increased
as new developments in ………………… have progressed.

b. Our young citizens cannot properly prepare to meet the challenge of
the air age unless they receive proper ……………………………….
c. The Wright brothers first powered flight was in the year……… and
covered a distance of ………….... in the time of …………..
d. In pre-Biblical times travel over the surface of the earth was made
much easier for men by the invention of the ...........................
e. The advent of the .......................
made it possible for men to travel great distances on the surface of the
water.
f. The invention of a ………….. made it possible for men to travel
through the air in airplanes.
g. The dictionary says that the act and practice of operating heavierthan-air craft is known as ……………………..
h. The only means of transportation that can easily overcome such
obstacles as mountains, deserts, swamps and ice caps is ...................
.....................
i. Aviation has made unbelievable advances during the
past……………….
years.
j. Today regular commercial passenger flights are made from New York
to London in approximately ……………..
hours.

EXERCISE NO. 3
(You have 5 minutes to complete this exercise.) 1. Draw a circle
around the number preceding the phrase which is best to make
the statement a correct expression.
a. The first successful powered flight by heavier-than-air craft
was made at:
1. Dayton, Ohio.
2. Maxwell Field, Alabama.
3. Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
4. Langley Fie)d, Virginia.
b. The outstanding event in the history of aviation was:
1. The development of helium for lift.
2. The invention of the wheel.
3. The invention of the gasoline engine.
4. The invention of the wing.
2

c. Recent rapid advances in air transportation are based upon:
1. Mythology.
2. Scientific research.
3. Philosophy.
4. Man's eagerness to fly.
d. Among other things, aviation means:
1. Increased expenses.
2. Increased obstacles.
3. The air age.
4. Misunderstandings with foreign countries.
e. It took six months for pioneers to travel in wagons from
Missouri to California. Today we can travel by air from Maine to
California in less than:
1. One day.
2. Two days.
3. Two hours.
4. One week.
EXERCISE NO. 4
(You have 15 minutes to complete this exercise.) 1. Draw your
impression of what the airplane first flown by the Wright brothers
looked like.
2. List the outstanding differences that you believe existed
between the "Wright Flyer" airplane and a typical single engine
World War II fighter airplane.
3. State in your own words what the term "aviation" means to
you.

Lesson II
EXERCISE NO. 1
fYou have 5 minutes to complete this exercise.) 1. Place a T in
the blank space preceding a true statement; place an F in the
blank space preceding a false statement.
a ……………Your social life is not affected by aviation.
b ……………. Under today's conditions of air travel it is relatively
easy for world leaders to assemble for conference.
c………….. Our political and economic surroundings are
definitely influenced by aviation.
d ......……….. It is now quite common for us to measure
distance by time rather than miles.

e ………..Our main defense against aggression is the
retaliatory threat of air power.
f ………… In spite of Germany's complete control of the
skies, the Allies emerged victorious in World War II.
g ………..The North American continent is not vulnerable to
attack by enemy aircraft.
h ………… New planes are designed in the engineering
section of aircraft manufacturing plants.
i……………… In 1955 the aircraft industry needed thousands
more aeronautical engineers than were available.
j. ……… It often takes several years from the time an
airplane is designed until it goes on operational status.
EXERCISE NO. 2
(You have 10 minutes to complete this exercise.)
1. Fill in the blank spaces with the word, or words, that properly
complete the statement.
a. Two new great industries brought into being by aviation are the
………………. and the ………………...........
industries.
b. The best design of an airfoil to give adequate performance is often
discovered in
…………………………………………………………………….
tests.
c. To avoid unnecessary expense, aircraft designs are first tested by
……………………………………………………………….
d. The first flying model of a new airplane is called a
…………………………………………………………………….
e. The production line in an aircraft factory is more commonly called
the
…………………………………………………………………………………

f. On its first flight a new plane is always flown by a ........................
.................................... pilot.
g. Since aviation has brought all nations so close together in terms of
travel, we can no longer give serious consideration to
……………………………………………………. as a national policy.
h. All parts of scale models of airplanes that an aircraft manufacturer
proposes to build should be constructed in
………………………………………………………….to those of the
proposed plane.

i. There are approximately .......................... manufacturing corporations in
the United States which make airplanes, airplane engines, or propellers.

