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CIVIL AIR PATROL
HISTORICAL MONOGRAPH
EASTERN SEA FRONTIER AND GULF SEA FRONTIER WAR DIARIES

20t3

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NATIONAL HISTORY PROGRAM
HEADQUARTERS CAP

EASTERN SEA FRONTIER AND GULF SEA FRONTIER WAR DIARIES

A COMPLIATION OF CAP REPORTS

By

Dr. Frank A. Blazich, Jr., lst Lt, CAP

CAP NATIONAL HISTORY PROGRAM
2013

r--

PREFACE

For over 70 years of service, the Civil Air Patrol (CAP) has moved beyond its origins in

World War II to serve the citizens of the United States of America in the avenues of
emergency services, cadet programs, and aerospace education. The veterans of World

War II, however, forever etched their names and deeds into the annals of American
history with service along the East and Gulf Coasts patrolling for German U-boats and
deterring attacks against merchant traffic. In the course of 17 months of service, the men
and women on active coastal patrol duty distinguished themselves with their courage,

ingenuity, and patriotism. Together with the nation's armed forces, the CAP coastal
patrol helped staunch the losses of merchant vessels along the nation's coastline, forcing
the U-boats to retreat to the safety of the North Atlantic.

The following monograph lists the deeds of the CAP as recorded in the United States

Navy's Eastem Sea Frontier (ESF) and Gulf Sea Frontier (GSF) War Diaries. Not all
CAP actions or events are recorded in these diaries, but they provide a glimpse into the
operations and sacrifices made

at2l

coastal patrol bases stretching from Maine to the

Mexican border.

Dr. Frank A. Blazich, Jr.
lst Lt
CAP
Chief Historian (interim)
June 2013

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER

I

Introduction

The information listed in the following databases all originates from the Eastern
Sea

Frontier (ESF) and Gulf Sea Frontier (GSF) War Diaries from March 1942to August

1943. The data is not inclusive of every reported

Civil Air Patrol (CAP) U-boat sighting

or attack, air crash, or reports of unusual items. What the data does provide is greater

insight into where, when, and what CAP coastal patrol operations sighted and did during
their brief period of active duty service. Additional research is required in the war diaries
of those subunits assigned to the ESF and GSF during this period to approximate the data
figures listed in the August 1943 ESF War Diary attributed to all CAP coastal patrol

activity. A long-term objective is to compare all reported CAP U-boat sightings and
attacks with the German war records to attempt verification of the sightings and to

properly assign credit to each patrol base for their activities.
The records of the CAP from which its data is summarized below have not been
located, but the numbers are consistent to the war diaries. A search of the subordinate
naval district war diaries should provide the information to tabulate this information, but

of yet this work has not been undertaken.
This information is intended to be printed duplex, thereby allowing the reader to
study the databases left to right.

CAP Coastal Patrol Operations Summary, 5 March 1942 - 31 August 1943
Eastern Sea Frontier War Diary, August 1943

flown........
flown

Missions
Hours
Submarines on which positions were reported by
Vessels reported in

distress.

..........86,685

radio.........

coastline

Special investigations made at sea or along the
Floating mines
Survivors
Dead bodies
Bombs dropped against enemy
Enemy submarines definitely damaged or
Special convoy missions performedon request of the
Airplanes

reported
reported....
reported

1ost...........
Fatalities...
Personnel seriously injured

..244,600
.....173
.......................91

submarines
destroyed...............
Navy........

.........1,046
...........17
..............363
...............36
.................82
.......2
..............5,684
................90
..............26
........7

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Source: Wesley Frank Craven and James Lea Cate, Plans and Early Operations, January
1939 to August 1942, vol. 1 of The Army Air Forces in World War II (1949; reprint,
Washington, D.C.: Office of Air Force History, Government Printing Office, 1983), 543.

CHAPTER

2

U-boat Sightings Database Background Information

The following data is intended to serve as a point of departure for the study

of

sightings of German U-boat as reported by the CAP. This list is not inclusive of all
reported CAP sightings but only those that are listed in the ESF and GSF War Diaries,
covering the period of March 1942 to August 1943.
To understand the data presented, the following points of reference are included:
1.

EWT and GWT stand for "Eastern War Time" and "Gulf War Time," introduced

following the institution of year-round daylight saving time on 9 February 1942 under the
Roosevelt administration. EWT and GWT can be considered approximately
interchangeable with Eastern Standard Time (EST) and Central Standard Time (CST).

2.The locations listed are those listed in the war diaries. When there is a variation in the
exact position, either due to a typing error or garbled communication, the variation is

listed with a comma or a forward slash.
3. Rarely is the reporting CAP coastal patrol (CP) base listed in the war diaries. The base

listed is based on mapping the location of the reported sighting and comparing this
information with the reported patrol location of each CAP CP and their date of initial
patrol operations. When uncertainty exists as to which base can be credited, both are
listed.
4. Reports of oil slicks (which could originate from a U-boat) are included in the
sightings database.

4

5. The evaluations listed are only present

if the military authorities evaluated the CAP

sighting. The original war diary evaluation key is:
Possible;

DD:

AA:

Positive; BB

:

Probable;

CC:

Doubtful; NS = Non-Submarine.

6. For the attacks, the two primary armaments for CAP coastal patrol aircraft were

typically an AN-M30 100-pound general purpose bomb or the Mark l7 325-pound depth
bomb. The war diaries sometimes specific a plural number of bombs dropped, but lack
exact numbers. This is indicated in the databases.

7.T\e

notes section includes information paraphrased from the war diaries with specifics

about the sighting and gives some insight into how the military evaluated the sightings.

ESF and GStr'War Diaries - CAP U-boat Sishtinss
Date

Time

Location

Base

Evaluation
Doubtful

1942
lL-MarA2

2000

Ewr

39.09N.74.28W

CP.I

3l-MN42

1830 EWT

37.55N.74.57W

CP-2

22-Aor-42
26-Apr-42
l8-Mav-42

1320 EWT

39.40N.73.5sW

CP-I

1235 EWT

38.22N.74.57W

CP-4

1535 EWT

38.30N.75W

cP-2t4

l8-Mav-42

1630 EWT

37.33N,75.30W

CP.4

21-Mav-42

t211GWT

30.10N,8t.07W

22-Mav-42
22-Mav-42

022 EWT
430 EWT

CP.5
CP.5
CP.3

22-Mav-42
22-Mav-42

910 EwT
941 EWT

29.55N. 81.05W
l0 miles S of Lake Worth, FL,4 miles offshore
l0 miles S of Lake Worth. FL,4 miles oflshore

22-May-42
30-May-42

2329 GWT

7-Itn42

Negative

CP-3

26.40N,79.59W

cP-3/5

l0 miles E of Lake Worth

CP-3

37.18N.75.33W

cP-4

0720 EWT

31.07N.81.05W

CP-6

I 1-Jun-42

1047 EWT

38.37N.74.42W

CP-2

22-lun-42

103

l EWT

25.06N.80.15W

CP-7

22-Jm-42

I140 EWT

5 miles. bme l10T frm Bay Point. near Parris Island. SC

CP-8

26-lun-42
28-Jun42

0641 EWT

CP.I

1800

EwT

l-Jnl42

1350 EWT

3-Jtrl42

1100

EwT

40.20N.73.50W
39.15N,74.20W
39.29N.73.58W
37.08N.7s.35W

3-lul-42

1850 EWT

37.30N.75.28W

Negative

Nesative

CP.4

28.51N.80.40W
37.37N,75.24W
39.40N.74W

Negative
Negative

CP-5

1410 EWT

4-lul-42

0952 EWT

8-Jul-42

1905 EWT

9-lul-42

1555 EWT

I l-.Iul-42

1307 EWT

39 07N / 39.15N.74.t3W

18-Jul42

1045 EWT

29.13N.80.40W

2l-lul42

1533 EWT

23-Jtl42

1005

39.41N,74.03W
28.55N.80.25W

EwT

25-hrl42

0905 EWT

29-Jnl42

2100

30-lul42

1340 EWT

3-Aus42

1055 EWT

5-Ans42

EwT

CP-I

CP.I
CP.4

CP.4
CP.1

CP.1
CP-5

CP.I
CP-5

39.t5N,74.10W

CP.I

Negative

26.04N. 97.0lW / 26.15N. 96.40W

CP.12

Possible

28.25N,80.20W
31.55N.80.5W

CP-I2

29.07N 90.28W

CP-II

CP-6

Attack?

