File #322: "Civil Air Patrol League News March 1945.pdf"

Civil Air Patrol League News March 1945.pdf

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VOL. I,

No. 2

COPYRIGHT 1945 By ClYIL AIR PATROL LEAGUE, Inc.

M A R C H

1 9 4 5

C A P ' S WA R M I S S I O N S s t i l l
Official Commendations of the Work of CAP
dominate the organization and
Several phases of the work of
F o r a i d i n WA C r e c r u i t i n g i n
will remain uppermost till the
CAP recently have brought com- 1943, the Adjutant General relast foe surrenders.
mendatory letters and statements c o g n i z e d t h e w o r k o f C A P a s
Whether the job is a hazardfrom high-ranking Generals.
having "contributed materially
ous flight or a dull routine
For nation-wide assistance to t o t h e s u c c e s s o f t h e n a t i o n a l
chore, the men and women of
r e c r u i t i n g f o r t h e A i r C o r p s WA C r e c r u i t i n g p r o g r a m " .
CAP are putting their best into
Enlisted Reserve, CAP's biggest
war duties which include:
Another service which CAP is
assignment during 1943 and
THE PREFLIGHT RESERVE -- 1944, the Patrol was commended quietly performing is the gatherAmerica's only preflight reserve in a special letter by Brig. Gen. ing of AAF clippings every day
is the CAP cadet program build- W. W. Welsh, Assistant Chief of to send to air units overseas. For
i n g n o w t o a g o a l o f 2 5 0 , 0 0 0 . Air Staff, Training, on behalf of this, CAP was commended by Lt.
CAP is prepared also to resume G e n . H . H . A r n o l d , C o m m a n d - G e n . B a r n e y M . G i l e s , D e p u t y
nation-wide AAF recruiting.
i n g G e n e r a l o f t h e A A F.
C o m m a n d e r o f t h e A A F.
PREINDUCTION TRAINING -- T I M E TO R E C R U I T - - To b u i l d t h e C A P C a d e t p r o g r a m t o i t s
Thousands join the service each goal of 250,000 young men and women, first the local Squadrons
month, better prepared by CAP. r e a d y t o e x p a n d a n d t h e n e n t i r e S t a t e W i n g s h a v e c o n d u c t e d
SEARCr~ AND REscuE--Units i n t e n s i v e d r i v e s f o r c a d e t m e m b e r s a n d f o r a d u l t s c a p a b l e o f
in every State are ready to fly in i n s t r u c t i n g . G o v e r n o r s a n d S t a t e O f fi c i a l s , M a y o r s , C o u n t y
search of missing Army aircraft. Boards, police and school authorities, nearby AAF installations,
AERIAL HOME GuARtr---Units civic groups, radio stations, and the press have cooperated.
are ready also for disaster relief,
medical aid, forest fire patrol,
and other missions which conserve war resources.
WAR PLANTs--CAP industrial
squadrons in aircraft and other
war plants build employe morale.
WA R D R I v E s - - C A P b a c k s
campaigns for bond sales, blood
banks and recruiting.
VETERANS -- CAP units help
returned airmen get relocated.
In these and other ways, the
m e m b e r s o f C A P, w h o h a v e
enlisted for the duration plus
six months, are supporting the
war effort and building for the
future of elvil aviation and air
power in America.

Last month the Florida Wing
staged a preview of what may be
done in many other States. Several light planes carried a group
of CAP officers from city to city.

These U. S. Army Air Force photos
were ÷aken at Jacksonville where some
20,000 people flocked ÷o the Air Base.

Winter Missions
Ready the year round in every
area for emergency duties, CAP
performs some of its most dangerous and useful missions in the
winter when more Army planes
meet disaster in fog or icing
conditions; when snowbound
farmers need relief; or when
sudden thaws cause floods.
Week by week, CAP flyers
are called out under the provisions of the CAP Missing Aircraft Search Service whereby
any Army unit can ask the
nearest CAP unit for help. Most
of this work is in the mountain
and desert areas.
The snow and the thick ice
on the rivers are a serious flood
menace. Through February, intensive preparations for emergency flights, ground work, and
communications were being
made in Pennsylvania,. Ohio,
Iowa, and other States. There
are usually further missions when
the ice breaks up on the Great
Lakes. Then comes forest fire
patrol during the danger period.

