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JUNE 1978



Hyatt Hotel Hosts
Board Meeting '78



PHOENIX, Ariz. -- The Hyatt Regency Phoenix has been
chosen as the headquarters for the 1978 meeting here Sept. 710 of Civil Air Patrol's National Board.
the atrium, overlooking the founThe modern, two-year-old
tains and courtyard of the
facility is located in the heart of
Phoenix Civic Plaza. The
downtown Phoenix. The hotel,
which has 711 rooms, including 40 Terrace Cafe is an informal garden cafe that is open from 6:30
suites, will offer special rates to
CAP members attending the a.m. until midnight. The Sundance Show Lounge room
board meeting and its associated
committee meetings and
(see PHOENIX, Page 2)
To be sure of a valid room
reservation at the hotel, your
reservation must be received by
the hotel not later than Aug. 25,
Single rooms will be $22 per
day and double rooms will be $28
p e r d a y. A c o u p o n w h i c h
MAXWELL AFB, Ala. -- The
members can use to reserve
r o o m s a t . t h e h o t e l i s . d ~ m d ~ o ~ , ~ N o v a d a , . ~ t h e . l i Ye ~ _
the back page of this issue Guest three 18-year-olds, who were on a
fishing tri~ at Will Creek Reseraccomodations in the hotel are
voir, Nev., recently.
spacious and decorated in conThe Elko County Sheriff contemporary themes.
trolled the search and rescue efThe reinforced concrete and
fort. Concerned relatives notified
glass structure features a ninehim about 10 a.m. April 9. The
story open atrium. The public
areas have more than 1,000 trees, Nevada Wing was alerted and
launched an aircraft at 12:30
potted and hanging plants. Other
p.m. and found the missing
features of the hotel are a fourfishermen about an hour later in
story section with a pool and garrugged terrain some 60 miles
den, and a 21-story tower topped
with a revolving restaurant call- north of Elko.
The aircraft searched 25
ed the Compass.
square miles before finding the
In addition to the Compass,
three youths. Six persons were inthere are five other restaurants
volved in the
search and
and lounges. Hugo's is a special
recovery effort.
restaurant which serves ConThese three latest saves bring
tinential cuisine. Adjacent is
to 22 the number of persons
Hugo's Bistro, an intimate
whose lives have been saved in
lounge with a quiet, relaxing at1978 through the Civil Air
Patrol's emergency service
The Plaza Court serves
cocktails on the second level of

Nevada Wing

Saves Three

HIKING IN THE SNOW -- Civil Air Patrol cadets attending the winter survival school conducted by the Pennsylvania Wing's Ranger Section hike through the deepest snow cover in the
schools history. See related stories and more photos beginning on page 10.

Ca, l, ts Operate Civil Defense
Center In Disaster Exercise
COLUMBUS, Miss. -- Cadets
from the Mississippi Wing conducted the Civil Air Patrol portion of a nuclear disaster exercise sponsored by the ColumbusLowndes Civil Defense Council
The exercise came during the
first weekend of the first Type B
encampment that the wing held
this year. The encampment was
planned and supported by the
Tombigbee Alert Action Comp.
Sq. and the Washington County
Comp. Sq. of Group 1. Maj.
Becky Hill was the encampment
Civil Defense called on Civil
Air Patrol cadets from
throughout the State of Mississippi to assit with the exercise
because they wanted people to
s t a ff t h e i r n e w e m e r g e n c y
operating center with the 40 persons, as required by the federal
staffing requirement, who were
already familiar with disaster
procedures and would not require
a great deal of additional train-

ing or orientation prior to the exercise.
Several local government and
service organizations were called to perform specific tasks in
conjunction with the CAP staff.
These included the Columbus
Light and Water Department,
Columbus Police Department,
I~wndes County Red Cross,
Columbus Fire Department and
the mayor and city council.
At the beginning of the exercise Ray Gildea, the Civil
Defense director, briefed Cadet
Bryan Miller, cadet commander,

l Emergency Services...Page 3
lnside Index
Executive Director's
Comments ....................... 4
Aero-Astro Answers ........... 5
SAR People ..................... 14
CAP News In Photos .........16
Cadet Awards .................. 18
CAP Obituaries ................ 1 8
People In The News ..........19

and his staff on the exercise
senario, which included
"enemy" activity featuring a
nuclear detonation in New
Orleans, La.
Some cadets prepared display
maps showing shelters and
evacuation routes. Others took
upper wind data supplied by
radio and determined the arrival
time of fallout, its intensity and
the expected duration of shelter
The exercise lasted more than
40 hours. During that time more
than half the cadets did not leave
the operations center. The duty
teams streamlined the message
handling process, trouble
shooting and plotting and logging
pertinent information for the
duration of the exercise.
The Civil Defense report stated
that "in many respects the
cadets outperformed their adult
counterparts who were regular
members of the volunteer office
staff. One of the reasons that was
(See CADETS, Page 2)

Hyatt Regency Hotel--Phoenix

L \~'-,


JUNE 1978


Phoenix Hyatt Site
Of National Meeting
(Continued From Page 1)
features top entertainment and
dancing from 9 p.m. until 1 a.m.
There are 17 conference rooms
in the hotel, each room being
named in honor of a Western artist and containing graphic art
representative of the namesake.
The Regency Ballroom, where
the CAP banquet concluding the"
annual meeting will be held, has
more than 10,000 square feet of
floor space and can accomodate
1,200 persons.
A pre-registration coupon
which members can use to preregister for the meeting is
printed below_. Although preregistration with National
Headquarters is not required, it
is recommended for those planning to attend.
Master of ceremonies for the
banquet will be Dr. John Furbay
of Phoenix who produces and
narrates the popular radio travel
s h o w, " H o l i d a y W o r l d o f
Travel," on more than 500 radio
stations in the United States and
Canada, as well as on the Voice
of America.
George Walter, former dean of
Education at Lawrence University, will be guest speaker at the
banquet. Walter, an educator and
coach, also is a forest ranger at
Glacier National Park, and
speaks at high school assemblies
and professional association s.
Phoenix, the state capital, is
known for its low humidity and

balmy weather. The city and its
vicinity, known as the Valley of
the Sun, offer a wide variety of
attractions for person attending
CAP's National Board meeting.
More information about the
1978 National Board meeting and
other activities associated with it
will be published in forthcoming
issues of Civil Air Patrol News.

Cadets Manage
CD Exercise
(Continued From Page 1)
true is that the cadets are
smaller and in certain respects
quicker than many of the adult
staff members. They were able
to adapt themselves readily to
the conduct of activities in the
operations center."
The civil defense director said,
"I would have any member of the
cadet staff as an official staff
member if it were possible.
Several would be given key
operational tasks on a par with
the adult staff. Their enthusiasm
and energy seemed unbounded."
The director believed that this
was the first time that the extensive interrelationships between
two largely volunteer staffs had
been operationally tested in a
federally supported emergency
operations center.

Pre-Registration Urged
For Phoenix Meeting
members planning to attend the
1978 National Board meeting
Sept. 7-10 in Phoenix, Ariz., are
being urged to pre-register for
activities there. Printed below is
a cat, on for this purpose.
Although pre-registration is
not required, contrary to a statement in the May issue of Civil Air
Patrol News, those attending the
annual event can save time by
doing so, since a separate desk
will be set up at the hotel to allow
them to by-pass normal registration.
Personnel should pre-register
only if they are sure they will attend. The registration cost is $19
per person which includes the

cost of the banquet. This preregistration is only for CAP activities and does not include a
reservation at the hotel.
Those who pre-register but are
unable to attend may receive
refunds for the $19 fee if they
notify National Headquarters not
later than Aug. 30. Preregistrants who fail to notify
National Headquarters by this
deadline can receive a refund if
they do not attend, but a $5 handling fee will be charged.
The pre-registration forms are
due at National Headquarters no
later than Aug. 25. Mail this
coupon with fee to HQ. CAPUSAF/AC, Maxwell AFB, Ala.
36112. Do NOT mail this form t¢
the hotel in Phoenix.


A ~ .

. . . . .

t ,

CADET EXERCISE--Mississippi Wing cadets conduct a nuclear disaster exercise
in conjunction with the Columbus-Lownes Civil Defense Council and other disaster relief agencies.

Leadership School Planned
LOUISVILLE, Ky. -- The Kentucky Wing will sponsor a
squadron leadership school, open
to all members of the Great
Lakes Region, at the Rough
River Kentucky State Park Aug.
12 and 13.
Enrollment is limited to 60
slots which will be filled on a
first come first served basis.
Dr. Richard Ovington of CAP
National Headquarters will be
the principal seminar leader.
Instructors of the various phases
will come from the Kentucky
The school is located at Camp

Greeushores at the Rough River
Lakes in west central Kentucky.
The camp is owned by the Kentucky Easter Seal Society.
There is an airport near the
campsite with a 2,500-foot paved
r u n w a y. A v i a t i o n g a s i s
available. Those who fly in are
requested to bring their own tiedowns. Transportation to the
camp is available.
Transportation from the Kentucky Wing headquarters in
Louisville to Camp Greenshores
will be provided for those requesting it in their applications.
Application for the school may

be made through channels on
CAP Form 17 to Maj. Morgan W.
Wright; Kentucky Wing Headquarters, CAP; P.O. Box 20271;
Louisville, Ky. 40220.
The cost of persons attending
will be $20, which covers food and
lodging and registration.
Students must bring their own
towels and soap and either .bell
linen or sleeping bags. There is a
swimming pool so people should
bring their swim suits if they
want to swim.
People should report in no later
than 7 p.m. EDST for assignment
of quarters.


A member of the Wyoming
Wing has written saying that
there was an error in a story
appearing in the April issue.
The article relating to the
rescue of a 13-year-old boy from
an aircraft accident near Caspar
was incorrect in that it was not a
sheriff's department team that
made the evacuation. The actual
evacuation of the injured boy was
made by members of the 492nd
Emergency Services Sq. (Wyoming Wing), according to the
reader who was a member of the
CAP ground team.

CAP National Board Meeting -- 1978

Enclosed is $

registrations at $19.00 each*


Ch eck One:






Please make check payable to "National Headquarters CAP" and mail to HQ. CAP-USAF/AC,
Maxwell AFB, Ala. 36112. (Do NOT mail this form to the hotel in Phoenix.)
(Checks and pre.registration form m ust be received by HQ CAP USAF/A C no later than Aug. 25, 1978)
If registration is being made for more than one person, please include names and ranks of all individuals.

CONGRATULATIONS--Cadet Robert F. Byrd, Clinton-Scott
Camp. Sq. (Illinois Wing) receives the Gen. Carl A. Spaatz
Award from Gen. William G. Moore Jr., commander of the
Military Airlift Command at Scott AFB, I11. Byrd has been a
CAP member since 1973 and is also cadet commander of his
AFROTC unit at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale
where he is a senior. (USAF Photo)



JUNE 1978

An Open Letter To A II CAP Members

'Civil Air Patrol Has Given Me A New Career'
California Wing
SAN JOSE, Calif. -- I want to
thank you for the last 25 years. It
was in May 1953 that I became a
cadet in Fremont Squadron 638-1,
Michigan Wing. At the time I'm
writing this, it's only four weeks
until I celebrate 25 years of
association with Civil Air Patrol.
I won't stretch your credibility
by saying that every one of those
years has been a joy and a blessing. There have been some big
disappointments for me; and I'm
sure I've disappointed others who
were expecting more of me than
I was willing, or able, to give.
But in the main, my work with
CAP has been rewarding, and exciting.
The biggest excitement, and a
reward in itself, is the reason
behind this letter. I suppose, in a

way, I'm trying to hold forth an
example to those new members
who might see this; that CAP
membership is not just
volunteering; not just giving of
yourself for no more reason than
"someone has to do it." Civil Air
Patrol has given me a new
career. I'd be willing to bet I'm
not the first to say that, either.
Since I came to California in
1967, it's been my good fortune to
be involved in the information activity. Many CAP/IOs will know
what I mean when I say that I
became an IO because, since I
was new to the unit, the commander didn't know what else to
do with me.
As an information officer, I
found a calling. The commander,
then Lt. "Pete" Singh, gave me a
copy of CAP Manual 190-1 with
the advice, "Read this and see
what the job's all about." He
started me in a field of training

which has resulted, as of January
o f t h i s y e a r, i n a n e w a n d
thoroughly enjoyable career,
technical writing and editing.
After a couple of years as a
Squadron IO, I moved "up" to
Group level, and not too long
after that I was able to fill an
opening in the Wing IO shop.
Very few CAP members have
ever been so favored in having
professional training.
CAP information officers on
the California Wing staff have
been not too different from IOs in
other wings. But there have been

notable exceptions; Maj. Frank
Burnham, author of "Hero Next
Door" and many other aviationoriented writings. He recently
completed a book about the
Federal Aviation Administration
which he titled "Clear To Land."
He is one of those who have hada
hand in preparing me for my
newfound career. That training,
and the interest t have always
had in the field of aerospace
technology led to my becoming a
technical writer in one of NASA's
space exploration programs.
The list of my fellow CAP

members who encouraged me,
and spent time and effort to add
to my abilities as an IO, and kicked me in the pants when I didn't
do it right, is far too long to
recite here. Let it rest with an
expression of my sincere
At the risk ofseeming overly
repetitious -- thank you for the
last 25 years.
I hope that in May 2003, I'll be
able to write and say: "Thank
you, for the last 50 years in
. . . .

/ i I


New Trophy Named 'm
For Chief Of Staff ,4
Civil Air Patrol, the volunteer
civilian auxiliary of the Air
Force, has made Gen. David C.
Jones, Air Force Chief of Staff,
an honorary CAP member.
CAP also unveiled its new
cadet sweepstakes trophy which
will be presented annually in the
name of the Chief of Staff.
Brig. Gen. Thomas C. Casaday,
national commander, presented
the honorary membership certificate to Jones "in appreciation
for his direct personal support"
of CAP while serving as Chief of
The U.S. Air Force Chief of
Staff Cadet Sweepstakes Trophy

is the full title of the award which
will be presented in December to
the team that scores highest in
the annual cadet competition.
Casaday presented the
membership certificate to Jones
and unveiled the sweepstakes
trophy at a reception following a
CAP advisory panel meeting in
the Pentagon.
He also presented Jones with a
portrait of the chief of staff done
by a CAP staff artist.
Jones became Air Force Chief
o f S t a ff i n J u l y 1 9 7 4 . H e i s
scheduled to become Chairman
of the Joint Chiefs of Staff later
this year.