Notes

No

Submarine heading on course 300T, speed 3 knots; 2 USCG cutters sent to investigate.
Large oil slick spotted; Aircraft (bomber) wheel and other debris floating in middle of slick; no

No

life rafu seen.
Blimp at 39.3lN, 73.45W (10 miles from CAP position) circled oil slick with bubbles rising.
Blimp dropped two smoke flares. Army plane dropped 3 Mkl7s; second Army plane anived,
dropped 3 more Mkl7s. At 1550 EWT, Blimp K-3 reported patrol boat had sound contact at

No
No
No

39.40N.73.55W.
3il slick and heaw boxes floatins.
USN aircraft reported thick oil slick in position at I 835.

No
No
No
No
Yes -

Mkl7s (exact #?)

Armv aircraft reported solid oil slick. empty raft, two masts floating in 37.30N, 75.30W at 1845.
Submarine submerged after sighting, ten miles south ofsunken vessel offJacksonville Beach.
Armv planes investieated. but made no contacts.

Cil slick 1 mile lons. four miles offshore spotted.
Lookout saw 3 CAP aircraft droooins deoth charses

No

Yes

No
No

Four aircraft from NAS Banana River sent to scene, observed no submarine in area and result
their mission "definitely negative." Same report listed for 23 May 1942 GSF War Diary.

of

USN aircraft searched. Wreck near position.

Zircon and Arctic Explorer, together
with Army and Navy aircraft exhausted depth charges. Sounds contacts considered whales, but
Arctic Exolorer's sound contact at 1734 considered reliable. Zircon standins bv durins nisht.
Two CAP aircraft attacked submerged submarine. S .5. Potrero Del Llano sunk 14 May 42,
Submerged submarine, course 180T, speed 2 knots. USS

No
Yes

3

MklTs

No
No
No
No
No

25.13N,80.10W.
CAP reported "shattered objecf'; USMC pilot at 1507 dropped 2 bombs which failed to explode
returned I 820 with more ordnance but obiect disaooeared.
Submerged submarine reported; OS2U-3 reported large whale at same position at 1205 hours.
Submersed submarine reDorted with oil slick
Periscope siehted.

fil

No
No
No

slick sishted^ 3-5 miles lone. 8-10 feet wide: lisht vellow oil.
1/4 mile square; position where patrol boat depth charged 2 Ju,ly 1942; severul
wrecks in area.
Submerged submarine; USN reported same submarine on surface, 1945 hours, 27.27N, 80.10W;
:hird sighting at 2120 hours, 27.22N,80.02W.
l0-12 soots ofrisins air bubbles sighted: no recent action in area.
Submerged submarine, course 160 T, speed 6 knots.

No

Submerged submarine, course 280; globs of oil at distances of 15 feet and spreading; position
:hansed to 39.15N, 74.13w, 3 miles west of wreck of S.S. San Jose , sunk l7 Jan 1942.

Oil slick sighted,
No

Yes-2M30demos
No
Yes

No
No
Yes - M30 demos (exact #?)

Bombs listed as "200 lb. bombs."
Submerged submarine, course 60, speed 6 knots; circular oil slick moving with vessel; smoke
romb droooed. Two wrecks slishtlv north of position.

No detailed report.
Suspicious oil slick and periscope spotted; YP-355 and aircraft found "periscope" to be buoy
markins wreck of S.S. San Jose sunk 17 Jan 1942 at 39.15N, 74.09W.
No results reported.

No

Sneed 5 knots.

No

CAP aircraft checking report of surfaced submarine saw Florida-type lugger meet alongside
surfaced submarine for 30 minutes, then submerged after vessels separated and flashed signals,
Gulf Refining Co. foreman witnessed event, but too far away to be positive.

6-Aus42

1840 EWT

9-Aus-42

1848 EWT

25.58N.79.58W
28.30N,80.23W

CP.7
CP-3

Doubttul

16-Ats-42

1230 EWT

28.30N, 91.17W

CP-9

Possible

26-Aue-42

1838 EWT

0930 EWT

27-Aus-42

l23l EWT

27.25N, 80.06W
38.43N.74.40W
26N, 96.49W

CP.3
CP-2
CP-12

Doubtful

27-Ats-42

27-Aue-42

1445 EWT

25.56N,97.05W

CP.I2

Doubtful

3l-Aue-42

1840 EWT

36.05N,75.30W

CP-I6

Doubtful

l2-Sen-42
l7-Sep.42

1445 EWT

39.r8N,74.08W

1220 EWT

East of Atlantic City, NJ

CP-I
CP-I

8-Sen-42

1740 EWT

30.39N,80.57W

CP-6

2l-Sev42

1450 EWT

29.16N.81.51W

CP-5

23-Sev42

0718 EWT

26.58N,79.55W

CP-3

23-Sev42

t249EWT

33.00N.79.06W

CP-8

24-Sep-42

2030 EWT

29.05N,89.50W

CP-9

24-Sev42
10-Oct42

1935 EWT

29.52N.85.30W
29.45N,88.33W

CP.14

0809 GWT

I

13-Oct42
22-Oct42
27-Oct42

1654 EWT

Possible

Doubtful

Probable

CP-II

Doubtful

CP.7

Doubtful

26.04N,79.51W
26.12N.96.28W

CP.I5

Ewr

32.07N, 80.26W

CP-8

28-Oct42

1737 EWT

29.28N.93.38W

CP-IO

29-Oct42

1550 EWT

35.05N.75.39W

cP-2yt6

30-Oct42

l4l5 EWT

39.18N.74.06W

CP.I

1700

Non-submarine

Air bubbles reported. Evaluated as possible enemy submarine contact; USCG OS2U plane
No

Yes-3M30demos
No

Yes-lM30demo
Yes - 1 MklT
No

investisated: results nesative.
Bombs dropped on fresh oil slick. Position is wreck of S.S. Laertes.
At 1130 GWT, submerged submarine sighted in clear water, approximately 20-30 feet below
surface. After turning. submarine lost and pilot unable to locate it again.
Pilot saw crash diving submarine from approximately three miles and after investigating saw
long black object shape of submarine. Dropped smoke bomb to mark position about I M30
demolition bomb. Results negative. Transmitter went dead and retumed to base. Aircraft at 1500
feet altitude. Depth of water 8 fathoms, five miles offshore.
Submerqed submarine reported; reappeared at 0936 hours.
Ship of broken water running 250 degrees true.
This is believed to be same object as reported above; object 200 feet in length, stationary at 62

No

feet underwater.

