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CAPNews-JUN1979.pdf

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New System Will

Streamline Cadet
Contract Processing.
MAXWELL AFB, Ala. -Effective July 1, National Headquarters is streamlining the
cadet contract processing
system.
Individual contract completion
will no longer be recorded at
National Headquarters -- only
milestones in the program. The
individual units -- squadrons,
flights, etc., -- will keep track of
individual contracts on a CAP
form being developed and
printed here.
Unit commanders will not be
bothered with the frequency and
cost of sending individual contracts to National Headquarters
when completed. Rather, when
Phases I and II combined -- contracts 1 through 7 -- are completed, the CAP certification
form will be sent to National
Headquarters. Assuming names
and dates are correct, the cadet
will receive the Mitchell Award
if otherwise eligible.
Another CAP form for Phase
III will be sent in when a cadet
completes that phase. The cadet
will then receive the Earhart
Award. The third and last form
w i l l a p p l y t o P h a s e I V. W h e n
received at National Headquarters, it will be recorded,
thus making the cadet eligible to
test for the Spaatz Award.
In addition to these three

milestones, the other two events
to be recorded will be the encampment required of the cadet
before the Mitchell certificate

can t)e awarded, and the Spaatz
Award when testing is
successful.
The new system puts the
responsibility of recording individual contracts on the unit
rather than on National Headquarters. Specific instructions
on exact procedures will be sent
direct to each unit with new
forms during the month of June.
The new system will be far
less costly for the units and the
individual cadet. Only three
mailings will be required to get a
cadet through the program versus the 15 individual contracts in
the past. Study materials for
REPORT TO CONGRESS -- Senator Strom Thurmond of South Carolina receives a copy of the
Phases III and IV will be mailed
Civil Air Patrol's Report to Congress from Cadets Joe Collins and Linda Folsum of the Gemini
out in one packet at the beginning of each phase at the cost of $6
2 Cadet Sq. (National Capital Wing). Wing cadets recently delivered copies of the report to the
for each phase.
offices of senators and congressmen, and to the offices of the President and Vice President.
ii
Currently, cadets pay $3 for
the materials for each of the
eight contracts in Phases III and
IV for a total of $24. The savings
under the new system will be
one-half (50 percent). Of course,
ribbons and grade insignia will
have to be purchased separately
as in Phases I and II.
All in all, the new system
should allow cadets to progress
through the cadet program
without any processing delays
and at a substantial reduction in
overall cost.
Watch for instructions on implementation and transition dur-:'~ =~ ISS
M A X W E L L A F B , A L A . 3 6 11 2
JUNE 1979
N~0009-781 O) VOL. II, NO. 6
ing June. Read, study and un- ..........

CIVIL AIR PATROL

k City Th i s I Th PI
For CAP National Board Meeting

d e r will bed our a t m a t e opera- b e c a u s e : S I L
that s t a n t h mode of r i a l =
a
t
a
tion starting July 1 of this year.

i

e

S A L T L A K E C I T Y, U t a h - "This is" the place!'! So said
B r i g h a m Yo u n g i n J u l y 1 8 4 7
when he and the Mormon
pioneers he was leading first
looked down into the valley of
the Great Salt Lake.
This year, Salt Lake City is the
place, too, for Civil Air Patrol's
annual National Board meeting
and it is not too early to make
your plans to be there. Many CAP
members plan their vacations to
include participating in the
National Board meeting.
Principal activities of the
National Board and the seminars
and committee meetings held in
conjunction with it will be on
Friday and Saturday, Sept. 28
and 29. Activities will end Saturday night with a prestigious banquet.
As previously announced, the
headquarters for the annual affair will be the Hotel Utah which
is located on Temple Square in
the heart of the city.
Temple Square is the headquarters for the Church of Jesus
Christ of Latter Day Saints
(Mormon). Here is found the
famed Mormon Temple and the
equally famous Mormon Taber-

CADETS !
CALL TAKER -- Capt. Walter Shank of the St. Paul Comp.
Sq. (Minnesota Wing) gets a helping hand from a friend in
answering the phone during a recent telethon. CAP members
from the area squadrons volunteered to take part in the annual membership drive for a local educational television
station. (Photo by 2nd Lt. Elizabeth Berrinberg)

Air Force Brig. Gen. Paul
E. Gardner, CAP Executive
Director, gives you the lowdown on what your Mitchell
Award can mean to you. See
Page 14.
|

:

s

nacle with its world-renowned
choir and huge organ.
Salt Lake City is one of the few
modern American cities where
it is safe to walk around downtown at any time of the day or
night.
In addition to the Hotel Utah,
two other hotels will also be used
this year, as noted, to house CAP
members attending the annual
meeting. These are the Hotel
Utah Motor Inn and the Temple
Square Hotel, all located within
one block of each other.
Elsewhere in this issue of the
p a p e r, w e a r e r e p r o d u c i n g a
coupon for your use in reserving
a room for the National Board
meet in September. When you
mail this coupon, you should indicate your choice (first, second,
third) of the hotel you prefer. A
complete schedule of rates
appears on the coupon.
This coupon should be mailed
to the Hotel Utah, P.O. Box 2040,
Salt Lake City, Utah 84110 -NOT to National Headquarters.
The Hotel Utah features full
hotel facilities, including free inr o o m m o v i e s , c o l o r T V,
restaurants and shops.
The newly completed and
elegant Grand Ballroom will be
the location of the annual CAP
banquet.
There are three restaurants in
the hotel. The finest of these is
the Roof Restaurant with a specta.cular view of the city, Temple
Square and the State Capitol. In
the lower lobby are the
Crossroads Restaurant offering

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e

complete meals and the Bowl
and Basket for fast snacks.
The Hotel Utah Motor Inn is
one-half block away and features
a heated swimming pool, color
T V, f r e e i n - r o o m m o v i e s , g i f t
shop, restaurant and other
modern facilities.
The Temple Square Hotel, one
block from the Hotel Utah,
features color TV, gift shop and
swimming pool privileges at the
Hotel Utah Motor Inn.
Included in the various
seminars and committee
meetings will be those relating
to the following: Chaplain
Program, Communications,
Aerospace Education, Training,
Cadet Program, Finance, Inform a t i o n , O p e r a t i o n s / S a f e t y,
Emergency Services, Personnel,
Legal and Inspection. A complete schedule of these meetings
will be published in a later edition of this paper.
Other details relating to the
National Board meeting will also
be published later.

News ... 13
Recruiting Campaign... 3
SAR People ......... 7
Sclia¢ .t.wards ......
11

PAGE TWO

CIVIL AIR PATROL NEWS

JUNE 1979

~i~ii¸ ~i~

Aerospace Education Congress
ATLANTA, Ga. -- The 29th National
Congress on Aerospace Education was
held here April 5-7 at the Atlanta Sheraton
Hotel.
The congress, sponsored by the Civil
Air Patrol, the Federal Aviation Administration and the National
Aeronautics and Space Administration,
included workshops and seminars on such
subjects as women in aerospace,
aerospace education games for the
classroom, hot air balloons, boomerangs,
the National Air and Space Museum's
education programs, model rocketry and
many other topics.
Many organizations had exhibits, in-

cluding the Academy of Model
Aeronautics, the Alabama Space and
Rocket Center, CAP, FAA, NASA, and
others.
Jack Lambie spoke on the Gossamer
Condor, which performed the first
successfully sustained maneuverable
human-powered flight.
Air Force astronaut Maj. Frederick
Gregory made a special presentation
also.
Winners of the Crown Circle Awards for
outstanding aerospace leadership were
Dr. Frederick Tuttle, Dr. Mervin K.
Strickler and Dr. Emmett A. Betts.

...... i i i~! ~

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Maj. Frederick D. Gregory, Air Force astronaut, left, Gary Bauman and
Kamal Naguib, president of the World Aerospace Education Organization, inspect an exhibit at the Alabama Space and Rocket Center exhibit.

J

/i~i? i¸
Lt. Col. Ronald Pass of Air University, left, Carol Hickson and Dr. Ted
Colton, codirectors of the mini-congress talk about helicopter construction.

Dr. Paul E. Garber, left, receives a portrait from Air Force Brig. Gen. Paul
E. Gardner, executive director of Civil Air Patrol.

Lt. Gen. Ira C. Eaker, USAF Ret., right, receives a portrait from Brig. Gen.
Thomas C. Casaday, national commander of Civil Air Patrol.

Women on the aerospace panel were Diana Abramson, left, Dr. Kathy
Sullivan, center, and Mary Anderson.

NevadaSen. Jack Schofield makes a point dur,
ing the aerospace education workshop directors
symposium.

Jack Lambie talks about the Gossamer Condor,
Kremer prize winnerof the first human powered
flight.

Maj. Gen. Ralph S. Saunders, commander of the
Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Service,
addresses the group.

CIVIL AIR PATROL NEWS

JUNE 1979

PAGE THREE

Recruiting Campaign Paying .Off
By RENOVA WILLIAMS
Director, CAP Personnel
National Headquarters
MAXWELL AFB, Ala. -- Civil
Air Patrol's big national
recruiting campaign is paying
off! And, as the campaign goes
into its final weeks, the competition is really keen.
Several wings are vying for
the top spot, with Puerto Rico
and Florida in front with the
most new members recruited.
Wyoming is challenging Puerto
Rico for the highest percentage
of new members recruited, with

Florida, New Mexico and
Hawaii close behind.
In the cadet category, Puerto
Rico is out front with the most
new cadets. However, Nevada is
ahead in the percentage of new
cadets.
Top wings in each region for
total new members recruited as
of April 30 are as follows:
Highest Number:
Northeast Region -- New
York;
Middle East Region -- North
Carolina;
Great Lakes Region --

Michigan;
Southeast Region -- Puerto
Rico;
North Central Region -Missouri;
Southwest Region -- Texas;
Rocky Mountain Region -Colorado;
Pacific Region -- California.

Southeast Region -- Puerto
Rico;
North Central Region -Missouri;
Southwest Region -- New
Mexico;
Rocky Mountain Region -Wyoming;
Pacific Region -- Hawaii.

Highest Percentage
Northeast Region -- Rhode
Island and Vermont;
Middle East Region -National Capital;
Great Lakes Region -- Ken'tucky;

These statistics apply only to
new members recruited so far in
the campaign, not to overall
membership growth. Several
wings -- Kentucky, Nevada,
New Mexico, Florida and Alaska
-- are making great strides in

Region Plans
Staff College
In Roanoke

Dalton To Speak
To NSC Students
MAXWELL AFB, Ala. -- The
Air Force's highest-level information officer will be a guest
speaker here July 2 at Civil Air
Patrol's National Staff College.
Re is Air Force Brig, Gen.
H.J. Dalton Jr., director of the
Secretary of the Air Force Office of Information. As such, he
oversees all Information
Program activities in the Air
Force.
Gen. Dalton will speak to CAP
members at the staff college on
the importance and activities of
the Information Program, a
vitally important function in a
non-profit, volunteer organiza-

t/on such as Civil Air Patrol.
Gen. Dalton is the first person
to reach general officer level in
the Air Force Information
Program career field.
The National Staff College will
begin July 30 and run through
July 7 at facilities of Air University here. CAP members, staff
members at CAP National Headquarters here and personnel
from Air University will help
conduct the intensive eight-day
course.
Nearly 100 senior-level CAP
officers,~ including wing and
region commanders, are expected to attend.

Helping O t h e r s Way Of Life S PA AT Z AWA R D - - G e n . C h a r l e s J . Yo u n g J r. o f t h e N e w
Jersey Air National Guard, left, presents the Gen. Carl A.
F o r Niagara F r o n t i e r Mender
paa,zComp. rSq.t(NewaJersey Wing). J . S m i t h o f t h e P i n e l a n d
Aw a d o C d e t W i l l i a m
B U F FA L O , N . Y. - - C a p t .
Richard Franclemont, senior
programs officer and search
mission pilot for the Niagara
F r o n t i e r G r o u p ( N e w Yo r k
Wing), believes in helping
people.
He is a safety officer at the
Roswell Park Memorial Institute. Since he started working
there a year and a half ago,
Franclemont has become involved in helping others in ways that
go beyond his appointed duties.

