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Brig. Gen. Paul W Turner, former chairman of the National Board, died Dec.
3 of pulmonary illness in Nashville, Tenn. The story on Page 3 recounts his career
in the Civil Air Patrol


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Lrlift S a v e s P a t i e n t

~°ELL AFB, Ala.--The
Patrol Utah Wing
;dlted with saving
d a hospital patient In
w vember, through an
:y airlift of a blood antiL
~saving mission was initiated when hospital officials at
Grand Junction County, Utah,
notified the Utah CAP Wing that

a blood anti-coagulant was
urgently needed for a
hemophiliac patient.
Within minutes after receiving
the call for assistance, a Utah
CAP light aircraft was launched.
The blood anti-coagulant was
transported from Salt Lake City
to St. Mary's Hospital in Grand
Junction County.
A save was credited to the

I n s i d e H o s p i tel x x e r c i s e
Ind a E

National Commamler'sr ' s
Comments ..................... Psge 4
Aero-Astro Answers ..............$
Cadet Uniform Changes. .......6
Emergency Statistics ........... 6
Speed Symbols ....................... 8
Cadet Aetivltles Schedule... 9


Bookstore Price List ............I S
SAR People. ......................16
Cadet Awards ..........., ..........1 7
CAP Obituaries ....................1 7
CAP News In Photos ......, ..... 8
People in the News, .............. 9

North Dakota Cadets
Aid Snowbound Cities
Fargo-Moorheod Cadet Sq.
FARGO, N.D.--It started out
as a very routine day for the
members of. the FargoMoorhead Cadet Sq. (North
Dakota Wing). The cadets went
to school and the commander
went to work as usual.
But later that afternoon when
the cadets were working on the
squadron newsletter in the print
shop, someone made the comment that we had timed putting
up the new tower and antenna
for the FM repeater just right
because it looked like we might
be getting snow.
Later the cadet wished he had
not said that because it seemed
to bring bad luck.
That evening the squadron had
its regular FM net at 6:30. Some
cadets started to prepare the
rescue vehicles and jeeps in case
the storm got worse. Communications stopped at 7:15
p.m. For some reason the
repeater quit, and simplex
operation was started until the
problem could be found.
Ten minutes later, Maj. David
Ortner, squadron commander,
received a call from the Lehigh
Portland Cement Company in
Fargo, saying that the squadron
antenna had fallen and landed on
one of the buildings.
Ortner asked the communications team to report to

the cement company and see
what the damage was and
whether the repeater could be
put back on the air
The cadets and commander
arrived at the site at 7:45 p.m.
We could still see our tower
light, which was a big relief. At
least the tower hadn't fallen.
The antenna was lying on top of
one of the buildings. One team
got a ladder and was going to try
to get the antenna down to see
how badly it was damaged.

Utah unit because hospital officials explained that the patient
probably would not have been
able to survive without the blood
This save marks the 48th
person that Civil Air Patrol,
which celebrated its 36th anniversary on Dec. 1, had been
credited with saving last year
through its emergency service

CAKE CUTTING--Lt. Gen. Raymond B. Furlong, commander Air University, uses a model aircraft propeller to
cut a cake at a reception honoring Civil Air Patrol's 36th anniversary Dec. I at National Headquarters. Brig. Gen.
Thomas C. Casaday, CAP's national commander, center,
and Brig. Gea. Paul E. Gardner, executive,director of CAP
and commander of Hq. CAP-USAF look on.

Dallas Will Be Host For Next
Aerospace Education Congress
1978 National Congress on
Aerospace Education, sponsored
by the Civil Air Patrol, the
Federal Aviation Administration
and the National Aeronautics
and Space Administration, will
be held in Dallas, Tex., April 6, 7
and 8, 1978, at the Dallas Hilton
Registration fee is $85 if
received prior to March 1 and
$40 after that date.
The registration fee includes
admission to all the official

sessionsi special holel rates but
does not pay for thd room, field
trip transportatiop and box
lunch, as well as entertainment
and da~deat the opening
The fee does not include meals
or sleeping accommodations, or
transportation to and from the
Persons may preregister by
completing the Congress coupon
on page 2 of this issue of the Civil
Air Patrol News and sending in
with check or money order

payable to "National Congress
on Aerospace Education" to:
National Congress on
Aerospace Education
CAP National Headquarters/ED
Maxwell AFB, Ale. 36112
Hotel reservations may be
made in advance by completing
the hotel coupon on page 2 and
sending it directly to the Dallas
Hilton Hotel. Rates quoted are
for congress delegates only.
(See AEROSPACE. Page 2)

The second team headed up
the steps to the top of the
building. The only steps were on
the outside. The weather report
had said winds were blowing at
45 m.p.h., with gusts to almost
60; and we could believe it.
On top of the building, which
was 100 feet above the ground,
the wind was blowing the coax
from the downed antenna, and
also us, all over the top of the
building. It was nice to have a
guard rail.
The plug was pulled on the
repeater so that no more
damage would result. We then
headed back down to help the
other cadets with the antenna.
After the antenna was taken
off the top of the building and put
in storage, the cadets went off to
work on the rest of the squadron
vehicles, because we now knew
we were in for a big storm.
(See FARGO, Page 5)

LIFETIME MEMBER--Astronaut James Irwin, center, receives a lifetime membership in
the Civil Air Patrol at a meeting of the Retired Officers Association in Colorado Springs. The
award was made by Air Force Gen. George S. Brown, right, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of
Staff, and Col. Leo H. Wells of CAP. Active in CAP affairs, Irwin was the lunar module pilot on
the Apollo lS moon mission in 1971. (USAF Photo)



Cadet's Fast Action
Saves Hunter's Lfl'e

quickly..The bird.had.faUe
t°STARKVILLE Miss.--Quick
eye level and the boy nren.
action by Cadet David Pettry,
G o l d e n . Tr i a n g l e C o m p S. q
Just as Pettry had feared,
(Mississippi Wing) was in~
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . t.h ~ . n.~ n . n ~ hl i te I -fI i t a r m
. r . w.
strumental m the treatment that
. arencneo with
snoutaer .were . . .
tea to compmm recovery ol a
w o u n d e d h u n t e r, a c c o r d i n g t o . . . . .
Without hesitation, Pettry ran
Cadet Melissa Westmoreland,
squadron information officer,
to him and laid the man on the
ground, with his feet propped on
The hunter, a young man about
an ammunition box.
25 years old, was shot by an inexHe then cut off his shirt and
perienced boy hunter who had
checked his pulse and breathing.
become separated from his
He also looked to see if the
jugular vein had been cut.
Pettry, who was hunting near
By this time someone had
Houston, Miss., had just had a
brought a pickup. Pettry inhit and was watching his bird
stucted other hunters there how
to execute a six-man carry and
place the wounded man into the
His attention was momentarily
distracted as the man emerged back of the pickup.
from the cover of trees where he
Pettry rode with the man in
had gone to recover a bird.
the back of the truck to the
Houston hospital. At the hospital,
PeRry looked hack at his bird
an orderly met them and the
and saw that the boy was aiming
patient was taken directly into
at it and would probably hit the
surgery, where 150 pieces of shot
were removed from his arm and
Pettry tried to warm him to
chest, 65 of which were centered
stop but it was all happening too around the heart.


SPAATZ AWARD--Relna Ido Panlagua, Secretary of State for Puerto Rico (center), congratulates Cadet Richard Correa of the Caguas High School Cadet Sq. (Pureto Rico Wing) for
having earned Civil Air Patrol's highest award, the Gen. Carl A. Spaatz Award. Looking on at
the ceremony, held In the governor's office, are Correa's patents Mr. and Mrs. Richard Correa
(left), MaJ. Hllda Malave, commander Caguas High School Cadet Sq., and Col. Rodolfo
Criscuolo, commander of the Puerto Rico Wing.

ThesGOOd Neighbor
you. Belong.

Aerospace Congress Will Meet In Dallas
(Continued From Page I)
Hotelrooms will be filled on a
first-come, first-served basis.
All reservations must reach the
hotel by March 15. The hotel will
confirm reservations my mail
upon receipt of the reservation
The rates are:
Single cccupaney: I:m
Double occupancy: $34 ($17
per person)
Triple Occupancy HI ($15.66
per person)

Congress Coupon

Dallas Hilton, 1914 Commerce St.
Dallas TX 75201


Send To CAP
To Register





Single Occupancy ($26.00)__
Double Occupancy ($17.00 per person, $34.00)__
Triple Occupancy ($13.66 per person, $41.00).__

April 5: Arrival, registration,
hotel check-in and reception.
April 6i Opening session,
keynote address, mini sessions
and the evening socializer -"Baron's Bash."

April 9: Departure.
There will be an additional
Mini Congress for 500
professional educators selected
from the Dallas-Fort Worth area
on April 7. The Mini Congress is
designed to provide them with a
meaningful, motivational and
comprehensive glimpse into the
aerospace world.

If a room is not available at rate requested,
reservation will be made at next available
rate. Reservation will not be held after 6 p.m.
unless hotel is notified of your exact arrival


The basic congress schedule
will be as follows:

'April 7: Leadership activities
in the morning and evening field
trip to the American Airlines
Flight Academy and Learning
Center. An alternate trip will be
provided for those who have
already visited the American
Airlines facility.
April 8: Heritage Segment,
Hall of Honor and closing



L i ' i i ~ i O i i m h =

Hotel Coupon

Send to the
Dallas Hilton
Hotel To




Detach h@tom Retomlng to HQ. CAP(ED)

IMr. ( )
IMrs. ( )
First Name
I Miss ( )

Last Name


Zip Code



Street Address

For Use on
Congress Roster


Representing: School/Organization/Firm


































( ) Basic Congress Registration Fee if mailed before 3/1/78
( ) Basic Congress Registration Fee if mailed after 3/1/78






In Memoriam
G e n . P a u l W. Tu r n e r,
Former Chairman, Dies
N A S H V I L L E , Te n n . - - C A P B r i g .
Prior to being elected Chairman of
the National Board, he represented
G e n . P a u l W. Tu r n e r, a c h a r t e r
member of Civil Air Patrol and a
the Southeast Region on the board
former Chairman of the National
and then served as Vice Chairman of
Board, died Saturday, Dec. 3, in a
the National Board.
Nashville hospital where he had been
hospitalized since Oct. 26 for a
In addition, he had served in the
past as chairman of the Constitution
pulmonary illness.
Gen. Turner, better known among a n d B y - l a w s C o m m i t t e e , a s a
his Civil Air Patrol friends as "Papmember of the National Finance
Committee, as a member of the
p y, " s e r v e d a s N a t i o n a l B o a r d
National Drill Exhibition Committee,
Chairman from Sept. 9, 1962, to Oct.
as a member of the National Com26, 1965.
mander's Long-range Planning ComAfter leaving that office, he
became National Finance Officer and mittee, as a member of the Insurance
served until 1973 in that post. In 1973,
Committee, and as a chairman of the
Publications Committee.
he became National Controller and
held that office up until the time of
Since 1968, he had sponsored the
his death.
Turner Safety Award which annually
The last national-level conference
recognizes the CAP wing with the
Gen. Turner attended was the annual
best safety record for the vear.
meeting of the National Board Oct.
During the 1972 meeting of the
21-22 in Atlanta, Ga. He was
hospitalized soon after that.
National Board in Dallas, Tex., Gen.
Gen. Turner joined Civil Air Patrol
Tu r n e r w a s i n d u c t e d i n t o C i v i l A i r
in 1941 ioon after it was organized. P a t r o l ' s H a l l o f H o n o r i n a n i m During the early days, he was involv- pressive ceremony. He was one of the
e d i n C A P ' s c o u r i e r a n d f e r r y s e r - first 10 persons to be so recognized.
The Hall of Honor pays tribute to
vice, and flew many missions on
search and rescue. He also taught
those who were instrumental in
organizing Civil Air Patrol or who
navigation, the theory of flight, and
other ground school subjects. During, h a v e m a d e a : . s l g n i fl e a n t u d - J u t ~
~ontribution to its development over
the war, he established and directed a
Civil Air Patrol ground school for
the years. Bronze plaques of all Hail
fixed-base operations in middle
of Honor recipients are on display in
t h e A i r F o r c e M u s e u m a t Wr i g h t - following year, his family moved to
Over the years, he held practically
Patterson AFB, Ohio.
Nashville and he had lived there ever
every position in Civil Air Patrol
The veteran CAP official was born since.
April 28, 1905, in Waverly, Tenn. The
from squadron commander on up.
He attended Nashville elementary
schools and Montgomery Bell
Academy as well as Fitzgerald and
C l a r k M i l i t a r y A c a d e m y. L a t e r, h e
did special work at the University of
He entered the insurance business
in 1928 and was so engaged at the
time of his death. He was a member
of the firm of Turner-Weaver
and Co. of Nashville.
Gen. Turner began flying in 1927
with the 1O5th Observation Sq., a unit
o f t h e Te n n e s s e e N a t i o n a l G u a r d
which helped build Nashville's first
airfield. In 1936, he won the
Te n n e s s e e B u r e a u o f A e r o n a u t i c s
Chairman Emeritus of National Board
Flight Scholarship Award and received his private pilot license. He later
earned a commercial license and
accrued many thousands of hours flying time.
He was a member of St. George's
Episcopal Church in Nashville. He
i---_ /(
was also a 32nd degree Mason, a
member of the Corinthian Lodge; a
Shriner and a member of the PotenIN THE
IN 1936
tate's Guard. He was a member of
the Nashville Kiwanis Club, the
Nashville Chamber of Commerce
where he served as a member of the
Aviation Committee, and the
Richland Gold and Country Club of
Nashville. He was a past president of
the Nashville Insurance Exchange,
was on the board of directors of the
American Ordnance Association, and
was a former Key Man of Nashville


Hangar QB Club. His hobbies included photography and woodworking.
He is survived by his widow, the
former Elizabeth B. "Betsy"
Gebhart; three daughers; and a
number of grandchildren. Funeral
services were held Tuesday, Dec. 6,
in Nashville with interment following
in that city.
A large number of Civil Air Patrol
officials and members attended the
services. Among them were Brig.
G e n . T h o m a s C . C a s a d a y, t h e
National Commander; Col. Oscar K.
J o l l e y, t h e N a t i o n a l V i c e C o m mander; Brig. Gens. William C.
Whelen, Lyle W. Castle, and S. H.
duPont Jr., all former Chairmen of
the National Board; and Gordon T.
W e i r, N a t i o n a l A d m i n i s t r a t o r. A i r
Force Brig. Gen. Paul E. Gardner,
CAP Executive Director,
represented the Air Force.
At the time Gen. Turner served as
Chairman of the National Board, the
position, as it does today, represented
the highest level of corporate
a u t h o r i t y. I t c a r r i e d t h e r a n k o f
colonel. Later, the rank for this position was upgraded to brigadier
general and all past National Board
Chairmen were elevated to this rank.
Since September 1975, the top-level
corporate official has been
designated the National Commander.
The Air Force officer who helps
direct Civil Air Patrol affairs at
National Headquarters, formerly
known as the National Commander,
was designated the Executive Director at that time.