No

sunk 4

No
No
No

Submersed obiect sishted

Submarinesightedbutdisappearedonsighting.PositionnearwreckofS.S.
Aoril 42.36.08N. 75.32W.

ByronD.Benson,

Oil slick 750 feet long, l0 - l5 feet wide. Head of slick was a square wooden object
approximately 4-6 feet, appeared to be anchored. Position circled for approximately 15 minutes
and two bombs dropped, I which failed to detonate; other hit within 10 feet. Results negative,
but believe submerged submarine near. One aircraft bombed; two others in vicinity circling.
Second CAP pilot in area reported slick 200 feet long extending north and south. No reason to
suspect submarine in area. Position 29.13N, 80.53W. Slick reported increased by 50% after

Yes-2M30demos

Yes-1M30demo
Yes-1M30demo
No
No
No

bombins.
Pilot noticed what appeared to be a USCG boat, low in water. Aircraft flew over to investigate
and when within l-2 miles the vessel disappeared. Bubbles and fumes noticed in area where
vessel disappeared. Submarine was on 300 degree course proceeding slowly. Plane dropped one
bomb which failed to explode where vessel disappeared. Also dropped two smoke bombs, one o1
which fired.
Submerged submarine sighted, one bomb dropped, buoy located in same position;2 Army
Dlanes sent out.

Information sent to Army Intelligence via fishermen who reported information on sub sighting to
CAP base. Sishtine was on 20 September 1942.
Sighted "feather" or seaweed, foam, and slight oil slick on surface - possible submerged object
;tirrins uo bottom.
Larse. susoicious oil slickr evaluated as bilse water from shiDDing routes.
Pilots Jacks and Woods patrolling at 300 feet altitude, course north, visibility 20 miles. Six or
seven miles out Jacks sighted what he thought was a small coast guard boat on course south.
Watched continuously for 2-3 minutes until he lost it in the "trough" at about two miles distance.
Climbed to 550 feet and could not locate boat again. One minute later he arrived over point
where he thought it disappeared and saw disturbed water, that was bubbly and light green in
color, 150-200 feet long and 25-30 feet wide, coming to point at its southem limit. Disturbance
remained stationary and was in evidence generally for approximately 25 minutes, gradually
fading out- Remainder of sea was dark blue and very rough with numerous whitecaps. Woods
saw nothing except disturbed water for 30-40 seconds. Smoke bombs dropped 50 feet from

No
No
Yes

- I MklT

water disturbance.

fil

slick one mile lone. Mav be from wreck of S.S. Oarcaca,

Suspicious obiect siehted: depth charge droDDed with nesative results: water depth 42 feet.
Observer claimed submarine surfaced, then crash-dive. Pigment bomb dropped. Water 7
fathoms in depth, and evaluated as probable gas fissure. Water too shallow for submarine

No

operations.

No

Aircraft sighted small CG picket boat, 10-15 miles distant; object disappeared on approach, left
visible disturbance in water. Position in center of mined area.
IAP aircraft observed air bubbles coming to surface; summoned armed CAP plane which

Yes

rttacked. Wrecks located in 39.15N. 74.09W and 39.23N. 74.07W.

4-Nov42

0803 EWT

31.27N" 80.57W

CP.6

Possible

4-Nov-42

1530 EWT

29.59N. 85.38W 29.50N. 85.35W

CP.14

Non-submarine

4-Nov-42
4-Nov-42

1612 EWT
1630 EWT

29.47N.84.35W
34.05N,75.50W

CP-14
CP.2I

Nesative
Non-submarine

5-Nov42

1640 EWT

39.05N.74.20W

CP.I

Negative

8-Nov42

1800

Off Brant Rock, near Plymouth, MA

CP-I8

l4-Nov42

1435 EWT

27.58N.83.02W

CP.I3

EwT

l7-Nov-42

1515 EWT

23-Nov-42

0948 EWT

27.08N,82.58W
40.03N.73.44W

cP-t7lt

23-Nov42

1645 EWT

32.24N.79.54W

CP-8

Positive

25-Nov-42

0827 EWT

30.20N,81.05W

CP-6

Probable

2l-Dec-42

1305 EWT

26.06N.96.57W

CP-12

23-Dec-42

1505 EWT

26.05N.82.08W

cP-13

Non-submarine

24-Dec-42

I125 EWT

26.36N.79.59W

CP-3

Non-submarine

9-lut-43

1045 EWT

40.45N,70.50W

CP.I8

l4-Jan-43

1048 EWT

39.30N,74.10W

CP.I

Doubttul

17-Ian-43

0805 EWT

38.42N,74.55W

CP-2

Possible

7-Feb-43

0856 EWT

32.37N.79.03W

cP-8

Possible

20-Feb43

1545 EWT

40.57N.72.06W

CP.I7

l3-Mar43

084s EWT

41.18N- 70.48W

CP-18

Negative
Negative

CP-7

t943

Altitude 100 feet, saw flash in water, distance of 1000 feet; observed green streak in water,
submarine emerged showing bow and conning tower while observing streak; flew over
submarine between bow and conning tower; wake breaking behind conning tower; aft

of

conning tower hull not visible - quite positive of observations, color dark gray. Observed gun
forward of conning tower quite clearly. Climbed to 800 feet and dropped I demolition bomb
which failed to detonate. Submarine course SW; other sighting in area on 3 Nov. 42, 31.28N,

Yes-1M30demo
No

80.55W 1430 hours.
ReDorted in ESF War Diary as 29.50N, 85.38W at 1630 hours. Believed to be school of shrimp
2 CAP aircraft

No
No

Yes - 2

Mkl7s

No

offDog Island reported submerged submarine in 7 fathoms chuming up mud,

headed offshore. Report nesative.

Two wrecks in area; sighted in 12 fathoms.
Depth charges dropped on grey and purple sfreaks in water, 15 fathoms ofwater; results
negative. CG vessel to area, dropped depth charges at 39.07N, 74.23W. No visible results.
Known wreck at 39.06N. 7433W .
CAP aircraft saw bubbles and oil slick; two USN aircraft investigated, reported fresh oil slick in
"V" shape, 100 yards wide at large end, 5 miles east of Brant Rock. Water depth 25 fathoms.
Surface vessels to scene. Time of received reoort 1800 EWT.
Oil slick reported with streaks of red running through it. Slick approx. 500'by 1500'. USCG

No

vessel investigated with neqative results.

No

Oil slick sighted one acre in size. Due to size and proximity to shipping lanes decided to be
result of oumnins of bilses. No further action taken.

No

Oil slick sishted.
Patch of pale blue smoke like from diesel engine coming from water and water swirl near buoy

No

4K1. Pilot and observers saw conning tower and decks awash.
Patrol boat or submarine sighted from altitude of I 100 feet; circled toward object, pilot saw it
disappear in 30 seconds before plane could get in aftack position. Arriving at scene, pilot and

No

observer saw swirl and wake.

No

Black objec! 75 feet long, lying 120 and 300 degrees, motionless, nearly submerged. Was not
lying in the trough ofthe wave but across it. Plane at 700-800 feet altitude. Visibility poor, plane
circled but could not relocate obiect. Water at Doint is about 10 fathoms.