Re has become a regular contributor to the Plasmaphersis
Center, donating blood platelets
on an average of once every nine
days. He recently made his 55th
donation.
The platelets are a component
of blood and-can mean the
difference between life and
death for some patients with
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leukemia and related illnesses.
Such diseases often destroy the
patient's normal bone marrow
that produces platelets, leading
to profuse bleeding and
sometimes life-threatening
hemorrhages.
Franclemont is also a stand-by
donor at the Leukapheresis Unit
at Roswell Park. There he
donates, when needed, white
blood cells. Since these cells cannot be stored but must be used
almost immediately, donors
never know when they may be
called upon.
His "help others" attitude
meant working Christmas Day
so a fellow officer could be home
with his family.
"This was a break for me,
because I got. to help the nursing
staff on one floor prepare a
special dinner for their
patients," he said.

. . . . . .

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overall growth which will pay otf
in WEEP points. However, the
recruiting campaign is geared to
recognize the most outstanding
recruiting efforts during the
period of the campaign.
Statistics are not yet available
on top squadrons and individual
contestants, but it is still wide
open. So, don't let up. The final
weeks will determine the
winners!
And don't stop recruiting efforts when the campaign ends !
Gen. Casaday's challenge still
stands: "Everyone recruit one"
-- by June 30!

Cadet William J. Smith
Earns" Spaatz Award
BRICK TOWN, N.J. -- Cadet
William J. Smith of the Pineland
Comp. Sq. (New Jersey Wing)
has received _the Gen. Carl A.
Spaatz Award
The award was presented in
special ceremonies at Georgian
Court College. Gen. Charles J.
Young Jr. of the New Jersey Air
National Guard made the
presentation to some 200 friends
and relatives in the auditorium
of the Arts and Sciences
Building.
Smith has been active in Civil
Air Patrol since 1974. He attended various schools and en~
~

campments, including the
observer school, leadership
school, ranger school, observer
training school and solo encampment where he had the highest
scholastic marks awarded He
recently obtained his private
pilot license.
Last year he went to Great
Britain in the IACE.
He has accepted an appointment to the Naval Academy. Be
also received a nomination for
the Coast Guard Academy.
Smith is a senior in high
school, graduating this month.

ROANOKE, Va. -- The Middle
East Region will hold its staff
college July 8-14, 1979, at
Roanoke College, Salem, Va.
Col. Barbara Morris, director
of the college, said, "The
curriculum is comparable to
management seminars conducted by business and industry.
Some companies and government agencies have authorized
educational leave for students
attending the college and have
recognized the college as part of
their employees' professional
training."
The staff college, a part of the
senior trainingI program, is
designed to prepare members to
better accomplish their duties
and responsibilities associated
with Civil Air Patrol command
positions.
The curriculum emphasizes
leadership, management, human
behavior and communications
skills. Seminar problems
challenge participants to apply
the concepts introduced during
lecture sessions.
Total cost for the school is
$78.50, which includes
registration, room and board.
Air Force Brig. Gen. Paul E.
Gardner, executive director of
Civil Air Patrol, will be guest ofhonor and speaker at the
school's dining-out and will present diplomas at the graduation
ceremonies.
Persons planning to attend the
staff college should submit their
applications on CAP Form 17 to
their wing headquarters as soon
as possible. The applications
should then be forwarded to Col.
Barbara Morris, 10316 Armory
Ave., Kensington, Md. 20795.

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PA G E F O U R

C I V I L A I R PAT R O L N E W S

JUNE 19,~.

Executive Director's Comments

Members' Legal Liabilities
By PAUL E. GARDNER
Brigadier General, USAF
Executive Director

member's personal liability
where the individual has no
authority to incur that liability.
For example, someone assumWe are living in a litigious
ing liability under a contract
society. To sue and be sued
that was not approved by the
sometimes seems to be a way of National Headquarters and
was not executed by a corlife. As members of Civil Air
Patrol, you are rightfully conporate officiai. In a CAP wing,
cerned over your legal liabilithe commander is the only official who can bind the corties while engaging in the
po~'ation.
Liability insurance must
humanitarian missions of
protect the corporation and its
members' legal liability arisCAP. Thousands
ing out of corporate activities.
of words have
been written on
For instance, assume a senior
member pilot was flying an
what to do, when
to do, and how
authorized CAP mission, but
to do, but very
was not an Air Force-requested
little on what happens when an search and rescue mission.
accident occurs. As your ExThen upon landing, he taxied
ecutive Director, I join CAP
into a fence causing hundreds
of dollars damage. The corBrig. Gen. Casaday with
mutual concern over the wellporation's liability policy
being of all our volunteer
would reimburse the owner of
members, and your concerns
the fence for any damages to
are ours.
the fence. However, if the pilot
were injured, the corporation
Civil Air Patrol reflects this
official concern by carrying
would not have covered him
liability insurance to cover our with accident o~.medical in-members while engaging in ..... s ~ d r a n c ~ r r i e s n o n e o n - =
authorized activities. These acits senior members; and, of
tivities could include operating
course, the corporation does
corporate-owned equipment,
not carry physical damage inattending meetings, or parsurance for member-owned
ticipating in special events of a
aircraft.
purely Civil Air Patrol nature.
The cost of these types of
The corporate insurance
coverage would of necessity
coverage does not cover a
either cause an unacceptable

increase in dues, or force
severe limits on national programs such as IACE. But,
senior members may avail
themselves of a group policy
for accident and medical insurance as fully described in
Civil Air Patrol Regulation 9008,
Take another example of
protection extended to CAP
members. When a senior
member is traveling to or from
or participating in an Air
Force-authorized search and
rescue mission, he or she is
considered an "employee" of
the federal government for the
purposes of the Federal
Employees' Compensation Act.
Until 1956, a CAP senior
member had no compensation
available to him if he Were injured while performing these
missions. While these benefits
are based on a fixed monthly
"pay" of $300, a percentage of
which is paid to the member
for compensation or death
benefits, medical expenses
maybcpaia_.'..~ - - ~- :- -:
der this Act are adjudicated by
the Department of Labor.
To counteract any hardship
encountered by the member
while waiting for a claim to be
processed by the Department
of Labor, the corporation hasadopted a "Hardship Fund"

program. Upon application.
any member may receive an
interest-free loan from the
National Treasury, until such
time as the compensation from
the Department of Labor
begins. This fund is not intended to be a gift, but a loan to be
repaid to the National
Treasury.
It would be impossible to
cover every contingency and
for this reason claims are
always decided on their own
merit on a case-by-case basis.
I have not tried to give you a
complicated dissertation on
liability or insurance coverage,
but a simple overview of what
is available to you as a member
of Civil Air Patrol.
We are fortunate to have
legal officers assigned to most
of the regions, wings, and
units. These dedicated lawyers
donate their time to assist in
resolving any legal problems.
Get to know your legal officer.
He is knowledgeable in the
law.~af_th,~_~)_~)o ~ .... hi,,*, .....
. . .
. .
wing .opera,s and. he. can help.
y o u . F u r t h e r, q u i t e o f t e n
questions regarding legal
liability can be quickly
answered by your legal officer,
and all of us at the National
Headquarters are always glad
to assist in any way possible
with your problems.

~'~'~:~:~:~:~:~:~'~:~:~:~:::~:~:~:~'~:~:~:~:~:~'::~:~:::~:::::::::::::::::::::::::~:~-'~.~:~.:'~:~'~:~'::~:~:::~:~:~:~:~'~.':':~:~:~'::~'~'~:~'~'~:~:~:~-'~-~-.~::~:~'::~'~::'~'~-.:~:~.~.~.~:~:.-:.-:-.:~.~:~::-..-.~:;:::~..~:::~::.'~.~::.-.:~:~:~:~::'~.~:~.:.~:~:~.':'~::'~:~::'::~:~::.::~:~:~:~'~'~'::~:::~:~:~:::~'-~:~:::::~:~::::::

No Survivors Found A t Wyoming Crash Scene
DOUGLAS, Wyo.--The pilot
and three passengers aboard a
twin-engine Piper Seneca
chartered from a Casper, Wyo.,
firm left Casper at 3 p.m.,
March 27, bound for Afton, due
w e s t n e a r t h e I d a h o b o r d e r.
Weather was windy, gusting to
50, and a winter storm watch
was in effect. Heavy clouds lay
to the south paralleling the
flight path. There was five hours
of fuel on board for the hour
flight. The pilot had filed a company flight plan.

At 5 p.m. the company was
notified that the plane had not
reached Afton as scheduled. They
launched an unsuccessful route
search and ramp check. The
E LT h a d b e e n r e m o v e d f o r
maintenance and not replaced.
After the unsuccessful company
search attempt, the Wyoming
Wing was called in.
By 10 a.m. the next morning,
10 aircraft, one helicopter and
two ground teams were dispatched. The winter storm
watch was still in effect but

Uniform Important Identifier For Searchers
R E N O , N e v. - - T h e N e v a d a
Wing commander recently called out the Washoe Jeep Sq. to
find an activated ELT south of
Carson City where it had been
located by a CAP aircraft.
Tw o u n i t s a r r i v e d i n t h e
suspected area in blue and
yellow vehicles and in uniform.
They found a civil defense
worker in civilian clothes with
an improvised direction finder
who was trying to get a response
from a suspected house, according to SM Bob Deckwa.
A pilot's wife came out of a

house across the street and said,
"I think I have what you are
l o o k i n g f o r. " T h e E LT, w h i c h
was lying on a desk, was shut'off.
The incident points out the importance of looking official, said
Deckwa, because the pilot's wife
recognized the vehicles and the
uniform of the CAP members
and put two and two together.
That was the second find in the
same week for the squadron.
Members had previously found
and deactivated an ELT at the
Minden Airport 60 miles south of
Reno.

weather was still safely flyable
until mid-afternoon.
The Salt Lake center radar
tape recording showed that there
was an echo matching the time
and speed of the missing air-

craft. Contact ended near the
Wind River Mountain range
which had been cloud covered all
day.
Weather was due to clear over
the mountains by the third day.

The find was reported at 8:45
a.m. at the 13,000 foot level.
There were no survivors. The
pilot was a professional with
nearly 3,000 hours who frequently flew this route:

Greek Parliament
Members Visit
Charlotte Unit
CHARLOTTE, N.C.--Three
members of the Greek parliament were recent guests of the
llth Air Rescue and Recovery
Cadet Sq. (North Carolina Wing)
here.
Nicolas Kaiteziota, Dimitrios
Voudouris and John Zafiropoulos
were on a tour of six American
cities. They were hosted by
Charlotte's Greek-American
community for a three-day visit.
During their visit to the squadron's headquarters at Charlotte's
Douglas Airport, they were
briefed on search and rescue
techniques.
The Greek parliament
members were accompanied by
Emmanuel Kalamidas, first
secretary of the Greek Embassy
in Washington.

N a t i o n a l C o m m a n d e r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Brig. Gen. Thomas C. Casaday, CAP
E x e c u t i v e D i r e c t o r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Brig. Gen. Paul E. Gardner, USAF
D i r e c t o r o f I n f o r m a t i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M a j . T h o m a s F. F i t z p a t r i c k , U S A F
.
E d i t o r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .MSgt. Hugh Borg, USAF
Civil Air Patrol News (ISSN 0009-7810) is an official publication of Civil Air Patrol, a
private, benevolent corporation and auxiliary of the United States Air Force. It is published
monthly at $2.OO per year at Headquarters, Civil Air PatroI-U.S. Air Force/OI, Building 714,
Maxwell AEB, Ala. 36112. Civil Air Patrol membership dues include subscriptions to the paper.
Editorial copy should be sent to:
HQ. CAP-USAF/OIIN
(Editor, Civil Air Patrol News)
Maxwell AFB, Ala. 36112.
Civil Air Patrol News does not publish any commercial advertising. However, it does publish
official notices from its own Education Materials Center (Bookstore).
Opinions expressed herein do not necessarily represent those of the U.S. Air Force or any
of its departments, nor of Civil Air Patrol orporat|on.
Second Class postage paid at Montgomery, Ala. 36104

POSTMASTER: Please send Form 3579 to HQ. CAP-USAF/DPD,
Maxwell AFB, Ala. 36112.
VOLUME 11, NUMBER 6