EXERCISE NO. 3
(You have 5 minutes to complete this exercise.)
I. Draw a circle around the number preceding the phrase which
best makes the statement a correct expression.
a. The greatest changes caused by aviation in the ideas held by
the average American are those about our relations with:
1. Our friends.
2. Our neighbors.
3. Other countries.
4. Unknown obstacles.
b. By the end of World War II the United States had become a
world leader in aviation because of:
i. Unlimited funds.
2. Lack of interest in other countries.
3. The aid offered by our few scientific wizards.
4. The combined efforts of thousands of interested men, women
and youth.
c. Scale models of airplanes are tested for desirable
aerodynamic performance in a:
1. Wind tunnel.
2. Smoke streamer.
3. Laboratory.
4. Pressure chamber.
d. The largest single industry directly affected by increased
developments in aviation is:
1. The manufacturers of aluminum.
2. The aircraft manufacturing industry.
3. The rubber industry.
4. The scientific research industry.
e. The engineering section of a single aircraft manufacturing
industry may employ as many as:
1. 150 people.
2. 500 people.
3. 700 people.
4. 1000 people.

EXERCISE NO. 4
(You have 15 minutes to complete this exercise.) 1. Draw
a diagram of a wind tunnel showing a scale model under
test.
2. List the career fields open to you in the aircraft industry.
3. In fifty words state your thoughts on why the
accomplishments of aviation are still daily news.

LessonIII
EXERCISE NO. 1
(You have 5 minutes to complete this exercise.)

1. Place a T in the blank space preceding a true statement;
place an F in the blank space preceding a false statement.
a …………… In 1939 the value of all aircraft manufactured in
the United States was about $250,000,000.
b ……………
In 1953 the value of all aircraft manufactured in the United
States was about $8,500,000.
c ……………….
Our military aircraft are designed to meet certain specifications
as determined by the purpose for which the plane is to be used.
d ................. The aircraft industry offers very few vocational
opportunities to today's young people.
e ………………. The rapid growth of the airlines and their
services would not have been possible without the teamwork of
their employees.
f …………….. All air transport companies have extremely high
standards for performing periodic service checks of equipment.
g ……………….. The scheduled civilian airlines maintain a
military bureau I'o recruit military pilots for future airline
employment.
h ……………. It takes operating, maintenance and
administrative personnel to run an airline.
i …….…… Each transport plane is given a careful check by the
pilot and crew before each flight.
j…….……. None of our airline pilots received their flight training
in the United States Armed Forces.

EXERCISE NO. 2
(You have 10 minutes to complete this exercise.) 1. Fill in the
blank spaces with the word, or words, that properly complete the
statement.
a. Between 1903 and 1938 only
...........................
airplanes were built.
b. Between 1939 and 1953
…………………………….. airplanes were built.
c. In the last 15 years the manufacture of airplanes has
become .......……………………………..
d. Commercial airlines are a vital part of the
…………………………. industry.
e. Airline service includes the transportation of
……………………………………,
………………………………………,
and………………………………
f. An airplane is kept in condition for safe flight by proper
…………………………………………..
g. People who make observations and forecasts of flight planning
are called …………………………………………..
h. Freight must be properly stowed in the aircraft so that weight /
distribution is
………………………………………………………………………..
i. As a safety precaution, airframes are rebuilt after a certain
number of ......…………………………. hours.
j. The air crew member responsible for the airplane and its
contents while in flight is the …………………………………
EXERCISE NO. 3
(You have 5 minutes to complete this exercise,) 1. Draw a circle
around" the number preceding the phrase which is best to make
the statement a correct expression.
a. The aircrew member responsible for planning the flight to be
made is the:
1. Pilot.
2. Engineer.
3. Navigator.
4. Stewardess.