Aircraft at 900 feet, course 120 degrees. Observer Brock directed pilot's attention to submarine

No
No
Yes

- I MklT

1.5 miles away. Pilot circled, came over to spot, and sighted a wake 20-30 feet long which he
took to b€ a submerged submarine. No conning tower, guns, periscope, swirl, bubbles, oil slick
or smoke was observed. Altitude at nearest approach was 300 feet, smooth sea with hazy
visibility. Pilot has never seen submarine before and has only four months over-water flying.
Observer Brock stated his attention was called to spot by wake. Thought he observed top ofthe
conning towerjust before it submerged. Seemed to be more wake in front ofobject than behind
it. Estimated length of wake to be 75 feet, long and white. Depth of water at position only 48
feet; smooth water and sub crash diving would have left wake over almost one mile.
Water boil, wake then underwater swirl 35 feet long; no oil spotted. Vessel S.S. Ofrio sunk in
area believed to be source of boil.

lil slick 200 yards long, narrow, stationary
Object spotted breaking water between patrol vessels, moving seaward. Depth charge dropped;
failed to detonate.

No

Dark object resembling small boat sighted; disappeared straight down as planes approached, no
wake. Oil slick appeared, stationary, no head,50 feet in diameterand appeared fresh. Dark
smoke appeared simultaneously with objects disappearance. Position ofevents 2 miles South of
radar contacts made by Fort Miles. Evaluated as possible mine laying submarine.

No

Apparent small boat spotted on course 270T, speed 12 knots at distance of3-5 miles at 1300 feel
altitude. As planes closes, large gray conning tower observed; object submerged to decks awash
and then completelv, leaving large wake. Assorted aircraft and vessels converged on areas.

No
No

Sishted in 9 fathoms. Militarv aircraft and vessels sent to area. ESF evaluates non-submarine,
iubmarine snotted crash divins: water denth four fathoms-

26-Mar-43

1330 EWT

43.38N.68.59W

CP-20

Possible

30-Mar-43

O74O

EWT

25.33N, 80.03W

CP.7

Doubtful

l0-Aor-43
l3-Apr-43

1420 EWT

26.28N,79.48W
29.02N.80.41W

CP-3

Doubtful

0930 EWT

l6-Aor-43

0925 EWT

31.55N. 80.22W / 80.32W

CP-6

Doubtful

l6-Anr-43

1845 EWT

29.50N,85.50W

CP-I4

Doubtful

24-Apt43

1207 EWT

38.47N,74.40W

1645 EWT

0659 EWT

32.32N.79.35W
43.42N.69.25W

CP.2
CP.8

Doubtfrrl

27-Aor-43
1-Mav43

CP-I9

2-Mav-43

1530 EWT

28.20N.95.46W

CP.15

3-Mav-43

1854 EWT

27.01N.96.55W

CP-12

Doubtful

5-Mav-43
6-May-43

0808 EWT

26.21N.80W
41.03N,71.43W

cP-7
CP.I8

Doubtful

l7-May-43

1520 EWT

34.53N,75.42W

CP-21

Nesative

2l-Mav-43

1020 EWT

28.57N.92.10W

1030 EWT

32.48N,79.25W

CP-IO
CP.8

Non-submarine

2l-Mw-43
30-Mav-43

0730 EWT

35.58N- 75.05W

CP-I6

Nesative

1400

EwT

CP.5

Doubtful
Doubttul

Doubtful

No

2 periscopes sighted by FAr' Eugene Staples and YP-547 and YP-213, AM-94, and CAP
aircraft dispatched to search. Negative search, but CAP Observer reported seeing two
periscopes, I 8 inches apart about 4 to 5 inches in diameter. Cominch ordered no action be taken
without more positive identification as 2 friendly submarines were operating in the area.

Aircrew spotted a small boat pitching heavily and when they arrived at the scene the boat had
disappeared. Pilot thought due to heavy seas that he had sighted what might be waves breaking
over the conning tower of a submarine. Depth of water at point between 25 - 78 fathoms. During

No

interview, pilot stated that on approaching item he is convinced that what he saw was a conning
tower, gray in color, with some markings visible. Object rode through three waves and was only
about halfvisible on the next one. Immediately thereafter, the object disappeared. Observed
from 1000 feet for about one minute. No guns or periscope observed and little wake seen. No
surface swirl observed, although pilot described a circular swirl, 50 feet in diameter, below the
surface. Pilot has seen submarines, has seen them crash dive, is confident that objected sighted
was a submarine. GSF evaluation doubtful, that improbable a submarine would surface so close
to shore. in such heavily patrolled position so long after daybreak.
Periscope spotted 13.5-14 miles east of Delray Beach, FL, from a distance of ll2 mil, at altitude
of 1000 feet. Observed for about one minute and appeared heading SW, making distinctive

wake. Both observers reported outlined ofwhat appeared to be a submarinejust under the
surface ofthe water. Described as being as large or larger than submarines previously sighted by
pilot in Key West area. Plane attacked with one M30 demolition bomb within 30 feet of
periscope. Periscope then disappeared. Reappeared 10 minutes after bomb, but course now
approximately NW. Both observers reported distinct shape of submarine seen some 5 feet below
surface but without discernible details. Plane circled area for one hour and five minutes and
dropped smoke bombs to mark position. Army Controller asked CAP plane to refuel and
proceed back to area ofsighting. GSF: Unlikely that submarine would show periscope l5
minutes after attack by aircraft or travel at periscope depth in heavily patrolled area at speed to

Yes-IM30demo
No

Yes-2M30demos

No
Yes

- 1 Mk17
No
No

No

create a definite wake or feather by periscoDe.
Oil slick spotted, 25' by 100'; believed source was a motor boal

Both CAP aircraft reported sighting submarine; submerged then resurfaced twice. Neither M30
exploded. Several military aircraft and surface craft dispatched to scene of sighting; attack
brought up one large and one small whale.
Plane at 800 feet sighted at one mile a disturbance in water. Upon flying closer and inspecting
he noticed disturbed water and streak in water 500 feet long, l0 feet wide. Reported he could see
something bare under the water. Position 12 miles from shore in 12 fathoms of water. Combat
intellieence thinks caused bv school of fish.
Depth charge failed to detonate; 1300 hours, another CAP plane sighted a whale in same
position; USN aircraft search negative.
Submersed vessel sishted 5 miles SE ofbuoy C-l in 7-9 fathoms ofwater.
Submarine reported crash divine.
Oil slick reported in shape ofa large V. Slick appeared to be heading southwest and
approximately one mile wide at one end. Pilot attached no particularly significance to slick; no
action taken.

No

of 1000 feet, sighted what appeared to be small USCG vessel from distance of 3
4 miles. Upon approach, vessel no longer seen. Pilot nor observer had glasses, or had ever seen a
submarine. No surface vessels in this position: depth of water approximately 25 fathoms.

No
No

Periscooe sishted disaooearins at end of oil slick.

Plane at altitude

lil

slick siehted. six USN boats. six USN patrol bombers, and 2 army bombers seen in area.

Two CAP aircraft sighted apparent submarine submerging. Wreck with mast visible in 34.52N,

No

75.5

lW. ESF evaluated non-submarine.

Possible periscope sighted, disappeared after sighting; mud and oil streaks seen but no "possible
periscope" seen by other CAP aircraft. Depth of water is 72 feet. Believed to be wreck of Ciries

No
No
No

Service Toledo

.

Dark submersed obiect sishted: smoke bomb dropped. Water 8 fathoms deoth. no wrecks.
Bluish grey object sighted at 3 miles, disappeared under water 1.5 miles, leaving slight ripple.
Identified as wreck with spars showing.