National Commander's Comments

Plan Now For Staff Colleges
Brigadier General, CAP
National Commander
Most of you who have been in
the Civil Air Patrol for a
number of years are familiar
with the excellent summer activities available to both senior
and cadet members.
Whether it be the National
Staff College or Cadet Officer
School at Max ................
well AFB, Ala.,
or a Region
Staff College or
cadet encampmen, at any
number of locations throughout the country,
these activities
afford training that enhances

not only our potential for progress in the CAP program, but
in our personal and professional lives as well.
The one asset that any
progressive organization must
possess is strong, effective
leadership; and the development of leadership qualities in
the CAP membership is the
primary goal of these activities. I urge commanders
and cadet and senior program
officers at all echelons to
promote and support these activities to the fullest extent.
Present and potential commanders and staff personnel
should be identified and encouraged to attend the National
Staff College (NSC) or the
Region Staff College (RSC) in

their region. Those members
who have been identified to
serve at wing or region level in
particular should attend the
NSC, which has developed as
the graduate-level school in the
senior training program.
Commanders and cadet
program officers should seek
out our deserving cadets and
provide all assistance possible
to get them to those activities
for which they qualify.
I suggest, incidentally, that if
you are a senior member or
cadet who is interested in these
activities, ask your commander or senior or cadet
program officer how to apply.
It may seem strange that I
would be pushing these
summer activities during the

dead of winter, but the fact is
that application procedures
must begin now in order to
assure acceptance. If the lead
time seems inordinately long,
keep in mind that facilities,
staff and, in many cases, airlift
must be procured long in advance of the activity start date.
The cadet activity listing is
printed in this issue of the Civil
Air Patrol News. The senior
listing will appear next month.
I believe that every CAP
member can find activities
that will benefit him or her
both personally and
p r o f e s s i o n a l l y. T h e s e
programs are not training only
for training's sake, but offer
tremendous potential for individual development.

B l a c k s M a d e M a n y C o n t r i b u t i o n s To N a t i o n
February is Black History
Month. In the United States a
variety of events are planned
each year in recognition of the
contributions made to the nation
by its black citizens.
In the Air Force, in addition to
the service-wide celebration of
Black History Month, one week
in February is often set apart as
B l a c k H i s t o r y We e k a t t h e
various bases in which local
events are scheduled for the
base community.
The idea of having a special
month set aside in commemoration of Black History in which
members of all races could take
part was conceived several
years ago as a consciousnessraising event, partly to make all
citizens aware of the contributions of black Americans to
the nation's development.
Blacks have played no small
role in the history of the New
World, but in many instances
their contributions have not been
generally known.
Thus the people and milestones
of Black-American History were

largely ignored by the national
school system, so that whole
generations of Americans grew
up without having the slightest
conception of the magnitude of
the part Black Americans played
in their history.
Black History doesn't begin in
the New World. There were
many highly advanced black
cultures in the ancient and
medieval periods. They were in
contact with the classical and
Arabic civilizations and made
numerous contributions to European civilization.
Paintings from ancient Egypt
show many blacks. Some of the
most powerful of the Egyptian
kings had black wives. In the
Song of Solomon, the wife of the
Israelite king Solomon, who was
an Egyptian princess, is described as a black woman. At one
time a black dynasty from the
Sudan conquered Egypt. This is
the subject of the opera "Aida."
Meroe, a black kingdom south
of Egypt continued the Egyptian
civilization after the decline of
Egypt itself, event building

From 1900 through 1925,
motor vehicle deaths
totaled 2.1 million,
according to the
National Safety News.

The Greek historian,
Herodotus, wrote of a city populated by blacks on the eastern
shore of the Black sea named
Colchis. That was one of the
stops made by the Jason of
Greek legend and the Argonauts
when they were searching for
the golden fleece. Jason's wife,
Medea, was a Colchian.
Many blacks held important
positions in the Grace-Roman
world. It is believed that such
notables of ancient literature as
Aesop and Terentius were black.
A black Roman army commander, Lusius Quietus, became
governor of Judea at the height
of Roman imperial expansion.
Archaeological finds from ancient America indicate that
blacks were among the other
groups which preceded Columbus. The first known black to
reach America was Pedro Alonzo, Nine pilot of one of Columbus's ships on his first voyage.
Although the Spanish used
black and Indian slaves in mining and agricultural work, many
blacks that traveled with them
were free. There were several
blacks with Balboa in Panama
and with De Sate in Mississippi-one of whom became the second
settler in Alabama. Others were
with the founding party at St.
Augustine, Fla.
The English imported blacks
as slave labor. The first ship
brought slaves to Jamestown,
Va., in 1619, the same year that
the first ship of English women
arrived as wives for the
colonists. The first slaves arrived in New England in 1638. They
worked along side indentured
white persons as house servants
and grooms.
Massachusetts became the
first colony to legalize slavery in
1641. From then on the institution of slavery was 'formalized.
Laws were passed confirming
that the children of slaves were

born into slavery, that intermarriage between the races was
prohibited, and that conversion
to Christianity did not alter the
slaves' status.
The situation remained unchanged up to the American
Revolution. Revolutionary
leaders were generally opposed "
to slavery but did not want to
risk alienating large segments of
the white population during the
war. Benjamin Frnaklin was
president of an abolitionist
society in Pennsylvania.
Blacks had a role in fl~e war
from the Boston Massacre and
Bunker Hill to the end. Several
thousand blacks served in the
war and were given their
freedom. The New England
states were the first to outlaw
slavery during and after the war,
beginning with Vermont.
At the end of the war out of a
population of four million, nearly 19 per cent was black. Many of
these rose to prominent

p o s i t i o n s i n m e d i c i n e , l a w,
literature, education, music and
religion /ram the very first.
Several thousand blacks were
t h e m s e l v e s s l a v e ~
A f t e r t h e C i v i l Wa r, w h e n
slavery was abolished in the entire country, blacks faced a
century-long struggle before
they gained complete acceptance as fellow citizens from
other Americans.
During that time they continned to make gains in the
professional fields. There were
so many successful blacks that
they cannot be considered exceptions, as they have been for so
l o n g . H o w e v e r, t h e i r a t tainments were not generally
Now however, largely through
the efforts of departments of
black studies at universities,
their accomplishments are
becoming known. Black History
Month is a part of that effort.

N a t i o n a l C o m m a n d e r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . rig. Gen. Thomas C. Casaday, CAP
Executive Director ........................ Brig. Gen. Paul E. Gardner, USAF
D i r e c t o r o f I n f o r m a t i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Lt. Col. Herbert A. Iksbb, USAF
Editor ......................................................... TSBt. Hugh Borg, USAF
C i v i l A i r P a t r o l N e w s I s a n o f fi c i a l p u b l i c a t i o n o f C i v i l A i r P a t r o l , a p r i v a t e b e n e v o l e n t a r.
potation which is also an auxiliary of the UnHed States Air Force. It is published monthly at
H e a d q u a r t e r s , C i v i l A i r P a t r o l - U . S . A i r F o r c e , / O I , I k d i d i n p 7 1 4 , M a x w e l l A F | , A l e . 3 6 11 2 .
Opinions expressed herein do nat necessarily represent those of the U.S. Air Force or any of
Its departments, nor of the Civil Air Patrol Corporation.
I E d l t a r i d l c o p y s h o u k l b e s e n t t o ! H Q . C A P - U S A F / O I I N , l i d l t a r, C I V I l A i r P a t r o l N e w s , M a x w e l l
A F B , A l e . 3 6 11 2 .
C i v i l A i r P a t r o l N e w s d o e s n a t p u b l i s h a n y o m m e r c i a l a d v e r t i s i n g . H o w e v e r, i t d o e s p u b l i c h
offislol notices from Its own Education Materials Center (Bookstore) and CAP Supply Depot.
P u b l i s h e d b y m a i l s u b s c r i p t i o n a t $ 2 p e r y e a r. C M I A i r P a t r o l m e m b e r s h i p i n c l u d e s s u b s c r i p tion dues.
S e c o n d c l a s s p o s t a g e p a i d a t M o n t g o m e r y, A l e . 3 6 1 0 4 .
P o s t m a s t e r : P l e a s e s e n d ~ F o r m 3 5 7 9 t o H Q . C A P. U t A F / D P D , M a x w e l l A F | , A l e . 3 6 11 2 .







Fargo Cadets
Brave Storm
(Continued From Page 1)
The night was quiet for the
ground teams but the radios
were full of traffic.
The squadron net monitored
CB channel 9 for persons in need
of help. He also monitored weather
reports, which at this time saw
no end in sight for the storm.
The following day everything
in the Fargo-Moorbead area was
at a standstill. All schools were
closed and most businesses. The
snow was so bad and heavy that
the street departments had to
take all their plows off the roads
because they were getting stuck.
The ground teams slowly
worked their way to people
stranded in cars that could be
heard calling for help on the CB.
But there were many that had no
way to communicate with the
A number of vehicles were
found stalled, and the passengers were hauled to safety where they could wait out the

of the snow and ice.
'rile radios and ground teams
were busy all that day and night.
By nightfall you could see that
the many hours of work were
starting to take their toll of the
squadron members. But cold and
hungry, they kept on working.
The following day most of the
cities were still at a standstill.
The weather reports said that
this had been the worst storm
ever recorded for that time of
year in our area.
By that night you could see
some movement in the cities.
Power was still out in many
sections but the repair crews
were working.
The squadron vehicles and
radios had one of the biggest and
toughest workouts that they
had ever had.
After the storm, work began
on repairing the squadron
repeater. We hoped that part of
the antenna could be saved and
that the repair cost wouldn't be
more than we could afford.

Centers were set up in the area
for people from out of town that
got caught by the storm.

Two persons are known to
have lost their lives because of
the storm and Minnesota Wing
was still looking for two lost
hunters at the time of writing.

Many persons also had to leave
their homes because they had no
heat or lights, for power lines
were falling from the weight

But we of the Fargo-Moorhead
Cadet Sq. will not likely forget
the storm and the lessons learned from it.

Radiation Monitors
T For Real Thing
WARWICK, R.I.--The Rhode
Island Wing's participation in a
recent civil defense exercise had
an added touch of realism.

pected, 50 CAP members took
samples from 37 monitoring

A simulated radiation monitor-.
ing mission turned into a chance
to monitor debris from a Communist Chinese nuclear test that
swept eastward over the state.

Civil Defense personnel were
sent to instruct the CAP participants in the use of survey
meters, dosimeters and

As newspapers reported that
the debris from the Chinese test
explosion bad been blown toward
the Atlantic faster than ex-

Films on the subject were
a l s o s h o w n . A d d i t i o n a l l y,
home study courses were made
available to the CAP personnel.





E 1-,


TV INTERVIEW--Civil Air Patrol emergency assistance to the cities of Fargo, N.D., and
Moorehead, Minn., during a recent blizzard was a topic of conversation when three members
of the Fargo-Moorehead Cadet Sq. (North Dakota Wing) appeared on the afternoon talk show
Panorama on KXJB-TV in Fargo. From left, they are Cadet Jeff Nansen, Cadet Brian Little
and Maj..David Ortner, squadron commander, with show hostess Sa|ly Hillaboe. (KXJB-TV
Photo by Dennis Gad)

CAP Joins Ground Search
SCRANTON, Pa.--Members
of the Scranton Comp. Sq. 201
(Pennsylvania Wing) were called out on a four-day search
recently to look for a 78-year-old
woman who became separated
from her husband while the two
were picking mushrooms.
Other volunteers and the local
police had searched the area
before the CAP was called.
In addition to the Scranton
addition to the Scrantoh
squadron, the Carbendaie Comp.
Sq. 204 and units from Group 80
in the Allentown area arrived to
take part in the search. Approximately 90 CAP people were included.
The area involved in the
search was heavily wooded, with
strip mines, small creeks and a
reservoir. This required that
ground search teams do the actual searching.
A Pennsylvania State Police
helicopter was used on the second day of the search, but
was unsuccessful because of
the nature of the terrain.


The woman had disappeared
several days previously before
an electrical storm that had high
winds, rain and low
temperatures that turned the
rain to snow.
The search was also hampered
by adverse weather conditions.
In spite of pouring rain and unseasonably cold temperatures,
the search continued.
Bloodhounds were brought in
on two occassions and beth times
they tracked the missing woman
to the edge of a bridge spanning
the reservoir, but refused to
cross it.
This led some to believe
that the woman had fallen into
the water and was carried down
T h a t s e e m e d u n l i k e l y,
h o w e v e r, b e c a u s e r e s c u e
workers felt her mushroom
basket, her walking stick or even
a few spilled mushrooms should
have been found near the water's
The State Police scuba dive
team was called in to drag the
reservoir, but turned up no trace
of the missing woman.