SPAATZ AWARD -- Cadet Bernard N. Horak Jr., DeWitt Cadet Sq. (New York Wing), center,
receives the Gen. Carl A. Spaatz Award from Brig. Gen. Carl S. Miller, commander of the 21st
NORAD Region, as Capt. William F. Slack, Horak's squadron commander looks on. Miller,
formerly executive director of the Civil Air Patrol, approved the award for Horak. Horak is a
student at Onondaga Community College and is a firefighter with the 174th New York Air
National Guard at Hancock Field, N.Y. (USAF Photo by Charles G. Striker.)

Cadets Visit N. Y. Port Facilities

FLAG PRESENTATION -- Air Force Brig. Gen. Paul E. Gardner, left, executive director of
the Civil Air Patrol, receives a souvenir Maryland state flag from 2nd Lt. Harry D. Leadmon,
Maryland Group 1, at a recent dining out the group held. A flag was also presented to Brig. Gen.
Thomas C. Casaday, second from left, the national commander of CAP. Col. Louisa Morse,
third from left, commander of the Middle East Region, CAP, received a plaque in recognition of
the successful performance of her duties. Other awards were given to Maj. Anthony M. Saladina
who received the Grover Loening Aerospace Award and the Gill Robb Wilson Award, and to
Maj. Phillip E. Cvach and Capt. James E. Diggs who each received the Gill Robb Wilson

BROOKLYN, N.Y. -- Cadets of
the Brooklyn Group (New York
Wing) recently had a tour of the
P o r t A u t h o r i t y o f N e w Yo r k
facilities and Pan American
Airlines facilities at John F.
Kennedy International Airport.
Ten senior members accompanied 64 cadets on the daylong
visit. "This is one of the best
cadet turnouts for an activity
that I've ever seen," said the
commander of one of the participating squadrons.
The tour included a closeup
look at the Concorde supersonic
aircraft. Cadets viewed the Concorde from its boarding ramp at
the airport arrivals building.
They also viewed the plane as it
made its departure in a steep,
banking climb.
The visitors were treated to a
birds-eye view of the field from
the control tower. They also
toured the customs and security
On the Pan American tour, the
cadets saw the 747 hangars,
overhaul facilities and jet engine
shops. They made a ~valk around
inspection of a 747 that was being
overhauled and had a look at the
flight deck of the jumbo jet. They
were given a variety of materials
on airport operations and aircraft specifications.

Both portions of the tour were
planned and coordinated by the
Brooklyn Cadet Sq. 4, with
squadrons from Brooklyn and /
Staten Island attending.
The tours are part of an
"Airlift Careers Program" the
group is conducting for its

For the benefit of all
members of Civil Air Patrol,
the statistics of search and
rescue activities throughout
the organization are shown
These are unofficial figures
compiled by Directorate of
Operations at CAP National
As of May 14, 1978
Number of Missions .........261
Number of Aircraft ....... 2,685
Number of Sorties ........ 5,052
Flying Hours ............11,522.5
Personnel ..................13.263
Saves ............................. 7
Finds ............................ 143

I ......

JUNE 1978



Executive D irector's Comments


Prevent Aircraft Theft
and ask questions like the following:
the cost is relatively high ($75-$85),
Consumer, point out the fact that apBy PAUL E. GARDNER
Will a local fixed base operator
the Aviation Consumer article
proximately $15 million worth of airBrigadier General, USAF
donate or subsidize lockable hangar
suggests that the device is the only
craft and avionics are stolen each
EXecutive Director, CAP
one recommended by the National
y e a r. A l s o , o f t h e a i r c r a f t s t o l e n ,
Is there a well lighted area
Tw o C A P a i r c r a f t w e r e r e c e n t l )
Aviation Theft Bureau.
nearly 80 percent are used to smuggle
stolen and used for joy rides. In the
available to park the aircraft?
Throttle and mixture control locks
contraband from Mexico. In any case
first case, two boys, ages 10 and 16,
Are airport employees informed
are also available. These devices slip
of unauthorized flight, temporary conhot-wired the ignition of a CAP
about CAP activities and requested to
over either the throttle or mixture
fiscation or outright theft, the Civil
Cessna 150 and proceeded to buzz the
monitor the security of unit aircraft?
control rods and lock them in the closAir Patrol cannot afford to be the viccity of Los Angeles
Finally, what additional security
ed position. The cost of these locks is
tim. We must preserve our resources
at approximately
devices or measures are possible conapproximately $20.
so that they are readily available to
100 feet! In the sesidering the local situation and inMany other locking devices are also
respond to emergency missions in an
cond instance, an
dividual safety?
available or may be locally made. In
effort to save a life instead of being
intoxicated 26some instances, the device itself may
I wish that the National Headsubject to use for illegal activities or
year-old man stole
create a safety hazard and, if so, it
quarters could obtain hangar space
jeopardize a life or lives.
a Cessna 140 by
should not be installed. Obviously, we
and sophisticated anti-theft devices
What can we as CAP members do to
breaking the chain
should all be cautious of the type of
for each corporate aircraft, but unforprevent or reduce the possibility of
and padlocked tiesecuring device we intend to use and
tunately financial requirements and
aircraft theft or unauthorized use?
down rings off the
fully analyze all safety considerations
inability to assess individual unit rePreventing theft is virtually impossiaircraft. Although in the first case the
before making any installation.
quirements and procedures prevent
ble, but the threat can be substantially
two boys landed safely and were apAn excellent discussion of anti-theft
these measures.
reduced by making theft as difficult
prehended, the 26-year-old was killed
devices is contained in the issue of
as possible. I have previously stressed
As a result, unit commanders must
when he crashed while buzzing a
Aviation Consumer magazine
the necessity for strict control of ignicontinue to be responsible for the
r e f e r e n c e d e a r l i e r. T h e m a g a z i n e
tion keys and religiously using tiesecurity and control of aircraft and all
These two thefts again highlight the
should be available at most fixed base
downs, control locks and, when possiother equipment and supplies assignfact that an aircraft can be stolen -- if
operator locations and should be read
ble, locked hangars.
ed to their custody. Individual persuathe thief is skillful and/or wants the
by every unit commander that has an
In addition to the above methods of
sion, ingenuity and unit funds are
aircraft badly enough. Although exaircraft assigned.
securing your aircraft, there are
necessary to insure the security reperience in the past indicated that the
I find it notable that in each of the
several other actions that can be
typical thief was a person seeking a
above thefts, the thief bypassed northrill, a pilot or non-pilot about to per- taken. Security locks such as wheel
As CAP members, we have a vital,
mal/routine security devices, but
locks, throttle mixture locks, etc., are
continuing responsibility to set the
form unauthorized maneuvers or expossibly could have been stymied by
commercially available and must now
highest example in the aviation comperiment with flight. Trends show a
the additional hindrance of a seconbe seriously considered for use by all
munity for professional competence
dramatic increase in theft for
dary anti-theft device had one been inunits.
in flight performance and advocating,
monetary gain in smuggling or resale
stalled. I strongly encourage every
The wheel lock consists of a "U"
promoting all aspects of flight safety
of aircraft parts and accessories.
CAP member to become more inshaped aluminum chock which is
and aircraft security. Let us all do.our
Tw o a r t i c l e s , t i t l e d " S t o p T h i e f "
v o l v e d i n a i r c r a f t s e c u r i t y. Ta k e a
secured in place by a steel lock
and "Anti-Theft Gadgets" in the
M a r c h 1 , 1 9 7 8 , i s s u e o f T h e Av i a t i o n c l a m p e d o v e r t h e b r a k e d i s c . A t h o u g h h a r d l o o k a t t h e a i r c r a f t i n y o u r u n i t p a r t .

New Members Should
(EDITOR'S NOTE: Back in the
January 1978 issue, we published
an anonymous little letter about
"I am the member you let get
away," a challenge to those who
ignore new members of a
squadron. But every argument
has its counter-argument. The
reply to that original letter was
supplied by an information officer in the Rhode Island Wing.
"This isn't the first time
someone dropped out for lack of
attention," she says, "and I
thought it (the original letter)
needed a reply." Here it is: )
Newport County Camp. Sq.
Rhode Island Wing
I am the squadron member
that let you get away.
It is true we spent some time
and effort to recruit you and
several others. You did come to a
few meetings, missed a few, and
then one more, and we saw you
no more. We really had no reason
to miss you for you did little to
help us.
Do you remember that night
we gave you an introduction to
the program? It was the same
time you got your application and
found out how much it cost to
join. Do you remember my telling you to look over the Civil Air
Patrol progr:.m? To look in the

conversation and learn about how
Civil Air Patrol News (I gave you
they participated in the last misan old copy at that time) and go
sion. When you watched the
over the material here at the
cadet class, you could have
squadron headquarters (cadet
offered to teach them a skill or
books and teaching aids), read
knowledge, instead of just stanthe material National Headding around.
quarters Sends you and think of
things you can do in the
You noticed members standing
around who should be doing a job.
I am sure I mentioned a few
Some take work home with them,
jobs we need desperately; such
some do something during,
as a pilot, with a plane, who will
before or after the meeting. They
give orientation rides, someone
may teach one class a month, but
willing to give up a few weekends
they show up every week and we
during the year to take cadets to
can count on them to teach a
activities or on bivouacs, and I
class if someone is sick or the
can always use someone to type
film I ordered didn't show up, or
and file.
they help get out some urgent
You should have joined our
paperwork, or they may have
other members who were talking
been the only transportation
in a group and listened to what
some of the cadets have to get to
they were saying. And you should
meetings. They keep posted on
have tried to contribute to the

New Squadron Opens At Yokota
Y O K O TA A B , J a p a n - ' I h e
Yokota Cadet Sq. of the Civil Air
Patrol has been chartered and
had its first meeting May 2.
The main emphasis of the
squadron at Yokota will be the
cadet program, according to
Capt. Joseph M. de Rico, unit
commander. Since the Civil Air
Patrol is restricted from flying
search and rescue missions in
foreign countries, overseas

squadrons will be devoted to
presenting aerospace education
workshops and conducting the
cadet program.
"There is just as great a need
for adults in our program as
there is for young cadets," said
De Rico. "The cadets are the
core of our existence here, but is
interested and knowledgeable
adults who give direction to the

Active In CAP
new programs and search
procedures and they discuss it at
If you want to be entertained or
want cheap flying time, Civil Air
Patrol is not the place for
you. We need members that are
willing to put out that little
extra. The squadron commander
doesn't have time to give you a
special task every week. He has
to do paperwork, .teach classes,

give orientation flights, and
chaperone activities. He was also
a new member a few years ago
and found something meaningful
to do in the CAP program.
Yes, our unit needs help, but
only if you are willing. Don't ask
what can CAP do for me. DO
Read this and come to the next
meeting and tell us how you plan
to pitch in.


N a t i o n a l c o m m a n d e r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Brig. Gen. Thomas . Cagadav, CAP
Executive Director ........................ Brig. Gen. Paul E. Gardner, USAF
D i r e c t o r o f I n f o r m a t i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Lt. Col. Herbert A. Babb, USAF
Editor ....................................................... MSgt. Hugh Borg, USAF
Civil Air Patrol News is an official publication of Civil Air PatroI, a private benevolent orporation whic/b is also on auxiliary of the United States Air Force. It is published monthly at
H e a d q u a r t e r s , C i v i l A i r P a t r o I - U . S . A i r F o r c e / e l , B u i l d i n g 7 1 4 , M a x w e l l A F B , A l a . 3 6 11 2 .
Opinions expressed herein do not necessarily represent those of the U.S. Air Force or any of
Its departments, nor of the Civil Air Patrol Corporation.
E d i t o r i a l c o p y s h o u l d b e s e n t t o g H Q . C A P - U S A F / O I I N , E d i t o r, C i v i l A i r P a t r o l H e w s , M a x w e l l
A F B , A l a . 3 6 11 2 .
C i v i l A i r P a t r o l N e w s d o e s n o t p u b l i s h a n y c o m m e r c i a l a d v e r t i s i n g . H o w e v e r, i t d o e s p u b l i s h
official notices from its own Educatlon'Matorlals Center (Bookstore) and CAP Supply Depot.
P u b l i s h e d b y m a l l s u b s c r i p t i o n a t $ 2 p e r y e a r. C i v i l A i r P a t r o l m e m b e r s h i p i n c l u d e s s u b s c r i p tion dues.
S e c o n d c l a s s p o s t a g e p a i d a t M o n t g o m e r y, A l a . 3 6 1 0 4 .
P o s t m a s t e r ! P | e a s e s e n d F o r m ~ J 5 7 9 t o H Q . C A P - U S l l k F / D P D , M a x w e l l A F B , A J a . 3 6 11 2 .


JUNE 1978


JUNE 1978


Museum's Shops
O p e n F o r To u r s
Reservations for the Friday
tours will be accepted from 10
a.m. on the preceeding Saturday
until noon on the day of the tour
by calling (513)255-3284.
Tours of the shops, scheduled
for June, July and August, are
free and will leave from the front
of the museum at 1 p.m. and
return about 2 p.m.
The museum, located six miles
from downtown Dayton, Ohio, is
open to visitors from 9 a.m. until
5 p.m. Monday through Friday,
and from 10 a.m. until 6 p.m. on
Saturday and Sunday. Admission
and parking are free.

Ohio -- The Air Force Museum's
restoration and storage area here
will be open again this year for
public tours each Friday by appointment beginning June 2.
The shop tours will give
visitors an opportunity to look
behind the scenes at the shop and
storage areas and observe how
the museum prepares displays.
Also, it will give visitors the
chance to examine part of the
museum's study collection.
Due to the nature of the tour,
officials recommend that visitors
be at least 12 years of age.

GLIDER LANDING -- A glider, belonging to the Hawaii Wing, makes a landing at Dillingham
Field on Oahu. It is one of the gliders that will be used to train cadets in the flying encampment
this summer.

H a w a i i Wi n g P l a n s C a d e t
Glider Flying Encampment
HONOLULU, Hawaii-- The
Hawaii Wing will hold its largest
flying encampment at
Dillingham Field July 21-Aug. 4,
Approximately 80 cadets from
all over the nation can be accommodated. The encampment's objective is cadet training and
aerospace education in actual
flying operations.
Three 2-place Schewizer 233A gliders form the mainstay of
the glider flight training portion
of the program. A single place
Schweizer 1-26 will also be
available to cadets who have attained their Glider Private Pilot
Certificate. Two-place and fourplace training airplanes (Cessna
150-172) will also be used in this
year's encampment.
Both ground and flight instruction will be provided by FAAcertificated and CAP-approved
instructors. "We're going to do
two things," said Navy Commander Davidson Luehring, encampment commander. "First
of all, we want to give a good introduction to flying, aimed at
cadets who are interested but
who perhaps have had little experience. Secondly, we want to
provide a good program to build
on previous experience for
cadets who have already had considerable flying--either pre-solo
or post-solo."