Scuttlebutt
WANTED - News Material
Successive issues of the
League News will contain an
increasing variety of pictures
and short news items, in addition to the longer features
which will cover each of the
many activities of the Patrol.
All CAP units can help.
Stories must be of general
interest outside the locality or
state -- outstanding missions
or accomplishments of members or units; new methods or
ideas; and personalities.
Send pictures to illustrate
stories if possible. Pictures,
to be considered, must be
clear and sharp. They must
be action shots or must portray some phase of CAP so as
to give the League members
a better understanding of
what the Patrol is all about.
Intelligence and Public
Relations Officers and Detached Flight Leaders,
please note.

Every time there has been a
change in any phase of CAP or
even in the work of some of the
other air components of the war
e ff o r t , r u m o r s h a v e h a d i t t h a t
the whole Patrol was finished.
As the CAP Coastal Patrol,
the Southern Liaison Patrol, and
the Army Courier Service completed their vital work as the
temporary stop-gaps which they
were, even some who knew the
facts did not realize how the
rumors originated and thought
the whole show was over.
Due to similarity of initials,
every time the CAA War Training Service was faced with
curtailment, third-hand gossip
c h a n g e d t h e l e t t e r s t o C A P.
E v e n w h e n t h e WA S P s w e r e
disbanded December 21st, there
were tales to the effect that CAP
would terminate on that date.
The most recent rumor had
CAP ending on March 1st, when
the Tow Target Units were given
their honorable discharge. Meanwhile the Patrol goes right along.

CAP units, with the generous aid
of local doctors, dentists, and oculists, are preparing to
give physical examinations to all its 80,000 and more cadets
by July, to make these young people aware of any defects
which they may have. At left, some of the Denver cadets
get a going over.
PHYSICAL FITNESS --

FIRST AID -- With the help of the American Red Cross,
all CAP members check out in first aid courses to save
lives in emergency and to learn habits of safety. Many
CAP units have their own first aid squads, ambulances,
and dispensaries. Below, between the planes, is the medical
section of Missouri's 2nd Group, Kansas City.

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CAP LEAaUE NEWS

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CAP TRAINING AIDS
THE BEST

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L f . C o l . W i l l i a m M a s o n , Ve r m o n t W i n g C o m m a n d e r,
tries out the Navigational Cart, a device furnished to
many CAP units by the Navy.

PRACTICAL INSTRUCTION of senior and cadet members of Civil Air Patrol has
been implemented by a growing
variety of training materials and
devices distributed to local units
throughout the 48 States. The
typical CAP unit, whether in a
city or in a village, has its own
training center at a high school,
armory, or special CAP building
at the airport.
On the walls are large mockups of the dials of instruments
such as the compass and altimeter, and special devices for the

C o l . E a r l e L . J o h n s o n , N a t i o n a l C o m m a n d e r, a n d L f .
C o l . N o r r i s R a k e s t r a w, R h o d e I s l a n d W i n g C o m mander, inspect mock-up instrument.

teaching of navigation. In addition to the material furnished
b y t h e A r m y, t h e N a v y h a s
cooperated by supplying a large
number of its Mark IV Navigational Cart, powered by a
battery-driven electric motor.
Students under the hood "fly"
courses around the drill floors.
Each CAP unit has a library
of Army manuals covering many
subjects. Each State Wing has a
film library of reels and film
strips constantly in circulation
among the local Squadrons.
A large quantity of surplus

equipment such as obsolete or
instruments,
and accessories, is being made
available. Quantities of surplus
radio equipment also have been
shipped to the 48 Wings of CAP
to aid in this phase.
Instruction is given free by
members and other local experts
best qualified to teach the various
courses. Thus home-town talent
is being utilized to the utmost in
conveying aviation knowledge to
tens of thousands of future military and civilian airmen.

worn-out motors,

Girl cadets at Denver learn aircraft identification from
CAP Study Manual.
Wisconsin cadets at Truax Field receive lesson in power-plants.

[~I[ARCH,

1945

3

CAP Starts 'Em Flying
A PREVIEW of what the air age will mean in thousands of
localities where flying is yet to begin may be seen today at hundreds
of places where CAP has come to town.
CAP has shown that home town aviation may be supported as
a vigorous local enterprise, with no outside help whatsoever and
at no cost to the taxpayers, not only in big cities but in communities of 3,000 or less.
Since this has been done despite wartime shortages in manpower,
materials, and planes, it clearly proves that scarcely a village in the
United States need be without an airport after the war.
The Michigan Wing of CAP
was among the pioneers. When
members were denied the use of
their regular fields at Detroit,
they found a new site at Utica.
By the work of men and women
who came in from all parts of
the State, Wings Field was built
as an operations center. A barn
was turned into a headquarters.
A control tower was erected on
the gable. Meeting rooms and
even a photographic laboratory
were installed.
At Baltimore, when private
flying was grounded by the zone
restrictions early in the war, the
local Squadrons looked inland
for another field. They made a
deal with the city fathers of
Westminster. A hangar was
built from salvage material. The
railroad company donated three
carloads of cinders and all who
wanted to fly had to do their
stint with shovel and wheelbarrow.