On the third day of the search,
the commander of Group 20 contacted from Scott AFB, Ill., to
request assistance of air sniffer
dogs of the American Rescue
Dog Association.

These dogs are trained to
trace human scent in tl~e air~.~__~
not on the ground~like~blo0d--'-''~
hounds or other tracking dogs.
There are only 17 such dogs in
the country.
Three dogs and seven handlers
were flown in from the New
York area that night. The dogs
began searching ~e next morning.
A few hours later they found
the body of the woman about one
and a half miles from where she
was last seen, in four feet of
water in a runoff from one of the
creeks. All that was visible was
her bat and one shoulder.
Maj. William Mathlas, mission coordinator, said she would
not have been found if it wasn't
for the help of the dogs because
her clothing blended in perfectly
with the surroundings.







~ 1972 New York Nm In¢,
World RiRhts Relenmd

-~lmm ~Bii

(Courtesy of Zaek Mesley and Chicago Trtbnne-N.Y. News Syndicate)

I1" IS


FLA- /




I o w a n s F i n d F o u r Ta r g e t s



MISSION COMMUNICATOR--Cadet Mike lempton, Red
Oak Optimist Comp. Sq. (Iowa Wing), handled radio
messages during a recent state-wide search and rescue exercise held by the wing at the Red Oak Municipal Airport.
(Photo by Capt. Jim Black).

RED OAK, Iowa--The Red
Oak Optimist Comp. Sq. (Iowa
Wing) was host for a recent
statewide practice search and
rescue mission.
More than 100 Civil Air Patrol
members from all Darts of Iowa
participated in the mission,
which was based at the newly
remodeled C.O. Betsinger
Search and Rescue Center at the
municipal airport. The National
Guard Armory was also used for
billeting, messing and training
during the weekend exercise.
The mission was activated at 9
a.m. on a Saturday. Capt. Don
Bailey of Ames, Iowa, mission
coordinator, spent the morning
hours briefing all personnel.
A total of nine aircraft were
employed on the mission. Also
five vehicles were used for
ground support.
The first search aircraft was
dispatched at 10:30 a.m.
Although the mission was a practice exercise, every attempt was
made to provide realism.
Problems were thought out
before hand. Clues and information lent further reality to the exercise.
As the mission developed,
clues were called in by persons
who had heard or seen aircraft
acting suspiciously. Information
was also gathered by radio and
ground team interrogation.
The information was relayed
to the mission coordinator and

CAP Uniform Board Makes
Changes in Cadet Apparel
MAXWELL AFB, Ala. -- The
National Uniform Committee
considered several items of
business at its meeting here at
National Headquarters on Dec.
2. The most significant change
was approval for cadets to wear
the new long sleeve epaulet shirt
as an optional uniform (Combination 2).
Cadet airmen will wear the
shirt with the CAP cutout on the
left collar and metal chevron on
the right. Cadet officers will
wear it with a new cloth shoulder
mark insignia (not to be confused with the cadet officer
shoulder boards).
This new cloth insignia will
also be authorized for female
cadets to be worn on the new

version of the overblouse with
The same badges and devices
are worn with this shirt as are
worn on the short-sleeve blue
shirt, i.e., identification badge,
wing patch, etc.
The Committee also approved
the wear of shoulder boards for
cadet warrant officers.
The Committee approved the
senior member identification
badge for cadets when the
current stock of cadet identification badges is depleted by
the Bookstore. During the transition period, either badge may be
The Committee confirmed the
policy whereby cadets enrolled

in both CAP and AFJROTC may
wear the same uniform for both
activities with the AFJROTC
patch on the left sleeve and the
CAP wing patch on the right

and a nursing student at Essex
Community College "in
One morning recently as he
was going to school, he noticed

sion. Cadets got training in mission coordination, emergency
communications, ground search
and recovery, scuba rescue,
radiological defense, emergency
vehicle operation, emergency
l o c a t o r t r a n s m i t t e r ( E LT )
tracking, crash site surveillance
and ground team operation.
It is nearly impossible to involve all the above things in a
simulated mission, but the 111th

Active duty Air Force personnel were present to evaluate
the overall mission effectiveness
and monitor the performance of
key staff members. The
evaluators said they were impressed with the new search and
rescue facility and had only a
few suggestions for improvements.

FIRST AID--Znd Lt. Pat Kruzensk (right) and Cadet
Radger Tabor of the Grayson County Comp. Sq. (Texas
Wing) administer first aid to an accident victim at a first aid
s t a t i o n t h e s q u a d r o n s e t u p a t L a k e Te x o m a n e a r t h e
Oklahoma line at the request of the U.S. Army Corps of
Engineers. During the summer CAP personnel were
credited with a save when a small boat foundered They got'a-~ ~ ....
boat and rescued the occupants of the sinking craft.


All of the above changes will
he forthcoming in a change to
CAPM 39-1. The effective date
for Combination 2 and shoulder
boards for warrant officers is
Jan. 15 (or when the new cloth
cadet insignia becomes
available in the Bookstore).

several police cars along the
shoulder of the highway and
another car, tilted on its side in a
Cohen stopped to offer

Cadets Plan Successful Practice Mission
planning a recent practice mission, the cadets of the 111th Air
Rescue and RecoCery Cadet Sq.
decided that they wanted to do
something different from the
usual rappelling or mountain
climbing. What they got was a
well planned multi-targeted
practice mission.
The exercise involved just
about every aspect of a real mis-

teams to the exact locations.
During the weekend exercise,
a total of five simulated aircraft
accidents were reported. Four of
them were located.

A proposal to authorize a
ribbon for the Cadet Officer
School was disapproved in keeping with the Committee's policy
of a clean-line, uncluttered uniform.

Nursing Student Helps Accident
BALTIMORE, Md.--Senior
Member Larry Cohen of the
Northwest Comp. Sq. (Maryland
Wing) is a state licensed
emergency medical technician

air operations officer for
evaluation. Then the aircrews
were briefed and assigned
search grids. At the same time,
ground teams were sent to areas
where they could be quickly
routed to the crash sites.
Information on the various
aspects of the flights, including
pilots, passengers, aircraft
description and flight coordinates were pieced together and
search planes dispatched to the
location involved.
After the targets were located,
aircrews directed the ground

did it in a very realistic way. In
fact, real aircraft wreckage was
used as an objective for the
ground team to locate.
The entire mission ran
smoothly, but it did show us that
we do have some definite things
that we need to work on. The
squadron is probably prepared to
handle almost any situation, and
this exercise showed us that we

assistance. The two victims
were bleeding from head wounds
and had possibly suffered leg injuries. Someone was already
w o r k i n g w i t h t h e d r i v e r, s o
Larry attended to the passenger.
He always carries a first aid kit.
As he was treating the head injuries, he noticed she was going
into shock. He began talking to
her, conforting and reassuring
He was able to extricate her
from the wreckage, while keeping her leg as still as possible.
After the rescue squad arrived,
he applied a splint to the leg and
prepared an intravenous fluid to
further treat the shock.
The victims are recovering.

For the benefit of all
members of Civil Air Patrol,
the statistics of search and
rescue activities throughout
the organization are shown
These are unofficial figures
compiled by Directorate of
Operations at CAP National
As of Dec. 4, 1977
Number of Missions ...........750
Number of Aircraft ......... 4,440
Number of Sorties ...........8,626
Flying Hours ............... 16,168.0
Personnel ........................ 23,198
Saves ...................................... 4S
Finds ..................................... 416



iiii! ii!;

iiiiii !i!iiiii::ii! !ii!!ii iiiii i iiiii i -

etin Cont'd Q
,pproximately three weeks is normally required to process a request through HQ USAF aDd

VON, FTS, WATS. Indications have been received at this headquarters that AUTOVON,
ircuits are being used by CAP personnel for the conduct of CAP business. In accordance
~ove listed telephone services are only for official USAF business by authorized personnel.
,ns for other reasons is illegal and subject to financial liability.

DRON COMMANDERS. The 1978 CAP Pamphlet 50-1 has been distributed to the field
and places of national significance. Page 77 of that document should be further updated

NCR Conference
GLR Conference
Eastern Staff College
S E R Con fe renee
PACR Conference

J uly

Cedar Rapids, iowa
Dayton, Ohio
Roanoke, Virginia
Biloxi, Mississippi
Portland, Oregon


iiiiiiigiiiiilg iii)ffiiifi iiiiigg&ilgiiiigiiflili!)i!iiiii ii!iiiiiiii







One, if not THE, most ego-related maneuvers in a pilot's repertoire is the LANDING. The ]bllowing article was borrowed from "Flight Safety," HQ A TC Randolph
AFB, Texas. It is worthy of reading and heeding with due consideration as to who
flies the aircraft at times, the pilot, or his ego.

;signment and Duty Status," 9 December 1977, supersedes CAPR 35-1, 20 January 1967.
PM 39-2, "Civil Air Patrol Membership," 9 December 1977, has been published.
50-1, "Extension Course Institute (ECI)," 9 December 1977, has been published.
mmander's Guide," January 1978, supersedes CAPP 50-1, January 1977.
Level II Specialty Track-Study Guide for Plans and Programs Officer," 9 December 1977,
~st 1972.
... ....
Level 1I Specialty Track-Study Guide for Supply Officer," 9 December 1977, supersedes

19a, "Senior Member Training, Level I Comprehensive Review," and the answer sheet
have been published.
.~t Evaluation for the Leadership Laboratory," December 1977, has been published. DAP


Lt Col, USAF

) n


A recent Aero Club mishap review from another command is notable primarily because it sounds so familiar. The student pilot's approach was normal until the flare:tie flared the T-41 high, ballooned, and immediately lowered the nose. The aircraft
descended rapidly, contacted the runway nosewheel first, and bounced twice. Full-up
elevator and power were added. The aircraft then made a three-point touchdown, at
which time the student pilot retarded the power and completed the landing. The nosegear and fire wall were damaged.
The most frequent way pilots damage this type aircraft is during la~ding when the
pilot bounces, balloons, or porpoises and takes improper corrective actions. This
mishap report does not mention whether or not the aircraft actually porpoised; however, the description of the nosewheel first touchdown and subsequent bouncing seems
to describe what is commonly known as "porpoise." The proper corrective action for
this problem involves positioning the yoke neutral or slightly aft to establish the normal landing attitude and adding power in order to accomplish a go-around, If you do
try to counteract each upward and downward movement of the nose, your reaction
time will put you far enough behind the aircraft's movements to cause your inputs to
magnify the problem.
Many porpoises will result from a bounce or balloon if the pilot attempts to put the
aircraft on the runway. If the bounce is only slight, i.e., the aircraft is just slightly
above the runway, you are not about to stall, and the pitch attitude is not excessive,
the best corrective action is to maintain landing attitude and allow the zjircraft to
settle back to the runway. If the bounce is severe, causes a high nose-up attitude, or
the aircraft is near a stall, then the proper corrective action is to go around. By holding the landing attitude and adding power for a go-around, you will prevent a porpoise.
It is possible that the aircraft may still touch the ground a second time before reaching
flying speed, but the second touch should be on the main gear with the aircraft under
control. If a balloon is encountered, the corrective action is basically the same. Again,
the distance above the runway, pitch attitude, and airspeed must be considered when
deciding whether to continue the landing or go around.
Whether a bounce, balloon, or porpoise is encountered, the best solution is a goaround wherein the pilot carefully controls the aircraft's pitch attitude and slowly
applies power. A very slight bounce or balloon will not lead to problems if the pilot
doesn't overreact. In any case. when in doubt go around.





L e t ' s Ta l k A b o u t S p e e d S y m b o l s
Editor's note: This article was originally printed in the July 1975 issue of the
Civil Air Patrol News.
Stalling speed in any specified configuration. By this we mean the various
speeds at which the aircraft will stall
with power off al2d flaps down, or vice
versa, or out of a trY'n, or out of a glide,
etc. These stall speeds, of. course, vary
one from the other.

If there is one thing that can drive the
average pilot up a wall, it is the technical
aspects of flying. Each year we are
hammered more and more with all sorts
of information; some of which takes concerted effort to learn. The primary purpose of this Information is to make us
more knowledgeable and consequently,
safer pilots.
Unfortunately, many pilots take a
glance at some of these hieroglyphics,
and decide that it is information they can
get along without. However, the accident
statistics prove differently, and only God
knows how many lives would have been
spared, if the pilot had been more
In bygone years both flying and instructing were much simpler because we
were not regulated to the extent we are
now, but aviation has grown a lot and we
must grow with it, if we are to fly safely.
This means knowing as much as we can
about the realm in which we are flying,
the equipment we" are flying and our own
capability to handle both.

For Multi-Engine Aircraft, specifically
light twins.
as the speed, at a given weight (usually
gross weight) at which you can abruptly
pul! the elevators full back and do no
structural damage.

This is the minimum airspeed at which
you can expect to control your aircraft if
you suddenly lost one engine and the other
engine was producing takeoff power. By
control, it is meant that you are able to
stop the roll into the dead engine with
rudder, while losing no more than 20
degrees from your original heading.

In other words at or below this speed
you cannot exceed the limit load factor
for the aircraft. Let us say you were
foolishly caught in severe turbulance, in
an aircraft rated for the normal category
limit load of 3.8 Gs, and encourntered a
gust that imposed a high load on the
wings, the wing would stall when the load
reached 3.8 Gs and supposedly no structural damage will he done.
I said supposedly.

The following is an attempt to give you
the most simplistic, comprehensive understanding of the more often used speed
symbols. Through the years I have refined them somewhat, and I expect I may
continue to do so, as I plagiarize thoughts
from books and other airmen.