JUNE 1979

CIVIL AIR PATROL NEWS

JUNE 1979

PAGE FIVE

Repeaters Link
Ohio Locations
By SM BRUCE KEPES
Ohio Wing
In this article, the final installment of the series, we take a
look at the proposed Ohio Wing
VBF communications system.
The map shows the proposed
locations of repeaters in and.
around Ohio. There are four in
West Virginia, five in Indiana
and, I believe, one near Lexington, Ky. The lines extending
from repeater to repeater are
the UHF "link" paths with the
patch distance shown in statute
miles.
Last month we discussed linking and how it works. A few
questions have come up, such as
can we link into Indiana and
West Virginia? Do we need a
separate beam antenna for each
link? Where is equipment for the
link system coming from? What
are we going to do about interference from base stations in
one area keying a repeater in
another area?
Let's start by answering the
last question first. A repeater is
now operational in Lima and
Black Hawk 911 is hearing Red
Fire (Indiana) stations on a
regular basis through the
repeater. The repeater i¢ Lima
has an excellent receiver and the
Red Fire (base) stations with
good antennas inadvertently
"key up" this repeater.
The same problem existed in
Indiana but was very simply
resolved by the use of a sub-

audible tone system. These tones
are used in commercial radio
systems and are known by
various names, such as Private
Line, Channel Guard, Quiet
Channel, etc. The necessity of
using a tone system is explained
in CAPM 100-1, chapter 10,
paragraph 10-5, section E.
A subaudible tone for radio
communications means a frequency in the range of 67 Hz
(cycles) to 203.5 I-Iz. Even
though the human ear can hear
these tones, they are called subaudible because the typical twoway radio audio amplifier is
limited in frequency response
from 300 Hz to 3,000 Hz, which is
the nominal human voice range.
There are 32 standard
separate subaudible ones used in
radio communications. To prevent your signal from keying up
or turning on a second repeater
one of these tones is generated
electronically within your transmitter. The tone is electronically detected at the repeater
receiver in your area and turns
the repeater on.
Each repeater within the interferring range of other base
stations uses a separate subaudi-

ble tone to turn on the repeater.
Ft. Wayne uses 127.3 Hz for this
purpose.
How does a mobile unit from
Cincinnati traveling in the
Dayton, Lima or Ft. Wayne area
use the repeater in that area?
Each repeater is equipped to
detect two separate tones, all
handheld and mobile units will
use a 100 Hz tone to gain access
to the CAP repeater system All
repeaters will eventually be
equipped to detect two subaudible tones, one that all mobile units use of 100 Hz and another for
base stations in the primary
coverage area of the repeater.
Under no circumstances will a
base station use 100 Hz. For purposes of general information, the
repeaters in Indiana use these
subaudible tones for base station
access: Anderson 114.8 (2A),
Washington 110.9 (2Z), Crawfordsville 123.0 (3Z), Plymouth
118.8 (2B), Ft. Wayne 127.3 (3A)
and Columbus 103.5 (1A). All
also continuously decode 100 Hz.
Chicago uses 107.2 (1B) with 100
Hz for mobiles. To use your
mobile in Indiana or Illinois, you
must also use a 100 Hz. subaudible tone.
Where does CAP obtain the
equipment to put this system
together?
This is the most difficult question of all. Do you know anyone
using a commercial radio
system in the VHF hi band
spectrum who is planning to
purchase new radios? Would
they be willing to donate their
old radios to CAP in exchange
for a letter stating they had
donated equipment worth X
number of dollars to a nonprofit
organization? This letter could
then be used to verify a
charitable contribution at income tax time.
How about a National Guard
commander who needs some
items CAP owns and would be
willing to trade excess communications gear for it? Or a
local Civil Defense organization
who may be willing to trade
some of their excess items with
CAP?
What it amounts to at this time
is that each group is going to be
responsible for the repeater in
its area.
Do we need.a separate beam
antenna for each link? The
answer is, "Yes", except at
Belfontaine where we hope to
use an omni-directional antenna,
thanks to a suggestion from
Bruce Spacer, Gray Hawk 916.
The Indiana and West Virginia
DOKs have been contacted and
plans to request link frequencies
for them made.

OHIO REPEATER SITES -- Locations and ranges of future CAP repeater stations in Ohio are
shown on this map. When completed the system will provide coverage for virtually the entire
state.

,liant Rescue Effort Fails
TUPEI~..~MJss,--R~
to a six-yeav-~Id boy's urgent
pleas for help, 2nd Lt. Bobby
Barnes, Tupelo Comp. Sq.
(Mississippi Wing) recently
found himself suddenly and unexpectedly making use of the
CPR training he recently recetv'ed through CAP.
But he was unable to revive
two drowning victims whose car,
a small station wagon, plunged
off a rain-slicked bridge on
Highway 371 near Matachie,
Miss., and landed upside down,
completely under water. The car,
en route to Sunday morning
church service, contained a 26-

Maine Cade ts A ttend
Weekend Workshop
LISBON, Maine,--Maine Wing
cadets recently attended a
statewide cadet workshop, according to Cadet Nicholas
Cimato of the Auburn Comp. Sq.
(Maine Wing).
The workshop is held every
year and is designed to help
cadets improve in drill and in
knowledge of Civil Air Patrol.
The workshop began Friday
night with check-in and assignment of quarters. The rest of the

Stines Wins Best Reporting Award
BOSTON, Mass.--Deputy
commander of the Cape Cod
Comp. Sq. (Massachusetts
Wing), 1st Lt. Michael H. Stines,
who is also information officer
for the unit, recently received
two awards from the
Massachusetts and Rhode Island
Associated Press Broadcasters.
The first award was for "Best
Enterprise Reporting in
Massachusetts and Rhode Island

during 1978" and was awarded
for a broadcast entitled "Best of
Spotlight, 1978." The show's
guests were the former governor, the present governor, the
lieutenant governor, and the two
Massachusetts senators.
The second award was for
"outstanding cooperation to the
Associated Press and its
members during 1975." It was
shared with James K. Wilson,

year-old mother and her two
children a t~ear~old" girl
and a six-year-old boy, said 2rid
Lt. Clay Stevenson, squadron
spokesman.
The boy was apparently
thrown out of the car as it left
the road, after which the door
reclosed behind him, trapping
the mother and daughter inside
the car. Swimming to shore and
climbing up to the road, the
young boy ran for help until he
was picked up by a passing car
that carried him to a group of
nearby houses where he related
his story to the residents.
Barnes, one of those residents,

news director for WCOD-TV.
The award was called the
"Membership Cooperation
Award Massachusetts and
Rhode Island" This was the second year that Stines and Wilson
have won this award.
Stines has been the information officer for the squadron
since 1976 and deputy commander since 1977.

evening was devoted to getting
acquainted.
Saturday started early with a
mile run. Throughout the day,
cadets attended various classes,
including customs and
courtesies, physical fitness and
moral leadership. Time was also
allowed for a leadership seminar
and talks by Air Force personnel. Drill, both instructional
and practical, was also on the
agenda. The day closed with
films and a snack.
Sunday was also a busy day.
Cadets who wished attended
church services. They later
heard a talk by the Dirigo
Rangers, about search and
rescue work. There was also a
cadet advisory council meeting
followed by a critique of the
workshop.
The day closed with a competition drill, the highlight of which
was a drill down between female
and male cadets, which ended m
a tie decision.

rushed to the accident scene and,
finding himself the first one
there, dove without hesitation
into the murky water and found
the overturned car immediately.
Being unable to see in the
dark, rain-swollen stream, and
going strictly by sense of touch,
he first located the baby girl, unconscious and carried her to
shore. Then, turning around and
making a second dive, he found
the mother, also unconscious,
and brought her to shore too.
Then he attempted CPR on
each but was unable to revive
either one. It was later determined that both victims had
been submerged for almost 30
minutes in the small car with no
air left inside.

For the benefit of all
members of Civil Air
Patrol, the statistics for
1979 for search and rescue
activities throughout the
organization are shown
below.
These are unofficial
figures, compiled by the
Directorate of Operations
at CAP National Headquarters.
As of May 13,1979
Number of Missions...385
Number of Sorties .. 4,030
Flying Hours ....... 8,022
S a v e s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
F i n d s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .177.

CIVIL AIR PATROL NEWS

PAGE SIX

JUNE 1975

Way Back When

ABBE LANE and Xavier Cugat meet with members of New York Wing's Westchester Group
and Squadron 16 of the Canadair Wing during the first Canadian exchange with the group.
Photo sent in by Lt. Col. Alan F. Pogorzelski.

WOM-EN'S~PROGRAM DIRECTOR Col. Frances W. Nolde
of Reading, Pa., a CAP member since 1942, poses with her
Navion during a visit to Wyoming. Photo sent in by 1st Lt.
Lee Hines.

I
........ .....

1951 SARCAP at the Mahlon-Sweet Airport near Eugene, Ore., where registration of incoming
CAP pilots and observers is taking place. Photo sent in by the Ft. Vancouver Comp. Sq.
(Washington Wing).

COMMUNICATIONS POST -- Oregon Wing cadets and
senior members set up a communications station during
CAP flood relief operations at Vanport in 1948. Photo sub-

GEN. JAMES DOOLITTLE shows a fighter plane to CAP
members in Newark, N.J., in 1956. Photo submitted by Lt.
Col. Robert Q. Tiedje of Ft. Myers, Fla.

\

MORSE CODE CLASS -- CAP Squadron 621-3 of Waukesha, Wis., posed for a photo on Feb. 4,
1943, during a code class. Photo sent in by Maj. Serene Oberg.

CIVIL AIR PATROL NEWS

JUNE 1979

PAGE SEVEN

Who's In Charge On A Mission?

By ROBERT MATTSON
Lt. Col., USAF
HQ. CAP-USAF
First, Edwin T. Howard Jr.
would like to credit Bruce
G o r d o n f o r t h e E LT- D F
material published in the April
"SAR People" column.
Who's in charge on a mission?
Well, that depends on who
authorized the mission, who has
the legal responsibility for the
mission and who's paying the
bills. CAP can get involved
in many ways.
First, and most common, is
through a Rescue Coordination
Center (RCC). The RCC will call
the CAP only if the responsible
state agency wants CAP. This
may be done by RCC/State
Agreement or on a case-by-case
basis.
If CAP is activated, CAP is
working for the Air Force (under
the direction and control of the
RCC). The Air Force supports
the CAP with liability protection, with medical coverage, as
well as with some fuel and communication expenses. Because

the Air Force assumes the
liability risk for CAP's actions,
the Air Force must have final
say in what the CAP does. The
RCC will never tell CAP what to
do, they only ask for your support.
But, the RCC may tell CAP
what not to do. The Air Force is
responsible for your actions and
they must have control. Many
states have state and local agencies responsible for coordinating
missions, and the CAP should
work with them. CAP is supporting the state and local agencies while under the direct control of the Air Force. CAP must
follow the directions of the RCC
if they are participating with Air
Force authorization.
Do you wonder why CAP is not
involved in more disaster relief
work? The main reason is that
before the Air Force can
authorize CAP involvement,
local and state resources must
be exhausted. This means that
the local community should
attempt to help itself and then
look to the state for support. The

Th
:~:~ e CAP is working for the Air mission under one of these,
agreements CAP must be
Force assisting state and local
officials.
responsive to the authorizing
agency.
CAP can become involved in
missions without Air Force misOn a SAR or DR test who is in
~
sion authorization if the wing charge? I'll give you a clue. Who
commander authorizes wing inauthorized the mission and who
volvement. However, the wing
is evaluating the activity? That's
commander should carefully
state should ask for federal
right, the USAF liaison office.
consider the hazards and ex- The region or wing LO is in
assistance only when the state
can no longer cope with the
penses to wing personnel since charge and must make the final
the Air Force is not providing decision concerning the mission.
emergency using state
resources.
liability, medical, or reimburseI hope this has helped clear up
ment coverage. If the state
If the CAP receives an Air
some questions you had concernprovides these coverages for
Force mission number (from an
ing CAP's authority when on
participating CAP members, the
Air Force (RES) headquarters,
various missions. While CAP is a
wing commander may offer the
see CAPP 355-1), CAP is convolunteer organization, it is
state more services. Large
sidered to be a federal resource.
working under the protection of
numbers of CAP personnel
When the state makes a request
some other agency and must resshould not be committed to a
for CAP services, the AF(RES)
mission without some liability pond to the direction of that
headquarters asks the state if
agency. Of course, no individual
and medical support.
they have exhausted state
should ever feel obligated to perIn addition to the Air Force
resources.
form any mission she/he feels is
and/or state coverage, CAP can
In most instances the state can
receive similar support from the u n s a f e o r b e y o n d h e r / h i s
find alternate means of accapability. If you have any
Salvation Army and the
complishing the services that
further questions contact your
CAP offers. When CAP does
American National Red Cross.
wing staff or the liaison office.
provide unique services and
Review the national agreements
Keep up the good work. The
receives an Air Force mission
and discuss the details with your
country needs more people like
number, a relationship similar
local Red Cross and Salvation
you!
to the SAR mission will exist. Army officials. When working a

Five-Day Mission Aids Rain-Flooded Houston
HOUSTON, Tex. -- Heavy
rains and severe flooding in and
around Houston brought out
more than 60 members of seven
squadrons from Group 13 of the
Texas Wing to assist the Red
Cross in disaster relief.
During the five-day mission,
uAr- -pers6hnu~,- i,~e[il~¢l~s and"-

communications equipment
in their personal vehicles to
were used in helping set up
provide assistance. Mission base
emergency shelters, distribute
was established at Red Cross
food, give other assistance to the
headquarters in Houston, with
flood victims, survey flood
an additional communications
damaged areas and coordinate
base in the civil defense
county-wide relief activities.
~ ~ ~ s
c e n t e r .
Seniors and cadets braved high " ~ ~ o r h e " ~ S w n d u r i n g
water on foot, in CAP trucks and
the relief mission to carry a Red

Cross official on an aerial survey
street signs still visible above
the water indicated where the
of the affected area.
streets were supposed to be.
Some areas remained under
The group commander, Lt.
water for several days after the
rain ended. CAP members surCol. Danny Edwards, commendveyed those areas by boat. In
ed the hard work of the CAP
many instances, water reached
members, many of whom were
f o u r f e e t i n t o _ ~ fl o o r. ~ 0 f : ~ t h ° fi o l a ~ . . . . . ~ , ~ f t ~ fi v o
houses along the rivers. Only days the mission lasted.