The encampment is open to
CAP cadets 13 years of age or
over on Aug. 3, 1978, who have
completed four achievements at
Level Two. Cost will be $65,
which includes meals and miscellaneous supplies.
Cadets should apply on CAP
Form 31 (Special Activities),
forwarded through their
squadron commander to: Commander, Hawaii Wing, Civil Air
Patrol (FE-CC); P.O. Box 29417;
Honolulu, Hawaii 96820. They
should attach a statement in
their own handwriting giving
their qualifications and the
reasons they feel they should be
selected to attend.

Selections for attendance and
for scholarships will be made by
the staff of the Hawaii Wing based on quality of application,
qualifications and geographic
Applications must be accompanied by check or money order
for $65, payable to "Hawaii Wing
C A P. " T h i s a m o u n t w i l l b e
refunded for cadets not selected.
Alternatively, applications may
be accompanied by check or
money order for a $30 nonrefundable deposit, with the remainer
due on notification of selection.
Notifications will be made by
mail about June 30, 1978.

Cadets Nominated To Academy
MAXWELL AFB, Ala. -- Two
Civil Air Patrol cadets have
received appointments to the
U.S. Air Force Academy.
Cadet Mark E. Duarte of the
Richards-Gebaur Comp. Sq.
(Missouri Wing) won a Presidential appointment. A CAP
member since 1973, Duarte is a
past associate of cadet squadrons
at Vandenberg AFB, Calif., av t
Maxwell AFB.
He hopes to enter pilot training
upon graduation f r o m t h e

Cadet Wendy Girton, 355th
Cadet Sq. 105 (Arizona Wing) has
also been nominated to the Air
Force Academy. She is the
former cadet commander of her
A senior at Sabino High School
in Tucson, she has been a
member of the honor society for
three years and has received two
Certificates of Achievement in
the Arizona Math Contests and
three Presidential Physical
Fitness Awards.
~ ) 1972 NeW york News InC.
Wor/d Rights Reser~d

IN ~/Wrl ;)




A N T E N N A TO W E R - - C a d e t P a u l K l p p l e , W i l d e R i v e r
Comp. Sq. (Wisconsin Wing) inspects the beacon tower at Mr.
Telemark where a new antenna for the Wisconsin Group 7
repeater is being installed.




IN 194Oj


oo /




\ L O O K |
~, LIKE.'P .~





(Courtesy of Zack Mosely and Chicago Tribune-N.Y. News Syndicate)


JUNE 1978



A l a b a m i a n s W i n M e d a l s F o r - Va l o r
McMINN, Ala.-- Three
members of the McMinn Comp.
Sq. (Alabama Wing) recently
received the Civil Air Patrol's
Bronze Medal of Valor.
Maj. James F. Flemifig, Capt.
Charles F. Lyner and Cadet J. D.
Humphries III earned the medal
for extricating the persons injured in an aircraft accident at
the McMinn Airport last August.
Col. Duke
C. Bradford,
Alabama Wing commander.
made the presentation.
The aircraft, a Cessna
Skyhawk, bound from McMinn
for Gadsen Ala.. crashed on take
off. injuring the occupants.
Fleming quickly instructed
people nearby to clear the
runway and keep the gathering
crowd from smoking since fuel
was pouring from ruptured
tanks, said 1st Lt. William B.
Wood, squadron commander.
Lyner cleared the area for the
medical personnel and ambulance. Then Fiemming,
Humphries and Senior Member
Mark Nunnally literally tore the
doors from the wreckage with
their bare hands and took them to
safety to await the ambulance,
stated Wood
"Their quick thinking and
decisive action probably contributed to saving the lives of the
front seat occupants," he said.

E ar ns CA P's
Falcon Award
-- Capt. Jay Weinsoff, commander of the North Hollywood
Comp. Sq. 103 (California Wing)
was recently presented the Col.
Frank Borman Falcon Award.
The award was made during the
recent California Wing confere'nce held in Fresno.
Weinsoff became a squadron
commander when the former
c o m m a n d e r, M a j . M a r v i n
Mullins, was named logistics ofricer for California's Group 1.



" 1

~i ~i~!~


VALOR AWARD--Maj. James F. Fleming (left photo), Capt.
Charles F. Lyner (center photo) and Cadet J.D. Humphries,
McMinn Comp. Sq. (Alabama Wing) received the Civil Air

Patrol Bronze Medal of Valor from Col. Duke C. Bradford,
Alabama Wing commander in ceremonies held recently at
Ft. McClellan, Ala.

U.S. Sends Two Pioneer Probes To Venus
By Maj. Edward Crankshaw
HQ. California Wing
SAN JOSE, Calif. -- Since man
first gazed up at the stars, his
curiosity about the heavens has
been intense. Man's drivetoward
knowledge has been one of the
moving forces behind his
development and civilization,
In 1978 man takes another step
toward the stars,
Two Pioneer spacecraft will
make the journey from earth to
Venus, "the bright planet", second from the sun; the closest to
earth in size, mass, and distance
from the sun. The information to

be gathered by these spacecraft
will add significantly to our factual knowledge about our sister
The first of these two Pioneers,
the Orbiter (launch date: May
20) will travel some 300 million
miles to catch up to Venus in its
orbit. When it arrives, it will be
inserted into an elliptical orbit
around the planet. There it will
spend 243 earth-days (one Venus
day) engaged in a variety of
scientific experiments and the
gathering of data about Venus.
The second craft, the
Multiprobe "Bus" is scheduled

cludes the "Bus") will gather
for launch on August 7. It will
and send data for about 57
travel a much shorter, more
minutes, until they impact on the
direct route to Venus. As it apsurface of the planet. They are
proaches the planet, it will
not expected to survive beyond
release first one large, then three
smaller probes. Each of these ~ impact.
will be aimed at a different area
Present knowledge of Venus'
of the globe. The probes will, as
atmosphere leads us to believe
they enter Venus' atmosphere,
that it will be very "hostile" to
send data directly to NASA's
the probes. The atmosphere
Deep Space Network radio
appears to be loaded with acid
stations stragetically located
very much like sulphuric acid
around earth. This data will
Should one of the probes survive
provide scientists with material
beyond impact, it is not likely to
for several years' scientific
be able to withstand the ravages
of the atmosphere for verylong.
Each of the five probes (this inYou might be wondering at thia
point whatthePioneerMissions
have to do with Civil Air Patrol.
Directly, nothing; indirectly,
The next day more people
quite a lot. Missions like these
arrived for duty, but the exercise
are the "paving stones" in man's
was again suspended because a
road to the stars. The CAP cadet
lost student pilot needed rescuof today is learning about the
aerospace world of tomorrow.
The cadet today is the astronaut,
When the exercise finally got
mission controller, shuttle pilot,
started again, the pilot couldn't or scientific experimenter of
find the target parachute
such missions in the future.
because some children in the
The Civil Air Patrol is inarea had carried it off.
timately involved in these
programs. But, without senior
member support of the cadet
program, in all areas, our involvement will grow less each
day. Unless the cadet is en~
- couraged and supported in his el-

Real Missions Interrupt Exercise
BANGOR, Maine -- Members
of the Maine Wing had a hard
time getting a joint exercise with
Civil Defense off the ground
recently because they kept getting interrupted by real missions.
To begin with, every available
person was doing several jobs
because the National Guard and
Reserve drill weekend took some
of the CAP personnel away. Then

just as the evaluators from wing
headquarters arrived, a mission
was called to search for the
s o u r c e o f a n E LT s i g n a l
"somewhere in northern Maine."
The signal proved to be from
an aircraft that landed on a
rough dirt strip. The pilot had
gone off fishing without checking
his transmitter. And the exercise




- , ~ , . f o r t s t o l interested? w i l l h e r ecadet
e a r n , h o w The CAP m a i n
squadron that does not have an
active aerospace education officer is depriving tomorrow's
world of a proportion of its
' '
leadership. The CAP senior
squadron that does not actively
support cadet activities and
aerospace education is con._~i~,,-,r---"
tributing to this neglect.
The expression might be
somewhat time-worn, even
hackneyed, but its validity
remains certain: "The Civil Air
Patrol cadet of today is the
aerospace-world leader of
tomorrow." Our cadet program
is a good and certain resource for
aerospace leadership in the
Man is making ever-greater
...... '"
strides toward the stars. Each
passing day brings more and
better understanding of the many
mysteries of our Universe. All of
Beach Cities Cadet Sq. 107 and featured representatives from
PREFLIGHT -- Pilot Jean McConnell, South Bay Sr. Sq. 129
us should make a greater effort
the aviation and aerospace industries in the Los Angeles area.
(California Wing), left, shows cadets from California Group 1
to enhance this progress at every
(Photo by Capt. Jerry Avery)
a portion of the preflight inspection during a recent Aerospace
Careers Day. The activity was sponsored bY members of the



JUNE 1978

Cadet Paul Reynolds begins a regular rappei.

Cadet Carolyn Hollis is ready to try the Australian Rappei. "

Cadet Tells About Emergency Service Training
Huntsville Comp. Sq.

AXmmm Wmg

After joining the Civil Air
Patrol in the fall of 1977, I began
looking forward to my first encampment, which I thought
would be the Wing Summer Encampment at Maxwell AFB.
However, our squadron learned
of a Type B Encampment to be

held at Redstone Arsenal in
Huntsville during the school
spring holidays.
All Alabama squadrons were
invited to send cadets to the
Ranger and Emergency Service
Training. The activity was sponsored by the Albertville Comp.
Sq., commanded by Capt. George
Jackson He was also the mission
commander, and coordinator.
Thirty-six cadets, from 12 to 18

years in age reported Sunday
afternoon, March 12, 1978. The
parents and chaperones visited
the barracks and after they left
we were divided into two flights;
A Flight, called Airborne Angels,
and B Flight, called the Jettinights. Each cagier was a~signed a bunk and locker that had to
meet military standards.
All events were graded
because an award would be given
to the best flight and the best
cadet at the end of the week.
Our meals were taken at an
Army mess hall on the arsenal.
We had free time at night which
was spent mostly at the PX and
bowling lanes.
The main part of our training
and the favorite activity was

learning the basic skills of
rappelling. A nearby college,
Alabama A and M, let us use
their rappelling tower and
members of their ROTC Ranger
Unit taught the classes. Almost
all the ¢~al~e~ went down the 40-.
foot tower and a few even tried
the difficult Australian rappel.
We learned a lot and I am sure it
will help in the land SAR.
Another major part of our
training was four hours instruction in Red Cross multimedia
first aid. If we passed a written
test, a card certifying our
proficiency was given to us.
At the beginning of the week
we saw the arrival of the Space
Shuttle vehicle aboard its Boeing
747. Later in the week, we visited

the shuttle close up and saw it on
the ground along with its huge
fuel tank.
On Friday we had a stand-by
inspection and drill competition.
There was lots of drill during the

w~~ r~. d~ ~~t,~ ......
This was a good experience zor
the new cadets and good practice
for the more advanced cadets.
Saturday was graduation day.
A Flight won the competition by
five points, and Todd G. Benson
of the Bessemer Comp. Sq. was
named best cadet.
I think this week on Redstone
Arsenal was of great benefit in
that it showed us what military
courtesy is all about. It taught us
self discipline and some responsibility.

Photos By Tony Triolo, Huntsville (A!a.) Times

Cadet Carolyn Hollisbegins the Australian rappel.

One of the trainers checks Cadet Doug Cates before he starts his rappel.


majority of Civil Air Patrol
members think that a national
publication such as Civil Air
Patrol News is "vitally
necessary" to CAP, but a majority of cadets think that such a
publication is only "useful."
At least that's what the results
of a reader survey, published in
the February 1978 issue of the
paper, indicate. The survey was conducted in response to a 1977 inspection report from the Air
University Inspector General at
Maxwell AFB, Ala.
Replies were receivedfrom333
persons -- 97 cadets and 236
seniors. Results of the survey
will be studied in efforts to improve this newspaper.
Cadet and seniors also disagreed on how well the paper
fulfills its role of keeping
members informed. The largest
number (41.1 percent) of seniors
replying to the survey think the
paper is "excellent." However,
the largest number of cadets
(47.4 percent) rated it no higher

JUNE 1978



Think 'News' Necessary

t h a n " g o o d . " Tw o s e n i o r
members and three cadets said
that itis"worthless."
Of the senior members, 48.3
percent said they read the paper
" c o v e r t o c o v e r. " B u t t h e
largest percentage of cadets, 42.3
percent, said that they only read
"most of it."
According to the survey, the
most interesting type of news
published in Civil Air Patrol
News is that related to search
and rescue or other emergency
activities. Seniors and cadets
agreed on this and on an overall
total of 61.6 percent said they
preferred this type news.
Among seniors, the second
highest interest (53 percent) was
"information or announcements
from National Headquarters."
Cadets chose the "cadet
program" as runner-up in news
Among all special features
p u b l i s h e d i n t h e p a p e r, t h e
"Bulletin Board," drawing a 54.7
percent overall rating, was the
favorite. Sixty-four percent of

One favorite request was that a
seniors chose this feature as best
liked and 32 percent of the cadets
"letters to the editor" column or
did so. Top choice for the cadets,
a "question and answer" column
however, was the "CAP News in
be published each month. In the
Pictures" pages.
latter, staff members at National
A number of replies received in
Headquarters would answer
the survey expressed a desire to questions submitted by readers.
see advertising published in the
Still other replies asked that inpaper once again -- primarily as
formation on communications be
a source of information on where published, some expressing a
desire for technical type columns
to purchase uniforms, supplies,
on CAP communications.
etc., other than at the Bookstore.
Numbers of replies requested
Several replies asked that the
paper publish a "history corner,"
"how-to" columns, first aid infeaturing anecdotes and stories
structions and survival tips -from the early days of CAP, as
and tips on programs for meeting
well as photos of early day airplanes, including those used by
Some members wanted to see
the Air Force during World War ,more news about units on the
II. Other replies suggested a
East Coast, or in the Southeast,
series of photos be published
or in the mid-West, or in the
showing all the various aircraft
Western States -- and less news
used today by CAP.
about the Western States, or the
Many replies asked for more
mid-West, or the Southeast, or
local news or more squadron
the East Coast.
news. Still others urged that
Only a few replies had anything
there be less "social news" and derogatory to say about Civil Air
Patrol News. But many of them
less news in which names are used, and more news of general
had such kind words as: "It's OK
national interest.
as is," or "I can't think of any

way" to improve it.
Some suggested cutting the
paper back to every-othermonth, or even once every three
months, or cutting down the size
to save money. Others said,
"Enlarge it as is." Some
suggested that use of color is not
needed, but others asked for
more pictures in color.
But, all in all, the survey indicates one thing for sure: Most
Civil Air Patrol members are
serious about their activities in
the organization, proud of it,
eager to learn, and dedicated to
help their fellow Americans.
A tabulation of replies to the
various questions appears below.
This tabulation is given by totals
and by percentages, with seniors
and cadets listed separtely, and a
combined total being given. Since
multiple replies were given to
many of the questions, the
percentages will not add up to
100. Some of the typical comments given in answer to the
various questions appear on page