At this speed, the aircraft may not
climb, nor necessarily even hold altitude,
especially if the density altitude is
against you. Certainly, lift off should
never be attempted before Vmc plus 5
m.p.h., unless a more critical problem is
Maximum structural cruising speed.
This speed is the limit of the green arc on
the airspeed indicator and is the speed in
which the aircraft can be flown safely in
smooth air. Flight at this airspeed in turbulent air could result in structural

ID' Ig~Ax

Best angle of climb speed with one
engine out, and the other producing full


Best rate of climb speed with one
engine out, and the other producing full

The point to remember here is that the
speed Va is for only one weight configuration: gross weight. Lighter than
gross aircraft should be flown slightly
slower than Va because they are subjected to higher acceleration and displacement loads in turbulent air than
heavier aircraft. You want to compensate
for this by reducing speed slightly as the
aircraft becomes lighter.

Best rate of climb speed. This speed
will give you the best altitude gain for a
given period of time. You use this speed
in getting up to cruise altitude and for
best engine cooling in a climb. In some
aircraft,, it may give you a blind spot over
the nose, so it is wise in terminal areas to
be extremely vigilant.

This is the over the fence speed corrected for instrument error due to the
changed angle of attack of the pitot tube.
The aircraft manual lists the corrected
speed for various configurations and this
is the figure you use to arrive at 1.3 Vso.
Never exceed speed. This is the red line
speed on the airspeed indicator, and any
speed beyond this will probably result in
some structural failure. Obviously, not
only do you never want to exceed it, hut it
is prudent not even to get near it.

Best angle of climb speed. This speed
will give you the greatest gain in altitude
for a given horizontal distance. You would
use this speed to clear an obstacle, and
once this is safely done, go to Vy. The
simplest way to remember the difference
between Vx and Vy is to remember that
Vx has more angles than Vy. Hence Vx is
the best angle of climb.

This is the manuvering speed. It is the
that is normally used to fly in turair. Technically, it can be defined


Power off stalling speed in the landing
configuration. All we mean by this is that
the power is off and the gear and flaps are

"STOP !"

For instance, if the manual gives Vso as
60 m.p.h., the 1.3 Vso is computed as 60 +
30 per cent-- 78 m.p.h.
I realize that the foregoing is very basic
stuff, and we should all know it, but it has
been my experience after conducting
numerous check flights that many pilots
are confused about these symbols.
Obviously it is difficult to commit these
symbols and their numerical counterparts to memory, especially if you are
current in a number of aircraft. The
easiest solution to this is to write them
down on your personal checklist and
review them before each flight. In no
time at all and with little effort, you will
be able to recall all of them; and this is
bound to make you a safer pilot.
After all, we all agree that Safety is the
name of the game.
Don't we?

The 1978 Cadet Special Activities have been developed to provide incentive programs for qualified
cadets. In addition to the cadets, senior members are afforded an opportunity to act as escorts.
This brochure is directive and all requirements must be fulfilled by the cadet and the commander
as listed.
1. The cadet special activity program was established as a motivational force to encourage
greater participation in the cadet program. Selection for any one of the cadet special activities
is a reward for having attained achievement and advancement.
2. Special activities broaden the scope of thinking a~d experience of each cadet selectee. In
fact, certain activities contribute directly to the cadet's knowledge of career opportunities, not only
in the Air Force, but also in civilian aerospace career fields. Participation in this most active
program can be a high point of a cadet's life and contribute immeasurably to the formulation of life
goals and ambitions.
3. Many cadet activities have been established and are controlled and conducted at squadron,
wing, and region level. This pamphlet describes only those activities sponsored by National Headquarters.
T R A N S P O R TAT I O N F O R C A P PA R T I C I PA N T S AT T E N D I N G C A D E T S P E C I A L A C T I V I T I E S . W i n g
commanders are responsible for preparing and distributing travel authorizations, properly authent i c a t e d b y t h e w i n g l i a i s o n o f fi c e r, w h i c h i n d i c a t e p o i n t s o f d e p a r t u r e a n d d e s t i n a t i o n f o r a l l s p e c i a l
activities. Exceptions: The IACE and those cadets andsenior m~mbers who require MAC air transportation to attend a national activity (Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico). These orders will be published
a n d d i s t r i b u t e d b y H e a d q u a r t e r s C A P - U S A F. D u e t o t h e c o o r d i n a t i o n a n d t i m e i n v o l v e d i n p u b l i s h i n g
and distributing orders, no alternate will be accepted after 30 days prior to the starting date of an
activity for which Headquarters CAP-USAF is responsible for publishing the orders.

NOTE: Cadets who are selected for special activities and accept,the selection must do so only with
the understanding (1) that USAF airlift may not be provided (except IACE) and (2) that they are
o b l l g a t i n ~ t h e m s e l v e s t o p r o v i d e t h e i r o w n t r a n s p o r t a t i o n t o a n d f r o m t h e a c t i v i t y s i t e i f n e c e s s a r y.
Parents/guardians of cadets selected shall be made aware of the above condition.

C A D E T A P P L I C AT I O N P R O C E D U R E S :
1. For all activities except 1ACE cadets will apply on CAPF 31, dated June 1974. Each qualified
c a d e t m u s t c o m p l e t e t w o c o p i e s o f t h e f o r m , S e c t i o n s I a n d I V, a n d h a v e p a r e n t c o m p l e t e S e c t i o n V
of the application in addition to the applicant's signature. He must submit one copy to his squadron
commander by 15 February.The squadron commander will complete Section II and forward all applications to the wing. The remaining copy must be retained by the cadet for presentation at the activity
should he be selected to participate. This is the only paperwork required of the cadet to make app l i c a t i o n f o r a s p e c i a l a c t i v i t y.
2. Before applying, the cadet should check the qualifications and entrance requirements for the
selected activities, as listed in this brochure.
R e

Current CAP cadet/STP membership at time of application, selection, and during the

a c t i v i t y,

Proper sex.

c. Required minimum age by 1 July in the year in which the activity is held.
d. Minimum required achievement level by 31 December 1977. (Completed Lindbergh,
Goddard, or Operations Officer Achievement contracts, when required, must be dated and postmarked on or before 31 December 1977.)
3. For IACE, comply with procedures in CAPM 50-16 and special instructions to be dispatched
by National Headquarters/TTHS to all units and Earhart cadets.

THE CADET SELECTION PROCESS. For all activities except IACE squadron commanders will forward all CAP
Forms 31 submitted to them (with Sections I, II, IV, and V completed) to wing selection boards by 15 February 1978.
Wing selection proceedings may require a personal interview with cadets who apply since selection factors include
military bearing, appearance, attitude, general knowledge, and interest in the activity. Requirements will not be
waived, and cadets with the highest earned grade will be considered first. After selections are made, the wing commander will verify qualifications of all selectees with the respective squadrons, then submit CAPF 7 (original copy)
of primary selectees and alternates by courses listed in this brochure to National Headquarters/TTHS by 20 March
1978, with a copy to the region commander, region liaison office, and wing liaison office. Rosters will include
Charter Number, CAPSN (SSAN), course, primary, alternate, sex, name (list name, first name, middle initial), and
complete address with ZIP code. Applications will remain with the wing to be used in the event that wing quota
changes occur. (Reallocation of unfilled quotas will not be made by wing/region without National Headquarters
approval.) The wing commander will also notify each cadet of his/ber selection status by 1 April 1978. Physical examinations should be arranged at this time.


CADET OFFICERS' SCHOOL: A ten-day course designed to increase the effectiveness of cadet officers.
Curriculum includes psychology of leadership, problem solving techniques, public speaking, physical fitness,
a n d o r i e n t a t i o n t r i p s . I n s t r u c t i o n i s d i v i d e d b e t w e e n l e c t u r e a n d s e m i n a r. T h e r e i s a l s o a fi e l d e x e r c i s e
and a graduation parade. *Cost $60.00 **Personal funds $30.00




. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-


S PA C E F L I G H T O R I E N TAT I O N C O U R S E : A o n e - w e e k c o u r s e d e s i g n e d t o f u r t h e r t h e a e r o s p a c e e d u c a t i o n
o f c a d e t s a n d t o m o t i v a t e t h e m t o w a r d c a r e e r s i n a e r o s p a c e a n d a l l i e d s c i e n c e s . C o u r s e i n c l u d e s h i s t o r y,
p h i l o s o p h y, a n d o b j e c t i v e s o f s p a c e fl i g h t ; p r o p u l s i o n a n d s t r u c t u r a l d e s i g n o f s p a c e v e h i c l e s ; g u i d a n c e ,
navigation, instrumentation, and communication ; systems engineering and visits to an astronautic and
m a n u f a c t u r i n g e n g i n e e r i n g l a b o r a t o r y. * C o s t $ 4 0 . 0 0 * * P e r s o n a l f u n d s $ 2 0 . 0 0
.: .................

. . . . . . . . . : :: ........

and conducted by USAF personnel
)peration c




A I R F O R C E L O G I S T I C S C O M M A N D O R I E N TAT I O N P R O G R A M : A o n e - w e e k p r o g r a m d e s i g n e d t o p r o v i d e
cadets with briefings and presentations on the global aspects of AFLC support. Cadets will observe airAFLCOP frame maintenance, component repair and overhaul. *Cost $40.00 **Personal funds $20.00

a one-week program planned supervised :
i with various medical fields in the USAF an.d Ci~an

M .....






N AT I O N A L C A D E T C O M P E T I T I O N : C o m p e t i t i o n c o n d u c t e d a t t h e n a t i o n a l l e v e l . O n e t e a m f r o m e a c h
C A P r e g i o n c o m p e t e s a f t e r w i n g a n d r e g i o n c o m p e U t i o n . Te a m s a r e o r g a n i z e d a n d c o m p e t i t i o n i s c o n ducted in accordance with CAPP 65 and CAPP 66. Events include competiUon in aerospace knowledge,
physical fitness, standard and innovative drill: **Personal funds $15.00
N AT I O N A L E M E R G E N C Y A S S I S T ~ C E T R A I N I N G
Approximately one-week courses conducted at various training sites
t h r o u g h o u t t h e c o u n t r y, C u r r i c u l u m i n c l u d e s r i g o r o u s t r a i n i n g i n l e a d e r s h i p , s u r v i v a l , a n d l a n d s e a r c h a n d
rescue techniques to prepare cadets to fraction effectively as members of CAP land search and rescue
teams~ Exact dates and location of schools will be published by letter in the Spring. *Cost and **Personal
funds aS p~escribed by individual special schools.
FA R A R E S C U E O R I E N TAT I O N C O U R S E : A o n e - w e e k c o u r s e p l a n n e d a n d c o n d u c t e d b y U S A F p e r s o n n e l
at Kirtland AFB, New Mexico. Course is designed to allow CAP cadets to participate in various facets
of Air Force pararescue training. Curriculum includes helicopter orientation flights, observing parachute
j u m p i n g t e c h n i q u e s , a n d s u r v i v a l m e t h o d s i n m o u n t a i n o u s c o u n t r y. * C o s t $ 3 5 . 0 0 * * P e r s o n a l f u n d s $ 2 0 . 0 0


* E S T I M AT E D C O S T. T H I S I N C L U D E S T H E C O S T F O R M E A L S , P L U S $ 2 . 0 0 P E R N I G H T T O C O V E R T H E C O S T O F B I L L
C L E A N I N G , TO U R S , A N D P E R S O N A L I T E M S .

* * * C A D E T W I L L H A N D C A R R Y T O T H E A C T I V I T Y A C O M P L E T E D C O P Y O F T H E F O L L O W I N G : C A P F O R M 3 1 - A P P L I C AT I C



Male or female cadet ~? years





Ameii~ Ea~b~ Aw~

81De0 76 required (Spaatz




r - ~ p r e f e r r e d ) , [ ] N a t i o n a l : H e a d q u ~ t e r s a p p r e v a ~ r e q u i r ~ p r i o r t o s e l e c t i o n w i t h o u t E a r h onr ~ac~ r d
requlremenss . a t w a
***CAPF 31, Application ~***CAPF:32

[] Male or female cadet 16 years of age minimum [] Billy Mitchell Award by 31 Dec 76
[] ***CAPF 31 - Application

~ .


" ~ i







[] Male or female cadet I6 years of





A W A R D :

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[ ] Male or female cadet 15 years of age minimum [] Four achievements in Phase II []***CAPF 31 Application




[] Male or female cadet 15 years of age minimum []Four achievements in Phase II []***CAPF 31 Application


[ ] M a l e , f e m a l e , o r m i x e d t e a m s [] Phase II, III, ,or IV cadets under contract or completed 15th
Achievement (No STP members) [] Wing and region commanders will conduct competition to select
teams for national competition.

~<i )!~: !' ~! i/~:"~!i/~ i i:~¸~¸~¸¸¸ il !:ii i!i~i~ii!':~iii!!i !!!i!i)¸ :i i~~ '~i¸~ i!~i~!~i!!/!i!i!i: !~:~!: i:!¸:::/i!¸¸
[] Male or female cadet [] Phase i Completed [] ***CAPF 31 " Application
[-]Note additional clothing requirements on back page.

[] Male cadet 15 years of age minimum
[] ****CAPF 32 - Physical

[] Phase I completed

[] ***CAPF 31 - Application

[] Note additional clothing requirements on back page,

i : /i~

[] Male or female cadet

~ S , S H O U L D T H I S C H A R G E O C C U R . F U N D S W I L L B E H A N D C A R R I E D TO T H E C O U R S E S I T E F O R A L L A C T I V I T I E S ,
t E D C O N F E R E N C E W I L L B E P U B L I S H E D B Y T H E O F F I C E O F T H E N AT I O N A L C H A P L A I N .
t E C A D E T. F U N D S W I L L B E U S E D AT T H E D I S C R E T I O N O F T H E C A D E T F O R S U C H I T E M S A S L A U N D R Y A N D
N A N D / O R A P P R O P R I AT E P H Y S I C A L E X A M I F R E Q U I R E D ( C A P F O R M 3 2 O R FA A F O R M , A L L I T E M S S U C C E S S F U L LY PA S S E D ) .