CAP's S .A Presented
To Cadet Douglas J. Downey
MCCHORD AFB, Wash. -Cadet Douglas J. Downey, cadet
commander of the Washington
Wing's Eastside Emergency
Services Training Program,
recently received the Gen. Carl
A. Spaatz Award.
The award was presented by
Maj. Gen Lloyd W. Lamb. commander of the Washington Air
National Guard at a wing conference.
Downey, who turned 21 in
May, joined the Yakima Comp.

Sq. in 1973 and progressed
through the cadet program,
serving in many staff positions,
including cadet commander and
unit information officer. Last
summer he completed the
National Special Schools
Challenger Encampment that is
sponsored by the Washington
Wing. He has also been recorder
on the Cadet Advisory Council.
He now attends Eastern
Washington University at Cheny,
with a major in Business Administration.

Book Tells Of 1944 Rescue
In Mountains Of Vermont
MAXWELL AFB, Ala. -- A
Vermont native, Brian Lindner,
has written a detailed account of
a 1944 Civil Air Patrol search
and rescue mission, in his home
state and presented it as an independent report to the Waterbury, Vt., Historical Society.
When he was 16 years old,
Lindner came upon the wreck of
a B-24 while hiking on Camel's
Hump, a peak in the Green
Mountain Range. The plane had
crashed there while on a World
War II training flight from a
base in Chicopee, Mass.
Lindner was intrigued by the
wreck and dissatisfied with newspaper accounts or tales he

heard, so he decided to make his
own investigation into the accident. He began his research in
1976, completing it last week
with the writing of his report.
During the 20 months he worked on the accident story, he interviewed the surviving crewman, family members of the
persons killed in the crash and
participants in the search and
rescue, which included Civil Air
Patrol cadets and senior
members who found the survivor
and brought him to safety.
The report was privately
printed and distributed in
numbered copies to persons involved in the search and is not
for sale.

SPAATZ AWARD -- Cadet Douglas Downey, center, cadet commander of the Washington
Wing's Eastside Emergency Services Training Program, receives the Gen. Carl A. Spaatz
Award from Maj. Gen. Lloyd W. Lamb, left, commander of the Washington Air National
Guard, as Lt. Col. Ted A. Tax, Washington Wing commander looks on.

New Yorkers Receive Meritorious Service Award
A R D S L E Y N . Y. - - F o u r
members of the Westchester
Group of the New York Wing
recently received the
Meritorious Service Award in
ceremonies conducted at the
Westchester County Airport.
Lt. Col. Johnnie Panatelli, a
36-year CAP member received

the award for her contributions
to aerospace education by initiating a Girl Scout aviation
program. Lt. Col. Albert H.
Treiber, a 25-year CAP member
who is air operation officer,
received the award for the group
for his contributions to the cadet
flying program.
Maj. Matthew Zuccaro, a

former cadet and 15-year
member, was given the award
for his contributions to the cadet
flying program. First Lt.
Dorothy Pogorzelski received
the award for her contributions
as the coordinator for women on
the Canadian Air Cadet exchange program and for her services as group finance officer.

/llIIl/tJlfJ'/Jll[l[lIl[l[lIlllllllllllllll[IFIr J I
NUMBER 6

E D U C AT I O N . . . .

EROSIPACE EDUCATION TO BE HELD IN
I O N A L c o N G R E S S ~NarcAh 1980 the National Congress on Aerospace

1. THE 198u r~&,
O R L A N D O , F L O R I D A . Ye s , 2 7 - 2 8 - 2 9
Education will be held at the Court of Flags Hotel in Orlando, Florida. This promises to
be an outstanding site for the congress. One exciting event witl be the tour of the Cape at
or near the time when NASA is expecting the shuttle to be launched Who knows the two
may coincide. Also, this year in Atlanta we had our first meeting with CAP Aerospace
Education Officers and Aerospace Education WorkshOp Directors. These meetings proved
roups. plan to highlight - " we have invited Paul Garbeneficial to all concerned Next year we Another hold these meetings again with added
we feel will be Dr. Astronaut
hese two important g ....
_
nf narticular interest
on space and aviation,
emphaSis on t~ as our keynote spea~et, v ~
Alan Shepherd

graduate of tb: 7, .
munications at ".~..,
Command and ~_o_
During the inter:.tact Maj Fitzpat:'L,

~!i
iii!!ii
::::::
~iiiiii
::-:':

HQ CAP-USA.~
Maxwell AF8 ....

i:i
:'::!R:
~i!
::
i::
i

If you need t~ -~

5. NEWS ANYO~
squadrons, includ--..,
group or wing) te, ,
to publish all of ~ _,~
But make it real n.-,

bet's participation as the moderator of be in the mail in August Registration fee for 1980
will a heritage segment
$ 4 5 . 0 0 t h e r e a f t e r. H o t e l r a t e s a r e a s
Our pre.registration brochure
will be $40.00 if registered by 1 March 1980 and
follows: Single $29, double $37, triple $42; and quad $47.
It is not too early to start making your plans Also now is the time to begin to prepare
education and Civil Air Patrol personnel with an aerospace interest to attend.
the country for a program of
g e t h e r " 600 u s700y teachers, rchoolr administrators, " i ~
from - d to t r
l e a d e s f ° m a c r ° s : educa~_ ......
he~'@~e insights can be gmne6~
~al~pspe~c°n ress brings to
"~
inspiratio

r e l e aHQ s t o :
s e CAP-USAF ,

(InformationMaXwellIf you ne
are part of the IO kxand the le
__

.~AP-_USAF/OII.
--F OK line KXEt t-T*

FOR SLS REPORT TO TTN. The current be forwarded to publiWEEP criteria CAPcriteria expire indefinitely 1 July 1979.
2. cONTINUED NEED
schools
cation specifies that squadron leadership school attendance rosters
t region command "will submit a request for
after conduct of such programs. WEEP
ers
U S A F / T T N _ , ~ A D U 5 0 - 1 7 .r e q u i r e s t h a . . . . . u r r i c u l a o f s q u a d r o n l e a d e r s h i p
P a r a g r a4-3 d. e, .win,'- m p a m e d b yschedule anu ~ .
p h . . . cco
a . . . . ~,~ to justify fundmg.
allocation ot iuna~, a ...... " to CAP-USAP/l t t',
planned for the current y .......

TRAINING __

.
ER, Lt t
Director of Administ

As an absolute requirement for standardization of senior member Level II training,
CAP.usAF/TTN must know these things concerning squadron leadership schoOls held by
regions and/or wings
a.
b.

Curriculum.

c.

~ -

Dates or training.

Names of graduates,

SPECIAL NOTICE

SPECIAL

The Civil Air Patrol Bookstore
inventory and audit during the
diploma form must also beleadershiP school graduates,
standardized- Certificates

shL
school project officers
. . .The squadron, e n t a ~ e n o t . . . . .ck of
. . m n l i s l l l n leadership^, consideredSCh°°l adequate_for asqu~d.ronsch°°l diplomas and will Send
o x ~ / T T N h a s a n a m p l e " ~ " ; r o g squadron. ~. .... leadershiP advance notice please,
r aornto. . . .
r
squadron i r t y d a y s
, Th
CAPdirectors of
above to
t h e se to wing ~,od based senior predicted enrom-~ ....
.
_
upon
in advance uL .....
cAPM 50-17 will be amended soon to require submission of the information
CAP-USAF/TTN" This is not seen as an added report; rather it is consolidation of reports
required by two separate directives, one of which becomes obsolete shortly Wings that
plan schools prior to changes to cAPM 50-17 are requested to order diplomas and suPPTII~

made.Durings a n tperiod t e d t h a t i t
I f i thisit i c i p a no vouchers
period of time, care should be ex
mailed to permit processing by t
We regret that this is necessary hc
} audit requires that this procedure 1
SPECIAL NOTICE
S P E ~

TTN the above three items.

R e p o r t - " C o r r e c t e d C o p Y:
t
p E R O N ,E E D E O A P R I L S M T L R. .Semor Member Tr.a~_mgo, to us by CAP units. We
.. .
S N L
;,, many correcuon~ .... as a ~esult of the change
v which occurred
can run it.
3. CORI~CT .... ~TI.R does not co,L .......
program error
The end ot Apru o, ....
DPD
found the problem - - a minor utility
in computers. You will receive a corrected copy of the SMTLR as soon as we

..BULLETIN' IS

A
ME
NSOV~ICIAL N N o ucAP N T S
A,.L N C EE.BE~S'
. .........

................... .......

I N T E R I M

IlrtlM TEll:' II

,,,.., -...- ,.,.

"" "
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c A P p U B L I C AT I O N '
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c H A N G E S T O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
~.:~i:i~i~i~i:+:.:.~i:i~i:i:i:i:i:i;.~.;.~z:~:;:~:;:;:~;:::~:~:~::::i:i:i:i:i:i:i:i:~:i:i:;:~:

IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII

One way new pilots gain experience is to observe
experienced pilots. This is usually not a bad idea,
assuming the experienced pilot is a good pilot. There
are times, however, when new pilots can learn the wrong
lesson - - even from good, experienced pilots. I observed
an example of this recently at a local civil field.

National Headquarters now has a new, permanent Director of
F. F i t z p a t r i c k . " M a j F i t z " i s a n a t i v e o f N e w Yo r k S t a t e , a
nformation School, the Air Force Short Course in Public Comrsity of Oklahoma, the Squadron Officers School and the Air
ge. He replaces Lt Col Herbert A. Babb who retired last fall.
1 Arthur W. Ahl has served as the director. If you need to conaould write to him in this manner:

The weather had been IFR all morning and three
local aircraft owners were huddled around the coffee
pot. All three were planning VFR cross-country flights
in the same general direction. One of these persons was
the local, venerated, old-head (LVOH). The other two
were relatively new pilots (RNPs). One had a fresh
private certificate, the Other had about 150 hours and
had just begun his commercial and instrument training.
Between calls tt) Fright Service for the latest weather
guess, the RNPs were listening to the LVOH tell his
most interesting flying tales.

im by telephone, you can reach him at (AC 205) 293-7593. OII
J Air Patrol News is always in need of interesting news from local
Why not make it a habit to send news about your squadron (or
fficial newspaper often and regularly. We probably won't be able
;, but we are interested and we will publish as much as possible.
people across the nation will be interested in. Send your news

Eventually, LVOH got what he needed from Flight
Service. The weather enroute and at destination was
VFR, just barely VFR.
LVOH announced he was
departing and mentioned that his route was over flat
terrain, the weather was improving (or supposed to),
and there were numerous civil and private airports
along the route. There were also a couple of Flight
Stations, FAA towers, and an Enroute Flight Advisory
Service Station (EFAS) to provide weather information
during the flight. Well, that sounded good to the RNPs,
and they departed soon after the LVOH.

a writing news releases, read and study your CAP Manual 190-1
lbook), the pamphlet "Handy, Dandy Guide to Newspapers,"
atrol News Guidelines for CAP Information Officers." All these
h you should have and which are available free of charge from:
I1AFB, AL 36112.
OII