LAST MONTH, under the
caption "CAP Kept 'Em Flying", it was told how CAP's
volunteers kept home-town
airports operating throughout
the war. Out of 1,600 fields
now open for civilian flying,
at least a third would have
been closed had it not been
for the Patrol.
Not content with merely
holding the line, CAP members have built no less than 81
airports, largely by their, own
labor, and have made major
improvements on over 100.
The Challenge of CAP
The larger cities, with their
greater resources, started the
movement but smaller communities soon followed suit. In Farmington, Mo., Marie Umfleet, the
county's first woman pilot,
joined CAP and spread the word.
Local converts started going 70
miles to Cape Girardeau for
flight instruction.

That was a year ago. Since
"young and old alike pursued the
challenge of CAP", as the Missouri Wing paper put it, Farmington, with a population of
3,700, now has an airport of its
own, more than 8 licensed pilots
at home, and scores on the way
to earning their wings. An oldtime CAP member has set himself up in business as an operator.
The sparks of aviation interest
kept spreading, for the Farmington Squadron established a Flight
at Desloge (population 1,400)
and helped it develop till it
reached full Squadron status (50
or more senior members) and
could operate on its own. Now
Farmington is lending a hand to
another Flight at Fredericktown
(population 3,400 ).
Some of the projects built by
CAP members during the war
already are repaying development expenses and are beginning
to yield a profit to the operators
who have taken over. The policy
of CAP is always to leave flight
instruction to commercial operators and never to compete with
private business.
In Auburn, Indiana, a city of
5,400, the airport manager had
been drafted and the owner
thought he would have to close
the field. Major I. W. Baldwin,
the CAP Group Commander,
took over and formed a management corporation.
A former Army instructor,
and later a returned Wasp, was

Airport in a Day
CAP members at Redmond,
Oregon, borrowed dirt-moving
equipment; brought their own
shovels; cleared two runways
through the sage brush; and
made their first landings on the
new field all in one day.
The picture is from a story
by Lt. Mary E. Brown, CAP, in
January, 1945, issue of Plane
Talk magazine.
4

CAP LEAGUE NEWS

employed for flight training. In
a short time, 76 students of ages
from 37 to 67 were signed up.
Tw o w a r p l a n t s b o u g h t c o m pany planes to speed the travel of
their executives. A thriving airplane auction business and a
parts sales business has been developed. This is on a turf field
of only 67 acres.
C a n Yo u D o a s W e l l ?
W h e n t h e c i t y o f A n t h o n y,
Kansas, was about to close its airport, Lt. Col. J. Howard Wilcox,
t h e S t a t e W i n g C o m m a n d e r,
rented the field so CAP members over the State could fly into
Wing Headquarters. Merely, as
he thought, to cover part of his
losses, he became an operator by
buying two planes and hiring an
instructor. Demand for training
was so brisk, that the field is not
only paying expenses but will be
an item in next year's income tax.
There are now 50 students at
Anthony and more are signing
up each week. Several have
checked out for their private
licenses and several youngsters
have been soloed on their 16th
birthdays. All this is in a town
of less than 3,000.
Now comes Franklin, North
Carolina, a town of 1,800 back
in the hills. Lt. Col. Frank
E. Dawson, the Wing Commander, went there not long ago.
Over one week-end, he organized a senior Squadron of 75
members and a large cadet unit
tied in with the local high school.
A site for a landing field was
bought immediately and local
merchants raised $75 for an air
marker. Already Franklin has a
designated airport and a hangar
is being built.
The communities that take
action now by making surveys,
buying land, and doing the preliminary grading so that light
planes can take off and'land, will
be in the vanguard of air progress
as soon as new planes and materials are available for civilian use.
MARCH,

1945

B E F O R E A N D A F T t m - - W h e n local CAP Flight cut off the hay
C l a r k s o n C o l l e g e a t P o t s d a m , to pay initial expenses. In a few
N . Y. , w a s g i v e n l a n d f o r a n weeks had leveled the field and
airport, it was thought that fly- started flying. Pictured above is
ing would have to wait till the a barn that they turned into a
war's end. But members of the neat hangar by their own labor.