1. Physical examina.flons shall be completed after the cadet is notified of selection but not
l a t e r t h a n 3 0 M a y. C a d e t w i l l i m m e d i a t e l y r e p o r t t h e r e s u l t s t o h i s s q u a d r o n c o m m a n d e r w h o w i l l i n
t u r n n o t i f y w i n g h e a d q u a r t e r s s o t h a t t h e w i n g m a y s e l e c t a l t e r n a t e s i f n e c e s s a r y.
2 . T h e c a d e t w i l l h a n d c a r r y a o o p y o f t h e p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n f o r m ( C A P F 3 2 o r t h e FA A f o r m ,
a s r e q u i r e d ) t o t h e a c t i v i t y, a n d p r e s e n t i t t o t h e a c U v i t y d i r e c t o r u p o n a r r i v a l .
3. The cadet will also handcarry and turn in to the activity director Ms copy of application,
C A P F 3 1 , w i t h S e c t i o n s I , I V, a n d V c o m p l e t e d .

Clothing List
3 complete uniforms shade 1549/1550
(with accessories)
1 blue flight cap
6 palr black socks
1 blue raincoat
1 palr black low quarter shoes
1 utility uniform
2 shade 1549/1550 service uniforms
(with accessories)
1 blue flight cap
3 pair neutral shade hose
1 blue raincoat
1 pair black smooth leather pumps
1 black handbag with shoulder strap
1 utility uniform (blue)
Appropriate civilian suit/party dress and accessories
Sweater or Jacket
U ndergarments
Sports wear including gym shoes
Bath towels and wash cloths
Sewing kit
Shoeshine kit
Flashlight and extra set of batteries
To i l e t a r t i c l e s / c o s m e t i c s
First aid kit (kaopectate)
C amera
1ACE - Blazer outfit,. NOTE: No military uniform required for 1ACE except utility
uniform or flight suit when specifically directed for certain countries.
A FA S C a n d P J O C - 3 s e t s 1 - o r 2 - p i e c e u t i l i t y u n i f o r m s w i t h c a p .
1 pair combat hoots/brogans with 4 pair heavy socks.
1 field Jacket. 1 pair work gloves. (Also, one stocking/ski cap
or equivalent warm "head covering.)
AT C F C - 1 fl y i n g s u i t w i t h l e a t h e r g l o v e s . 1 p a i r c o m b a t b o o t s / b r o g a n s
with heavy socks. 2 sets 1- or 2-piece utility uniforms with cap.
N E AT - A s d i r e c t e d b y i n d i v i d u a l s p e c i a l s c h o o l .




CAP Victims Make
Exercise Look Real
Deputy Commander
Maryland Wing
B E T H E S D A, M d. -- T h e
Maryland Wing of the Civil Air
Patrol recently participated in a
simulated disaster exercise with
other relief agencies in the state.
The exercise scenario took
place at a basketball game at
Wirt Junior High School in
Riverdale, Md.
The stands were filled with
student spectators and many
parents and relatives when,
suddenly at 7:50 p.m., an
explosion rocked the building
and the north wall of the gymnasium collapsed on top of packed bleachers.
The school boiler room had
exploded and the crumbling
debris had injured more than
70 spectators.

The victims had all been tagged to indicate priority of
evacuation, and within minutes
all ambulances were taking
them to one of the three nearby
hospitals--Doctors, Leland or
Prince Georges.
The emergency rooms at all
the hospitals had been contacted
a n d w e r e r e a d y. . T h e y h a d
already alerted off-duty personnel to report and were
prepared to accept the deluge of
The ambulances made several round trips and transported 25 simulated casualties
to each hospital.
A physician assisted by
several nurses examined the victims before they were wheeled
into the emergency room and
issued orders to the staff on the
proper disposition of the victims
as medical personnel took them
into the hospital.

He immediately contacted the
Fire Board dispatcher on his
walkie-talkie. Within minutes
eight ambulances were on the

Each hospital had its disaster
plan in high gear and each
casualty received the utmost in
professional care.

Injuries ranged from contusions to first degree burns.
There had also been several
fatalities. Trained ambulance
crews moved quickly to identify
the most seriously injured and
administered first aid.

This simulated disaster exercise was conducted by the three
hospitals in cooperation with the
Prince Georges County Office of
County Hospital Commission,
the American Red Cross and the
Civil Air Patrol.

CAP cadets and senior
members from the Maryland
and National Capital wings served as the victims.
They arrived early at the
school to be made up with their
assigned injuries. Realistic
effects were achieved by experts
using wax, mucilage and dyes to
simulate .the various injuries
and each victim was tagged in
advance todesignatethepriority
of the injury.
A civil disaster exercise is required semiannually of hospitals
to maintain accreditation and
many hospitals satisfy the requirement by conducting a tabletop exercise.

A squadron member is made up for a bead wound.

Prince Georges County, however, elected to undergo a very
realistic test by involving a large
number of simulated victims,
numerous rescue vehicles and
three different hospitals.
Public interest in such an ambitious undertaking was shown
by the attention it received from
the news media.
In addition to coverage by the
Washington Post, three television stations filmed the action
at both the school and the
participating hospitals for that
evening's newscast.

A victim with a simulated open chest wound is one of the
first to be evacuated.


Hospital personnel simulate the actual medical procedures that would be
called for according to the indicated injury.

The walking wounded are belped from an the ambulance
at the hospital.
~ j ......

llllll l lllill I I


1. PURCHASE OF CAP FEATURE FILM. A print of the CAP feature film, "Always Vigilant," may be purchased
for the sum of $145 from: General Services Administration, National Archives and Records Service, National Audiovisual Center, Washington DC 20409. Prepayment should accompany order. Make check payable to: National Archives
Trust Fund (NAC). To order, send an official purchase order or a letter on official stationery. Delivery may be expected within 30 days after receipt of order. However, please allow six weeks before making inquiries. Order CAP film
by the following file number and title: 008835, "Always Vigilant-Civil Air Patrol Volunteers" (SFP 2249).
2. THE CAP STORY SLIDE PRESENTATION. There has been a dramatic increase in the number of orders received
by HQ CAP-USAF/OI the past few months for the "CAP STORY" slide presentation and script. It is an encouraging
sign that more and more local CAP units are taking advantage of this convenient way to tell members of a community
about local CAP unit activities. We ask unit commanders to select one, two, or three articulate CAP members to make
the presentation of the "CAP STORY" to a local community audience. Institute practical training sessions for those
CAP members selected. The only way to be accomplished is through practice, practice, practice. The pros do it. OI
3. ATTENTION CAP UNIT COMMANDERS. The following item appeared in a wing newsletter. The comments
are not new, as National Headquarters has received complaints similar to those expressed. We thought we would share
it with you.

:!: with AFM 100-22, the
!:;::::: Utilization by other pers

:.:':" containing events, dates,
ili as ronows:



s J ut



1 l-l:


:i:! A D M I N I S T R AT I O N

ii i


CAPR 35-1, "A


Change 1, CAP]


CAPP 50-1, "C,

It amuses me to think that your organization spends so much time looking for new
members.., when I was there all the time. Do you remember me?
['m the fellow you asked to loin. 1 paid my dues and then was asked to be a loyal and
faithful member. I'm the fellow who came to every meeting, but nobody paid any
attention, to me. I tried several times to be friendly, but everyone seemed to have his or
her own friends to talk to and sit with. I sat down among some unfamiliar faces several
times, but they didn't pay much attention to me.
I hoped somebody would ask me to do something or to somehow participate or contribute, but no one did. Finally, for some reason or another, I missed a meeting. The next
meeting no one asked where I had been. I guess it didn't matter very much whether I was
there or not. On the next meeting date I decided to Stay home and watch a good TV
show. Again, it seemed that I was not missed.
You might say that I'm a good guy, love my community, and wouM like to help make it
a better place. You know who else I am? I'm the member who didn't come back or
4. FEATURE FILM. The Air Force film, TF 6869 CAP, "First Aid for Aircrews," previously restricted, currently
used as part of the Air Force physiological training for aircrews, has been approved for use in CAP emergency services training. This is an excellent trim for members of Civil Air Patrol to view as part of their overall training in
emergency services. Send your film loan requests to Central Audiovisual Library, Aerospace Audiovisual Service,
Norton AFB CA 92409. Requests must reach the AF Film Library at least three weeks before showing dates. Inelude film number and title in your request. Identify yourself as a CAP member and your CAP unit name. Also
list a primary and alternate showing date. Loan period to civilian organizations is limited to two weeks.
5. PUBLIC SERVICE CERTIFICATES. Public Service Certificates are now available through O1P. It is suggested
that Certificates of Appreciation be awarded personnel, and Public Service Citation Certificates be awarded to firms,
clubs, and other groups who have performed a service for Civil Air Patrol.
aircraft or melnber-owned aircraft at any Air Force installation, the following actions are required: (a) For a CAP
corporate aircraft, the pilot must have in his or her possession an approved copy of AF Form 181 (Civil Aircraft
Landing Permit). This form is obtained from the USAF-CAP liaison office. (b) For member-owned aircraft, pilot
must have in his or her possession an approved AF Form 181 for the specific aircraft and the specific Air Force
installations. The procedures lbr obtaining the Air Force Form 181 are outlined in AFR 55-20, "Use of USAF
Installations by Non-DOD Aircraft." A simple letter request or telephone call to ltQ CAP-USAF will not suffice.
(c) The pilot operating CAP corporate aircraft or nlember-owned aircraft into an Air Force installation must comply with the requiren!ents of paragraph 5, AF Form 181, prior to each flight. The approved/completed AF Form
181 permits CAp-owned and operated aircraft or a CAP melnber-owned aircraft to use designated USAF installations
only for official CAP activities. The permit does not authorize the use of USAF installations in lieu of civil airports
to ease ground transportation requirements, for die convenience of passengers or aircraft operator, for transient
aircraft services, for commercial enterprises; for procuring government business or contracts, or for customs handling
purposes. Air Force regulations require HQ CAP-USAF to verily and indorse all CAP or CAP members' civil aircraft
landing pemlit requests prior to their submission to HQ USAF for final approval/disapproval. From the tilne of reT H E C I V I L A i R P A T R O L B U L L E T I N I S P U B L I S H E D M O N T H L Y. I T C O N T A I N S O F F I C I A L A N N O U N C E M E N T S ,
I N T E R I M C H A N G E S T O C A P P U B L I C AT I O N S , A N D O T H E R I T E M S O F I N T E R E S T F O R A L L C A P M E M B E R S .


e. capP 52-2-3,'
!:;:~ supersedes CAPP 218, A
f. CAPP 5~-°-4 '

ii!ii CApP _O ,A.g
g. CAPFs 19 and
:':': thereto, November 1977



h. CAPF 50, "Cad




:::::: ,"?Z


!:!:!: I ~ " ~ " ~ - ~ - ~ / " :'::1:
:':':' Director of Administrati











Cadet Wins Spaatz A ward
CHARLOTTE, N.C.---Cadet William C. Scheppegrell of the 111th Air
Rescue and Recovery Cadet Sq. has successfully completed the
examination for the Gen. Carl A. Spaatz Award.
Scheppegrell, who became a CAP member in October 1975,
completed the cadet training program in two years. He is a recent
graduate of Carlotte Catholic High School and presently attends the
University of North Carolina at Charlotte.
He is still active in the cadet program and is vice-chairman of the
National Cadet Advisory Council, as well as being cadet deputy
commander of his unit.

FLIGHT SERVICE STATION--Capt. Jon Ellsworth, who is also chief of the Billings, Mont.,
Flight Service Station, explains the mechanics of a piece of direction finding equipment to
Cadets Evelyn Bean and Karen Patterson (right) of the Billings Comp. Sq. (Montana Wing)
during a recent squadron tour of Logan International Airport. (Photo by 2nd Lt. Jim Anderson)

w Bookstore.Prices

Manager Uses CAP Offices
ROGERS, Ark. -- Benjamin Ashmore, manager of Rogers Airport,
has set up temporary offices with the Rogers Comp. Sq. (Arkansas
Wing) in their building near the airport entrance.
The city of Rogers has accepted an FAA grant which will enable
it to remove existing airport buildings and construct new administrative offices, a fixed base operations, as well as corporate and
private hangars.
Ashmore is a member of the Rogers Comp. Sq. and a retired Air
Force lieutenant colonel.

Navy ROTC Supports Squadron
For the 748 Line Items in the Bookstore Inventory, the following price chances are required for 1978. In
summary the following changes are made:
REDUCTIONS: 5 Items $ .25 or less
INCREASES: 40 Items $ .25 or less
13 Items $ .75 or less
I 0 Items $1.00 or less
1 2 Items $2.00 or less

MIDVALE, Utah--The Mt. Olympus Cadet Sq. and the Naval
ROTC unit at the University of Utah have signed an agreement of
mutual support and cooperation.
New facilities, offering an indoor drill area, four classrooms, a conference room and office space were offered to the squadron by the
ROTC. The squadron membership voted to accept the offer and made
arrangements to move to the new location.
A naval officer gave a briefing on the ROTC program and told of its
belief in supporting youth-oriented organizations.

I 0 Items Over $2.00
Cat. No.

Curry Packet
Calif Wg Patcl~
Colo Wg Patch
Kansas Wg Patch
N.H. Wg Patch
S.C. Wg Patch
Va Wg Patch
Wisc Wg Patch
Cdt MSgt Chev
Cdt TSgt Chev
Cdt SSgt Chev
C, dt Sgt Chev
Cdt A/1C Chev
Cdt Shoulderboards
Acd Sgt LSI
Adm Asst LSI
Color Guard LSI
1st Sgt LSI
Fit Sgt LSI
Guidon Bearer LSI
Sqd Ldr LSI
Insignia, Col Reg
Insignia, Col Mln
Insig, Lt Col Reg
Inslg, Lt Col Min
Insig, MaJ Reg
lnslg, Maj Mln
Insig, Capt Peg
Insig, Capt Min
Insig, 1 Lt Reg
Insig, 1 Lt Mln
Insig, 2 Lt Reg
Insig, 2 Lt Mln
Insig, CWO Reg
Inslg, CWO Min
Insig, WO Reg
Inslg, WO Min
Insig, Col Plastic
Insig, L/C Plastic
Insig, Ma| Plastic
Insig, Capt Plastic
Insig, 1 Lt Plastic
Insig, 2 Lt Plastic
Insig, WO Plastic
Insig, CWO Plastic

New Cost

Cat. No.