The following list of Daired frequencies is provided to allow DME equipped aircraft to use
the DME function of TACAN's not collocated with a VOR.
VOR
TACAN
VOR-IL$
TACAN
Frequency
Channel
Frequency
Channel
MHz
MHz
108.0
108.1
108,2
108,3
108.4
108.5
108.6
108.7

E

SPECIAL NOTICE

)e closed for the annual
25 June - 5 July 1979.
be processed or mailing
ill be needed around that
to insure that orders are
akstore prior to 25 June.
the annual inventory and
awed.
SPECIAL NOTICE

108.8
108.9
109,0
109.1
109.2
109.3
109,4
109,5
109.6
109.7
109.8
109.9
110.0
110.1
110.2
110.3
110.4
110.5
110.6
110,7

17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44

110.8
110.9
111,0
111.1
111.2
111.3
111.4

IR FORCE

45

49

111.5
111,6
111.7

52

111.8
111.9

46
47
48

53
54
55
56

112.0
112.1
112.2
112.3
112.4
112.5
112.6
112.7
112.8
112.9
113.0
113,1
113.2
113.3
113,4
113.5
113.6
113.7
113,8
113.9
114.0
114.1
114,2
114.3
114.4
114.5
114,6
114.7
114,8
114.9

11111111111111111

57
58
59
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
8J
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96

VOR
Frequency
MHz

TACAN
Channel

115.0

97
98

115.1
115.2
115.3
115.4
115.5
1t5.6
115.7
115.8
115,9
116.0
116,1
116.2
116,3
116.4
116.5
116.6
116.7
116.8
116.9
117,0
117.1
117.2
117.3
117.4
117.5
117.6
117.7
117.8
117.9

99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126

4~" ~ours' expenenee a~¢~6kmg at weai~n~
of hours in IFR conditions, and the option to file IFR
enroute, if needed, without declaring an emergency. To
paraphrase an old saying, what's good for the goose may
not be good for the goosling.
This story has a surprise, but happy, ending. In the
time it took to do an oil change on my Cessna, LVOH
returned and reported that weather enroute was really
"grungy." The RNPs apparently pressed on and landed
somewhere. At least I think they did, because the news
media didn't mention any aircraft accidents (they
never miss one) and the local Civil Air Patrol didn't
launch. I noticed a few days later that the weather
hadn't improved and the RNP's parking spaces were
still empty. Hope they enjoyed the bus ride.
Story from "Flight Safety"- HQ A TC
Randolph AFB, Texas
written by Capt Kirkwood

CIVIL AIR PATROL NEWS

PAGE TEN

JUNE 1979

Cadets Nominated To Academies
MAXWELL
AFB,
Ala.--Several Civil Air Patrol
cadets have received recent
nominations to military
academies.
Cadet Greig Glover of the Lincoln Cadet Sq. (Nebraska Wing)
received a nomination to both
the Air Force and the Naval
academies and said that "it's a
tough decision" to decide which
one to accept. He decided on the
Air Force Academy.
Glover has been a CAP
member since 1974 and is cadet
commander of his unit. He
recently earned his pilot license.
He graduated from high school
last month and will enter
summer cadet training at the
Academy this month.
Cadet Simon D'Amico of the
West Bay Comp. Sq. 110 (California Wing) was accepted by the
Air Force Academy. He was
recently named outstanding
cadet for 1978 by his squadron.
He learned to fly on a flight
scholarship and got his license
last November on his 17th
birthday.
He was nominated to the
academy by Congressman Peter
McCloskey.
Two members of the Phoenix
Comp. Sq. (Maryland Wing)
have received academy

M E D A L O F VA L O R - - A i r F o r c e B r i g . G e n . P a u l E .
Gardner, left, executive director of Civil Air Patrol,
presents the Silver Medal of Valor to Capt. Lawrence C.
Miller of the Tampa Cadet Sq. (Florida Wing) for saving the
life of a boy and a girl who were trapped in a car under 12
feet of water.

Miller Awarded Medal
For Saving Life In 1959
TA M PA ,
Fla.--Capt.
Lawrence C. Miller, Tampa
Cadet Sq. (Florida Wing), was
recently awarded the Silver
Medal of Valor for a life-saving
action that took place in 1959.
Miller was working on his boat
_l~mt inl~. ~ ~.n,,hi,~.
ramp. Her husband was in the
boat on the boat trailer and two
children were in the car with
her.

go under a couple
was able to keep the g~l~
above water: ~~s
wife out of the car in the meantime.

predict the grid locations of both
simulated targets. Mission aircraft found the targets using
computer data.
The computer program for
search and rescue was
developed by Lt. Col. Joseph
Bondurant, senior mission coordinator for the wing, and 2nd Lt.
Wayne Hatch, data processing
officer for the squadron.
Bondurant said, "Use of the
computer represents another
tool to use in our mission. Maybe
one day we will be able to use a
computer to actually find a real
aircraft crash and save the lives
of the people on board."

m m m m mmmmm NN mmmm mm m mm __ m mm m mm |

" - ....... ---,- .........

"

CLIPPER.-

THE

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PLEABE ~END MI~ ___EOPIE5 oF T,~HOT ROE1< &LIDE AT~I"/.~E EACH - PLIJS $1.80 FOR-I-5T. CLASS PQfTADE,P PAr'KA~INE.-- FLORIDA RfffilDEI'IT5 ADP q~ STATE- 5ALE5 TAX-

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BOOKEjW1AIL THIS EUPON TO WRITER,EARVOONIST

PRINT

pointments to the Air Force
A c a d e m y. T h e y a r e C a d e t
James Bierstine Jr. and Cadet
Joseph Perez.
Bierstine has been a CAP
member since 1977 and is taking
flight training. Last summer he
served as page for Congressman
Benjamin Gilman.
Perez, a CAP 'member since
1974 is also taking flying
training. He also received an appointment to West Point.
Cadet Mark J. Abbott of the
Lane County Comp. Sq. (Oregon
Wing) was nominated to the Air
Force Academy by Sen. Bob
Packwood and Congressman
J i m We a v e r. H e s e r v e d i n
several student positions at
South Eugene High School and
was active in varsity baseball
and football. He is a member of
the National Honor Society.
Cadet Kenneth C. Wright of
the Mahlon Sweet Comp. Sq.
(Oregon Wing) was nominated
by Congressman Jim Weaver to
the Air Force Academy. He is a
recent recipient of the Spaatz
Award and is cadet commander
of his squadron. Last year he
was awarded a $1,000 Daedalian
flight scholarship and now has
his private pilot license. He was
cadet commander of a wing encampment in 1978.

"All of a sudden I heard her
yelling that she couldn't stop the
HOToFF TH' PRES~-rOVER Ill IN [OkoR-A ~MILIbI'dA[K ELA551E BOOK- I IxS~'-I0q PAr~ES-I% EJ. ~iRIPScar and when I ran over there
the car was slipping into the
water," he said. Then he dove in
to the water and pulled the young
boy to shore. Then we dove back
into the water to rescue~__.

Computer Predicts Target
CHARLOTTE, N.C. -Members of the 111th Air Rescue
and Recovery Cadet Sq. (North
Carolina Wing) conducted an experiment in computer use for
search and rescue during a recent wing exercise.
The squadron's TRS-80 computer was installed at one of the
three exercise mission bases,
Lumberton, N.C., and
programmed according to
availabilities, weather status
and simulated mission data. The
base conducted two exercise
missions, an ELT search and a
search for a missing aircraft.
The computer was able to

nominations. Cadet Vicki Van
Duyl was nominated to the Air
Force Academy, and Cadet Alan
Alvey was nominated to West
Point.
Cadet Michael D. Rogers of
the East Providence Comp. Sq.
(Rhode Island Wing) was
nominated to the Air Force
Academy by Sen. John H.
Chaffee.
Cadet Jeffrey A. Jones of the
TAK Comp. Sq. (New York
Wing) has been nominated to the
Air Force Academy by
Congressman Jack Kemp.
Jones is the cadet commander
of his squadron and is a senior
at Williamsville South High
School in Amherst, N.Y. He is a
member of the National Honor
Society.
Cadet Thomas Silveria of the
Newport County Comp. Sq.
(Rhode Isalnd Wing) has been
accepted by the Air Force
Academy. He has been a CAP
member since 1978 and held
several leadership positions in
his unit. He has attended the
wing leadership academy and
type A encampment. He is a
senior at Portsmouth High
School.
Two cadets from the W. F.
Richardell Comp. Sq. (New
York Wing) have received ap-

ADDRI~B5
__ZIP

~ISEOUNT5-,..5" BOOK5 L£5~ ]..O %-TEN B0()lKfi Lf-55 3"0 %-TWENTY OR/VIORE LEfE ~0~o"
PLUS ..fHIPPlN~ COSTS-

Smilin ' Jack A dventure Now
Reprinted In Book Format
STUART, Fla.--Cartoonist
Zack Mosley, creator of Smilin'
Jack, is offering a new book for
sale, "The Hot Rock Glide,"
which is the most popular
episode from the Smilin' Jack
strips.
This sequence first appeared
in 1938 and 1939 and introduces
the characters Fat Stuff and
Downwind Jaxon. Many fans
have written Mosley asking him
to reissue that Smilin' Jack
adventure in book form.
"So here it is," says Mosley,
who has chosen to reprint the
cartoon strips in large-sized. 10 x

3 inch, format, just as they
originally appeared in newspapers, rather in smaller comic
book sizes. "I've put two of these
large prints on each page. This
enables the reader to follow the
continuity and suspense from
page to page, almost as if
reading the original story, day to
day, in newspapers," he said.
The Smilin' Jack cartoon was
retired in 1973 after a daily run
of 40 years.
Mosley is a charter Civil Air
Patrol member and is a colonel
with Headquarters Sr. Sq.
~ Florida Wing).

CIVIL AIR PATROL NEWS

JUNE 1979

PAGE ELEVEN

Grover Loening A ward
William A. Stnrn ........ 25001
James W. Reed ......... 25033
J. Weston Baker ........ 37202

Gloria Nault ........... 38001
Thomas R: Morris ...... 47013
Kelmer L. Freed ........ 47040

Paul E. Garber A ward
Ruth A. Bowman ........ 02050
Franklin R. Spitzer.
05030
Joseph Grnendner Jr ..... 11601
Philip R. Kircus ........ 16001
Fernand q ;. Webber Jr... 16063
Michael P. Miller ....... 18001
Vernon J. Miller ........ 25001
Gloria Nault ........... 38001
Donald R. Goss ......... 41133
Beauford W. Caldwell ... 42001

Elsie E. Caldwell ....... 42001
David L. Northcutt ...... 42001
Elizabeth Trout ......... 42001
Maureen T. Lehman ..... 45001
Paul C. Boss ........... 42096
Robert J. Peters ........ 42137
Eleanor P. Baker ....... 46001
Lon H. Miller ........... 46001
Evelyn O. Lundstrom .... 46001
James M. Hazelrigg ..... 47001

Gill Robb Wilson Award
Ruth J. Metcalf ......... 32001
......................
~
: , ~

~ ~4~.~

Earhart A wards--April 1979
Mark L. Chastain ....... 01005
Donald R. Kendrick . .. 03088
David L, Smith .......04151
James G Welliver ..
04282
Matthew L. Garrison
05147
Scot R. Browning ...
06073
David H. Humid
07608
John B. Hedgers ....
08089
Donald E. Robinson
08160
Matthew E Tobias ..
11074
Russell J. Wills .....
11205
John M. Thackston . .
12123
Dale L. Squire ... "
18069
John A Fandel .....
20260

David H. Anvid ......... 21016
Denise C. Buchholz ...... 22061
Fred d. Greenwood.
25045
Douglas W. Crowson .... 26019
Charles W. Fabijanic .... 29058
Clark D. Frederick ...... 290-58
James J. Bierstine Jr .... 31030
Jacky Francisque ....... 31188
Geoffrey J. Felder ...... 31228
Joseph M Stankus ...... 31333
Andrew E. Sizemore .... 32048
Michael L. Riddle ....... 32048
Martin K. Kemp ........ 32124
Paul L. Both ........... 37026

Michael F. Dibattista i... 37093
Paul R. Viens .......... 38012
John J. Broadmeadow ... 38012
Mahlon L. Smith ........ 41136
David W, Irons ......... 42076
Ralph E. Jones Jr ....... 42305
Robert SL. Hinderer . 42351
W.W. Edwards IIl ....... 45060
Robert E Collins ....... 45095
Timothy J. Taylor ............
Brian H. Won ........... 51014
Even Garcia ........... 52062
Jaime Muniz ........... 52079