Airports - How Many and Where?
Figures Show Importance of Rural Development
Most of the 1,600 airports now open to civilian flying in the United
States are adjacent to cities of 10,000 and over. Less than half the
nation's population is in these cities. Here are 1940 census figures:
500,000 or more
100,000 to 500,000
25,000 to 100,000
10,000 to 25,000
10,000 or more

14 places
78
320
665
1,077 places

22.4 millions
15.6
14.7
10.0
62.7 millions

Many of these cities will require more than one field. The total of
city airports should jump to 3,000 or beyond soon after the war.
Beyond this, the big need for development is in the cities of less
than 10,000 and in the open country where most of the people live,
as the census shows:
5,000 to 10,000
2,500 to 5,000
1,000to 2,500
under 1,000
rural territory

965 places 6.7 millions
5.0
1,422
5.0
3,205
10,083
4.3
-47.9
15,675 places 68.9 millions

Barely one in five of the 2,387 cities between 2,500 and 10,000
p o p u l a t i o n h a s a n a i r p o r t t o d a y, t h o u g h C A P h a s s h o w n t h a t
towns of this size and smaller can support their own fields even
under war conditions. Few of the 3,205 incorporated places of
1,000 to 2,500 yet have landing places.
If these communities are to fly, there is needed 5,000 more airports,
plus thousands in villages under 1,000, plus thousands more on
farms and at rural homes, plus seaplane landings on lakes and
rivers, plus flight strips and auxiliary fields at many other points.
The rural half of America can not take full part in aviation
until there are at least 10,000 rural landing areas instead of
a few hundred.
5

Para.Talkie

Snow Relief Flights

Michigan's 9th Group of CAP,
which goes in heavily for instruction in parachute rigging and
jumping, has found the answer
to the problem of 2-way communication between students in

Many relief and mercy missions were flown by ski-equipped
planes of CAP in upstate New
Yo r k a n d P e n n s y l v a n i a d u r i n g
January and February when
heavy snow over unusually long
periods, and lack of manpower
to keep roads open, caused acute
distress in rural areas.

Talking Down -- A jumper receives
instructions via ear phones and can
send through a throat mike to ask,
"Now what do I do?"

Outstanding service was performed by Lt. Louis A. Raub of
Erie, Pa., who made more than
5 0 flights in cooperation with the
Red Cross to bring medical aid,
food, fuel, and cattle feed to
stranded farmers. He flew five
persons to Erie hospitals and undoubtedly saved lives.
When Joyce Chichester, a 9year-old girl, was stricken with
appendicitis, Lt. Raub took off
and was at first unable to find
Ta l k i n g U p - - A C A P p a r a c h u t e i n her house due to poor visibility.
structor radios directions 1o a jumper
e q u i p p e d w l f h t h e M i c h i g a n Wi n g ' s So he landed and phoned to ask
her parents to build a big bonfire.
new Para-Talkie.
Thus guided, he came in to pick
the air during jumps and their
first aerial test was made by Lt. u p t h e g i r l a n d h e r m o t h e r i n
instructors on the ground.
time for an emergency operation
Ralph Berkhausen with Lt. James
Even after rigorous advance
which was successful.
Allen, Group Parachute Spetraining, a student during his
When the stork hovered over
cialist, on the ground mike. The
first jumps has to learn the hard
the home of Mrs. Charles Curtis,
way if he gets no advice on the s e t h a s p r o v e n a d a p t i b l e a s a the local physician was unable to
walkie-talkie for many purposes
way down. Directional loud
get through the snowdrifts. Lt.
speakers on the ground helped other than that for which it was
Raub made a night landing with
designed.
but were not enough.
an Erie doctor just in time to
So the Group pioneered and
deliver the baby.
developed a special radio tran- Welcome to Veterans
F r o m C o r n i n g , N . Y. , L t .
ceiver that would stand the shock
Every unit of CAP has been W i l l i a m S i m m o n s a n d F / O
of landing and would not be a a s k e d b y t h e N a t i o n a l C o m hazard to the jumper in any way. mander to call on all honorably Clifford Johnson dropped food to
A f t e r fi v e e x p e r i m e n t a l u n i t s d i s c h a r g e d v e t e r a n s f r o m A A F the snowbound home of Melvin
Canedy. His wife had managed
were built and scrapped, the deservice--including Wasps, Wacs, to get out to the road on snowvice was perfected.
a n d A r m y N u r s e s - - o n t h e i r r e - shoes made from barrel staves and
The entire outfit is in a metal turn home to welcome them and take in a small bag of corn meal
c a b i n e t 4 " x 4 " x 5 " . T h e a n - help them in any way possible. which was all the family of nine
tenna, of flexible braid, goes
M a n y a r e j o i n i n g C A P a n d had against starvation.
down to the jumper's boot. For a r e b r i n g i n g t h e h i g h e s t o r d e r
Other units in the Rochester,
sending, a lever is pressed.
o f e x p e r i e n c e i n t o t h e t r a i n i n g N . Y. , g r o u p w o r k e d
with
The device was developed by o f s e n i o r a n d c a d e t m e m b e r s . S h e r i ff s i n m a i n t a i n i n g radio
Radio Technician Eddie Pietrasik Membership in a local unit helps c o n t a c t . T h e y n o t o n l y took
under the supervision of Lt.
veterans form contacts quickly food to farmers but brought out
A r t h u r E . C o p e l a n d , G r o u p so they can find the kind of jobs d a i r y p r o d u c t s t o h e l p r e l i e v e
C o m m u n i c a t i o n s O f fi c e r. T h e they want, especially in aviation. city shortages.
CAP LEAoui~ N~ws