New Cost
Hat Dev Sr Male Off
$ 2.25
Hat Dev Sr Male Enl
Hat Dev Fern Cdt Enl
Insig Christ Chap
Insig Med Off
Insig nurse
Insig Jewish Chap
Meta/Ltrs CAP
Bullion Ltrs CAP
Emerg Svs Decal
Cloth CAP Seal
CAP Seal Enamel
14K Pen & Pencil
14K Pen
12K Pen & Pencil
12K Pen
Chrome Pen & Pencil
Chrome Pen
Charm Bracelet
Bowknot Pin
Letter Opener
8" Decal
10½" Decal
Flight Cap
Uniform Kit Sr
Uniform Kit Cdt
Uniform Kit Cdt
Utility Unif Cdt
Flight Jacket
Flight Computer
Shbds Col
Shbds Lt Col
Shbds Maj
Shbds Capt
Shbds 1st Lt.
Shbds 2nd Lt
Shbds CWO/WO
Cummerbund Set
Short Sleeve Shirt

PLEASE NOTE: Change is effective Jan. 1, 1978. ALL ORDERS received after Dec. 31, 1977 must be
at the new prices.

Pennsylvania Rangers Compete
HAZELTON, Pa. -- Twelve ranger teams from all parts of Pennsylvania participated in a recent Civil Air Patrol Competition here.
Rangers were scored on communications, field equipment checks,
navigation, first aid, physical fitness, and all phases of search and
Monroe Cadet Sq. 604 took first place. Second place went to
Philadelphia Cadet Sq. 103. Both cadets and senior members took part
in the competition.
The Monroeville team will host the other rangers at an awards banquet in March.

Exercise Held In Spite Of Rain
KNOXVILLE. Tenn.--The Tennessee Wing held its annual
SARTEST during a day-long rain recently.
Col. William C. Tallent, wing commander, said 84 persons participated in the simulated search for a missing aircraft, enroute from
Memphis to Bristol. Headquarters for the exercise was the
Morristown Airport.
An orange parachute, simulating a downed pilot was placed about
three miles north of Newport on Highway 25E. It was found at 2 p.m.
that afternoon.
Not as many flights as anticipated were able to take off due to the
weather conditions during the exercise. Parts of the exercise were,
therefore, postponed until later.
Tallent said that the people taking part in the exercise "got some
valuable training out of the mission, especially the ground crew which
gained experience using directional finding equipment."

Cadet Guides Rescue Squad
CLEVELAND, Ohio -- Cadet David DiNicola of the Dover Bay
Cadet Sq. 1107 (Ohio Wing) recently led a rescue squad to the scene of
an accident in Cleveland's Metropark Rocky River.
DiNicola saw a young man fall off a cliff at Little Cedar Point and
ran to the Trailside Interpretive Center to inform park officials. He
guided the night watchman to the victim. When the park rangers and
emergency squad arrived, he guided them to the location also.
Park Naturalist Karl D. Smith sent a letter to DiNicola's squadron
commander that said, "Dave clearly showed his real concern for the
injured person, his ability to stay calm in an emergency, and dedication to being of service to others. Dave should be congratulated for his
mature judgement. He is a credit to his unit."

G r o u n d Te a m
Before I get into this month's
topic, I would like to make an
observation based on the
response I received to the
November column, requesting
your ideas on how to improve the
paper work flow on a mission.
The response was un-




Guidance Sought

derwhelming! Paper work flow
was reduced to zero. I received
no comments and no ideas!

locating. The ground team must
be an equal partner with the aircrew and the communicator on
the emergency services team.

Am I mistaken about the need
to reduce the paper work on a
SAR mission? Should I make the
assumption that your lack of
response indicated complete
satisfaction with the current

When a CAP unit develops
ground teams to aid the survivor, it is essential that the
team be adequately prepared
and supported by the unit.

Or, should I continue to listen
to the counsel of a few active and
dedicated CAP members and to
my instinct, which tells me there
must be a better way?
I need to hear from you to keep
me on the right track. Maybe I
should be concentrating on other
areas, but, if so, what are the
areas? Tell me, please.
One area that I believe is cansing trouble, and I have a few
letters and comments to support
my observations, is the proper
use and support of ground teams.
CAP is definitely an air-oriented
organization, which is as it
should be. But, airpower alone
cannot assist the survivors;
other participants are required.
What good is it for an aircrew
to spot a survivor in need of immediate assistance if they are
unable to direct a well-placed
ground team to the site?
Much time could be wasted
while the aircrew returned to
base, debriefed, and a ground
team was dispatched.
In some areas CAP does not
have ground teams since other
agencies have that responsibility, but CAP must be able to
coordinate with them. CAP has
the aircrews, the communicators and either their own
ground teams or access to other
local ground teams.

FIREHOUSE VISIT--Navy firemen let Puerto Rican cadets
try on asbestos suits during a recent Puerto Rico Wing encampment at Roosevelt Roads Naval Station at Ceiba, P.R.
During the tour, the cadets also saw a demonstration on how
an aircraft fire is put out, and some of them got to operate a
fire hose. (Photo by Maj. Ernesto Cortes)

It is imperative that CAP be
able to coordinate these three
functions into a harmonious
t e a m t o a i d t h e s u r v i v o r.
Otherwise, the mission becomes
one solely oriented toward crash

When using ground teams to
assist in saving lives we cannot
send them into the field poorly
trained and poorly equipped.
And, we must not relegate the
ground team to solely a cadet
The information provided for
ground teams in CAPM 50-15 is
incomplete, and much better
guidance for the training and use
of ground teams must be
Some fine work on this subject
has been accomplished by a few
individuals and units throughout
the country. But, each is going
their own way and there is not
total agreement on what the role.
of the ground team should be.
I am asking all interested personnel to participate in developing a basic CAP ground team
training/participation program
which will place emphasis on
assisting the survivor.
I have asked Maj. Dave
Carter, CAP, to be the focal
point for collecting any information pertaining to ground teams.
We are askingfur any interested
persons to voice their views concerning ground teams.
He has developed a questionnaire that asks such questions

What is the minimum equipment for individuals? For the
Do you support the ideas of
levels of team/individual
skills/knowledge? If so how
would you define the levels?
Should teams and/or individuals be recertified? If so,
by whom and how often?
Is there a need to standardize
policies on the following? Why?
1. Air/ground coordination.
2. Incident scene control.
3. Deployment of ground
4. Training records.
What skills should ground
team members be trained in.
Are some skills only for
specialists? If so, which are required for all and which are for
those wishing to specialize?
If you wish to participate in
the development of guidance
that will be contained in the new
emergency services manual,
write to either Dave Carter at
1906 Beaver Road, Highland
Springs VA 23075, or to me at Hq.
AFB, AL 38112.
We want to include as wide a
cross section of the country as
possible. Please drop us a line so
that we can have the benefit of
your experience.
Thank you for your time and



* What do you see as the purpose of a CAP ground team?
Outline the basic organization of a ground team, including
specific duties of members.


Citizen Help Needed To Curb Smuggling
Director, Emergency Services

covered by curtains or taped up.

July 1976 the Civil Air Patrol
News printed a list of practices
which have been identified as indicators of possible drug
smuggling activity. Each of us
has a responsibility as a private
citizen to assist in preventing the
entry of illegal drugs into our
country. A phone call by an
alert, responsible individual can
be very effective in halting the
illegal drug flow.

and making cash payments for
fuel or services.

The following list identifies
what to look for, not only at airports, but wherever you are:

7. FAA registration numbers
which appear to be false, altered
or changed.

1. Passenger seats removed
from the aircraft.

8. Pilots or passengers reluctant to leave the immediate area
of the aircraft during refueling
or during the time on the ground.

2. Numerous cardboard boxes,
duffle bags, plastic bags, or
other unusual containers inside'
the aircraft.
3. Windows of the aircraft

4. Pilots or passengers displaying large amounts of cash

5. Pilots requesting maps or
information pertaining to areas
in Mexico.
6. Unusual odors or other
strong odors about the aircraft.
(Perfumes and deodorizers are
often used to disguise the smell
of marijuana.)

9. Parking of aircraft long distances from the line shack or at
far ends of the ramp.

10. Bulk purchases of aviation
fuel in cans or drums.

18. Encounters of fuel stashes
in remote areas.

11. Aircraft flying or landing
without lights after dark.

If you observe any of the
above, call any U.S. Customs office and let them know about it.

12. Suspicious vehicles (trucks
with campers or vans) waiting
at or near airports, little used
roads, or other suitable landing
13. Suspicious landings where
aircraft meet vehicles, remain
on the ground for a brief period
and depart.
14. Low flying aircraft near
the international boundary.
15. Aircraft avoiding any populated areas.
16. Aircraft utilizing valleys,
canyons, etc., in order to avoid
radar detection.
17. Aircraft utilizing uncontrolled airports, abandoned
airfields, remote roads, etc., for

Phone numbers and addresses
for the U.S. Customs Air Support
Branches are listed below. They
would like to hear from you.
NAS North Island
P.O. Box 13
San Diego, CA 92135
FTS: 895-5652
COMM: (714) 293-5652
Davis Monthan AFB
P.O. Box 15001
Tucson, AZ 35707
FTS: 762-6546
COMM: (602) 792-6546
Homestead AFB
Homestead, FL 33030
FTS: 350-46(O-4610
COMM: (305) 257-8543

NAS New Orleans
P.O. Box 478
Belle Chasse. LA 70037
FTS: 682-2251
COMM: (504) 589-2251
P.O. Box 8073
El Paso, 'IX 79918
FTS: 572-7448
COMM: (915) 543-7448
P.O. Box 6041
McDill AFB
Tampa, FL 33608
FTS: 822-3688
COMM: (813) 830-3688
Sheraton Airport Inn
Sky Harbor Airport
3000 E. Sky Harbor Blvd.
Phoenix, AZ 85034
FTS: 261-6801
COMM: (602) 792-6546
P.O. Box 37
Room N128
Love Field Terminal
Dallas, TX 75235
FTS: 729-4103
COMM: (214) 655-4103




Paper Drives Can
Raise Cadet Funds
Larry Rider, chief of the Cadet
Special Activities Division, said
that his seminar on cadet activities at the recent National
Board Meeting discussed the
subject of raising funds for cadet
"It occurred to me," Rider
said, "that the answer might be
as near as yesterday's newspaper. With the increasing cost
of newsprint for recycled paper
now is a good time for your
group to cash in by conducting a
paper drive.

MILITARY SPONSOR--Lt. Col. Robert Shellenberger, commander of the 17th Tactical Airlift
Sq. at Elmendorf AFB, Alaska, reviews a CAP manual as CAP members 1st Lt. Paul J.
Ballmer, commander of the Eimendorf Cadet Sq. (left), and Cadets Paul E. Knutson and
Naven J. Knutson look on. The Air Force squadron recently became the sponsor of the CAP
cadet squadron. (USAF Photo)

Wing Forms Press Association
GROSSE ILE, Mich.--The
role of the information officer in
the Michigan Wing has taken on
a new dimention with the formation of the Civil Air Patrol Press
Association of Michigan (CAP-

PAM), according to 1st Lt.
Deborah A. Stevens, Michigan
Wing press officer.
Lt. Col. William E. Day, director of information, conceived
this "organization within an

Earhart Awards-November 1977
Terry Scott ...................03839
Kathleen M. Kleewein .....05070
Glen B. Freeman ............ 0a133
Karl W. Kuschner ........... ~133
Madonna M. Finney ........ ~ 1 9
Mike F. Niles ................. 1.1074
Mark J. Semeneck .......... t I l ~
Frank T. Domina ............ 11226
Salvatore J. Suno ............ 11254
George F. Williams ......... 12049
Chris J. Rare ................. 12In
Brian E. Reynolds ..........14066
Don M. Leech ................ 1 ~
Margaret Stock .............. 19066
Gregorey P. Williams ......