Mitchell A wards--April 1979
Barry D. Cobbs ......... 03043 Daniel T. Walker ........ 21034
21116
C a l v i n E . G l a s s . . . . 04151 Max Roesler ....
Daniel J. Quade ......... 04180 Ralph S. Bopson ........22042
Shay A. Kumm ......... 04240 Mark W. Shepherd ...... 23094
Rodney C. Ballard ...... 25055
C.M Burkhard ......... 04282
Roque Estrada ......... 04292 Noel J. Ruggins ......... 28048
Richard C. Jones ........ 04412 Edward C. Beck ........ 29086
Greg W. Lair ........... 05021 Mark J. Moynihan .......29099
36012
J o e l R . F l o r e s . . . . . . 05068 Dana A. Dulabone
Wayne F. Baker ........ 05{)99 Charles P. Jackson ...... 31103
. . . . . Joha IL A~@A'~On.~_ ......... .ir~5~ Stephen D. Cross ........ 31135
mmanl~eA. MIll ...-..~'.7. i0700~ Mit¢.helll.Stern .::,~,~:. 31288
. . . . . . . . . ~ g ~ t t t ~ e V. . . . . . . . 07006 Henry E Stoll i ....i.... 3137,0
32019
bea n-~'7~.'Y~E*~-,- ~M~Ch~ J :~ To r r e n ee .....
Patrick S. Eagan ........ 08054
John H. Pharr . ~ ...... ... 32,111
Stephen R. Grissom ..... 08078
Timothy J. Grove ..... 32126
Michael P. McLaughlin .. 08116
William G. Datum .... 34037
Steven J. Meyers ..... 34070
Donna M. Milner ........ 08425
James R. Arnold ........ 09090
Myron R. Koyle It ..... 3C98
Robert S. Boskins ....... 09090
Diana L Henderson ... 34219
Thor Nelson ............ 11020 Michael E. Johnson . .. 37048
DavidM. Witt .......... 11205 RichardSchnurpfeil ... 37049
Joan E Bromberg ....37068
Robert L. Whiting ....... 112M
EricG. Howard ......... 11275 William H. Schwarz ... 37192
John V. Roman ......... 20007
Anthony W. Atkins .... 36075
Todd A. Lemke ..... 20119
Craig H. Livingston ... 41015
James M. Ogan ....... 41056
Robert A Burns ........ 20233
Timothy P. Crowe ...... 20240 Joe C. Meighan III ...... 41140

........................ ~

~!i
"

~

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

~ ~~

OHIO CHAPLAIN -- Canadian Forces Maj. Leo Lanthier, commander of the 51st Ottawa Optimist Sq. of the Royal Canadian Air Cadets, left, thanks Lt. Col. John A. McClure, Ohio Wing
chaplain, who has been working with the cadets while studying for a degree in Canon Law at
St. Paul University. The squadron gave McClure a certificate of appreciation for his work and
interest in the Canadian unit. MeChre will return to Ottawa to rejoin the cadets for the next
academic year in September.

Derrick N. Evans ....... 42098
Jon F. Gunlock ........ 42299
Lionel W. Maynard Jr .... 45025
Wesley D. Artrip ........ 45040
Mark W. Bowers .......-. 45117
Paul K. S0ssong ........ 46019
L . . . . . . . V. DudleyJ .... 47060
John T. Wickline ........ 47078
Jerome D. Frank ...... 48153
~
50017
William A. Oefelein
Russell W. Polsky ....... 56028
0randoRi ....
52035 ~ " .... ~" Fka --er
Fr~nciscoFi_._k~' ""i ...... ~ ....... ~ W , I ~ =
~ y

Over The Ocean

Miamians Fly Sunset Patrols
:

..... ~ . a '- . . . commanaer o~' me - " ' S ~
. . . . . . . " _ ' tam~am~ ~r.
sq/~7~]ie Miami sr_~-~q: from
~i~ ~°~i!= :: ::_ ~ .de~y~mde~Land holiday~in the Opa Locka Airport flies north
::::~
.:~ ~
late afternoofi'members of the
Ildef .... Ramq~r~e~ .':5~ :
Manuel A. Rivera ......52066 M i a m i .S ~ q : ~ a r - 7 - ~ r ~ '; : . . . . .we can cover more ocean
t ~ 7_' m Z:NorgeGome .......... 52066 Sq. (Florida Wing) make a
and see farther than
Delfin Velez ........... 52066
sunset patrol out over the ocean,
helicopters," he explained,
JesusO. Figueroa ...... 82160
Sidney Roman ......... 2t60 looking for stranded boaters.
5
When squadron patrols sight a
LuzM. Aeevedo ........ 52160
"We fly five miles out and as
boat in trouble, they call the
Eddie Ortiz ........... 52109
far south as Port Largo in the Coast Guard. Then the Coast
JoseA. Irizarry ......... 52109
Fernando i. Alvarez ....52111
Keys," said Capt. Ken Lifland,
Guard send out a boat to tow the
Vidal Montanez ......... 52111
small boat to safety.
"If we don't find the stranded
boaters before the sun goes
down, they're liable to be out
there all night. The boat may be
Guard, the mission was acCapt. August LevaI, observer,
taking on water and could sink
tivated early March 11. Four airspotted the missing boat uncraft from Oahu, one from
derway a mile south of
Hawaii and two from Maul
began to search their assigned Kaunakakai on the island of
Molokai.
areas.
KENSINGTON, Md. -- The
The search involved 20 CAP
Middle East Region has planned
personnel, one Air Force C-130
several summer cadet acA Maul CAP aircraft, piloted
and two Coast Guard C-130s.
tivities, according to Col.
by SM Larry Mathews, with
Charles X. Suraci Jr., deputy
:il! chief of staff for cadet activities.

Hawaii CAP Crew Locates Missing Boat
L A H A I N A , H a w a i i - - Tw o
members of the Maul Comp. Sq.
recently received credit for a
find that ended a search for a
trimaran reported missing en
route from Lahaina, Maul, to
Ala Wai Harbor in Honolulu,
Oahu.
After notification by the Coast

.

'

'

before morning " he said. "If ' '~
[heY are~ ~e Gulf Stream, they
would start drifting north and be
in real trouble.
Each pilot flies one or two
sunset patrol missions every
month.
The Tamiami Sr Sq. was
chartered about a year ago with
three members. It now has 22
pilots and six nonpilot members
who are all involved in the sundown patrols.
Frequently cadets and seniors
from other squadrons ride along
on the patrol flights.

Region Plans Cadet Activities

A Cadet Leadership School
will be held at Miller School in
Charlottesville, Va., Aug. 12-18.
The cost is $60:

ililii ?!

A Medical Services Orientation Program will take place at
Andrews AFB, Md., July 15-21,
costing $60.
Andrews AFB will also host an
Aerospace Orientation Program
July 22-28 that costs $60.
Apply to:
Col. Charles X. Suraci Jr., CAP
3906 Halsey St.
Kensington, Md. 20795

Civil Air Patrol News publishes each month a list of Civil Air Patrol
members who have died recently. Notice of death should be sent to the
Personnel Section of National Headquarters' in accordance with
Regulation 35-2, or to the National Chaplain's office -- not to Civil Air
Patrol News.,Listed are names, ranks, dates of death and CAP unit.
ABREGO. Gilbert F., Jr., Captain May 3,1979, Ft. Smith Flight, Arkansas Wing.
BAKER, James E_ Second Lieutenant, April 14,1979, Bishop Sr. Sq., Texas Wing.
CHRISTOFOLIS. William, Major, May 4,1079, Wyoming Wing.
FERGUSON, Lewis T., Cadet, May 1,1979, Gartex Comp. Sq., Texas Wing.
HUGHES, Alvin E., Captain, April 6,1979, Clark County Comp. Sq., Nevada Wing.
IRWIN, Allen D., Cadet, April 17,1079, Seminole Cadet Sq., Florida Wing.
McMURRAY, James E., Lieutenant Colonel, April 4,1979, New York Wing.
PBOTAS. Hillman, Second Lieutenant, April 1979, Delaware Wing.
ROERK, Victor C., First Lieutenant, April 9,1979, Headquarters Group 7, Indiana Wing.
STARIN, LaRnnda K., Second Lieutenant., Feb. 19,1979, Douglas Flight 93, California Wing.
" WAREBAM. Duane E., Lieutenant Colonel, April 14, 1979, Western Pennsylvania Sr. Sq., Pennsylvama
Wing.
WELLS. William A., Major, March 25,1079, Albany Group, New York Wing.

PAGE TWELVE

CIVIL AIR PATROL NEWS

JUNE 1979

CAP News
In Photos

CANADIAN THANKS -- Members of a group of Canadian
Air Cadets that recently visited Patrick AFB, Fla., present
a plaque in appreciation to Maj. AI Seeschaaf, Florida Wing
information officer.

WRIGHT REPLICA -- Col. Pearl A. Ward, right, commander of the West Virginia Wing, and
West Virginia Sen. Jennings Randolph inspect a model of the Wright Brothers aircraft. Ward
recently visited the senator, a long-time supporter of Civil Air Patrol and one of the original
signers of the bill incorporating CAP as the official civilian auxiliary of the Air Force, in connection with the recently reintroduced CAP Supply Bill.

EARHART AWARD -- Congressman Floyd Spence of South
Carolina, right, presents the Amelia Earhart Award to Cadet
Brit White of the Columbia Comp. Sq. (South Carolina
Wing).

FALCON AWARD -- Brig. Gen. Charles B. Jiggers, commander of the Northern Communications Area, left, presents Cadet Leslie K. Dowell, Rome Comp. Sq. (New York Wing)
with the Frank Borman Falcon Award. Dowell, former cadet commander of the squadron, is
now attending Ohio State University and is enrolled in Air Force ROTC.

FOOD DRIVE -- Cadets Paul Warila, left, and Doug Anderson of the Tualatin Comp. Sq.
(Oregon Wing) assist in sorting and boxing food collected during the recent Operation Second
Wind food drive in Portland, Ore. CAP cadets helped collect and sort the food, which will be
distributed to organizations assisting needy people. The week-long drive is a function of the
United Good Neighbor function in Portland.

RESCUE INSTRUCTION -- Cadets of the So~ Co~ty
Flight {Rhode Island Wing) receive training m first aid sad
rescue techniques from an emergency medical teclmiciaa 04
the South County Ambulance Corp.

JUNE 1979

CIVIL AIR PATROL NEWS

Northeast Region

Middle East Region

Cadet Scott Hartman of the BangorBrewer Comp. Sq. (Maine Wing) has been
named the recipient of the first annual
Caruso-Walker Solo Flight Scholarship
for the wing... Maj. Bruno Pellegrine
was recently presented a paperweight in
appreciation of efforts made in behalf of
members of Group 70, Pennsylvania
Wing... Members of the West Warwick
Comp. Sq. (Rhode Island Wing) attended
a tour and briefing on weather and traffic
control at their local airport... Southlake
Group (New York Wing)recently sponsored an American Red Cross multimedia course to update their emergency
services training. Participating in the
training were Capt. Clayton Murphy and
1st Lt. John Colelli. Horseheads.Cadet Sq.
cadets participating included Henry Stoll,
Ron Sill, Marty Dougherty, Roger Dean
and Jack Pease.
Maj. Charles Einholz, commander of
the Cumberland Comp. Sq. (New Jersey
Wing) recently presented a service award
to 1st Lt. Augustus DeFalco, a charter
member of the squadron organized in
1954. First Lts. Lois Thorp, Harold Thord
and Ann Daly also received awards for
their special efforts... Cadets of the
Burlington Comp. Sq. (Vermont Wing)
were recent guests of the Burlington Air
National Guard at ~'Operation
Raincheck" sponsored by the Federal
Aviation Administration.. . Twentyseven members of the TAK Comp. Sq.
(New York Wing) recently toured the
B u ff a l o I n t e r n a t i o n a l A i r p o r t a n d
witnessed an actual rescue call while
there... Second Lt. Cheryl Kent, a
.;,~n,ber of the South Hills Comp. Sq.
(Pennsylvania Wing) has completed the
Red Cross advanced first-aid course.
Members of the Pennsylvania Wing
manned the telephones in the operations
center during the Three Mile Island
emergency... While on a recent trip,
squadron commander Maj. Henry Becks
of Whitehall Exchange Comp. Sq. (Pennsylvania Wing), discovered six sets of
sisters in the car. The sets of sisters include 1st Lt. Bianca Rauch and Cadet
Carlene Rauch; Cadets Anne Blom and
Pauline Biota; Cadets Kerry Ann Houser
and Ollieann Houser; Cadets Pattie Mockbee and Georgianna Mockbee; Cadets
Lisa Derkacs and Laura Derkacs; and
Cadets Laura Baer and Paula Baer.