Bases both in the Eastern and the
Western Defense Command.
Precision flying of the most
exacting sort was called for and
THROUGH THE FIRE of ack-ack guns by day and through
the blinding glare of searchlights in the night, veteran flyers of the the men on the tow target bases
C A P To w Ta r g e t U n i t s h a v e l o n g b e e n s e r v i n g o n o n e o f C i v i l often faced serious hazards.
Air Patrol's least known missions for the Army Air Forces and
While no one was injured by
one of the most useful.
gun fire, one plane came in with
its tail wheel missing and several
Initiated to relieve Army planes and airmen for other duties,
jagged holes the size of baseballs
this assignment was completed on the first of March when the
in the fuselage.
AAF was prepared to take it over.

Tow Target Job Completed

The work was essential to the
training of gun and searchlight
crews not only for the defense
of our coastal areas but for the
sending of skilled crews to protect airfields and other military
installations overseas.
"All reports from the Army
units for which the work has
been done are commendatory,"
a c c o r d i n g t o B r i g . G e n . W. W.
Welsh, Assistant Chief of Air
Staff, Training. "Performance has
met the standards of the AAF
itself. It is a job well done."
Target towing was one of the

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Above, a Stlnson with sleeve target
reeling out for a run over anti-alrcraft
practice fire. Special reels were instaled by the Army. After trials for
the .SO calibre machine guns and 40
mm. anti-alrcraft guns, CAP towed
targets also for 90 and 120 mm. guns.

first volunteer missions of CAP.
Early in 1942, planes of the
Illinois Wing flew over the guns
at Ft. Sheridan with improvised
targets. This is believed to have
been the first time civilian aircraft were so used.
To w a r d t h e e n d o f 1 9 4 2 ,
regular tracking flights -- "dry
runs" for aiming practice -began in the East. A year later,
when the CAP Coastal Patrol
was terminated, a number of the
anti-submarine bases were transferred with their personnel and
equipment to several Tow Target

One pilot received a burst of
flak beneath his plane. After he
regained equilibrium, he could
see daylight through his wings
and fuselage, and found a sizeable piece of shrapnel imbedded
in his parachute seat pack.
The night work was nerveracking. Blinded by the beams
which probed to focus on them,
the pilots had to fly by instruments. Constant vigilance was
necessary to prevent going into
a dive or falling into a spin.
All told, CAP lost 7 men on
tow target and tracking. There
were 5 men seriously injured
and 23 planes were lost. More
than 20,000 missions totaling
over 46,000 airplane-hours were
flown.
These operations, at their
height, employed some 300 men.
Most were over-age or otherwise
disqualified for combat.

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Right, a banner target is painted
with caricatures of Hitler and Tojo to
provoke straight shooting by the gunners. The Stinson Reliant behind it saw
service in CAP's antl-sub patrol.
The pictures are from an article by
Lt. John C. McGee, CAP, in the
February, 194S, issue of SKYWAYS
Magazine.
MARCH, 1945

7

The Civil Air Patrol League is a non-profit, non-partisan membership organization formed to support the program of Civil Air Patrol, an auxiliary of
the Army Air Forces.
Permission is granted to reprint or quote from this publication.

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League Pamphlet Available
An 8-page pamphlet, the cover of which is
here illustrated, has been prepared to explain in
a few words the purpose of the CAP League and
of the CAP program which it is seeking to aid.
Friends of CAP can help the program by writing the League office for a supply of the pamphlet
and of the League membership application card.
Give this literature to friends; mail it with
letters in your regular correspondence. Let's build
League membership fast.
Every League member will receive the monthly
News so as to keep informed about CAP and thus
be a strong booster for the organization.

Civil Air Patrol League
5 4 5 F I F T H AV E N U E
N E W Y O R K 1 7 , N . Y.

~lace
Stamp
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