b. An airline hostess is generally considered to be:
1. An aircrew member.
2. An administrative employee.
3. A maintenance employee.
4. A dispatcher.
c. The airline employee that must make certain all required
conditions are met by the pilot, his crew, and his aircraft before
authorizing departure of a flight is the:
1. Test pilot.
2. Engineer.
3. Meteorologist.
4. Dispatcher.
d. All airlines check every aircraft and its power plant before
each flight, as well as make daily or "turn-around" inspection of
equipment.
However, different companies do vary their procedure in the
handling of period service checks of."
1. Cargo.
2. Passengers.
3. Equipment.
4. Flight plans.
e. In the year 1954 the carrying of almost a million military
passengers on scheduled airlines resulted in:
1. Little effect on our military.
2. No saving in manpower.
3. A reduction in civilian passenger service.
4. A huge saving in military manpower.

EXERCISE NO. 4
(You have 15 minutes to complete this exercise.)
1 . Wr i t e a b r i e f s t a t e m e n t o f w h y, i n y o u r o p i n i o n , e n g i n e e r s a r e s o
vitally needed and are so important to future development of the aircraft
manufacturing industry.
2 . M a k e a l i s t o f t e n j o b s i n t h e a i r t r a n s p o r t i n d u s t r y.
3. List three reasons why it is essential having an aircraft manufacturing
plant adjacent to an airfield.
8

LessonIV
EXERCISE NO. 1
(You have 5 minutes to complete this exercise.) 1. Place a T in
the blank space which precedes a true statement; place an F in
the blank space which precedes a false statement.
a .................
Airplane parts that are worn beyond prescribed tolerances are
replaced.
b .................
Aircraft mechanics are required to have only a general
knowledge and mechanical aptitude.
c ………….. A CAA regulation requires that major alterations and
repair of aircraft must be made or supervised by certified
mechanics.
d ………….. In addition to periodic checks and overhauls,
airlines require that any needed aircraft repairs which would
affect safety of flight are made on the spot.
e…………….. It is not necessary for control tower operators to
be certified by CAA.
f ……………The airport hangar or repair station may appear to
bee mass of confusion to the casual observer.
g ………….. The air transport industry requires top standards in
its employees but at the same time offers challenging careers
and good salaries.
h ……………. In 1938 scheduled airlines in the United States
employed 1,135 pilots and 9,008 other trained personnel.
i………….. By 1954 the scheduled airlines in the United States
employed 9,437 pilots and 109,392 other trained personnel.

EXERCISE NO. 2
(You have 70 minutes to complete this exercise.) 1. Fill in the
blank spaces with the word, or words, that properly complete
the statement.
a. After finishing high school and college, if you want
employment with an airline you would apply to the airline
……………………………
office.
b. The United States government agency that assures us of the
proficiency of all airline aircrew members is
the .........................................
9

c. Within a period of 15 years (1939-1954) the air transport industry
has increased its profits ............................................... times.
d. Even farmers and ranchers of today are directly, affected by the
………………………………………. industry.
e. The need for strong lightweight metals in aviation has stimulated
………………………………………… research.
f. In 1954 the scheduled airlines used …………………………………..
gallons of oil.
g. In 1954 the scheduled airlines used ………………………………
gallons of gasoline.
h. The oil and gasoline used by scheduled airlines was enough to
keep 25,000 automobiles operating
for ......................................................
years.
i. Aviation both serves and is served by ............................................
industrial areas.
I. The distance flown by scheduled airlines in 1954 would be the
equivalent of .................................................... round trips to the
moon.