Cadet Sandra Dudgeon, a member of
the Portsmouth Comp. Sq. (Virginia
Wing), has been named the recipient of a
flight scholarship enabling her to receive
free flight instruction... Col. Charles
Suraci Jr., of the Middle East Region
staff, "was honored recently by the
Montgomery County Government Council
for his work with CAP... Maj. Joseph
Sansone, commander of the Portsmouth
Comp. Sq. (Virginia Wing) has presented
the mayor with a certificate of appreciation in appreciation of the city,s cooperation during the anniversary celebration.

PAGE THIRTEEN

Sq. (Florida Wing) members Don Barnes,
Richard Ferguson, Bennie Guardado,
Brian Honeyager, Julie Johnson, Ken
K i r k l e y, K e n M c C o n n e l l , R i c h a r d
Raychell, Doug Sena, Andrew Yon, Jerry
McConnell and Astrid Johnson have all
completed a standard first aid class..
Jacksonville, Florida's mayor Jake Godbold recently proclaimed the first Civil
Air Patrol day for the city. Group 2 commander Capt. Edward McLuckie received
the proclamation from the mayor's aide..
Hillsboro I Senior Sq. (Florida Wing)
received a four hour course on
radiological monitoring procedures by
the local Civil Defense. The class was instructed by John Hutchinson.

Southeast Region

Great Lakes

Black, and Jon Reed provided effective
crowd control and assisted pilots taxiing
aircraft to the runway.

Southwest
Region
Recently two officers of the special
warfare group of the U.S. Navy visited
the Albuquerque Comp. Sq. 3 (New Mexico Wing) to show films and lecture about
their program... Four members of the
East Bank Comp. Sq. (Louisiana Wing)
were recently promoted to warrant officer status. They are Holly Radecker,
Mike Theriot, Whitfield Clark and
Charles Bornstein... Members of the
Jersey Village High School Comp. Sq.
(Texas Wing) recently participated in the
March of Dimes Superwalk. The March of
Dimes has presented the squadron with a
plaque-for its assistance.

Cadet members of the Dannelly Field
Comp. Sq. (Alabama Wing) recently
attended a Type B encampment at Fort
Cadets John Hansen, Roger Branscum,
McClellan. Those attending included Kim
David Bradley, Randall Ross and Britton
B a h n e r, M i c h a e l B a r n e s , J a m e s
Richmond of the McCreary Comp. Sq.
Smallwood, Timothy Smallwood and
(Kentucky Wing) were presented their
Lewis Kirk. MichaelBarnes was named
achievement awards by squadron combest cadet NCO and Timothy Smallwood
Four Mile Hi Cadet Sq. (Colorado
mander 1st Lt. Jim Jeffers... Maj.
was named best basic cadet... Donald
Wing) members have graduated from a
George Young has been named comBliss, cadet commander for the Ocala
squadron leadership school held at Lowry
mander of Group 7, Indiana Wing, replacComp. Sq. (Florida Wing), has received
ing Maj. Joseph Gilkey who has been
AFB, Colo. Capts. William and Diana
the Boy Scout Eagle Award... Cadets of
Gentry and 1st Lts. James and Marsha
named senior training officer for the
the Panama City Comp. Sq. (Florida
wing... Dover Bay Cadet Sq. (Ohio Wing)
Songer completed the full four-day course
Wing) recently assisted the Salvation
in counselling, leadership, management
sponsored a recruiting booth for
Army at the site of a train derailment.
squadrons of Group 11 at the Cleveland
and job study... After three months of
Those cadets on the scene included
travel show... Cadet Catherine Dziendnegotiating with local officials, the comAngelo Williams, Jay Lynch, Tracy Allen,
mander of the Douglas Comp. Sq. (Wyomziel of the Troy Cadet Sq. (Michigan
John Stage, Mark Creamer and Gregory
Wing) has been named cadet of the month
ing Wing) Maj. Betty Cash, has secured
Williams.
operating facilities for the squadron in
and quarter for her squadron... Cadets
Group Four of the Florida Wing recentthe basement of the county courthouse. Paul Harris, Steven Gwozdek, Linda
ly staged a simultaneous display and
Philpot, Lisa King, Eugene McDonald
demonstration program at five of the maand Caroline Meek recently extended a
jor shopping malls in its area. There were
helping hand to muscular dystrophy by
displays and demonstrations in search
Members of Santa Rosa Cadet Sq.
collecting donations at two locations. The
and rescue, communications, the~
cadet~ are all members of the Dearbo~ .... ~lifornia Wing~ recently participated in
program and ground rescue _~~Ca " ~
the second Annual FAA Aviation Forum..
, ,~ ' - t
et S . . ,
~
Brown Field Cadet Flight (California
Lmda Eddy has been named comman$ ~" ~~et .... (Michigan~ ~ ~ ~ ~Wing)"
of Florida Wing's Group 7, replacing Maj.
" Wing) recently hosted a bivouac for West
Central
Chuck Smith... At an open house held by
San Gabriel Valley Cadet Sq. During the
the McCoy Cadet Sq. (Florida Wing) cerbivouac, six cadet orientation flights
Region
tificates of appreciation were presented
were given... Capt. Rhett Webber of the
to Lt. Cols. Charles Cox and James
The Missouri Wing recently held its anHawaii Wing staff has been selected to
Grady, 1st Lt. Byron Rambo and Cadet
nual CD test. Mission problems included a
serve as a seminar advisor during the
Rand Brown for ~their personal conflood survey, evacuation conditions and a
National Staff College... Brown Field
tributions to the squadron.
truck overturned carrying radioactive
Cadet Flight (California Wing) recently
Maj. Charles Smith, commander of
materials with injured personnel...
visited the 303rd Aerospace Rescue and
Group 7 (Florida Wing) recently received
Members of Composite One Sq. (Kansas
Recovery Sq. at March AFB, Calif...
Wing) participated in a spring open house
a trophy presented to the group that perWest Bay Comp. Sq. (California Wing)
forms outstandingly in promoting the Inat their local airport. Cadets Chris
has been named the most outstanding
formation program... Seminole Cadet
Cooper, Joy Suer, Michael Weedin, Jay
squadron of its type in the wing.

Region

Rocky Mountain
Region

Pacific Region

North

Murphy's Laws Apply To Flyl g
" n
(Reprinted from PIREPS, the
monthly publication of the
Nebraska Department of
Aeronautics. )
Everyone in the engineering
field knows Edsel Murphy's
Laws as the foundation of all
design. In fact, just about
everybody recognizes the basic
form of Murphy's Law: "If
anything can go wrong, it will."
We have found that Murphy's
Laws apply equally well to our
wonderful world of aviation
Here's a small sample of what
we mean:
FLIGHT
Bumpy days and passengers
with weak stomachs will always
coincide.
Aircraft availability is inversely proportional to the importance of a particular flight.
All warranty and guar~,ntee
clauses become void upon payment or just prior to failure,
whichever comes first.
On a long cross-country,
home base will always be five
minutes beyond the maximum

range of the aircraft at the last
planned fuel stop.
Wind aloft reports will only
be accurate in cases of direct
headwinds.
Operating manuals will~ express important performance
figures in the least usable form.
Answers on the FAA written
examination will all be equidistant from your computed
answers. Decimal points will
always be misplaced.
Factory manuals will be
wrong by a factor of 0.5 or 2.0,
whichever gives the most optimistic results. For salesman's
claims these factors are 0.1 or
10.0.
On overwater flights or over
rough terrain, the engine will go
into autorough at the midpoint
plus 10 minutes.
Control tower trainees will
not be allowed to exercise command except on weekends and
other hightrafficvolumetimes.
Maintenance'Mechanical
A dropped tool will hit a spot
where it will do maximum

damage (Murphy's Law of Selective Gravitation).
After an inspection plate
with 16 screws has been
removed, it will be discovered
that it was the wrong plate.
Any cable cut to length will
be too short.
Tolerances will accumulate
towards maximum difficulty of
assembly.
Interchangeable parts won't.
The component most likely
to fail will be the least
accessible
Maintenance~ Electrical
A fail-safe circuit will not
only fail, it will destroy others as
it does so.
Self-starting oscillators
won't.
A transistor protected by a
fuse will protect the fuse by
blowing first.
Intermittent faults will remain so for the service life of the
equipment.
If a particular component is
needed, it will be out of stock.
Further, it cannot be made from
available supplies.

CRASH GUARD -- Cadet William Soisson, Fayette Cadet
Sq. 1402 (Pennsylvania Wing), looks over the wreck of a
helicopter that he and other CAP member~ from Grwim 1~
and 1500 were assigned to ~arck fo¢ and gmvrd. F,m" p~sons were killed in the cra~ neat Somev~t. Pa.

PAGE FOURTEEN

CIVIL AIR PATROL NEWS

JUNE 1979

M i t c h e l l Aw a r d C a n M e a n A L o t
What does your Mitchell
Award mean to you as a CAP
cadet? It can mean a lot.
If you are a CAP cadet with a
Mitchell Award or more, you
may enlist in the Air Force in
pay grade E-3, airman first
class, when you reach age 17.
That means you skip two grades.
At current pay rates, you will
be paid $485 a month in base pay.
That amounts to $66 more per
month because you have the
Mitchell Award. Most recruits
enlist in pay grade E-l, airman
basic, and are paid $419 per
month.
Basic Training
Basic military training (BMT)
at Lackland AFB, Tex., is six
weeks long. You will start it as
an E-3, while a six-year enlistee
must complete BMT before he is
promoted to E-3. A few, well
qualified and mature enlistees
may skip up to four weeks of
BMT. You may be able to do this
if, during the first part of BMT,
you show what you learned as a
CAP cadet. And, as an E-3, you
will be seen as a leader in your
BMT group.
Job Training
If you did not receive a
"guaranteed" Air Force specialty by your recruiter, you will get
one while in BMT based on your
skills and which Air Force jobs

By PAUL E. GARDNER
Brigadier General, USAF
Executive Director, CAP
are available at that time. Your
Air Force specialty will determine if you will go to a technical
training school. These schools
vary in length. For example, six
weeks for the Fuel Specialist
Course and 19 weeks for the Air
Traffic Control Operator Course
is the standard.
Whether you go :to a technical
school or not, you will start onthe-job training (OJT) when you
arrive at your first~ base and
your first job. OJT is learning as
you work and at the same time
taking correspondence courses.
Promotions
You will be eligible for promotion to E-4 (senior airman) 12
months earlier than those who
join as an E-1. By use of current
guidelines, you may look to sew
on E-4 stripes near the 20th
month of your career, as compared to the 32nd month for
those who enlisted as an E-1.
You may be considered for
promotion to staff sergeant (E5) when you have been an E-4 for
six months and have been in the
Air Force three years.
Promotions to staff sergeant are
m a d e u s i n g t h e We i g h t e d
Airman Promotion System

(WAPS). Once you've begun
duty as a member of the Air
Force, you will learn more about
this program that helps identify
those who are best prepared for
advancement.
Education
There are many educational
opportunities you may use while
you are in the Air Force. Some.
you may wish to use are off-duty
college courses, college
preparatory courses and trade
schools.
You can get financial help
through tuition assistance and
t h e Ve t e r a n ' s E d u c a t i o n a l
Assistance Program (VEAP).
If you use tuition assistance,
the Air Forcewill pay 75 percent
for each off-duty course. This is
available to you during as well
as beyond your first enlistment.
If you participate in VEAP
during your first enlistment, you
pay no less than $50 but no more
than $75 per month for at least 12
months to a maximum of 36
months. The Air Force will put
in $2 for every $1 you pay. (For
example, you pay $50 per month
for 12 months for a total of $600,
and the Air Force pays $1,200,
for a total of $1,800.) You will be

able to use this money after you
complete your first enlistment.
Operation Bootstrap is a
program which lets you go to
college full time and still draw
full pay from the Air Force. In
this program, you can go to a
school for up to 12 months to
complete requirements for
award of a baccalaureate or a
higher degree, or you can go to a
university for up to 19 weeks to
complete courses which you cannot take through part-time offduty study.
Commissioning
You must have a college
degree to become an Air Force
officer. When you have completed requirements for a baccalaureate degree from an
accredited school, you may apply for a commission. If you are
selected, you would attend Officer Training School.
At the time you apply for a
commission in the Air Force,
you may request flight training,
provided you are physically
qualified.
This should give you a rough
idea of how your Mitchell Award
will help you if you join the Air
Force, and show you what you
may expect early in your Air
Force career. If you have any
questions, your local Air Force
recruiter will be glad to help
you.