0825 EWT
0710 EwT

34.32N.76.48W 176.46W

CP-21
CP.8

Doubtful

32.43N.79.35W

6-Jun43

1220 EWT

0800 EwT

33.03N,79.05W
34.07N,77.08W

CP-8

8-Jun-43

CP-21

Doubtful
Neeative

17-1url,43

0615 EWT

3s.30N- 75.10W

CP.I6

Neeative

24-lun43

t220EWT

29.40N.87.45W

CP.I4

Doubtful

6-Jul-43
7-Jul-43

27.30N.83.20W

CP.I3
CP.I3

17-Jul43

0815 EWT
0805 EWT
0945 EWT

l9-Jul43

1900

EwT

25.05N.80.18W

CP-7

27-Jul43

0745 EWT

29.35N.85.19W

CP-14

30-Jul-43

1425 EWT

29.53N. 80.37W

CP.5

6-Aus43

1228 EWT

25.36N.79.56W

CP-7

Neoative

20-Aus-43

0832 EWT

35.20N.75.15W

CP-I6

Doubttul

2-1tunl.43

6-Jun-43

27.18N- 82.56W
26.29N / 26.34N. 80.02W

CP.3

Non-submarine

Conning tower signed in 10 fathoms. Object believed to be submarine 20 feet under water;
wreck with 2 masts showing close to sighting; Search by aircraft and USCG vessels met with

No
No

Yes-lM30demo
No
No

negative results.
Fresh oil slick sishted.

Long low objectjust beneath surface, 200-250 feet long, oblong projection in center and oval
shane snotted: homb drooned then marker.
Submersed obiect siehted: evaluated as wreck, no action taken
Fresh oil slick sighted. Blimp sent to evaluate reported oil slick and stationary MAD target;
evaluated as wreck (several in vicinitv).

Aircraft at 5000' altitude, flying due north; object seemed to be moving on a course of270T,
speed ofapproximately l0 knots. A wake estimated by pilot to be from 400 - 600 feet long was
visible. Pilot stated objected appeared to be about the size of "something between a large Coast
Guard vessel and a small tanker." When plane made a head-on approach to the object, it
remained in sight continuously until plane was two miles away at altitude of 2500 feet, then
disappeared from sight, leaving wake that persisted for one minute. Pilot sighted oil slight about
one mile long, light in color, about a mile northeast of position of sighting. No conning tower
visible, guns, men, or periscope. Death ofwater 23 fathoms. Object estimated later to be 160
feet in length. Pilot and observer have over 700 hours in antisubmarine patrol in area, but neither

No
No
No
No

No
No
No
No

Yes-lM30demo

have previously seen any submarine activity.

Circular oil slick about 200 feet in diameter spotted. Pilot stated that oil appeared to be still
coming uD as circle qrew larger. No wrecks in area.
Laree oil slick sootted
Long. fresh oil slick siehted
Circular oil slick, apparently fresh and covering approximately a mile and half in area, center of
slick heavier than rest and heavier part covered area approximately ll2 mile. Wooden boxes
scattered throughout the slick. Slick stationary and greenish-blue in color. About 77 miles from
position ofattack on K-74.
Circular, white, foaming swirl in 4.5 fathoms. Possibly a wave breaking over the St. George
Whistle Buoy.
Heary oil slick about 35-40 miles east of St. Augustine, extending over an area of four miles but
no sisns ofwreckage or survivors.
Object sighted underwater in middle of large oil slick with bubbles rising to surface. Object
disappeared durins time plane observed the obiect, but the large air bubbles still seen rising.
Surfaced submarine sighted at altitude of 1500 feet, 10 miles distant; 3 miles submarine
observed submerging. 1 bomb dropped; failed to detonate. Blimps, aircraft, vessels sent to area;
ESF evaluation doubtful.

CHAPTER

3

Sightings of Unusual Items

CAP patrols did not just hunt for U-boats but reported sighting anything unusual
on their flights. Data listed here does not include every reported sighting by the CAP but

only those listed in the ESF and GSF War Diaries.
To understand the data, the following points of reference are included:
1. The locations listed are those

listed in the war diaries. When there is a variation in the

exact position, either due to a typing error or garbled communication, the variation is

listed with a cofilma or a forward slash.

2.The reporting CAP coastal patrol (CP) base was often listed in the GSF War Diary.
The ESF War Diary did not include many CAP non-submarine sightings, and as such the

bulk of this data is attributed to the GSF War Dairy. When not explicitly stated in the
records, the base listed is approximated by mapping the location of the reported sighting
and comparing this information with the reported patrol location of each CAP CP and

their date of initial patrol operations.
3. Reports of

oil slicks (which could originate from

a

U-boat) are included in the

sightings database and not included in this database, unless the sighting was not
considered to originate from a submarine but a sinking or non-event.

t6

ESF and GSF War Diaries - CAP Siehtines of Unusual Items
Base
ltem
Date
Time
Location
L942
l5-Mar42 0800 EwT
l5-Mar42 0807 EWT

39.15N,74W
39.02N,74.30W

CP.1

Sunken Ship

CP-I

Survivors

1830 EWT

37.55N,74.57W

CP.2

Crashed Aircraft

28-Aor42 1148 EWT
4-Mav42 07s5 EWT

37.58N,75.06W
27.20N,80.10W

CP.2

Fishine Vessel

CP.3

Vessel Asround

CP.3
CP.3

Burnins Shio

3l-Mar-42

6-Mav42
6-Mav42
8-Mav42
l8-Mav-42

0715 EWT
0900 EV/T
0715 EWT
2010 Ewr

22-May-42

1235 EV/T

1-Iw-42

0950 EWT

5-Iun-42

1009

EwT

27.lsN,80.00w
near Bethel Buoy, FL

38.57N,74.47W
38.55N,74.55W
29.53N / 29.55N, 81.05W
31.20N,80.55W
39.20N,74.15W

CP.2
CP-2

Sunken Ship
Crashed Aircraft

Mine

CP-5

Survivor

CP-6

Sunken Ship

CP.I

Survivor

12-Jun-42

I145 EWT

38.40N,7455W

cP-2

15-Jun42

1250 EWT

39.30N,73.50W

CP-I

Survivor
Burnine Ship

24-Jul-42

1250 EWT

25.40N,80W

CP.7

Mine

25-Jul-42

0810

2 miles east of Fowey Rocks Light

CP.7

Life Raft

Entrance to Tampa Bay, FL
20 miles SW of Panama Citv, FL; 5 miles offshore

CP-13

Wreckage

CP.I4

Sinkins Shio

EwT

7-Sep42
I

l-Seo42

l2-Seo-42

1700 GWT

26.02N, 97.02W

cP-12

Life Raft

20-Sep-42

t422GWT

26.45N, 97.20W and 26.33N, 97.17W

CP-12

Life Rafts

25-Seo-42

1230 EWT

28.24N,80.18W

CP-5

Wreckage

27-Seo-42

1106 EWT

garbled

?