Tabulations Of Results
Number PerCent Number PerCent Num-Per
Of Replies Of Replies Of Replies Of Replies ber Cent
1. Are you a senior, cadet? .....
2. What is your primary interest
in Civil Air Patrol?
175 52.6
a. Air search and rescue .....
122 36.6
b. Flying in general .........
c. Ground rescue or other
emergency service activity
90 27.0
not involving flying ........
86 25.8
d. Radio communication .....
118 35.4
e. CAP's youth (cadet) program
f. CAP's Aerospace Education
67 20.1
Program .................
36 10.6
g. Other (Please specify) ....
3. In your opinion, a nationallevel publication such as Civil
Air Patrol News is:
210 63.1
a. Vitally necessary .........
120 36.0
b. Useful ...................
c. Not Really Needed ........
4. How would you rate Civil Air
Patrol News as a tool for
keeping members informed
about the organization?
131 39.3
a. Excellent ................
136 40.8
b. Good ....................
43 12.9
c. Average .................
17 5.1
d. Poor ....................
5 1.5
e . Wo r t h l e s s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5. What portion of Civil Air Patrol
News do you read?
150 45.0
a. Cover to cover ............
121 36.3
b. Most of it .................
2 5 7.5
c. About half ...............
2 1 6.3
d. Maybeone-third ..........
16 4.8
e . Ve r y l i t t l e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
f. None ....................
6. What type of news in Civil
Air Patrol News interests you
a. Search and rescue or other
205 61.6
emergency services .......
h. News about aircraft or
126 37.8
flying ....................
c. Information or announcements from National
150 45.0
Headquarters .............
d. Cadet Programs and
114 34.2
activities .................
113 33.9
e. Local squadron activities ..
f. News about aerospace
education programs and
7 9 23.7
activities .................
4 3 12.9
g. Other (Please specify) ....
7. What other type news, not now
being published in Civil Air
Patrol News, would you like to
201 60.4
see used? (Please be specific) .

Number Per Cent Number Per Cent Num- Per
Of Replies Of Replies Of Replies Of Replies ber Cent
8. What special features do you
like best?
a. Aero-Astro Answers (cartoon)
b. Bulletin Board ............
c. "SAR" People Column ....
d. National Commander's/
Executive Director's Columns
e. Search statistics ..........
f. "People in the News" Column
g. CAP News in Pictures pages
h. Other (Please specify) ....
9. What other feature, not now
being published, would you like
to see used in Civil Air Patrol
News. (Please be specific) ...
10. If you could, what one thing
would you do to improve Civil
Air Patrol News (without
spending any more money)?
(Please be specific) ........





55 16.5
182 54.7
112 33.6





90 27.0
120 36.0
123 36.9
162 48.6
1 9 5.7





180 54.1





175 52.6

Comments On Specific
Questions In Survey
The following are some of the comments
received in answer to the recently published reader survey.
Question No. 2
What is your primary interest in Civil
Air Patrol? Other:
Se nior Answers:
Administration and command.
Chaplain program.
Community Service Projects.
Staff positions, logistics, supply.
Personal development.
Civil Defense support.
Leadership education.
ECI, staff college, upgrading CAP personnel.
Aircraft maintenance.
Cadet Answers:
Ranger Program.
Encampments at Air Force bases.
First aid training.
Military education.
It will help me to get into the Air Force

Leadership development.
I j ust want to get my pilot license.
Flight operations.
Administrative support.
Question No. 6
What type of news in Civil Air Patrol
News interests you the most? Other.
Senior Answers:
Any success story pertaining to CAP
concerning "finds" and acts of courage by
Regional or national news of specific
wing methods and practices.
CAP scholarship programs. How they
work, applications procedures, etc.
Any news that ties in Air Force support
on any phase of CAP.
News from our own region.
Tr a i n i n g a w a r d s t h a t i n d i v i d u a l s
What local squadrons do to recruit and
keep members.
Squadron activities other than Ranger
types and SARs; that's all that's ever
"How-to" articles from professionals.
(See COMMENTS, Page 13)

lJ[ l[] l[ II II ll[]l

::iiiiiiii!iiiiiiiii iliiiiiiiiiiiiii!iiiiiii ii::iiiii ii

:.D! Rising terrain, fog, rain, and snow sometimes reduce the visibility to almost
Only a short time ago, turbulence violently shook the bird. DOWNDRAFTS
ed to pull the aircraft out of the sky and LIGHTNING flashed through the
s t i o n , n a r r o w l y m i s s i n g t h e w i n g s . W H AT ' S T H I S ! I C I N G ! J U S T G R E AT !
ildotodeservethls? What can I do to get out of it?
I r a m a t i c ? Yo u b e t i t i s ! F a r f e t c h e d ? I f y o u t h i n k s o , a s k s o m e o n e w h o h a s
imilar predicament. Ask the "mountain folk" in CAP units which share the
es with mountainous terrain. These people are a peculiar and proud breed.
mong the first to admit even good mountain flyers have their problems.
A I N F LY I N G d e m a n d s a g r e a t e r M A R G I N F O R S A F E T Y. T h e p i l o t w h o
rent can easily get caught without a BACK DOOR to go through! Let' s look at
e factors to consider when planning and conducting a flight, especially in
s terrain.
ULENCE. Consider the cause, e.g., wind flowing over/around rugged terrain
~w flight below aircraft maneuvering speed may be absolutely necessary.
PITATION. Will it reduce visibility or adhere to aircraft surfaces? Freezing rain
CONDITIONS. If forecast or found to exist near the surface (1,000-3,000 ft
>t icing to occur all the way down to the surface!
D E R S TO R M S . E i t h e r v i s i b l e o r e m b e d d e d i n v i s i b i l i t y l i m i t i n g p h e n o m e n o n
n, fog, or clouds), these storms can drastically and rapidly change weather cone surrounding vicinity.
DRAFTS. May exceed aircraft capability to remain airborne or preclude safe
eve obstacles.
AFTS. May force aircraft upward into areas of increased turbulence, icing, or
light conditions.
A I N E L E VAT I O N . H i g h t e r r a i n r e q u i r e s h i g h e r fl i g h t a l t i t u d e s w h i c h i n t u r n
lble engine power. An unsupercharged engine at I0,000 feet MSL has about 2/3
s available sea-level rated horsepower! Engine induction icing further reduces
' . t i m e s
t o
Z I L C H !
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

-TERRAIN PROFILE. Rugged terrain features may aggravate adverse conditions such
as turbulence and reduce dispersion of other weather phenomenon, e.g., fog, clouds. Wide
valleys may offer shelter from turbulence or clouds which conceal peaks and ridges; however, consider aircraft maneuvering space (vertically and horizontally) and aircraft capabilities. Forested areas do not offer possible forced landing sites normally associated with
smooth, barren surfaces.
- H I G H W AY S A N D R O A D S . M a y o f f e r e x c e l l e n t g r o u n d r e f e r e n c e p o i n t s d u r i n g
r e d u c e d v i s i b i l i t y. M a y a l s o o ff e r e m e r g e n c y l a n d i n g s i t e s ; h o w e v e r, P O W E R L I N E S a n d
vehicle traffic density may deny safe use. In short, use caution for possible obstructions,
E S P E C I A L LY d u r i n g c o n d i t i o n s o f L O W V I S I B I L I T Y A N D AT N I G H T ! ( Tw o C A P a i r craft hit p_owerilnes this year.)
- AIRPORTS. Routes selected should consider distance between airports. Ruggedterrain and adverse weather favor short distances between possible landing sites.
W E AT H E R F O R E C A S T S A N D R E P O RT S . P r o b a b l y t h e g r e a t e s t f a c t o r t o c o n s i d e r.
Forecasts and observations in mountainous terrain can change rapidly and often do. Many
remote areas have no reports, observations, or forecasts. Forecasts are general in nature;
therefore, the worst conditions mentioned, AIRMETS, and SIGMETS, must be seriously
considered. Pilot reports are a welcomed resource in these areas.
- C O M M U N I C AT I O N S R A D I O S . L i m i t e d o r n o r a d i o c o m m u n i c a t i o n c a p a b i l i t y i s
poor insurance in mountain flying regardless of weather conditions.
. FLIGHT PLANS. Failure to file and follow a flight plan in challenging terrain can be
disastrous. The response time and risk involved in searching terrain of this nature is greatly
reduced if problems arise and assistance is required.
- S U R V I VA L G E A R . A p p r o p r i a t e c l o t h i n g s h o u l d b e w o r n , e s p e c i a l l y i f t e m p e r a t u r e s
are low. Don't always rely on clothing packed in a kit. Survivors can't always open the kit,
much less don clothing. Food, water, flares, and first-aid equipment are excellent insurance.
A l t h o u g h t h e p r e s e n c e o f s u c h e q u i p m e n t m a y c a u s e a n x i e t y, t h e l a c k o f t h e s e i t e m s ( i f
needed) may cause worse.
M A R G I N f o r S A F E T Y i s a n e c e s s i t y, e x p e r i e n c e d m o u n t a i n fl y e r s m a y a d d m o r e
f a c t o r s t o c o n s i d e r. T h e FA A c i r c u l a r t i t l e d " Ti p s o n M o u n t a i n F l y i n g " i s a n e x c e l l e n t
source of information.
A MARGIN for SAFETY in any activity should allow for human error and the diff e r e n c e b e t w e e n w h a t i s k n o w n a n d u n k n o w n . T h e M O U N TA I N F LY E R o f t e n h a s m a n y
f a c t o r s t o c o n s i d e r s i m u l t a n e o u s l y. I f Y O U m u s t fl y i n m o u n t a i n o u s t e r r a i n , B E
PREPARED! The record is full ofcases where OTHERS WEREN'T!
. . . .
.-....... ....... .-...-.-.-.-. ..........-.....,.,;.;.:.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'-'.';';';-;.:-:.:.:.:.: ....... .,;,;,:,;,:,:,:,:,:,:,:,:,:,:;:;:;:;:;.;,:, ::.:.:.:.:.:....;:; :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::







PA G E T I ~ N

JUNE 1978

W i n t e r S u r v i v a l Tr a i n i n g
In Massachusetts...
Tri-County Comp. Sq.
Massachusetts Wing
HUDSON, Mass. -- The
Massachusetts Wing held its
winter Ranger School at Turners
Falls Airport.
Some cadets there were tested
for Basic Ranger Qualification.
The test takes the entire weekend
to complete Most of it is practical application of what the
cadets learned in classes at
previous schools and in squadron
These cadets were divided into
teams of four to six members.
Each team had to pick a campsite, build a snow shelter, build a
fire for warmth and cooking and
dig a team latrine.
While traveling to and from
their campsites, the cadets had
to contend with snow that was hip
deep in places. It consisted of a
one-inch crush covering
crystalized power. It wasn't
possible to build the igloo type of
shelter because the snow could
not be packed.
The teams planned and constructed their own shelters. One
team cut blocks of the crust and
stacked them to make shelter

walls, using their ponchos and
space blankets for a covering.
Another wove dead branches as a
support for a snow wall. Another
was dug out from around a tree
and covered with foliage.
Each team slept in its own
shelter Saturday night. The
cadets had to remember what
they had learned about cold
weather bedding, frostbite and
how to keep the water in their
canteens from freezing

pletion of one or two items at the
next Ranger School.
The first-time attendees at this
year's school also had special activities. After being briefed on
using snowshoes, they were
divided into three teams for a
snowshoe race. Then they had a
class in fire-building and a firebuilding competition, in which
their fire had to stay lit for two
minutes. They also had a class on
shelter building and constructed
a paratepee.

Sunday the cadets were tested
on map and compass skills. They
were given maps and asked to
navigate over a course using a
compass. They were required to
triangulate their positions and
show their ability to use back

Senior members attending the
school had a course in ranger
jeep driving and maintenance.
They had to know how to drive a
standard transmission and use a
four-wheel drive, as well as normal maintenance and troubleshooting techniques.

Each cadet testing for Basic
Ranger had to solve first aid
situation problems supervised
by two emergency medical
techinicians from the Franklin
County Cadet Sq.

The course also covered on and
off the road driving. At the end of
the training, the students drove a
test course to qualify for a CAP
driver's license.

Cadet ICevin Kervick takes over the lead in the cadet ranger
snow shoe race.

They were also quizzed on
radiological monitoring techniques and had to demonstrate knot
tying. Part of the test consisted
of hand signals, body signals and
whistle signals.
Seventeen cadets successfully
completed the requirements for
Basic Ranger at this school.
Many more will pass after corn-

Cadet Andrew Warner, left, team leader, comes out of his team's shelter as Ist Lt. Frank
Parker stops to inspect it.

, ~ m l l l ~ ~ ~ "

During the fire building competition, Cadet Linda Cintolo
watches intently for her fire to catch.

~ " "

Cadet Peter Kiley, left, demonstrates his knot-tying ability to assistant testing officer Ist Lt.
Frank Parker. (Photos by 2nd Lt. Albert Cochran)



JUNE 1978

A nd In Pennsyt ania
HAWK MOUNTAIN, Pa. -Deep snow drifts and severe cold
last winter gave cadets attending
the Pennsylvania Wing winter
survival school a supreme test,
according to 1st Lt. Raymond
Kaminski, Pennsylvania Ranger
information officer.
Over 200 cadets participated in
the schools at Hawk Mountain
and Chaneysville, receiving
special training in the techniques
of winter survival. "It was the
toughest test of survival for
cadets in over 15 years."
The snow made cross-country
almost impossible, he said.
Snowmobiles used in rescue work
were halted because of the heavy
Lt. Col. S. J. Curto and Capt.
Hubert Waskovich were commanders of the two Pennsylvania
winter survival schools.
Training for these cadets will

~°I~nt~J~o inn~ri 1! iang ~hKeS~tOOml.i~~
Photos by
1st. Lt. Ray Kaminski


, ~
~ "


On e of the school participants cuts firewood.

A cadet maintains the squadron log.

-" /


A cadet prepares a


camp site.


Cadets take a rest break during a hike.

The squadron area with tents and packs was home to personnel attending the winter survival school.

Evening was time for a dinner in the field.