AFROTC Schola
MAXWELL AFB, Ala. Brig.
Gen. Paul E. Gardner, executive
director of Civil Air Patrol, and
Maj. Gen. David B. Easson,
commandant of Air Force
ROTC, have made a combined
effort to help the Air Force meet
future officer production and
carry the Air Force ROTC
message to greater numbers of
qualified candidates.
Civil Air Patrol and Air Force
ROTC are working together to
publicize a package which will
publicize scholarship opportunities to qualified CAP
members. It is significant to
note that all CAP members who
apply for scholarships will be
recognized for their potential
and awarded additional advantages toward the scholarships
due to their participation in
CAP.
Scholarship applications are
available from CAP squadrons,
Air Force recruiting offices, or
by writing Air Force ROTC, Office of Information, Maxwell
AFB. Ala. 36112.
There have been some recent
changes in Air Force ROTC to
help stimulate officer procurement for the Air Force. Since the
end of the military draft in 1973
eliminated an important incentive for students to enroll in
ROTC programs, and made such
programs no longer compulsory,
only three schools retain comp u l s o r y A i r F o r c e R O T. C
programs.
C o n s e q u e n t l y, A i r F o r c e
ROTC became an elective
course offered by 143 host institutions and 395 nearby schools
with cross-town or consortium

agreements with the host institutions. Beginning in 1964 the
curriculum has offered students
a choice of enrolling in the fouryear program when they enter
college as freshmen, or applying
for the two-year program if they
have two academic years
remaining. The last two years of
each program are identical and
are called the professional officer's course. All courses are
a c c r e d i t e d : h o w e v e r, t h e
amount of credit granted toward
degree completion varies from
school to school.
Drill and ceremonies are still
a fundamental part of leadership
laboratory, but time has been
curtailed in the area to offer additional leadership and military
related subjects. Other changes
m course content include subjects emphasized throughout the
Air Force. These include expanded instruction in human
rights, the military as a profession and drug and alcohol abuse.
One major innovation is the
advanced training program, an
adaptation of the Air Force
Academy's Operation Third
Lieutenant. in which cadet
volunteers are assigned to Air
Force bases for two weeks of
temporary duty during the
summer months to get a look at
Air Force life by working
alongside host officers.
Cadets planning Air Force flying careers attend a special
three-week flight orientation
program at Tactical Air Command bases.
Air Force officer requirements have changed, both
in total numbers and job

specialization. Today's Air
Force officer force has been
reduced by approximately onethird. As a result, fewer Air
Force ROTC graduates are
needed. The goal for line officer
production will be 3,150 for 1980.
The challenge is not only to
attract the numbers required to
meet objectives, but to attract
students in the critically needed
academic disciplines. A considerable number of students
majoring in engineering, scientific and technical disciplines
must be attracted to meet projected vacancies in Air Force
research and development
programs.
Presently, Air Force ROTC's
goal is to have half of all pilot,
navigator and missile category
cadets enrolled in academic
programs leading to an
engineering or scientific degree.
To help meet these stringent
degree requirements, the Air
Force ROTC college scholarship
program has been expanded.
Scholarships provide full
tuition, laboratory and incidental fees and reimbursement for
textbooks, plus $100 a month subsistence allowance. More than
5.400 cadets received
scholarships in the 1978-79
academic year. Approximately
80 percent of the scholarships
went to students studying in the
engineering, scientific and
technical disciplines.
Presently, about one-third of
the cadet corps members
receive scholarship benefits. In
addition to these scholarships,
private businesses and banks

also provide assistance to Air
Force ROTC students.
Air Force ROTC is one of the
Air Force's largest source of ofricers. About 43 percent of active
duty officers are graduates of
the program. Of the 360 active.
duty Air Force general officers,
76 are ROTC graduates, and
more than 50 of the colonels
selected for promotion to
brigadier general last year are
ROTC graduates also.
With enrollments increasing,
and closer working cooperation

between Civil Air Patrol and Air
Force ROTC, other joint
programs have been initiated.
One of them is a joint textbook
for use in CAP cadets training
and in Air Force Junior ROTC.
The recent Air Force enlistment grade policy change,
allowing CAP cadets with the
Mitchell Award to enlist in the
Air Force in the grade of E-3, is
also applicable to Air Force
Junior ROTC cadets who have
successfully completed a threeyear program.

BLACK SHEEP--Don Fisher, left, city councilman of
Beaufort, S.C., a war-time member of the famous Marine
Black Sheep Squadron, spoke at a recent meeting of the
Beaufort County Comp. Sq. (South Carolina Wing).

JUNE 1979

CIVIL AIR PATROL NEWS

PAGE FIFTEEN

Region Plans Staff College A t Maxwell
MAXWELL AFB, Ala. -- The
Southeast Regional Staff College
(RSC) will be held here during

the week from Aug. 26 until Sept.
1.
"The RSC is one of the most

important steps in a senior
member's professional education program, and we are fortunate in having a location such
as Maxwell AFB, with instructors already in the management
instruction business," said Lt;
Col. Richard J. Curran, the
school director.
All applications will be con-

sidered on a first-come firstserved basis. Walk-ins will be
accepted.
"Over the past several years
those students who have gone
through this program have
reached some of the highest
management positions in CAP.
Running a squadron or a group
or holding a staff position needs

all the education you can get. It's
not only for those who aspire to
be a wing commander."
Send CAP Form 17s directly
to:
Director SER/RSC
Lt. Col. Richard J. Curran, CAP
Route 1, Box 478
Elmore, Ala. 36025

Recent Missions

Lives Saved Now Total 24
MAXWELL AFB, Ala.--Re- requested the milk and it was
separate occasions when CAP
cent saves have brought the total delivered from Rochester to St.
personnel delivered blood from
of lives saved by Civil Air Patrol
Paul.
Wichita for hospital patients in
volunteers so far this year to 24.
The Kansas Wing was credited
other locations in Kansas and
The latest recorded saves ocwith five recent saves on
Oklahoma.
curred in Apriland May.
Alaska Wing had a medical
TO RESERVE ROOM AT NATIONAL
evacuation mission May 6 when
an Air Force physician assistant
BOARD MEETING IN SEPTEMBER, FILL OUT
at Clear AFS requested help in
AND MAIL COUPON BELOW TO:
evacuating an attempted suicide
HOTEL UTAH, P BOX 2040, SALT LAKE
.O.
victim to Fairbanks.
CITY, UTAH 841 I0
The Clear Sr. Sq. (Alaska
.... ...,........ ...... .......o......,.....o.,...... o. o..o.. °,.,..,,
Wing) delivered the patient to
the hospital in Fairbanks. A save
CIVIL AIR PATROL
Sept. 27-30, 1979
was credited to the wing because
of the condition of the patient
and the lack of treatment
facilities at Clear AFS.
NAME
A joint effort by the Tennessee
Wing and the Blount County
PHONE
Rescue Squad was instrumental
in saving the life of a hiker who
ADDRESS
had broken her back in a fall
May 3. At the request of the
CITY
STATE
ZIP __
Smoky Mountain National Park
NEW FRIENDS -- 1st LL Arthur W. Sperling, Suffolk CounAM
personnel, CAP andtherescuennit "
j,.~.~.ty Group (New York Wing), gets acquainted with John
Arriving
PM, on
:,,i __ ,L_
delivered the injured hiker to the
:
Warren, Long Island March of Dimes Poster Ch.u, a~ .,e
.
:
.
.
.
.
. .
two helped promote the Long Island March ni,,,,~ ~,,no., ......... Tennessee Memorial Ho~ltal In ,
of .........
a n d r e m a i n i n g . . . . nights.
~"~"
K n o x v i l l e . . . . . . .
~alk 79 last April. The CAP group volunteered to staff a
,,,
Minnesota~NCiag recorfled a
checkpoint along the route and distribute soda to walkers
save May 1 when a CAP aircrew: "
~ .....
after their return from the 25-mile walk, which earned
delivered mother's milk for a
R O O M R E S E R VAT I O N R E Q U E S T
donations for the charity,
critically ill six-month-old inPlease reserve the following accommodations:
fant. The Minnesota Red Cross

Members Urged To Preregister
For 1979 National Board Meeting
MAXWELL AFB, Ala.--Civil
Air Patrol members who plan to
attend the National Board
meeting this year are being urged to pre-register for activities
there.
The annual meeting is scheduled Sept. 27-30 in Salt Lake City,
Utah.
Although pre-registration is
not required, officials here at
National Headquarters say that
those attending can save time by
doing so. A separate desk will be
set up at the hotel to allow those

who have pre-registered to bypass normal procedures.
Personnel should pre-register
only if they are sure they will
attend: The registration fee is
$20 per person which includes
the cost of the banquet. This preregistration is only for CAP activities and does NOT include a
hotel reservation.
Those who pre-register but
find they will be unable to attend
may receive a refund of their $20
fee if they notify National Headquarters not later than Sept. 20.

Those who fail to notify
National Headquarters by this
deadline can still obtain a refund
but a handling fee of $5 will be
deducted.
The pre-registration forms are
due at National Headquarters no
later than Sept. 14, 1979. Printed
below is a coupon for preregistering for all the CAP activities. Mail this coupon, with
your fee, to: HQ. CAPUSAF/AC, Maxwell AFB, Ala.
36112. Do NOT mail this coupon
to the hotel in Salt Lake City.

CAP National Board Meeting--Sept. 27-29, 1979
PRE-REGISTRATION FORM
Enclosed is $
Name

for

registrations at $20.00 each*
Rank

Street.
City
State
Wing

Check One:
USAF
CAP Senior __
CAP Cadet_
O t h e r . _ ~

Please make check payable to "National Headquarters CAP" and mail to HQ. CAP-USAF/AC,
Maxwell AFB, Ala. 36112. (Do NOT mail this form to the hotel in Salt Lake City.)

O

Single Occupancy:
Double Occupancy:

$24.00

sao.o o

(2 persons, 1 bed)

Twin Occupancy:

MEETING SITE

$30.00

(2 persons, 2 beds)

D

Please number order of Hotel preference

R O O M R E S E R VAT I O N R E Q U E S T
Please reserve the following accommodations:
Single Occupancy: $16.00
Double Occupancy: $23.00
H o ~ e l
U ~ l

( 2 p

l bed)
. . . . . . .

Twin Occupancy:

1 [ ~

$23.00

(2 persons, 2 beds)

[~

Please number order of Hotel preference

R O O M R E S E R VAT I O N R E Q U E S T
Please reserve the following accommodations:
Single Occupancy: $12.00

(2 persons, 1 bed)
.~_~2~//2[11ff/~ Double Occupancy: $18.00
~ , @ ~ g 6 , l " Tw i n O c c u p a n c y : $ 1 8 . 0 0
(2 persons, 2 beds)

(Checks and pre-registration form must be received by HQ CAP USAF/AC no later than Sept. 14, 1979)
* If registration is being made for more than one person, please include names and ranks of all individuals.

[--]Please number order ,q tt,,'r! : :.: ......

C I V I L A I R PAT R O L N E W S

PAGE SIXTEEN

The Place:

JUNE 1979

S A LT L A K E C I T Y, U TA H

TheEvent: National Boa a Meeting
Sept. 27'-30, 1979
Headquarters Will Be At Hotel Utahl

The Date:

OTHER LODGING WILL BE AVAILABLE AT HOTEL UTAH MOTOR INN & HOTEL TEMPLE SQUARE

MORMON TEMPLE ~ The spired granite temple of the

Seagull Monument, and two Visitors Centers. The three

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints dominates
Te m p l e S q u a r e i n S a l t L a k e C i t y. A 1 5 - f o o t w a l l c o m -

hotels

pletely surrounds the beautiful square and the temple,

this square.

which

will

house

CAP

members

during

the

National Board meeting in September are located on

d o m e d Ta b e r n a c l e w i t h i t s g r e a t o r g a n , A s s e m b l y H a l l ,

TO RESERVE ROOM A T EITHER OF THREE HOTELS
FILL OUTAND MAIL COUPON ON PAGE 15