Survivor

10-Oct-42

ls40 GwT

29.44N,87.53W

CP-I1

Wreckase

Notes
Tanker underwater; small boat and life raft in vicinity; no survivors observed. One
life boat siehted 2 miles north of tanker.
Oil slick with bodies in it, "some apparently alive."
Large oil slick; airplane (bomber) wheel and other debris floating in middle of slick.
No life rafts seen.
Fishing vessel Reliance spotted in oil slick 100 feet in diameter. Three men and large
hose on deck; vessel moved when plane approached and stopped when aircraft
withdrew.
Tanker aground.
CAP plane saw tanker afire and "blow up." CAP plane, 2 miles NE of position saw
sunken ship with masts showing, surrounded by barrels, crates, oil, 2 overturned
lifeboats, 2 rafts and other wreckage. Possibly from S.S. Amazone .
CAP aircraft observed tanker sinking with two lifeboats alongside.
USCG to investisate.
Round knob with hook seen on mine.
Man on raft; not found as of 1800 EWT.
Ship's bridge and other wreckage; no reported sinkings in this vicinity.
Man on raft; Widgeon (ASR) dispatched to scene; no further report.
Life raft with one man aboard, flying white flag. Surface craft dispatched; 1456 EWT
olane sishted raft 13 miles away - empty.
Blimp and plane search produced nothing.
Floating mine or buoy sighted. Life raft also sighted in same vicinity. Reported mine
sunk by.50 caliber machine zun at 1556 EWT. Antenna float for mark six mine.
Large raft, with suspected survivors under canvas; tumed out to be large supply of
provisions.
Scattered wreckage, including parts ofship's cabin, bridge, life preservers, and board

with letter "N". Believed wreckage may be from sunken tug Wiley Moore

.

Boat sinking, awash and on side. No personnel visible; USCG to investigate.
Life raft floating with keg and oars. Appears to have been in water for long time.
Marked by sea gulls or paint. No life aboard.

Two life rafts spotted ashore with equipment aboard resembling beds and barrels.
Tracks resembling those of an automobile were seen in sand. Naval lntelligence
informed.
Object sighted about five feet in diameter, 15 feet long, tubular shaped. Seemed to
have six floats supporting object rimmed about outer edge. Canvas or cloth or some
kind and grayish white in color.
Survivor observed on life raft but position garbled. USCG vessel one quarter mile
away.

Metal ball sighted, four feet in diameter. Painted white with one yellow and one black
stripe around circumference. Light chain attacked to ring hanging from it into the
water. Second ball painted silver with shackle on top with attached cable observed at
29.45N,88.98W.

11-Oct-42

1435 EWT

32.30N,80W

CP-8

Survivors

17-Oct-42

1215 EWT

25.07N,80.13W

CP-7

Sunken Ship

26-0ct-42

1600

25.33N,80W

CP.7

Abandoned Vessel

29-Oct-42

0825 EWT

2-4 miles E, 2 miles N of Tavernier, FL

CP-7

Abandoned Vessel

3l-Oct-42

1910 EWT

I mile NE of Soldiers Key, FL

CP-7

Vessel A$ound

Momine

28.06N,96.47W
28.07N.80.03W

CP-I5
CP-3

Life Boat
Abandoned Vessel

6-Nov-42

l0-Nov42

1600

Ewr

EwT

l3-Nov42 0948 GWT
23-Nov42 0948 EWT

26.20N, 97.02W

CP-12

Life Raft

41.03N,7l.l4W

CP-I8

Wreckase

29-Nov42

t3l0 GwT

29.39N.93.51W

CP-IO

Life Raft

4-Dec-42

1520 EWT

off Boynton, FL

CP.7

Wreckage

l0-Dec-42
l2-Dec-42
l5-Dec-42

0919 EWT

6 miles south of Fowey Rocks, FL

1700 Ewr
1640 EWT

25.30N,79.55W
41.27N,70.57W

CP-7
CP.7

Crashed Aircraft
Floatins Tree

CP-I8

Mine

20-Dec-42

0900

Ewr

25.38N,80.19W

CP-7

Body

23-Dec-42

t232EWT

27.52N,96.24W

CP-I5

Parachute

28-Dec-42

l74s EWT

29.10N,90.06W

CP-9

Wreckase

1943

l-Jan-43

26-lan43

1700

EwT

I755 EST

CP-14 Abandoned Vessel

29.24N,84.23W
1.5 miles offClearwater Beach.

FL

CP-13

Vessel in Distress

Men sighted on life raft. Aircraft circled; SC-634 proceeded to scene. Survivors

of

CAP air crash.
Submerged rowboat 5 miles offshore; also sighted wreckage and bilge oil between
Fowey Rocks and Molasses Reef, FL.
Overturned lifeboat spotted. Plane dropped smoke bomb and CG-223 located boat
and towed to Miami. Boat was l2-foot double-ender, white with green and red trim,
bearing name "Verdulindu."
l8-20 foot empty motorboat sighted. USCG investigated and no motorboat found. On
30 Oct 42, at l5l5 EWT, reported boat was being salvaged.
25-30 foot motor fishing vessel aground, 4-5 people aboard. USCG reported at2020
EWT boat floated free with tide.
Washed ashore at 28.06N, 96.47W, where it was examined by a CAP flight that
landed on the beach. Sail marked "5.5. American Trader No. 3 " and boat contained
full provisions and equipment. Four oars lashed down and stern was damaged. Boat
gave no evidence ofhaving been occupied.
Empty motor sailer, 35 feet long, low in water sighted.
Wooden life raft sighted and observed againat 1201 GWT. Spotted againat20l0
GV/T at position 26.14N, 97.01W.
Floating yellow ball and box, 28 miles and 93 degrees from Montauk, NY.
Raft sighted and apparently provisioned and showed no signs oflong exposure. CPl0 also reported raft at 1340 GWT at 29.23N,93.56W and 29.23N, 93.58W at 1338

GWT.
Parachute or target sleeve, floating in water. Item recoveredby YP-535 and
determined to be aerial tarset sleeve.

Army B-34R, serial number AJ-347, from 8th Antisubmarine Squadron crashed and
crash boat at scene picked up three survivors.
Huge tree, roots up, drifting northward at 4 knots.
Floating mine with "camouflaged top", 200 yards offshore.

Body floating in water and recovered by USCG at l1l4 EWT. Identified as B.G.
Brinkman, local winter resident who with companion, G.C. Sedano, aboard
Brinkman's boat, the BGD, had been reported missing since 18 Dec 42 along the
Keys south of Miami. Body of Sedano recovered by CG-3 85 I 6 at 17 50 EWT. Boat
never found. CAP pilots who first spotted Brinkman given reward of $500.
Parachute proved to be an old original whistle buoy which appears on USCG chart
no. I I17, in 27.5lN, 96.27W.
New painted grey wreckage observed. Close by is a red flag, apparently attached to
wreckage. Also tow flags noticed on Timbalier Island, one red and one blue, on same
flag pole. Wreck of S.S. Benjomin Brewster is at 29.03N, 90.09W. May be wreck
observed.

Grey, l6-foot rowboat sighted, containing several small paper packages. USCG
dvised that they had a boat in the area at the same time. Assumed CAP sighting was
this USCG boat.
Fishing vessel in distress; CGR-7030 dispatched and at 1845 EWT had vessel in tow
back to Tamoa Bav- FL.