EXERCISE NO. 3
(You have 5 minutes to complete this exercise.) 1. Draw a circle
around the number preceding the phrase which is best to make
the statement a correct expression.
a. Most airlines make it possible for its employees to become
increasingly proficient in their jobs by conducting:
1. A plan for receiving suggestions from the employees.
2. Programs for rapid increases in salary.
3. In-service training and instructional programs.
4. Free orientation flights.
b. On the basis of passenger accommodations, the air transport
industry of 1954 in comparison to that of 1938 was:
1. Twice as large.
2. Eight times as large.
3. Sixteen times as large.
4. Twenty-elght times as large.
c. Today the size and scope of the air transport industry is:
1. Consolidating and slightly reducing its recent rapid gains.
2. Continuing to expand.
3. Decreasing operations until jet airliners are available.
4. Neither increasing nor decreasing operations.

d. In 1938 the net profit of commercial airlines was
approximately:
1. $5,000,000.
2. $25,000,000.
3. $50,000,000.
4. $100,000,000.
e. In
1954 the net profit of commercial airlines was approximately:
1. $5,000,000.
2. $25,000,000.
3. $50,000,000.
4. $100,000,000.
EXERCISE NO. 4
(You have 15 minutes to complete this exercise.) 1. Draw a
facsimile of the trademark of three major airlines.
2. Draw a picture of what you believe an airliner will look like 25
years from now.
3. State three reasons why there has been such a tremendous
growth in the air transportation industry.

LessonV
EXERCISE NO. 1
(You have 5 minutes to complete this exercise.)

1. Place a T in the blank space which precedes a true statement;
place an F in the blank space which precedes a false statement.
a .................. General aviation employs more pilots than the
scheduled and non-scheduled airlines.
b …………….. Airplanes are of no particular value to commercial
fishermen.
c………….. The forestry service often uses aircraft to re-seed
forests.
d. ……………… individual businessmen today own
approximately 18,000 aircraft.
e …………………. Aviation’s service to all industrial areas in the
United States flies approximately one-half as many plane miles
as are flown by airlines.
f …………………. Action in World War II demonstrated
conclusively that modern
cannot be successfully waged without air power.

g ……………… The United States Air Force was made an
independent branch of the U. S. Armed Forces in 1947.
h …….………. To save the taxpayers money the United States
Government has, since World War II, continuously decreased
the amount of money allotted each year to military aviation.
i ……………….. Most authorities agree that today's greatest
deterrent to possible enemy attack on the United States is the
U. S. Air Force.
j……………… Some of our experimental military aircraft have
been flown at speeds in excess of 1800 miles per hour.

EXERCISE NO. 2 (You have 10 minutes to complete this
exercise.)

1. Fill in the blank spaces with the word, or words, that properly
complete the statement.
a. Youth interested in an aviation career should make a
comparative study of the rewards of ...............................
and .............................. aviation.
b. The term that designates general uses of the airplane, such as
those made by agriculture and small business, is
……………………………..
c. The National Security Act of 1947 gave the Air Force equal
organizational status with
……………………………………………………………..
forces.
d. In 1945 commercial air transport aircraft had average speeds of
approximately ................................................................
miles per hour.
e. Air transport aircraft in use today which are equipped with
turboprop engines cruise at over ..............................................
miles per hour.
f. The problem of refrigeration in today's high speed military
aircraft is enormous because of heat generated by
…………………………………………….
g. Flight no longer needs to depend on fantasy in order to
challenge the .......………………………. of youth.
h. The control of mosquitoes and other harmful pests today is
often handled by ................................. from airplanes.
i. Mining engineers are able to travel quickly to and from isolated
mines by the use of …………………………………….

EXERCISE NO. 3
(You have 5 minutes to complete this exercise.) 1. Draw a circle
around the number preceding the phrase which is best to make
the statement a correct expression.
a. One of the most important uses which industry and business
makes of the airplane is to transport:
1. Engineers.
2. Administrative personnel.
3. Important documents.
4. Unobtainable material.
b. A great barrier to the advancement of speed in our military
aircraft, which has now been conquered, is:
1. The thermal barrier.
2. The proficiency of engines.
3. The sound barrier.
4. The rapid deceleration barrier.
c. Another barrier not yet completely conquered is:
1. The thermal barrier.
2. The proficiency of engines.
3. The sound barrier.
4. The rapid deceleration barrier.
d. Any review of career opportunities available to you would be
far from complete if you did not consider the opportunities
offered by:
1. High school.
2. College.
3. Aviation.
4. Municipal officials.
e. Today there is need for commercial aircraft with cruising
speed of 500 miles per hour or better, and landing speed of:
1. Near 0 miles per hour.
2. Approximately 75 miles per hour.
3. Approximately 100 miles per hour.
4. Approximately 150 miles per hour.