JUNE 1978
1. ELT LICENSES. In March 1976, the NEC approved a shared-cost purchase plan to provide each CAP
Region/Wing with a training ELT. As of this date license applications have been received for less than one half of
the purchase units. Operation of the Pointer 6000 model training ELT without a license is a violation of FCC
regulations. The deadline for submitting license applications to DOK for forwarding to FCC is 30 August 1978.
Pending receipt of a license the Pointer 6000 ELT may be used under a USAF waiver similar to procedures for
use of the EBC 102. Currently, only these two units may be legally used under license or waiver. Use of locally
modified, individually purchased ELTs of any other type or model is unauthorized and violates FCC regulations.
The FCC Form 406 must be used for license application and must be received by DOK not later than 30 August
1978. Exercise of the USAF waiver requires liaison officer action as outlined in CAP-USAFR 100-4. Specification notifications are mandatory before ELT training can be conducted. WARNING: To prevent internal unit
errosion by leaking batteries, ELT batteries should be removed when the unit is stored or not used for an
extended period. Batteries should be periodically checked for condition. Pointer batteries may produce a toxic
gas and liquid solution. Upon opening Pointer cases caution should be taken not to breathe the gas or permit the
liquid to contact the skin. Pointer units that become inoperative or require maintenance should be returned to
the manufacturer for service or repair. Contact DOK if further information is required.

i iiiiiiiiyii,j





2. AIRLIFT. Headquarters CAP-USAF annual airlift letter lists all activities for which military airlift may be
requested for CAP members. CAPR 76-1, paragraph 3f, outlines procedures for providing requirements to a
USAF approving official and paragraph 4b(2) cites USAF responsibility in submitting approved airlift requests.
All contacts, coordination with military airlift units must be made by the USAF liaison officer. CAP contacts
with Air Force base designated liaison officers should address support other than air transportation.













3. SENIOR MEMBER OF THE YEAR. All commanders are reminded of the
dates for this award.


in the schedule of due

15 June - Wing recommendations to region commanders
15 July -Region recommendations to National Headquarters


Remember this is an excellent opportunity to recognize hard working senior members at the grass-roots level.DPH
4. UNIFORM TIP OF THE MONTH. Just a reminder that the tan service uniform, shade 1550, will be phased
out 30 September 1978.






CAPR 5-4, "Publications and Blank Forms Management," I May 1978, supersedes CAPR 5.4, 1 March

b. CAPR 20~3, "Charters and Other Organization Actions," I May 1978, supersedes CAPR 20-3, 11 July

What d



Change 2, CAPM 39.2, C i Air Patrol Membership, 1 May 1978, has been published.
" vii "

been in a :
friendly sk


d. Change 1, CAPM 50-17, "Senior Training Program," 1 May 1978, has been pubfished.




f. CAPF 78, "Mishap Report Form," April 1978, supersedes CAPF 78, February 73.

thinks diff(
some of t
m o u n t a in o


e. CAPR 900-10, "Wing Effectiveness Evaluation Program," 1 May 1978, has been published.

features. S




iiiiiiii "ii"~i

AG L), exce


- TH UI'


clearance al

iiM:: ......
The Civil Air Patrol BULLETIN is published bimonthly (Jan., Mar., May, July, Sup., and Nov.). It contains
official announcements, interim changes to CAP publications, and other items of interest for all CAP members.


ii:i :!:i:i:i:i:i:i:!



reduce avai
or less of i
power, sam

JUNE 1978



Comments On Specific Questions In Survey
(Continued From Page 8i
Communications technical articles,
camping technique articles.
Survival techniques, paramedic activities, mental attitudes of survivability.
Educational type articles, skills upgrade.
How to wear uniform.
Training tips and ideas for doing job
Wing and regional activities.
News from wing chaplains, national
Various training seminars.
Very poor detailed information. Seems
like the biggest get news in only. Get
everybody in. Stories are like boiler plate.
More specific training articles.
I feel you cover just about everything.
It's good reading.
Cadet Answers:
Nothing. This thing is worthless and
poorly written and just plain stupid.
You should have a paper for each state.
Your paper covers the whole country.
CAP's achievements all over.
National schools for search and rescue,
drill teams.
News about other squadrons.
Question No. 7
What other type news, not now being
published in Civil Air Patrol News, would
you like to see used? (Please be specific.)
Senior Answers:
OK as is.
More on what cadet squadrons are doing
on actual nights as programs for cadets.
Information on good education
programs developed by other units.
News on foreign CAP organizations -- if
any -- and how they compare to U.S. CAP
More information on aviation and communications.
I see nothing else that would be better.
You now have a very good publication.
More human interest stories on cadets
and long-time seniors.
Feature a particular CAP uniform item
each month.
Possibly a question and answer section.
This could be a tool for new members and
new commanders.
Safety news, accidents involving CAP
aircraft, vehicles and personnel, and steps
to be taken to prevent recurrence.
Opportunities for advancement in CAP
Education, conferences, seminars are
too short and shallow, too many and too
superficial. CAP could supplement what
Challenger and Blue Beret programs.
Courses being given in each region. So
many are not informed and therefore miss
out on many activities.
No deficiencies noted.
Supply sources for uniforms, ELTs and
communications equipment.
Most areas are as thoroughly covered as
possible, but some "news" is a little stale.
More operational items that deal with
search and rescue.
Monthly report on ELTs, missions,
finds, suspended -- Red Cross and Civil
Defense assistance.
Generally speaking, I think it is pretty
well rounded.
Squadron money-raising projects,
organizations sponsoring CAP units, outstanding people in CAP and awards other
than CAP (show CAP members are interested in other activities.
More articles on SAR evaluation score,
identifying problems. Local squadrons and
groups need to know they share problems
and maybe someone's good ideas will
help. Articles on how to simplify
paperwork and other aspects of
SARCAPs, etc., are good.
A list of every Spaatz Award winner
each month.
In-depth safety (prevention) relative to
aircraft and vehicle operations.
Search procedures -- one item each
Communications column.

Mental attitudes (survival) from the
downed pilot's outlook. Mental outlook
controls the physical in most cases.
More technical items on communications.
Private aviation safety equipment; new
airplanes, aviation opportunities.
More "how we accomplished that"
stories about how individuals in units solved problems that will face other units.
Should be sufficiently specific to serve as
Some ways that CAP units enable USAF
and other military units to do their job a
little better, i.e., closer ties to patriotic
Dedicate a page each month to proper
uniforms, where to wear, where to buy.
Publish a report on new regs and forms
in advan.ce.
Outstanding members of the month, picture and article.
Letter to the editor column that tells
both sides of the issue.
More local news.
More of changes and existing
regulations published as the ordinary
members have slight access to the regs in
most units.
Recruiting articles that would allow
showing articles to would-be new recruits.
Cadet answers:
Less national and much, much more
wing news.
More detailed articles on encampments.
Air Force aircraft picture and promotion of the Air Force in general.
Interviews with cadets.
News about other wings.
More squadron activities that other
squadrons are doing.
Vital news in general aviation.
List of programs on the armed forces.
Rescue from the point of viewof the victim.
An interview section where news people
would contact local USAF/IO and have
h i m i n t e r v i e w interesting people
throughout CAP.
More from cadet officers on their
leadership abilities.
Historic information dealing with the
Air Force and CAP.
More coverage of wing and region drill
More about American fighter planes.
News about more hand-to-hand work
with USAF recruiters.
News about local squadrons in New
A list of all the missions of the previous
Civil Air Patrol News covers everything
Information requirements on the Air
Force Academy.
Things happening in the Air Force
New Aircraft.
More news on cadet activities.
Radio communications.
More ground search.
About new aircraft equipment or new
Ranger equipment.
Special close-up articles on each wing or
individual squadrons.
Events to go to.
Ideas for cadets, fund raisers and community projects.
Air Force bases and aerospace-related
companies willing to host CAP activities
and formal banquets in each region.
More history of old CAP seniors.
What different squadrons do on their
meeting nights.
The use of the new metal insignia rather
than the cloth which are better.
Current aerospace events in general
(space shuttle, cruise missile, etc. ).
First aid and survival articles.
Try adding a daily chuckle.
Question No. 8
What special features do you like best?
Senior Answers:
Search experiences, more senior
member experiences.
Flight safety.

More and longer "People in the News" a career.
A trouble shooter column for troubled
c o l u m n s ( n o t s o s k e t c h y, a l i t t l e
background, etc.).
Maybe a region of the month contest.
Equipment, uniforms, interest developPublic relations tips from units.
ing meeting.
Follow-up on people saved.
Chaplain's column.
More "Aero-Astro Answers."
News Briefs.
A special section for cadets or seniors.
Articles on aircraft operations and safeTips on outdoor survival.
CA P historical events.
The "how to be a successful squadron"
Academy programs.
Squadron meeting places. What other
I liked when the paper had advertising;
squadrons need.
several times I got good information from
Series on how best cadet sqpadrons run
More than Maxwell where to buy unTrue happenings dealing with human
More SAR news of squadrons in the
Column dedicated to first-aid techniEast.
Not a real strong publication, needs ques.
Take one SAR mission and go into detail
about it.
State aid to wings summary.
Each month I would like to see a report
Critiques of some of our mistakes. I'm
on a squadron or wing that did something
wary of any organization that can't admit
really outstanding.
it's occasionally wrong.
Question No. 10
How to improve search base ground
If you could, what one thing would you
crew procedures.
do to improve Civil Air Patrol News
Cadet Answers:
{without spending any more money?)
News Briefs.
Please be. specific.
I liked your coverage on cadet competiSenior Answers:
Group information of CAP according to
Question No. 9
wings instead of regions.
What other feature, not now being
Omit the fat cat photos and publish more
published, would you like to see used in
news of the wing and squadrons that you
Civil Air Patrol News?
consistently delete. Some issues resemble
Senior Answers:
a society of who's who in uniform.
Articles written by cadets themselves.
The publication is excellent in its preArticles on advancement for each staff
sent form.
Less administrative gobbledegook.
Sources of equipment, such as aircraft,
Wouldn't there be some kind of savings
ground gear,
radio, clothing, SAR
by not forcing households to take more
anything related to CAP.
than one copy.
A feature used as an incentive to
How to do it survival article each
motivate cadet interest.
Each issue, story about each aircraft
Activities at squadron level.
type used in CAP.
Delete items that only get someone's
Tips on maintenance of CAP aircraft.
name in the paper.
A schedule of coming events, major conferences, region or national schools, etc.,
Create a monthly centerfold that can be
each month for two or three months
used as a poster.
One-haif as many issues, each one twice
A reader comment column.
as good and reduce national dues an
equivalent amount.
Short stories of old and new homemade
You cannot improve this paper without
or restored aircraft.
spending some money. Not spending
An editorial or question and answer section.
money, you have a rag of a paper.
Ad vertising on reliable equipment.
I enjoy Civil Air Patrol News as it is.
In all honesty, I would save money and
More flying and aerospace safety.
A section dealing with cadets and
terminate publication.
seniors who are successful in private life.
Leave out the cartoons.
Specific projects concerning rebuilding
Compress verbage.
aircraft, vehicles and equipment.
Regulations summaries in understanCadet Answers:
dable language. Feature one reg a month.
I wouldn't even bother to send this to
Ideas for program.
"How to do it" column for air educators
Try to get more about each wing, or
-- not just pictures of cadet field trips.
even each squadron.
Information on ways and means of getHave more space for all of the small
ting more and better aircraft equipment
for squadron.
More squadron news.
More cartoons b y Z a c k M o s l e y
Cut down on some of the news briefs.
(especially girls).
Promote the need for good IOs.
More stories on people saved.
More tips for squadron growth.
Breakdown on where dues go.
I believe this paper is excellent.
Throw out social news and make this a
It's all right like it is.
professional publication for professionals.
when writing articles about cadets, give
A special gripe column, where distheir grade and not just "cadet."
enchanted persons or members can use
You say CAP is selling old planes when
the forum as a means to expand and imwe get the new ones, but no information is
prove themselves.
included on the way you can buy one for
Locator column -- locate friends that
private use.
are in different squadrons, moved, etc.
Put more color print and pictures.
Expand your obituary column.
Try to get more pictures of cadets.
Regular feature on possible or pending
You should mention the USAF in greater
legislation that might affect CAP.
Selected items from Bookstore and
Rearrange the paper and put some picorder blank.
tures in color.
More pictures of cadet activities.
Use more of the news sent in by
Change of address clipping.
Terse self-survival hints or procedures.
Make it bigger.
Personal comment column.
Print a comic section.
A good cartoon (single cartoon or an
It is just as good as our hometown
adventure) just for comic relief.
paper! Almost!
Proper use and care of all CAP vehicles
I would like to see cadet ranks listed.
and aircraft.
Have a column about CAP in World War
Cadet Answers:
Something worth reading.
More people in "People in The News."
How many cadets choose the military as
Promote CAP more.

JUNE 1978



C o u r s e Teaches
Mountain Rescue
Tennessee Wing

course, which attracted some 25
persons, including CAP
Color and humor were provided during the classroom presentation by veteran mountain flyer
Elmer Wood, who has probably
flown every square foot of the
Great Smokies as a fire spotter
for the forest service.

KNOXVILLE, Tenn. -- Two
members of a mountain rescue
team at Aspen, Colo., recently
put on a two-day cold weather
survival course .gnnn~nr~l hv the
Tennessee Wing, at McGheeTyson Air Base here.

"I never fly over those ridges
at a 90-degree angle," said Wood
of his hours spent mountain flying. "I parallel those
ridges with my aircraft, then I
sneak the nose over to see if it's
all right. If it isn't, I can get back
across real quick," he said.

Dick Arnold and Scott Bowie,
the two mountain rescue team
instructors, gave six hours of
classroom instruction at the air
Izase, followed by a practical
overnight survival experience in
the Great Smoky Mountains.

McGivney said it was anticipated that the course would
become an annual event. The
M o u n t a i n R e s c u e Te a m
members are all volunteers who
specialize in search and rescue in
the Rocky Mountains.

The course was presented by
the Aviation Safety Institute, a
non-profit corporation.
COLD SURVIVAL TRAINING -- Dick Arnold and Scott Bowie, members of a rescue team at
Aspen, Colo., teach the finer points of cold weather survival in a course the Tennessee Wing
sponsored recently at the McGhee-Tyson Air Base. Taking part are, from left, Arnold, Bowie,
Cadet John R. McGivney and Maj. John F. McGivney.