28-Ian43

t22sEWT

OffFlasler Beach, FL

CP-5

Parachute

30-Jan-43

il50 EWT

5 miles W of Soldiers Key, Miami, FL

CP.7

I l-Feb-43

t432EWT
t8l5 EWT

CP.'I

Vessel Aeround
Parachute

I 1-Feb-43

28.04N,80.26W
21.01N,96.40W

CP-l5

Life funs

l5-Feb43

1700

EwT

27.33N,82.54W

CP-I3

Wreckage

26.45N,82.50W

CP-13

Wreckage

l6-Feb43

26-Feb43

1235 EWT

29.32N,92.28W

CP.9

Crashed Aircraft

28-Feb43

1320 EWT

29.33N,92.25W

CP.IO

Body

4-Mar43

0936 EWT

27.46N,82.59W

CP-l3

Abandoned Vessel

27.39N,82.40W

CP-I3

Crashed Aircraft

I

l-Mar43

l4-Mar43

1030

EwT

27.04N,79.56W

CP-3

Parachute

2l-Mar43

lSll Ewr

37.5IN,74.49W

CP4

Crashed Aircraft

11-Apr-43

2015 EWT

25.35N,79.50W

CP-7

Wreckase

l5-Apr43

103s EWT

2637N,79.54W

CP-3

Wreckage

22-Aor43

1400

EwT

27.06N,82.41W

CP.I3 Abandoned Vessel

24-Aor43

25.36N,79.48W

CP.7

Wreckase

28-Aor43

29.55N,88.30W

CP-I I

Wreckage

25.28N,80.17.5W

CP-7

Crashed Aircraft

29.23N,93.23W

CP-IO

Raft

5 miles due E of Jupiter Inlet. FL

CP-3

Wreckase

EwT

29-Aor-43

r 100

29-Aor-43

ll25 EWT

29-Aor43

1240

EWT

CAP reported parachute with man clinging to it. USCG repoded object sighted was a
larset sock. No man or oarachute discovered in area.
Tug boat with three barges in tow aground. USCG located tug and barges, Tug,
Bremen, being refloated.
Parachute siehted floating in water. USCG search results negative.
Ring-type life preserver sighted in water.
Wreckage of large wooden boat with boxes and other debris scattered over large area.
Mav be wreckase of dredee Gulfoort reported adrift and later sunk in area.
Aircraft sighted a deck cabin with number #17392 on it drifting southward. As
possible navigation hazard, USCG boat dispatched to pick up cabin.
Wrecked bomber aircraft located from air, leaking oil with deflated rubber boat seen
on beach. Two men on horseback and small boat in vicinity directed by CAP planes
to the scene.
Body sighted wearing Mae West lifejacket. Identified as Staff Sgt. Billy T.
Davenport, crew member of B-34 bomber which crashed on24 Feb 43 at 1730 EWT
while on resular tarset towins mission.
One larse barse and two small ones adrift. LT-331 bv 1235 EWT had barses in tow.
Aircraft sighted down on beach, with either pilot or guard standing near plane.

Apparently AT -6, #67 34.
Parachute or target sleeve spotted. CAP urcraft dropped smoke flares directing USN
surface in vessel to item.
Believed to be wreckage of missing CAP aircraft.USS Alabaster and YP-221
searched area with negative results.
Wreckage consisted of bedding, life preservers, deck house, window sills, and
boards. No survivors, oil slick, or visible disturbances observed.
Approximately 30 loaded crates awash. About 4xl0 feet in size and covered area of
one mile. Vessels dispatched to site returned with negative results.
Capsized, flat-bottom boat, approximately 17 feet in length spotted. Bottom side up,
painted yellow with white sides. No sign of life in vicinity.
Railing sighted, believed to be from boat. 7 5 feet long, I 5 inches wide, about 6
inches thick.
Observers reported spherical object, with handrail and ropes dangling, about 5 feet in
diameter.

Aircraft wreck entirely submerged and demolished. No survivors sighted. Oil slick in
area. CAP aircraft dropped message to small boat which recovered several small
pieces ofyellow and green wreckage. One body recovered but identification
impossible because ofits condition. Second body recovered but not identified.
Apparently an SNJ-3 aircraft was reported missing with two aboard since 1000 EWT.
Later identified as this aircraft.
Unoccupied wooden raft, 8 feet by 10 feet. Contained a fruit crate and large box. No
visible identifi cation marks.
Black rounded object sighted, 4 feet in diameter and 8 feet long. Apparently lost
buoy.

l-Mav43

1300

EwT

26.33N,79.40W

CP.3

Wreckage

Z-May43

0805 EWT

41.53N,70.30W

CP-I8

Burnine Ship

l3-Mav-43

1900

EwT

25.03N, 80.11W

CP.7

Wreckase

17-Mav-43

0930 EWT
0850 EWT

25.31N,80.10W
27.20N,80.10W

CP.7
CP.3

Vessel in Distress

6-Jun-43

20-Jun43 1858 EWT

27.36N,83.09W

CP-I3

Vessels in Distress

l-Jul-43 1250 EWT

CP-7

Wreckase

CP-I3

7-Iul-43 0805 EWT

26.37N,79.55W
27.22N,82.52W
27.26N,82.s9W

CP.I3

Wreckage
Wreckage

7-Jul-43 1638 EWT

7 miles N of AWS Post at Bunnell, FL

CP.5

Crashed Aircraft

26.05N,80W

CP.7

Wreckase

EwT

27.22N,83.07W

CP.I3

Wreckase

12-Jul43 0929 EWT

29.38N,87.48W

CP.II

Crashed Aircraft

1510 EWT

30.r2N.85.53W

CP.14

Crashed Aircraft

5-Jul-43

9-Jul-43

1545 EWT

1730 EWT

9-Jul-43 2000

27-Jul-43

Wreckase

Oil slicks and debris, including boxes approximately

I

feet square and what appeared

to be crates about the size of orange crates. Search by CGR-|467 \Mrh negative
results.

Buming boat sighted; identified as CG-58012, completely destroyed and sunk. Crew
suffered burns and exposure, but all rescued by F/V Leonard A .
Hexagon-shaped metal object about five feet wide and projected about two feet above
the surface sighted. Six miles northeast of position pilot sighted some wreckage,

includine hatch-cover.
60-foot schooner sighted flying distress signals. Heavy seas running and vessel
appeared to be hard aground. Plane dropped a message asking the crew to continue
waving a white flag if they were in urgent distress. Vessel identified as Caridad ,
floated and towed to Miami by CG-5401I .
Boxes and pieces of wood sighted.
Iwo fishing boats in distress; CG-97002 and CGR-1460 dispatched to scene. At
0120 EWT on 2l Jun 43, two boats, sailboats Natural and Sue, in tow
Silvery object sighted resembling a plane wing,2 feet by l5 feet, pointed at once end
and lying at a 10 degree angle in 143 fathoms of water. No aircraft reported missing.
YP-433 investigated with nesative results.
Eight logs and packing case observed in water.
Laree floatins timber.
Two CAP aircraft sighted buming aircraft with Army insignia and open parachute on
ground in vicinity. Plane believed to be B-25, five occupants killed. Tail Number 4232369.
Oil slick one mile in diameter with boxes, small bags, and two bright orange canvas
sheets floating near center. Oil slick caused by empty yellow oil can with small water
loeeed oranse tarset attached.
Floating debris and packing cases sighted. No vessels or oil slicks observed in area.
Position may be same wreckage spoffed bv CAP on 5 Jul 43.
PBY-5 reported missing on I I Jul 43. CAP aircraft reported sighting object and
flotsam, appearing to be fabric.
Aircraft with red fabric wings disclosed by Eglin Field as a Culver Cadet for
experimental work in remote-control operations of planes. No one aboard when it
crashed.

CHAPTER 4

CAP Air Crashes

During the period of CAP coastal patrol operations, the patrol bases reported 90
aircraft lost during operations, wrth26 fatalities andT serious injuries. The ESF and GSF
war diaries only list 23 of these crashes, but many of the others are documented
elsewhere. The assigned base,

if not outright listed in the war diaries, is approximated

based on the area of the reported crash and the proximity to the nearest CAP coastal

patrol base.