Timothy D. Roberts ........ 20145 Richard" J. Nadoiny ......... MlI4
Camille B. Nelson ........... 210,10 " Connie S. Robertson ........ 5837
Fernand M. Esplau ......... 2105)
Curt R. Brendt ............... 37830
Victor H. Stephenson ....... 22051
Cynthia D. Meyer ...........37265
Michael J. Patrick ..........24012
Mark W. McMahon ......... 38013
Richard D. AnsUne ......... 33~o3
JamesD. Beail ...............
John D. Kenney .............. 28037. Eleanor V. Caldwell ........ 42154
Charles S. Downing ......... 28837
Ellen M, Caldwell ...........42154
Karl T. Thiebelt ............. 30016
Mike A. Trnltt ................ 42295
Michael Nelson ..............3111'I
Keith T. Shostsk .............
Matthew Lewis .............. 311~
Dennis R. Brooke ........... 4~083
David C. Ham ................ 31320
Richard A. Mahuney ....... 51009
Stuven P. Bo ..................51830
Michael E. Mccune .........
Berry S. Wladstone .........32048
Vilma T, Vazquez ........... 52027
Blake D. Dovolld ............ 34015
Cherena L. A. Nazario ..... 52~7

Mitchell Awards--November 1977
Wilfred E, Odom Jr ......... 01016
Mark J. Osborne .............01041
Brian E. Yates ............... 0/064
Jimmy D. Myers ............
Colin D. Burgess ............ 04015
Robert P. Sundstrom ....... 04091
Michael W. Barnes .......... 04193
Norman H. Foiler .......... 04220
David R. Price ...............04334
Ken J. Drucker ..............04M9
Monique A. Allard ..........
Steve D. Lawrence ..........04371
Janis L. Conrlght ............ 04404
Edward D. Warner .......... 04406
Run W. Jackson .............. 83030
Robert M. Joy ................
Sayeed Khan .................. 07008
Andrew W. Weiss Jr ........ 07006
Darrell J. Joy ................ 08836
Mark A. Poske ...............
Alessandro Cuevas .......... 06103
John T. Benjamin ........... 08159
Rodney J. Ryals .............
Robert L. Hunter ............ 09002
Tracie A. Griffis ............. 09002
Ariin C. Griffis Jr ...........
James P. McCleskey ....... 09090
Steven E. Williamson ...... 10049
Kenneth R. Curtln ...........111S4
Matthew R Gibbons ........ 112a2
C A Cokinos .................13133
Tom J. Ackerman ........... 15075
Donald G. Farris ............ 160~
Bernard B. Brown .......... 17036
Joseph E. Wierzbleki .......IS004
Matthew R. Flsk ............ 18039
Stephen J. Frnnkewicz ..... 18079
John J, Green ................ 190~2
Robert R. Poirier ........... 19067
Frank L. Fazzalari ..........
Daniel H. Bliss ............... 200a6
Timothy A. Kedla ........... 20107
Beth A. Farrell .............. 2010'/
I- t.i,i.~th W. Pierce ..........20038
Vincent Dandrea ............ 20117
Allan J. Cook ................. 20145
Elizabeth Romanik ......... 20145
Cris A. Wolons ............... 90183
Jeffrey C. Schroeder .......20133
(.'has D. Carnn ................

Richard A. Angelo ..........
Scott C. Halseth .............20937
Marybeth E. Hailer .........
John A. Andersen ........... Z8340
Thomas J. Sugrue ........... 20240
Richard A. Baize ............
Daniel A. Lilly ............... 20252
Wayne D. Whitlark .........20260
Bob J. ttyser .................. 2101'1
Barbara E Rarasyn ........ 21830
Keith W. Belt ................. 23098
Michael D. Schorr ........... 25018
Paul A. Wilson ............... 25833
Johnnie L. Nichols .......... g,~53
Brett W, Johnson ............ ~053
Gregory J. Rands ...........Z5063
Terrnnee L. Long ............ 33834
Cindy M. Seharf ............. 25055
Brian K. Bowee .............. 83837
Richard K. Jessop ..........28037
Kathy A. Bennett ............ 2g083
(!olin B. Snyder ..............2g087
Eric R. Schmidt ............. 30033
Jose D. Redriguez ...........31141
Joseph M. Stankus .......... 31159
Jeffrey A. Jones .............31173
Angel L. Morales Jr ........ 31224
Kevin F. Prettner ........... 31247
Kevin A. Lashley ............ 31370
Lloyd W. Eastland .......... 32019
Michael L. Riddle ........... 32048
Albert R. Edwards ..........32048
Greg S. Barlow ............,..
Andrew N. Kaatauns ....... 32111
Jack F. Macmillan Jr ...... 32124
Christinia L. Averill ........35126
James F. Gbents ............ 33043
Stephan A. Lubbers ......... 34070
I 'rIL,"S D. Neer ............. 37070
Matthew S. Connelly ....... 34070
Francis J. Kayden .......... 34078
Redney J. Williams ......... 34183
Steven S. Mate ............... 34153
Scott C. McCleskey ......... 34213
Edward R. McCleskey ..... 3421,3
Thomas A. McMullee ......Yo071
Mitch K. Parnell ............ 3509~
Mark W. Wilson .............. 36034
Kirk E. Twardowski ........ 37018
Karele M Cellueci .......... 37018

Daniel W. Slues ..............37831
Gary V. Cacciani ............ 37835
Joseph G. Clemente ........ 37048
Robert M. Seasock .......... 370Q9
Joseph L. Falcon ............ 3'1089
Daniel J. Dunkle ............. 3'1183
John C. Lappe ................ 37183
Ricky A. Gavunt ............. 37197
Christopher M Garcia ..... 37269
John J. Wlassich ............. 38010
Paul R. Viens ................ 35)12
John J. Broadmeadow .....U012
James E. Greene Jr ........ 3 ~
Eric R. McGlyun ............ 38035
Kim L Whltted .............. 39014
Richard W. Kadur ........... MI075
Debra S. Ambrose .......... 4183~
Terry L. Smith ............... 42076
Robert Perez ................. 42079
Bruce D. Bray ............... 42279
Donald L. Wisener .......... 42334
Stephen R. Young ........... 42350
Caroline M Blessing ....... 43831
Paul J. King ..................
Laurence W. Hobbs ......... 44009
Lee M Byltun ................ 45014
Alvin G. Bowyer Jr ......... 45017
Michael Gignac ..............
Peter C. Ruddy .............. 45035
Anthony J. Maderspach ... 45056
Peter M. P. Casola .......... 45060
Donald J. Kniesche ......... 45094
Dongins C. Keen .............45122
Thomas Adams .............. 45122
Charles A. Rummill ........ 45122
Jeffrey K. Brooke ...........45122
Lizheth E. Sameels ......... 47040
Joseph M trek ............... 48002
Robert D. Lindholm ........ 48053
Michael F. Doehr ........... 480f~
James R. Young ............. 48126
Donald G. Wilson ............ 51014
Donald K. Betino ............ 51014
Naomi M Muruoka ......... M830
Joan V, Nacino ...............51020
Erwin T. lion ................. 51030
Wanda Ca~mona ............. 52059
Margaret A. (;untharpe.... 52900

organization" to impress upon
the individual unit information
officers that they are members
of a team.
"The information officer must
realize his importance in three
areas," Day explained. "First,
the internal information
program through tools like unit
publications, the external
program through press releases
and announcements, and community relations through contacts and visibility at the community leveL"
Believed to be the only
organization of its type within
CAP, CAP-PAM will provide a
forum where information officers can exchange ideas and
solve problems. "Ideally, this
will lead to a better promotion of
Civil Air Patrol," Stevens
All information officers and
newsletter editors were recently
presented with a CAP-PAM
membership certificate. Ofricers will be elected at a
membership meeting later this

Leaflet To Be
Substitute For
"Bird" Pamphlet
MAXWELL AFB, Ala. -The pamphlet "From Chicks
to Falcons," (CAPP I0) has
been deleted from the index
of publications (CAPR 0-2)
and will no longer be published.
The pamphlet had been a
recruitment device and included
in the information officer's
packet in the staff duty analysis
portion of the cadet program,
said Col. Matthew H. Peach,
deputy chief of staff for training
at Hq. CAP-USAF.
OI Leaflet No. 4 on the cadet
program was approved recently
as a substitute for CAPP 10. The
leaflet can be produced at a fraction of the manhours and cost of
the pamphlet and uses 80 per
cent less paper.

decide on a pickup method and
publicize it well in advance.
"If you plan to make your
paper drive on a regular basis,
send out reminders two weeks
before the collection for three or
four months until people get into
the recycling habit."
For more information on
organizing a recycling drive,
w r i t e M a n a g e r, P S C C ;
American Paper Institute; 260
Madison Avenue; New York,
N.Y. 10016.

"If you are thinking of organizing a recycling drive, the first
thing to do, according to the
Paper Stock Conservation Committee (PSCC) of the American
Paper Institute. is to contact a
local wastePet~ dealer to find
out what the market is for paper
in your area and how much he
will pay. He can also help you
organize your drive.
"Once you have made sure
there is enough support in your
group for the project, you should
define your collection area,

CADET COMPETITION--Cadets from the Middle East
lteglon recently gathered in Charlotte, N.C., for the regional
competition. Competition was based on written examinations, group drill and a cadet bowl.

Civil Air Patrols News publishes each month a list of Civil Air
Patrol members who have died recently. Notlces of deaths should be
sent to the Personnel Section of National Headquarters in accordance
with Regulation 35-2, or to the National Chaplaln's office -- not to Civil
Air Patrol News. Listed are names, ranks, dates of death and CAP unit.
BAKER, David, Captain, Nov. 20, 1377, Vldor
Comp. Sq., Texas Wing.
C,~MBI,IN, Irl S., Lieutenant Colonel, Sept. 26,
1977. Group 18, Illinois Wing.
CANTER, Doris M., Second Lieutemnt, Aug. ~,
1977. Herndon Comp. Sq., Virginia Wing.
CARLISLE, Robert W., Major, Nov. 4, 1977,
Colorado Win~.
COLBY, Carroll B., Lieutenant Colonel, Oct. 31,
1977. New York Wing.
COREY, Delmas t!., Colonel, Sept, 15, 1977,
Colorado Wing.

FRITZ, Edward J., Jr., Lieutenant Colunel,
Nov. 12,1977, Seacoast Comp. Sq., New Hampshire
HASTY, James, Jr., Captain, Nov. M. Ig'17,
~,nth Long Bnach Sr. 8q. I{I0, Odlfornla Wing.
IRONS, Charles W., First Lieutenant, Sept. I0,
1977, Group 4, Tennessee Wing.
KAISER, Donald L., Captain, Sept. I0, 1977,
Pineland Como, SO,. New Jereev Wing.
TURNER, Paul W., Brigadier General, Dec. $,
1977. National Staff.




..CAP News


HONORARY MEMBER--Ed McMahon of The Tonight Show on NBC is presented
membership certificate by Lt. Col. Stuart P. Hail, California Wing director of community
relations (left), and Capt. Gerry Sherman, Pacific Region director of information. McMahon
is a colonel in the Marine Corps Reserve. He was a fighter pilot in World War II and during the
Korean conflict. He devotes much of his time to youth endeavors and fund raising for
children's causes.
GLIDER--Members of Caesars Creek Soaring Society,
Waynesville, Ohio, explained basic flight operations of
gliders to visitors from the Mark N. Shirk Comp. Sq. 704 of
Dayton, Ohio.
NEWCOMER--Cadets of
the Martinsbnrg Comp. Sq.
(West Virginia Wing)
g r e e t a n e w m e m b e r,
Cadet Barry Heavner (second from right), who
recently transfered from
the McClellan AFB Cadet
Sq. in California, where his
father was stationed until
his retirement from the
Air Force. (Photo by Lt.
Col. Mel HolIar).

Stephen G. Atkins of the
Great Lakes Region Headquarters received the
Frank Borman Falcon
Award from Brig. Gen.
Willard Hansbew of Indianapolis in ceremonies
held at Ft. Benjamin
Harrison recently. Atkins
attends Indiana University
and is majoring in

" FLIGHT REPORT--Cadets Jeffrey Demchak (left) and
Cadet Megan L. Lupber receive information on the progress
of an airlift flight taking them from the Greater Pittsburgh
International Airport to Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio.
Cadets and senior members of squadrons belonging to Pennsylvania Wing's Group 1400 were recently airlifted by tbe~
911th Tactical Airlift Group for a weekend of activities.
(Photo by 1st Lt. Frank E. Wesco).


Members of the Robert Ramsey Sq..
(Rhode Island Wing) took part in a walka-thon to benefit victims of cerebral palsy
recently. Members marched a distance of
ten miles and agreed to donate a week's
dues in addition to any amount that might
be given by sponsors... During the past
several months, members of the newly
formed Freehold Comp. Sq. (New Jersey
Wing) have been extremely busy. They
have participated in several bivouacs,
made a profit with their first car wash,
participated in their first parade,
volunteered for the New Jersey Wing drill
team and taken part in a fund raising effort at the local fair.
Members of the Shrewsbury Comp. Sq.
(Massachusetts Wing) assisted their local
March of Dimes chapter by offering first
aid and patrolling the parade route during
a recent waik-a-thon... Reading Comp.
Sq. 803 (Pennsylvania Wing) sent six
cadets and two senior members to a
radiological monitoring school recently.
Those cadets attending were: George
Pelter, Eric Kase, Neal Miller, Walter
Chase, Jay Berringer, and William
Pelter. The senior members accompanying them were Lt. Col. Charles Obeld and
Maj. John Aungst.
Orientation flights were given to
qualified cadets of the Gen. Carl A.
Spaats Sq. (Pennsylvania Wing) recently.
Those receiving flights were: Cadets
Donald Grill, David Jafolla, David
Krauss, Charles Staso, Karole Cellucci,
Patricia Mort and William Grill ... A
testimonial dinner was given in honor of
Maj. George McGinnis of the Orange
County Group (New York Wing) recently.
The award presentation was made by Col.
Richard Luria, sector commander. Maj.
McGlnnts has been a member of CAP for
35 years.


Col. Charles Suraci, of the Middle East
Region staff has dedicated two plaques to
two colleges in the United States. One
was dedicated to Columbia Union College
in Maryland and the other was dedicated
to Pennsylvania Military College... First
Class Petty Officer James Stratton from
the Coast Guard recruiting station was
the guest speaker at a meeting of the
Easton Comp. Sq. (Maryland Wing).
Cadets and seniors learned about life in
the Coast Guard and viewed several
The lllth ARRS Sq. (North Carolina
Wing) was again asked this year to present the color guard at the World 600 auto
race in Charlotte. However, they were
also requested to participate in the flag
raising ceremony. This is a. first for
The Maryland Wing headquarters was
visited recently by Brig. Gen. Paul E.
Gardner, executive director of Civil Air
Patrol. Outstanding cadet of the quarter
for the Martlusburg Sq. (West Virginia
Wing) is Todd Schyler.

Hillsborough Senior Sq. (Florida Wing)
participated in the Open House program
at MacDill AFB in Tampa recently. Not
only did members man a concession booth

Cadet David Winlder, Martinsburg
Comp. Sq. (West Virginia Wing)
receives his flight scholarship from 1st
Lt. Ralph S. Davis, squadron
operations officer.