EXERCISE NO. 4
(You have 15 minutes to complete this exercise.)
1. State briefly what the term "general aviation" means to
you.
2. List ten career opportunities in general aviation.
3. List ten career opportunities in military aviation.
13

LessonVI
EXERCISE NO. 1
(You have 5 minutes to complete this exercise.) 1. Place a T in
the blank space which precedes a true statement; place an F in
the blank space which precedes a false statement.
a ..............
Many of our colleges now offer courses leading to a degree in
aeronautical engineering.
b ………….Many of our public schools have altered their
courses to enable our young men and women to prepare for
their future in the air age.
c ……………. The combined aviation training programs of public
schools, trade schools and airlines are more extensive than the
USAF training program.
d …………. Recent surveys show that our colleges and
professional schools have had a great increase in the number of
aeronautical engineering graduates.
e ………….. In the Civil Air Patrol you will have an opportunity to
discover which aviation specialty has the greatest appeal for
you.
f …………. It is a well known fact that during the past few years
the Soviet Union has had more students graduating with
engineering degrees than has the United States.
g ……………. As a Civil Air Patrol cadet you will have
opportunities for many new experiences.
h ......…………. You will probably not have an opportunity to visit
an airport as a part of your CAP activities.
i………..…… Aviation is very important to you because its
impact actually centers upon you.
j …………. As the leaders of tomorrow will come from the youth
of today, it is for your own best interests that you are urged to
investigate, determine, and start preparing for your future
career.
EXERCISE NO. 2
(You have 10 minutes to complete this exercise.) 1. Fill in the
blank spaces with the word, or words, that properly complete
the statement.
a. Schools have found it necessary to modify their curricula to
the degree that each curricula area has been affected by
………………………
14

b. Inn recent survey it was found that ………………………
United States colleges conferred degrees in aeronautical
engineering.
c. The same survey revealed that ……………………… additional
colleges offered a program of studies in either aeronautical
administration or other aviation service fields.
d. Every state of the Union has now established
…………………….
trade schools.
e. Airlines, aircraft assembly factories, and aircraft engine plants
all maintain schools or apprentice .....................
programs.
f. There is presently a great need in the United States for
graduates with an
………………………………. degree.
g. Civilian schools established to teach aviation skills are
certified by the .................................
h. Aviation has a potential for evil insofar as it can aggravate
……………………………………………… tensions. .
i. The Air Force offers ................................ different career fields.
j. A thorough know.ledge of mathematics is a prerequisite for a
degree in …………………………………
EXERCISE NO. 3
(You have 5 minutes to complete this exercise.) 1. Draw a circle
around the number preceding the phrase which is best to make
the statement a correct expression.
a. The United States Air Force offers a program of aviation
training in one or another of the following number of career
fields:
1. 23.
2. 43.
3. 65.
4. 72.
b. Both civil and military aviation are presently unable to obtain
the needed numbers of:
1. Airplanes.
2. Aeronautical mechanics.
3. Cargo planes.
4. Aeronautical engineers.
15

c. In 1950 the number of men and women graduated from
college with engineering degrees was:
1. 19,000.
2. 35,000.
3. 49,000.
4. 52,000.
d. In 1954 the number of men and women graduated from
college with engineering degrees was:
1. 19,000.
2. 35,000.
3. 49,000.
4. 52,000.
e. The number of engineers graduated in the Soviet Union in
1954 was:
1. 19,000.
2. 35,000.
3. 49,000.
4. 52,000.

EXERCISE NO. 4
(You have 15 minutes to complete this exercise.)
1. State briefly why you now should begin to prepare for your
future career.
2. Other than piloting, which career in aviation would be most
interesting to you? Why?
3. What, in your opinion, is the most profitable experience,
careerwise, that you can get out of your membership in Civil Air
Patrol?