Tennessee Wing staff members
Maj. John F. McGivney and Maj.
Dennis Sparks coordinated the

C o m p u t e r s C o m i n g To S e a r c h W o r k
This month I'd like to share
two items with you. The first is to
let you know that the age of
micro computers for search and
rescue is rapidly approaching.
Currently, five or six programs
are "up and running" (to some
extent) on various micro comprogrammable
puters and
There is a mission log program
which keeps track of who was
sent where, and. what communications you had with them.
There is a briefing and debriefing
routine called CEASAR by Bob
Gregorie. Then we have a
simplified method of keeping
track of how well each area has
been searched and what areas
should be searched next. Another
routine will accept DF bearings
(airborne and or ground) and will
give you the most probable location of the ELT.
I think you can see that we are

well on the way.
The next item is a auick review
of basic ELT/DF procedures
presented by Hart Postlethwaite
of the Florida Wing. These are
written for persons using a
phase-sensitive direction finding
system, but they will also work
for other left-right DF systems to
some extent.
I. In flight, turn on the DF unit,
tune in a known station and
verify that your system is working properly. Center the needle
when flying to the station, then
fly an "S" turn. The needle
should move left as you go right,
and then come back to center,
and then move to the right as you
turn to the left. Many units have
been incorrectly installed.
2. Be sure you are high enough
to be above the surrounding
terrain. At least 2,000 feet above
ground level (AGL) for the initial
reading; 4,000 feet AGL is a
suggested altitude for en route
search in normal terrain. For hilly and mountainous areas you

CAP Called To Assist
Air Force Recruiters
MAXWELL AFB, Ala. -CAP's national commander,
Brig. Gen. Thomas C. Casaday,
has again asked the help of all
Civil Air Patrol members in support of the Air Force's Recruiter
Assistance Program (AFRAP).
Under the program, Civil Air
Patrol members are again being
asked to contact their nearest Air
Force Recruiter if they know of
any young person, ages 17 to 27,
who might be interested in
enlisting in the Air Force or ,nan
Air Force career. CAP assisted
with the program in 1977.
"This program has been very
successful," Gen. Casaday said
in a recent letter to all CAP
regid~,' '~ng'a~d s~iQ~d~o~ orn-'

manders, "and your assistance
was important in the recruitment
of high quality members."
In urging support of the
program, he added: "To avoid
misunderstanding which might
lead to allegation of recruiting
malpractice, provide your local
Air Force Recruiters with the
names of each likely prospect
and let the professionals do the
actual recruiting."
Reproduced at right is a form
by which CAP members can provide Air Force Recruiters with
basic information about possible
candidates for enlistment. Air
Force recruitment goal for FY
78 is 74.,000 new Air Force

should go much higher to
minimize the wasted time following reflected or mulL,path
3. Start a level (no climb or
descent) 360-degree turn away
from the direction of the needle
indicationJ This allows you to
check for other possible signals
before committing yourself to a
possible wild goose chase. Each
valid bearing (actual or
"eflected) will have two points
during the 360-degree turn where
the needle will be centered (zero
reading). As you make your 360
degree turn, roll out each time
the needle centers and verify that
it is a valid zero. To validate the
zero perform the "S" turn
maneuver. When the needle
centers as you turn away from
the needle, you are indicating a

FROM bearing. When it centers
as you turn toward the needle, it
indicates a TO bearing. ALWAYS
use this "S" turn procedure to
verify you are not-at a 90-degree
null. True bearings will always
go both sides of "zero."
4. If you have only one FROM
bearing and one TO bearing,
proceed directly to the ELT.
5. If you have several, zero indications during your 360 degree
turn, log the heading on which
the zeros occurred and note if it
was TO or FROM the ELT (e.g.,
300 degree FROM; 240 degree
TO; 120 degree TO; and 60
degree FROM). The logical
procedure would be to draw lines
on your map in those directions
from your position. Choose one
direction and begin a climb, on
course, toward what you think is
the ELT. Climb about 2,000 feet
and proceed for a few miles and
repeat the 360-degree turn
procedure. If you get only one TO
bearing and one FROM bearing
you can proceed directly to the
8. If you get more than one indication of each TO-FROM bear-

ing, plot the bearings and see
where they cross the previous
b e a r i n g s y o u d r e w. A g a i n ,
CLIMB on the same course you
took initially and repeat the 360degree turn. By this time you
should have reduced the number
of zeros you are getting, and once
you climb high enough to hear the
actual originating signal, all
bearings taken from many points
would converge on the ELT. It is
impossible to cover every complex situation; however, the
procedures outlined, with practice, experience, plotting, and
logical thinking should go far
towards helping you to solve even
the most unusual problems. And,
by your expertise, SAVE A LIFE
T H A T , D U E T O D E L A Y,
For a more complete discussion of these procedures send a
self-addressed, stamped, large
PostleUlwaite; 1811 Hillman
Ave. ; Belmont, Calif. 94002.

(Pleo|e Print)
Middle Init~l)

(Number and Street)




CA,to' Code and Number)

( D a y, M o n t h , Ye a r )


(Grade, First Name, Middle Initial, Lust Name)
(Date Cord Filled Out)

(Ocganlcaflon, Bate)

N 0 11 : W h e n p o n e . o i l y c ¢ . . n t o c t i n g t h e P r a t p e d f o r t h e a b o v e i n f o r m a t i o n , i t i t m a n d a t o r y b y l a w t h a t y o u t h a w t h e p o t e n t i a l a p p l i c a n t t h e
f o l l o w i ~ g t t o t o m e n t , a r. i f o n t o O 1 , b y l e l e p h o n o , t h a t y ~ u r e a d i t :
"The Ab Force ,tired, ;nit too,tonal information to provide prorl~ive members with infurmolt~n about Air Force opporturut,e, P¢ov;ding th~,
n f o r m o t i , . m ; I v v l u m a r y, b u t f u l l u r e t o p r o v i d e N m o ~ . P r e c l u d e l e n d i n g I n f o r m a , t o n a b c J u t A i r F o r t e e , n p l o y m u n t o p p 0 r t u n , t i e b l h e r e f o r m a t i o n
will be used for recruiting purpoM)l. There h n@ obllgatkm. (Autimr ty: 10 USC $03)"

* These items must be completed













. . . . . . .











E LT g
(Reprinted from the Aerospace
Rescue and Recovery Service's
Rescue Review, March 1978.)
SCOTT AFB, Ill. -- We are all
familiar with the little shepherd
boy of fable fame who called
"wolf." The Air Force Rescue
Coordination Center (AFRCC)
must respond to an electronic
call of "wolf" on the average of
18 times a day. The call is a
transmission from an emergency
locater transmitter (ELT).
The volume of ELT incidents
has increased steadily since the
federal law requiring ELTs on
light aircraft became effective in
All reported ELTs are treated
as actual distress situations by
the AFRCC. Once it has been
determined to be a nondistress
ELT, every effort is made to
silence it because a nondistress
signal could mask the signal of a
nearby actual distress ELT.
Pursuing the sometime elusive
signal has produced some interesting and humorous missions.

Modern Day Cries of 'Wolf'
The Mississippi Wing of the
Civil Air Patrol, upon notification by the AFRCC, launched a
direction finder (DF) equipped
aircraft to search for a reported
ELT. The signal source was
narrowed down to a small country town. The signal could not be
pinpointed since it appeared to be
moving, so a CAP ground team,
with hand held DF equipment,
was sent to aid in the search.
The combined efforts of the
aircraft and ground team eventually resulted in locating the
ELT transmitter on a fence post
in a pasture. The device was
traced to its surprised owner who
discovered his two young sons
had been playing with the unit
and accidently turned it on. Not
fully realizing the consequences,
the boys passed the ELT among
their friends who took turns tak-.
ing the ELT home with them.
On another occasion, a private
pilot had replaced his earlier
model ELT with a newer version.
The old ELT was then put in the
c e l l a r. A f t e r s o m e t i m e i t

became rusty and corrodea, so
the pilot took it out to the town
damp with a load of junk. It was
inadvertently activated when
thrown into the dump. CAP
members located it buried under
a thick layer of rubbish.
As a Kansas CAP member
flipped the switch on an ELT to
the "off" position another nondistress incident came to a close.
This time, the CAP had really
been stymied in their efforts to
locate the signal source. A
review of the mission revealed
that an aircraft owner had mailed the ELT with the batteries installed.
During the journey, the ELT
package was placed in a mailcar
on a train. The handling of the
package by postal personnel during mail room sorting had act i v i a t e d t h e E L T. C A P ' s
attempts to find the signal source
had been complicated by the
movement of the train.
One of the more unusual cases
occurred in California when a
CAP member tracked down an

FORMER CADET -- U.S. Navy Capt. Tom Stewart, left, commander of the Roosevelt Roads
NAS at Celba, P.R., receives a plaque from Col. Rudolfo Crlscuolo, commander of the Puerto
Rico Wing, for his help in the cadet encampment training program. Stewart's interest in CAP
dates back to 1945 when he was a CAP cadet In Oklahoma City, Okla. (Photo by Maj.
Ernesto Cortes)

Practice Makes Perfect Bivouac
CINCINNATI, Ohio -- After
seven months of practicing for a
bivouac, the members of the
Lunken Cadet Sq. 103 (Ohio
Wing) recently held their
bivouac, according to Cadet Gary
Practice was necessary to insure the success of the bivouac,
he said. It included sessions on
air to ground signals, air search
patterns, outdoor navigation and
first aid. Survival techniques and
tent making were also practiced
at some of the squadron
Once the cadets had learned
the skills necessary for the
bivouac, they started planning.
While the staff was content that
by the end of March they had



JUNE 1978

worked out every last detail, the
cadets were not so content, said
"All they knew was that they
should bring no tent, no sleeping
bags and no food. That was one of
the goals the squadron staff had
-- that the cadets should not be
mentally prepared for what they
were to face during the bivouac."
When the cadets arrived on the
morning the bivouac was to start,
they were divided into two
teams. One team was led out into
the woods. They carried with
them a standard aircraft survival
kit rigged for the appropriate
number of people. They were told
that they had just crashed. Some
of the cadets were to simulate injuries. They didn't panic and got
busy building shelters and giving

first aid to the "injured" people,
Katz said.
At the same time the cadets
who had stayed at the base
received a mission briefing on
the "lost" aircraft. They were
assigned search grids for the air
search. By 10:30 a.m., the cadet
observers had located the
"missing" crew. They also corrected interpreted ground to air
signals which said the people on
the ground required food and
water, maps and compasses.
Within a half hour a ground
team was off with backpacks filled with food and water. The team
navigated through the woods to
the "lost" crew, which was
located in 45 minutes. Then all
headed back to their base.

ELT to a private residence using
hand held DF equipment. When
he copied down the model and
serial numbers for the record, he
was shocked to find it was the
ELT that had been stolen from
his own aircraft.
U n f o r t u n a t e l y, t h e s e i n advertently activated ELTs are
often more difficult to silence
tual distress situation. Obviously,
returning the switch to the "off"
position should silence the normal ELT. However, a discussion
of additional means may be helpful. In cases where the ELT may
have malfunctioned, removal of
the batteries will stop the
signals. Often the activated ELT
may be in a locked aircraft. In
these situations, when the aircraft owner cannot be located,
two approaches are recommended to silence the nondistress
First, the ELT antenna Can be
shielded by wrapping aluminum
foil around it. This will
significantly reduce the signal
strength until the owner is found.
Secondly, the ELT may be silenced by grounding the antenna. If
the ELT is determined to be inan
aircraft locked in a hangar and
the owner cannot be reached,
AFRCC will notify the Federal
Communications Commission
(FCC). The FCC has the authority, under the Federal Penal
Code, to obtain a warrant to gain
access for the purpose of silencing the ELT.
If all else fails, you may want
to resort to the method used by a
county sheriff in southern Texas.
The ELT signal had been located
by an aircraft and the position
relayed to the sheriff. He found
the ELT on a deserted beach and
after all attempts to silence it
failed, he drew his trusty .44
magnum and shot the offending
transmitter. While the method
may be extremely effective, it is
somewhat costly when you consider the replacement costs.
Not all ELTs are false "cries
of wolf." During May 1977 an HC130 on a search mission in
northern Wyoming heard an ELT
signal coming from outside the
search area. The aircraft, with
four persons on board, was not
the object of the original search,
but was another aircraft that had
gone down.
As the HC-130 circled
overhead, the pilot of the downed
plane radioed that, although his
aircraft was badly damaged, the
survivors had sustained only
minor injuries. A helicopter was
sent to pick them up.
Once again the ELT had allowed the search force to find a
downed aircraft that was not on a
flight plan and possibly would not
have been reported overdue for
some time.
The AFRCC along with other
federal agencies is well aware of
the problem of nondistress ELTs.
Col. Bruce M. Purvine, director
of inland search and rescue
through the AFRCC, is chairman
of the Interagency Committee on
Search and Rescue Ad Hoc Working Group looking into the ELT
This committee has conducted
an in depth study of the ELT
problem and has submitted
recommendations that should
help many of the immediate
problems associated with the

false ELT alarms.
One of the actions is a recent
proposed rule change by the
FCC. The rule would require fixed base operators at 2,100 uncontrolled airports to obtain equipment to monitor the emergency
frequencies. This monitoring
capability would significantly
reduce the delay in locating the
Another problem with some
ELTs is the battery. The FAA
has published a proposed rule
change that will require the
removal of lithium sulfur dioxide
batteries from ELTs. This type
of battery has had a tendency to
explode and the Canadian
government has already taken
action to prevent use of the
An ELT is not really a complicated piece of equipment. A
thorough understanding of these
devices, their proper use and
maintenance, and the actions
generated by their activation
would better serve the aviation
Normally, ELT reports are initially heard by aircraft monitoring the emergency frequencies.
The information is passed to the
appropriate Air Route Traffic
Control Center (ARTCC) or the
local Flight Service Station
The position of the reporting
aircraft, its heading, altitude,
frequency it hears the signal on,
geographic position where ELT
was initially picked up, when it
was strongest and when it was
lost is recorded and relayed to
the AFRCC. Next, a coordinated
e ff o r t b e t w e e n t h e A F R C C ,
ARTCC, FSS and aircraft in the
area usually produces additional
information which enables these
agencies to determine the
g e n e r a l v i c i n i t y o f t h e E LT
signal source.
However, some incidents are
not easily solved. Additional
assistance is then required from
resources having DF
capabilities. Agencies such as
the CAP, highway patrol, county
s h e r i f f s , FA A , F C C , s t a t e
departments of aeronautics and
military aircraft are primary
sources of DF equipment.
Airborne DF is able to localize
the signal; however handheld
equipment is then needed to actually pinpoint the source.
The future should produce
more refined ELT models that
will have audio signals and
cockpit warning lights that will
show the pilot when his ELT is
activated. The second generation
ELT will be a significant improvement over the present
A series of four weather
satellites, carrying sophisticated
ELT/DF systems capable of pinpointing ELTS, has been planned
for the mid-1980s. The satellites
will aid significantly in monitoring and locating ELT signals.
But, one must always
remember that nothing will take
the place of a concentrated effort
on the part of light aircraft pilots
to reduce the current high rate of
nondistress signals.
The reduction of nondistress incidents would allow all appropriate agencies to devote
more time to actual distress
situations. Thus providing a
more effective and efficient inland search, and rescue system.. ,



JUNE 1978

CAP News In Photos

+:. -

MAINTENANCE MEETING -- Air Force SSgt. Ted Foster, right, crew chief on one of the
Thunderbirds Aerial Demonstration Team's aircraft, discusses aircraft maintenance problems
with cadets from the Florida Wing's Group. 4 at a recent Open House at MacDill AFB, Fla. The
cadets are, from left, James W. Card, Tampa Cadet Sq.; Eric G. Hartel, Group4 Headquarters;
William H. Cumler, Imperial Cadet Sq.; and Scott T. Taylor, North Tampa Cadet Sq.