Region Cadet Competition recently. This
entitles them to represent the North


Nebraska Wing cadets pose with the
trophies they took home from the tom.
Central Region at the National Cadet
Competition at Maxwell AFB, Ala...
Cadets from the Saiina Comp. Sq. (Kansas Wing) recently viewed the M-60 tank.
First Sgt. Larry Heim gave a tour and
answered questions concerning the tank.
Cadets were also able to view a simulator
that is used to train tank drivers...
During a recent visit to the mayor's offlee in St. Louis, members of the St. Louis
Group (Missouri Wing) presented a check
to their local United Way... Lt. Col.
Harold Lindseth, commander of the South
Dakota Wing, recently presided over a
two-day commander's call featuring the
Level I training course and an awards

Great Lakes

Middle East
Members of the Monticello Comp. Sq.
(Virginia Wing) recently received the
American Red Cross Standard First Aid
Card. Those passing the course included:
Capt. William Franks, 1st Lt. Paula
Franks, and Cadets Phillip Hoeffer IH,
Robert McKeun, Mark Gammon, Scott
Parker, Kaye Smith and Steve Smith. The
course was taught by 1st Lt. Kelth
Conover... Cadet David Winkler, a
member of the Martinsharg Sq. (West
Virginia Wing) has been awarded a flight
scholarship which will enable him to solo.
He will receive flight instruction from an
instructor at the Martiusburg Municipal


Florida Wing Group 3 information offleer 2nd Lt. Lois M. Bailey looks at
the CAP display at the Mac Dill AFB
open house.
but answered questions at a recruiting
b o o t h a n d s t a t i c d i s p l a y. . . T h e
Tallahassee Comp. Sq. (Florida Wing)
participated in the North Florida Fair
and won third place for their recruiting
booth... Members of the Oldsmar Cadet
Sq. (Florida Wing) participated in a softball game with a local hay area radio station recently. The game was designed to
acquaint residents with the unit as well as
promote the radio station. Final score:
FMY 95--13, Oldsmar 12.
At a special program held recently, the
Sarasota Comp. Sq. (Florida Wing) installed a new commander. 1st Lt. Dennis
McCoy was named the new commander.
Hillsborough Senior Sq. (Florida Wing)
flew cadets from local squadrons on a
training mission recently. The cadets are
in training as scanners and observers to
increase their skills.

North Central
Nebraska Wing took home all the
trophies from the 1977 North Central

Second Lt. Mark Demmin, deputy commander of cadets for two squadrons in
Illinois has been named president of the
newest Air Force Association chapter in
the nation. Lieutenant Demmin is the
youngest president in the nation... The annual SARTEST highlighted events of
Shattuck Comp. Sq. (Michigan Wing)
recently. During the test, squadron commander Jerry Gilbert was cited by the
Air Force evaluntors as having the best
ground team region wide...
Chaplain, Capt. Dwight Bradford receiv.
ed the Meritorious Service Award in
ceremonies held at Group 3 Headquarters, Indiana Wing. The award was
presented for outstanding service within
Civil. Air Patrol... Capt. Gary Buckley, a
member of the Lockbonrne Comp. Sq.
(Ohio Wing) was presented the Air Force
C0rnmeiidaQon Medal during a recent
commander's call... Twenty two cadets
and three senior members of Cincinnati
Comp. Sq. (Ohio Wing) recently took part
in an orientation flight conducted by the
302nd TAW (AFRES) stationed at Rickeahacker AFB, Ohio.

Lt. Col. Robert C. Atwood, of the Texas
Wing, wears three uniforms and three
ranks. Two uniforms are Air Force blue;
one is that of the Civil Air Patrol and the
other Air Force Reserve. The third is also

blue and is that of the U.S. Coast Guard
Auxiliary... Arizona Wing Liaison NCO
MSgt. Bobby Scroggs recently received
his Community College of the Air Force
degree... Cadets of the E1 Paso Comp. Sq.
(Texas Wing) were guests of the local
chapter of the Exl)erimeatal Aircraft
Association at a harbeque and fly in. The
barbeque was the association's way of
saying thanks for the recent assistance of
the squadron during the Lindbergh replica
The cadets and senior members of the
Thunderbird Comp. Sq. (New Mexico
Wing) recently received multi-media standard first aid from instructor Ist Lt.
Frank Zentner... Capt. Bertha Hanhart,
commander of the Calvert High School
Comp. Sq. (Texas Wing) has been named
Outstanding Female Member of the Texas Wing for 1977 ... The recipient of the
Luther C. Bogard Award for Senior
Member of the Year in the Texas Wing is
Capt. George L. Smith, commander of the
Delta Comp. Sq.

Rocky Mountain
The Mile Hi Cadet Sq. (Colorado Wing)
members are doing their part in supporting the state's pro football team during the 1977 season. They are promoting

the game-and several item's during lind
after the games... Recently the Mt. Olympus Cadet Sq. (Utah Wing) won the third
a n n u a l U t a h W i n g D r i l l Te a m '
Competition... North Valley Comp. Sq.
(Colorado Wing) cadets recently assisted
at a Walk-a-Thon sponsored by the Easter
Cadets worked with the
officials at the start-finish lines and at the
various checkpoints along the route.
Those participating were: Cadets Gregg
Beary, Kathleen Beary, I)ebbie King,
Chris Hmmel, Anton Eret, Michael Pesall
and Brenda Leonhardt.
Cache Valley Comp. Sq. (Utah Wing)
now has a new commander. He is Capt.
Richard K. Hughes who has been in the
program for seven and a half years...
Eagle Rock Comp. Sq. (Idaho Wing) participated in a light bulb sale while at the
same time promoting Civil Air Patrol to
all the residents in their area... The Montann Wing held a Cadet Leadership School
at Ft. Harrison, Montana recently. While
there the cadets attended classes in basic
and advanced drill, survival training,
communications, staff duty analysis,
basic first aid and received helicopter
aviation flights from the Montana Air
National Guard.

Pacific Region
Cadet Tim Browning of the Renton
Comp. Sq. (Washington Wing) recently.
spent a weekend at Ft. Lawton, Wash., at
365th Civil Affairs. He spent his time as
though he were an active Army Reservist
with the unit... First Lt. Rod Scamahorn
and 2od Lt. John Neely of the ChehalisCentralia Senior Sq. (Washington Wing)
were recently promoted to captain ~nd
first lieutenant respectively at the
Washington Wing Fall Conference.
General Montgomery of the Air Force
Academy's Falcon Foundation recently
visited Millard School in Bandon, Oregon.
Cadets John Hvasta and Butch Howard
were members of the rifle drill team
which put on a display of innovative drill
for the general... Members of the Tukwlia
Comp. Sq. (Washington Wing) participated in the annual Veteran's Day
Parade in Auburn, Wash...




H y p o t h e r m i a M e a n s Yo u ' r e C o l d I n s i d e
USAF Regional Hospital
Maxwell AFB, Ala.
Hypothern~ is a condition in
which the body core
temperature falls below 95
degrees Fahrenheit because the
body cannot produce enough
heat to keep up with heat loss.
Under normal conditions the
body core temperature is kept at
an even temperature of about 99
degrees by a sensitive
temperature regulating system
which keeps us cool when the
weather is warm and warm
when the weather is cold.
This article will be confined to
situations in which the environment is colder than the body.
To begin, let us make a few
things clear; which, once understood, will make hypothermla
and temperature regulation
more comprehendible.
Heat and energy can be considered synonymous. Heat is one
form of energy: lose heat, your
body loses energy, and energy is
necessary for lif,~..~ries are
units M:measure for heat, or
energy, just as inches measure
At 99 degrees the body has a
certain amount of heat, dependent upon its size, and stored
energy, which can be measured
in calories--heat or energy units.
If you lose heat, your body
will lose energy---bent and energy
can be traded. Expend energy
(such as bY shivering) and you
produce heat, which will be ultimately lost to the colder environment, as we shall see.

required, and absorbed from the
4. Through conduction.
Remember how cold metal
feels outdoors in cold weather?
The doctor's stethescope? Water
at 70 degrees? Metals feel cold
because we lose heat very rapidly to metals since they are very
efficient conductors of
heat--away from the body in
tthese instances.
Did you know that the thermal
conductivity of water is 240 times
that of air? That means wet
clothing can extract or conduct
heat from the body 240 times as
rapidly as air!

What conditions lead
to hypothermia?
Remember one does not have
to be exposed to severe cold,
such as an Alaskan winter.
Hikers have succumbed to
hypothermta in summer months
with relatively mild
temperatures under conditions
of exhaustion, rain and inadequate clothing.
Hypothermia occurs ~when
loss of body heat is greater than
its production.
Factors involved are:
1. Cold--the greater the
difference between body and outside temperature the more rapid
the heat loss.
2. Wet--rain, snow, immersion, even perspiration.
3. Wind--which greatly increases heat loss by evaporation
and convection.

4. A likely victim--unprepared
or ex'hausted. Adequate
knowledge, clothing, emergency
shelter and rations would prevent most deaths from hypothermia.

to increase heat production for
survival; but, alas, it too requires much energy compounding heat loss. At this stage
one is usually irrational.

What are some of the
signs of impending hypothermia?

4. Later when the body
temperature is between 85 and
81 degrees, contact with the environment is lost, and one
becomes stuperons. Pulse and
respirations are slowed.

l . E a r l y, w h e n t h e c o r e
temperature is still 99 to 96
degrees, the body will shiver intensely. This is nature's way of
producing heat through muscle
It is intended as a temporary
measure only. It takes as much
energy to shiver as to saw
wood, and unless measures are
taken to cut down on heat loss,
that extra heat will Just be lost.
2. Later when core
temperature is between 95 and
91 degrees, shivering will
become violent. Coordination is
lost and speaking becomes difficult.
This is where danger is intensifled, thinking becomes
sluggish, judgement is impaired.
One may begin to stumble,
wander off the path and not know
enough to seek shelter, bivouac
or take other precuations to prevent heat loss.
3. Still later with core
temperature between 90 and 86
degrees, shivering ceaseS;
h o w e v e r, t h e r e m a y b e o c casional violent shaking or muscle contractions.
This is the~body's final effort

At this stage one cannot help
himself and can survive only
if rescuers are on hand to
administer immediate and drastic treatment. Indeed at this stage
the victim may die before the
rescuer even has time to build a
5. When body temperature
falls between 80 and 78 degrees,
one is unconscious.
6. Below 78 degrees there is
failure of the cardiac and
resporatory control center and
death insues.

What can you do to
prevent hypothermia?
Hypothermla is a killer of the
unprepared. Preparation is the
key to survival.
1. Be aware. Aware of the
weather, your limitations, your
general condition, the terrain,
your equipment. Plan, whether
it be an outing or a flight, be sure
your hike or flight is within yO~
personal limitations.
Carry adequate survival gear.
Do you preflight adequately
clothed? You won't rush your

Basically in four ways:
1. Through radiation.

Know where you are going;
panic leads to mistakes, accidents and death. Remember
cars, planes, even snowmobiles
can get you farther in minutes
than you can walk out alive!
2. Dress properly. Multiple
layers of thin/clothing protect
better. Wool does not "wick"
like cotton and dries from the inside keeping the body warm,
even when wet.
Blue jeans and cotton are not
cold weather gear. An inch of
exposed cotton in rain will
"wick" until most of the garment
is wet!
3. Prevent exhaustion. The
length of survival depends upon
the total amount of energy at the
beginning of the survival incident.
If one has exhausted all his
energy, as in hiking, he will not
have any left to produce heat,
and his survival time will be
4. Prepare by carrying
emergency bivouac gear (light
weight emergency camp
5. Eat-- keep nibbling-remember food contains
calories, it has energy and can
produce heat to warm your corer

That's a 3,500 calorie loss for
one ounce of water, a lot of food,
a lot of heat lost!

Radiation is the leading cause
of heat loss in most any
situation, and the head is the
most efficient radiator.

7. Keep active, but more mental than physical-- keep nibbling
food; food is energy that
produces heat. Calories do not
count! Heat liquids and take
them liberally. The trick is to
use your brain to conserve what
energy remains. Limit muscle
activity and reduce heat loss.

At 40 degres the unprotected
head can lose up to one half the
body's total heat production and
three-fourths at five degrees.
2. Through convection.
Moving air removes heat from
the body by moving warm air
next to the body. There is a
warm layer of air next to our
skin kept there by clothing.

What to do?
Even mild cases require quick
and drastic treatment. We will
not concern ourselves here with
definitive treatment of advanced
hypothermia. Suffice it to say
that for conscious people in impending hypotherrdia, one must
do two things.

This situation of moving air is
responsible for the "chill
factor," the more rapidly air
moves the more heat or energy
is lost through convection.
At 20 degrees and a 16 knot
wind the chill factor is equal
to minus 10 degrees with still air.
Through perspiration and
through respiration as we
breathe out warm air. When
water changes from a liquid to a
gas (as in evaporation) heat is

Stay in good physical condition, and you will be able to
think clearer for a longer time.

6. Bivouac early to conserve
heat, build a fire to heat water or
food. (Eating snow may keep up
your fluids but consider that it
takes 2,400 calories to change
one ounce of ice to water at 32
degrees and another 1,100
calories to raise it to body

How does the body lose
heat (or energy) ?

3. Through evaporation.

preflight if you are comfortable,
and if you find yourself down,
the glove liners and watch cap
will be invaluable!

WALK AROUND--Ist Lt. Leonard DeVail of Santa Susana Sr. Sq, 40 (California Wing) shows
Cadets Greg Phillips (left) and Mark Barros part of the pilot preflight equipment walk around
check before starting engines. Members of Squadron 40 work closely with the Simi Valley
Cadet Sq. 59 and the G.R. Wilson Cadet Sq. 130 in teaching them about air, ground and mission
base activities. (Photo by Gary R. Keenliside)

I. Prevent further heat loss by
insulation, get out of the wind
into shelter, remove wet and put
on dry clothing.
2. Add heat energy--warm liquids by mouth, high calorie
food and apply external heat.