26

ESF and GSF War Diaries - Reported CAP
Date
Time
Location

Air Crashes
Base
1942

13-Jun42

ll15 EWT

37.45N,75.29W

CP4

2l-Jul42

1800 EWT

38.06N,7455W

CP-2

30N,85.43W

CP-14

32.30N,80W

CP-8

I

l-Sep42

ll-Oct-42
28-Oct-42

1435 EWT
1s15 EWT

11-Nov42

1240 GWT

29.20N,93.22W

CP-IO

l6-Nov42

1450 EWT

t mile NE of Fowey Rocks, FL

CP-7

22-Nov-42

1030

miles east of Daytona Beach, FL

CP-5

EwT

I mile offshore,

12

and 3 miles N of St. Augustine Light

CP-5

1943

4-Iat43

1805 EWT

29.50N,85.50W

CP-14

17-Jan-43

162l EWT

Few hundred feet from Molasses Reef Lieht. FL

CP-7

29-Jan-43

1230 EWT

Petit Bois Island. MS

CP-II

Notes
Crew of 3 picked up uniniured bv USCG vessel at 1210 EWT.
One man rescued by CAP amphibian plane; other occupant believed lost. On 23 Jul 42, at
1530 EWT, l04th Observation Squadron found small oil slick with body of man in it,
"believed to be lost CAP observer."
Crew safe on wing of aircraft. Rubber life raft dropped to survivors by other planes and
vessels of Coastal Auxiliary Patrol proceeded to scene to rescue men.
Crew recovered by USS ^SC-6-34. NOTE: Crash not outright reported in ESF War Diary.
USN crash boat rescued crew of two.

Fairchild aircraft made forced landing, l8 miles south of Cameron, LA. Aircraft sank and
Pilot Taylor and Observer Kyom remained afloat in life jackets. At 1311 GWT, ComGulf
advised NAS Corpus Christi to dispatch planes to the scene. At 1458 GWT, Corpus
Christi advised that PBY sent to scene reported another CAP plane, Sikorsky amphibian
had accepted a rescue, but was itself sinking. At I 330 GWT inshore patrol craft
dispatched to scene. By 1619 GWT, two boats at scene; first survivor picked up by YP162; at 2l l0 GWT this boat also picked up the second survivor. Both men were
apparently dead but artificial respiration being applied. At 1750 GWT, both men from
amphibian were picked up and attempt made to two aircraft into Sabine Pass but sank
while in tow. Both Taylor and Koym declared dead.
Two aircraft flying overhead; YP-535 , CG-83001 , CG-41012 , and CGR-7010
dispatched to scene to pick up two crewrnen. USCG Douglas amphibian attempted pick
up but damaged float in attempt. CG-42023 picked up men at approximately 1550 EWT
and towed in amphibian.
Plane floated for 15 minutes, then sa*. CG-46028 , CG-46023 , CG-38034 and CGR2152 dispatched to scene. Second CAP aircraft remained on scene. OS2U-3, O-47,DB-y
also dispatched. Two crewmen picked up by USN PBY Mariner.

Aircraft with tail number NC-19490 crashed with Pilot Alvie P. Vaughn and Observer
Curtis P. Black. While on patrol, plane went into spin from 800 feet, and demolished as it
hit the sea and sank within 30 minutes. Sister patrol aircraft witnessed accident and
reported it to HQ. By 1900 EWT, USCG boat and Tyndall Field crash boat at scene.
Second plane stayed in area for 35 minutes after crash and reported no signs ofsurvivors.
On 6 Jan 43, Army Air Controller reported a12045 EWT that aircraft was a total loss and
no effort at salvage will be made. Wreckage in 132 feet of water and position not marked
because

ofheaw

seas.

Stimson Voyager had forced landing because of engine trouble. USCG rescue boat at
scene within 10 minutes. Pilot Charles Baner and Observer Harris Collier both recovered
uninjured. USCG attempted to tow plane, badly damaged, to shore and at midnight it had
been towed into shallow water. Salvase work planned.
Forced landing on island; aircraft overturned on landing. Damage not serious and no
occuoants iniured.

l5-Feb43

t220EWT

7 miles NW of Port Arthur, TX

CP-IO

l8-Feb-43

1300 EWT

5 miles east of Miami Beach. FL

cP-7

24-Feb43

1030 EWT

29.42N,81.05W

CP-5

26-Feb43

1235 EWT

29.32N,92.28W

CP-9

26-Feb43

1735 EWT

29.45N,88W

CP-I I

l5-Mar-43

1300

Ewr

26.3IN,82.20W

CP-I3

l9-Mar43

1727 EWT

37.55N,74.56W

CP.4

25-Aor43
l4-Mav-43

23.20N,93/4W

CP.IO

0950 EWT

No further details. CP-12 arransins for assistance.

CP.I2

28-Mav43 0610i29 EwT

12

miles due east of Indian River CG Station

cP-2

6-Jun-43

1909 EWT

29.16N,94.01W

CP-IO

28-Jul43

0920 EWT

25.40N.80.15W

CP-7

Stinson l0A with tail number NC-3942 crashed due to engine failure. Pilot and observer
;uffered only minor bruises.
Aircraft, BK-34, and crew of Lt. Eark Penn and Flight Offrcer Sanders picked upby PC1225.
Stinson B-10 suffered engine failure due to stoppages in the gas line. Tail number NC36733. Two crewmen uninjured in crash and waited in life raft for one hour. Recovered
by freighter S.S. Leland Stanford.
While locating a crashed bomber, CAP plane No. l0-23 while attempting a beach landing
overturned and was destroyed by fire. Occupants uniniured and recovered.

Aircraft reported missing and did not retum at 1700EWT. Initial position at24 miles, 170
degrees from Mobile Light, location of last radio message. Aircraft a Blue Beechcraft, tail
number NC-15402. A CAP airplane and two USN aircraft dispatched to scene of last
radio report to search. Results negative. At2025 EWT, NAS Pensacola reported oil slick
bearing 045 degrees from point of search. Two USCG boats dispatched to scene of oil
slick. On 28 Feb 43, YP-L60 found a half-submerged, partially inflated life raft in 20.06N,
88.01W. Extensive search of area made but no survivors found.
Aircraft, DH-3, crashed. Pilot Harry Woohams and Observer Harry Ackley in water in life
jackets, appeared unhurt. One plane standing by, two planes and crash boat sent to scene.
Survivors recovered at 1540 EWT. Wreckage of plane marked with two ring buoys in 15
feet of water at26.23N,81.54W.
Two CAP aircraft down; USS YP-355 , CG-79001 , PT-178, PBM Mariner and B-18
dispatched to assist. On 20 Mar 43, ESF War Diary reports one of two CAP aircraft towed
into Assateague Inlet; both crew members in good shape, plane slightly damaged. Other
aircraft and crew never located despite air and surface search.
Stinson, tail number NC-13463, crew of three, forced down in Gulf. Crew recovered by
USN vessel.

Both occupants in life raft. VS-36 aircraft circling; 2 amphibians, crash boat, CG-83370 ,
2 picket boats, and 2 search boats dispatched. Men rescued at0642 EWT by picket boat.
Forced landing in gulf. Two crash boats and Galveston and three craft from Sabine
dispatched to scene. Pilot and observer seen in rubber boat;2 CAP aircraft circled
overhead. By 0243 EWT on 7 Jun 43, reported that Pilot S.C. Evans and Observer R.H.
Winf,reld oicked uobv CG-8001I and brousht to Galveston.
Crashed in water one mile east of Chapman Field. Crash boat from the field rescued the
two-man crew. Rescue ooerations on Dlane underway.