MERITORIOUS SERVICE -- 1st Lt. Jermoye L. Avery, left,
commander of the Beach Cities Cadet Sq. 107 (California
Wing), receives the Meritorious Service Award from MaJ.
Bryon Brammer, commander of California's Group I. The
presentation was made during ceremonies held recently in
the auditorium of the Los Angeles Police Academy.

ON PARADE -- A cadet marching unit from the Gainsville Comp. Sq. (Florida Wing) recently
took part in the Azalea Parade in Palatka, Fla.

FLIGHT SIMULATOR -- 1st Lt. Walter K. Walborn, commander, Blue Water Cadet Sq. 3-8 (Michigan Wing), right,
briefs Cadet Marcy Glyshaw on the use of a flight simulator.
The device is made available to the sauadron by St. Clair
Aviation, Inc., which shares the building with the squadron

HIGH AWARD -- Cadet Dennis D. Kaip,
Rochester Cadet Sq. (Michigan Wing), right,
accepts the Gen. Carl A. Spaatz Award from
William G. Milliken, governor of Michigan,
center, as Col. Russell A. Sheibels, Michigan
Wing commander, looks on. Kaip is the first
Michigan cadet to earn this award in 1978.

JUNE 1978




RESTORED BOMBER ~ Members of the MacDill Cadet Sq.
(Florida Wing) have been involved in restoring a B-25 aircraft
with the markings of 17th Bomb Group, which used the aircraft
in the World War II raid on Japan, under then Col. Jimmy
Doolittle. The aircraft was restored for Yesterday's Air Force

for use in the film "Hanover Street" to be filmed in Britain.
The work was done by Ist Lts. Donald L. Van Burger and David
Uresti, and Cadets David Van Burger and Ronald Chambers
Jr., with assistance of Yesterday's Air Force personnel.

AIRCRAFT INSPECTION--Retired Gen. Jimmy Doolittle,
right, who commanded the B-25 raid on Tokyo looks over the
aircraft that was recently restored to his unit's colors At
left is Donald D. Von Burger of the MacDfll Cadet Sq., who
was in charge of the aircraft restoration. (See photo at top.)
FLIGHT DEBRIEFING -- Capt. Roger Perry, left, Tulsa 76th Rescue and Recovery Comp. Sq.
(Oklahoma Wing) studies search reports turned in by Capt. Jerry Stephan and 2rid Lt. Carol
Perry during a recent mission to find an aircraft missing on a flight from Hot Springs, Ark

CRASH SITE SECURITY -- Maj. Bruno J Pellegino, commander, Group 70 (Pennsylvania
Wing), left, and 2rid Lt. MacArthur Wade of the New Castle Comp. Sq. look at aircraft wreckage
that squadron members were recently called to secure. (Photo by Charles E. Ross)

HELICOPTER FLIGHT -- Members of the newly formed
Florida International Cadet Sq. (Florida Wing) pose with the
flight crew of a USAF helicopter at Homestead AFB, Fla.
1"fie cadets and their senior escort were given a two-hour
orientation flight in the helicopter recently.

JUNE 1978



Aviation Columnist
Speaks To Squadron
Montgomeryville Sr. Sq.
Pennsylvania Wing

MUSEUM DONATION -- Lt. Col. Myron Rogers, left, commander of the Operations and Train.
ing Sr. Sq. (California Wing), and Maj. Arlyn Van Atta, center, commander of California Group
3, present Owen Clarke, executive director of the San Diego Aerospace Museum, with a copy of
"Hero Next Door," which tells about CAP in World War H. The ruins of the museum, which was
recently destroyed by fire, are in the background.

Aviation Museum Seeks Donations
To Replace Destroyed Displays
SAN DIEGO, Calif. -Members of California's Group 3
are presently assisting in the
recovery work at the San Diego
Aerospace Museum, which was
recently destroyed by arson.
Established 15 years ago, many
Civil Air Patrol members in San
Diego County helped prepare the
displays. A new building will be
dedicated Dec. 17, the 75th anniversary of the Wright Brothers'

first flight at Kitty Hawk, N.C.
In addition to personnel from
Group 3 headquarters, CAP
members of the Operations and
Training Sr. Sq., which is based
in San Diego, are helping restore
the museum's aerospace library.
Old books, printed prior to
1965, are needed, as well as vintage magazines and full sets of
magazines, said Lt. Col. Marilyn
P. Rogers of Squadron 113.

Earhart Awards--April 1978
Alan G. Yarchak ............ 01087 Francis J, Cain .............. 19026
Steven A. Jackson ...........03059 Patricia Perry ..............21006
Mike L. Shnback ............. 04096 Rose R. Jacobs .............. 21006
Gregg M. OIson .............. 04364 Jorge W. Sorucn .............21044
Thomas J. Young ............ 06010 David N. Doss ................ 22037
Donna L. Gearl .............. 06059 Marc K. Hughes ............. 22047
Jay G.M. Paulus ............. 09087 Paul W. Morris .............. 25018
Paul H. Luckeuck ........... 11041 Stephen G. Cole .............. 9016
Keith L. Lanning ............ 11189 Edward K Hansen ......... 29016
John C McDonnell .......... 11226 Jennifer L. Mahan .......... 29092
Stephen V. Lehocky ......... 11255 Daniel H. Bourne ............ 30012
Glen P, Demorest ........... 11255 A.W. Granville Jr ........... 31072
Joseph P Tracey ............ 11271 David F. McDonald ......... 31188
Christopher J. Spear .......12002 Jonathan C. Hughes ........31333
Michael J Caylor ........... 12049 James D. Barnes ............ 32019
Gerald E. Folster Jr ........ 17035 Thomas A Snorf ............. 34070

Donald B. Guyton ...........34070
Joseph D. Brown ........... 35006
Verle W. Yates ............... 36054
Ca sey M. Ma thewson ....... 36078
Kristine S. Medic ............ 37160
Michael D. Riha ............. 38035
Eden J. AIt .................... 45095
Mark A. Jonson .............. 46082
Freddie Sanchez .............52027
Lois Massas .................. 52027
Jose A Adorno ............... 52045
Antonio Oliver ............... 52045
Jose M. Felix ................. 52062
Luis B Ores ................ 52120

Mitchell Awards April 1978
David P. Lirette ............. 04032
Barry H Wilkinson ......... 04113
Raymond A. Prentice ......04180
Tor Jensen .................... 0428~
Brian C. Baldwin ............ 04384
Jeff G~ Bethune ..............05068
Kevin W. Vtzvary ........... 06022
Richard D. Barton .......... 06022
John W. Magness ............ 6073
Ted A. Hill .................... 6073
Thomas A. Desmond. IV..08026
Paul A. Griffith, Jr ......... 08066
William R, Dundas ..........08122
Mark C. Bayless ............. 08122
Norman E. Sanford ......... 11036
Matthew g. Tobias ......... 11074
Mark g. Sangwin ............ 11191
Douglas J. Fngle ............ I12~
Thomas J, Heffernan .......11219
John J. Kiecana .............. 11283
John H Grevin ............... 11283
Dallas S, Boschen ...........12168
Tim W. Hendrix ............. 12176
John W. Gardner ............ 12180
Gary W. Young .............. 14024
Elizabeth C. Wright ........ 16~3
Joseph J. Bushee, Jr ........ 19013
David T. Pearson ............19044
Jeffery S. Cowles ............ 19000
Tamara K. Nelson .......... 200~

Brent A. Bradley ............ 20145
Steven F. Gardner .......... 20199
Douglas C. Little ............ 20199
Richard L. Kidder .......... 20250
Richard D. Fuentes .........20250
Arnold A. Albrecht .......... 2~048
Steve G. Rethemeyer ...... 3~0
James M. McNamara, Jr. 23076
William J. Harris ........... 25033
Marc C, Pelletier ............ 25045
Jeff T. Epperson ............ 26019
It,~chael W. Barnett ......... 0016
Barbara J. Zavodny ........ 31130
Edward A, Watkins ......... 31147
John F. Bosworth ........... 31296
Steven M Hughes ........... 21333
Brian J, Bernat .............. 34096
Mark K, Laoer ............... 36065
Oren W. Michels ............. 37011
Charles Staso ................. 37018
James M. Hawver .......... 37026
G.J .H. McDongal ........... 27048
Patrick J, Salvage .......... 37068
Da n K, Orourke .............. 370g~
Shaun P, Welsh .............. 37093
Lyman Harris ................ 37246
Joanna Fisher ................ 39066
Derek S. Taylor .............. 41015
Michael J. Castranova ..,., 42076
Roger K. Anderson ......... 42195

Ca ry D. Vend en .............. 42279
Ralph E. Jones, Jr ..........42305
Carlos E. Garcia ............ 42305
Carlec T. Briggs ............. 42357
Donald T. Derry ............. 44005
Kip D. Long ................... 45035
Jeffrey C. Burdett .......... 45048
W.W. Edwards, It I ..........45060
Ch ristopher P. Winter .....45122
,Basil D. Addington, Jr ..... 45122
Roger S. Johnson ............ 6002
Laurie L. Langdalen ........46019
Eric R. Myers ................ 46030
K,S. Hendrickson ............46046
~ra R. Bond .................46080
Jeff J. Capak ................. 480(~
Kevin J, Smerling ........... 48004
Daniel A, Karwawski ...... 48061
Cllnt F. Kreuser ............. 48001
Jerome J. Jankowski .......48121
June Y. Yamamoto ......... 51020
Timothy J. Cislo ............. 51028
Nona M, Hansen .............51030
Loardes Delgado ............ 52027
Fernando L. Torrent ....... 52111
Fernando Gonzalez ......... 2111
JaanC, Ramos ............... 52111
Ma nael Duran ................ 52126
Gilberto Rids ................. 52128

Books and magazines can be
sent to:
Civil Air Patrol
6676 Crawford St.
San Diego, Calif. 92120
Crawford said persons sending
donations should use book rates
or parcel post since they are the
most economical way to ship
books. She also stated that
donations will be acknowledged
and are tax deductible.
Another need of the museum is
to locate old aircraft with a
historical background and
memorabilia that can be loaned
or donated to the museum for display. People knowing of such
property are requested to write
to the above address, giving a full
description of the item, its condition and the name and address of
the owner.

-- Paul Heintz, creator of the
popular aviation column entitled
"Sunday Pilot" in the
Philadelphia Bulletin was the
guest speaker at a recent
meeting of the Montgomeryville
Sr. Sq. 904 (Pennsylvania Wing).
Heintz who is a Philadelphia
lawyer and aircraft owner has
been for the past nine years writing one of the few weekly aviation columns of any major newspaper in the United States.
Acting in this capacity, he has
been invited to participate in
many aviation related activities
such as traveling on the maiden
flight of the Conc0rde SST from
Dulles Field to London, as well
as riding in the Goodyear blimp.
In addition to his other activities he is also an instrument
and ground school instructor and
has his glider rating among his
credentials. He is also a trustee
for the Aircraft Owners and Pilot
Association of the United States
as well as Chairman of the Pennsylvania Bar Association's Section on Aeronautical and Space
During his talk to the Civil Air
Patrol he mentioned that he has
been flying for a total of 23 years
and attributes his interest in flying to his first flight as a Civil Air
Patrol cadet in Washington,
D.C., in an L-5 Stinson airplane.
Today he is the part owner of a
Cessna 205 aircraft which is quite
a step removed from the type
used in his first flight.
He urged each pilot in attendance to upgrade his flying skills
by getting his instrument rating
and complying with the biennail review program of the FAA.
He also cautioned aviation
members not to become complacent about their flying freedoms
and that they should support
organizations like the AOPA and

Paul Heintz
other groups that look out for the
interests of the general aviation
As an attorney he also referred
to some of the subtleties of aviation insurance and suggested that
many pilots are not aware that
seemingly insignificant things
like letting a medical run out or
not having a biennial review
could cause significant problems
in making insurance claims.
Another point he made was
that pilots should be aware of
their aviation insurance liability
limits due to the generous
awards for damages that are
usually based on future earnings
of an accident victim.
Another legal point touched on
was that getting a title searched
before buying a plane can be well
worth the cost of the title search
and/or title insurance.
Heintz also mentioned that
pilots who fly within the airspace
system governed by federal
regulations should make it a
point to know what thoseregulations say so that they can
be used to their advantage.
Maj. Louis Russo, the squadron
commander, thanked Heintz for
his informative and interesting
presentation to the squadron
which is soon to relocate to
Quakertown, Pa., due to the
planned closing of
Montgomeryville Airport where
their aircraft and facilities are
presently located.

Units Test New Air-To-Ground Visual Signals
OWOSSO, Mich. -- Members of
the Lapeer Search and Rescue
Sr. Sq. 1-4 and the Shattuck
Comp. Sq. 1-3 (Michigan Wing)
recently tested a new search
technique developed by Maj.
George Reese, Michigan Wing
operations officer, and 1st Lt.
Steven Rudowski, commander of
the Lapeer squadron,
Headquarters for the test,
which uses aircraft movements
to direct a ground team to the
location of its target, was in the
Lapeer County Sheriff's Department Civil Defense Room.
Under the new system, a
ground team is dispatched
toward an intersection. The
plane, flying overhead from
behind the ground vehicle will
circle over the intersection to indicate the direction the vehicle
should go by turning right or left
or going straight ahead.
If a wrong turn is made the
plane will fly directly toward the
When the vehicle is in the
target area, the aircraft will indicate that to the ground team by
flying a figure eight. The center

of the eight will be over the place
where the vehicle should stop. At
this point the ground team
members leave the vehicle and
line up behind it.
The airplane then swings over
the vehicle to point the direction
they must take. The plane will fly
a rectangular pattern. The first
leg is directly over the vehicle
and the first turn is over the
target point.
During the test, five aircraft
flew six sorties for more than six




hours air time over Lapeer and
Tuscola Counties. Two ground
teams in two vehicles also took
"We hope that this search
technique will be used in future
missions in Michigan," said 1st
Lt. James M. Bloomfield of the
Shattuck squadron. "It will cut
down on excess traffic and make
the job of the ground team leader
much easier if radio cornmunications equipment fails duringa mission."

Ci~l Air Patrol News publishes each month a list of Civil Air Patrol
members who have died recently. Notices of deaths should be sent to
the Personnel Section of National Headquarters in accordance with
Regulation 35-2, or to the National Chaplain's office -- not to Civil Air
Patrol News. Listed are names, ranks, dates of death and CAP unit.
FERGUSON, Robert L., Senior Member. April
12. 1978. Tooele Comp Sq., Utah Wing.
INGLISH, Gordon T,. Senior Member, May 4,
1978. Headquarters Aircraft Support Fit.,
National Headquarters.
METZINGER, Kenneth W., Captain, Oct. 15,
1977. Tulsa 701h Rescue and Recovery Comp. Sq.,
Oklahoma Wing.
(~WENS. Charles C., Captain, April 13, 1978,
Telas Wing.
PAUL, Charles O.. Second Lieutenant, Jan. 3,
1970. Newaygo County Comp. Sq., Michigan Wing.

PHILLIPPY, Richard L,, Captain, April 0, 1978,
Hagerstown Comp. Sq., Maryland Wing,
PUGSLEY, Arthur M, April 22, 1978, Huron
Cutup. Sq., South Dakota Wing.
REITZAMMER, Philip L., Senior Member,
April 16, 1978. Alexandria St. Sq., Louisiana Wing,
TANNENBAUM, Alan J., Captain, April 11,
1978. Hawaii Wing.
TAYLOR, John R., Colonel, April 22, 1978, South
Carolina Wing.

JUNE 1978

Cadets David Lewis and Gregory
Weidenfeld, Pineland Comp. Sq. (new
Jersey Wing) recently received their
search and rescue ribbons... Members of
the Twin Pine Cadet Sq. (New Jersey
Wing) have completed their annual
journey to the Christian Baptist
Conference Center in Lebanon, N.J., for a
weekend of concentrated study and testing
toward passing their achievements ... The
Souliere Realty and Sons Company of
West Warwick, R.I., have donated a madet o - o r d e r s q u a d r o n fl a g t o t h e We s t
Warwick Comp. Sq. (Rhode Island Wing)
Returning from the recent Aerospace
Education Seminar in Dallas, Tex., Capt.
Loretta Santagata, aerospace educator for
the Rhode Island Wing, and Col. Edgar
Bailey, wing commander, and Capt. Raymond Berger, deputy commander, plan to
use the information gained in promoting
aerospace education in the wing's cadet
program... At a recent awards banquet
members of the Gen. Carl A. Spaatz
Comp. Sq. 1102 honored 2nd Lt. David M.
Peifer as Senior of the Year, Cadet Scott
Biever as Cadet of the Year for Phases 1
and 2 and Cadet David W. Krauss, for
Phases 3 and 4. A certificate for "outstanding performance of duty" was given to
2nd Lt. Irene E. Manley. A special communications award was given to 1st Lt.
Robert B. Kerr.
Lt. Col. Herbert R. Frye, formerly of
the Pennsylvania Wing, has been appointed insurance officer for the
Northeast Region by Col. A. A. Milano,
region commander...Four Massachusetts
squadrons in the West Springfield area
participated in this year's Eastern States
Exposition with a joint booth in the Youtha-rama. Since its inception in 1916 the exposition has grown to be a 16-day
agricultural fair with over a million
visitors. The CAP squadrons from Westfield, Wilbraham, Westover and West
Springfield won this years youth trophy
for their booth containing a flight
simulator and teletype... The Blair County
Sr. Sq. (Pennsylvania Wing) held a practice mission recently to test their response
to disaster situations ... Capt. Audrea M.
Lang, Bristol Comp. Sq. (Connecticut
Wing) has been named Outstanding Information Officer of the wing for the second
year in a row ... Capt. Flavia Joy Frost,
former commander of the Ontario County
Comp. Sq. (New York Wing) has been
promoted to emergency services officer
for the Rochester Group. Second Lt. Ronaid R. Kaiser has been named to replace
her as squadron commander...Cadets
Edward A. Holda Jr. and Sean Strohman
of the Wilbraham Cadet Sq.
(Ma ssachusetts Wing) received awards a s
outstanding cadets of the year. State
R e p r e s e n t a t i v e T h e o d o r e Tr u d e a u
presented the awards... Cadet Robert M.
Stack, 103rd Comp. Sq. (Connecticut
Wing) has been awarded the first Col.
Clinton G. Litchfield Award for the outstanding cadet of the wing. Col. Kenneth
D. Faust, wing commander made the
award which is named for a former commander.

Middle East
All cadets of the Crescent Cities Cadet
Sq. (National Capital Wing) have completed the American Red Cross courses in
cardiopulmonary resuscitation and first
aid. The courses were given over a three
month period during squadron meeting
nights. The instructor said he was impressed with the motivation of the


squadron. Two Crescent Cities cadets
recently helped the local fire department
extinguish a grass fire that they came upon
while returning from a meeting. They put
out a third of the fire by the time the fire
department personnel arrived... Cadet
Janet Hino, Fairfax Comp. Sq. (Virginia
Wing), who is cadet commander of her
squadron, will begin medical studies in the
fall at the University of Virginia.
Several members of the West Richmond
Cadet Sq. (Virginia Wing) recently took
the Red Cross first aid and personnel safety course to complete requirements for
their emergency services card. The
course was taught by 1st Lt. Elizabeth
Lent, who has received the Senior Safety
Award from the wing director of safety...
The Carroll Comp. Sq. (Maryland Wing)
has won the first place trophy in squadron
standings in the wing for 1977 ... The
Charlotte Air Rescue Comp. Sq. (North
Carolina Wing) put up a CAP display at a
shopping mall that was seen by some 5,000
shoppers. The display included communications equipment, radiological
monitoring equipment, recruiting
material and a free blood pressure check.

Col. William C. Tallent, commander
Tennessee Wing, has presented the wing
competition overall trophy to Cadet
Thomas B. Wade, commander of the
Group 15 drill team. The team will represent the wing in regional competition later
this year ... The Knoxville Comp. Sq. 1
(Tennessee Wing) recently held a two-day
Air Search and Rescue School, which was
designed to improve skills, and coordination between units involved in rescue activities... Twenty pilots attended a recent
flight clinic that the Central Brevard
Comp. Sq. (Florida Wing) sponsored
recently ... Cadet Jeff Zahniser, West
Miami Cadet Sq. (Florida Wing) has won a
superior ribbon for a project that he
entered in a school science fair. The same
project, when entered in a county fair
earlier, had won honorable mention. The
project demonstrated the transmission of
light beams across the atmosphere as
used in photo detection devices like
burgler alarms... A recent reception
honored Col. William C. Tallent, commander, Tennessee Wing, for the contributions he has made to CAP since joining in 1963.
Members of the Shelby County Comp.
Sq. 1 (Tennessee Wing) recently held a
recruiting drive. Several CAP members
appeared on local broadcast programs to
talk about the drive. They were 2nd Lt.
James Poe and Cadets Mahlon Smith and
Kimberly Chisler who appeared on "Good
Morning From Memphis" and Cadet
Richard King who was on a radio program
twice during the drive... Cadet David
Sellers, Seminole Cadet Sq. (Florida
Wing), has been named Best Cadet For the
Quarter for his squadron... Cadets from
the Seminole Cadet Sq., the McCoy Cadet
Sq. and the Orlando Cadet Sq. (Florida
Wing) recently aided in parking cars,
directing traffic and assisting attendants
with first aid at a ralley held in Orlando,
Fla... The cadets from Florida's Group 12
were honored at the recent annual Air
Force Association Awards banquet at
Patrick AFB. They were Cadet Jeffrey P.
Boyle, Patrick Cadet Sq.; Cadet Mark C.
Bayless, Central Brevard Comp. Sq. ; and
Cadet Paul Harris, South Brevard Comp.
Sq... Cadet Erik T. Feyer has been named
cadet commander of the Cutler Cadet Sq.
(Florida Wing). Four Cutler cadets are
attending the staff training program of the
Glades Search and Rescue School. They
are Frank Skirlo, Don Robertson, Theresa
Taylor and Tom Taylor. The school was
held by the Florida Group 10 Ranger Sec-

tion in the Everglades. Cadets from all
over south Florida attended the school.

Great Lakes
Two squadrons from the Michigan
Wing's Group 11 provided 75 members for
a marching unit in the St. Patrick's Day
parade in Detroit. The Farmington Cadet
Sq. and the Troy Cadet Sq. also formed a
color guard for the parade. Canadian Air
Cadets from Squadron 364 of Windsor, Ontario, which is affiliated with the Farmington squadron also took part in the
parade. The Canadian unit also provided a
band... Members of the Shattuck Comp.
Sq. 1-3 (Michigan Wing) recently participated in a mini search and rescue exercise. The unit formed two ground teams to
search for a target... Daniel T. Murphy,
county executive, Oakland County,
Michigan, recently expressed his appreciation and thanks to county residents
for the role played by the Oakland County
Group 12 during a snow emergency in
January. The group handled more than 120
emergency transportation missions for
hospital using four-wheel drive vehicles
iind snowmobiles ... Members of the
Delphos Flight of Lima Comp. 901 (Ohio
Wing) recently collected a mound of litter
that was nearly six feet high and 37 feet
wide during an all day clean-up project. In
addition, 234 pounds of aluminum were
collected for recycling.
Col. Russell Sheibels, commander,
Michigan Wing, recently presented
awards to outstanding cadets in an awards
banquet held in Kalamazoo for members
of Group 5. Cadet Richard Fuentes was
named Outstanding Male Cadet and Barbara Artman was named Outstanding
Female Cadvt.--Ron Worrier and John
Nederhoed were named Honor Cadet and
Honor Cadet Runner Up, respectively... At
the recent Michigan Wing Cadet Ball, the
wing commander made awards to cadets
for wing-wide, accomplishments. Cadets
Esther Rolanda and Martin Okonski were
given special "Meli" trophies for being
the Outstanding Earhart Cadets of the
Year. Cadet Alan P. Dickinson received a
certificate from the Air Force Association
naming him their Outstanding Ca det of the
Year. Also Cadets Otis Brawley and Liz
MacGregor were honored with a new
award as "Super Cadets." The cadets
gave Col. Russell A. Shelbels, retiring
wing commander, a plaque "in appreciation for outstanding and dedicated service" during his tenure as commander.
Sheibels also received a certificate from
the Air Force Association for his interest
and support of that organization... Three
seniors and 22 cadets from the Panther Air
Rescue and Recovery Sq. (Kentucky
Wing) recently went on a field trip to
Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio, where they
toured the Air Force Museum.

North Central
Members of the Kansas Wing recently
held a wing-graded search and rescue exercise at the Coffeyville, Kan., airport., in
which 25 cadets and 50 senior members
took part. Four simulated missions were
simultaneously in progress, two search
and rescue, one ELT search and a civil
defense exercise. Following the training
exercise, the cadets were given orientation flights. The senior members had the
opportunity to fly in an experimental aircraft called the Breezy.
Cadet Becky Boyer, North Iowa Comp.
Sq., has been chosen the Oustanding Youth
Volunteer for the Mason City-Clear Lake
area by the Volunteer Bureau. She was
nominated by Mercy Hospital in Mason City. Cadet Brenda Rocker of the same


squadron has been elected junior delegate
and page for the Iowa Republican Party
Caucus to be held in Des Moines later this
month. Other North Iowa cadets have
raised funds by serving coffee and
doughnuts for a local auctioneer. They
have also earned extra money by assisting
the Evening Lions Club with paper

Rocky Mountain
Col. Harold Hilburn, Utah Wing commander, and Lt. Col. Helen Hilburn, wing
finance officer, flew to Fillmore, Utah, to
review southern Utah CAP squadrons. The
Fillmore City Council has donated a flight
office, classroom and storage room at the
local airport for CAP's use. The CAP will
furnish labor to remodel the facilities and
the city will furnish all materials.
Five cadets from the Twin Falls Cadet
Sq. (Idaho Wing) have completed a multimedia first aid class, consisting of eight
hours of classroom instruction and practice. Those attending the class were Dan
Hall, Cris Oliver, James James, Kelly
Hartwick and Scott Rairigh... The Mt.
Olympus Cadet Sq. (Utah Wing) received
several honors at the recently held Utah
Wing conference. The unit was named
Squadron of the Year, 1977 Drill Team
Champions and winner of the model aircraft contest. The squadron trophy was
accepted by Maj. Debra Smith, commander. Cadet Mike Lowe accepted the
Drill Team trophy. Lowe was also named
the Junior Cadet Officer of the Year.
Other awards were for Cadet of the Year,
which was won by Cadet Scott Johsnon,
and NCO of the Year, which went to Cadet
Michelle Wagner. Cadet Caroline Blessing
received a special plaque for her participation in emergency services missions.

Members of the 313th Comp. Sq.
(Arizona Wing) were among crews of
some 33 CAP aircraft involved in a recent
search mission. The search was for a
downed single-engined aircraft, which was
located in a snow-covered area south of
Mormon Lake. The plane's pilot was killed
in the crash.

Roy Eker, a police officer in the San
Fernando Valley of Los Angeles was
recently promoted to the rank of lieutenant colonel. He is deputy commander of
the California Wing's Group I, located at
the Hollywood-Burbank Airport... Senior
Member Robert La Fountaine of the
Hayward Comp. Sq. 156 (California Wing)
recently had a surprise reunion with 73year-old Maj. Louise A. Laine during the
California Wing conference in Fresno. La
Fountaine recently joined the squadron as
a new member. He had been a CAP cadet
until 1950 in a squadron commanded by
Laine. La Fountiane remembers how
Laine used to guide the cadets in positive
directions and was an inspiration to them.
Members of the Dinuba Cadet Sq. 87
(California Wing) held a recent meeting in
a hospital room. Cadet Peter Nicholas had
been hospitalized and the squadron personnel got together to hold a short meet!ng
in his room. After the business portion of
the meeting several personal items were
taken care of, including sneaking in two
Big Macs for Nicholas.

A B O V E : P H O E N I X ' S G O L F C O U R S E C O M B I N E V E LV E T Y


FA B U L O U S P H O E N I X , A Z . a n d C A P ' s
N AT I O N A L B O A R D M E E T I N G .
W I T H O L D F R I E N D S I N C A P. . . . A L L T H I S
Civil Air Patrol National Board Meeting -- Sept. 7-8-9, 1978
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